Download the complete book in PDF: Commentary of Qasidah Burdah (Complete)
خَدَمْتُهٗ بِمَدِيْحٍ اَسْتَقِيْلُ بِهٖ
ذُنُوْبَ عُمُرٍ مَّضٰى فِیْ الشِّعْرِ وَالْخِدَمٖ
KHADAMTUHU BIMADEEHIN ASTAQEELU BIHI
ZUNOOBA UMRIM MADHA FISH SHI’RI WAL KHIDAMI
I have written this Poem, in Praise of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him), so that all my sins, committed throughout my life, might be washed away.
Until now I had always written Poems of flattery and praises of others, in order to gain favours from the Rulers.
It has been reported that Allama was very close to the Kings. He used to write Poems of flattery in praises of those Kings, due to which, they used to reward him and he used to earn his living, in this manner. So he directs this Poem, towards the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him), and says that I have now changed, by praising the Almighty Allah and changed those sins, through His Forgiveness and Mercy. What Allama regards as sin, was praising the Kings, although it was not forbidden to praise someone, worthy of praises.
اِذْ قَلَّدَانِىْ مَاتُخْشٰى عَوَاقِبُهٗ
كَاَنَّنِىْ بِهِمَا هَدْىٌ مِّنَ النَّعَمٖ
IZ QALLADAANIYA MA TUKHSHAA AWAAQIBUHU
KA ANNANI BIHIMA HADYUN MINAN NA’AMI
These two vicious habits, like writing Poems and serving the People of the World, until now had enchained me in such a way, that I have fear of its termination.
I regard this, as a garland of sins or like an animal being pulled, to the slaughterhouse for sacrifice.
Since the rope is tied around the neck of that camel, which is fit for sacrifice or has become useless, Allama regards himself like the animal. He regards it as a sin to write praises of the Kings and serve the People of the World. He feels he has now become like the camel, which has a rope around its neck and is dragged to the slaughterhouse for sacrifice.
اَطَعْتُ غَىَّ الصَّبَا فِىْ الْحَالَتَيْنِ وَمَا
حَصَلْتُ اِلَّاعَلَى الْاٰثَامِ وَالنَّدَمٖ
ATA’TU GHAYYAS SIBA FIL HAALATAINI WAMA
HASALTU ILLAH ALAL AASAAAMI WAN NADAMI
So, as a child, I strayed and did not gain anything, except that I became a sinner and a repentant.
Allama regrets and apologises for his mistakes and says: I know that I did not oppose to being astray, while I was small and kept praising the Kings. I wasted my age, in flattering the Kings and regretted having this enmity. Through the result of doing this, today I have nothing left besids sins and regrets. Allama is showing us how to ask for forgiveness from Allah. He says ask for Forgiveness in this manner.
فَيَاخَسَارَةَ نَفْسِىْ فِیْ تِجَارَتِهَا
لَمْ تَشْتَرِ الدِّينَ بِالدُّنْيَا وَ لَمْ تَسُمٖ
FAYA KHASAARATA NAFSIN FEE TIJAARATIHA
LAM TASHTARID DEENA BID DUNYA WALAM TASUMI
Alas! My evil self has traded with loss. I had not bothered to purchase this Hereafter nor did I ponder over buying it.
Allama is warning the Soul and says Oh Lost Soul! There is still time in your business. Till today you preferred the World to the Hereafter. You chose a thing that will come to an end and be left behind, against what will remain forever. If you do not change your mind now, in purchasing the Hereafter, in place of the World, then when will you have time? Accept the Religion with a good and sincere Intention.
وَ مَنْ يَّبِعْ اٰجِلًا مِّنْهُ بِعَاجِلِهٖ
يَبِنْ لَّهٗ الْغَبْنُ فِیْ بَيعٍ وَّفِیْ سَلَمٖ
WAMAY YABI’H AAJILAM MINHU BI’AHJILIHI
YABILLAHUL GHABNU FEE BAY’IW WAFEE SALAMI Those who has made such a bargain, by buying the world, in place of the Hereafter, has made a transaction of indescribable loss.
Yabeeh comes from the word Bai. There are two types of Bai.
One Bai is for sale and has a price on it and sold for cash. The other Bai is Bai-e-Sallim, where the price was arranged first, then according to a promised date, was taken later.
In this Couplet, this famous Saying of the Arabic was left out: This World is sold for cash and the Hereafter on credit.
That Bai-e- Sallim that takes place in this world, which one pays first and later takes possession of it, according to the promise.
Allama says to prefer the World, instead of the Hereafter, is stupidity, like one who does not like Bai-e-Sallim.
Allama Kharpoti (May Allah shower mercy upon him) says that Person has created a ship from the World and the Hereafter. It was then attached to both side.
Nafseh Ammaara (Ardent Soul) desires to pull you, towards the lower parts of the World and the Spirit pulls you, towards the Stages of Paradise. From both these organs, the Heart has been created which is Allah’s intoxicated organ. One was through Mercy and the other through the Wrath.
On whoever Allah looks with Anger, his heart becomes hard and it turns towards the direction of the World. He turns towards Bai-e-Ahjil (speedy sale) and it throws him into Hell.
On whoever He looks with Mercy, He makes his heart steadfast and he looks towards the Upper Levels and towards the direction of the Hereafter.
