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اٰيَاتُ حَقٍّ مِّنَ الرَّحْمٰنِ مُحْدَ ثَةٌ

قَدِيْمَةٌ صِفَةُ الْمَوْصُوْفِ   بِالْقَدَمٖ

 

AAYAATU HAQQIM MINAR REHMAANI MUH’DASATUN

QADEEMATUN SIFATUL MOWSOOFI BILQIDAMI

The Verses of the Holy Quran (of the Most Gracious Allah) are unrivalled,

they are the Truth, as old as the Universe and part of the Omniscience.

 

In the previous Couplets, Allama discussed the Benefits of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him). Now it became necessary to show solid proofs. So he started giving proofs from the Holy Quran. He introduced that whatever Benefits I discussed, those Benefits were revealed in the Holy Quran.

 

Mir Rehmaan he used this Name of Allah as a Token, he could have used other Names of Allah i.e. Gaffaar, Sattaar, Razzaak, Allaam etc. but he chose to begin with this Name because the descending of the Holy Quran, is Mercy for the whole Creation. That is why he chose this Name and used it as a token.

 

In the first line he used the word Muh’dasatun as an object derived from Ahdaas (written or sent down).

 

In the second line he used the word Qadeematun (old)

 

He showed us, firstly that the Verses of the Quran were sent down and secondly they were very old.

 

لَمْ تَقْتَرِنْ بِزَمَانٍ وَّهِىَ تُخْبِرُنَا

عَنِ الْمَعَادِ وَعَنْ عَادٍ وَّعَنْ اِرَمٖ

 

LAM TAQTARIM BIZAMAANIW WAH’YA TUKHBIRUNA

ANIL MA’AHDI WA AN AADIW WA AN IRAMI

The Verses of the Holy Quran were not sent for a specific era, but it exists for all periods. They predict the events of Hereafter and relate the stories of Aad (a Nation) and Iram (a place).

 

Allama explains here that the second reason for calling these Verses as old was because it was not bounded to any era. Its Origin began, with the origin of the Worlds.

 

These Verses have this Wonder, that it gives us news  about the Day of Resurrection, Hereafter, The Nation Aad, Paradise Iram etc.

 

Once Umayya bin Khalaf confronted the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and brought some rotten bones and said: These bones that are rotten, can Allah make them alive? The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) replied: Yes! After you die he will wake you up and put you in Hell. Regarding this, the Quran said: Again on the Day of Judgement you will be waken up.

In another place it states that: Does man think I will not be able to assemble all his bones. Why not, as I am the Most Powerful, I will bring him back to his original form.

 

In one place it says: Don’t you know that those people will be awoken, who are in the graves, and everything that is in their hearts will be exposed. Indeed, the Lord is fully aware of their conditions on that day. etc.

 

Regarding the Nation Aad, the Quran tells us about them. Aad is in Yemen. They forgot Allah and began to worship the idols Sad, Asmood and Haba. Allah sent Hazrat Hud (peace be upon him) to them. He was from this tribe. He was the most Superior among them. They refused to listen to Him and made Him a liar and went against Him. Allah stopped the rain from them, for three years. They began to die of starvation. They looked towards the direction of the Kaaba and sent 70 people to go there and make Dua.

 

When they reached Makkah, the leader of the group Qeel ibn Atar made Dua: Oh Allah! Shower rain on the Aad, who are suffering from a famine.

 

Allah exposed three clouds, White, red and black. From the Heavens, a Divine Voice called out: Oh Qeel! Choose one cloud from these three clouds.

 

Qeel replied that I choose the black cloud. So the black cloud came out and went towards their City. It covered the whole sky. All the people were happy and began to say that this cloud will shower rain on us.

 

A gale broke out from that cloud and it destroyed all the idol-worshippers.

Sayyidina Hud (peace be upon him) and those people who brought Imaan on Him, were freed from this storm.

 

An Irami is referring towards the defeated Nation, which is also known as Aad-e-Saani.

 

Regarding this Nation, the Quran says: Did you not see what the Lord did to the Iram Nation, who were tall like pillars and no one like them possessed strength in any City. (Surah Fajr)

 

Shaddaad’s Paradise

 

In Tafseereh Nishapuri, it is related that Aad bin Iram had two sons Shadeed and Shaddaad. They both were Kings of this World. When King Shadeed died, Shaddaad took possession of the whole Kingdom. He was 900 years old at that time. He loved reading books.

