Download PDF: Hadeeth No. 3 & Sharah (Riyaadus Saaliheen).pdf
وَعَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ: قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ، لَاهِجْرَةَ بَعْدَ الفَتْحِ، وَلٰكِنْ جِهَادٌ وَّنِيَّةٌ، وَإِذَا اسْتُنْفِرْتُمْ فانْفِرُوْا۔مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
Hazrat ‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) is reported to have said: The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – said, “There is no emigration after the conquest (of Makkah) but only Jihad and intention (will continue). So if you are summoned to fight, go ahead.”
Imam Nawawi (may Allah shower mercy upon Him) said:
“This Hadeeth means that there is no more emigration from Makkah, for it has become Daarul Islaam (Islamic State).
The Definition of Hijrah (migration)
Allamah Meer Sayyid Shareef Jurjaani (may Allah sanctify his luminous secret) states whilst explaining the meaning of emigration:
ھِیَ تَرْکُ الْوَطْنِ الَّذِیْ بَیْنَ الْکُفَّارِ وَالْاِنْتِقَالُ اِلٰی دَارِ الْاِسْلَامِ
“Hijrah (emigration) is to forsake the land located in the midst of the territory of infidels and to relocate into an Islamic State.”
The Objective of “There Is No Emigration after the Conquest of Makkah”
Hazrat Allamah Badr Al-Deen ‘Aini (may Allah shower mercy on him) writes in ‘Umdatul qaari, “The objective of the statement ‘There Is No migration after the Conquest of Makkah’ is that it’s no longer compulsory or Fard to make Hijrah from Makkah Mukarramah but it’s obligatory (Waajib) to emigrate from the places where Islamic instructions are no more secured to practice.
(‘Umdatul qaari 10/79)
Imam Nawawi states that the emigration from a non-Islamic state to an Islamic state will continue to happen till Qiyamah. There are two citations regarding the said Hadeeth as follows:
1. Hijrah will not take place after the conquest of Makkah Mukarramah, for it has been transformed into an Islamic state, and Hijrah (Islamic emigration) takes place from a non-Islamic state; not from an Islamic state, and it is from amongst the miracles of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – that he has given the news of future events that Makkah Mukarramah will forever remain as an Islamic state.
2. The reward and excellence of emigrating from Makkah Mukarramah after the conquest of Makkah is not as same as it was prior to the conquest of Makkah; as Allah Almighty states:
لَا یَسْتَوِیۡ مِنۡکُمْ مَّنْ اَنۡفَقَ مِنۡ قَبْلِ الْفَتْحِ وَ قٰتَلَ ؕ اُولٰٓئِکَ اَعْظَمُ دَرَجَۃً مِّنَ الَّذِیۡنَ اَنۡفَقُوۡا مِنۡۢ بَعْدُ وَ قٰتَلُوۡا ؕ وَکُلًّا وَّعَدَ اللّٰہُ الْحُسْنٰی ؕ وَ اللّٰہُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُوۡنَ خَبِیۡرٌ ﴿۱۰﴾
Those of you who spent and fought before the victory of Mecca are not equal. They are greater in rank than those who spent and fought after victory. And to all has Allah already promised the reward of the paradise. And Allah is Aware of your deeds.
(Al-Hadeed 57, Verse 10)
(Sharah Muslim 5/123)
Wisdom behind Hijrah from Makkah Mukarramah
Imam Abu Abdillah Muhammad Ibn Ali Ibn Umar Tameemi (may Allah be pleased with him) states, “Hijrah was Fard (Compulsory) in the beginning of Islam so that the Muslims remain safe from the tyranny of infidels because of their influence in the city and be helpful to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – by keeping the infidels at a distance from him. Hijrah was no longer compulsory after Makkah Mukarramah was conquered, for the obstacle was removed from the Muslims, but it’s recommended to emigrate in order to seek nearness to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him- for paying him a visit and to perform Salah with Him.
