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Encyclopedic Facts about The Holy Quran

A summery of what the Quran wishes to transform us into!

We will present some verses from the Quran which would give us a clear indication of what message the Quran is giving us in this regard.


True belief.

الَّذِیۡنَ یُؤْمِنُوۡنَ بِالْغَیۡبِ وَیُقِیۡمُوۡنَ الصَّلٰوۃَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنٰہُمۡ یُنۡفِقُوۡنَۙ﴿۳﴾ وَالَّذِیۡنَ یُؤْمِنُوۡنَ بِمَاۤ اُنۡزِلَ اِلَیۡکَ وَمَاۤ اُنۡزِلَ مِنۡ قَبْلِکَ ۚ وَ بِالۡاٰخِرَۃِ ہُمۡ یُوۡقِنُوۡنَؕ﴿۴﴾  اُولٰٓئِکَ عَلٰی ہُدًی مِّنۡ رَّبِّہِمۡ ٭ وَ اُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الْمُفْلِحُوۡنَ﴿۵﴾


Those who believe without seeing (the hidden), and keep the (obligatory) prayer established, and spend in Our cause from what We have bestowed upon them. And who believe in this (Qur’an) which has been sent down upon you, (O Mohammed) and what was sent down before you; and are certain of the Hereafter. It is they who are on guidance from their Lord; and they are the successful.

(Surah Baqarah. verse 3,4,5)


Actual virtue and goodness.

لَیۡسَ الْبِرَّ اَنۡ تُوَلُّوۡا وُجُوۡہَکُمْ قِبَلَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَلٰکِنَّ الْبِرَّ مَنْ اٰمَنَ بِاللہِ وَالْیَوْمِ الۡاٰخِرِ وَ الْمَلٰٓئِکَۃِ وَ الْکِتٰبِ وَ النَّبِیّٖنَۚ وَاٰتَی الْمَالَ عَلٰی حُبِّہٖ ذَوِی الْقُرْبٰی وَ الْیَتٰمٰی وَ الْمَسٰکِیۡنَ وَ ابْنَ السَّبِیۡلِۙ وَالسَّآئِلِیۡنَ وَ فِی الرِّقَابِۚ وَاَقَامَ الصَّلٰوۃَ وَاٰتَی الزَّکٰوۃَۚ وَالْمُوۡفُوۡنَ بِعَہۡدِہِمْ اِذَا عٰہَدُوۡاۚ وَالصّٰبِرِیۡنَ فِی الْبَاۡسَآءِ وَالضَّرَّآءِ وَحِیۡنَ الْبَاۡسِؕ اُولٰٓئِکَ الَّذِیۡنَ صَدَقُوۡاؕ وَ اُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الْمُتَّقُوۡنَ﴿۱۷۷﴾


Basic virtue is not just to turn faces to the East and the West, but true righteousness is that one must believe in Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the Book and the Prophets; and out of love for Allah, to give treasured wealth to relatives and to the orphans and the needy and the traveller, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free; and to keep the prayer established and to pay the charity; and those who fulfil their obligations when they make an agreement; and the patient during times of calamity, in hardships and during holy war; it is they who have proved true to their word; it is they who are the pious.

(Surah Baqarah. 177).


Those entitled for Divine Grace.

رَبَّنَا وَاجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمَیۡنِ لَکَ وَمِنۡ ذُرِّیَّتِنَاۤ اُمَّۃً مُّسْلِمَۃً لَّکَ۪ وَاَرِنَا مَنَاسِکَنَا وَتُبْ عَلَیۡنَاۚ اِنَّکَ اَنۡتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِیۡمُ﴿۱۲۸﴾


Those who believed, and those who migrated for the sake of Allah, and fought in Allah’s cause – they are hopeful of gaining Allah’s mercy; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(Surah Baqarah. 218).


Those who do not show off.

اَلَّذِیۡنَ یُنۡفِقُوۡنَ اَمْوٰلَہُمْ فِیۡ سَبِیۡلِ اللہِ ثُمَّ لَا یُتْبِعُوۡنَ مَاۤ اَنۡفَقُوۡا مَنًّا وَّلَاۤ اَذًیۙ لَّہُمْ اَجْرُہُمْ عِنۡدَ رَبِّہِمْۚ وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَیۡہِمْ وَلَا ہُمْ یَحْزَنُوۡنَ﴿۲۶۲﴾


Those who spend their wealth in Allah’s way and thereafter do not express favour nor cause injury (hurt the recipient’s feelings), their reward is with their Lord; there shall be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve.

(Surah Baqarah. 262)


Those who speak the truth and have patience.

اَلصّٰبِرِیۡنَ وَالصّٰدِقِیۡنَ وَالْقٰنِتِیۡنَ وَالْمُنۡفِقِیۡنَ وَالْمُسْتَغْفِرِیۡنَ بِالۡاَسْحَارِ﴿۱۷﴾


The steadfast, and the truthful, and the reverent, and who spend in Allah’s cause, and who seek forgiveness in the last hours of the night.

(Surah Ale Imran. 17).


Do not make the disbelievers your confidants.

لَا یَتَّخِذِ الْمُؤْمِنُوۡنَ الْکٰفِرِیۡنَ اَوْلِیَآءَ مِنۡ دُوْنِ الْمُؤْمِنِیۡنَۚ وَمَنۡ یَّفْعَلْ ذٰلِکَ فَلَیۡسَ مِنَ اللہِ فِیۡ شَیۡءٍ اِلَّاۤ اَنۡ تَتَّقُوۡا مِنْہُمْ تُقٰىۃًؕ وَ یُحَذِّرُکُمُ اللہُ نَفْسَہٗؕ وَ اِلَی اللہِ الْمَصِیۡرُ﴿۲۸﴾


The Muslims must not befriend the disbelievers, in preference over the Muslims; whoever does that has no connection whatsoever with Allah, except if you fear them; Allah warns you of His wrath; and towards Allah only is the return.

(Surah Ale Imran. 28).


Those who do good deeds.

وَاَمَّا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَعَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ فَیُوَفِّیۡہِمْ اُجُوۡرَہُمْؕ وَاللہُ لَا یُحِبُّ الظّٰلِمِیۡنَ﴿۵۷﴾


“And for those who believed and did good deeds, Allah will give them their full reward; and Allah does not like the unjust.”

(Ale Imran. 57).


Those who prohibit evil and sin

یُؤْمِنُوۡنَ بِاللہِ وَ الْیَوْمِ الۡاٰخِرِ وَ یَاۡمُرُوۡنَ بِالْمَعْرُوۡفِ وَ یَنْہَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنۡکَرِ وَ یُسٰرِعُوۡنَ فِی الْخَیۡرٰتِؕ وَ اُولٰٓئِکَ مِنَ الصّٰلِحِیۡنَ﴿۱۱۴﴾


They accept faith in Allah and the Last Day, and enjoin good deeds and forbid immorality, and hasten to perform good deeds; and they are the righteous.

(Ale Imran. 114).


Those who are always just.

یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا کُوۡنُوۡا قَوّٰمِیۡنَ بِالْقِسْطِ شُہَدَآءَ لِلہِ وَلَوْ عَلٰۤی اَنۡفُسِکُمْ اَوِالْوٰلِدَیۡنِ وَالۡاَقْرَبِیۡنَ ۚ اِنۡ یَّکُنْ غَنِیًّا اَوْ فَقِیۡرًا فَاللہُ اَوْلٰی بِہِمَا ۟ فَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا الْہَوٰۤی اَنۡ تَعْدِلُوۡا ۚ وَ اِنۡ تَلْوٗۤا اَوْ تُعْرِضُوۡا فَاِنَّ اللہَ کَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُوۡنَ خَبِیۡرًا ﴿۱۳۵﴾


O People who Believe! Be firm in establishing justice, giving witness for Allah, even if it is harmful to yourselves or parents or relatives; whether the one you testify against is wealthy or poor, for in any case Allah has the greater right over it; then do not follow your wishes for you may stray from the truth; and if you distort testimony or turn away, then Allah is Well Aware of your deeds.