 

Once  he read a book regarding Paradise and in his heart he thought, that whatever is in Paradise, I have read about it. I will build a place like this.  So he gathered a group from his army and ordered them to go and look for a place, where the air must be pure, there must be no rocks there, the water must be sweet and the trees must be fresh and green. This group left and began to look for a place like Shaddaad wanted.  Finally, they found a place like this, in a jungle. This jungle was in Adan.

 

They informed Shaddaad about this. Shaddaad called his Ministers of Finance and ordered that every type of gold, silver and jewelry must be gathered.  They gathered so much that it could not be counted.

 

Shaddaad sent all that wealth to Adan. He employed 100,000 builders. In the foundation, they placed one silver brick then after this a gold brick. They constructed the whole foundation like this. The walls were also erected in the same manner. The pillars we decorated with emeralds and rubies. Palaces were erected on top of these pillars. In those palaces, he had towers built, with plenty of windows, to lighten the palaces. There were huge balconies, built inside the fort.

 

Shaddaad had 1000 Ministers and for each Minister, he had a palace built, inside the fort. Under these palaces, he had trenches built from silver.  In one trench, he had it filled with milk, the other, with wine and another with honey. It took 300 years to build this place.

 

Shaddaad gathered all his Ministers and followers and prepared to leave for Adan. As they reached close to Adan, the journey to the palace was only a day and night distant away. Allah commanded that Punishment of a sound of a scream to descend on them and they were all destroyed.

 

دَامَتْ لَدَيناَ فَفَاقَتْ كُلَّ مُعْجِزَةٍ

مِّنَ النَّبِيِّيْنَ اِذْجَآءَتْ وَلَمْ تَدُمٖ

 

DAAMAT LADAYNA FAFAAQAT KULLA MUHJIZATIN

MINAN NABIYEENA IZ JAA’AT WALAM TADUMI

The Miracle of the Holy Quran will always remain.

This Miracle is more Superior to the Miracles of the other Prophets because the Miracles, which the other Prophets brought, did not remain.

 

The Verses of the Holy Quran will always remain with us and this Miracle of the Blessed Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) is a living Miracle. It is more superior than the Miracles of the other Prophets because whatever Miracles they brought, did not remain. This Miracle of the Quran for the affirmation of Prophethood, is the most superior Miracle, which will remain till the Day of Qayaamat.

 

From the time it was revealed, till today and till Qayaamat, no matured expert could compare and challenge any Verse of the Quran. Famous matured Philosophers were dumb, in answering a small Verse of the Quran.

 

Another Wonder of the Lord is worth pondering over.  That is whoever tried to challenge any Verse, though he was very fluent and matured, he became so dumb that after this he could not answer the books, which the little children read.

 

Musailma Kazzaab who claimed to be a prophet, also tried to show some examples of revelations, coming down to him, but he also failed disgracefully.

 

 

Description of Miracles

Mowjiza is an act that is contrary to habit, which the Disbelievers when they refused to believe, these Miracles were exposed to them. Those who used to come to challenge, used to become helpless after seeing these Miracles. These orders that were contrary to habits are of eight types. These are exposed on the believers and Kafirs.

 

  1. Those that were revealed on the Prophets are of two types: before their arrival and after their arrival.
  2. Before the Arrival, those acts that were revealed are called i.e. Before the Holy Birth of the Holy Prophet, Miracles that were exposed.
  3. Those Miracles that were shown after His Sacred Birth are called

 

  1. Those Miracles, which the Saints show contrary to their habits, are called
  2. If a Pious Person shows any Miracle it is called
  3. If a Sinner shows anything it is called
  4. Then if these acts are contrary to education and knowledge it is called
  5. If it is done without any education and knowledge it is called Ibtila like Firhoun had exposed and Dajaal will expose.
  6. If someone tried to show something and it turned contrary to what he wishe is called Ahaanat. i.e. Musailma Kazzaab made Dua for a person with a weak eye to be cured but the other eye became worse.

 

A’la Hazrat says:

 

Allah likes a Person, who is Your servant,

Allah dislikes a person who is your opponent.

 

مُحْكَمَاتٌ فَمَا يَبْقِيْنَ مِنْ شُبَهٍ

لِّذِىْ شِقَاقٍ وَّ لَايَبْغِيْنَ مِنْ حَكَمٖ

 

MUHAKKAMAATUN FAMA TOOBKEENA MIN SHUBAHIN

LIZI SHIQAAQIW WALA TABGHEENA MIN HAKAMI

The Verses of the Holy Quran are so sound and so perfect in truth, that they leave no room for doubt, suspicion or criticism by anyone.

