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Encyclopedic Facts about The Holy Quran
The wonders of the Quran.
In Surah Bani Israel, it is mentioned that if all of mankind and jinn had to get together to produce something like the Quran, they will never be able to do complete something like the Quran. In surah Hud, a challenge has been given to those who do not accept the Quran as the Divine Word of Allah and consider it as something written by the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him or his family to bring something like the Quran. In fact, it is mentioned that even though they cannot bring something like the entire Quran, they should bring at least ten verses like the Quran and they have also been given the permission to bring all the helpers they wish to bring.
In surah Baqarah, another challenge has been given to those who disbelieve in the Quran to bring at least one single surah like that which appears in the Quran and again, these people have been given permission to bring all the helpers they want in this regard.
However, as much as they tried. Even wars took place and many peoples lives were lost and many secret plans were made against the Quran, yet, until the present day, no one could be able to answer the challenge of the Quran. Shameful type of propaganda were levelled against the Quran and whether they were Arabs or non Arabs, yet, until the present day, no one was able to bring even a small surah like that found in the Quran.
In fact, so many of the most proficient writers of Arabic and people who knew classical arabic could have answered this challenge and yet they all failed. We see that when a small surah like surah Kauther was placed on the wall of the Kaba, all those around had to admit that this was indeed not the words of an ordinary human being.
Even in the present time, this challenge of the Quran continues and some of the most up to date computers are found in world which can create fantastic programs and books merely by touching a few buttons, yet, the Quran has remained unchallenged. This is the reason why the Ulama have considered this as a miracle because the definition of a miracle is something which the mind and intellect is unable to answer.
It is important that we discuss the various wonders and wonderful features of the Quran with various testimony and evidence so that this becomes clear in our minds. At the same time, this is also a challenge which remains unanswered and will remain unanswered until the day of Judgement. This is also not something which is specific to any country or to any time or generation. Whether a person is in the East, the West, the North or South of the world, until the present day, the Quran challenges everyone to bring something like it if they are in doubt about it.
At the same time, this is unlike the previous books which have already been proven by even people who belong these religions as being false and altered. In like manner, the Quran is able to help us understand the difference between what is magic and what is a Mo’jizah. At the same time, by being unable to answer the challenge of the Quran, the only thing that the opponents of the Quran did was call it nothing but magic with the intention of misguiding others.
Books written on the wonders of the Quran.
In regard to this specific subject and faculty, our pious Ulama have also written many books on the subject. Some of them are:
- Ijaaz Al Quran. Ibn Yazeed Waasiti. 306 ah.
- Al Nukat fi Ijaaz Al Quran. Abul Hasan Ramaani. 384 ah.
- Ijaaz Al Quran. Imam Khataabi. 388 ah.
- Ijaaz Al Quran. Abu Bakr Baaqilani. 403 ah.
- Ijaaz Al Quran. Abdul Qahir Jurjani. 474 ah.
Similitude’s mentioned in the Quran.
When it comes to beliefs and actions, there are also many similitude’s which are mentioned in the Quran. This is done with the purpose so that people can understand more easily the wrongfulness of their actions and behaviour.
When we look at the action of shirk, this has been described as weak as a spiders web. At the same time, those who insist or committing shirk have been compared to mere animals in spite of having a heart, intelligence and a brain. At the same time, by committing nifaaq, this has been compared to seed from which seven shoots appear and from every stem there is another seven stems or branches.
As for those who have objected to some of these similitude’s, the Quran has also given answers to them as well.
From this we come to understand that as the Quran has given examples in other faculties, in like manner, it is has given us examples in this faculty as well. At the same time, we also come to learn how evidence is presented in this regard and through which wisdom and objective. We also come to understand how these similitudes have been used to answer which arguments. In like manner, when we see these examples, we are also able to answer the questions of those who still object to the truth of the Quran and the message of the Quran.
Firstly, there is no doubt that in every community, each has its own method of presenting their similitude and examples of these. At the same time, we will also learn how to use which example for which type of people. Such is the amazing quality of the Quran. Therefore, when people study the Quran, they should be able to use this in their everyday life and discussion and be able to answer questions from the Quran itself.
We see that there are many misled people who do not even have the proper Aqaaid continue to use the Quran for their own personal objective and yet, as Sunni Muslims, we should make a greater effort to understand the Quran because this is something which has come for our guidance. It is sad that people would spend hours and hours trying to understand English education and the manner in which they can use this to answer questions about the Quran, yet, they completely forget to look at the Quran for answers.
Our Ulama have not also lacked in writing about this topic as well and some of the most famous books on this subject has been written by eminent Ulama such as Imam Abu Abdur Rahman Salamah May Allah have mercy upon him and Imam Abul Hasan Mawuradi May Allah have mercy upon him. Another important aspect in this field is that when we look at the examples and similitude’s presented, we will see that it would appeal to the minds of anyone from a common person to a great scholar and this is the reason that no one has been able to answer the challenge of the Quran.
When we look at the example of shirk which is mentioned and the example of a spider web which is presented. People would indeed be shocked when they see this. As much as a spider works on its web and spends day and night in the creation of this web, yet, at the end of the day, it is weak and can be easily destroyed. In like manner, the person who spends day and night worshipping an idol believes that he is making his beliefs stronger, yet, very soon, he will come to know how weak his belief are that these beliefs of his will never be able to help and assist him in the grave or anywhere else. People are finding all types of things to worship not realizing that everything is the creation of the Almighty and they can be compared to people who look at the rays of the sun, but refuse to accept that it emanates from somewhere.
Muhkam and Mutashaabeh.
From the first ruku of Surah Ale Imran, we come to know that there are two types of instructions or education in the Quran. One is considered as a Muhkam and the other is Muta shaa bah. The Almighty also informs the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him that He, the Divine Creator is Al Hayy and Al Qayyum and in this the Quran, He has revealed that which is Muhkam or clear and this is the basis of this book and the other is Muta shaa bi haat. The first type of verses are which is established on its meaning and it is also clearly apparent and the second type are those verses whose true meaning or subject and claim is unclear.
This is the quite clear. In other words, the Quran is divided into these two categories. The first is that which pertains to Tauheed, Risaalat, command and prohibition, halal and haram. These are those things which a human can fully understand and comprehend. The second category is that which is beyond the human intellect. In fact, the normal common sense and intellect of a human cannot comprehend these facets. This would include such as the Divine Being of the Almighty, life after death, the conditions in the hereafter, the truth about reward and punishment in the hereafter etc.
These are not things which are illogical but are certainly things which are beyond the comprehension of normal intellect. However, at the same time, it was important to bring this to the attention of humans and hence, various similitudes and examples were presented so that man could understand this better. However, the actual meaning of these things are known only to the Almighty. If a person starts to try and explain this using his own intellect, he will certainly fail. This is the reason that in Surah Ale Imran, verse 7, the Quran declares:
ہُوَ الَّذِیۡۤ اَنۡزَلَ عَلَیۡکَ الْکِتٰبَ مِنْہُ اٰیٰتٌ مُّحْکَمٰتٌ ہُنَّ اُمُّ الْکِتٰبِ وَاُخَرُ مُتَشٰبِہٰتٌؕ فَاَمَّا الَّذِیۡنَ فِیۡ قُلُوۡبِہِمْ زَیۡغٌ فَیَتَّبِعُوۡنَ مَا تَشٰبَہَ مِنْہُ ابْتِغَآءَ الْفِتْنَۃِ وَابْتِغَآءَ تَاۡوِیۡلِہٖۚ وَمَا یَعْلَمُ تَاۡوِیۡلَہٗۤ اِلَّا اللہُ ۘؔ وَالرَّاسِخُوۡنَ فِی الْعِلْمِ یَقُوۡلُوۡنَ اٰمَنَّا بِہٖۙ کُلٌّ مِّنْ عِنۡدِ رَبِّنَاۚ وَمَا یَذَّکَّرُ اِلَّاۤ اُولُوا الۡاَلْبٰبِ﴿۷﴾
It is He Who has sent down to you (O Mohammed) this Book (the Qur’an) containing the verses that have a clear meaning – they are the core of the Book – and other verses the meanings of which are indistinct; those in whose hearts is deviation pursue the verses having indistinct meanings, in order to cause turmoil and seeking its (wrongful) interpretation; and only Allah knows its proper interpretation; and those having sound knowledge say, “We believe in it, all of it is from our Lord”; and none accept guidance except the men of understanding.
However, there have been certain people who have tried to interpret these verses using their own intellect and also using certain Greek philosophy and because of this, the debate on this topic has become very lengthy and drawn out. Another important factor which has been explained by the Ulama is that even in the issue of Muhkam verses, it is the Ulama who are established on knowledge that can fully understand what is being commanded and prohibited.
Hence, some have given the impression that to understand the Muhkam verses, one has to have a full understanding of the Arabic language. However, when it comes to the Muta shaa bi haat verses, it is not sufficient to merely understand the Arabic language. One has to be established in knowledge and this means that there are other faculties which are required as well.
These people are of the opinion that a Muhkam verse are all of those verses which are so clear and apparent in its meaning that there is no need to even look at the Tafseer or any other explanation and a person who is established in Arabic language will be able to understand these verses and its meaning. As for the Muta shaa bi haat verses, they need to be explained because there are many diverse meaning which can be extracted from these verses. At the same time, these people also admit that there are two branches in the Muta shaa bi haat. The first is that which is connected to a certain law and a servant has been commanded to perform a certain action. The second is that which is not connected to any law or command but pertains to certain Divine Attributes of the Almighty which if interpreted by merely using the intellect would certainly be against the Divine Greatness of the Almighty. This would include descriptions such as “the Hand of Allah” etc. This type of Muta shaa bi haat would be in the second category. Each one of them will be further discussed. (Taarike Ulum wal Afkaar Islami).
At the same time, various other descriptions and definition about Muhkam and Muta shaa bi haat have also been presented and these number over fourteen. In fact, describing these two types of Quranic verses have become a separate subject and topic and have become a separate faculty altogether. (Al Atqan).
There is also no doubt that when one studies the Quran, a person would be faced with both types of verses and various types of questions would appear in the mind of a person. One of the questions which would appear in the mind of a person is that; if these verses and the meaning of these verses are known only to the Almighty, then what is purpose of revealing these verses and what is the purpose of having them placed in the Quran? Again when it is beyond our intellect and comprehension. Another important point is that we have been told to study the Quran and how would this be possible with these verses being present?
All of these types of questions and confusion would appear in the mind of a person. However, after carefully looking at the wisdom of these verses, many of these questions are answered and man becomes satisfied with the following. In other words, these are verses which have been commanded by the Almighty and as Muslims, when we say that we obey and accept, it means we must obey and accept even if our intellect cannot comprehend these hidden meanings.
The various treatises on these subjects.
These subjects have been dealt with in great length by such eminent scholars as Imam Raaghib Isfahani May Allah have mercy upon him in the “Mufri daat Al Quran” and by Imam Razi May Allah have mercy upon him in his Tafseer. Others have also tried to explain these subjects as well as Imam Kisaa’i who was a noted scholar on Arabic Nahw and Qirah. He wrote a treatise entitled, “Al Burhan fi Tauji Muta shaa bihat Al Quran”. In like manner, Imam Habeeb Nishapuri also wrote a treatise on this subject.
The various pledge or oath taken in the Quran.
