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وَمَاحَوَى الْغَارُ مِنْ خَيْرٍ وَّمِنْ كَرَمٍ

وَّكُلُّ طَرْفٍ مِّنَ الْكُفَّارِعَنْهُ عَمٖ

 

WAMA HAWAL GHAARU MIN KHAYRIW WAMIN KARAMIN

WAKULLU TARFIM MINAL KUFFAARI ANHU AMEE

How Cave Soor surrounded the Source of Benefit and Grace that the eyes of the Disbelievers were blind from seeing that Noor.

 

Ma is connected and Hawa means surround. The Alif and Laam before Ghaar are Oath of Understanding that is why alif and laam has been attached to Ghaar because there are many caves in this world.

 

Cave Soor was mentioned here, that is why these letters were attached and it was made special. Cave Soor is very near to Makkah.

 

In Min Khayriw Wamin Karamin it is reflecting towards the Benefits, Character and Special Beauty of the Beloved Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him). Khariw Wamin Karamin was used, as in the part of exaggeration, a positive noun was omitted. So the intention was towards Zee Khayr and Zee Karam, like in place of Rajalun Adal (A person with justice) one says Rajalun Ahdil.

 

Samehow, Allama in exaggeration, said that Cave Soor surrounded Khayriw Wamin Karamin.

 

Khayr is reflecting to the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) who is the Best of all Gifts.

 

Karam is reflecting to the most Superior of the Ummat, who was Ameerul Moh’mineen Sayyidina Abu Baker Siddique (May Allah be pleased with him).

 

The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) said that the benefit I received from the wealth of Sayyidina Abu Baker Siddique (May Allah be pleased with him), I did not receive such benefits from any other wealth.

 

He further said that if the Imaan of all the Ulama were weighed together, the Imaan of Sayyidina Abu Baker Siddique (May Allah be pleased with him) would weigh heavier.

 

In another Hadith, He said that after all the Prophets Sayyidina Abu Baker Siddique (May Allah be pleased with him) is the most Superior from the whole Ummat.

 

This Couplet is referring towards the beginning of the Incident of Hijrat (Migration).

 

It is related that the Leaders of the Quraish gathered at Darun Nadwa, to have a discussion. They were making plans of surpressing the Voice of Truth of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him). Shaytaan appeared in the disguise of a Sheikh from Najd and sat in between them. When the people inquired, who are you? He replied that I am a Sheikh from Najd. I have seen the good work, you are doing and have come to join you all in this mission. I would like to become your companion in this mission. The Kuffaar said that he is not from Ahl-e-Tamaama but anyway, since he has come from so far, let him join us.

 

The Meeting commenced. Some suggested that prison the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) in a house, stop the food and water.  In this way, He will end. Shaytaan said: This is not a good suggestion because when his Companions will hear about it, they will come and free him. Someone suggested that evict Him out of Makkah, so that he will go to some foreign country.

Shaytaan said: This is a bad suggestion because His Tongue has that sweetness and magic that the population on the other side, will increase. Then they will come and evict you all out from your country. Abu Jahal got up and suggested that from every home, each person must take a sword and all must strike, at one time and kill him. In this manner, no one will be blamed for the murder. Shaytaan replied that this is a very good suggestion.

 

So all the Kuffaar became ready and decided that this attack will take place during the night. On the other side Sayyidina Jibreel (peace be upon him) appeared and informed the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) about everything that was transpiring. He said Huzoor! Leave this place and migrate. The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) asked Ameerul Moh’mineen Sayyidina Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu) to lie on his bed.

 

Then He went to the house of Ameerul Moh’mineen Sayyidina Abu Baker Siddique (May Allah be pleased with him) and told him, about the message Sayyidina Jibreel (peace be upon him) had brought. He accompanied the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him), till they reached Cave Soor.

 

Sayyidina Abu Baker Siddique (May Allah be pleased with him) first entered the Cave and swept and cleaned the Cave. He found that it had many holes, so he tore his shawl and closed the holes, besides one hole. Then he called the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) inside and Hazrat Sayyidina Abu Baker Siddique (May Allah be pleased with him) close the hole, with his toe and the Beloved Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) placed His Head on his lap.

