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MUSJIDUL HAQ

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Fiqh

Statements of the Four Rightly Guided Caliphs of Islam regarding the Mawlid Celebration (Verified by Huzoor Tajush Shariah Allama Akhtar Raza al-Azhari rahimahullah)

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Clarity on Taqleed and Talfeeq

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Imam Al-Ghazali – may Allah be pleased with him – writes in his letter as follows:

لَا یجوز للمقلد العالم اختیار اطیب المذاھب عندہ و اوفقھا لطبعہ

It is not permissible for a Muqallid to choose the best suitable of Madhaahib and the most logical to his choice.

(Al-me’yar al-Mu’arrab Vol. 11 p. 164)

The following quotations have been extracted from Fatawa Razvia Shareef:

The following is mentioned in Sharh Niqaayah with reference to the Usool of Imam Bazdawi:

من جعل الحق متعددا کالمعتزلۃ اثبت للعامی الخیار من کل مذھب ما یھواہ، و من جعل واحدا کعلمائنا الزم للعامی اماما واحدا

Whoever makes the truth divided like the Motazilites proving choice for a layman from all the madhaahib he fancies, and the one who makes the truth a single entity like our Ulama, he considers for the layman to stick to solely one Imam.

(Jami’ al-Rumooz, Kitaab al-Karaahah Vol. 3, p. 327)

Allamah Zain ibn Nujaim Misri, the author of Al-Bahr al-Raaiq and Ashbah etc. write in Risalah Kabaair wa Saghaair as follows:

اما الکبائر فقالوا ھی بعد الکفر الزنا واللواطۃ و شرب الخمر و مخالفۃ المقلد حکم مقلدہ الخ مختصرا

As far as the major sins are considered, the Ulama said, “After the kufr, it is adultery, sodomy, drinking alcohol and a muqallid opposing the ruling of his Imam. (Summarized)

(Al-Rasaail al-Fiqhiyyah, Risalah No. 43)

It is mentioned in Milal wa Nahl as follows:

علماء الفریقین لم یجوزوا ان یاخذ العامی الحنفی الا مذھب ابی حنیفۃ والعامی الشفوی الا بمذھب الشافعی

The Ulama of both the madhaahib do not consider it permissible for a Hanafi layman to take any other madhhab besides the Madhhab of Imam Abu Hanifah – may Allah be pleased with him – and for a Shafe’i layman to take any other madhhab besides the Madhhab of Imam Shafe’i – may Allah be pleased with him.

(Al-Melal Wal Nahl, Hukm al-Ijtihaad Wal Taqleed)

شاہ ولی اﷲ صاحب دہلوی کی گواہی کافی وہ رسالہ انصاف میں انصاف کرتے ہیں :  بعدالمائتین ظہر فیہم التمذھب للمجتہدین باعیانھم وقل من کان لایعتمد علٰی مذھب مجتہد لعینہ وکان ھذا ھوالواجب فی ذلک زمان۱ ؎۔یعنی دو صدی کے بعد خاص ایک مجتہد کا مذہب اختیار کرنا اہل اسلام میں شائع ہوا۔ کم کوئی شخص تھا جو ایک امام معین کے مذہب پر اعتماد نہ کرتا ہو،  اور اس وقت یہی واجب ہوا۔

Tr:  The evidence from Hazrat Shah Waliyullah Saheb Dehlvi is sufficient as he does justice in his book Insaaf:

To adopt the school of thought of one particular Mujtahid was brought out within the Muslim nation after 2 centuries (A.H.).  There was seldom anyone who did not rely on one particular Imam, and this is what had been made Waajib (obligatory) at that time.

