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شہر یارِ اِرم تاجدارِ حرم

نوبہارِ شفاعت پہ لاکھوں سلام

Shahr Yaare Iram Taajdaare Haram

Naubahaare Shafaa’at Pe Laakhon Salaam

The Master of paradise, the crown of Ka’bah

Millions of peace be upon the fresh spring of intercession

Lexicography:

Shahr Yaare Iram: The Master of paradise

Taajdaar: The possessor of crown

Haram: Ka’bah

Naubahaar: Fresh spring

Shafa’at: Intercession

Alahazrat – may Allah be pleased with him – has mentioned three great and unique attributes of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him:

1. The Master of paradise

2. Ka’bah’s Ka’bah

3. His intercession

Shahr Yaare Iram:

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Abbaas – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated that Ridwaan (the gate-keeper) of Jannah will address the people on the Day of Judgment as follows:

اِنَّ اللّٰہَ اَمَرَنِیْ اَنْ اَرْفَعَ مَفَاتِیْحَ الْجَنَّۃِ اِلٰی مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ

Allah Almighty has commanded me to hand over the keys of paradise to Hazrat Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him

(Madaarij Al-Nubuwwah Vol. 1, 266)

It is also narrated from him that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – states:

“I am the Leader of all the children of Adam in the world and in the hereafter but there is no pride. My Ummah and I will be first to be resurrected but there is no pride. The flag of praise will be in my hand on the Day of Judgment but there is no pride, and Hazrat Adam and other Prophets will be under it, and I will be holding the keys of paradise in my possession on the Day of Judgment but there is no pride.”

(Dalaail Al-Nubuwwah Li Abi Nu’aim Vol. 1, p. 65)

Hazrat Anas Ibn Maalik – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stated:

“I will be the first one to appear in Qiyaamah, and when people will come in the forms of caravans I will be their leader, and when they will remain quiet I will guide them, and when they will be stranded I will intercede for them, and when they are horrified I will give them glad tidings.

لِوَاءُ الْکَرَامَۃِ وَمَفَاتِیْحُ الْجَنَّۃِ وَلِوَاءُ الْحَمْدِ یَوْمَئِذٍ بِیَدِیْ

The flag of honor, the keys of paradise and the flag of praise will be in my hand on that day.

(Al-Tirmidhi Vol. 4, p. 36)

Keeping these Ahadeeth in view the Imams of Ummah have declared that as Allah Almighty has given him other things the paradise will also be in the possession of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him. He may do as he pleases with it and give it to whomsoever he wishes.

Hazrat Mulla ‘Ali Qaari – may Allah be pleased with him – writes that Imam Ibn Saba’ has written in his Khasaais as follows:

اِنَّ اللّٰہَ تَعَالٰی اَقْطَعَہٗ اَرْضَ الْجَنَّۃِ یُعْطِیْ مِنْھَا مَا شَاءَ لِمَنْ شَاءَ

Indeed Allah Almighty has given him the paradise to grant whomsoever any portion of it.

(Al-Mirqaat Vol. 1, p. 550)

The Paradise Came to Visit Him:

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Abbaas – may Allah be pleased with him – mentioned about the Salaah of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – “Once when we saw him catching something in the middle of Salaah. We asked, “O Allah’s Messenger, you moved forward to grab something and then stepped back; what is the matter?” He replied:

I saw paradise. I grabbed few bunches of it, and had I succeeded to pluck them you will be eating them till Qiyamah.”

(Sahih Muslim)

He Granted A Dry Try Trunk Of A Tree The Membership Of Paradise:

It is narrated from Hazrat Buraidah – may Allah be pleased with him – in Musnad Daarimi that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to deliver sermon holding a dry trunk. When he stood on the Mimbar without it it began to cry. He descended from the Mimbar and placed his hand on it and said, “What is it you desire? If you want that I make you green and fresh as you used to be, I can do it for you, and if you wish I will place you in Paradise, and you will be nurtured with the waters of heavenly springs and rivers and you will become very beautiful and bear large amount of fruits. Allah’s great servants will eat your fruits.” The trunk chose to be a member of Paradise.

