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In Surah Taubah, verse 18, it is mentioned:
اِنَّمَا یَعْمُرُ مَسٰجِدَ اللہِ مَنْ اٰمَنَ بِاللہِ وَالْیَوْمِ الۡاٰخِرِ وَاَقَامَ الصَّلٰوۃَ وَاٰتَی الزَّکٰوۃَ وَلَمْ یَخْشَ اِلَّا اللہَ۟ فَعَسٰۤی اُولٰٓئِکَ اَنۡ یَّکُوۡنُوۡا مِنَ الْمُہۡتَدِیۡنَ ﴿۱۸﴾
“The only people inhabit the Masjids of Allah who believe in Allah and the Last Day and establish prayer and pay the poor-due (Zakaat) and fear none but Allah, therefore it is near that these people may be among the guided ones.”
A few Ahadith which explains the importance of a Masjid
The best of places is the Masjid
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated that, “With Allah azza wajal the most beloved of places is the Masjid. With Allah azza wajal, the most disliked of places is the bazaar (market place).”
Testify to the Imaan of someone who takes care of the Masjid
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed Khudri Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated that, “When you see someone who has a connection with the Masjid, who serves (the Masjid), who takes care of it, then testify to his Imaan. The reason is that Allah azza wajal has declared that only those people inhabit the Masjid who have Imaan and believe in the Last Day.”
There are many dimensions to the word “safeguard” in this verse. It could imply protecting, taking care of it, making sure that it is neat and tidy, keeping it clean, performing Salaah, being busy in Dhikr and Ibadah and spreading knowledge within the Masjid, etc.
Seven people would enjoy the Shadow of the Divine Arsh on the Day of Judgement
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra Radi Allahu ‘Anhu has narrated that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has declared that, “There are seven people whom Allah azza wajal would keep under His Merciful Divine Shadow on that Day in which there would be no other shadow. They are:
- A just ruler.
- That person who spent his youth in the worship of Allah azza wajal.
- That person who leaves the Masjid and continues to think about the Masjid until he returns.
- Those two people who love each other for the sake of Allah azza wajal. When they meet, they meet for the love of Allah azza wajal and when they leave each other, it is for the sake of Allah azza wajal.
- That person who remembers Allah azza wajal while he is alone and (in fear for Allah azza wajal), he weeps.
- That person who has been invited by an influential and beautiful female (with the intention to commit evil), and in reply, he says that he fears Allah azza wajal.
- That person who gives charity in such a secret manner that his left hand is unaware of what his right hand has spent. (Bukhari; Muslim Shareef)
This Hadith Shareef clearly indicates the quality of those seven people who would enjoy the Divine Mercy of Allah azza wajal on the Day of Judgement due to their special behaviour and action. These people would be protected on that day from all the difficulties and calamities which would befall people. The third person in this Hadith Shareef is that person who is so attached to the Masjid that as long as he does not return to the Masjid for the next Salaah, he continues to feel uneasy and uncomfortable. This should be the state of the believers and we make Du’a that Almighty azza wajal blesses us with at least one of these attributes. Ameen.