(Nisa. 135).


Fight for Allah’s Cause.

اَلَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا یُقٰتِلُوۡنَ فِیۡ سَبِیۡلِ اللہِ ۚ وَالَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡا یُقٰتِلُوۡنَ فِیۡ سَبِیۡلِ الطّٰغُوۡتِ فَقٰتِلُوۡۤا اَوْلِیَآءَ الشَّیۡطٰنِ ۚ اِنَّ کَیۡدَ الشَّیۡطٰنِ کَانَ ضَعِیۡفًا ﴿٪۷۶﴾


The believers fight for Allah’s cause; and the disbelievers fight for the devil’s cause – so fight against the friends of the devil; undoubtedly the devil’s conspiracy is weak.

(Nisa. 76).


Those who sincerely repent.

اِلَّا الَّذِیۡنَ تَابُوۡا وَاَصْلَحُوۡا وَاعْتَصَمُوۡا بِاللہِ وَاَخْلَصُوۡا دِیۡنَہُمْ لِلہِ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ مَعَ الْمُؤْمِنِیۡنَ ؕ وَسَوْفَ یُؤْتِ اللہُ الْمُؤْمِنِیۡنَ اَجْرًا عَظِیۡمًا ﴿۱۴۶﴾

But those who repented, and mended (themselves) and, hold fast by the rope of Allah and made their religion purely for Allah, then these are with the Muslims. And soon Allah will give a great reward to Muslims.

(Nisa. 146).


Those who have justice.


And from Our creation is a group that shows the truth and establishes justice with it.

(Al ‘Araf. 181).


Theirs hearts melt with the Zikr of Allah.

اِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُوۡنَ الَّذِیۡنَ اِذَا ذُکِرَ اللہُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوۡبُہُمْ وَ اِذَا تُلِیَتْ عَلَیۡہِمْ اٰیٰتُہٗ زَادَتْہُمْ اِیۡمٰنًا وَّعَلٰی رَبِّہِمْ یَتَوَکَّلُوۡنَ ﴿ۚۖ۲﴾

Only they are the believers whose hearts fear when Allah is remembered, and their faith advances when His verses are recited to them, and who trust only in their Lord.

(Anfal 2).


They fight with their lives and wealth for the sake of Allah.

اِنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَہَاجَرُوۡا وَ جٰہَدُوۡا بِاَمْوٰلِہِمْ وَاَنۡفُسِہِمْ فِیۡ سَبِیۡلِ اللہِ وَالَّذِیۡنَ اٰوَوۡا وَّنَصَرُوۡۤا اُولٰٓئِکَ بَعْضُہُمْ اَوْلِیَآءُ بَعْضٍ ؕ


Indeed those who accepted faith and left their homes and belongings for Allah, and fought with their wealth and their lives in Allah’s cause, and those who gave shelter and provided help, are the heirs of one another

(Anfal 72).


Those who help in Allah’s path and His Prophet peace and salutations be upon him.

وَالَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَہَاجَرُوۡا وَجٰہَدُوۡا فِیْ سَبِیۡلِ اللہِ وَالَّذِیۡنَ اٰوَوۡا وَّنَصَرُوۡۤا اُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُوۡنَ حَقًّا ؕ لَہُمۡ مَّغْفِرَۃٌ وَّرِزْقٌ کَرِیۡمٌ ﴿۷۴﴾


And those who believed and migrated and fought in Allah’s cause, and those who gave shelter and provided help – it is they who are the true believers; for them is pardon, and an honourable sustenance.

(Anfal 74).


Believers are friends one to another.

وَالْمُؤْمِنُوۡنَ وَالْمُؤْمِنٰتُ بَعْضُہُمْ اَوْلِیَآءُ بَعْضٍ ۘ یَاۡمُرُوۡنَ بِالْمَعْرُوۡفِ وَیَنْہَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنۡکَرِ وَ یُقِیۡمُوۡنَ الصَّلٰوۃَ وَیُؤْتُوۡنَ الزَّکٰوۃَ وَیُطِیۡعُوۡنَ اللہَ وَرَسُوۡلَہٗ ؕ اُولٰٓئِکَ سَیَرْحَمُہُمُ اللہُ ؕ اِنَّ اللہَ عَزِیۡزٌ حَکِیۡمٌ ﴿۷۱﴾


And the Muslim men and Muslim women are the friends of one another; enjoining right and forbidding wrong, and keeping the prayer established and paying the obligatory charity, obeying Allah and His Noble Messenger; these are upon whom Allah will soon have mercy; indeed Allah is the Almighty, the Wise.

(Taubah 71).


Spending for achieving Divine Grace.

وَمِنَ الۡاَعْرَابِ مَنۡ یُّؤْمِنُ بِاللہِ وَالْیَوْمِ الۡاٰخِرِ وَیَتَّخِذُ مَا یُنۡفِقُ قُرُبٰتٍ عِنۡدَ اللہِ وَصَلَوٰتِ الرَّسُوۡلِ ؕ اَلَاۤ اِنَّہَا قُرْبَۃٌ لَّہُمْ ؕ سَیُدْخِلُہُمُ اللہُ فِیۡ رَحْمَتِہٖ ؕ اِنَّ اللہَ غَفُوۡرٌ رَّحِیۡمٌ ﴿٪۹۹﴾


And some villagers are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and consider the spending as the means of obtaining proximity to Allah and obtaining the prayers of the Noble Messenger; pay heed! Yes indeed it is the means of proximity for them; Allah will soon admit them into His mercy; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(Taubah. 99).


Those who continue to make Taubah.

اَلتَّآئِبُوۡنَ الْعٰبِدُوۡنَ الْحٰمِدُوۡنَ السّٰٓئِحُوۡنَ الرّٰکِعُوۡنَ السّٰجِدُوۡنَ الۡاٰمِرُوۡنَ بِالْمَعْرُوۡفِ وَالنَّاہُوۡنَ عَنِ الْمُنۡکَرِ وَ الْحٰفِظُوۡنَ لِحُدُوۡدِ اللہِ ؕ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱۲﴾


Those who repent, those who worship, those who praise, those who fast, those who bow, those who prostrate, those who show right and forbid wrong and those who keep the limits of Allah in sight; and give glad tidings to the Muslims.

(Taubah. 112).


Those who rush towards forgiveness.

وَسَارِعُوۡۤا اِلٰی مَغْفِرَۃٍ مِّنۡ رَّبِّکُمْ وَجَنَّۃٍ عَرْضُہَا السَّمٰوٰتُ وَالۡاَرْضُۙ اُعِدَّتْ لِلْمُتَّقِیۡنَ﴿۱۳۳﴾ۙ

And run towards the forgiveness of your Lord, and to such a paradise whose width covers all heavens and earth is already prepared for those who are pious.
الَّذِیۡنَ یُنۡفِقُوۡنَ فِی السَّرَّآءِ وَالضَّرَّآءِ وَالْکٰظِمِیۡنَ الْغَیۡظَ وَالْعَافِیۡنَ عَنِ النَّاسِؕ وَاللہُ یُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِیۡنَ﴿۱۳۴﴾ۚ

Those who spend in the path of Allah in prosperity and adversity and who restrain anger and who pardon men. And virtuous people are dear to Allah.


(Ale Imran 133,134).


Those who establish prayer.


Those who were patient in order to gain their Lord’s pleasure and kept the prayer established and spent in Our cause part of what We bestowed upon them, secretly and openly, and repel evil by responding with goodness – for them is the gain of the final abode. (Raad. 22).


Those who fulfil their pact.