(Al-Insaaf, The chapter of the state of people prior to the 4th century, p. 19; published by Maktabah Al-Haqeeqah, Istanbul, Turkey)

(۱ ؎۔ الانصاف باب حکایۃ حال الناس قبل المائۃ الرابعۃ            الحقیقیۃ استنبول ترکی ص ۱۹)

اسی میں لکھتے ہیں :وبالجملۃ فالتمذھب للمجتہدین سر اللھمہ اﷲ تعالٰی العلماء وجمعھم علیہ من حیث یشعرون او لایشعرون ۲ ؎۔

یعنی خلاصہ کلام یہ ہے کہ ایک مذہب کا اختیار کرلینا ایک راز ہےکہ حق سبحانہ ،  و تعالٰی نے علماء کے قلوب میں القاء فرمایا اور انہیں اس پر جمع کردیا چاہے اس راز کو سمجھ کر اس پر متفق ہوئے ہوں یا بے جانے۔

(۲ ؎۔ الانصاف    باب حکایۃ حال الناس قبل المائۃ الرابعۃ       الحقیقیۃ استنبول ترکی ص ۲۰)

Tr:  He states in the very book:

The conclusion of discussion is that, to adopt one Madh’hab is a secret which Allah Almighty revealed in the hearts of the scholars (‘Ulama) and united them on it, whether they united after grasping the understanding of this secret or not.

(Al-Insaaf, The chapter of the state of people prior to the 4th century, p. 19; published by Maktabah Al-Haqeeqah, Istanbul, Turkey)

(Fatawa Razviah, Vol. 27, p. 582-584 Raza Foundation Lahore)

قال علیہ رحمۃ ذی الجلال بہ صرح امام الحرمین و ابن السمعانی و الغزالی والکیا الھر اسی وغیرھم وقالوا لتلامذ تہم یجب علیکم التقید بمذہب امامکم ولا عذر لکم عنداﷲ تعالٰی فی العدول عنہ۳ ؎۔

امام شعرانی رحمۃ اﷲ علیہ نے فرمایا کہ اسی کی تصریح کی امام اےرہمین و ابن السمعانی و غزالی و کیا ہر اسی وغیرہم آئمہ نے،  اور اپنے شاگردوں سے فرمایا تم پر واجب ہے خاص اپنے امام کے مذہب کا پابند رہنا اگر ان کے مذہب سے عدول کیا تو خدا کے حضور تمہارے لیے کوئی عذر نہ ہوگا۔

( ۳ ؎میزان الشریعۃ الکبرٰی ،  فصل فی بیان استحالہ خروج شئی الخ درالکتب العلمیہ بیروت  ا/۵۳،  ۵۴)

Tr:  Imam Sha’rani (may Allah shower mercy on Him) has stated:

This is what the Imam of Haramain, Ibn Al-Sam’aani, Imam Ghazali and Kyaharasi etc. Propagated and taught their students, “It is obligatory upon you to stay committed to the Madh’hab of your particular Imam.  If you change from their Madh’hab, you will have no excuse by Allah for changing it.”

(Meezaan Al-Shari’at Al-Kubra, Vol. 1, p. 52, 53; published by Daar Al-Kutub Al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon)

(Fatawa Razviah, Vol. 27, p. 595, Raza Foundation Lahore)

It’s Haraam for a follower of one Madhhab to follow one Madhhab in some Mas’alahs and other in some other Mas’alah.  (Izhaar Al-Haqq Al-Jali, p. 20 [Alahazrat])

Shaarehe Bukhari Allamah Mufti Shareeful Haq Amjadi (may Allah shower mercy upon Him and fill His grave with Noor) has said, “In today’s time, it is Waajib (obligatory) for a Hanafi to follow Imam Azam Abu Hanifah, for a Shafe’i to follow Imam Shafe’i, for a  Maaliki to follow Imam Malik and for a Hambali to follow Imam Ibn Hambal (May Allah be pleased with Them all) in all Shar’i Masaa’il.  No one in Ummah is allowed to follow any other Mujtahid than them, and Talfeeq i.e. to follow one Madhhab in some Mas’alahs and other in some other Mas’alah, is also Haraam and a sin, which is, not following the Shariah, but the fancies of Nafs.

(Maqalaate Shaarehe Bukhari, Vol. 1, p. 291)

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