(Al-Daarimi 55)

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is the Ka’bah of the Holy Ka’bah:

Allah’s Messenger’s – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – station is the greatest after Allah’s, and it is for this reason that the Holy Ka’bah, despite its great station, prostrated towards his birth place at the time of his blessed birth.

His grandfather Hazrat Abdul Muttalib – may Allah be pleased with him – mentioned that when he was born I was in the premises of the Holy Ka’bah and I noticed that Ka’bah had suddenly leaned towards Maqaame Ibraheem (Th birth-place of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was in the same direction) and all its idols fell on their faces. I heard a voice from the wall of Ka’bah:

وُلِدَ الْمُصْطَفٰی الْمُخْتَارَ الَّذِیْ تَھْلِکُ بِیَدِہٖ الْکُفَّارُ وَ یَطَّھَرُ مِنْ عِبَادِۃِ الْاَصْنَامِ وَیَاْمُرُ بِعِبَادَۃِ الْمَلِکِ الْعَلَّامِ

The chosen and elected Prophet will be born from whose hand infidelity will be vanished, and cleaning the Ka’bah from worshipping idols he will command to worship the absolute Master.

حاجیو آؤ شہنشاہ کا روضہ دیکھو

کعبہ تو دیکھ چکے کعبے کا کعبہ دیکھو

Haajiyo Aao Shahenshah Ka Rauza Dekho

Ka’bah To Dekh Chuke Ka’be Ka Ka’bah Dekho

Come O pilgrims, visit the Shrine of the King

You have observed the Ka’bah, now see the Ka’bah of Ka’bah

Nau Bahaare Shafaa’at Pe Laakhon Salaam:

Allah Almighty has grated His beloved Messenger – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – the station of being the captain of intercession. The description of this station of intercession is mentioned in the Holy Quran in the following words:

عَسٰۤی اَنۡ یَّبْعَثَکَ رَبُّکَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُوۡدًا ﴿۷۹﴾

It is near that your Lord may make you stand at a place where all should praise you.

(Bani Israel 17, Verse 79)

There are many citations regarding “Maqaam Mahmood” but the most relevant one is that the objective of this station is “the station of great intercession”.

It is narrated from Hazrat Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – that when the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was asked concerning the verse:

عَسٰۤی اَنۡ یَّبْعَثَکَ رَبُّکَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُوۡدًا ﴿۷۹﴾

It is near that your Lord may make you stand at a place where all should praise you.

(Bani Israel 17, Verse 79)

He replied:
ھِیَ الشَّفَاعَۃُ

“It’s the intercession.”

Hazrat Ibn Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – mentioned that people will go in groups to every Prophet for intercession but their matters will not be solved until the request of intercession will be sought in the court of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him:

فَذٰلِکَ الٌیَوْمُ یَبْعَثُہُ اللّٰہُ الْمَقَامَ الْمَحْمُوْدَ

That will be the day when Allah Almighty will appoint him on the Maqaam Mahmood.

(Bukhari – Kitaab Al-Tafseer)

On the Right Side of the ‘Arsh of Allah:

Where is Maqaam Mahmood?

Its location is also mentioned in the Hadeeth. Hazrat Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stated:

“I will come out of my grave and the clothes of paradise will be put on me:

ثُمَّ اَقُوْمُ عَنْ یَمِیْنِ الْعَرْشِ لَیْسَ اَحَدٌ مِّنَ الْخَلَائِقِ یَقُوْمُ ذٰلِکَ الْمَقَامَ غَیْرِیْ

And then I will stand on the right side of the ‘Arsh of Allah, and this station will not be available to anyone else in the creation except me.”

Hazrat Mujaahid – may Allah be pleased with him – has interpreted the Maqaam Mahmood as follows:

اَنْ یُجْلِسَ اللّٰہُ مُحَمَّدًا مَعَہٗ عَلٰی کُرْسِیِّہٖ

That Allah Almighty will make Hazrat Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – sit with Him on His throne.