Those who fulfil the pact of Allah, and do not renege on the covenant. Those who unite what Allah has commanded to be united, and who fear their Lord, and dread the evil of the account. (Raad. 20.21).


The life of those who fought for the Quran.

When we look at the lives of the blessed companions, we will find that in most times, they spent their days travelling for Islam and their nights in ibaadah. In other words, their days in fasting and their nights in ibaadah. Yet, on most occasions, whenever they faced the enemies of Islam, they were totally outnumbered numerically both in man power and in resources.


Yet, all their battles were won and they changed the history of the world. All of these battles were won based on their immense love and reverence for Islam. In other words, they had the will to fight and immense morale. Bear in mind that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him did not have a standing army. In fact, every Muslim considered himself a soldier. There was no strict command that one had to join the army, all of this was based on the person himself. At the same time, the Quran clearly explained the status and distinction of Jihad and termed it as the best form of ibaadah. If a Muslim passed away, he was a martyr and if he lived, he was Ghazi.


In other words, this was shown as one of the ideal ways of achieving immense reward in the hereafter. This is one of the reasons that Muslims were always prepared to take part in Jihad and never hesitated to give their lives in the Path of Allah. They considered martyrdom as one of the key objectives of their lives. The Quran clearly showed the Muslims how to act when they were a soldier, a victorious army, if they were a prisoner and when they had prisoners under their control and all the laws pertaining to these different positions. These were those blessed Muslims who destroyed the Roman and Persian dynasty. These were those blessed Muslims who travelled into isolated barren areas, crossed over seas and rivers, arrived in the cities of Europe and gave Azaan in the temples of India.


There were also those blessed Muslims who gave knowledge to the world. Who showed different trades to different peoples. Who showed people the art of writing and recording and showed people the art of warfare and science. Sadly, today, their stories are mentioned as mere stories. All of these immense sacrifices have been forgotten by the Muslims. This is the reason that in every part of the world, the Muslims are been tortured and killed and their oppressors are becoming even more bold knowing that nothing can be done to them. Yet, the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him taught us about unity, structure, certainty, religious enthusiasm, Jihad, bravery, how to recognize what needed to be done and how to treat our enemies and friends. We will present a few examples in this regard.


The amazing examples of those who practised on the Quran.

  1. We know that prior to taking part in the battle of Badr, the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him also made sure that he had a discussion with the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar to find out their thoughts about taking part in a battle. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy upon him was ready and willing to take part in battle and ready to sacrifice his life for Islam. Hadat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him declared, “All of us are ready to sacrifice our lives at your command.”


Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad bin Abaadah and Hadrat Sayyiduna Miqdaad May Allah have mercy upon them who were considered as the leaders of the Ansaar made a promise, “We swear by Allah that if you command, we are even prepared to jump into the sea and we are prepared to sacrifice our lives for whatever you say.” When the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him saw the immense sincerity and steadfastness of the Muslims, he was obviously extremely pleased.

Prior to leaving Madina shareef, he inspected the Muslim army. He also ordered those who were still young to return home. However, there was young boy who began to weep when he was told to return home. Finally, he was also given permission to join the Muslims.


  1. Before the battle of Uhud, young men also requested to be given permission to join the Muslim army. The amazing thing is that when the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was inspecting the Muslims, Raafe bin Khudaij May Allah have mercy upon him stood up on his toes so that he could look taller. He was then given permission to enter the battle. However, Samrah May Allah have mercy upon him who was shorter than Raafe bin Khudaij May Allah have mercy upon him was not given permission. However, this did not deter him and he mentioned that he was stronger than Raafe May Allah have mercy upon him and if he was given the permission to wrestle with Raafe May Allah have mercy upon him he would prove his point. He finally defeated Raafe May Allah have mercy upon him and was allowed to join the Muslims.


  1. When the both armies stood face to face in the battle of Badr, besides friends, there were also very close relatives who faced other. The son of Utbah was standing with the Muslims. The blessed uncle of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him, namely Hadrat Sayyiduna Abbas May Allah have mercy upon him was with the kuffar. The son of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy upon him was also with the kuffar. The uncle and the nephews of Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him also stood with the kuffar.


The brother of Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali May Allah have mercy upon him, namely Aqeel also stood against him. However, none of these things proved an obstacle to this dedicated band of Muslims. The greatness of Imaan flowed in the veins of these Muslims. They fought with immense bravery and were always waiting to give their life for Islam.


During the battle of Uhud, Hadrat Sayyiduna Aanis May Allah have mercy upon him who was an eminent companion also took part. At one time, he heard a rumour that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him had been martyred. However, he continued fighting until he reached Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him whom he found extremely depressed. He then mentioned to the eminent companion, “If the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him is no longer, what is the use of living?” He then jumped into the ranks of the disbelievers until he was martyred. It is mentioned that his blessed body had nearly seventy wounds caused by different weapons. In this battle, everyone knows that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was also injured.


The kuffar also surrounded the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him with the purpose of killing him, however, they found that he was surrounded by his blessed companions who protected him with their own bodies. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Dujaanah May Allah have mercy upon him had actually appeared as a human shield and numerous arrows had pierced his back. Nearly thirty five injuries appeared on his blessed body. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Talha May Allah have mercy upon him had protected himself against the weapons of the disbelievers by using his own hand. With the result that one of his hand were severed.


Hadrat Sayyiduna Qatadah bin Al Numaan May Allah have mercy upon him was standing behind the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him protecting him. Suddenly an arrow pierced his one eye and it fell off. The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him then placed it back in its socket and he once again regained his vision.


  1. During the battle of Yarmuk after being badly beaten, many Romans began to run from the battle field. A small battalion of Muslims also followed them. One companion, Hadrat Sayyiduna Habbaash bin Qais May Allah have mercy upon him was also sitting on his horse while this was going on. One of his companions then informed him that one of his leg had been severed. However, he was so involved in the battle, that he was completely unaware that his leg had been severed.


  1. During the battle of Yarmuk, Hadrat Sayyiduna Akramah bin Abu Jahl May Allah have mercy upon him was also a commander of a certain battalion.


His battalion fought so bravely against the Romans that most of them had become martyred. He was also severely injured. Hadrat Sayyiduna Khalid bin Waleed May Allah have mercy upon him then approached him and wanted to place some water in his mouth. However, this could not be done. His final words were, “The Khalifah Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him was in doubt about my wish to be martyred, however, I am very pleased that I have proven my Imaan with my own blood.”


  1. In the same battle Hadrat Sayyiduna Salaamah May Allah have mercy upon him also had a small battalion under his control and he was also severely injured. While he was inquiring about the battle from Hadrat Sayyiduna Huzaifah May Allah have mercy upon him, he heard someone asking for water. He then sent Hadrat Sayyiduna Huzaifah May Allah have mercy upon him to give this person water. However, when he approached Hadrat Sayyiduna Hishaam May Allah have mercy upon him, they heard another person asking for water.


This amazing Muslim then requested that the other person be given water instead of him. However, when Hadrat Sayyiduna Huzayfah May Allah have mercy upon him reached this person, he had already passed away. Hadrat Sayyiduna Huzayfah May Allah have mercy upon him then took the water to Hadrat Sayyiduna Salaamah and Hadrat Sayyiduna Hishaam May Allah have mercy upon them, but both of them had already passed away.


  1. During the battle of Qadisiyah, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Huhjam May Allah have mercy upon him was arrested because he had been found guilty of writing some poetry praising alcohol and during the days of ignorance he used to also consume alcohol. This was under the instruction of Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas May Allah have mercy upon him. He then begged the wife of Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad May Allah have mercy upon him to unlock him so that he could take part in the battle promising that he would return in the evening and she could again lock him up.


He then entered the battle and fought so bravely that others around him were shocked. Since he had hidden his face, no one could recognize who he was. In the evening when he arrived to be chained, the wife of Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad May Allah have mercy upon him informed her husband of what had happened. He was immediately released.