(Ikmaal Al-Mu’allim 6/275)
Different Forms of Hijrah
The scholars have mentioned many forms of emigrations:
1. Hijrah to Ethiopia
2. Hijrah from Makkah Mukarramah to Madinah Munawwarah
3. Hijrah towards Syria
4. Hijrah of the people of Makkah who accepted Islam
5. Hijrah from things that are forbidden by Allah Almighty i.e. abstinence from them.
(Umdatul qari 10/79)
Three Emigrations that Began from Makkah Mukarramah
1. Emigration to Ethiopia
When the Sun of Islam rose in Makkah Mukarramah to brighten the world from its light the dark clouds of infidelity and polytheism emerged from every direction and tried their level best to block the shining rays of the perfect sun. The ill-mannered infidels used to oppress when any fortunate person embraced Islam. Islam-lovers used to endure all the torments with smile, but when their tyranny and cruelty crossed the limits and they made their life too difficult then the mercy unto the world, the luminous embodiment (peace be upon Him) commanded the Muslims to immigrate to Ethiopia. A caravan of eleven men and four women immigrated to Ethiopia in the month of Rajab during fifth year after the proclamation of Prophethood.
(Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d 1/159)
The name of Ethiopian king was As’hamah and his title was Najjaashi. He was Christian but he was also very just and kind and an apt scholar of heavenly revealed books; like, Torah and Bible etc.
(Seerate Mustafa 126)
When the infidels of Makkah Mukarramah came to know about it, they followed them so they could capture them but they had already departed on a boat. Ultimately, the infidels returned empty handed. This caravan of Muslims had landed peacefully on the land of Ethiopia and engaged in Allah’s worship.
(Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d 1/162)
A few days later, the news suddenly spread that the infidels of Makkah have become Muslim. Having heard this news some of them returned to Makkah Mukarramah but found out upon reaching here that the news was wrong. Hence, some returned to Ethiopia while some stayed in Makkah Mukarramah, hiding, but the infidels of Makkah succeeded to find them out and then ill-treated them even worse than before. The merciful Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – commanded the people to go to Ethiopia again. Hence, total 83 men and 18 women, including the ones that had returned from Ethiopia and some other oppressed Muslims immigrated to Ethiopia.
(Seerate Mustafa 127)
The Infidels of Makkah and Najjaashi
All the immigrants were so far peacefully living in Ethiopia. The well-being of Muslims was becoming unbearable for the infidels, hence, those tyrants sent ‘Amr Ibn Al-‘Aas and ‘Umaarah Ibn Waleed to Ethiopian king as their ambassadors.
(Sharah Mawahib 1/506)
They presented Najjashi gifts and said, prostrating before the king, “O our king! Few criminals of our families have escaped from Makkah Mukarramah and have settled in your country. Give them in our custody.” Hearing this, when Najashi, the king called the Muslims, Hazrat Ali’s brother, Hazrat Ja’far – may Allah be pleased with them – went forward representing the Muslims. He did not prostrate before the king but stood firm after greeting. When the courtiers reminded him, he said, “Our beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has forbidden us from prostrating before anyone else than Allah, therefore I cannot prostrate.” And then he gave a speech in Najashi’s court, “O king! We were involved in robberies and many other evil activities, and then Allah Almighty appointed a person from within our nation as His Messenger. We were already aware of his dignity, honour, truthfulness and honesty. The merciful Messenger commanded us to worship one and only God and forbade us from every kind of evil and tyrannical practices. We testified faith in the Messenger, and abandoning polytheism and idol-worshipping, we repented from all wrong-doings. This is our only crime upon which our nation has become thirsty for our blood and they oppressed us to such an extent that we were forced to seek shelter in your kingdom forsaking our motherland and started a peaceful living. They are now forcing us to go back to the same old darkness.”
Najjaashi in Islam
Najjaashi was thoroughly inspired by the faithful speech of Hazrat Ja’far – may Allah be pleased with him. Seeing this, ‘Amr Ibn Al-‘Aas, the ambassador of Makkan infidels said, using the last arrow in his quiver, “O king! They have such beliefs regarding your Prophet ‘Isa – peace be upon Him – which is totally contrary to your beliefs.” When Najjaashi inquired Hazrat Ja’far about it, he rendered Surah Maryam Vol. 16. Najashi was soft-hearted upon the recitation of Allah’s speech and tears rolled down his eyes. Hazrat Ja’far said, “This is what our Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has told us that Hazrat ‘Isa – peace be upon Him – was Allah’s servant and His Messenger and he was born from the womb of Hazrat Maryam, the virgin, without a father, as a sign of Allah’s supremacy.”