(Al-Tadhkirah Li Al-Qurtubi p. 285)

Sunte Hain Ki Mahshar Me Sirf Un Ki Rasaa’i Hai (We Have Firm Conviction that Only He Has A Say In The Mahshar):

It is the station where the entire humanity will gather and will request for intercession. He will then say, “Yes, Allah Almighty has granted me this great station.” The immense details of this scenario are mentioned in the Ahadeeth.

Hazrat Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated that the Messenger of Allah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stated:

“I will be the leader of all the children of Adam on the Day Judgment.”

And then he mentioned its details in the following manner:

“Allah Almighty will gather all the preceding and later generations in Mahshar (The place of Judgment). When they will not be able to endure the heat there, they will consult among themselves that they must look for someone that can intercede for them by Allah Almighty. They will firstly come to Hazrat Adam – peace be upon him – and request, ‘You are the father of mankind. Allah Almighty has created you with His own Blessed Hand and commanded the angels to prostrate for you, and then you stayed in paradise. Please have mercy on our state and intercede for us in Allah’s Court.’ He will reply:

اِنَّ رَبِّیْ غَضَبَ الْیَوْمَ غَضْبًا لَمْ یَغْضَبْ قَبْلَہٗ وَلَنْ یَّغْضَبْ بَعْدَہٗ مِثْلَہٗ

My Lord is so angry today that He was never this angry before neither will He ever be.

He stopped me from going to the tree. I erred. I am concerned about myself. Go to someone else.’

This is how the entire creation of Allah will go to all the Prophets – peace be upon him – but they will mentioned their own slips and say, ‘We are concerned about ourselves. Go, look for some other support. The Almighty is so angry today that none has the courage to move his lips there.’ When they will come to Hazrat ‘Isa – peace be upon him – he will say, ‘I also cannot intercede but I can recommended the one whom Allah Almighty had already blessed with the glad tiding of intercession in the world:

اُلْقُوْا مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدًا غَفَرَ اللّٰہُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِہٖ وَمَا تَاَخَّرَ

Go to Muhammad (may Allah send peace and blessings upon him) a servant that Allah has forgiven the sins of his formers and of his latters on his accord.’

The entire creation will gather at the footsteps of Hazrat Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and request, ‘You are Allah’s beloved, the seal of Prophethood, and Allah Almighty has blessed you with the glad tiding of intercession. Please, having mercy on our state, intercede for us in Allah’s Court.’

He will say:

اَنَا لَھَا اَنَا صَاحِبُکُمْ

I am here for that purpose (i.e. to intercede).

I am your friend.

And then he stated, “I will fall in prostration in Allah’s Court under the ‘Arsh. Allah Almighty will inspire me with such words of Praise and Glory that no one has ever achieved except me, and while I be engaged in his Praise and Glory, He will say to me:

یَا مُحَمَّدُ اِرْفَعْ رَاْسَکَ وَسَلْ تُعْطَہٗ وَ اشْفِعْ تُشْفَعُ

O Muhammad (may Allah send peace and blessings upon him) raise your head and ask you will be granted, and intercede, your intercession shall be accepted.

I will say, ‘O Allah, please commence the accountability of the creation, and at that time the commencement of the entire mankind’s accountability will be processed, and that intercession will called “Shafa’at Al-Kubra” i.e. the greatest form of intercession, which will encompass all and sundry whether it’s an infidel, Muslim, friend or enemy.”

He also indicated towards the same concept in his following words:

وَبِیْ تُفْتَحُ الشَّفَاعَۃُ

“The portal of intercession will be opened by of me.”

Which Alahazrat has described as “Naubahaare Shafaa’at”.

Who Are The Beneficiaries Of The Intercession?:

The belief of some in regards to the intercession is that it will be limited to the pious only, which is not a correct view. Numerous narrations reject those views:

1. Hazrat Abu Moosa Ash’ari – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – said to me:

“Allah Almighty has given me choice between two things and said, ‘Take one of the two; either the intercession or the forgiveness of half the nation.’