  1. During the battle of the Trench, a certain vein of Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad bin Ma’az May Allah have mercy upon him had been cut. However, he continued fighting in spite of the loss of blood and passed away a few days later.


  1. During the battle of Mutah, the command of the army was given to Hadrat Sayyiduna Zaid bin Haaritha May Allah have mercy upon him who was a former slave of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. This is in spite of the fact that other eminent companions were also present. After he had been martyred, the command was given to Hadrat Sayyiduna Jafer bin Tayyar May Allah have mercy upon him who fought so bravely that only after about ninety serious wounds did he also pass away.


  1. During the battle of Badr, the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him had given strict instruction not to open fire on the enemy until they were in range. This they did and it created immense panic in the ranks of the disbelievers. This is unlike what happened in the battle of Uhud. The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him had placed fifty archers on a mountain top called Ainain which is known today as Jabl Ramaah. However, when they saw the Muslims winning, they left their positions. Only Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Jubair May Allah have mercy upon him and a few other companions remained behind who were soon martyred by the enemy cavalry. This lead to Muslim defeat. This also teaches us that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was educating the blessed companions about all around defence and being able to hold vital ground.


  1. Another amazing lesson which was taught by the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was the kindness which should be shown to the prisoners. They had the same food which the blessed companions consumed. It was also the behaviour of Arabs prior to Islam to have their prisoners killed. With the arrival of Islam, this evil behaviour ceased. However, this was still continued by those who opposed Islam. We know the story of Hadrat Sayyiduna Khubaib May Allah have mercy upon him who was taken prisoner in the battle of Uhud and was mercilessly killed by the Meccans. It is mentioned that he was placed under house arrest in the house of Haarith.


One day, there was no one in the house and the son of Haarith decided to play in the lap of Hadrat Sayyiduna Khubaib May Allah have mercy upon him. Obviously when the females of the house saw this, they feared that the child would be killed. However, when the blessed companion saw the concern on the faces of the females, he said to them, “do not have fear, to go against our promise is not part of our culture, (Islamic culture).” After that, he was taken outside and martyred. The same happened with Hadrat Sayyiduna Zaid May Allah have mercy upon him.


  1. Prior to the battle of the Trench, the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him also joined the blessed Ashaab in digging the trench. This is the reason that until the present day, historians are still amazed at the speed in which this huge trench was dug. Some historians indicate that it was eight to fifteen feet wide, fifteen feet deep and nearly nine thousand feet in length. It was dug by only three thousand Muslims in six days.


A modern example.

In the 1965 war with India, a witness gives the following account which he saw with his own eyes. He narrates, “When I remember the last and final words of a soldier named Ashraf who mentioned that his belongings be sold and his debts be paid, it still brings tears to my eyes. I cannot also forget the bright and happy faces of those soldiers who fought day after day without a break. I cannot also forget the cries of regret which I can still hear coming from those people who could not take part in this battle. I can also see the faces of the hundreds of young people who crossed the river in the face of numerous bombs and bullets which came their way. Yet, not for one moment, did they allow themselves to hold back. I can also still picture the bodies of those who had been martyred and who still lay a few feet away from the enemy.


Besides the famous Major Bhatti, there are also hundreds of young men who we can say is the true wealth of this country. Our intention was to save our country and our religion. We came to the battlefield freely and willingly unlike the Indian soldiers who had been forced to come here.”


There is no doubt that besides zeal and bravery, one also has to make sure that before battle, the various equipment needed for battle is also present. Besides teaching the early Muslims about the importance of bravery, jihad, unity, proper organization and firmness in battle, the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him, also taught them about other important aspects of battle which we find today in all battles. He taught them about proper battle tactics. He taught them about making proper plans and how to appreciate what they could see in front of them so that they could adopt a proper strategy. There is no doubt that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him participated in many expeditions.


A reality.

How great in the Divine Grace of the Almighty on the Muslims that He has blessed us with the Holy Quran which is the most unique of Divinely revealed books. It is certainly free of all defects, changes and doubts. It is a complete guide for everything in our existence until the day of Judgement. In fact, as we further inspect the Quran, we will find that more and more facts are being revealed to us on a daily basis. There is also no book in the entire world which is recited so often in its totality as the Quran. There is also no book which is printed so often as the Quran. It is the book which is heard most often in the world. No other book is practised upon as much as the Quran. It is a book which guides both a Prophet and a common man. This book has also been given a promise of protection by the Almighty Himself. All the miracles of the previous Prophets are no longer in the world, yet the greatest miracle of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him still exist in the form of the Quran and will continue to remain until the day of Judgement.


In fact, if we had to ask people from other religions to prove the veracity of Prophets that came to them, they will also present the Quran as a testimony. Yet, the Muslims are fortunate in that they can present thousands of evidence for the truth of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and his mission to this world. In fact, we should look at the following examples which clearly prove that the Quran continues to prove its truth on a continuous basis. The most amazing miracle of the Quran is that it continues to prove this among even those who do not accept it as a Divine Book.


A famous musician becomes a Muslim through the Quran.

Just recently, a very famous writer passed away in Paris by the name of Doctor Hameedullah. He writes, “a few years earlier, there was a famous musician in Paris who was quite famous for his speciality. He was also well educated and considered an expert in the field of music. Once, he had the opportunity of listening to the Quran and from that moment onwards, he became fascinated by the Quran.


He was also under the impression that this was something which could be adopted in his musical field but he was told that besides not being a book of poetry, it had no connection with music, he was extremely shocked and surprised.


He then began to study the Arabic language and came to the conclusion that it was only the Arabic language which had such depth in meaning that it could easily being transformed into different art form.


He then began to study the Arabic language and very soon, he was able to fluently recite the Quran. He also purchased a small copy of the Quran and whenever he had the opportunity, he found himself reciting the Quran. As he began to read the Quran, very soon, he accepted Islam and adopted the name Abdullah.


I then met him a few years ago in Istanbul and he mentioned that one of the greatest reasons for his conversion to Islam was the amazing manner in which the Quran was presented. He also mentioned that one of the miracles of the Quran was that if a single world or letter was mispronounced, there was always someone ready to correct this mistake. He therefore concluded that this could never be the word of any ordinary human and this definitely had to be a Divine revelation. He admitted that this was one of the reasons that he had accepted the religion of Islam. (From a translation. Yaqeen Islam. 7th March 1984).


Doctor Harun Mustafa (England).

He was also considered a doctor of philosophy, a doctor of literature, a doctor of science, a doctor of law etc. He also accepted Islam in 1882. He was also a professor of languages and geography. He was also a fellow of many universities in the US. He was also an expert in many languages such as Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Pushtu. He once also wrote an article for a magazine entitled the The Isle of Man Examiner on the subject of linguistics. On the subject of grammar, he was considered a real expert and master. His argument was accepted in most discussions. Many universities and colleges had in fact given him a honorary degree.


As we have said, he was well learned in geography and some of his books are still studied in the West. He also wrote many books of literature in the Arabic and Turkish language. In fact, the ruler of Turkey, Sultan Abdul Hameed Khan and the ruler of Australia had also bestowed many awards on him.


He admits his conversion in the following manner.

The teachings of Islam had certainly created an immense impact on me and this finally brought me into the fold of Islam. One of the things that Islam respects is the intellect of a human. It also places great emphasis on people being able to use their intellect and their capacity to think. It does not allow people to blindly follow a set of rules without first thinking and pondering. This is not the case with Christianity which makes a person blindly follow the church and whatever the church says even if it completely negates his common sense. Islam on the other hands, invites a person to use his common sense and invites him to use his God given intellect so that he can arrive at a logical conclusion.


Even the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him has stated that the Almighty has not given man something as valuable as intellect and whatever advantages are achieved in the world are acquired using ones intellect. In another statement the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him has stated that, “O people listen! No matter how much of salah you read, how much of fast you keep, how much of charity you give, perform Hajj Akbar, or no matter how much of good deed you do, you will only receive reward based upon how you used your intelligence and on your intention. Those people who blindly follow others, they have not used their intelligence.