In the Quran, we see that an oath or pledge had been taken with various objects. At times, it was taken with olives, at times with grapes and at times with the heavens, the stars, the wind, the mountains and at times with the speeding hoofs of horses. When we see these things, there are various questions which arises in the mind of a person. One of the obvious question is why have these pledges or oaths being taken. To take an oath seems to be against the Divine Greatness of the Almighty. An oath is taken by someone who is not sure of his standpoint through which people can have certainty.
The basic foundation of belief is belief in the Divine Unity of the Almighty, Prophet hood and the hereafter and these issues cannot be resolved through taking an oath or pledge, therefore, the obvious question would be be; what is the purpose of this oath? As for those who have already accepted faith, there is no need to present an oath in front of them, hence, what is the purpose of an oath?
Another question which arises is that the greater the person, the greater the object which is being sworn on. However, when we look at the Quran, we see that these oaths have been taken on objects like olives. What is the purpose of something like this? At the same time, how is it possible that the Divine Creator would take an oath on an ordinary creation. However, the mufassireen have presented a complete explanation in this regard.
They have explained that all of these things which have been mentioned in the Quran have been merely brought forward as a means of Shahaadat or testimony. In Surah Al Asar, the Almighty declares, “By the oath of this era”. The mufassireen explain that by this is meant that this time itself is a testimony that man “is surely in loss”. This era itself is a testimony that indeed those who have brought faith and have performed good deeds, they are not in loss.
It is obvious that when something like this is mentioned, then no one is in doubt about this. After all, time itself is a proof that most people find themselves in loss and misguidance. After all, when we say that time and space is a witness to what is happening around us, this is a factual statement.
Books written on this subject.
Imam Razi May Allah have mercy upon him has also explained this subject in his tafseer and has presented an in depth explanation as well. One of the most famous treatises written on this subject has been completed by Allamah Hameedudeen Faraa’ih (passed away 1349 ah.). The name of the treatise is “Al Am’aan fi Aqsaam Al Quran”. The urdu translation of this was completed by one of his special students Moulana Ameen Ahsan Islaahi.
Stories and incidents in the Quran.
The Quran also explains the appearance of various Prophets in the past and the different experiences which they went through. It also presents an explanation about various communities which existed in the past. It must also be borne in mind that the Quran is not merely a book which explains stories of the past. It is a book of guidance and a constitution which guides man in his entire existence. This is the Divine Purpose for which the Quran was revealed on the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him.
The question therefore arises is: for what purpose has these past incidents and stories been presented? The Ulama have mentioned that these would be four main reasons.
- They explain that in Surah Fatiha, a slave make a special dua which is:
Guide us on the Straight Path. The path of those whom You have favoured – Not the path of those who earned Your anger – nor of those who are astray.
In these words, the Almighty has informed man that he should be seeking guidance from the Almighty not to be on this path or that path of ignorance and misguidance. At the same time, he should be sincerely making dua to the Almighty to be on the path of guidance. Because this is the path on which he will find salvation in both worlds.
- Another important lesson which we learn from all of these stories and incidents of the past is that Islam is not a new religion. In fact, Islam is that original religion for which all the Prophets were sent to propagate and bring people towards. However, as the time went on and people began to change, the shariah of each nation also changed although the basis was the religion of Islam. However, when the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him arrived then Shairah in religion was complete and also the chain of Prophet hood.
- Another important lesson which we are able to get from this is that as Islam was the original religion taught by all Prophets, in like manner, many people behaved in the same manner over the years as this religion was revealed to them. In other words, those who accepted the religion had to endure hardships and trials and yet finally, these were the people who were successful. As for those who did not accept the religion, they felt that they had been given a break or a chance, however, finally, they were the ones who were the people that had lost.
- Another important lesson which is achieved from this is that; those people who refuse to listen to the message of truth and create other paths and roads which are completely against the Divine Pleasure of the Almighty and continue to practice upon these man made laws; finally, they will be the people who will be destroyed. This has always been the final consequences of those who have adopted this type of behavior. At the same time, there can be no change in this because this is the nature of things. This fact is also explained in Surah Bani Israel.
At the same time, the Quran is also warning people that if they do not heed the warning of the Quran and the call of Islam, then they should not think that they have a unique position and connection with the Almighty and because of this, He will change his Divine Plan and Divine Command. They will also suffer the same consequences as those who have deliberately disobeyed the command of shariah.
Treatises on this subject.
Many mufasarreen have explained this subject in their respective works and have written many books on the subject of “Qasasul Quran”. Some of them are:
- At Tareef wa ‘Alaam bima Ambahum fil Al Quran min Al Asmaa wa A’laam by Abul Qasim Abdur Rahman Suhayli who passed away in 581 ah.
- Sabat Asmaa Al Ambiyah alaihimus salaam Al lazi zakaru fi Al Quran Al Kareem by Allamah Ahmed Al Adawi.
- At Taqreer fi At Takreer by Mohammed Abul Khair Aabideen who passed away in 1343 ah.
A summery of Tafseer and Taweel.
There is no doubt that the Quran is a fountain of knowledge and the knowledge which is found within the Quran is beyond the intellect of a normal human being to be able to encompass. Among these faculties is the faculty of Tafseer and Taweel. We wish to explain what is Tafseer and with this, the subject of Taweel will also be explained. Obviously, this subject is vitally important for a mufassir. One of the obvious reasons is that within this faculty, the issue of Mutashaa bi haat, reasons for revelation, titles of the Quran, the various surahs, what is muhkam, what is mutashaa bihaat, what is naasikh, what is mansukh, the examples within the Quran etc all of these various branches of knowledge also come within it.
The word Tafseer is based on three letters which are Fa Sa and Ra or Fasrun. The actual implication of this word signifies explanation or elaboration. When it is used in the past tense, it signifies, “to elaborate, to explain, to pin point an objective, to remove a veil or to UN-conceal.” The meaning of “Fas ran” also signifies elaboration or explanation.
The meaning of the word, “Fasrul Amar” means to fully explain a certain issue or its objective. From this, the word Tafseer appears. In other words, a sentence is explained. Another word extracted from this is Tafsarah which is another name of Qa rurah and it signifies the act of a physician coming to know what the illness of a person is. In other words, the meaning of this would be to “come to know or understand another object.”
Another similar word is ‘Safrun” which signifies the removal of a veil or cover. This is used when we say that a female has removed the covering from her face. The words ‘Safarus Subah’ means that the light or brightness has appeared. The words, ‘Safarus Shay’ implies explaining something separately. From this word ‘safrun’, the word safar is also derived which signifies traveling. In other words, while traveling, the true nature of a person becomes apparent or clear. At the same time, it could also imply that during a journey, various objects and places become apparent and clear to a traveler.
Hence, the word ‘safrun’ would imply both internal and external revelation or elaboration or explanation.
The common implication of the word “Tafseer”.
The word Tafseer is from the scale of “Fasrun” whose meaning is to elaborate or make clear a certain phrase, sentence or paragraph or the meaning of such things.
The easy meaning of this is that it implies that faculty or branch of knowledge through which the Book of Allah, the Quran is understood. Obviously, it implies that Book which was revealed to the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. Through this faculty also, the actual import of the Quran and its various laws and injunctions also become apparent and clear. This is also achieved using the various laws of Arabic grammar, Nahw, Sarf etc.
One has to also understand the various laws which pertain to the actual basis of revelation and the laws of naasikh and mansukh. Another word which is found in this journey is the word “Taweel”.
The meaning of Taweel.
The base letters of this word are Alif Wa and Lam. This also implies explanation and revealing the true meaning of something. In other words, it implies the revealing of the actual meaning of that word or subject. Since the word “Taweel” is from the base or root of “Taf’eel” it would mean returning to its original meaning.
This is further explained in Surah Ale Imran, verse seven. In surah Yusuf, verse six, the same has been explained. Also in verse forty four of the same Surah and verse one hundred.
From all of this, we come to understand that the words Tafseer and Taweel are similar words. If we look at historical records as well, we come to understand that until the fourth or fifth century, the word Taweel was used to signify Tafseer or used in that sense. The treatises of Ibn Qutaybiyah in 276 ah “Taweel Mushkil Al Quran” and Imam Maturadi, “Taawi laat Al Quran” are very famous works in this regard. In fact, these books can be presented as a solid evidence. Using this as their argument, certain Ulama have also maintained that there is no difference between the meaning of Tafseer and Taweel. They have also used the 33rd verse of Surah Furqan and the 7th verse of Surah Ale Imran in their argument.
The technical difference in meaning between the both.
As long as these words were considered as similar in meaning, the Ulama made a slight distinction between the both just for the sake of ease. They gave the explanation that the word Tafseer implied the act of explaining difficult words and letters while Taweel implied the act of explaining difficult sentences and meaning. However, this was not accepted by all the Ulama.
However, later in history as different faculties acquired their own identity and character, the technical aspect of both words acquired their own meaning and implication. They also began to acquire their own difference. Hence, they became known as two separate branches.
Abu Hayyan Al Andalusi the writer of Bahr Al Muheet explained it in this manner. He explains, “Tafseer is unique to the explanation or elaboration of difficult word or words while Taweel signifies the explanation of sentences or passages and its meaning.” In the Al Mufri daat, Imam Raaghib Isfahani writes, “In other words, the word Tafseer has become more common than Taweel. Tafseer would also include the Quran and other non revealed books while the act of Taweel is specific to the Quran.” Tafseer is used mostly to implicate the explanation of single words while the Taweel is used to imply the meaning of a complete sentence or passage.
Some have explained that, “According to its technical implication, Tafseer would signify the meaning of the Quran and its intent and the search thereof whether it is a difficult word, the meaning of that word and its various dimension both internal or external. Taweel would imply the exact meaning of that word and specify a meaning or a subject matter to that word or sentence.”
According to Imam Maturadi May Allah have mercy upon him, the meaning of Tafseer is another name for that certainty which gives the meaning of a certain word. In fact, it creates such certainty that one can comfortable say that this is what is meant by the Almighty. The meaning of Taweel is to have a few different opinions of a certain word and one cannot say that this is the exact meaning of the word.
Imam Abu Nasr Al Qushayri May Allah have mercy upon him states that, “Tafseer is subject to news and following the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him while Taweel is the name of Ijtihad and extraction of various laws and regulations.
In brief, whatever subject or meaning is acquired from the Quran and it also becomes clear through the sunnah of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and the Ahadith, that would be called Tafseer. After that, keeping the subject matter and meaning in mind to then be able to extract or deduce various laws by the learned Ulama would be considered as Taweel.
Allamah Abu Talib As Salabi May Allah have mercy upon him states that, “Tafeer implies the clarification of a certain word. In a real or metaphorical sense. Taweel would signify the inner meaning or import of a word. Taweel would then mean giving the actual meaning of a word or sentence and Tafseer would imply the actual proof or evidence.
In Surah Fajr, verse 14 the Quran declares:
اِنَّ رَبَّکَ لَبِالْمِرْصَادِ ﴿ؕ۱۴﴾
Undoubtedly, nothing is absent from the sight of Your Lord.
The word “Mirsaad” in this verse is extracted from the root word, “Rasad” which implies to lie in wait or to take care of. The Taweel of this verse is that we should protect ourself from bad deeds and we should not be lazy in fulfilling the Divine Orders of the Almighty.
Some have mentioned that, “Whatever has been mentioned in the Quran and has also been established with Sunnah, to reveal this is Tafseer. (Hence, a person is not allowed to change this with his own Ijtihad. If he does this, it would be considered as Tafseer bir Raa’i or Tafseer using your own opinion which is prohibited). Taweel is considered to be those rules and regulations which the Ulama are able to establish. Obviously, it would mean those Ulama who are well established on knowledge.
