Download PDF: Giving Charity
It is reported that once, during the era of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, he sent a bag of Dirhams to Ummul Mo’mineen, Sayyidah Saudah Radi Allahu ‘Anha. However, when she saw what was inside, she said, “How strange! Is a bag which is used to carry dates also used to carry dirhams?” After saying this, she then distributed all of these Dirhams to the poor and destitute of Madina Shareef. She continued to do this until all the Dirhams were spent. (Isaabah, 8/118)
This was the result of being in the blessed company of the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. None of the blessed wives of the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam ever wanted to hoard money in their homes. As soon as any monies or items were received, they immediately gave it away which would be saved as Barakah for the Hereafter. They did not even think of keeping anything for themselves, nor did they concern themselves with the next day. In other words, they had this complete trust in Allah azza wajal that what He has provided for them today, He would provide for them tomorrow. In this manner, they gave a global lesson to our Muslims sisters on the merits of giving charity and Sadaqah.
We should also endeavour to give away as much as we can in charity. As a matter of fact, there is also a Hadith Shareef of the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam in which he has stated that, “O females! Give as much charity as possible. The reason is that I have seen (that the people of Hell are mostly) women.” When he was asked the reason for this, he replied that, “It is because you blame and accuse (each other in abundance) are also (mostly) ungrateful to (your) husbands.” (Bukhari Mukhtasar)
Another important point that should be borne in mind by the females is that they are not allowed to spend the wealth of their husbands without permission. There is a Hadith Shareef reported by Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Umaamah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu that on the occasion of Hujjatul Wida, the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam declared in his Khutbah, “A female is not allowed to spend from the house of her husband without permission.” (Tirmidhi Shareef)
Yes, if the husband does not restrict her and neither does he have any problem with her giving a certain item away, and this charity is also the same amount which is normally given, then permission is not required in this instance. This has also been explained in the Sharah (Commentary) of this Hadith Shareef.
The Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated that, “Whatever food is in the house; if a female gives some of this away without the intention of wasting, then she will be rewarded for this and there will also be reward in the sustenance of the husband.”
At the same time, when you help someone, it is also necessary to see that the person is actually someone who is entitled for this help. As for those who are considered as professional beggars and who have made this as their trade, one should not give these people any money. If one gives someone like this any help, then he will also encourage the person and this itself is considered a sin.
It is recommended that one searches for one’s poor and needy relatives. Remember that when help is given to such people it should be done very privately. One should give them help in such a manner that the entire family does not become aware of this. If this is done on the contrary, the reward will also be destroyed.
The person who you are helping should not be given the impression that you are doing him a special favour. Allah azza wajal declares in Surah Baqarah, verse 264:
یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا لَا تُبْطِلُوۡا صَدَقٰتِکُمۡ بِالْمَنِّ وَالۡاَذٰیۙ کَالَّذِیۡ یُنۡفِقُ مَالَہٗ رِئَآءَ النَّاسِ وَلَا یُؤْمِنُ بِاللہِ وَالْیَوْمِ الۡاٰخِرِؕ فَمَثَلُہٗ کَمَثَلِ صَفْوَانٍ عَلَیۡہِ تُرَابٌ فَاَصَابَہٗ وَابِلٌ فَتَرَکَہٗ صَلْدًاؕ لَا یَقْدِرُوۡنَ عَلٰی شَیۡءٍ مِّمَّا کَسَبُوۡاؕ وَاللہُ لَا یَہۡدِی الْقَوْمَ الْکٰفِرِیۡنَ﴿۲۶۴﴾
“O People who Believe! Do not invalidate your charity by expressing favour and causing injury – like one who spends his wealth for people to see, and does not believe in Allah and the Last Day; his example is similar to that of a rock covered with dust and hard rain fell on it, leaving it as a bare rock; they shall get no control over (or benefit from) anything they have earned; and Allah does not guide the disbelievers.”
If there is no one like this in the family, then one should search for needy people in the neighbourhood and help that person. In this manner, your help and charity will be a reward that will save for you in the Hereafter.
We make Du’a that Allah azza wajal gives us the strength to spend in His path and also gives us the strength to remember the Laws of Shari’ah in our activities. Aameen.