(Bear in mind that these are his words and his opinion. The words of the hadith which he has mentioned does not mean that he has used the exact words of the Hadith shareef. He has obviously flavoured it with his own words and this is to be understood since we are talking about someone who is a new Muslim.).


Bear in mind that the world is considered as dark while knowledge is considered as light or brightness. Also remember that without knowledge, truth is a mere shadow of truth. It is the belief of Muslims that another name for Islam is “truth”. At the same time, to be able to reach this state, one has to also use ones intellect and common sense. Such is the importance of common sense and knowledge that Islam places great emphasis on this. This was also mentioned by the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him a short while before he left this mundane world.


Advice of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him.

It is mentioned that once while the blessed head of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was resting on the blessed lap of Hadrat Sayyidah Ayesha May Allah have mercy upon her and the people of Madina shareef were around them in extreme grief and sadness and the tears flowing down their faces could not be stopped. Bear in mind that this was someone who had removed them from darkness into the light. Who had removed from them from misguidance on to the path of guidance. This was a person at whose blessed feet, all the goodness of both worlds lay, this was someone who was about to leave them. You can imagine the sadness that these blessed people were experiencing at this moment.


On of these voices were heard saying, “O Prophet of Allah! you are leaving us and perhaps the Almighty is calling you to Him. What is going to happen to us?” The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him replied, “The book of Allah is with you.” They then asked, “In spite of this, if we require guidance on a certain matter further to this, what shall we do?” He replied, “After the book of Allah, consider my Sunnah and statements as a source of protection for you.”


The same person then asked in a soft manner, “May my father and mother be sacrificed for you, conditions do change and certain issues do arise. There is possibility we may not find the answer in the Quran or the Sunnah, what do you command us to do?”


The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him then managed to raise his head a little and his blessed face was shinning with immense Nur and he mentioned with immense dignity and control, “The Almighty has bestowed a guardian upon every person and that is, his inner self. He has also placed another guide on a person that is his intellect. One should use these with great thought and the Almighty in His Divine Grace will guide a person to the right path.” If this does not appeal to a person’s common sense, then what else will appeal to him.”


The person is question also became a great propagator of Islam and through is effort, nearly five hundred intellectuals accepted the message of Islam. Such was his impact on the West that in 1908, this person was banished from his country. Until 1912, he continued to serve Islam. He returned to England in 1912 and chose to live in Liverpool and died in 1936.


An American accepts the truth of Islam.

Tantawi Johari writes, “On the 13th of June 1932, I met an authority on the Arabic language namely Gilani. He mentioned a strange story to me. He mentioned that he had once had a very close relationship with a certain American professor and one day, while we were sitting together, he asked me, ‘Are you also one of those people who consider the Quran to be a miracle?’ He then began to laugh given me the impression that he certainly did not believe that the Quran was a miracle. In fact, he was under the impression that this was something which Muslims had merely made up.


However, I mentioned that prior to him making any further comment on the Quran, both of us should first look at the message in the Quran and test its impact and whether he can actually bring something like it. I then said to him that we should just take one word of the Quran which is that, “Hell is indeed very wide or expansive” and then write our own thoughts about this in Arabic which would explain this description. We also suggested that we each write about twenty sentences which describes this fact. After we had presented our own words and descriptions, I then suggested that whatever he or I had described was certainly nothing compared to how the Quran describes this. I then opened the Quran and showed him the 30th verse of Surah Qaf which is:

The day when We will ask hell, “Are you filled up?” and it will answer, “Are there some more?”


When he heard this description of hell, his mouth opened and he was in state of shock. He then said to me that indeed I had spoken the truth and that there was nothing like the Quran. Bear in mind that I was talking to an expert of languages.


I then said to him, “there is nothing surprising in your acceptance of this fact. You are an expert in linguistics and you have accepted the actual truth in this matter”.


He was also someone who was an expert in the Hebrew, the Arabic, the German and the English language.


(Shaikh Tantawi Johari. Al Jawaahir fi Tafseer Al Quran).



The testimony of a Christian priest on the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him.


The writer of “Aneesul ‘Alaam” was also someone who was once a Christian priest. He had completed his initial education under the supervision of various Christians monks and priests and had made a great name for himself. In this same treatise, he explains the background to him accepting the religion of Islam. He explains, “After immense travel and struggle, I arrived in a city in which there lived a very eminent and respect Head priest. In fact, he was so respected and loved that even the king who was a Catholic used to also contact him if there were any issues which required appropriate answers and clarification.


He had many students, but for some reason used to show special love for me. In fact, the keys of his house was also with me except the key to a special box which he personally kept. One day he mentioned to me that he was not feeling well and that I should inform the other students of this. When I went to see them, I noticed that they were busy in debate and discussion. They were debating the word’ Faarqaleet” which was a syriac word and they were also discussing its Latin meaning. This debate was very lengthy.


When I returned to my teacher, he asked me what these students were debating and I mentioned that they were discussing the word “Faarqaleet” and its various meanings. He then asked me whether I had any opinion on this issue and I said that I had felt that the best meaning to this word would be “Mukhtaar”. He then mentioned that I was not incorrect in my assumption but still this was not the absolute truth. He then mentioned that the only people who knew the actual meaning of this word were those who were firmly established on religious knowledge and no one else. In fact, even among these people, there were very few. I then insisted that he reveal the actual meaning to me. He then began to weep and informed me that he revealed many things to me and not hidden anything from me.


However, he did mention to me that if the actual meaning of this term was revealed to me, the consequences would be dire. He mentioned that if either one of us were to reveal the actual meaning of this name, both of would be killed. He then mentioned that if I made a promise never to reveal this to anyone, he would reveal the secret to me. I then promised that I would never reveal this to anyone. He then revealed that this was one of the titles of the Prophet of Islam and its meaning was Ahmed and Mohammed. He then handed me the special key to the box in his room and asked me to bring a certain book to him.


Both of these books were recorded prior to the blessed birth of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and were binded in very old leather. In these books, the meaning of this term was clearly mentioned as being either “Ahmed” or “Mohammed”. He also mentioned that prior to the arrival of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him even the Jews were fully aware that this was the meaning of the term/ However, after he had arrived, merely to protect to their material objects and property, they changed the meaning of this term and tried to make it look like it indicated to Jesus as being the Messiah even though this was not correct.


I then asked him what he thought about the Christian religion and he mentioned that this had been abrogated and cancelled after the arrival of Islam. He mentioned this three times to me. I then asked what the path of guidance and salvation was in this time and he mentioned that this was only based on following the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and nothing else. I then asked whether those who follow him are the Ahle Jannah. He again replied on three occasions that this was indeed so. He then mentioned that if I desired salvation in the hereafter, I must follow the religion of Islam. He then mentioned that he will always make dua for me and that that on the day of Judgement I must be a witness for him that internally, he was a Muslim and was someone who followed the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him.” (Tafseer Namunah. Volume 1).


The thoughts of a female who accepted Islam.

Becky Habicus was an American female who had accepted Isla, even though she was born in a Christian family. In fact, after reading about Islam she was so impressed that she felt she had no choice but to accept Islam.


Her article appeared in a certain American magazine. We will present just a short excerpt from this article. She mentions, “There is no doubt that the answers to the questions which I had sought for my entire life, I had certainly managed to find them and this was a cause of great happiness. I can only describe it in this manner like a person who is blind and suddenly he is able to see the truth and sees such light which he has never seen before. How can I describe this joy which is only achieved after seeing the truth?


The most amazing object which was shown to me was indeed the Holy Quran. I have immense love and respect for the Quran and whenever I have the opportunity, I read the Quran. I can never seem to separate myself from the Quran and even the translation gives me immense joy and whenever I read the Quran, I begin to weep.


