وَ الشَّمْسِ وَ ضُحٰىہَا ﴿۱﴾۪ۙ

By (oath of) the sun and its light

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                 التفسیر الکبیر                        

الْمَقْصُودُ مِنْ هَذِهِ السُّورَةِ التَّرْغِيبُ فِي الطَّاعَاتِ وَالتَّحْذِيرُ مِنَ الْمَعَاصِي.

The objective of this Surah is to urge one on Allah’s obedience and warn from His disobedience.

وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ تَعَالَى يُنَبِّهُ عِبَادَهُ دَائِمًا بِأَنْ يَذْكُرَ فِي الْقَسَمِ أَنْوَاعَ مَخْلُوقَاتِهِ الْمُتَضَمِّنَةَ لِلْمَنَافِعِ الْعَظِيمَةِ حَتَّى يَتَأَمَّلَ الْمُكَلَّفُ فِيهَا وَيَشْكُرَ عَلَيْهَا

Know that Allah Almighty always creates awareness among His servants by taking the oath of various creations of His that provide great benefits so the servant ponders over them and be grateful for them.

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

(Tafseer under verse No. 5)

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