Najjaashi heard this entire conversation very attentively and said, “Indeed both the holy Bible and the holy Quran are two lights of the very sun of guidance and undoubtedly Hazrat ‘Isa – peace be upon Him – is Allah’s servant and His Messenger, and I testify that indeed Hazrat Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is the very Messenger of Allah whose glad tidings Hazrat ‘Isa – peace be upon Him – gave in the holy Bible, and had I not been obligated to the throne in compliance with the principals of kingdom I would go to Makkah Mukarramah by myself and serve the blessed shoes of the final Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and wash his holy feet.”
Listening to the king’s speech few envious Christians became angry but Najjaashi had quietened them all by rebuking in an authoritative manner and returned the gifts of Makkan infidels too. He summoned to throw the ambassadors of Makkan infidels out of the court and told the Muslims to stay peacefully wherever they wanted in his kingdom, and that no one will harm them.
(Sharah Mawahib 1/506, Musnad Ahmad 2/187)
Our predecessors have endured immense difficulties for the sake of Islam and saved the religion; Allah Almighty therefore granted them relief. He inspired the heart of the king Najjaashi with the love for Islam and for the final Messenger – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him. Hence, expressing the truth, he boldly described his emotions in the court. Although many a people of his court became angry but he did not care about anyone, and then Allah Almighty blessed him with the wealth of Imaan. Though he could not visit the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – but his heart was drowned in his remembrance. The knower of unseen and the merciful Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – performed his funeral Salah in Madinah Munawwarah and prayed for his forgiveness. Hence, it’s mentioned in ‘Umdatul qari, that Hazrat Ibn Abbaas states:
“The Janazah of Najjaashi was made available before the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him. The holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) saw him and performed his Janazah Salah.”
(Umdatul qari 6/164)
2. From Makkah Mukarramah to Madinah Munawwarah
When some individuals from the tribes of Banu Khazraj and Banu Aus gave the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – invitation to arrive Madinah Munawwarah the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – gave the companions general permission that they should immigrate to Madinah Munawwarah forsaking Makkah Mukarramah. Hence, firstly, Hazrat Abu Salimah immigrated and thereafter, the other companions followed one after the other. When the infidels of Quraish were informed about it they began to put a stop to it but it continued secretly until a large number of companions had already left for Madinah Munawwarah. The only people left in Makkah were either in prison of Makkan infidels or helpless due to their deficiency. The holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had not yet received the command of emigration so he, and on his command, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq and Hazrat Ali – may Allah be pleased with them – stayed in Makkah Mukarramah.
(Seerah Ibn Hishaam 191)
When the infidels saw that the Muslims now have their helpers outside Makkah Mukarramah as well and the Ansaar have taken the immigrants in their custody, they feared that the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – may also leave for Madinah Munawwarah and then attack on us with the army of His followers. Hence, they organised a conference at “Darul Nadwah” in order to cease the doors of this threat. There was no so-called wise or authoritative person of Makkah that did not participate in it, especially the leaders like Abu Sufyaan, Abu Jahl, ‘Atabah, Jubair Ibn Mut’im, Nadhr Ibn Haarith, Abul Bakhtari, Zam’ah Ibn Aswad, Hakeem Ibn Hizaam and Umayyah Ibn Khalaf were fronting. The cursed satan had also arrived in the form of an old man enveloped in a sheet. When he was asked about his name and lineage, he said, “I am a “Sheikh of Najd” and I have participated here to give you my advice.” The cursed devil was thus included within. When the conference started, Abul Bakhtari said, “You should capture Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – in a room, tie his hands and feet, and then supply him food and water from a hole.” “The Sheikh of Najd” (the satan) said, “It’s not a good idea. By Lord! His faithful companions will definitely find out and free him even if it means by endangering their own lives in case if you capture him.” Abul Aswad, Rabee’ah Ibn Umar and ‘Aamiri said, “We should banish Him from Makkah Mukarramah so that he stays in some other city, and in this way, we will get rid of his Quran recitation and the propagation of Islam.” “Sheikh of Najd” (the satan) said in a crude manner, “To hell with this idea of yours! If you take him out of the city he will turn all the tribes of Arabia into His followers and then preparing a massive army, he will plan an attack on you in such a way that you will be helpless to defend yourselves and then stay here as his slaves, so don’t even talk about exiling him.” And then finally Abu Jahl, the cursed said, “In my opinion, one famous warrior from each tribe must take his stand with a sword, and plan a consensual attack in order to murder Muhammad (may Allah send peace and blessings upon him); in this way, the blame of the murder will become the responsibility of all tribes equally and the family of Banu Haashim will obviously become unable to fight with all the tribes in order to take retaliation for this murder. They will definitely agree upon taking the blood-money and collectively, we all will pay the amount of blood-money easily.” Listening to this deadly conspiracy of Abu Jahl, Sheikh of Najd jumped out of joy and said, “Indeed! This is the best of plans, and there is no other suggestion worthier than this.”