Some have mentioned that, “that which is explained in its apparent sense is called Tafseer and that which is mentioned even though it may appear to be contrary to outer and apparent knowledge is to be considered as Taweel. Shah Abdul Aziz Muhadith Dehlwi may Allah have mercy on him has mentioned that there are three things which need to be borne in mind in Tafseer. The first is that every word should be placed on its actual meaning or its commonly accepted metaphorical sense.
One should also bear in mind the common usage of the day so that there is always a connection between each word or sentence. The third is that his Tafseer should not be against the Tafseer or explanation of those who witnessed revelation, or against the teachings of the Holy Prophet Peace and Salutations be upon him or against the teachings of the blessed Ashaab may Allah have mercy on them.
If the first condition is not met, it is considered as Taweel Qareeb. If the second condition is not met, it is considered as Taweel Ba’eed and if the third condition is not met, it is considered as Tahreef or complete distortion of the Quran.
The importance of Tafseer.
It is an accepted fact that the intellect of every person is not the same. There is always a great difference in the thinking of each person. Some are intelligent and others are not. Some are sadly devoid of common sense. At the same time, at times when learned people explain certain points, people find it difficult to understand, hence this has to be explained. If this is the case with the speech of common people, imagine the great need to explain the Divine Revelation through Tafseer. After all, bear in mind, that this is the Divine Message of the Almighty to mankind.
Hence, Tafseer has to be presented to mankind so that more and more people understand the message of the Quran.
At the same time, the Quran is a book of principles and a book which is explained in full and in which there are various basic and subsidiary issues, hence, it becomes necessary to explain all of these hidden and apparent issues. All of these needs are fulfilled through the faculty of Tafseer.
This is also one of the key responsibilities and descriptions of the Holy Prophet Peace and Salutations be upon him which has been explained in the Quran. In one verse, he has been described as someone “who teaches the Book”. In one verse, it is explained, “we have revealed this Zikr to you so that you can explain to people what has been revealed to you”. In another part of the Quran, it is mentioned, “We have revealed this Zikr on you with truth so that you may decide between people what is the Divine Intent of the Almighty”.
From the Ahadith also, it becomes clear that the Holy Prophet Peace and Salutations be upon him did emphasis the need to learn and study Tafseer. In one narration he has mentioned that one should study Surah Hadeed and its tafseer. In one report, he also praised Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas may Allah have mercy on him as being a great translator of the Quran. After he left this mundane world, this continued to be the practice of the blessed Ashaab may Allah have mercy on them.
In fact, they also continued to teach their students as well. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Mas’ud may Allah have mercy on him taught in the city of Kufah and this continued among the generation after them and so on. This fact has continued until the preset day.
We also come to understand from this fact that to make Tafseer is also a form of sunnah because this is established from the Holy Prophet Peace and Salutations be upon him. He also commanded this as well and also lauded this fact. At the same time, the amazing contribution of the blessed Ashaab and those who followed them are also quite apparent. This is indeed a very blessed faculty which demands that there should be extreme caution and care taken when making Tafseer. At the same time, the key intent of the Quran is that this is the Divine Word of the Almighty and mankind should make an effort to study the Quran, he should make an effort to understand it and also be able to practice upon it.
The Quran and modern science.
We also notice that as knowledge of science improves and increases on a daily basis, the Quran has already mentioned these facts hundreds of years ago. We are indeed very lucky that the Almighty has created us among the Muslims and as such, we do not have to search for these facts. Be that as it may, still, it is also important that as Muslim we should also carefully study the Quran and analyses carefully what is to be found in the Quran and what has been revealed in its message.
We read the Quran in Arabic, yet, when we study the words and message of the Quran and study the Tafseer of each word and verse, we will come to understand the creation in a completely different light. In fact, this will also create a greater urge in you to worship the Divine Creator. It will also create a sense of spiritual peace within you and you will also be able to understand and come to the realization that the Quran is indeed the Divine Word of the Almighty sent for the guidance of creation.
Some of the following verses in the Quran gives us an understanding of various scientific fact and some of which are still to be discovered.
In Surah Naml, verse 88, the Quran declares:
وَ تَرَی الْجِبَالَ تَحْسَبُہَا جَامِدَۃً وَّ ہِیَ تَمُرُّ مَرَّ السَّحَابِ ؕ صُنْعَ اللہِ الَّذِیۡۤ اَتْقَنَ کُلَّ شَیۡءٍ ؕ اِنَّہٗ خَبِیۡرٌۢ بِمَا تَفْعَلُوۡنَ ﴿۸۸﴾
And you shall see the mountains, you shall think that they are fixed, but they will be passing (like) the passing of the clouds. This is the work of Allah Who made every thing with wisdom. Undoubtedly, He is aware of your works.
Fact: Only recently, it was found that even a huge mountain like the Himalayas is increasing about two inches every year. In other words, they are moving as well like the clouds.
In Surah Al Ambiyah, verse 30, the Quran declares:
اَوَلَمْ یَرَ الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡۤا اَنَّ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الْاَرْضَ کَانَتَا رَتْقًا فَفَتَقْنٰہُمَا ؕوَجَعَلْنَا مِنَ الْمَآءِ کُلَّ شَیۡءٍ حَیٍّ ؕ اَفَلَا یُؤْمِنُوۡنَ ﴿۳۰﴾
Did the infidels not consider that the heavens and earth were closed up, then We opened them out? And We made every made living thing from water. Will they then believe?
Fact: It has been proven through science that everything was created from water.
In Surah Yaseen, verse 80, the Quran declares:
الَّذِیۡ جَعَلَ لَکُمۡ مِّنَ الشَّجَرِ الْاَخْضَرِ نَارًا فَاِذَاۤ اَنۡتُمۡ مِّنْہُ تُوۡقِدُوۡنَ ﴿۸۰﴾
Who produced fire for you out of the green tree, henceforth you kindle therefrom.
Fact: We know that oxygen appears from lush green trees and plants and this is one of the greatest forms of increasing a fire. In other words, oxygen is one of the greatest methods of increasing fire when it is present, hence, when there is a huge dangerous fire, we are told to block this fire against any oxygen. How many hundreds of years before, this fact was revealed to mankind?
In Surah Sajdah, verse 5, the Quran declares:
یُدَبِّرُ الْاَمْرَ مِنَ السَّمَآءِ اِلَی الْاَرْضِ ثُمَّ یَعْرُجُ اِلَیۡہِ فِیۡ یَوْمٍ کَانَ مِقْدَارُہٗۤ اَلْفَ سَنَۃٍ مِّمَّا تَعُدُّوۡنَ ﴿۵﴾
He plans the affairs from the heaven to the earth, then it will return to Him in a day whose measure is a thousand years in your counting.
Fact: This proves the slow movement of time on earth. In other words, what takes us a thousand years to complete on earth, takes only one day in the heavens to complete. Therefore, when it is mentioned that the heavens and earth were created in seven days, in earth time, it would signify seven thousand years.
In Surah Al Ma’arij, verse 4, the Quran declares:
تَعْرُجُ الْمَلٰٓئِکَۃُ وَ الرُّوۡحُ اِلَیۡہِ فِیۡ یَوْمٍ کَانَ مِقْدَارُہٗ خَمْسِیۡنَ اَلْفَ سَنَۃٍ ۚ﴿۴﴾
The angels and Jibrael ascend towards Him. That chastisement will fall on a day the measure of which is fifty thousand years.
Fact: This verse also gives us a clear indication of the speed in which the Angels and souls will travel in one day. In other words, they will travel a distance in one day which would normally take a person fifty thousand years to travel. In fact, according to science, if an object travels at a speed of three hundred thousand kilometers a second, it would disappear from our vision even though it may be in front of us. This proves that even though the Angels and souls are in front of us, yet, the speed of these objects are such which makes it impossible for us to be able to see them.
In Suran Waq’iah, verse 75,76, the Quran declares:
Then I swear by the places where the stars set. And if you know that is mighty oath.
Fact: This has also being proven by science that there are millions of celestial objects in the heavens which travel their own course and sets and disappears as their time comes. In fact, science has not even being able to fully discover the actual galaxies in the heavens.
In Surah At Talaq, verse 12, the Quran declares:
اَللہُ الَّذِیۡ خَلَقَ سَبْعَ سَمٰوٰتٍ وَّ مِنَ الْاَرْضِ مِثْلَہُنَّ ؕ یَتَنَزَّلُ الْاَمْرُ بَیۡنَہُنَّ لِتَعْلَمُوۡۤا اَنَّ اللہَ عَلٰی کُلِّ شَیۡءٍ قَدِیۡرٌ ۬ۙ وَّ اَنَّ اللہَ قَدْ اَحَاطَ بِکُلِّ شَیۡءٍ عِلْمًا﴿۱۲﴾٪
Allah is, it is He, who made seven heavens, and of the earth their like; the commandment comes down in their midst, so that you may know that Allah can do everything, and the knowledge of Allah encompasses everything.
Fact: Science has also proven the expansiveness of the first heavens and that it cannot even be defined or a figure cannot be placed on this expansiveness.
In Surah Nahl, verse 68, 69 the Quran declares:
وَ اَوْحٰی رَبُّکَ اِلَی النَّحْلِ اَنِ اتَّخِذِیۡ مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُیُوۡتًا وَّمِنَ الشَّجَرِ وَمِمَّا یَعْرِشُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۶۸﴾
And your Lord inspired the bee, Make houses in the hills and in the trees and in the roofs.
ثُمَّ کُلِیۡ مِنۡ کُلِّ الثَّمَرٰتِ فَاسْلُکِیۡ سُبُلَ رَبِّکِ ذُلُلًا ؕ یَخْرُجُ مِنۡۢ بُطُوۡنِہَا شَرَابٌ مُّخْتَلِفٌ اَلْوٰنُہٗ فِیۡہِ شِفَآءٌ لِّلنَّاسِ ؕ اِنَّ فِیۡ ذٰلِکَ لَاٰیَۃً لِّقَوْمٍ یَّتَفَکَّرُوۡنَ ﴿۶۹﴾
Then eat of every kind of fruit, and walk the ways of your Lord that is smooth and easy for you. There comes out from their bellies a drink of varied colors in which there is healing for the people. Undoubtedly in it there is sign for those who ponder.
Fact: Again science has proven that the nectar which the bees are able acquire from the plants come in all colors, yet, the honey which is created from these different plants comes in one color and is certainly a great medication which people are only recently discovering.
The Quranic verses and the evidence of science.
There is no doubt that such immense information is found in the Quran pertaining to various medical faculties which was certainly not known to man prior to the Quran being revealed. In this regard also, we will present a few verses from the Quran as well.
In Surah Nahl, verse 66, the Quran declares:
وَ اِنَّ لَکُمْ فِی الۡاَنْعٰمِ لَعِبْرَۃً ؕ نُسْقِیۡکُمۡ مِّمَّا فِیۡ بُطُوۡنِہٖ مِنۡۢ بَیۡنِ فَرْثٍ وَّدَمٍ لَّبَنًا خَالِصًا سَآئِغًا لِّلشّٰرِبِیۡنَ ﴿۶۶﴾
And no doubt, there is a lesson for you in the cattle. We give you to drink of what is in their bellies from between the dung and blood, milk pure easy to swallow for the drinkers.
There is no doubt that whatever the domestic animals consume, it is through this that they are able to give milk to man. Yet, such is the purity of milk that it has no bad odor or taste or an bad color which signifies that it is unclean. Yet, the Quran explains this in such a manner that no human was aware of the production of milk prior to this.