There are some many times in which I have held the Quran thinking of the Almighty and have begun to cry. Without this, my entire life is useless. When I think about my like without Islam. I begin to tremble with fear. If only I had the power to climb on the highest mountain and inform the whole world of what I had managed to acquire, I would certainly do this. All my questions have been answered. Now I am aware of the truth. In fact, I can say that even if the whole world gives thanks to the Almighty for what I have achieved (through the Quran), they would never be able to give thanks.”


Opinions of certain people.

It is mentioned that the French government had given one of their famous historians and writers the task of translating certain Surahs of the Quran into the French language. They admitted, “There is no doubt that the method and manner of the Quran is something which could have only been done by the Divine Creator. There is no doubt that the truth and the veracity which is found in the Quran can only be the sign of a Divine Book.


One of the facts and miracles in this regard is that all of the Christian missions around the world have clearly seen that whoever has seen the Quran once, has never been able to refute the message of the Quran. And this applies to millions of people around the world who call themselves Muslims. In fact, only a handful have become murtads over the years.


  1. Another Western expert states, “As much as we look at various verses in a different light, on every occasion, there seems to be a new dimension in its meaning and implication. It also attracts us and then mesmerized us. Finally, we have no choice but to accept the truth of this book. (Shahaadat Al Aqwaan).


The famous Egyptian writer Ahmed Fathi translated a French book written by a Mr Kenneth Henry entitled “Al Islam” into Arabic. In this book, the writer admits the following the truth of the Quran. He writes, “How can such a book be prepared by someone who was considered to be an Ummi. Everyone has also admitted that it is impossible for anyone to be able to prepare a book such as this either literally or in meaning. This is that book which even made a person like Umar remain silent. This is that book which when it was recited by Jafer bin Abi Talib in front of the King of Abyssinia, it brought tears to his eyes and he had to admit that this is the same words which appeared from the same spring from which Nabi Esa peace be upon received his words. (Shahaadat Al Islam).


Another famous writer Gibbons admits, “From the Atlantic to the river Ganges, this book, the Quran has been accepted as a soul of any parliament. It is a book of laws and not only on religious matters but in various issues pertaining to punishment and other human matters through which a government is based. There is no doubt that the shariah of Mohammed May Allah have mercy upon him is more powerful than anything else. It is based on such unmatched laws and regulations that its example is not found anywhere in the world.


The thoughts of Maurice Buqaille.

Everyone knows that he is writer of the famous book entitled, “The Bible, Quran and science.” In fact, this book has achieved a special place in the minds of various scholars around the world. He is also the writer of the book “Origin of man” in which he has proven that whatever has been mentioned in the Quran on this subject nearly fourteen hundred years ago, the same has been proven by modern science. In fact, even the church has accepted the opinion of this famous doctor and has also mentioned that this book certainly increases the education of people.


One of the points which has proven the status of this man is that he was invited to various universities on both sides of the Atlantic to deliver his lectures. In fact, some of his thoughts about the Quran and science were also eagerly listened to by other experts in the field. In fact, there are numerous scholars in the West after listening to him came to the conclusion that indeed the Quran was not something which was written by the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him but a book which is Divinely revealed. In fact, he has attacked those scholars who think otherwise and attack the teachings of the Quran without any basis.


A few years prior, a famous newspaper in Arabia carried an interview with this person. The name of the newspaper was Al Alam Al Islam. This was later translated into English and published in another journal called “Yaqeen International”. We will present a few lines from this interview.


Question: You have made an in depth study of the Quran, what are your thoughts?

Answer: At the beginning, like so many ordinary French people, I was also under the impression that this book had been written by Mohammed peace and salutations be upon him and that he was indeed a very powerful person and possessed amazing talent and qualities. However, after I had completed my studies and started my own practise and began to meet various Muslims, they assured me that my thoughts about the Quran were certainly incorrect and misled. After listening to the statements of these people and the various testimony which they provided, I decided to rethink my opinion.


I also realised that many people in France such as the different experts in circular and religious knowledge, the different writers, the various columnists, the various TV and radio presenters are certainly liars in the comments they make about Islam and the Prophet of Islam. The only thing they are doing is misleading and misguiding the general public. I was obviously extremely worried about this and decided to first study the Arabic language so that I will better understand the Quran. Bear in mind that I had already passed fifty. I then spent two years only in the acquisition of this knowledge. After I had studied Arabic and then started to study the Quran, I had reached a conclusion that certainly this was indeed a book which had been Divinely revealed and that Mohammed peace and salutations be upon him was certainly a true Prophet.


What wash is thoughts about the Quran. These were some of his words. “It is unanimously accepted that the Quran is indeed the Divine Words of the Almighty. This was sent to the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him via Jibraeel Ameen.

As for me personally, I studied various parts of the Quran very carefully and in-depth and did not find anything in the Quran which contradicted modern science. However, I also realised that the message of the Quran in this regard was something which had remained hidden for many centuries and was also something which was beyond the comprehension of ordinary people. This itself is a clear proof and testimony that this is indeed the Divine Message of the Almighty. Hence, there are many implications and verses in the Quran which are beyond the comprehension and understanding of ordinary humans.


Question: In your opinion, how can this message be spread among the educated people of Europe?


Answer: One of the best forms of spreading of Islam is to spread it in the language of the local populace. At the same time, one needs to understand the minds, the thoughts and the normal behaviour of the local masses. Answers should be given in such a manner which is able to impress them and satisfy them. In fact, this is the manner which which I had adopted when the wrote the Bible, the Quran and science, I had written it in such a manner which created an invitation even for the Christian scholars to study the words and message of the Quran even further. This resulted in the book being widely acclaimed in Europe.


In fact, many people had written to me and applauded the manner in which I had presented my message. Many of them also had no choice but to accept that indeed the Quran was not something which was written by man. They also had to accept that indeed, the Bible did in fact have certain statements within it which were completely contrary to each other. These are those points which I had pointed out to them. In fact, a few days ago, a few responsible Christians scholars had also in a public platform praised the manner in which I had written this treatise.”


A famous astronomer accepts the Quran as the Divine Word of Allah!

The person who narrates this story is someone named Inaytullah Khan Mashriqi. This was further recorded by Doctor Ghulam Jilani Barq. This happened in 1909. He writes, “It was on a rainy Saturday when this incident happened. .


As I went outside, I met a famous professor of astronomy from the Cambridge university. He was also walking with a copy of the Bible under his arms. I then approached him and greeted him. He did not reply to my greeting and I had to greet him a second time. On the second occasion he looked at me and asked what I wanted. I mentioned to him, “There are two things. Firstly, it is raining quite heavily today and you have placed a book under your arm. Secondly, a person like you who is considered an authority in your field are walking towards a church to pray, what is the reason for this?” When he heard my words, he remained silent and invited me for tea that evening. At four that afternoon, I arrived at his residence. His wife appeared at the door and mentioned that her husband was waiting for me.


When I arrived in the room, there was a small table in the middle of the room and there was tea and other refreshments waiting. He then asked me about the questions which I had asked. Before I could answer, he then started to explain the workings of the universe such as the stars and other celestial objects and it was so powerful an explanation that I even began to doubt the message of Islam. He then mentioned that when he enters the church and admits that he is a servant of the Creator in spite of knowing all of these things, he feels a complete sense of peace and tranquillity. He then asked me whether now, I understood the reason why he goes to church.


Allamah Mashriqi admits, “This speech by the learned professor certainly created a revolution within me and greatly affected my mind.” I then mentioned to him, “Sir, there is no doubt that your words and message has certainly had a great impact on me. However, I can also remember two verses of the Quran which I would like to present in front of you if you give me permission?” He then gave me permission to mention these two verses to him.