However, everyone accepted this evil suggestion with a consensual agreement and returned to their homes with this poisonous intention. Allah Almighty has mentioned this incident in the holy Quran as follows:
وَاِذْ یَمْکُرُ بِکَ الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡا لِیُثْبِتُوۡکَ اَوْ یَقْتُلُوۡکَ اَوْ یُخْرِجُوۡکَ ؕ وَیَمْکُرُوۡنَ وَیَمْکُرُ اللّٰہُ ؕ وَاللّٰہُ خَیۡرُ الْمٰکِرِیۡنَ ﴿۳۰﴾
And (O beloved Prophet)! Remember, when the infidels were plotting against you, to confine you or to slay you or to drive you forth. And they were plotting their own and Allah was devising His Own and Allah’s devise is the best.
(Al-Anfaal 8, Verse 30)
What was Allah’s devise? Below you shall observe as to how He protected His beloved Messenger – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and how He, the absolute and all Powerful Almighty Lord, dissolved the deadly conspiracy of the infidels into thin air.
(Seerah Ibn Hishaam 191-193)
Emigration of the Master of Both Worlds
The moment the infidels of Makkah returned to their homes having concluded their conference, Hazrat Jibra’eel – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – descended with the command of Allah, Lord of the universe, “O Allah’s Messenger! Tonight you must not sleep in your bed but immigrate to Madinah Munawwarah.” Hence, the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – went to “His friend in cave”, Hazrat Abu Bakr’s house and said, “Move the people of your house aside; I need to have a meeting with you.” “May my parents be sacrificed for you, O Allah’s Messenger! There is no one else save your wife ‘Aishah” said Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq. Allah’s Messenger – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stated, “Allah Almighty has granted me the permission to immigrate, O Abu Bakr.” Hazrat Siddeq Akbar then requested, “May my parents be sacrificed for you, O Allah’s Messenger! Grant me also the honour of accompanying you in the journey.” He – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – accepted his request. Hazrat Abu Bakr has been preparing his two she-camels for four months by feeding them acacia-leaves so that this transportation may be useful at the time of emigration. He requested, “Please accept one of these camels, O Allah’s Messenger.” “I do, but I shall pay its price” said the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him. Hazrat Abu Bakr accepted it in submission to the holy command of the Messenger – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him. Since, Hazrat ‘Aishah was still a teenager thus, her elder sister Hazrat Asma Bint Abi Bakr – may Allah be pleased with them – made preparation for the travelling needs, and tearing the girdle of her waist into two pieces she tied the food-bag with one and the tip of water-skin with the other. It was so worthy of honour on the basis of which, she is remembered with the respectful epithet of “Dhaat Al-Nataaqatain” (The personality of the two girdles). The holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had hired an expert of map-reading, an infidel, namely Abdullah Ibn Uraiqat, gave him the two camels and told him to approach the cave of Thaur after three nights. The holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – returned to his blessed house after having made all these arrangements.
Siege of the Prophetic Abode
The infidels of Makkah besieged the house of the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – according to their plan and waited for Him to fall asleep in order to conduct the murdering attack. There was no one else at his house besides Hazrat Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – did not know that they had besieged His house with the intention of murder. Although they were His worst enemies but they had so much faith in His trustworthiness and honesty that they used to keep their belongings in his trust. There were many things kept in his trust at that time too. He instructed Hazrat Ali, “You should sleep in my bed covering my green sheet and come to Madinah Munawwarah after returning the things to their owners.” Although it was a very sensitive and dangerous moment but he had complete faith in his statement, “come to Madinah Munawwarah after returning the things to their owners” that he will remain alive and will definitely reach Madinah Munawwarah. Hence, he slept very peacefully till morning in the holy Prophet’s – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – bed. Being proud of this blessed opportunity Hazrat Ali stated in his couplets:
وَقَیْتُ نَفْسِیْ خَیْرَ مَنْ وَطِئَ الثَّرٰی وَمَنْ طَاقَ بِالْبَیْتِ الْعَتِیْقِ وَبِالْحَجَرِ
رَسُوْلُ اِلٰہٍ خَافَ اَنْ یَّمْکُرُوْا بِہٖ فَنَجَّاہُ ذُوْ الطَّوْلِ الْاِلٰہُ مِنَ الْمَکْرِ
I protected the life that is much better than the ones’ walking on earth and making the Tawaaf of Ka’bah and kissing Hajar Aswad (the blessed black stone from Paradise) by endangering my life.