Even the most learned doctor or medical expert of his age was unaware of how milk is produced. Yet, the Quran explains the manner in which the animals feed and the manner in which they are able to turn ordinary grass and grain into pure milk which is considered as one of the most healthiest drinks in the world.
At the same time, the manner in which all of this food is filtered in the stomach of the animal is also explained.
However, all of this becomes apparent to a person who sincerely believes in the Almighty. When a person begins to sincerely believe in the Almighty, the Almighty blesses him with guidance and knowledge. In Surah Al An’am, verse 125, the Quran declares:
فَمَنۡ یُّرِدِ اللہُ اَنۡ یَّہۡدِیَہٗ یَشْرَحْ صَدْرَہٗ لِلۡاِسْلٰمِ ۚ وَمَنۡ یُّرِدْ اَنۡ یُّضِلَّہٗ یَجْعَلْ صَدْرَہٗ ضَیِّقًا حَرَجًا کَاَنَّمَا یَصَّعَّدُ فِی السَّمَآءِ ؕ کَذٰلِکَ یَجْعَلُ اللہُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَی الَّذِیۡنَ لَا یُؤْمِنُوۡنَ ﴿۱۲۵﴾
And whomsoever Allah wishes to show the way, He opens his breast for Islam, and whomsoever wishes to lose his way, He makes his breast narrow, straitened well as if he is climbing up into the sky forced by some one else And thus Allah inflicts Punishment on those who believe not.
There are some very important lessons to be known from this verse of the Quran. The first lesson to be understood is that when a person wishes to receive guidance, then Almighty creates means and ways of that person accepting guidance. If a person refuses to accept guidance and acts like he is Mr know it all, then certainly no guidance will come to him. How many have been presented with evidence from the Quran and yet, they act like they do not understand a word which is being said to them.
Even if you place the facts in front of them, it is like they are looking right past you. In fact, some of them even start to breath heavily. We also know that when a person climbs higher, the more he begins to breathe heavy. Hence, this person acts like a great weight has been placed on his chest and he also starts to make all types of faces like he is extremely uncomfortable.
However, there is something which people need to look at very carefully. When a person walks higher, by nature, he should be entering an area where the air is much cleaner and purer, therefore, why should he be battling to breathe? This is one of the amazing miracles of the Quran. Who knew nearly one thousand four hundred years ago that when a person walks higher, he is actually entering a place where the oxygen levels are much lower and hence his breathing becomes much more difficult? Look at the manner in which the Quran is explaining a scientific fact which was only going to be discovered hundreds of years later!
When we understand this example, we will understand the manner in which the Quran explains the reward of being guided and at the same time, without anyone realizing it, the Quran also gives us a scientific fact which will only be discovered years later. Therefore, at the same time, like a person will loose his life when he has no oxygen in this world, he will certainly loose any hope of salvation when he has no Imaan. However, such is the idiotic behavior of so called modern Muslim that they would become amazed by what the kaafir says and will completely ignore the Quran thinking of it as an old fashioned book, and yet, the Quran has all the answers to all of the worlds problems and questions.
This one single verse of the Quran is clearly informing mankind of the importance of oxygen for the human body and the importance of Imaan or faith for the internal being of a human. If he lacks the former, he will die physically and if he lacks the latter, he will spiritually die. In other words, even though he may seem to walk and talk in this world, but internally, he is actually a dead man walking.
Many people have not yet understood the Quran!
However, it must be remembered that as all of these facts were only going to be discovered and understood years later, the Holy Prophet Peace and Salutations be upon him was aware of all of these facts from the time this knowledge was given to him by the Almighty. This also proves that if the Quran was the creation of an ordinary human, he would never have been able to reveal all of these scientific facts which has only now been discovered by science.
This proves without a shadow of doubt that this is not a creation of man. It is the Divine Word of the Almighty from Whom nothing is hidden.
Another important scientific fact which is revealed in the Quran is the verse which appears in Surah Az Zaariyaat in which it is explained that everything has been created in pairs. In Surah Yaseen, verse 36, the Almighty declares:
سُبْحٰنَ الَّذِیۡ خَلَقَ الْاَزْوٰجَ کُلَّہَا مِمَّا تُنۡۢبِتُ الْاَرْضُ وَ مِنْ اَنۡفُسِہِمْ وَ مِمَّا لَا یَعْلَمُوۡنَ ﴿۳۶﴾
Sanctified is He who has made all pairs of what the earth grows, of themselves, and of those things of which they have no knowledge.
In other words, whether the creation is part of plants or animals, this verse of the Quran is clearly explaining to us that everything has been created in pairs. In fact, even the modern scientists has come to the conclusion that whatever is on earth both living or a non living object, they are in pairs.
The journey in the creation of man.
In surah Hajj, verse 5, the Quran declares:
یٰۤاَیُّہَا النَّاسُ اِنۡ کُنۡتُمْ فِیۡ رَیۡبٍ مِّنَ الْبَعْثِ فَاِنَّا خَلَقْنٰکُمۡ مِّنۡ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ مِنۡ نُّطْفَۃٍ ثُمَّ مِنْ عَلَقَۃٍ ثُمَّ مِنۡ مُّضْغَۃٍ مُّخَلَّقَۃٍ وَّ غَیۡرِ مُخَلَّقَۃٍ لِّنُبَیِّنَ لَکُمْ ؕ وَ نُقِرُّ فِی الْاَرْحَامِ مَا نَشَآءُ اِلٰۤی اَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّی ثُمَّ نُخْرِجُکُمْ طِفْلًا ثُمَّ لِتَبْلُغُوۡۤا اَشُدَّکُمْ ۚ وَ مِنۡکُمۡ مَّنۡ یُّـتَوَفّٰی وَ مِنۡکُمۡ مَّنۡ یُّرَدُّ اِلٰۤی اَرْذَلِ الْعُمُرِ لِکَیۡلَا یَعْلَمَ مِنۡۢ بَعْدِ عِلْمٍ شَیْـًٔا ؕ وَ تَرَی الْاَرْضَ ہَامِدَۃً فَاِذَاۤ اَنۡزَلْنَا عَلَیۡہَا الْمَآءَ اہۡتَزَّتْ وَ رَبَتْ وَ اَنۡۢـبَتَتْ مِنۡ کُلِّ زَوْجٍۭ بَہِیۡجٍ ﴿۵﴾
‘O people! If you have any doubt about the Resurrection, then consider that We created you from dust, then, from a drop of water (Sperm), then from the clot of blood, then from a piece of flesh fashioned and un-fashioned, so that We may manifest to you Our Signs. And We cause whom We will to remain in the womb of mothers until an appointed time, then We bring you out as infant, then in order that you may reach your maturity, and of you is one who dies early and is one who is put to a worthless age so that after knowing knows nothing. And you see the earth withered up then when We sent down water upon it, it was freshened and swelled up and grew every beauteous pair.
Again in Surah Mursilaat, verse 20 to 23, the Quran declares:
اَلَمْ نَخْلُقۡکُّمۡ مِّنۡ مَّآءٍ مَّہِیۡنٍ ﴿ۙ۲۰﴾
Did We not create you of a mean water?
فَجَعَلْنٰہُ فِیۡ قَرَارٍ مَّکِیۡنٍ ﴿ۙ۲۱﴾
Then We placed it in a safe place.
اِلٰی قَدَرٍ مَّعْلُوۡمٍ ﴿ۙ۲۲﴾
For a known measurement.
فَقَدَرْنَا ٭ۖ فَنِعْمَ الْقٰدِرُوۡنَ ﴿۲۳﴾
Then We measured, so what an excellent Measurers are We.
In Surah Mo’minun, verses 12 to 14, the Quran declares:
And assuredly, We made man from the extract of clay. Then We made him a drop of water and put in a strong serenity. Then We made the drop of water a clot, then We made the clot a piece of flesh, then We made the bones with flesh, then We developed it into another shape. So blessed be Allah, the Best Creator.
From all of these verses, we come to understand that man was created from sand and this is how Nabi Adam peace be upon was created. Mankind finds its beginning from this Prophet. At the same time, sustenance of man is from the same earth from which he was created. Hence, his creation from sand. At the beginning, no one in Arabia understood how man came into existence or how he is created, but as people became more learned, they began to understand this. At the same time, the Immense Divine Power of the Almighty is also being explained in these verses.
We come to know that man is created from a drop of water and then goes through various stages in his creation. The same with animals, however, within this creation, a difference is created within man and animal. We see that this combination of water in the womb of a female is lifeless and slowly, this small object beings to acquire life. At the same time, we begin to see that as each individual is created, there is a complete difference in each creation. No two people are alike. This fact can be seen from the finger prints of each individual. Such is the greatness of the Almighty that He creates every creature with its own unique qualities. Hence, the verse describes the fact that the Almighty is the Best of Creator.
In fact, when a person is born, all the requirements of his body are to be found within him. When a person sees this, he has no other words but to say that indeed the Almighty is the Best of Creator. Imam Razi may Allah have mercy on him explains that, “As this increases in age, the first creation of man (in other words), the state when he was merely water suddenly transforms into another creation all together.” He then continues to explain that, “The inner being of a human and his outer being are filled with such qualities and attributes that when a person tries to explain this, he finds it beyond his capability to explain any of this.
The last part of this verse which is that the Almighty is the Best of Creator is something which needs to be studied further. Even though the word which appears in this verse is in a plural sense. In other words, “He is the best of creators”, yet we all know that there is only One Creator and that is the Almighty Allah. In fact, if we believe for even one second that there is another creator, this would certainly negate the belief in the Divine Unity or Oneness of the Almighty. In other words, it would negate the basic belief of a Muslim in the Tauheed of the Almighty.
The Ulama explain it in this manner. They explain, “there are two meanings or explanation in the word ‘creation’. The first is to create something from new without there being another like it or there is no example which a person can copy. This is a quality which is unique to the Almighty and can never be found in someone else.”
The second example of creating something or bringing something into existence is to bring something which already has an example or copy thereof. This is also found in others. The description of the Almighty in this verse is used in its first meaning. At this stage, we will present a few words from the treatise entitled “Ar Rasul” which was written by a famous Egyptian scholar named Saeed Hawi. In fact, this book is a type of thesis which was presented by the learned scholar. There is no doubt that if you study the following words and advice very carefully, it would certainly be a means of increasing your Imaan and certainty.
In this treatise, he explains the 2nd verse of Surah ‘Alaq which is:
خَلَقَ الْاِنۡسٰنَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ ۚ﴿۲﴾
He made man from the clot of blood,
He explains the sperm and semen is able to meet at a specific place prior to entering the womb of the female. This is the first stage in the creation of a human. Even though this is a small piece of liquid, yet all the amazing physical and mental attributes of a human is confined in this small clot. This clot then travels to the womb of the female. This journey takes about a week. There are many other items which then join with this single clot and this resembles a piece of flesh.
This piece of flesh then attaches itself to the wall of the womb and begins to consume some of the germs within this part of the body. It then takes another shape and the blood of a female then begins to nourish this piece of flesh. The manner in which the Quran has described this is also something quite amazing. If one had to look at the description of the Quran and look at the pictures of modern science, this is exactly what appears in the womb of a female. Who would have been able to explain all of these medical secrets nearly a thousand years ago?