فَاخْتَرْتُ الشَّفَاعَۃَ لِاَنَّھَا اَعَمُّ وَ اَکْفٰی۔ اَتَرَوْنَھَا لِلْمُتَّقِیْنَ، لَا وَلٰکِنْ لِّلْخَاطِئِیْنَ الْمُذْنِبِیْنَ الْمُتَلَوِّثِیْنَ

Then I chose the intercession, for it has broader spectrum and it’s more sufficing. (Then he said) Do you think that the intercession is only for the Allah-fearing people? Absolutely not. But it will rather accommodate the erroneous people that are heavily involved in sinning.’”

(Al-Tadhkirah Lil Qurtubi 404)

2. Imam Tirmidhi narrated form Hazrat Anas – may Allah be pleased with them – and Ibn Majah and Abu Dawood narrated from Hazrat Jabir – may Allah be pleased with them that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated while describing the broad spectrum of the intercession:

شَفَاعَتِیْ لِاَھْلِ الْکَبَائِرِ مِنْ اُمَّتِیْ

“My intercession is for the major sinners of my nation.”

3. Imam Abul Hasan Daar Qutni narrated from Hazrat Abu Umamah – may Allah be pleased with them – that when he – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stated:

شَفَاعَتِیْ لِاَھْلِ الْکَبَائِرِ مِنْ اُمَّتِیْ

“My intercession is for the major sinners of my nation.”

The Companions asked:

یَا رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہِ! فَکَیْفَ لِخِیَارِھَا

“O the Messenger of Allah, how will the pious make it?”

He replied:

اَمَّا خِیَارُھَا فَیَدْخُلُوْنَ الْجَنَّۃَ بِاَعْمَالِھِمْ وَاَمَّا شِرَارُھُمْ فَیَدْخُلُوْنَ الْجَنَّۃَ بِشَفَاعَتِیْ

“As for the pious, they will enter paradise through their deeds and the sinners will enter the paradise through my intercession.”

(Al-Tadhkirah p. 403)

Ki Hai “Rabbi Sallim” Sada-e-Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him:

It is narrated from Hazrat Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – in Sahih Muslim that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stated while mentioning the Pulsiraat:

“O Ummah! At the time when you will be walking on the Pulsiraat, your Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – will be standing on the bridge saying, ‘Rabbi Sallim” (O my Lord, make them pass in peace).”

(Al-Tadhkirah Lil Qurtubi p. 383)

Alahazrat becomes overwhelmed by the Hadeeth and says:

رضا پل سے اب وجد کرتے گزرئے

کہ ہے رَبِّ سَلِّمْ صدائے محمد ﷺ

Raza Pul Se Ab Wajd Karte Guzariye

Ki Hai Rabbi Salli Sada-e-Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him

O Raza! Now cross the bridge in the state of ecstasy

For, “Rabbi Sallim” is the call of Hazrat Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him

Khuda Chaahta Hai Raza-e-Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him:

All the great station that will be bestowed upon the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – are already promised by Allah Almighty in the Holy Quran which He will fulfill there:

وَ لَسَوْفَ یُعْطِیۡکَ رَبُّکَ فَتَرْضٰی ؕ﴿۵﴾

And undoubtedly, soon your Lord shall give you so much that you shall be satisfied.

(Al-Duha 93, Verse 5)

The Most Hopeful Verse of The Holy Quran:

Allah Almighty has revealed many verses in the Holy Quran to raise the hopes of His servants by showing mercy to them. One amongst them is:

قُلْ یٰعِبَادِیَ الَّذِیۡنَ اَسْرَفُوۡا عَلٰۤی اَنۡفُسِہِمْ لَا تَقْنَطُوۡا مِنۡ رَّحْمَۃِ اللہِ ؕ اِنَّ اللہَ یَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوۡبَ جَمِیۡعًا ؕ اِنَّہٗ ہُوَ الْغَفُوۡرُ الرَّحِیۡمُ ﴿۵۳﴾

Say you, ‘O My bondmen who have committed excesses against their own souls ‘despair not of the mercy of Allah’ Undoubtedly, Allah forgives all sins, Verily He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.