I then mentioned 27th and 28th verse of Surah Fatir which is:

اَلَمْ تَرَ اَنَّ اللہَ اَنۡزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَآءِ مَآءً ۚ فَاَخْرَجْنَا بِہٖ ثَمَرٰتٍ مُّخْتَلِفًا اَلْوٰنُہَا ؕ وَمِنَ الْجِبَالِ جُدَدٌۢ بِیۡضٌ وَّ حُمْرٌ مُّخْتَلِفٌ اَلْوٰنُہَا وَ غَرَابِیۡبُ سُوۡدٌ ﴿۲۷﴾

Have you not seen that Allah has sent down water from the sky and then We brought forth therewith fruits of different colours. And in the mountains are streak white and red of different colours and some raven black.
وَ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَ الدَّوَآبِّ وَ الْاَنْعٰمِ مُخْتَلِفٌ اَلْوٰنُہٗ کَذٰلِکَ ؕ اِنَّمَا یَخْشَی اللہَ مِنْ عِبَادِہِ الْعُلَمٰٓؤُا ؕ اِنَّ اللہَ عَزِیۡزٌ غَفُوۡرٌ ﴿۲۸﴾

And men and beasts and cattle, in like manner, there are various colours, Only those of His bondmen who possess knowledge fear Allah. Undoubtedly, Allah is Dignified, Forgiving.


And similarly the colours of men and beasts and cattle, are different; among the bondmen of Allah, only the people of knowledge fear Him; indeed Allah is the Most Honourable, Oft Forgiving.


When he heard these words, he was in a state of shock. He could not believe that such verses existed in the Quran. He then made it clear that if these verses are indeed in the Quran, then his name should also be recorded as being among those who sincerely believe that the Quran is a Divinely revealed book. He also mentioned that Mohammed peace and salutations be upon him was someone who was considered an Ummai and how could he have known such things. There is no doubt that such things could have only been sent to him as a Divine Inspiration.


At the same time, we believe that if Allamah Mashriqi had only taken the time to mention the 75th, 76th and 77th verses of Surah Waqi’ah to the learned professor, he would have also come to the conclusion that all his years of study were nothing but a waste of time. The verses are:

فَلَاۤ اُقْسِمُ بِمَوٰقِعِ النُّجُوۡمِ ﴿ۙ۷۵﴾

Then I swear by the places where the stars set.
وَ اِنَّہٗ لَقَسَمٌ لَّوْ تَعْلَمُوۡنَ عَظِیۡمٌ ﴿ۙ۷۶﴾

And if you know that is mighty oath.


اِنَّہٗ لَقُرْاٰنٌ کَرِیۡمٌ ﴿ۙ۷۷﴾

Undoubtedly, this is an Honourable Quran.


The truth of the Quran from the Quran.

In Surah Saba, verse 6, the Quran declares:

وَ یَرَی الَّذِیۡنَ اُوۡتُوا الْعِلْمَ الَّذِیۡۤ اُنۡزِلَ اِلَیۡکَ مِنۡ رَّبِّکَ ہُوَ الْحَقَّ ۙ وَ یَہۡدِیۡۤ اِلٰی صِرٰطِ الْعَزِیۡزِ الْحَمِیۡدِ ﴿۶﴾

And those who received the knowledge (meaning the Jews and Christians) know that what is sent down upon you (the Quran) from your Lord is the truth, and it shows the path of the Most Honourable, the Most Praiseworthy.


In Surah Bani Israel, this is further clarified in verse 107:

قُلْ اٰمِنُوۡا بِہٖۤ اَوْلَا تُؤْمِنُوۡا ؕ اِنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ اُوۡتُوا الْعِلْمَ مِنۡ قَبْلِہٖۤ اِذَا یُتْلٰی عَلَیۡہِمْ یَخِرُّوۡنَ لِلۡاَذْقَانِ سُجَّدًا ﴿۱۰۷﴾ۙ


Proclaim, “Whether you accept faith in it or not”; indeed those who received knowledge before the Qur’an came, fall down prostrate on their faces when it is recited to them.


The leaders of the Quraish and the Quran.

Once there was a person named Labeed bin Rabeeh among the Quraish who was considered as one of their most eloquent writers and poets. As a challenge, he once wrote a few lines of poetry and placed it on the wall of the Kaba and also challenged anyone to bring something like it. When this happened, one the Muslims in Mecca shareef placed a copy of Surah Kauther on the same wall the next day. When Labeeb arrived the next day and when he saw the three line of this surah, he was shocked and made a public announcement that this was indeed not the words of a human and that he had also accepted the Islamic faith.


After that, he refused to write any poetry. He spent his entire life only reading the Quran. One day, Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him asked him, “You were one of the most famous poets in Arabia but I have never seen you write a poem after accepting Islam. If you can mention a poem, we will be prepared to listen to it.” He replied, “When the Almighty has revealed such surahs as Surah Baqarah and Surah Ale Imran, I do not like to mention any poetry after this.” (Al Isti’aab. 291).


Another leader of the Quraish was someone called Nasr bin Haarith who in spite of being a disbeliever, used to accept the Quran as the Divine Book of Allah. He once mentioned to a gathering of the kuffar, “The amount of problems I have today, I have never had such problems before. All of you are aware that Mohammed is the most truthful and honest and a person with the best of behaviour. When these are the thoughts you used to have about him when he was young, how come your thoughts have changed about him when white hair has also appeared in him?


Sometimes you say that the words which he mentions is nothing but poetry and sometimes you call him a poet. However, I swear by the Almighty that is indeed not a poet. The reason is that I am fully aware of the laws of poetry. There is nothing common with his words and the words of poetry. Sometimes, you people claim that he is insane, yet, again I swear by the Almighty that he is indeed not insane. Another reason is that the nonsense which an insane person utters, Mohammed peace and salutations be upon him is certainly free of that. At times, you claim that he is a magician or fortune teller. Yet, I swear by the Almighty that he is indeed not that also. None of us are children where we do not know who is a fortune teller and who is a magician.” Al Khasaa’is Al Kubra.


In fact, even the disbelievers in Mecca used to admit that, “We have become the opponents of Mohammed peace and salutations be upon him without any valid reason and have damaged our relationship with him. He is certainly not a liar and the words which he had brought, they are certainly not the words of a human.” Al Khasaa’is Al Kubra. 1/116.


Once a person from the Bani Sulaim approached the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and asked him a few questions. The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him answered these questions and also mentioned a few verses of the Quran to him. When this person returned to his tribe, he mentioned to them, “I have heard the words and statements of some of the most eloquent speakers in both Rome and Persia and have met many fortune tellers. I have also heard the words of Khumayrah, but bear in mind that I have never heard such words as mentioned by the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. All of you should accept my opinion and obey him.” Thereafter, nearly a thousand people from this tribe arrived in front of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and accepted Islam. (Al Khasaa’is Al Kubra. 1/116).


Imam Jalaaludeen Suyutwi merct in the Al Khasaa’si records the words of Imam Bahiqi May Allah have mercy upon him that, “One night, Abu Jahl, Abu Sulayman and Akhnas bin Shuraiq went quietly to listen to words of the Quran been recited by the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. However, in the morning, they began to scold each other for doing this and made a promised among themselves that they will never do this again. However, the next night they did the same thing quietly without each other knowing. When this was revealed, they were extremely embarrassed and again made a promised to each other that they would not do this again. However, the sweetness and eloquence of the Quran again forced them to this on the third night as well. In fact, each one of them did this separately and came and went silently.


In the morning, Akhnas bin Shuraik took his walking stick and approached Abu Sufyan and asked him his thoughts about the Quran. He closed his lips and silently mentioned that he felt the words of the Quran were the truth. Akhnas mentioned that these were also his thoughts as well. He then approached Abu Jahl and asked him the same question. Abu Jahl replied, “There has always been animosity between my family and the family of Bani Abde Munaf. Whenever they desired a higher political and leadership status, we continued to oppose them. They then started to call people to themselves through charity and kindness


We also started to display more of these qualities. When they started to take care of the responsibilities of others, we also opposed them in this as well. All of Arabia also knows that both our tribes are on equal level. However, suddenly they mentioned that a Prophet had been revealed among them and that this Prophet was receiving Divine revelation. How could we compete with something like this. Therefore, we decided that from that moment, we will oppose them with power and might and we will never accept their message.” (Al Khasaa’is Al Kubra. 1/115).