This clot then begins to increase in size and it also begins to transforms into another shape. Without any human help, it appears circular in shape. There also appears a small tube through which this piece of flesh is nourished. It is also extremely small. After this, suddenly there appears to be bones which appear in this small object. These bones then becomes covered with flesh and skin without the aid of any human.
There is no doubt that when a human sees this, he can only be amazed and nothing else. The complete creation of this mixing of the semen and sperm and what it creates and the manner in which this transforms into a piece of flesh and bones appear on this object which is then covered by skin is something which humans have only recently discovered through scanners and other objects. Yet, such is the glory of the Quran in that it had already giving us this information nearly a thousand years ago. It is sad to see that in spite of this, Muslims would look to the West for guidance when all the answers to his creation is to be found in the Quran!
In Surah Mu’minun, verse 14, the Quran declares:
ثُمَّ خَلَقْنَا النُّطْفَۃَ عَلَقَۃً فَخَلَقْنَا الْعَلَقَۃَ مُضْغَۃً فَخَلَقْنَا الْمُضْغَۃَ عِظٰمًا فَکَسَوْنَا الْعِظٰمَ لَحْمًا ٭ ثُمَّ اَنۡشَاۡنٰہُ خَلْقًا اٰخَرَ ؕ فَتَبٰرَکَ اللہُ اَحْسَنُ الْخٰلِقِیۡنَ ﴿ؕ۱۴﴾
Then We made the drop of water a clot, then We made the clot a piece of flesh, then We made the bones with flesh, then We developed it into another shape. So blessed be Allah, the Best Creator.
The key words in this verse is to look at the words, “then We developed it into another shape”. In other words, until now, the form of animal and human were the same in the womb. The same journey of a piece of water, the same journey towards the womb, the same attachment of this piece of water on the wall of the womb, thereafter, the creation of many parts in the body of this little creation, the creation of bones and flesh and the bones being covered with skin etc. In other words, until this stage, the animal and a human was no different. However, after all of this, suddenly a difference is seen in both of them. After about two months, there is sudden difference seen in one of them.
This is through the Divine Grace of the Almighty. At first, this piece of flesh was lifeless and suddenly there is life which is seen in this piece of flesh. The various attributes which differentiate a human from an animal is created within this piece of flesh. The power of intelligence and thought, the power to think and ponder, the power to control the different aspects of life is found in this piece of flesh, the power to govern and control is found in this piece of flesh. When a human sees this sudden transformation, he is left stunned by what he sees.
He is speechless and cannot understand how this change has suddenly appeared. How did a piece of flesh which at the beginning looked the same suddenly become a human and another piece of flesh remain an animal. At the same time, all the needs which are required for a human are been supplied to him in this confined and small space.
There is no doubt that when a human being sees this, all he can say is that indeed the Almighty is best of Creators. When we look at the piece of flesh which attaches itself to the wall of the womb, we give very little attention to it. Yet, when we study this piece of flesh, we will see that amazing transformation is taking place. Finally, this same small piece of flesh takes the form of a human and whatever qualities and attributes has been bestowed upon that child, slowly as he or she grows older, those qualities are clearly seen in this child.
All of this is summarized in the words of the Quran that this piece of flesh gains peace from being attached to the womb of the mother. In other words, the Almighty has indeed created a secure and safe place for the development of this small child. When various medical experts look at this part of human development, they can only stand and wonder and look in amazement. Another important fact is that as this child develops, in like manner, the size of the womb also increases and expands.
Finally, when the child is born, the size of the stomach and womb goes back to its original size. All of these amazing medical facts are mentioned in the Quran and only now, people are coming to know and understand subjects and topics which were revealed nearly a thousand years ago.
Another two verses.
We will now present another two verses of the Quran which will again prove its immense status and truth. In fact, both of these verses also reveal a fact and truth which was hidden from man until now. In other words, prior to these verses being revealed man was completely unaware of these facts. In surah Hajr, verse 22, the Quran declares:
وَ اَرْسَلْنَا الرِّیٰحَ لَوٰقِحَ فَاَنۡزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَآءِ مَآءً فَاَسْقَیۡنٰکُمُوۡہُ ۚ وَ مَاۤ اَنۡتُمْ لَہٗ بِخٰزِنِیۡنَ ﴿۲۲﴾
And We have sent winds fecundating the clouds, then We sent down water from the heaven. Then We gave it to you to drink, and you are not its treasurers.
Another verse in Surah Nur, verse 43, the Quran declares:
اَلَمْ تَرَ اَنَّ اللہَ یُزْجِیۡ سَحَابًا ثُمَّ یُؤَلِّفُ بَیۡنَہٗ ثُمَّ یَجْعَلُہٗ رُکَامًا فَتَرَی الْوَدْقَ یَخْرُجُ مِنْ خِلٰلِہٖ ۚ وَ یُنَزِّلُ مِنَ السَّمَآءِ مِنۡ جِبَالٍ فِیۡہَا مِنۡۢ بَرَدٍ فَیُصِیۡبُ بِہٖ مَنۡ یَّشَآءُ وَ یَصْرِفُہٗ عَنۡ مَّنۡ یَّشَآءُ ؕ یَکَادُ سَنَا بَرْقِہٖ یَذْہَبُ بِالْاَبْصٰرِ ﴿ؕ۴۳﴾
Have you not seen that Allah drives the clouds softly, then joins them together, and then piles them one over the other so that you see that rain comes out from the midst thereof? And He sends down from the sky wherein are mountains of ice, some hails out of them; then casts it over whom He will and turns it away from whom He will. It is very near that its flash of lightning may take away the sight.
In these verses, another important fact is being explained which is: although we know that plants are both male and female, yet, if the Almighty had not sent rain, in spite of them being male and female, there would be no plants on earth. In other words, man can never say that he has control over the plant world. These verses are also indicating to us that through the Divine Grace of the Almighty, rain appears through clouds and these clouds are driven by the wind.
At the same time, the Almighty is also mentioning to us that it is through His Divine Grace that this rain falls wherever He wishes it to fall. Another important fact which is mentioned in these verses is that besides carrying the clouds to its destination, the wind is also commanded by the Almighty to gather these clouds. Hence, the job of the wind is two fold in this regard.
The amazing movement of the wind and the method of their movement. The manner in which the wind carries them forward. The manner in which they are joined. The occurrence of lightning and the result of rain thereafter. All of these facts were never known to man prior to these verses been revealed. This again clearly proves that the Quran is certainly not the word of any creation but indeed the Divine Word of the Almighty.
The creation of everything from water.
In Surah Al Ambiyah, verse 30, the Quran declares:
اَوَلَمْ یَرَ الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡۤا اَنَّ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الْاَرْضَ کَانَتَا رَتْقًا فَفَتَقْنٰہُمَا ؕوَجَعَلْنَا مِنَ الْمَآءِ کُلَّ شَیۡءٍ حَیٍّ ؕ اَفَلَا یُؤْمِنُوۡنَ ﴿۳۰﴾
Did the infidels not consider that the heavens and earth were closed up, then We opened them out? And We made every made living thing from water. Will they then believe?
After explaining about His Divine Greatness, the Almighty is now explaining about His Divine Power and Greatness. The word “rataq” signifies something which is joined. This is according to the “Al Mufridaat”. However, the word “fataq” signifies the separation of two objects. In this verse, the Quran is explaining that prior to this, the present celestial objects and the earth were joined together. The Quran then explains that these were then separated.
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas may Allah have mercy on him as well as many other commentators of the Quran also mentions that, “The heavens and earth were one object. Their parts were joined. However, they were then separated through a gust of wind”. (Tafseer Qurtabi).
This conclusion by various experts were only concluded hundreds of years later and that too, after great research and study. However, the Quran had already indicated to this fact nearly a thousand years prior. Another explanation of the word, “rataq” and “fataq” is that at the beginning the opening of the heavens were closed and there was no rain and the opening of the earth was also closed. No vegetation was found on earth. Through the Divine Command of the Almighty, the heavens opened and rain began to fall. The seal of the earth was broken and various items of necessity then began to grow on earth. Allah knows the truth. (Zia-un-Nabi. volume 6).
Refutation of evolution.
The following article was written by Doctor Riyaadul Hasan Nuri in the Pakistan Times of 18th December 1969. In it, the theory of evolution as submitted by Darwin was completely refuted and dis proven. The idea that man originated from apes was also dis proven.
In fact, this ridiculous idea of evolution was also dis proven through the opinion of various other scientist as well.
Ralph L Beals and Harry Hoyjer in the book “An introduction to Anthropology” states, “This theory of evolution if for one moment is accepted as the truth while we accept that everything was created separately, then it also comes to the conclusion that everyone is free to have his own opinion on the actual creation of man.”.
Nearly fifty qualified scientists under the banner of the United Nations also concluded through their studies that the present human “homo sapiens” were found on earth nearly sixty thousand years earlier. On this occasion, these experts also refuted the idea that Neanderthal man was actually an ancestor of man. (Pakistan Times. 11th December 1969).
A few years earlier, this was also mentioned in the New York Times as well. In this article also, the idea of evolution was also refuted and it was clearly proven that various creation came into existence in their own separate manner. When this is the case, it becomes impossible to believe in the idea of evolution in the first place. At the same time, many other experts have also bid farewell to the idea of evolution when the facts have been presented to them.
There is also no doubt that there were many so called experts in the eighteen century who completely refuted the idea of a Divine Creator. People such as Karl Marx and Engels also appeared who refuted the Creator. In fact, even so called religious leaders also began to accept some of these heretical beliefs. Most of these religious leaders also became heretics themselves. However, as the facts of the Quran were being revealed to the world, many of these so called experts began to rethink their ideas.
There were also many scientists who believed that there was a Divine Creator to everything including a person like Einstein.
In fact, the idea and the inner conviction to believe in One Divine Creator is something which is built in man. No amount of false ideas and thoughts can turn him away from this conviction. Doctor Rudolph Otto after presenting many types of evidence and testimony himself admits that in every generation and century, man has always believed in a Supreme Principal or Supreme Being. This cannot be considered as something which was forced on them by religious fanatics but when one looks at man even in ancient times, he was always under the firm conviction that he was part of creation. Man has always considered that in this universe, there is also another Being who is beyond the comprehension of human intellect and this Divine Being has been described as someone who is “Overpowering, Absolute and Mighty.”
At times, man also felt that he was kept in this low position by this Mighty Being but still, there was always the attraction for this Divine Being whose presence was always felt by man in different times of history.
In fact, when we look at the words of these Western so called experts, we will only begin to understand the very first pledge which is mentioned in the Quran wherein the Almighty reveals that all creation accepted His Divine Might before the creation of anything. In other words, the act of saying “Balaa”.
This fact is mentioned in Surah Al ‘Araf, verse 102:
And We found most of them not true to their words, and necessarily, We found most of them disobedient.
In other words, most of them have forgotten their promise to the Almighty which they had made before anything was created. In fact, this message is also given through the hadith as well when it is mentioned that everyone is born on the religion of “fitrat” while the parents make this person into a Christian or a Jew or a fire worshiper etc. In other words, every child is born a Muslim accepting the Divine Existence of the Almighty. At the present time, there are many people who are beginning to believe in the Quran and the message of the Quran because they realize that only truth is to be found in the Quran.
In surah Haa Meem Sajdah, verse 53, the Quran explains:
سَنُرِیۡہِمْ اٰیٰتِنَا فِی الْاٰفَاقِ وَ فِیۡۤ اَنۡفُسِہِمْ حَتّٰی یَتَبَیَّنَ لَہُمْ اَنَّہُ الْحَقُّ ؕ اَوَ لَمْ یَکْفِ بِرَبِّکَ اَنَّہٗ عَلٰی کُلِّ شَیۡءٍ شَہِیۡدٌ ﴿۵۳﴾
Soon, We shall show them Our signs in the entire world and in their own selves, till it becomes clear to them that it is the truth. Is it not sufficient that your Lord is witness over all things?