To love the Masjid is to love Allah azza wajal
Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated that, “Whosoever wishes to love Allah azza wajal should love me. Whosoever wishes to love me, should love the Qur’an, whosoever wishes to love the Qur’an should love the Masjid because it is the House of Allah azza wajal. Allah azza wajal has commanded us to respect (the Masjid) and has placed Barakah in it. It is full of Barakah and those who stay in it are also full of Barakah. It is protected by Allah azza wajal and those who are in it are also protected by Allah azza wajal. Those who are busy in the Salaah, Allah azza wajal fulfils their needs and when they are in the Masjid Allah azza wajal protects their property.” (Tafsir Qurtabi, 12/266)
The brightness of the Masjid
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas Radi Allahu ‘Anhuma narrates that the Masjids on earth are the Houses of Allah azza wajal. They are bright for the people in the heavens like the stars are bright for the people on earth. (Tabarani in the Kabeer)
To come to the Masjid is like coming to the House of Allah azza wajal
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn ‘Umar Radi Allahu ‘Anhuma narrates that, “The Masjids on earth are the Houses of Allah azza wajal. Whosoever visits someone, it is his right to show respect and display decorum (to his guests).” (Mirqat)
The status of a Masjid has also been described in the Taurah
Hadrat Sayyiduna Ka’ab Ahbaar Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that it is recorded in the Taurah (that Allah azza wajal) has declared that, “On earth, My houses are the Masjids. Whosoever makes proper Wudu and then comes to visit My house, I will honour him. And whosoever comes to visit someone it is his right that he should honour (his guests).” (Nuzhatun Naazireen; Mirqat, 73. 2/210)
All Masjids with enter Jannah
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn ‘Umar Radi Allahu ‘Anhuma has narrated that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallamhas stated that, “On the Day of Judgement, all of earth will be destroyed except the Masjids. All of them will be joined together and will meet at one place.” (In another narration, it is mentioned that they will all meet and enter Jannah). (Nazul Ummaal)
A Guest in Jannah
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated that, “Whosoever leaves his home for the Masjid whether it be morning or evening, Allah azza wajal prepares for him the provisions of Jannah no matter how many times he goes to the Masjid in the morning or evening.” (Bukhari; Muslim Shareef)
This proves that no matter how many times in the morning or in the evening a person goes to the Masjid, Allah azza wajal welcomes him as a special guest. Every time, he appears in the Masjid, special provisions of Jannah are prepared and kept for him. Such is the Great Divine Mercy of Allah azza wajal. How can anyone even describe these great bounties which Allah azza wajal has kept for this person?
You can eat the Fruits of Jannah while on earth!
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated that, “Whenever you come to the garden in Jannah, you should eat its fruits in abundance.” Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra Radi Allahu ‘Anhu asked, “O Prophet of Allah! Where is the garden of Jannah on earth?” Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam replied, “The Masjid, (is the garden of Jannah).” Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra Radi Allahu ‘Anhu asked, “O Prophet of Allah! What is meant by eating its fruits in abundance? Or how should we eat its fruits?” Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam replied, “It is to recite Subhaanallah, Wal Hamdu Lillah, Wa Laa Ilaaha Illal Laahu Wal Laahu Akbar.” (Tirmidhi Shareef)
The Masjids have been termed the gardens of Jannah because to busy oneself in Ibadah and Salaah in the Masjid is one of the means of entering Jannah and the gardens of Jannah. It also signifies the immense reward that one achieves by entering the Masjid and spending time there in Ibadah.
A beloved with Allah azza wajal
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated that, “When a person establishes a place in the Masjid for Salaah and Dhikr, then Allah azza wajal looks upon him with Divine Mercy and Divine Kindness in the same manner as a person is treated by his household with mercy and kindness who has returned after a long time.” (Mirqat)
The reward of reading Salaah in the Masjid
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated that, “The Salaah of someone who performs Salaah in congregation in the Masjid is twenty five times greater (in reward) than the Salaah performed in one’s house or bazaar. The reason is that when a person makes complete Wudu and goes to the Masjid and he has no other intent but to perform the Salaah, then, for every step, his status is increased and one sin of his is pardoned. Then, as long as he is reading Salaah, the Angels continue to pray for him for blessing and mercy. The Du’a of the Angels is, ‘O our Lord! Please bestow upon this slave Your special Favour and Mercy.’ As long as someone among you waits for the Salaah in the (Masjid), with Allah azza wajal and in reward, (it is as if) he is in Salaah.” (Bukhari; Muslim Shareef)
In other words, such is the reward of reading Salaah in the Masjid with congregation. Imagine, every step you take towards the Masjid your status is elevated and one sin is pardoned. Such is the immense mercy and grace of Allah azza wajal. At the same time, the person is also been blessed with the Du’a of the Angels. This special Du’a of the Angels continue until the person is in the Masjid with proper Wudu and does not resort to hurting someone or breaks his Wudu.