The Messenger of Allah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – feared the conspiracy of the infidels of Makkah but Allah the Merciful kept Him safe from their conspiracy.
(Sharah Zarqaani ‘Ala Al-Mawaahib 2/95-96)
The holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – made Hazrat Ali sleep and then taking a handful of dust he recited the first few verses of Yaseen Shareef, came out and then throwing the dust over their heads, he safely walked past the group of infidels. Neither anyone saw Him nor did they remember anything. Another man that was not from amongst the group, informed them that (Hazrat) Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had already departed from here spraying sand over your heads. When they felt, they realised that their heads were really soiled with sand particles.
(Tabqaat Ibn Sa’d 1/176)
The merciful Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – left his house and stood by the place called “Harwazah” and looking sadly at Ka’bah Mu’azzamah he said, “O the city of Makkah! You are beloved to me more than the entire world. Had I not been forced to go from here I would not have left.”
(Ibn Majah 3/518)
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq – may Allah be pleased with Him – also came to the same place and carried the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – on his shoulders so that his blessed feet may not get hurt and the Makkan infidels may not follow him by his footprints. Walking through the sharp bushes and the hills of sharp stones he ultimately reached the cave of Thaur the very night.
(Madaarij Al-Nubuwwah 2/58)
He – may Allah be pleased with him – alone entered the cave and cleaned it thoroughly and tearing the clothes he was wearing, he blocked all the holes of the cave, and then the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – entered the cave. Placing his head onto the lap of Hazrat Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – he fell asleep. Hazrat Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – had blocked one hole with his heel. A snaked repeatedly bit his foot but the faithful Hazrat Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – did not remove his foot lest should it disturb the sleep of the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – but a few drops of tears rolled down and fell on his glowing cheeks due to the intensity of his pain which caused Him to wake up. Seeing his friend crying he restlessly asked, “What happened, Abu Bakr?” He replied, “A snake has bitten me, O Allah’s Messenger.” The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – applied his saliva on the wound which took away all the pain. The holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stayed in the cave for three nights.
(Sharah Zarqaani Ala Al-Mawaahib 2/121-127)
Every night Hazrat Abdullah, son of Hazrat Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – slept at the entrance of the cave and would leave for Makkah early in the morning in order to find out about the conspiracy of the Quraish. He reported to the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – in the evenings. Hazrat Abu Bakr’s – may Allah be pleased with him – slave Hazrat Aamir Ibn Fuhairah – may Allah be pleased with him – used to bring the goats from the field and the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and Hazrat Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – used to drink the goat-milk.
(Sharah Zarqaani Ala Al-Mawaahib 2/127-128)
When the infidels, that had besieged the house of the Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – entered his house they saw Hazrat Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – on his bed while the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was already at the cave of Thaur; they spared him after interrogating him for a while. The next, they conducted a raid within Makkah Mukarramah and surrounding areas. Ultimately, they reached near the cave of Thaur but Allah Almighty had arranged such a protection that a spider had knitted its web at the entrance of the cave and the pigeon had laid eggs on one side. Seeing this, the infidels of Makkah started talking among themselves that, had there been anyone inside neither the spider would make its web at the entrance nor would the pigeon lay its eggs here. Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq became restless after hearing their footfall and said, “O the Messenger of Allah! Now, the enemies are so close to us that they will see us only if they look towards their feet.” He said:
لَا تَحْزَنْ اِنَّ اللہَ مَعَنَا
‘Grieve not, no doubt Allah is with us.’