In fact, some historians actually admit that even a mass murderer like Hitler also had no choice but to accept the existence of the Divine Creator when one inspects the final stages of his life even though he continued to object to the existence of a Divine Creator his entire life. One historian writes, “The fact cannot be ignored that one of the reasons that Hitler continued to oppose the church was because he felt that it would become an obstacle in his dream of achieving great power.
However, one day he also came to the conclusion that he was living with a female whom he had not married and they also children. Perhaps, this is the reason that in his last days, he made sure that he held a marriage ceremony to legalize their union. Two days later, both of them with their children had committed suicide.”.
In other words, from all of these words, we come to the conclusion that it is part of human nature to admit and accept the Divine Existence of the Almighty. In fact, we see that most people would call on the Creator when they are in dire problems even though they may not necessarily admit this to anyone.
It is a tragedy that in the present time, there are scientist who are proving the existence of the Almighty through their scientific works and experiments and there are priests belonging to the Christian religion; who have refuted the true message of Nabi Esa peace be upon and are going out of their way to disprove the existence of One Divine Creator through their corrupt belief based on their belief in the trinity. In fact some of these people have even admitted that it is still possible to remain a true Christian even though one does not believe in the Creator.
The two books which admit this heretical belief are “The radical theory and death of God” by Alitizer and Hamilton and the other is “God is no more” by Werner. In fact, one of the most famous organs of the church, the “Awake” magazine which is widely distributed around the word admits that, “There are few issues in the Bible which the church has not admitted to being incorrect. In fact, some leaders in the church have even admitted that the journey to the moon was nothing but a fable and made up story.
In fact, all of the authorities in the church do not belief in the biblical version of how creation came into existence.
In fact, whenever someone tries to prove the Bible, you will certainly find some priest somewhere who will be laughing at this action.” (Awake 22nd April 1969. Page 15. New York Times December 30th 1960. Page 18).
These people are found in Pakistan!
There is also no doubt that there are a few people in Pakistan who go out of their way to impersonate the people in the West. In fact, as we have said, in the West, there are people who refute the existence of the Creator and yet insist that they are Christians, in like manner, in Pakistan, there are also people who refute the existence of the Creator and yet still consider themselves as Muslims. There was an institute in Multan named Baha Shaani Academy. It was named after the founder of this heretical movement.
In fact, they had also taken out a book which was called “Social improvement”. The name of the writer on this book is someone called “Kalimullah”. In this book, he writes, “The rich and influential philosophers such as Aristotle had presented a picture of another world in which there was peace and comfort and reward and punishment and how to distance oneself from the world etc. This was the same message which was completed nearly four hundred years later by (Nabi) Esa (peace be upon him).”
In other words, as far as he was concerned, the great Prophet had merely come to substantiate the beliefs of rich philosophers of the past (ma’azallah). In other words, as far as they were concerned, the idea of believing in the One Divine Creator started only about eight hundred years before these philosophers, yet as Muslims, we believe that this was a message which was passed on from the time of Nabi Adam peace be upon him and continued with all other Prophets after him.
Yet in spite of these kufr beliefs, these people consider themselves as very learned and educated and as very modern in their thinking.
Sadly, this same type of beliefs are still found in the Christian beliefs and other religions besides Islam. In the Hindu culture, they have gods for different occasions and for different needs. The god of riches is someone else and the god of business someone else. Yet, they still consider themselves as modern and educated. In other words, they transform their god into their own environmental needs.
The sad part is that wherever the poison of mechanical revolution has taken place, instead of people becoming better Muslims, they have allowed themselves to become trapped by the corrupt beliefs of the West. Among their beliefs are:
- One of the greatest harm caused to mankind is to believe that there is a Super Divine Being which controls all of nature.
- When a nation becomes independent in trade and expansion, all wars will cease and there will be no need for religion.
How can such beliefs be part of someone who calls himself a Muslim. Yet, the sad part is that these are the same people who consider themselves as modern and educated Muslims!
The celestial creation.
In surah Inshiqaq, verse 18 and 19, the Quran declares:
وَ الْقَمَرِ اِذَا اتَّسَقَ ﴿ۙ۱۸﴾
And by the moon when it becomes full.
لَتَرْکَبُنَّ طَبَقًا عَنۡ طَبَقٍ ﴿ؕ۱۹﴾
You shall surely tide stage after stage.
In other words, the Quran is explaining to mankind that in spite of them being able to see the greatness of the moon, yet, they still do not believe in the Divine Greatness of the Almighty. A message is given to them that when they see the great creation all around them, this should certainly spur them further to believe in the Almighty.
In the old translation of the Quran, one of the explanations presented for this verse is that when a person is in Jannah he will travel by means of a special transport from one stage to the next. However, what is the need of a transport when one is already in Jannah? In fact, only recently, it has been mentioned that this verse indicates to the fact that man will certainly travel to the moon and to other celestial creation by means of a special transport created by him. In fact, the moon will actually be the stop over point during his journey to other stars!
The return journey from the moon.
It is reported that when these people were returning from the moon they were traveling nearly twenty five thousand kilometers an hour. However, although their space ship was a ball of fire, none of them were burnt. Science would say that they invented this protective clothing, yet, when we look at the Quran, there is also a strange fact which is been revealed.
In Surah An Nahl, verse 81, the Quran declares:
وَاللہُ جَعَلَ لَکُمۡ مِّمَّا خَلَقَ ظِلٰلًا وَّ جَعَلَ لَکُمۡ مِّنَ الْجِبَالِ اَکْنٰنًا وَّ جَعَلَ لَکُمْ سَرٰبِیۡلَ تَقِیۡکُمُ الْحَرَّ وَ سَرٰبِیۡلَ تَقِیۡکُمۡ بَاۡسَکُمْ ؕ کَذٰلِکَ یُتِمُّ نِعْمَتَہٗ عَلَیۡکُمْ لَعَلَّکُمْ تُسْلِمُوۡنَ ﴿۸۱﴾
And Allah gave you shades out of things He made, and made for you shelters in the mountains, and made for you some garments to protect you from heat and some garments to protect you in fighting. Thus does He complete His favor on you, that you may submit to His Command.
The word “saraabeel” in this verse signifies a covering or a special clothing which protects one from fire and heat. The word is extracted from the root of “sarab” in other words a combination of Sa Ra Ba which actually means an animal which lies in wait to attack. This also signifies the movement of a rocket which shoots through the atmosphere like an animal in wait. This word also signifies a place of waiting. In other words, just like the moon which is a place of waiting so that from this place, mankind can travel to other planets. It is also a place where mankind can save itself from falling stars.
The verse in Surah Ar Rahman is also a clear indication of where man will travel to in the future. In verses, 33 and 34, the Quran declares:
یٰمَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ وَ الْاِنۡسِ اِنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ اَنۡ تَنۡفُذُوۡا مِنْ اَقْطَارِ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الْاَرْضِ فَانۡفُذُوۡا ؕ لَا تَنۡفُذُوۡنَ اِلَّا بِسُلْطٰنٍ ﴿ۚ۳۳﴾
‘O Company of Jinn and men, if you can that you may go out of the boundaries of the heavens and the earth then do go. Wherever you will go, His is the Kingdom.
فَبِاَیِّ اٰلَآءِ رَبِّکُمَا تُکَذِّبَانِ ﴿۳۴﴾
Which then, of the favours of your Lord will you deny?
Bear in mind that in this verse, it is not said that mankind will not travel to space, what is said is that wherever you, you will still be in the Kingdom of the Almighty. In other words, when you do go into space, bear in mind that you will be going with His Divine Help and Support. However, such is the manner of man that he feels that he has done everything himself.
When he was protected from the heat and fire coming back to earth, he feels that he had done this himself. When he travels to space, he again thinks that he did this himself. This is one of the reasons that the Almighty continuously asks in this surah “Which then, of the favors of your Lord with you deny?” Yet man in his usual ungrateful manner believes that he is the master of the universe. In the next verse, another warning is giving to man.
“On you shall be loosed the flame of the fire without smoke and black smoke without flame, then you could not be able to take revenge”. Whatever man is now discovering about the dangers of space, has already been explained by the Quran hundreds of years ago.
When we look at science and whatever is been discovered through experiment and study, none of these things goes against the Quran if it is science in the true form. However, whatever is against the Quran is certainly not science. Bear in mind that Islam has given birth to science and not vice versa. The Quran is a book which gives us guidance in Imaan or belief, guidance in spiritual matters, guidance on how to behave and act, guidance on social issues etc. This book has also given us the opportunity to use our intellect and our human power as well.
The Quran does not restrict man to study the creation of the Almighty. However, this study should bring him closer to the Almighty. However, whatever man invents and creates, the ultimate Creator is the Almighty and all what has been spent by man is the power which was actually given to him by the Almighty. In fact, the world has taught us that whatever obstacle we find in material things, the solution for these material problems are also found in material things as well. However, we are also taught that whatever is the Divine Wish and Intent of the Almighty and whatever is commanded to be in our destiny by the Almighty, no one can be able to change that.
This can be understood from the many cures which man has invented against diseases which at times seemed to be incurable. All this has been done through the Divine Grace of the Almighty. In like manner, man has invented a way of harnessing the sun and coal for his energy needs, again all of this is through the Divine Grace of the Almighty. In like manner, the journey of man towards the moon. Nothing in the creation has been changed because of this and no obstacle has been created for shariah also.
Whether man went to the moon or did not go to the moon, the sun still rises and sets. Yet, the sad part of all of this is that after spending billions of dollars going to the moon, the obvious question is what did you bring back to earth. That earth in which millions are starving on a daily basis, the answer would be that we only brought back sand. Such is the intelligence of certain people. At the same time, it does not mean that the Quran does not have the answer to everything. It certainly has.
However, the person looking for the answer has to have the proper glasses to see all of this. If the sun is bright during the day and someone refutes the existence of the sun, that is his problem and not that of the sun.
One verse of the Quran and the truth of science.
There is no doubt that when one studies the Quran in a proper manner, all answers will become clear to him. When we look at one single surah, which is Surah Ar Rahman, we will find many Divine bounties of the Almighty which is mentioned in this surah, yet, at every juncture, the Almighty keeps asking man as to which of the Divine Bounties of the Almighty will he continue to ignore. When we look at the verse above, we will clearly see that the Almighty is clearly informing man that wherever he goes, he will never reach a place where he will not be accountable to the Almighty for his actions.
Man will only become free when the Almighty bestows this Divine Grace upon him through his freedom from the fire of hell etc. In other words, when you leave the kingdom of anyone, even an ordinary king, you can only do so when you have received official permission to do so. The word “Aqtaar” in this verse signifies a place or area or locality. It can also mean outer space as well. When we say “Aqtaarud Dunya” we mean the entire earth. At the same time, the word Aqtaar also signifies an area or place which is confined to a certain boundary. In other words, this verse clearly informs us that no matter where we go, we are still within the Kingdom of the Almighty.
This again proves to us that no matter how far we travel on earth or in space, we will never enter a place which is not in the Divine Control of the Almighty.