 

Muhakkimaat is derived from the word Muhkim. This word, in this Couplet, brings such a strong proof, that there is no one who can make any changes.

 

In the roots of idioms, Muhkim are those laws, which are proved through Verses, and they are not from agreeable transformation and alteration.

 

Now the question arises, that did Allama only show that status of the Muhakkimaat Verses or according to him, are all the Verses Muhakkimaat? If only the Verses of Muhakkimaat have this status, what is the status of the other Verses? It was necessary for him to show this.

 

If all the Verses are Muhakkimaat, then why did the roots show Muhkim, Mufassir (Commentator), Zaahir (exposed) Baatin (hidden), Mutashabih (resembling). Why did it write these types?

 

Allama Kharpoti (May Allah shower mercy upon him) comments that Allah used the word Muhakkimaat as a verbal meaning and not according to the Roots of Idioms.

 

In brief, the whole meaning of this Couplet is that the Holy Quran is not in need of any extra commands but all the Laws and Orders are according to its Rules. There is nothing that can overpower the Holy Quran. This Couplet reflects towards this Verse:

ہُوَ الَّذِیۡۤ اَنۡزَلَ عَلَیۡکَ الْکِتٰبَ مِنْہُ اٰیٰتٌ مُّحْکَمٰتٌ ہُنَّ اُمُّ الْکِتٰبِ وَاُخَرُ مُتَشٰبِہٰتٌؕ

Hoowal lazi Anzala alaykal Kitaaba minhu Aayaatum Muhakkimaatun Hunna Ummul Kithaabi wa ukharu Mutashaabihaat.

(It is He who sent this Book to you. Some Verses of it have a clear meaning. It is the Origin of the Book. The others are those, in whose meaning there is a resemblance to other Verses.)

 

مَاحُوْرِبَتْ قَطُّ اِلَّا عَادَ مِنْ حَرَبٍ

اَعْدٰى  الْاَعَادِىْ اِلَيْهَا مُلْقِىَ السَّلَمٖ

 

MA HOORIBAT QATTU ILLAH AADA MIN HARABIN

A’HDAL A’AHDI ILAYHA MULKIYAS SALAMI

Those who criticised the Quran, ultimately became helpless and all enemies also finally, bowed down before it.

 

No one could challenge the Verses of the Holy Quran. As he used to become dumb and go away or apologise that he was helpless.

 

Ibn Maqna who was an expert in Arabic, wrote some verses and intended to present them as a challenge. He heard a Qari reciting this Verse: The Command came, Oh Earth! Swallow your water, Oh Heavens! Stop pouring. The water dried up and the work was finished. The Ark stopped at Koheh Joodi. Then the Command came, that the unjust people are far from Mercy.

 

When Ibn Maqna heard this Verse he was ashamed and said: The Oath of the Lord!No one can challenge the fluency of the Holy Quran.

 

Walid bin Mughaira who was recognised, as a very famous person, among the Quraish, once with the intention of challenging, confronted the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and said: Read something.

 

The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) read this Verse: Indeed Allah has ordered those who are close to Him, to be just and humble and has forbidden one, from shameful things and disbelieving. Allah is giving you this advice, so that you accept them.

 

When Walid heard this Verse he asked: Please read it again. The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) recited it again and he left after saying this: The Oath of the Lord! It has a special freshness and sweetness. Outwardly it is fruitful and internally it is very pleasant. These are not the words of a Human Being. After saying this words, he went away.

                                                 

رَدَّتْ  بَلَاغَتُهَا دَعْوٰى مُعَارِضِهَا

رَدَّ الْغَيُوْرِ يَدَ الْجَآنِىْ عَنِ الْحَرَمٖ

 

RADDAT BALAAGHATUHA DAAWA MU’AARIDIHA

RADDAL GHAYOORI YADAL JAANI ANIL HURAMI

It has squashed criticisms by its elegance. It is safe and secures like the family of a respectable person.

 

How could one object or dare to challenge the Verses of the Holy Quran? He could not even think of coming near to it. He became so helpless, like how one protects his family from the evil glances of a sinful stranger.

 

لَهَا مَعَانٍ كَمَوْجِ الْبَحْرِ فِیْ مَدَدٍ

وَّ فَوْقَ جَوْهَرِهٖ فِیْ الْحُسْنِ وَالْقِيَمٖ

 

LAHA MA’AANIN KAMOWJIL BAH’RI FEE MADADIN

WA FOWQA JOWHARIHI FILHUSNI WALQIYAMI

The flow of the Verses of the Holy Quran, is like the flow of the waves of the great ocean. In fact they are more precious and beautiful than the hidden treasures of the ocean.