(Verse 40, Al-Taubah 9)
Allah Almighty then descended tranquillity upon the heart of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (may Allah be pleased with him) and he became fearless. It was for this sacrifice of his that Hazrat Hassaan Ibn Thaabit Ansaari (may Allah be pleased with him) mentioned it in the form of poetry as follows:
وَ ثَانِیْ اثْنَیْنِ فِیْ الْغَارِ الْمُنِیْفِ وَقَدْ طَافَ الْعَدُوُّ بِہٖ اِذْ صَاعَدَ الْجَبَلَا
کَانَ حِبَّ رَسُوْلِ اللّٰہِ قَدْ عَلِمُوْا مِنَ الْخَلَائِقِ لَمْ یَعْدِلْ بِہٖ بَدَلَا
And the second from the two (Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq [may Allah be pleased with him]) was resting in a cave located at the height of the mountain while the enemy was roaming around
He (Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq [may Allah be
pleased with him]) was the beloved of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon Him), for the entire world knows that He did not consider anyone equal to him.
(Sharah Al-Mawaahib 2/110, 114-115, 122, 124)
However, the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – came out of the cave on Monday, the 1st of Rabee’ Al-Awwal. Abdullah Ibn Uraiqat was present at the cave with the camels as per his promise. The holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – sat on one and Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (may Allah be pleased with him) and Hazrat Aamir Ibn Fuhairah (may Allah be pleased with him) sat on the other camel while Abdullah Ibn Uraiqat was fronting afoot and then diverting from the path, he took an unknown pathway across the seashore. The infidels of Makkah had made an announcement that whoso will capture and bring Muhammad (peace be upon Him) will be earn the prize of 100 camels. There was an elderly woman, namely Umm Ma’bad ‘Aatikah Bint Khalid Khuza’iyah, at a place called Qudaid, who used to provide the travellers with food and water sitting in her camp. When the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – wanted to purchase some foodstuff from her she did not have anything besides a fragile goat. The holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – asked her, “Does she give milk?” Umm Ma’bad replied, “No.” “Could I take out her milk if you allow me?” asked the holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him. When she agreed, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – caressed her breasts reading ﷽ i.e. In the name of Allah the Compassionate the Merciful, and then her breasts produced so much milk that everyone got satisfied with it and Umm Ma’bad’s utensils were also filled. Umm Ma’bad and her husband both became Muslim by the blessings of this miracle.
(Sharah Zarqaani Alal Mawaahib 2/130-131, 134)
Umm Ma’bad’s (may Allah be pleased with her) goat lived for 18 years and gave milk regularly by the blessing of his holy hands. During the caliphate of the second caliph Hazrat Umar Farooq (may Allah be pleased with him) when there was extreme drought known as the year ‘Aamur Rimaad, and a lot of animals died and the milk of all the animals dried up, even then this goat used to regularly produce milk in the morning and evening.
(Madarij Al-Nubuwwah 2/61)
Allah Almighty has blessed our beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – with such miracles that the goat which milk had dried up became so blessed by one touch of his hands that her milk never dried for as long she lived. May Allah Almighty grant us the perfect Imaan through the blessings of those blessed hands and may He enable us to endure the difficulties we may face in the path of Islam and bless us with the eternal treasure of His pleasure. May He revive our hearts at the time when people’s hearts will be dead and keep our Imaan evergreen.
Aameen Bijaahin Nabiyyil Ameen – SallAllahu Ta’ala ‘Alaihi Wa Aalihi WaSallam.
Legs of the Horse Sunken Into the Ground:
When the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – left the house of Sayyidatuna Umm Ma’bad – may Allah be pleased with her – a horse rider, by the name of Suraaqah Ibn Maalik Ibn Ju’shum, was seen following him riding on a speedy horse. When he came closer and attempted to attack, the horse got obstructed and he fell off the horse but since, the prize of camels was not something ordinary, he attempted a second attack in greed of the prize and this time, the legs of his horse sank up to its knees into the rocky ground. Bewildered with this miracle Suraaqah began to shiver out of fear and horror and screamed his lungs out. The heart of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was an ocean of mercy and affection and he felt sorry at the cries of Suraaqah and then he made Du’a and the ground let go of the horse’s legs.
Suraaqah begged him to let him go in peace and ultimately, on the Holy Prophet’s – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – command, Hazrat Sayyiduna ‘Aamir ibn Fuhairah – may Allah be pleased with him – wrote for him the confirmation of peace which Suraaqah put in his quiver and then he offered some travel goods to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – which he refused to accept.
At last, Suraaqah returned and whoever asked him about the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – on his way back he would send them back saying, “But (Hazrat) Muhammad (may Allah send peace and blessings upon him) did not go this this way.”