In other words, whatever we see in outer space, all of this is within the Divine Kingdom of the Almighty. Man will never be able to go beyond any of this even if he lives a million years. At the same time, we also know that certain stars are so far from earth that the light coming from that star takes thousands of years to reach earth. Even though the light traveling from these stars are traveling at an amazing speed of nearly two hundred thousand miles an hour, yet some of this light never reaches earth. Hence, the idea of man going out of the boundaries of the earth and space is an impossibility.
Another interesting word in this verse is “La tan fi zu”. The meaning of “nafaz” is to pass through something. In other words, it can be described as the journey of an arrow which injures an animal and passes through the body of that animal. Therefore, it means that man will never pass beyond space. In fact, the immense need of man for this earth is such, that he cannot be able to do without it.
When we look at the moon, it is considered as the closest neighbor to earth. There are also many connections between them such as the effect of the moon on the tides etc. There are certain people who also try to belie the Quran and say that the Quran makes it clear that man will never enter space. This is certainly not the case. We have already proven that whether it is the earth or space, the Quran has made it clear that man will certainly travel to space, but that this space is also part of the Divine Kingdom of the Almighty. At the same time, even if man does go to space, this is all due to the Divine Grace of the Almighty and not because this is what man fulfilled on his own.
Therefore, we cannot say that going to the moon or traveling to space is something which is against the Quran. In fact, as Muslims, we know that the Quran has indeed mentioned that man will travel to space. However, another interesting point to bear in mind is that even though we do not reject the idea of going to the moon, the question is; did they actually go to the moon?
After all, when a group of non Muslims admit to you that they have seen the new moon of Eid, will you believe them? Certainly not. When this is the case with them seeing the moon, what will be the case when they say to you that they have landed on the moon? Would it become necessary to believe them? Certainly not. At the same time though, we are not rejecting the fact that man will travel to space.
At the same time, Islam does not teach us to reject any scientific breakthrough if it does not contradict Islamic shariah. After all, is it not proven from the hadith that even the satan used to travel to the heavens and was only stopped from going to the heavens with the arrival of the Holy Prophet Peace and Salutations be upon him. When we look at the basis of science, we will find that it is based on ten subjects or criteria.
- The creation and its system of existence.
- The different times of creation and its expansion or evolution or changes.
- The physical and chemical make up of creation.
- How did the earth come into existence.
- The changes in life and its biological and chemical changes.
- The heavenly bodies and its system of operation.
- How did man come into existence and what is his system of operation.
- The life of plants and animals.
- The journey of a human being.
- The existence of air and space and what is it made of.
All of these are those subjects which science is confined to. They are also considered as the most important subjects in science. Now let us place the issue of belief or aqeedah on one side and inspect which aspect of this has not been explained in the Quran. Every aspect of belief and aqeedah either directly or indirectly has been explained in the Quran.
Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Ghazzali may Allah have mercy on him explains that the verse in Surah Al Ambiyah, verse 33 which is:
وَہُوَالَّذِیۡ خَلَقَ الَّیۡلَ وَالنَّہَارَ وَالشَّمْسَ وَ الْقَمَرَ ؕ کُلٌّ فِیۡ فَلَکٍ یَّسْبَحُوۡنَ ﴿۳۳﴾
And it is He Who created the night and the day and the sun and the moon. Each one is floating in a circumference.
He explains that this would imply both forward or backward. In other words, in whichever manner you wish to translate these words, it would imply both directions. The word “Yas ba hun” in this verse would signify that.
A point to bear in mind.
In Surah Takweer, verse 6, the Quran explains:
وَ اِذَا الْبِحَارُ سُجِّرَتْ ۪ۙ﴿۶﴾
And when the seas are kindled
It is mentioned that on the day of judgment, these seas will become oceans of fire. It is quite surprising since these are the same oceans from where water vapor is acquired to fall as rain. How come this would happen. Some people are have taken this and have made the claim that for water and fire to mix and appear together is an impossibility. Bear in mind that it is impossible for us because we did not create this ocean. However, it can never be impossible for the Almighty who is the Creator of the oceans.
He has the power over all things. However, even in this statement of the Quran, science has proven it to be true. Science has proven that water is made up of hydrogen and oxygen. In other words H20. Both of them also allow fire but, the Almighty in His Divine Power has not allowed fire to appear from them at this moment. In other words, the same can be described for the both oceans. In Surah Ar Rahman, verse 19:
مَرَجَ الْبَحْرَیۡنِ یَلْتَقِیَانِ ﴿ۙ۱۹﴾
He made flow two seas that look to be joined.
بَیۡنَہُمَا بَرْزَخٌ لَّا یَبْغِیَانِ ﴿ۚ۲۰﴾
And there is barriers in between them that one can not excel the other.
In other words, the water of both oceans do not mix even though one cannot see a physical barrier. However, such is the Divine Might of the Almighty in that He has certainly created a barrier between them, but we are unable to see that barrier. In fact, even the taste of both are not mixed. However, on the day of Judgment, this barrier will be removed and the waters of both will join.
There is no limit to the knowledge of the Quran.
We also know that science was completely unaware of the various stars and planets which existed in outer space. Science is changing all the time. At the beginning it was mentioned that one should not throw water on fumes to put it off and today they have discovered a spray in the form of foam to extinguish a flame or fumes. In the same way, the splitting of an atom was once considered an impossibility, yet today, this is happening. In fact, whatever is seen in the Quran will one day be proven through science whether the dis tractors are happy with it or not.
What is necessary is that we do not look at non-Muslims for our guidance or direction. In fact, great scientists have become Muslims by merely looking at the Quran, so why turn to others. We should study the Quran and be able to extract the amazing knowledge which is found within it. The Quran is indeed a treasure of knowledge if only Muslims could remember this. From the time of Nabi Adam peace be upon him until Nabi Esa peace be upon him, the Divine revelation has continued to reveal deep secrets. However, all of this amazing knowledge and even more is now found in the Quran.
In like manner, all the amazing qualities and miracles which were found in Nabi Adam peace until Nabi Esa peace be upon him and even more special qualities is found in the blessed being of the Holy Prophet Peace and Salutations be upon him. Therefore, after the Quran, there is no need for any further Divine Revelation and after the Holy Prophet Peace and Salutations be upon him there is no need for any other Prophet. With the arrival of the Holy Prophet Peace and Salutations be upon him the door of Prophet hood has now closed.
Shaikh Mohyudeen ibn Arabi may Allah have mercy on him has mentioned that there are nearly seventy thousand three hundred fifty faculties of knowledge in the Quran. Nearly the same amount of letters are also found in the Quran. In other words, every letter is a source and treasure of knowledge. In like manner, every verse of the Quran has an inner and outer meaning. This is one of the reasons that Imam Jalaaludeen Suyutwi may Allah have mercy on him has mentioned that there are nearly three hundred fifty thousand faculties of knowledge in the Quran. In fact, until the day of Judgment, whatever further faculty of learning will be discovered, all of this is to be found in the Quran.
*Scientists have always wondered as to the beginning of man. Where did he come from. Where will we find such knowledge and who are those who understood this etc. However, in Surah Alaq, this fact was clearly revealed to all of mankind. In Surah Alaq, verse 2, the Quran reveals:
خَلَقَ الْاِنۡسٰنَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ ۚ﴿۲﴾
He made man from the clot of blood,
At the same time, the Quran reveals that the Almighty taught man knowledge and taught man what he did not know through the pen.
*Only today, science is accepting the fact that man was created from a clot of blood or water.
Again this fact is mentioned in the Quran. In Surah Nisaa, verse 1, the Quran declares:
یٰۤاَیُّہَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوۡا رَبَّکُمُ الَّذِیۡ خَلَقَکُمۡ مِّنۡ نَّفْسٍ وّٰحِدَۃٍ وَّخَلَقَ مِنْہَا زَوْجَہَا وَبَثَّ مِنْہُمَا رِجَالًا کَثِیۡرًا وَّنِسَآءً ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللہَ الَّذِیۡ تَسَآءَلُوۡنَ بِہٖ وَالۡاَرْحَامَ ؕ اِنَّ اللہَ کَانَ عَلَیۡکُمْ رَقِیۡبًا ﴿۱﴾
‘O people! Fear your Lord Who created you from a single soul and made its mate from within it, and from that pair spread many men and women and fear Allah in Whose name you ask for (your rights) and pay attention to the ties of relationship. Undoubtedly. Allah is watching you all time.
In the present day, science also accepts that the child is in three stages or appears in three coverings in the womb. In surah Zumar, verse 6, the Quran reveals:
خَلَقَکُمۡ مِّنۡ نَّفْسٍ وّٰحِدَۃٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِنْہَا زَوْجَہَا وَ اَنۡزَلَ لَکُمۡ مِّنَ الْاَنْعٰمِ ثَمٰنِیَۃَ اَزْوٰجٍ ؕ یَخْلُقُکُمْ فِیۡ بُطُوۡنِ اُمَّہٰتِکُمْ خَلْقًا مِّنۡۢ بَعْدِ خَلْقٍ فِیۡ ظُلُمٰتٍ ثَلٰثٍ ؕ ذٰلِکُمُ اللہُ رَبُّکُمْ لَہُ الْمُلْکُ ؕ لَاۤ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا ہُوَ ۚ فَاَنّٰی تُصْرَفُوۡنَ ﴿۶﴾
He has made you of a single soul then He made its mate from that and sent down for you eight pairs of cattle. He makes you in the wombs of your mothers, first in one pattern then in another, in threefold darkness. This is Allah your Lord, His is the kingdom. None is to be worshiped, besides Him, then where are you turning away?
*The Quran has also mentioned the different modes of transport that man will use on earth. In Surah Yaseen, verse 42, the Quran declares:
وَ خَلَقْنَا لَہُمۡ مِّنۡ مِّثْلِہٖ مَا یَرْکَبُوۡنَ ﴿۴۲﴾
“And We have created for them similar (vessels) on which they ride.”
At the same time, the Almighty also reveals that He indeed creates such things which people are unaware of. In other words, the Almighty has created man and whatever man uses. In other words, the Quran gives us a mere indication and it is up to man to then pursue this further. This is the reason that the Quran informs us that the Quran contains knowledge for those people who ponder. It contains signs for those who have intelligence. It contains signs for those who listen carefully.
*No one knew that the atom which is considered as the smallest object available could be further split into pieces, yet, science has proven that this is possible and Sayyidi Ala Hadrat may Allah have mercy on him proves that this would happen one day in one of his masterpieces from the 7th verse in Surah Saba which is:
وَ قَالَ الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡا ہَلْ نَدُلُّکُمْ عَلٰی رَجُلٍ یُّنَبِّئُکُمْ اِذَا مُزِّقْتُمْ کُلَّ مُمَزَّقٍ ۙ اِنَّکُمْ لَفِیۡ خَلْقٍ جَدِیۡدٍ ۚ﴿۷﴾
“The infidels said, ‘shall we point you a person who will inform you that when being torn into pieces you become small particles, you are then to be made a new.”
*The existence of many planets has also been mentioned in the Quran. This is mentioned in Surah Talaq.
*The existence of various creation in various parts of the galaxy have also been mentioned. This is mentioned in Surah Rum. In fact, the majority of creatures in the sea itself has not yet been fully discovered by man. The sea itself has not yet been fully discovered.
*Today, the power to be able to capture the voice and speech of someone is considered as a great feat of science. They also admit that this sound travels through the air and can reach all parts of the world. In the Quran, it is revealed that there are two Angels who sit with man and record every words he utters. In Surah Qaf, verse 17 and 18, the Quran declares, “When the two receivers receive from him, one sitting on the right side and another at the left. Not a word he utters but there is sitting a watcher ready by him.”