There is no Monkhood in Islam
Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman bin Maz’oon Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that he once asked Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam, “O Prophet, please give me permission to become a monk.” He replied, “In my Ummah, Monkhood is to wait for Salaah and to sit in the Masjid.” (Sharahus Sunnah)
There are certain companions who had this ardent wish to completely divorce themselves from the world and everything worldly and this the reason that they requested permission to go into seclusion. In other words, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam was clearly indicating that the spiritual benefit that previous nations used to enjoy in complete seclusion or Nmonkhood, that blessing has been allocated to his Ummah when they wait in the Masjid for the Salaah. This is the true seclusion of this Ummah. As a matter of fact, to wait for Salaah while sitting in the Masjid is a form of I’tikaaf. (Ma’aariful Hadith, 3/176)
The reward of going to the Masjid while it is still dark
Hadrat Sayyiduna Buraydah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated, “That slave who goes to the Masjid while it is still dark, give him glad tidings that because of his action on the Day of Judgement, he will be given complete Nur on behalf of Allah azza wajal.” (Tirmidi; Sunan Abi Daud Shareef)
There is no doubt that to travel to the Masjid while there is darkness everywhere is indeed a great Jihad. There is also no doubt that such a person is proving his true connection with Allah azza wajal. Such will be his reward on the Day of Judgement that he will be personally given a most beautiful light or Nur which will also surprise many people.
One who lives far from the Masjid
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Moosa Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has declared that, “The greatest reward in Salaah is received by that person who lives the furthest. Whosoever waits in the Masjid so that he can perform his Salaah with the Imam, his reward is greater than one who performs his Salaah alone and goes to sleep.” (Muslim Shareef)
Hadrat Jabir bin Abdullah Radi Allahu ‘Anhuma explains that his house was very far from the Masjid. He decided one day to sell his house and live near the Masjid or as close as possible to the Masjid. However, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam stopped him from doing this and advised him that, “For every step (you take), there is one degree (in elevation of your status).” (Muslim Shareef)
The same renowned companion also explains that once there was some land which became empty near the Masjid. The Banu Salamah, who lived far away, decided to settle in this empty land, When this news reached Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam, he informed them, “O Bani Salamah! Keep your houses, for every step (you take, there is elevation in status for you).” (Muslim Shareef)
The story is mentioned about another renowned companion, namely Hadrat Sayyiduna Ubay bin Ka’ab Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, who lived the furthest from the Masjid. Yet, his condition was such that he used to be extremely punctual in his Salaah. He never once missed the Salaah with congregation. Hadrat Sayyiduna Ubay bin Ka’ab Radi Allahu ‘Anhu was once advised to buy a donkey so that it would make it easy for him to come to the Masjid during the night when it was dark and during the day when it was extremely hot. When Hadrat Sayyiduna Ubay bin Ka’ab Radi Allahu ‘Anhu heard this he replied, “I do not wish to be near the Masjid or protect myself against the test of walking towards the Masjid. As a matter of fact, it is my wish and Du’a that for every step I take coming and going, this is recorded in my record of deeds whether I am coming or whether I am going.”
When Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam heard about this, he declared, “Whether coming or going, Allah azza wajal has bestowed upon you both rewards.” (Muslim Shareef)
In another Hadith Shareef, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has declared that, “Whosoever cleans himself properly and with proper Wudu travels to the Masjid so that he can complete the Fard Salaah, for every step he takes a single sin is pardoned and the next step elevates his status.” (Muslim Shareef)
Etiquettes of the Masjid
In Surah Al ‘Araf, verse 31, the Qur’an declares:
یٰبَنِیۡۤ اٰدَمَ خُذُوۡا زِیۡنَتَکُمْ عِنۡدَ کُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ
“O children of Adam! Take your adornment whenever you go to Masjid.”
