Download PDF: The Martyrdom of Sayyiduna Imam Husain Mentioned in the Ahadeeth.pdf

Hazrat Mujaddid Muhaddith Abdul Haq t has recorded the following Ahadeeth regarding the martyrdom of Sayyiduna Imam Husain t in his famous ‘Maa Thabata Bis Sunnah”:

1. It is narrated by Ameerul Mu’mineen Sayyiduna ‘Ali Murtza t that the Messenger of Allah r stated:

أخَبَرَنِىْ جِبْرِيْلُ أنَّ حُسَيْنًا يُقْتَلُ بِشَاطِئِ الْفُرَاتِ

“Jibreel informed me that Husain will be martyred at the bank of Furaat[1].”

This Hadeeth is narrated by Allamah Ibn Sa’d.[2]

2. Ummul Mu’mineed Sayyidah ‘Ayesha RadiyAllahu Anha reported to have said, “The Messenger of Allah r stated:

أخْبَرَنِىْ جِبْرِيْلُ أنَّ ابْنِىَ الْحُسَيْنَ يُقْتَلُ بَعْدِىْ بِأرْضِ الطَّفِّ وَجَاءَنِىْ بِهٰذِہٖ التُّرْبَةِ وَأخْبَرَنِىْ أنَّ فِيْهَا مَضْجِعُه

“Jibreel informed me that my son Husain will be martyred at the plain of Tuff after me. Hence, this sand is brought to me and I am told that it is the place of his burial’.”

This Hadeeth is narrated by Allamah Ibn Sa’d and Imam Tabrani narrated in “Kabeer”.[3]

3. Hazrat Ummul Fadl Bint Al-Haarith RadiyAllahu Anha is reported to have said, “The Messenger of Allah r stated:

أنَّ أمَّتِيْ سَتَقْتُلُ ابْنِيْ هٰذَا وَ أتَاِنْي بِتُرْبَةٍ مِّنْ تُرْبَتِه حَمَرَآءَ

‘Soon, my Ummah will slay this son of mine. Hence, the red sand of his burial-place is brought to me’.”

Imam Abu Dawood, and Imam Haakim has narrated in his Mustadrak.[4]

4. Hazrat Umme Salimah RadiyAllahu Anha is reported to have said, “The Messenger of Allah r stated:

أَخْبَرَنِي جِبْرِيلُ، أَنَّ هَذَا يُقْتَلُ بِأَرْضِ الْعِرَاقِ لِلْحُسَيْنِ ، فَقُلْتُ : يَا جِبْرِيلُ ، أَرِنِي تُرْبَةَ الأَرْضِ الَّتِي يُقْتَلُ فِيهَا، فَجَاءَ، فَهٰذِه تُرْبَتُهَا.

‘Jibreel has informed me that this son of mine will be martyred at the land of Iraq. I asked Jibreel to show me the sand of the battlefield, and he brought me the sand’.”[5]

إنَّ ابْنِيْ هٰذَا – يَعْنِيْ الْحُسَيْنَ – يُقْتَلُ بِأرْضٍ مِّنْ أرْضٍ الْعِرَاقِ يُقَالُ لَهَا كَرْبَلَآءُ، فَمَنْ شَهِدَ ذٰلِكَ مِنْهُمْ فَلْيَنْصُرْهُ.

Allamah Ibn Sa’d commented, “The objective of ‘This son of mine’ is Sayyiduna Imam Husain t who will be martyred in the land of Iraq which is called ‘Karbala’. Whoso is present at that time must assist him.”[6]

5. Hazrat Umme Salimah RadiyAllahu Anha reported:

إنَّ جِبْرِيْلَ أخْبَرَنِىْ أنَّ ابْنِىْ هٰذَا يَعْنِىْ الْحُسَيْنَ يُقْتَلُ وَأنَّه اشْتَدَّ غَضْبَ الله عَلٰى مَنْ يَّقْتُلْه

“Jibreel informed me that my son will be martyred and Allah’s extreme anger is upon the one who will kill him.”

It’s the narration of Ibn ‘Asaakir.[7]

6. The following Hadeeth is recorded in “Jame’ Al-Usool” by Hazrat Salma RadiyAllahu Anha an Ansari woman, she said:

سَلْمٰى – اِمْرَأةٌ مِّنْ الْأنْصَارِ – : – رَضِيَ الله عَنْهَا – قَالَتْ : دَخَلْتُ عَلٰى أمِّ سَلِمَةَ وَهِيَ تَبْكِيْ ، فَقُلْتُ : مَا يُبْكِيْكِ؟ قَالَتْ : رَأيْتُ الْآنَ رَسُوْلَ الله -صَلَّى الله عَلَيْه وَسَلَّمَ- – تَعْنِيْ فِيْ الْمَنَامِ- وَعَلٰى رَأسَه وَلَحْيَتِه التُّرَابُ وَهُوَ يَبْكِيْ ، فَقُلْتُ : مَا لَكَ يَا َرَسُوْلَ الله ؟ فَقَالَ : شَهِدْتُ قَتْلَ الْحُسَيْنِ آنِفًا.أخْرَجَه التِّرْمِذِيُّ.