*In like manner, photography has also been considered as a great scientific invention, yet all that it is; is a picture of someone or some people standing in one stationery position. However, man can only do this with a limited number of people or other items. But the Quran clearly states that if the Almighty wanted, the entire creation would be caught in one single frame. In Shurah, verse 29, the Quran reveals:
وَ مِنْ اٰیٰتِہٖ خَلْقُ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الْاَرْضِ وَ مَا بَثَّ فِیۡہِمَا مِنۡ دَآبَّۃٍ ؕ وَ ہُوَ عَلٰی جَمْعِہِمْ اِذَا یَشَآءُ قَدِیۡرٌ ﴿۲۹﴾٪
“And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and of whatever moving creatures He has spread forth in them. And He has the power to gather them together when He pleases.”
*The speed of light has also been proven from the journey of Meraj. In fact, the Buraq traveled even faster than the speed of light. When we look at the speed of other Prophets on this amazing occasion, again we will be surprised at their speed of travel. If we look at Nabi Moosa peace be upon him, we will see that he was once seen in his grave performing the salah, he was then seen in Baitul Muqaddas performing salah behind the Holy Prophet Peace and Salutations be upon him and he was also seen in the heavens. If this is the speed of travel of Nabi Moosa peace be upon him, what must be the speed of the Holy Prophet Peace and Salutations be upon him?
*In the present age, people’s lives and experiences are captured through video. In other words, even when a person dies, his voice and appearance is seen on TV. However, in Surah Zilzaal, verses 7 and 8, the Quran describes what people will see on the day of Judgment. The Quran declares:, “Then whosoever has done good of an weight of an atom shall see it. And whosoever has done evil of the weight of an atom shall see it.” Where is this recorded? In other words, the Quran is clearly describing hundreds of year earlier that the actions of every human is being recorded and this will be displayed for him on the day of judgment.
*Science claims that all the celestial creation was once joined together and then split apart. Again this is clearly proven in the Quran. Science is continuously proving all of this and yet, they refuse to accept the Quran and the facts which are displayed in the Quran. Such is the state of creation.
*In like manner, only now science is coming to know that every creature on earth has their own method of communication or language. This is also also mentioned in the Quran as well. This fact can be seen in the book Jawaahir Al Ulum by Shaikh Tantaawi.
We will now present a short explanation on the 73rd verse of Surah Al An’am which is:
وَ ہُوَ الَّذِیۡ خَلَقَ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ ؕ وَ یَوْمَ یَقُوۡلُ کُنۡ فَیَکُوۡنُ ۬ؕ قَوْلُہُ الْحَقُّ ؕ وَلَہُ الْمُلْکُ یَوْمَ یُنۡفَخُ فِی الصُّوۡرِؕ عٰلِمُ الْغَیۡبِ وَ الشَّہٰدَۃِ ؕ وَ ہُوَ الْحَکِیۡمُ الْخَبِیۡرُ ﴿۷۳﴾
And it is He who has made the heavens and earth rightly. And the Day when the destruction will occur, He will say to everything, ‘be then it will become at once. His word is the truth. And His is the kingdom on the day when the trumpet will be blown He is the Knower of every secret and open and He is the Wise, the Aware.
Peer Karam Shah Azhari explains, “The verse in which the Almighty has stated that He is the One who has created the heavens and earth in truth has immense meaning. This proves that the idols which people worship are certainly false because they do not possess this power. In fact, after seeing this, there is no doubt that the only Being worthy of worship is the Almighty. The above verse also proves His Immense Power and Divine Might.
None of his Divine Decree is without purpose. None of his creation is without purpose. When you begin to study even the smallest creation on earth, this fact will become clearly apparent. Look at something as small as a vulture or a crow, we give it no status, yet, it is certainly there to serve man. If the dead corpses of animals were left on the streets, the streets would become a very smelly environment. In fact, whether you look at an ant or even an elephant, there is immense Divine Wisdom behind all of these creatures.
The following article appeared in a New York Science Academy journal. In it, these Western scientists admit among other things that, (bear in mind that they believe that the earth orbits around the sun which is against Islamic belief. Be that as it may, this is that they admit). The earth orbits at a speed of nearly one thousand miles and if this became one hundred miles, the days would be so long that the sun would burn all vegetation on earth. If the sun did not kill people, the immense cold which is found on earth would certainly kill all living creatures.
The heat of the sun is said to be twelve thousand degrees Fahrenheit. However, the sun has been placed at such a distance which actually aids living things on earth. However, if this temperature had to decrease, then all living things on earth would die of cold and if this temperature had to increase, then all living creatures on earth would die of heat.
The same with the moon and the distance from earth. If the moon was not at the exact distance that it is today, the tides would be so high that it would reach the mountain tops. The same with the amount of oxygen which is found in the world due to its make up. If there was less oxygen, all living things would die and if there was more carbon dioxide, again all living things would cease to exist.
In fact, all of these things which are found on earth gives us clear indication that there is indeed a Great Power which controls all of these objects or else all living things on earth would cease to exist. (Readers Digest. October 1960).” Certainly when we look at the existence of everything on earth, the only conclusion which man can reach is that indeed everything is controlled by the Almighty and that He is indeed the Divine Creator who we should sincerely worship.
- In Surah Qaf, verse 6, the Almighty states: “Have they not looked up to the sky above them, how We have built it and adorned it and that there is no rift therein?” In this verse, by sky is meant the celestial objects. All of these celestial objects are traveling in their own orbit. Some of them are a hundred times bigger than the sun itself. In fact, our galaxy is merely one part of this vast ocean of celestial objects. In fact, like our sun, there are thousands of stars some of which we can see and some of which are beyond the vision of the most powerful telescopes available to man.
According to the latest findings, this galaxy of ours is merely a small part of numerous other galaxies much larger than our galaxy. Only in this galaxy, there are millions of stars and the light which travels from these stars come from millions and billion light years away.
In fact, if we had to estimate the years in normal human years, it would make billions of years. Yet, in all of these systems, there is absolute harmony and proper sequence. None of them goes against each other and all of these galaxies are in perfect rhythm.
If only the Muslims of today could study all of these objects and make the Quran the basis of their study, indeed many people would become Muslims by merely looking at the amazing facts which are found in the Quran.
There is no doubt that we should not completely accept whatever science has to tell us with our eyes closed and at the same time, it is also not permissible for us to try and explain everything in the Quran according to what science has to say. In fact, whatever is found in the Quran and this is what is the view of science, that is what we should only accept. At the same time, not because science is correct on this but because the Quran is the only truth. In fact, there are many issues in science which remains to be laughable and which has done nothing but confuse people.
One of the greatest mistakes made by science has been the orbit of the earth and many Muslims have fallen prey to this stupidity.
Until the seventh century of the Christian calender, it was thought that the earth was stationary and that the sun orbits around the earth. However, a Greek thinker in the 590 ad began to claim that the earth was not stationary and that it was orbiting around the sun and that the sun was in fact stationary. In fact, this became so established among Greek circles that it was taught to everyone.
All of these thoughts and teachings are certainly against the Quran. In Surah Yaseen, verse 38, the Quran explains:
وَ الشَّمْسُ تَجْرِیۡ لِمُسْتَقَرٍّ لَّہَا ؕ ذٰلِکَ تَقْدِیۡرُ الْعَزِیۡزِ الْعَلِیۡمِ ﴿ؕ۳۸﴾
“And the sun runs to its appointed resting-place. This is the commandment of the Dominant, the Knowing.”
This clearly proves that the sun is not stationary. This also proves that we should only accept those ideas and thoughts which are in accordance to the Quran. At the same time, when we see something which is against the teachings of the Quran, we should also try and prove that these thoughts are ideas are not what Muslims should be believing in.
Bear in mind that whatever has come in the Quran is something which has come from the Almighty, hence, we should only believe in the Quran and what is in the Quran. At the same time, there are a few people who are so impressed by Western knowledge that they try to change the teachings of the Quran to suit their Western education and ideas. This is certainly Haraam. There is no doubt that this type of behavior is certainly not Islamic but something which can lead people towards heresy.
Various other faculties of knowledge.
In the Quran, it is mentioned that nothing whatsoever is left out in the Quran whether it is dry or wet. Such is the vastness of the knowledge which is found in the Quran that Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas may Allah have mercy on him admits that, “Even if the string of my camel becomes lost, I will be able to find it through the Quran.” (Al Atqan. 2/126).
Abu Bakr bin Mujaahid explains that whatever is in creation, all of it has been explained and mentioned in the Quran.
The knowledge of interpretation.
We see that when Nabi Yusuf peace be upon him explained his dream to his father, his father nabi Yaqub peace be upon him clearly mentioned that he was given the power to interpret this dream. This pertains to the time when Nabi Yusuf peace be upon him saw the stars, the sun and moon in his dream. He admitted that he saw eleven stars, the moon and sun which were making sajdah to him.
At the same time, while he was in prison, he was able to interpret the dream of another prisoner who mentioned to him that he had seen himself extracting alcohol. Another mentioned to him that he had seen birds eat bread which were on top of his skull. One of their dreams was interpreted as death and the other was interpreted as getting employment.
Other faculties of knowledge.
In the Quran, we are also taught about making sure that when we do business, our measurement and weight should be correct and proper. In other words, we should not rob people in this regard.
In like manner, the Quran speaks of ethics, about behavior etc. The Quran also describes the basis of Tasawwaf and spiritual knowledge as well. The Quran also explains about astronomy and the various celestial objects which are found in the galaxy and that all of these objects are moving with the Divine Command of the Almighty. In fact, the great Imam of Hadith, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Bukhari may Allah have mercy on him has actually written a complete treatise on this subject which he named, “As sirr Al Maktum fi Asraar An Nujum”.
This deals with issues which will occur in the future. There are three categories in this faculty. Calculation, natural and estimation. The last category has been considered as prohibited. The writer of the Hidaayah explains that, “If it is based on calculation then it is considered permissible as per the 5th verse of Surah Rahman which declares, ‘The sun and the moon are according to a reckoning.” If it is based on natural objects, then too, it is permissible because it is the same when one inspects the pulse of any person to determine the illness”.
In the science of Muqatti’aat, the knowledge of Jabar and Muqaabilah or algebra is indicated and the purpose is to make the opposition speechless. In the faculty of travel, journey or Siyaahat, the various laws in this regard is determined and mentioned.
The knowledge of planting crops and its various laws are mentioned. The knowledge of geometry. The knowledge of guidance and advice pertaining to ones family and friends and the general populace. The knowledge of arithmetic so that one can calculate time and other subjects. Medical knowledge so that one can eat and drink without wasting. The knowledge of proper analyses so that one can prove the existence of the Creator and prove that if there were two gods, certainly there would be immense confusion and destruction. The knowledge of inheritance so that one can distribute as per the commands of shariah. The science of astronomy is mentioned so that one can examine the various celestial objects in the heavens.
The knowledge of similitudes and examples have been explained because the Almighty also encourages us to look at the similitudes which have been presented so that we can have a better understanding of the universe. There is no doubt that in each of these faculties, the rightly guided Ulama have certainly written amazing treatises. Space does not allow us to explain all of them.
However, summarizing the immense knowledge which is to be found in the Quran, the following words of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas may Allah have mercy on him is sufficient. He has mentioned that, “All knowledge is present in the Holy Quran, however, the actual point is that the intellect of people are unable to grasp and understand all of this.”
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