 

On the other side  the enemies reached Baabul Awaali and did not find the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him). So they asked Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu) where  the Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him)is. He replied: He is gone but I do not know where he is gone.

 

The Kuffaar left and they looked in every corner. They blocked all the roads and valleys. They kept travelling till they reached the cave, but they could not see the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) or Siddique Akbar (May Allah be pleased with him).

 

Insha- Allah, in the further Couplets we will discuss this topic in detail.

 

فَالصِّدْقُ فِیْ الْغَارِ وَالصِّدِّيْقُ لَمْ يُرَيَا

وَهُمْ يَقُوْلُوْنَ مَابِالْغَارِ مِنْ اَرَمٖ

 

FAS SIDQU FILGHAARI WAS SIDDEEQU LAM YARIMA

WAHUM YAQULOONA MA BILGHAARI MIN ARIMI

Of course, the Truthful Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and Siddique Akbar (May Allah be pleased with him) were present in the Cave. Though the snake bit him, he did not moan. The Disbelievers looked at the Cave and said that it is not possible for anyone, to be inside this Cave.

 

It is related that the hole which was exposed, Siddique Akbar (May Allah be pleased with him) placed his toe, to block the hole. As there was a snake inside, it bit the toe of Hazrat Siddique Akbar (May Allah be pleased with him).

 

Hazrat Siddique Akbar (May Allah be pleased with him) complained to the Beloved Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) about it. He applied His Sacred Spit on it and through the Command of Allah, the leg got better.

 

The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and His Beloved Companion Siddique Akbar (May Allah be pleased with him) entered the Cave and through the Power of the Almighty Allah, they remained peaceful and in safety.

 

The Kuffaar followed the footprints and came till the entrance of the Cave. Allah protected them. When they came near the Cave, the search was blocked and they left this place and climbed the mountain. Hazrat Siddique Akbar (May Allah be pleased with him) said: Huzoor! If the Disbelievers see our footprints, then they will find us here. The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) replied: Oh Abu Baker! Do you not realise that Allah is with us. In the next Couplet we will see how Allah protected Them Why did the enemies turn away, after following the footprints till the Cave? What cause doubts in their minds and they left the Cave and began to look elsewhere?

 

Insha-Allah! All these things will be discussed, in the following Couplets.

 

ظَنُّوْا الْحَمَامَ وَظَنُّوْا الْعَنْكَبُوْتَ عَلٰى

خَيْرِ الْبَرِيَّةِ لَمْ تَنسُجْ وَ لَمْ تَحُمٖ

 

ZANNUL HAMAAMA WAZANNUL ANKABOOTA ALAH

KHAYRIL BAREEYATI LAM TANSUJ WALAM TAHUMI

When the Disbelievers saw the spider’s web and the eggs of the pigeons at the entrance of the Cave, they were certain in this safe spot, as the spider will never build webs and the pigeon will never lay eggs.

 

The reason the Kuffaar could not see them, was because they saw a spider’s web and the eggs in the nest of a pigeon which was on the entrance of the Cave. So they were certain that no one could enter this Cave, without disturbing the web or nest. If someone had to enter this Cave, the web and the eggs in the nest would have been broken.

 

This spider and pigeon had come to serve the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him). Through the Power of Allah, these weak creatures protected His Beloved Messenger (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and his Companion. The eggs became like planets and the web looked like a Fort.

 

It is due to this reason that the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) instructed not to kill the pigeons and spiders living in the Haram.

 

In general, regarding the spiders the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) said: The spider is Shaytaan, Allah has mutilated it. Kill it.

 

Sha’bee relates from Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu) that clean the house from spider webs, if you leave it in the house, then it will bring poverty.

 

The spider built its web, twice for the Prophets. Once when Jaaloot was looking for Sayyidina Dawood (peace be upon him) and the second time for the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him). Umayya bin Khalf despite all these signs, wanted to enter inside the Cave, but when he was asked by his companions that what was he  doing, he changed his mind.

 

This spider’s web had been here, before the Birth of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him).