(Al-Zumar 39, Verse 53)

This verse is revealed for the sinners as a great support and hope for them but even greater than that is the verse:

وَ لَسَوْفَ یُعْطِیۡکَ رَبُّکَ فَتَرْضٰی ؕ﴿۵﴾

And undoubtedly, soon your Lord shall give you so much that you shall be satisfied.

(Al-Duha 93, Verse 5)

Once, Hazrat Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – asked the Ulama:

“Do you consider the verse:

قُلْ یٰعِبَادِیَ الَّذِیۡنَ اَسْرَفُوۡا عَلٰۤی اَنۡفُسِہِمْ لَا تَقْنَطُوۡا مِنۡ رَّحْمَۃِ اللہِ ؕ اِنَّ اللہَ یَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوۡبَ جَمِیۡعًا ؕ اِنَّہٗ ہُوَ الْغَفُوۡرُ الرَّحِیۡمُ ﴿۵۳﴾

Say you, ‘O My bondmen who have committed excesses against their own souls ‘despair not of the mercy of Allah’ Undoubtedly, Allah forgives all sins, Verily He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.

(Al-Zumar 39, Verse 53)

To be the most hopeful verse of the Quran?” “Yes”, they replied, “We do consider this one to be as such.” He said, “We, the household of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send him peace and blessings – have this belief:

وَ لَسَوْفَ یُعْطِیۡکَ رَبُّکَ فَتَرْضٰی ؕ﴿۵﴾

And undoubtedly, soon your Lord shall give you so much that you shall be satisfied.

(Al-Duha 93, Verse 5)

Is greater in hope than:

قُلْ یٰعِبَادِیَ الَّذِیۡنَ اَسْرَفُوۡا عَلٰۤی اَنۡفُسِہِمْ لَا تَقْنَطُوۡا مِنۡ رَّحْمَۃِ اللہِ ؕ اِنَّ اللہَ یَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوۡبَ جَمِیۡعًا ؕ اِنَّہٗ ہُوَ الْغَفُوۡرُ الرَّحِیۡمُ ﴿۵۳﴾

Say you, ‘O My bondmen who have committed excesses against their own souls ‘despair not of the mercy of Allah’ Undoubtedly, Allah forgives all sins, Verily He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.

(Al-Zumar 39, Verse 53)”

And then Imam Qurtubi mentions the reason as to why this verse is the most hopeful of all the Quranic verses and writes:

“When the verse:

وَ لَسَوْفَ یُعْطِیۡکَ رَبُّکَ فَتَرْضٰی ؕ﴿۵﴾

And undoubtedly, soon your Lord shall give you so much that you shall be satisfied.

(Al-Duha 93, Verse 5)

Was revealed, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stated:

اِذَا وَاللّٰہِ لَا اَرْضَ وَوَاحِدٌ مِّنْ اُمَّتِیْ فِیْ النَّارِ

“Now, I swear by Allah! I will never be pleased even if one member of my Ummah is in the fire.”

(Tafseer Qurtubi Vol. 10, p. 96)

It is narrated from Hazrat Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – in Musnad Bazzar that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stated:

“I will be interceding and people will be entering the paradise until a call will come from Allah:

اَقَدْ رَضِیْتَ یَامُحَمَّدُ

Are you well pleased, O Muhammad?

And I shall reply:

اَیْ رَبِّ قَدْ رَضِیْتُ

O my Lord, now I am well pleased.

(Al-Imaan Bi ‘Awaalim Al-Aakhirah p. 205)

خدا کی رضا چاہتے ہیں دوعالم

خدا چاہتا ہے رضائے محمد ﷺ

Khuda Ki Raza Chaahte Hain Do ‘Aalam

Khuda Chahta Hai Raza-e-Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him

Both the worlds are in pursuit of Allah’s pleasure

Allah wishes the pleasure of Hazrat Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him

(Alahazrat)

(Translation from Sharah Salaame Raza p. 79-93 written by Allamah Mufti Muhammad Khan and published by Islamic Research Centre)