In “Tafseer Mazhari”, Qadi Thanaullah Panipati Alaihir Rahmah explains that, “It is considered as Mustahab to wear nice clean clothes when going to the Masjid.” (2/346)
In “Tafseer Ruhul Ma’ani”, Allamah Mahmud Alusi Alaihir Rahmah explains that, “Hadrat Imam Hasan Radi Allahu ‘Anhu used to wear nice clothes whenever he used to go for Salaah.” (8/109)
From this we come to realize that it is not only sufficient to cover one’s private area in Salaah but that one has to make sure that one’s clothes are also neat, tidy and clean. This is the reason that it is frowned upon for one to perform Salaah without covering one’s head, to leave one’s collar and sleeve open. In other words, to adopt clothing which would cause embarrassment. If one wears this in front of friends, this is the type of clothing that one should refrain from in Salaah. It is important to remember that you are presenting yourself in the Divine Court of Allah azza wajal, hence, your clothing and your body should be extremely clean and neat.
Walk towards the Masjid patiently and with respect
When one walks towards the Masjid, one should walk in humility and with respect. One should also walk patiently keeping in mind that one is going towards the House of Allah azza wajal. One should refrain from joking and playing on the road. At the same time, it is not permissible to run towards the Masjid. In the Hadith Shareef it is mentioned that when you hear the Iqaamah, then walk towards the Salaah with patience and with respect and do not run.
Enter the Masjid with the right foot and read the recommended Du’a. Leave your shoes at the doorway. If there is a possibility that the shoes could be stolen, then you are allowed to take it inside the Masjid. However, prior to doing this, you should make certain that the shoes have been dusted and cleaned. It is also recommended that you place the shoes in some plastic bag prior to taking it inside the Masjid.
When you leave the Masjid, leave with the left foot and do not forget to read the recommended Du’a. Do the opposite when entering the toilet. In this instance, you should enter with the left foot and leave with the right foot. There are also certain Du’as applicable here also.
Make Salaam when entering the Masjid
When you enter the Masjid then greet the person nearest to you. At the same time, do not make Salaam in such a loud voice because there are others in the Masjid who are busy in Salaah or Dhikr.
To perform the Tahayyatul Masjid
When entering the Masjid, prior to sitting, one should perform two rak’ah of Salaah which is called “Tahayyatul Masjid.” Make sure that it is not a Makruh time to perform Salaah. Make sure that you have valid Wudu and that the Congregational Salaah has not begun. On the day of Jum’uah, you are not allowed to perform Salaah when the Khutbah is been read.
In the Haram Shareef, the Tawaaf becomes a substitute for this Salaah. In “Raddul Mukhtaar”, it is mentioned that if one could not perform this Nafil for some reason, then he can also recite the 3rd Kalimah four times.
If a person entering the Masjid immediately busies himself with reading other Salaahs such as Sunnah and Fard, he will still receive the reward for this Nafil Salaah. (Kitaabul Fiqh). If one comes and go in the Masjid, then it is only sufficient to read this Nafil once during that specific period or time.
While in the Masjid, always endeavour to sit facing the Qiblah!
It is mentioned that, “To sit in the Masjid facing the Qiblah is also a means of reward.” (Ainul ‘Ilm)
The great Awliya advise that Allah azza wajal reveals His Divine secrets to His slaves when they are facing the Qiblah.
In the “Arbaeen” of Imam Nawawi Alaihir Rahmah it is mentioned that there was a person who had two sons who had the wish to become Haafizul Qur’an. One son always had the habit of facing the Qiblah and through the Barakah of this, he memorized the Qur’an one year before his brother. (Sharah Arbaeen)
It is reported that one person, without thinking, spat towards the Qiblah. Due to this disrespect, his spiritual status was taken away.
It is Makruh to face your legs towards the Qiblah and to make this habit is considered a major sin. (Raddul Mukhtaar). It is also considered as Makruh to even allow one leg to face in the direction of the Qiblah. One should also bear in mind that it is Makruh to place a little child in such a manner that his legs face the Qiblah. (Shami)
Buying and selling is not allowed inside the Masjid
To perform any commercial transaction inside the Masjid is considered an act which is against the respect due to a Masjid. However, the person who is in I’tikaaf, in certain conditions, he is allowed to do this. (Mirqat).