 

One must accept that the Words of the Holy Quran, has so many meanings, that they resemble the waves of the oceans. The value and beauty of the treasures are nothing in comparison to it. No matter how expensive a jewel can be, it has a fixed price, whereas one cannot put a price on the Verses of the Quran. They are priceless.

 

The Sufis have stated that if the Reality of the Meanings of the Holy Quran were exposed, then the Heavens and Earth will not be able to bear the weight of  it’s Radiant Light.

 

The Quran says:

 

لَوْ اَنۡزَلْنَا ہٰذَا الْقُرْاٰنَ عَلٰی جَبَلٍ لَّرَاَیۡتَہٗ خٰشِعًا مُّتَصَدِّعًا مِّنْ خَشْیَۃِ اللہِ ؕ وَ تِلْکَ الْاَمْثٰلُ نَضْرِبُہَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّہُمْ یَتَفَکَّرُوۡنَ ﴿۲۱﴾

If We had sent down this Quran upon any mountain, you would certainly have seen it humbled and split asunder for fear of Allah. And those examples, We profound for mankind that they may reflect.

 

Allah in Reality placed a Veil over it, so that the Hearts of Mankind could tolerate it. Just like the link of the politeness of the body is with the politeness of the Soul, same how the Honour of the Words of the Holy Quran is under the Nobility of its Meaning.

 

The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) said: The Soul of the Ulama is never satisfied with Holy Quran. In illness, the Ulama were told that it was due through them not getting full. They knew the taste of the Wonders and Sweetness of the Holy Quran.  They understood all the Signs of Miracles, Wonders of Humility, Virtuous Styles and Accomplished Wonders.

 

Allama Sharfuddin Bosairi (May Allah shower mercy upon him) says in the next Couplet:

 

فَمَا تُعَدُّ وَ لَا تُحْصٰى عَجَآئِبُهَا

وَ لَا تُسَامُ عَلٰى الْاِكْثَارِ بِالسَّامٖ

 

FAMA TU’ADDU WALA TU’HSAA AJAHIBUHA

WALA TUSAAMU ALAL IKSAARI BIS SA’AMI

The Hidden Wonders of the Verses are unaccountable. Even if you count them over and over again, your desire will not be satisfied.

 

As the Elegance of the Holy Quran keeps getting exposed, in the same manner the desire keeps increasing. It never happens that one panics and gets exhausted. Instead the more he begins to understand the flowing of the sea, the reader’s desire begins to increase so much.

 

That is why it is stated in the Holy Quran that if all the trees of this World had to become pens and the seas had to become its ink, then also, the Words of Allah will not come to an end. Indeed Allah is the Most Honoured and has the Most Knowledge.

Some Learned People have stated that every Word of the Holy Quran has 70 meanings.

 

قَرَّتْ بِهَا عَيْنُ قَارِیْهَا فَقُلْتُ لَهٗ

لَقَدْ ظَفِرْتَ بِحَبْلِ اللهِ فَاعْتَصِمٖ

 

QARRAT BIHA AYNU QAAREEHA FAQULTU LAHU

LAQAD ZAFIRTA BIHABLIL LAAHI FAH’TASIMI

The reader’s eyes become cooled. I told him you have become successful. Hold on firmly, to the Rope of Allah.

 

Allama says that in the Holy Quran, there is such Sweetness, that the reader finds pleasure and remains protected. Since through the reciting of it, one gains freedom, that is why Allama congratulated him and said: You have become successful over the Ardent Soul.

 

Secondly, this Couplet is also reflecting towards this Hadith: The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) said: I am leaving behind two things that as long as you hold on to it firmly, you will never go astray. They are the Holy Quran and My Teachings.

 

The Holy Quran and the Hadith are the strong Rope of Allah. It is the best guiding light and the strongest Straight Path.

 

اِنْ تَتْلُهَا خِيْفَةً مِّنْ حَرِّ  نَارٍ لَّظٰى

اَطْفَاْتَ حَرَّ لَظٰى مِنْ وِّرْدِهَا الشَّبِمٖ

 

IN TATLOOHA KHIFATAM MIN HARRI NAARIL LAZHA

AYFAH’TA HARRA LAZHA MIW WIRDIHA SHABIMI

If you recite the Quran, out of fear and terror of Hell, the Flames of the Fire will vanish by the Recitation.