 

وِقَایَۃُ اللّٰہِ اَغْنَتْ عَنْ مُضَاعَفَۃٍ

مِنَ الدُّرُوْعِ وَعَنْ عَالٍ مِنَ الْاُطُمٖ

WIQAAYATULLAHI AGHNAT AN MUDHA’AFATIN

MINAD DUROO’EE WA AN AALIM MINAL UTOOMI

The Protection of Allah made the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him)

rich with two armours and high forts.

 

Ummul Moh’mineen Sayyida Ayesha Siddiqa (May Allah be pleased with her) relates that the Sahaaba-e-Kiraam used to protect the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) every day and night. They used to take turns and guard the Sacred House of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him).

 

This Aayat was revealed Wallaahu Ya’simuka Minan Naas (Allah will protect you from the people). So the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) came out from His room and said to the people that, all of you go and take a rest in your homes, as My Lord is responsible for My Protection.

 

This Couplet is referring towards this Ayat, when Allama said Wiqaayatullahi. Due to which the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) became rich.

 

So the Incident about the Hijrat in this Qasida, comes in three stages. In the first 3 – 4 Couplets, those conditions that were exposed, began like this:

 

The Quraish learnt that the Ansaars were accepting Islam secretly and the numbers were increasing, so on whomever they had suspicion, they began to ill treat and give them a very hard time. According to Orders, many Sahaaba-e-Kiraam also migrated.

 

When Siddique-e-Akbar (May Allah be pleased with him) accompanied the Beloved Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu) remained behind alone, the Disbelievers of Makkah saw that very soon, he also would go away from here. He will prepare to fight us, defeat and destroy us.

 

Due to this fear, they gathered for a discussion, where the Shaytaan was also present, in the disguise of a Sheikh from Najd.

 

This incident we discussed earlier.

 

Let’s go further and see what happened after this meeting.

The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) ordered Hazrat Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu) to lie on his bed and cover himself with His Sacred Sheet. He said: No one will be able to cause you harm.  You must migrate only, after you have returned, all the things that the people gave to me for safe keeping. I do not like that the people must say: I took their things and ran away. Though the Disbelievers were enemies of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) but in their hearts, the Seal of His Honesty was set, they used to come to Him and leave their belongings for safe keeping.

 

So the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) left Hazrat Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu) behind, to return all these things, to it’s rightful owners.

 

The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) left the house alone and the enemies surrounded the house. The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) took a handful of sand and read from Surah Yaseen till Fahum Lah Yubsiroon:

بِسْمِ اللہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ ﴿﴾

  ALLAH in the name of, the Most Affectionate, the Merciful.

یٰسٓ ۚ﴿۱﴾

  Yasin.

وَ الْقُرْاٰنِ الْحَکِیۡمِ ۙ﴿۲﴾

  By the wise Quran.

اِنَّکَ لَمِنَ الْمُرْسَلِیۡنَ ۙ﴿۳﴾

  No doubt, you.

عَلٰی صِرٰطٍ مُّسْتَقِیۡمٍ ؕ﴿۴﴾

  Have been sent on straight path.

تَنۡزِیۡلَ الْعَزِیۡزِ الرَّحِیۡمِ ۙ﴿۵﴾

  Sent down by the Dignified, the Merciful.

لِتُنۡذِرَ قَوْمًا مَّاۤ اُنۡذِرَ اٰبَآؤُہُمْ فَہُمْ غٰفِلُوۡنَ ﴿۶﴾

  So that you may warn a people whose fathers were not warned so they are unaware.

لَقَدْ حَقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلٰۤی اَکْثَرِہِمْ فَہُمْ لَا یُؤْمِنُوۡنَ ﴿۷﴾

  Undoubtedly, the word has been proved against most of them, so they shall not believe.

اِنَّا جَعَلْنَا فِیۡۤ اَعْنٰقِہِمْ اَغْلٰلًا فَہِیَ اِلَی الۡاَذْقَانِ فَہُمۡ مُّقْمَحُوۡنَ ﴿۸﴾

  We have put on their necks chains reaching to their chins, so they remained raising up their faces.

وَ جَعَلْنَا مِنۡۢ بَیۡنِ اَیۡدِیۡہِمْ سَدًّا وَّ مِنْ خَلْفِہِمْ سَدًّا فَاَغْشَیۡنٰہُمْ فَہُمْ لَا یُبْصِرُوۡنَ ﴿۹﴾

  And We have set a barrier before them and a barrier behind them and covered them from above, therefore they see nothing.