(Bukhari Vol. 2, p. 593 Hadeeth No. 3906)
(Zarqaani ‘Alal Mawaahib Vol. 2, p. 143)
(Madaarij Al-Nubuwwah Vol. 2, p. 62)
Although Suraaqah had not embrace Islam yet but the greatness of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and truthfulness of Islam was instilled in his heart. When the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stayed in Je’irraanah after the conquest of Makkah and the battle of Taaif and Hunain then Suraaqah came in his court and embraced Islam with a large group of his tribe.
(Madaarij Al-Nubuwwah Vol. 2, p. 62)
The Bangles of Kisra in the Hand of Hazrat Suraaqah
When Hazrat Suraaqah came after the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – he had foretold him:
کَیْفَ بِکَ اِذَا لُبِسْتَ سِوَارَیْ کِسْرٰی
How about the time when you will be wearing both the bangles of Kisra?
Years after this prediction, when Iran was conquered in the caliphate of Hazrat Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – and the bangles of Kisra were brought to him then, in order to fulfil his promise, he gave them to Hazrat Suraaqah Ibn Maalik – may Allah be pleased with him – to wear, saying:
“Say, ‘Allah is the greatest, all praises belong to him, who took away these bangles from Kisra, the king of Persia and gave them to Suraaqah, a bedoin’.”
Hazrat Suraaqah – may Allah be pleased with him – passed away during the caliphate of Hazrat ‘Uthmaan Al-Ghani – may Allah be pleased with him.
(Sharah Zarqaani ‘Alal Mawaahib Vol. 2, p. 145)
The Madani March
As the Merciful Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – reached closer to Madinah Munawwarah Buraidah Aslami attempted to capture him, in greed of prize the Quraish had announced, and asked him, “Who are you?”
“I am Muhammad Ibn Abdillah and Allah’s Messenger” replied the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him.
His speech had such an impact on his heart that he immediately recited the Kalimah Shahaadah (The testimony of Islam) and embraced Islam, and then he humbly suggested to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – that his entry into Madinah Munawwarah should be with a flag. He took off his turban and hooked it onto his spear and marched at the forefront of the caravan to Madinah Munawwarah waving the flag. He then asked, “Where are you going to stay?”
“I will reside where my camel will go and sit down, for she is appointed by Allah Almighty” replied the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him.
(Madaarij Al-Nubuwwah Vol. 2, p. 62)
It is Sunnah to Accept a Present if the Shariah Does Not Condemn It
In this journey, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – met his companions that brought the business goods from Syria. They offered him and Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him and his companions – some nice clothes as gift which the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – accepted.
(Madaarij Al-Nubuwwah Vol. 2, p. 63)
The Blessed Arrival of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him
Since the news of his arrival had already reached the ears of the people of Madinah Munawwarah and the news of his arrival was the talk of town even on the lips of women and children and they were restless to see his blessed face and were eager to welcome him as soon as he enters, they would wait the whole day and when the heat became unbearable they would return to their houses and wait impatiently. One day, when the people of Madinah Munawwarah waited and returned to their houses and suddenly a jew saw the caravan of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – approaching the city, he called out loud, “O the people of Madinah! The caravan you were anticipating has finally arrived.”
Hearing the announcement all the Ansaar took their weapons and left their houses to welcome him with the slogans of Takbeer resounding in the entire city.
(Madaarij Al-Nubuwwah Vol. 2, p. 63)
The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – arrived at the house of Hazrat Sayyiduna Kulthoom Ibn Hidm – may Allah be pleased with him, a member of the tribe ‘Amr Ibn ‘Auf in the month of Rabee’ Al-Awwal Shareef. This house was at 3 miles distance from Madinah Shareef where today Masjid Al-Qoba is situated. The people of the family began to chant the slogan of Allahu Akbar at reception. The Ansaar would arrive from all venues and meet him with joy sending Salaat and Salaam upon him.
Most of the Sahaba that had already migrated were residing there. Hazrat Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – also left Makkah Mukarramah the third day after having distributed the trust of all its deserving people as instructed by RasoolAllah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and stayed there while Hazrat Kulthoom Ibn Hidm and his family busied themselves at the service of the guests all day and night.
(Seerate Mustafa p. 171)
Hazrat Sayyiduna Anas Ibn Maalik – may Allah be pleased with him – stated:
“When the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – arrived the houses and their surroundings became illuminated as if the sun had risen, similarly, when he departed the world became dark as it becomes dark at the sunset.”