 

If you recite the Verses of the Holy Quran, due to the fear of the Fire of Hell, then the Fire will be extinguished, though the recitation of the Holy Quran.

 

The Theologians have stated that in the recitation of the Holy Quran, it is more superior to look at it and read it than reciting it by memory, because to take the Quran is a practice. To pick it up, look and read it, is also a practice of the eyes. In this manner one can ponder over its meanings. That is why the Sahaaba-e-Kiraam used to look at it and read it.

 

Mowla Ali (karramullahu wajhahu) stated that three things remove biles out.

  1. Fasting
  2. Miswaak
  3. Recitation of the Holy Quran.

 

The Learned People said that to look at the Quran is such an Ibaadat, just like looking at the Kaaba.

 

Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) said: Keep reciting the Quran because for each letter, Allah will grant you ten good deeds.

 

Some Pious Person related this Incident that he used to recite Surah Taaha every  night till the morning.

 

Once while reciting the Surah Taaha, he completed it in the morning and slept away. In his dream he saw a Holy Person who was carrying several books.  He opened those books in front of me and I noticed that Surah Taaha was written in it. He saw ten good deeds were written under each letter. Under one letter, there was no good deed written. He said to the Holy Person that I read this word also, what is the reason, there is no good deed written under it. The Holy Person replied: You have spoken the truth, indeed you did read this word. I even wrote the good deeds under it, but an Announcer from Arsh stopped me and said wipe out those good deeds. So I wiped those good deeds out.  I began to cry in my sleep. The Holy Person replied that while you were reading, a person passed by and to impress him , you read this word loudly. That is why due to this pride of yours, these good deeds were wiped out.

 

In Mukaamaat it is related that a person came to the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and asked: Whoever teaches his children the Quran, then what reward will that person achieve? The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) replied: The Quran is Allah’s Book. I will give you the answer, when Sayyidina Jibreel (peace be upon him) arrives.

 

Just then Sayyidina Jibreel (peace be upon him) appeared and the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) asked Him that question. He replied that I do not know the answer, but I will ask Allah. He ascends, then returns and says: Allah has sent his Salaams to You and said: Whoever teaches the Quran to his children, then Allah will grant that person a Golden City in Paradise, which will have a thousand towns. In each town, there will be thousand homes. It is related in a Hadith that whoever recites the Holy Quran and practices on what it says, then on the Day of Judgement, his parents will wear a crown which will shine so brightly, that the Sun will feel ashamed.

 

Mowla Ya Swalli Wa Sallim Daa’iman Abadan

Alah Habeebika Khayril Khalqi Kullihimi

 

 

كَاَ  نَّهَا الْحَوْضُ تَبْيَضُّ الْوُجُوْهُ بِهٖ

مِنَ الْعُصَاةِ وَ قَدْ جَآءُوْهُ كَالْحُمَمٖ

 

KA ANNAHAL HOWDHU TABYADDUL WUJUHU BIHI

MINAL USAATI WAQAD JAA’OOHU KAL HUMAMI

The Verses are just like Howzeh Kowsar, due to bathing in it, it will make the black faces white again of the sinner, which will turn black like coal being burnt.

 

The Alif and Laam on Howz are Oaths of Understanding. Here the Howz is referring to Howzeh Kowsar. Howzeh Kowsar is that pond which the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) promised. The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) said: My Howz is so huge that it will take a month to travel from one side to the other side. Its water is whiter than milk, more fragrant than musk, and there are so many cups over it, than the stars cannot be compared to them. Whoever has a drink from it, will never feel thirsty again.

 

Now the question arises that on the Day Of Resurrection, what will appear first Howzeh Kowsar or Pul-Siraat? Qartabi states that before Howzeh Kowsar, Pul-Siraat will come first.

 

The correct version is that Howzeh Kowsar will come first.

Imam Ghazaali (May Allah shower mercy upon him) states that whoever believes that the Pul-Siraat will come first is wrong. Then Qartabi states that it is possible that the Howz will come first because when the people will wake up from the grave, they will be thirsty. They will go towards the Howz first.

 

Kal Humami means charcoal, but there is another stage, which is called Faham. The difference between both these words are, that a wood burns and turns into charcoal this is called Faham and after this it burns and turns into Hummah (ashes)

 

Hummah is also a hot spring where people suffering from rashes bathe in and get cured.

 

In a Hadith, it is reported that certain sinners from the Ummat will be thrown in the Fire and according to the amount of sins they committed, they will get burnt. Then they will be taken out and given a bath in the Nahreh Hayaat, due to which all the blackness, which had come, due to being burnt, will disappear and they will turn  white again.