(Yaseen 36, Verse 1-9)

Then He threw the sand towards the heads of the enemies. After this He passed in front of them, as all became blind and could not see Him passing.

 

One person asked them, for whom are you waiting? They replied: The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him). He said: You are unsuccessful, as for whom you are waiting anxiously, has thrown sand in your eyes, passed in front of you all and gone away.

 

When they looked inside the house, they found that on his bed, he was still covered with his Green Sheet. So they did not accept, what that person had said.  They thought that the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) was still sleeping.

 

Morning appeared and Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu) got up from the bed. When the enemies saw this, they began to have regrets.They asked Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu) where the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) was? He replied: I do not know, you all took Him out and He went away.

 

They were very cross with Hazrat Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu). They took Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu) to the Haram and put him into prison for some time. When the enemies realised that it was impossible to obtain any information, regarding the whereabouts, of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him), from Hazrat Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu), they released Him. He remained, till he returned all the goods that were left for safekeeping.

 

Hazrat Ummul Moh’mineen Sayyida Ayesha Siddiqa (May Allah be pleased with him) relates that  the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) used to always come to her house, in the evening, but on the day when He was ordered to Migrate, he arrived in the afternoon. Hazrat Siddique-e-Akbar became aware, of the unusual arrival, of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him), he understood that this was for a special reason. Huzoor took him aside and told him about the order. Siddique-e-Akbar asked: What is the order for me? He replied that you will accompany Me. When he heard about this, he was overjoyed. They exited from the small door of the house and left for Mt. Soor.

 

Siddique-e-Akbar left his son Hazrat Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) in Makkah, so that in the evening, he could bring news to them, about the plans of the Disbelievers. He ordered his free slave that during the day, he must take the sheep for grazing and bring them in the evening to them.

 

He ordered Hazrat Asma Bint Siddique (May Allah be pleased with her) to cook food and send the food to the Cave in the evening. Whenever Hazrat Abdullah bin Abu Baker (May Allah be pleased with him) used to return with the sheep from the Cave, he used to erase the footprints.

 

Abdullah bin Areeqat was a Disbeliever, he stayed for three days in the cave and offered to be their guide till Madina.

 

Since the condition of the Cave has been mentioned in the previous Couplets, we will now discuss, what happened further.

 

After spending three days in the Cave, they were satisfied that the spirit of the Kuffaar had declined, so Abdullah bin Ajeer brought two camels to the Cave. The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and Siddique-e-Akbar sat on one camel and Abdullah bin Ajeer and Aamir bin Fayra sat on the other camel. They kept travelling, during the whole night till Zohar. The Disbelievers made an announcement that whoever catches the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and brings him to them, he will be given a reward of 100 camels.

 

Due to the greed of this reward, Suraaqa bin Malik came out, to look for the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him). He found the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) in a jungle.  Siddique-e-Akbar (May Allah be pleased with him) saw him and said that he had come to find them. The Beloved Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) replied: Do not have any fear as our Lord is with us. Suraaqa wanted to return as quickly as possible and informed the Disbelievers about the whereabouts, of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him). Huzoor made Dua for Safety. Through the Command of Allah, when this enemy tried to come forward, his horse sank into the ground. It began to sink deeper into the ground. Suraaqa called out: Huzoor! I know that my horse is sinking in the ground, because I have turned against you. Please free me and I promise that I will faithfully return back. Whichever enemy I will meet on the way, I will take him back with me. Finally, he was freed and he came forward and fell on his knees and said: Huzoor my camels are grazing in a certain place. You can take as many camels as you wish from there.

 

The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) replied: I do not need any of your camels. As he was leaving the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) asked: Suraaqa! What will be your condition, when the bangles of Kisra will be in your hands.  He asked: Will the bangles of Kisra be on my hands? The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) replied: Yes. So when Persia was captured and the Muslims obtained the bangles of Kisra Ameerul Moh’mineen Sayyidina Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) placed the bangles of Kisra, in Suraaqa’s hands.