وَ اِنْ اٰتِ ذَنْباً فَمَا عَهْدِىْ بِمُنْتَقِضٍ
مِّنَ النَّبِىِّ وَ لَاحَبْلِىْ بِمُنْصَرِمٖ
IN AATI ZAMBAM FAMA AH’DEE BIMUNTAQIDHIN
MINAN NABIYYI WALAH HABLEE BIMUNSARIMI
Although I am a sinner, I have not given up hope. I held onto the unbreakable Rope of the Religion, and the Truth of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him).
Though I am a sinner and have committed numerous mistakes but I still have firm hopes on His Mercy. A sinner does not become so defective, that he loses Imaan.
Whatever agreement he has, with Ash-hadu Allah ilaha illallah is still firm, with the sinner. My sins cannot separate me from the Rope of Love and Belief.
Here Allama shows the conclusion of the Ahleh Sunnat:No matter how many sins, a sinner has, as long as his Belief is correct, he will be shameful for his sins and have hopes of Forgiveness for his mistakes.
As long as he is a Muslim and holds firmly to the Rope of the Love of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him), the contract of the picture does not become compulsory.
The Holy Quran says: The moments he asks for forgiveness, his sins turn into good deeds. Yubaddilul Laahu Sayyi’aatihim Hasanaat.
Mowla Ya Swalli Wa Sallim Daa’iman Abadan
Alah Habeebika Khayril Khalqi Kullihimi.
فَاِنَّ لِىْ ذِمَّةً مِّنْهُ بِتَسْمِيَتِىْ
مُحَمَّدًا وَّهُوَ اَوْفَی الْخَلْقِ بِالذِّمَمٖ
FA INNA LEE ZIMMATAM MINHU BITASMIYATI
MUHAMMADAN WAH’WA OWFIL KHALQI BIZ ZIMAMI
Since my name is Muhammad, it is compulsory to be in peace, in the Sacred Court of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him). He is the Most Truthful on His Promises and Most Superior.
Keeping the Name Muhammad
This Couplet is referring towards this Hadith: Ibn Abbaas (May Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) said: On the Day of Qayaamat, a Caller will announce: Whomever’s name is Muhammad or Ahmad, stand up and enter Paradise.
Allama’s full name was Sheikh Sharfuddin Abi Abdullah Muhammad bin Saeedud Delaasi Bosairi. (May Allah shower mercy upon him)
So he says, my father kept my name Muhammad and the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) promised in the Hadith that whose name will be Muhammad will not go to Hell. Who can be more Honest than the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him)? So I am proud that my name is Muhammad.
The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) said: Sayyidina Jibreel (peace be upon him) came to Me and said: Allah sent His Salaams to You. He gave the Good News that the Oath of His Honour and Majesty, whoever will keep his name after Your Sacred Name, I will not let the Punishment of Hell, be inflicted on him.
In another Tradition it has been narrated that Allah feels shy to inflict Punishment on that person, whose name is kept after his Beloved One.
Allama Qazi Ayaaz (May Allah shower mercy upon him) in Shifa Sharief writes that the Angels shower Mercy and Blessings on that person whose name is Ahmad or Muhammad. This Name is the Most Superior Name because Allah Ta’ala has taken this Name out, from His Special Names.
He kept the Family Name of Sayyidina Adam (peace be upon him) as Abu Muhammad.
Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) always wrote in his orders and commands Min Muhammadur Rasoolullah (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him).
When Malakul Mowt took the Sacred Soul of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and walked, then on His Tongue were these words: Wa Muhammada! The past Ulama-e-Kiraam felt it compulsory to keep their names after this Name.
اِنْ لَّمْ يَكُنْ فِیْ مَعَادِىْ اٰخِذًامبِيَدِىْ
فَضْلًا وَّ اِلَّا فَقُلْ يَازَلَّةَ الْقَدَمٖ
ILLAM YAKUN FEE MA’AHDI AAKHIZAM BIYADEE
FADLOW WA ILLAN FAQUL YAA ZALLATAL QADAMI
On the Day of Judgement, Oh Prophet! (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) if You do not Intercede, then of course, I will be ruined.
Through His Grace and Association of my name, if the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) cannot assist me, after my death, then I have rights to feel sorry on my fate. What sense will remain, if my legs slip and what is the use of staying conscious?
If we look at it from another angle, there are many reasons in this Couplet. If we look at the first line of this Couplet, then the meaning will be: If any Oaths and Decisions, do not help against my sins, then shame on my slippery feet.
Allama Kharpoti (May Allah shower mercy upon him) states the correct meaning of this Couplet is: I am in desperate need of the Intercession of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) from the freedom of the dangers and severe Punishments. The Grace and Kindness of my Assistant must not be useless.
حَاشَاهُ اَنْ يُّحْرَمَ الرَّاجِىْ مَكَارِمَهٗ
اَوْ يَرْجِعَ الْجَارُ مِنْهُ غَيْرَ مُحْتَرَمٖ
HAASHAAHU AY YUHRIMAR RAAJEE MAKAARIMAHU
OW YARJI’AL JAARU MINHU GHAYRA MUH’TARAMI
It is against the Nature of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him)
for any needy person to come to His Sacred Court and return back without fulfilling his ambitions.
Since the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) is the Source of Grace and the Origin of Benefits, so to have such doubts is by no means correct. He is that Generous Person that if someone asks for a drop, He showers the whole Ocean on him.
Mowla Ya Swalli Wa Sallim Daa’iman Abadan
Alah Habeebika Khayril Khalqi Kullihimi