 

This Couplet is also referring towards this Hadith that the Holy Quran on the Day of Qayaamat will intercede towards the big and small guilty people. Whoever recited it and practised on it, it will lift his stages and whoever recited it and did not practice on it, it will push him into Hell.

 

وَكَالصِّرَاطِ وَكَالْمِيْزَانِ مَعْدِلَةً

فَالْقِسْطُ مِنْ غَيْرِهَا فِیْ النَّاسِ لَمْ يَقُمٖ

 

WAKAS SIRAATI WAKAL MEEZAANI MAH’DILATAN

FALQISTU MIN GHAIRIHA FIN NAASI LAM YAQUMI

The Verses are like the Scales of Justice and Pul-Siraat. Indeed, without them there would not be the existence of Justice among the people.

 

Regarding Pul-Siraat, Allama Kharpoti states that it is a bridge, which is situated on top of Hell. All the Believers and Disbelievers will have to cross it. The bridge is finer than a hair and sharper than a sword.

 

The Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) will be standing on it and from His Sacred Mouth, these words will be coming out: Ya Rabbi Sallim, Sallim. People will be worried when they cross this bridge. The Prophets and the Believers will cross it without any difficulties.

 

Meezaan is the Scale on which the deeds will be weighed.

 

لَا تَعْجَبَنَّ لِحَسُوْدٍ رَّاحَ يُنْكِرُهَا

تَجَاهُلًا وَّهُوَ عَيْنُ الْحَاذِقِ الْفَهِمٖ

 

LAH TAH’JABAN LIHASOODIR RAAHA YUNKIRUHA

TAJAAHULAN WAHUWA AYNUL HAAZIQIL FAHIMI

Do not be surprised, if jealous unbelievers deny their goodness.

They are shrewd and intelligent, yet knowingly, ignore them.

 

The Holy Quran is very profitable for both Religious and Worldly Things. Various Benefits and Wonders are achieved.

 

If some jealous, ignorant or wise person refuses to accept, then do not be surprised because the reasons for this are given in the following Couplets.

 

Mowla Ya Swalli Wa Sallim Daa’iman Abadan

Alah Habeebika Khayril Khalqi Kullihimi.

 

قَدْ تُنْكِرُ الْعَيْنُ ضَوْءَ الشَّمْسِ مِنْ رَّمَدٍ

وَّ  يُنْكِرُ اْلفَمُ طَعْمَ الْمَآءِ مِنْ سَقَمٖ

 

QAD TUNKIRUL AYNU ZOW’ASH SHAMSI MIR RAMADIN

WAYUNKIRUL FAMU TA’MAL MAA’EE MIN SAQAMI

How can weak ailing eyes see the light of the Sun, and how can a sore throat

enjoy the taste of sweet water?

 

After Qad Tunkiru, Zow’ash Shams was used in place of Noorush Shams because the light of Zow-ash Shams is much stronger than Noorus Shams. The perfect light is called Zow.

 

Maybe someone might make this objection that Allah said in the Holy Quran: Allah is the Noor of the Heavens and Earth. It is proving that it is applying to the Strongest Light.

 

Who does not understand the Study of Commentary, will say such things. Whereas the meaning to this Verse was referring to Allah enlightening the Heavens and Earth.

 

So the meaning to this Couplet is just. Like the ailing eyes do not like light and just like sore throat cannot enjoy the taste of sweet water, same how the Disbelievers used to regard the Benefits and Specialty of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) as bad.

 

The Holy Quran says:  They have an illness in their hearts and Allah increased their illness.

 

It says in another place: They are deaf, dumb and blind and they will not return.

 

يَاخَيْرَ مَنْ يَّمَّمَ الْعَافُوْنَ سَاحَتَهٗ

سَعْيًا وَّ فَوْقَ مُتُوْنِ الْاَنْيُقِ الرُّسُمٖ

 

YA KHAYRA MAY YAMMAMAL AHFOONA SAA’HATAHU

SAH’YOW WAFOWQA MUTOONIL AYNUQIR RUSUMI

Oh Superior One! In your Court, needy People come running, and distressed ones come on the backs of camels, with the intention of paying a visit.

 

The style of the previous Couplet was concealed, but now since the extreme desire made him restless, he pictures that he is standing in the Sacred Court of the Holy Prophet (May Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and saying these words: Oh, Most Generous One! In Your Sacred Court, the Needy come with great ambitions on foot or on camels to fulfil their ambitions.

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