“When I visited Hazrat Umme Salimah she was crying. When I asked, she replied, ‘I just dreamt of Allah’s Messenger r and saw that the hair of his head and beard were covered in dust and He too was crying. When I asked, ‘O Allah’s Messenger, what is the matter?’ ‘I just returned from the land of Husain’s martyrdom’ He replied’.”

Imam Tirmidhi has recorded this Hadeeth.[8]

7. In the Hadeeth of Bukhari narrated by Hazrat Anas t he said:

أنَسُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ – رَضِيَ الله عَنْه – قَالَ : «أُتِيَ عُبَيْدُ الله بْنُ زِيَادٍ بِرَأسِ الْحُسَيْنِ ، فَجُعِلَ فِيْ طَسْتٍ ، فَجَعَلَ يَنْكُتُ ، وَقَالَ فِيْ حُسْنِه شَيْئًا ، قَالَ أنَسٌ : فَقُلْتُ : وَالله، إنَّه كَانَ أشْبَهُهُمْ بِرَسُوْلِ الله -صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ- وَكَانَ مَخْضُوْبًا بِالْوَسْمَةِ».

“When the head of Imam Husain t was brought to Ubaidullah Ibn Ziyaad (The governor of Kufah) on a tray. He began to poke it with a stick and he said something about Imam Husain’s beauty t.” Hazrat Anas t said, “By Allah! He looked similar to the Nabi r although his hair were dyed with black dye.”[9]

A similar narration is also recorded by Imam Tirmidhi.[10]

8. It’s narrated by Hazrat ‘Umaarah Ibn ‘Umair, he said:

عُمَارَةُ بْنُ عُمَيْرٍ – رَحِمَه الله – قَالَ : «لَمَّا جِيْءَ بِرَأسِ عُبَيْدِ الله ابْنِ زِيَادٍ وَأصْحَابِه نُضِدَتْ فِيْ الْمَسْجِدِ فِيْ الرَّحْبَةِ، فَانْتَهَيْتُ إلَيْهِمْ وَهُمْ يَقُوْلُوْنَ : قَدْ جَاءَتْ ، قَدْ جَاءَتْ، فَإذَا حَيَّةٌ قَدْ جَاءَتْ تُخَلِّلُ الرُّؤوْسَ ، حَتّٰى دَخَلَتْ فِيْ مَنْخَرِ عُبَيْدِالله بْنِ زِيَادٍ ، فَمَكَثَتْ هُنَيْهَة ، ثُمَّ خَرَجَتْ فَذَهَبَتْ حَتّٰى تَغَيَّبَتْ ، ثُمَّ قَالُوْا : قَدْ جَاءَتْ قَدْ جَاءَتْ ، فَفَعَلَتْ ذٰلِكَ مَرَّتَيْنِ أوْ ثَلَاثًا».أخْرَجَه التِّرْمِذِيُّ.

“When the heads of Ubaidullah Ibn Ziyaad and his companions were beheaded and brought, I intended to go towards the yard of Masjid, and well, I made it. People suddenly began to scream, “There it comes, there it comes!” Then I saw a big snake appearing from the crowd and entered Ibn Ziyaad’s head and came out through his nostril and then it disappeared. After a while it appeared again or it came for the third time also and repeated what it had previously done.”

Imam Tirmidhi mentioned this Hadeeth[11], and Imam Suyooti has recorded it in Tareekh Al-Khulafa.

9. Imam Baihaqi narrated the following Hadeeth in “Dalaa’il”from Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbaas t:

أخْبَرَنَا أبُوْ الْحَسَنِ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أحْمَدَ بْنِ عَبْدَانَ ، أخْبَرَنَا أحْمَدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدُ الصَّفَّارِ قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا بَشَرُبْنُ مُوْسٰى الْأسَدِيْ ، أخْبَرَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ مُوْسٰى الْأشْيَبُ ، أخْبَرَنَا حَمَّادٌ ، عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ أبِيْ عُمَارٍ ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ : رَأيْتُ رَسُوْلَ الله صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِيْمَا يَرَى النَّائِم نِصْفَ النَّهَارِ ، أشْعَثُ أغْبَرُ، فِيْ يَدِه قَارُوْرَۃٌ فِيْهَا دَمٌ ؛ فَقُلْتُ بِأبِيْ أنْتَ يَا رَسُوْلَ الله ، مَا هٰذِہٖ ؟ قَالَ : « هٰذَا دَمُ الْحُسَيْنِ وَأصْحَابِه ، لَمْ أزَلْ ألْتَقِطْه مُنْذُ الْيَوْمِ » . قَالَ : فَأحْصَوْا ذٰلِكَ الْيَوْمَ ، فَوَجَدَ قَدْ قُتِلَ ذٰلِكَ الْيَوْمَ

“I saw the Prophet r in the afternoon while his hair and beard were covered with dust and there is a bottle in his hand which contains blood. I said, O Allah’s Messenger, may my father be ransomed upon you, what is this? He replied, “It’s the blood of Husain and his Companions, and I have been collecting them since a certain day.” (The Sahabi said) “If one were to estimate that day, it was the exact date of Imam Husain’s martyrdom.”[12]