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has declared that, “When you see a person buying and selling inside the Masjid, then you should say, ‘May there be no profit in your business.’” (Tirmidhi; Nisaa’i Shareef)
In “Tafseer Qurtabi”, it is mentioned that once Nabi ‘Isa Alayhis Salaam was passing by a group of people who were doing business in a Masjid. He made his shawl into something like a whip and chased them. He also declared to them, “O children of snakes! You have made the House of Allah azza wajal into a bazaar. This is a bazaar of the Hereafter.” It is also not permissible to sell any Taweez (amulet) inside a Masjid. (Alamgheeri)
Keep your voice low inside the Masjid
One should not raise one’s voice in the Masjid except when making the Dhikr of Allah azza wajal. In the “Bukhari Shareef”, it is reported that once Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar Radi Allahu ‘Anhu saw two people in the Masjid who were making a loud noise. He asked them where they were from. They replied that they were from Ta’if. He then replied, “If you were from here, I would have punished you. You are making loud noises inside the Masjid of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam!”
One should refrain from wordily conversation inside the Masjid
It is mentioned that the Masjid has not been built for wordily conversation but for the Tasbeeh, the Takbeer and for the recitation of the Qur’an. (Tafseer Qurtabi)
One should refrain from reading inappropriate poetry or praise in the Masjid
It is considered Makruh to read inappropriate praise, or un-Islamic words inside the Masjid. (Al Ishabah)
Yes, it is permissible to read proper poetry inside the Masjid as this was also done in the time of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. Everyone knows that Hadrat Hasaan bin Thabit Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, at the instruction of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam, used to sing the praises of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam and Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam used to make a special Du’a for him. (Mirqat)
Among the etiquettes of the Masjid is that one should not walk over the shoulders of other people to enter the row in front. If it is possible to enter the first row without this type of behaviour, then it is considered as appropriate to enter the first row especially during the Jum’uah Salaah. Otherwise, one should sit nearest to where there is a vacant spot. It is mentioned that, “Whosoever crosses over the shoulder of others during Jum’uah, he has prepared for himself a bridge to Hell. (However, it is permissible if there is no inconvenience caused to anyone and the Imam has not started to read the Khutbah. Otherwise, it is considered as Makruh Tahreemi). (Kitaabul Fiqh)
If the rows in the back are completely full and there is space available in the first row, then one can cross over the shoulder of others, however extreme caution and respect is demanded making sure that one does not inconvenience the person whose shoulder you are crossing over. This advice is also applicable to the Imam when he is arriving at his place of Salaah.
Refrain from unnecessary argument
One is not allowed to argue about any space in the Masjid. (Kitaabul Fiqh) It is also considered as Makruh to allocate a special spot for yourself in the Masjid. (Tahtaawi) It is also not permissible to remove another person from his spot just so that you can sit in that spot. It is mentioned that if a person has arisen from his spot to go and do something, when he arrives, “he is more entitled for that spot.” (Bukhari; Muslim Shareef)
It is also not permissible for a person to send another person to the Masjid to reserve his spot when he has not yet arrived at the Masjid. If another person takes this spot, then he is within his right to do so. If this person has placed his Musallah at this spot and another person comes and removes this Musallah and takes that spot, again he is entitled to do so. (Lawaaqihul Anwaar)
Yes, if however, the person sitting arises out of respect for this other person and gives him his spot, then this is considered as permissible. At the same time, it is considered as a mark of respect that in spite of this, the person being offered the spot should refrain from taking this spot. The reason is that perhaps the person arose out of shame or fear. This used to also happen when Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Radi Allahu ‘Anhu and Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar Radi Allahu ‘Anhu used to arrive in the Masjid, but they used to stop people from doing this.
In the “Mirqat”, a very strange incident is recorded. It is reported that an oppressive ruler, prior to sitting in the Masjid, used to first sent his servants to the Masjid. These servants used to then abuse and shout at people so that they allow a space for this oppressive ruler. The people then took this complain to a learned scholar, who was also a great Saint, and described the behaviour of this sinful person. The great Saint replied, “If this is the condition of his Ibadah, then imagine what must be the condition of his sins?”