 

The Residents of Madina had received the news earlier, about the Holy Arrival of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him). They used to come out from their homes and wait anxiously outside the City till the afternoon, then they used to return home.

 

Once, in this same manner, they waited till the afternoon and were returning home, when a Jew, from the top of a fort, saw them and made an announcement: Oh People! For whom you all are waiting, He has finally arrived.

 

The sounds of Takbeer began to echo in the whole City. The Ansaars began to put on their best clothing and came outside to meet Him. Hazrat Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu) left Makkah after three days and he also reached here.

 

In Mu’arrikheen and Arbaabeh Sair it is related that the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) stayed here for four days. In Sahih Bukhari it is related that He stayed for fourteen days. This is correct.

 

The first thing that the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) did while He was here, was built a Musjid. Kulsum bin Hadam had a land and the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) laid the Foundation of the Musjid, with His Sacred Hands. This is the same Musjid, which the Holy Quran says, that its Foundation from the first day was laid on Piety. The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) joined and helped the people in the building of this Musjid.

 

Abdullah bin Ruwaha (May Allah be pleased with him) who was a Poet (he is buried in Jordan) was also among the workers and whenever the workers used to feel tired he used to sing this couplet.

Aflah Min Yu’ahlijil Masaajid Wa Yaqra’ul Quraana Qaahimow Wa Qaahida

Wala Yabeetal Layli Inda Lahu Raakida

That person is most successful who builds a Mosque and recites the Quran while standing and sitting and does not spend the night by lying down.

 

The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) used to join him in chorus.This Mosque was called Musjid-e- Quba.

 

The Historians have recorded that the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) entered Musjid-e-Quba on the 8th of Rabi-ul-Awwal (20th December 622 A.C)

 

After fourteen days, on a Friday, the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) left towards the City of Madina. While He was near Bani Saalim, the time for Jumah Salah approached. He gave a Sermon and performed Jumah Salah here. This was the first Kutbah and Jumah Salah that the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) performed here.When the people discovered that the Sacred Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) was arriving, they all gathered to welcome Him

 

The Banu Najjaar Tribe came running and formed a queue from Quba to Madina with ammunition. On the way the family of the Ansaars came and said: Huzoor this is your House, come and live here. Every Tribe wished that He must live with them. The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) used to smile and make Dua for them.

 

Finally the Sacred City came near, the enlighten spirit of the people was such, that those ladies in veils climbed their roofs and began to sing:

 

طَلَعَ الْبَدْرُ عَلَیْنَا مِنْ ثَنِیَّاتِ الْوَدَاعِ

وَجَبَ الشُّکْرُ عَلَیْنَا مَا دَعَا لِلّٰہِ دَاعٍ

اَیُّھَا الْمَبْعُوْثُ فِیْنَا جِئْتَ بِالْاَمْرِ الْمُطَاعِ

جِئْتَ شَرَّفْتَ الْمَدِیْنَۃَ مَرْحَبًا یَا خَیْرَ دَاعٍ

Tala’al Badru Alayna, Min Saneeyaatil Wadaa’i

Wajabat Shukru Alayna, Ma Da’ah Lillahi Daa’i

Ayyuhal Mab-oosu Feena, Ji’ta Bil Amril Mutaa’i

Ji’ta sharraftal Madinah, Marhaban Ya Khayra Daa’i

The Moon has risen on us, in the valleys of the Mountain of Wadaa

It is compulsory for us to be thankful for the mission of Allah he has propagated towards

O Allah’s Messenger, who has been sent to us, You have come with Worthy Practices and Commands.

You have graced Madinah, Welcome O the best of propagators towards Allah

 

The Innocent young girls of Bani Najjaar began to beat the drums (daf) and sang:

 

Na’nu Jawarim Mim Banin Najjaari, Ya Habbaza Muhammadum Min Jaari

We are the girls from the Family of Najjaar, what a Beautiful Companion the Holy Prophet Muhammad (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) is.

 

The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) looked towards them and asked do you all love me? They all replied: Yes. So He said that I also love you all.In brief today where Musjid-e- Nabawi stands, the house of Hazrat Ayyub Ansaari (May Allah be pleased with him) was situated here. The camel stopped there and the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) stayed with Him.

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