(Madaarij Al-Nubuwwah Vol. 2, p. 63)
وہ تیری تجلی دل نشیں کہ جھلک رہے ہیں فلک زمیں
تیرے صدقے مہِ مبیں میری رات کیوں ابھی تار ہے
Your manifestation is so attractive due to which the sky and earth are bright
May I be ransomed on you O the clear moon, why then my night is still dark?
May Allah Almighty grant us the divine opportunity to enter the paradise following behind the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and this wish of our heart be fulfilled! For when
باغ جنت میں محمد ﷺ مسکراتے جائیں گے
پھول رحمت کے جھڑیں گے ہم اٹھاتے جائیں گے
Hazrat Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – will enter the gardens of paradise with smile
The flowers of mercy will shower and we will be picking them
خلدمیں ہوگا ہمارا داخلہ اس شان سے
یا رسول اللہ کا نعرہ لگاتے جائیں گے
Our entry in paradise will be with this honour that
We will be chanting the slogan of “Ya RasoolAllah!”
The Emigration to Occur From Makkah Mukarramah to Syria
Closer to Qiyaamah, prior to the emergence of trials, a Hijrah (emigration) will take place from Makkah Mukarramah to Syria which can be briefly described in this manner:
“When there will be kufr dominant everywhere in the world prior to Qiyaamah, the Abdaals (high ranking Walies that are appointed to manage the worldly affairs; such as, sustenance, rain etc.) and all the other walies will emigrate and gather in Haramain Shareefain (Makkah Mukarramah and Madinah Munawwarah), for Islam will only be there while the rest of the world will have become home to kufr. It will be the month of Ramadan and the Abdaals will be making Tawaaf of the Holy Ka’bah, and Imam Mahdi will also be there. The Walies will recognise him and will request to pledge allegiance on his hands but he will firstly refuse and then suddenly, a voice will come from unseen:
ھٰذَا خَلِیْفَۃُ اللّٰہِ الْمَھْدِیْ فَاسْتَمِعُوْا لَہٗ وَاَطِیْعُوْہُ
He is Mahdi, Allah’s Khaleefah, so listen to him and follow him.
Thus, all the people will pledge allegiance on his blessed hands and then he will take all the people with him to Syria.”
(Bahaare Sharee’at Vol. 1, p. 124)
7 Pearls Derived from the Hadeeth and its Interpretation:
1. Makkah Mukarramah will never become a non-Muslim state till the day of Qiyaamah neither will Hijrah be made Fard from there.
2. Hijrah is Fard from Daarul Harb (Non-Muslim state) to Daarul Islam (Islamic state) but one will be excused if he is really helpless. There is no command which mentions Hijrah from Daarul Islam to Daarul Harb. If one is restrained from establishing the essential worships of Islam due to some issue then it is obligatory to relocate to another place and if one is restrained in a house then he must change the house, if the problem occurs in a district then one must change the district and relocate in another area.
(Fatawa Razvia Vol. 14, p. 102)
3. A true believer will always speak the truth whether he is among the ordinary laymen or in the court of a king, as the companion Hazrat Sayyiduna Ja’far – may Allah be pleased with him – spoke the truth in front of the king Najjaashi without fear.
4. Hazrat Sayyiduna Najjaashi – may Allah be pleased with him – had embraced Islam but he did not have an opportunity to be in the company of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him.
5. One who is in the protection of Allah Almighty even the entire world cannot harm him collectively. The infidels of Makkah Mukarramah attempted their level best to murder the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – but they could not even harm a hair on his blessed body.
فانوس بن کے جس کی حفاظت ہوا کرے
وہ شمع کیا بجھے جسے روشن خدا کرے
If the wind itself acts as a screen in order to protect the lamp from setting off
Then how can the lamp whom Allah Almighty protects will set off?
6. Allah Almighty is very Merciful and He grants his chosen servants a lot of powers, kingdom of earth and the sky, ocean and land and He makes the universe obey them. The legs of Hazrat Suraaqah’s horse sank into the rocky ground by the Du’a of the final Messenger – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and then released, the snake bite on Hazrat Abu Bakr’s – may Allah be pleased with him – foot got cured immediately and the dried breasts of the goat became full of milk and never got dried as long as she lived.
7. After hardship comes ease. The Sahaba remained patient and grateful after enduring great sacrifices for the sake of Islam and then Allah Almighty sanctified their honor in the world and in the hereafter, and the areas where they were forced to forsake, they entered its premises victoriously.