One should not create restrictions for others
In “Tafseer Qurtabi” it is mentioned that if there is no place in that row, one should not try and force oneself into that row and create problems for others. However, if there is space in that row, one should endeavour to first fill that space. The reason is that the Satan enters any small space left in any row as a little goat or wolf (with the intention of creating disunity among the Muslims).
Do not cross in front of people reading Salaah
It is prohibited to walk in front of someone who is reading his Salaah. (Lawaaqihul Anwaar) As a matter of fact, it is reported that if a person only knows what a major sin this is, he will stand still for forty days, or months or years (out of fear). (Lawaaqihul Anwaar)
In one Hadith Shareef, this person has been termed as the Satan. In another hadith Shareef, it is reported that this person be killed. The reason is that this person is trying to break the connection between the slave and his Creator by making the Musalli turn his attention towards him.
The great Awliya declare that they do not walk in front of a person reading his Salaah perchance they may also be included among the list of Satans. This strict restriction has been given so that people can protect themselves from this great sin and refrain from disturbing the concentration of the person reading his Salaah.
- If the person has blocked an open way for someone to pass through, then the sin in this instance will not be on the person walking in front but on the Musalli himself.
- It is permissible to walk in front of someone reading his Salaah while making Tawaaf.
- If it is a large Masjid, then one is allowed to walk in front of this person reading his Salaah at a distance of over three rows from the spot of his Sajdah.
- If there is some item or object in front of this person, then one is allowed to pass in front of him.
One should not spit inside the Masjid
One is not allowed to spit inside the Masjid, clean one’s nose or throw any dirt inside the Masjid.
Do not crack your fingers inside the Masjid
As a matter of fact, one is recommended not to crack one’s fingers either inside the Masjid or even in one’s home. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam once declared, “O Ali! I wish the same for you which I wish for myself. Do not crack your fingers during Salaah.”
It is considered as Makruh Tahreemi to crack one’s fingers during Salaah. It is also prohibited to do this even while one is not in Salaah. It is considered as permissible outside the Masjid although it is an act which is considered as useless. (Shami)
Do not play with your clothes
One is not allowed to play with any part of one’s clothes. As a matter of fact, one should sit in the Masjid with due respect and simplicity. Try to avoid all of those things which are unbecoming keeping in mind the Divine Power and the awe which you should display bearing in mind that you are in the House of Allah azza wajal.
Keep the Masjid Clean
Keep the Masjid clean from all dirt and impurities. It is also considered as Makruh Tahreemi to take anything inside the Masjid which is unclean. One is not permitted to enter the Masjid if one’s clothes are unclean.
If someone had eaten an item which has a bad smell such as raw onion or garlic, etc. as long as the smell does not dissipate, he is not allowed to enter the Masjid whether there are any Musallis in the Masjid or not. (Tabarani)
A person whose mouth is extremely smelly due to some reason, perhaps he has taken some medication or he has some injury in his mouth, as long as the smell does not dissipate, he should not enter the Masjid. In like manner, those people who are butchers, or sell fish, etc. should take extra precaution before entering the Masjid. (Shami)
In like manner, the person whose perspiration has a foul smell, should also eliminate this prior to entering the Masjid. The same rule would be applicable to those who smoke cigarettes or huqqah or chew tobacco. If one wishes to pass wind, it is recommended that he does this outside the Masjid even though he may be in I’tikaaf.
Do not bring small children to the Masjid
Small children or insane people should not be permitted inside the Masjid. If there is a possibility that such individuals would damage the Masjid in some way, then it is Haraam to allow them inside the Masjid, otherwise, it is considered as Makruh Tanzeehi. (Shami) One is not allowed to carry out any punishment inside the Masjid. (Shami)
Do not display laziness in the Masjid
While inside the Masjid, one should increase the Dhikr of Allah azza wajal and one should refrain from been lazy in this regard.
To sweep the Masjid
One should try and sweep the Masjid by himself. It is reported that even Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam used to sweep the Masjid. He used to also remove any dust or any branches or leaves from the Masjid. (Ruhul Ma’ani)
It is reported that there was once a lady who used to always make it a habit of sweeping the Masjid of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. When she passed away, the blessed companions did not want to trouble Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. They decided to bury her themselves. When Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam heard about her demise, he mentioned to his blessed companions that they should have informed him. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam went to her grave and performed the Janazah Salaah again. He then declared, “Because of her sweeping the Masjid, I had seen her in Jannah. I had also asked her that after death, which was the most noble act that she had seen and she replied that, ‘I have seen that the sweeping of the Masjid was the most noble of action.’” (Lawaaqihul Anwaar)
It was the habit of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar Radi Allahu ‘Anhu that every Thursday he used to go to Masjid Quba and sweep the entire Masjid with a date branch. (Al Waf’ul Wafa)
In the Hadith Shareef it is mentioned that, “Whosoever removes any dirt from the Masjid, Allah azza wajal will build a home for him in Jannah.” (ibn Maja Shareef)
It is also recommended that during Jum’uah, one should place some fragrance in the Masjid.
To keep the Masjid bright
Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has declared that, “Whosoever lights a lamp in the Masjid, the Angels and the Angels of the Arsh will continue to seek pardon for him and make Du’a for him as long as that lamp is burning in the Masjid.”
Obviously, in the present era, this will apply to those people who arrange proper lighting system for the Masjid. As long as the lights are been used in the Masjid, the person who had organized this will continue to receive the reward for this noble act.
To place carpets or mats in the Masjid
There is no doubt that there is immense benefit and reward in this act. (Ainul ‘Ilm)
One should not make the Masjid into your home
This law is applicable for everyone except those who are travellers and those in ‘Itikaaf. At the same time, the Masjid should not be made into a place through which you travel or like a road. A person who makes the Masjid a place through which one travels through has been termed a Faasiq. (Shami) If however, if one makes the intention of ‘Itikaaf, then he will not be considered a sinner. (Raddul Mukhtaar)
If you begin to feel sleepy in the Masjid for some reason, then you should endeavour to solve this in the following manner. Get up from your position, tap the right hand side of your head with your fingers and then sit in another spot.
When you return from any journey go first to the Masjid
When you return from a journey, prior to going home, you should make it a habit of first going to the Masjid and perform two rak’ah of Nafil Salaah and then go to your house. This Salaah is called “Tahayyatul Qudum” or a form of giving thanks for your safe return. This was the habit of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam and became the habit of the blessed companions Radi Allahu ‘Anhum.
Advice to the Muslims of today
There is no doubt that great places have fallen to the Muslims in the past. There are numerous Masjids in the world who are considered as blessed Masjids. Tragically also, we have lost many Masjids due to our negligence and laziness. Yes, we love Baitul Muqaddas and respect its position in Islam. At the same time, there are also many other blessed Masjids which we allow to degenerate. If we look at the Masjids that we have in our control today, we will see that ninety five percent of the Muslims do not even come to the Masjid. Tomorrow, if these Masjids are lost, whose fault will this be? Even those Masjids which are frequented by Muslims, some of them have become places of fitnah and fasaad. How many Masjids in the present era have become centres of back-biting and jealousy? As a matter of fact, the true feeling of making Dhikr has also disappeared from these Masjids. In the “Mudkhil” of Ibn-e-Haaj it is mentioned that when a person speaks unbecoming things in the Masjid, the Angels declare, “O friend of Allah, keep silent.” If the person does not stop, the Angels declare, “Keep silent, O enemy of Allah!” Still, if the person continues, the Angels declare, “Keep silent, may Allah’s curse be upon you.” Without doubt, the Masjids are the Houses of Allah azza wajal on earth.
Hence, our advice is that every facet of the Masjid is something which one should display immense respect and reverence towards. How many times has it been mentioned that this is the House of Allah. When you are in the habit of making sure that your own house is kept the cleanest and even hire people to clean this on a daily basis, how much of care should be taken for the House of Allah?