A book by a non Muslim.

There was once a person from Georgia who wrote a book on the life of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him which he entitled, “Mohammed is such a Prophet who should be re-examined”. He records the following incident in this treatise. He writes, “During the dead of night, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy upon him used to read the Quran with his beautiful and attractive voice. According to the historian Ibn Hishaam, whenever anyone passed by the house of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy upon him, they could not hold themselves from stopping and listening to the Quran being recited.


In fact, sometimes, there used to a long line of people outside his house. When the Quraish saw this, they sent a special letter to the leader of the Bani Rafaa’e who had given their personal protection to Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy upon him because he had also once hosted the leader of this tribe in Mecca shareef. They also sent special gifts to this person and informed him. “Since you have given personal protection to this person, at least inform him not to read the Quran loudly because there is so much of crowd outside his house that it could create tension and stress and hence disturb the peace. The leader of this tribe then asked the eminent companion not to read the Quran loudly or else he should return this pact of protection. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy upon him did not hesitate to return this pact of protection and made it clear to everyone that he was not prepared to stop this for the sake of anyone.


If this is the state of reciting the Quran by Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy upon him, imagine the state of reciting the Quran by the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him? It is mentioned that once during the month of Ramadan, the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him arrived in the haram shareef to read his salah. At that time also, there were a large group of people from the Quraish who were also present at that spot. He then started to recite Surah Najam. When they heard him reciting the Quran, they could do nothing but listen. All of them stood still without moving. In fact, when he reached the final verses of the surah wherein one is commanded to fall into sajdah for the Almighty, all of them also fell into sajdah without realizing what they were doing. When the other mushriks saw this, they became to insult those who had fell into sajdah. However, these people made a false claim that they had actually made sajdah for their idols.


Tufail bin Amar Dousi May Allah have mercy upon him.

This was considered as one of the eminent people among the Arabs and one of the leaders of his tribe. In fact, his tribe also controlled certain parts of Yemen. He arrived in Mecca shareef in the 11th year of Islam and the moment he arrived in Mecca shareef, the Quraish took him to one side to inform him about what was happening. They said to him. “You have arrived in our city, however, there is a person named Mohammed among us who has created great confusion. In fact, such is the power of his magic that a son has gone against his own father, a wife had gone against her own husband and the family unit of each family has been disturbed. We are afraid that you also do not become a victim of this and he does not influence you and your tribe as well. Therefore, our advice to you is not to listen to his words and not to speak to him.”


Hadrat Sayyiduna Tufail May Allah have mercy upon him continues, “These people continued to give me advice and I finally made the intention that I will not speak to this person and I will not listen to anything he said. In fact, the next morning when I arrived in the haram shareef, I placed some material in my ear so that I could hear nothing. However, it was the Divine Wish of the Almighty that I listen to a few words of his. I heard the most beautiful of words. I then said to myself, ‘I am indeed a qualified poet and nothing which is lies can be hidden from me. Why should I not listen to some of his words. If there is truth in it, I will accept it and if there are lies, I will reject it.’ I then decided to follow him to his residence after everyone had left. When he entered his house, I also entered with him. I then informed him of everything which had occurred to me. He then presented Islam to me and recited a few verses of the Quran to me. I swear by Allah that I had never heard such words of truth before. I then accepted Islam on the spot and swore to the truth of Islam.”


How many incidents of this nature can we supply? There are hundreds of them. In fact, at first, we had presented examples of people in Arabia who were stunned by the message of the Quran, and in the present era, we find that there are numerous non Muslims who have no option but to accept the truth of Islam when they hear about it.


After thirty years, he included the Quran in his papers!

It is mentioned that once the famous professor of embryology from Arabia, namely Professor Abdul Majid Azandani presented a few verses of the Quran to another Western expert in this field namely Professor Keith L Muir. He was so impressed by these verses that in the third edition of his book on the subject of embryology, he made certain that he include these verses of the Quran in his treatise.


He also mentions that, “It is my great pleasure that with the arrival of the third edition of this book, I have included the Islamic perspective in the field of embryology ably assisted by Professor Abdul Majid Azandani. The same words have been mentioned as in the first two editions, however, I have also included some aspects from the Quran and hadith on this subject as well. In fact, I was clearly shocked that there were such passages in the Quran which dealt with such an intricate topic.


The incident with Ibnul Muqaffa!

It is said that when certain people saw that people were being greatly impressed by the Quran and the message to be found in the Quran, they decided to hire the services of an expert writer to prepare something against the Quran. The then decided to hire the services of someone called Ibnul Muqaffa who died 727 ah. He was considered a very learned scholar and an expert writer as well. In fact, he was also so sure of himself that he asked these people to take care of all of his expenses for one complete year so that he could completely concentrate on the task at hand.


He also mentioned that in this manner, he would not be disturbed with wordily issues since the subject was very intricate and difficult. After six months, his friends then decided to visit him to see how far he had completed his task. However, when they entered his house, they were shocked to see that he was sitting on one corner of his house like an insane person and the pen was in his hand doing nothing. He was also in deep thought. Next to him there were piles of paper on which he had written something and then thrown it away. At the same time, he was looking like someone who had been completely defeated. He then admitted to these people that it was not possible to write something like the Quran.


Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him was also someone who was amazed by the Quran and then accepted Islam. He admits that at first, he was also under the impression that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was a poet but when he heard the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him recite a verse from Surah Takweer, he was completely stunned. He admits that from that moment onwards, in his heart, a spark for Islam was created. However, at the same time, he still had immense dislike for Islam but this was very quickly destroyed when he heard his blessed sister reciting certain verses from Surah Taha.


Excellences of certain Surahs and verses.

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah May Allah have mercy upon him narrates from Hadrat Sayyiduna Musayyib bin Raafe May Allah have mercy upon him that, “On the day of Judgement, Surah Alif Laam Meem Sajdah will appear with two wings and will place a shadow over those who used to recite (this surah). It will also declare to these people that they will not experience difficulty and sadness.” (Al Atqan fi Ulum Al Quran).


Surah Yaseen.

In the Abu Daud, the Nisaa’i and in the ibn Habban etc with their sanad, a report is presented from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah May Allah have mercy upon him (from the report of Hadrat Sayyiduna Ma’qal bin Yasaar May Allah have mercy upon him) that Surah Yaseen is the pure and pristine heart of the Quran. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen for the Divine Pleasure of Allah and to attain reward in the hereafter, the Almighty will pardon that person. This surah should be recited for the deceased. In one report it is mentioned that whoever reads the Quran once, he will receive the reward of having completed ten Qurans.


Surah Ar Rahman.

Imam Bahiqi May Allah have mercy upon him records a statement of Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali May Allah have mercy upon him who has stated that, “For everything there is a beauty and the beauty of the Quran is Surah Ar Rahman.”


Surah Mulk.

Imam Tirmidi May Allah have mercy upon him records from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas May Allah have mercy upon him that, “Surah Tabaarakal lazi is something which stops (punishment) and something which protects against the punishment in the grave.


Surah Bayyinah.

Imam Abu Naeem May Allah have mercy upon him through is sanad records from Hadrat Sayyiduna Ismail bin Abi Hakim Mazani May Allah have mercy upon him that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him has stated that, “The Almighty certainly listens to your recital (of the Quran) and after listening (to you recite) surah Al Bayyinah, He declares, ‘Give glad tidings to My slave that I swear by My Divine Greatness I will most certainly bestow Jannah on you until you are well satisfied.”


Surah Ikhlas.

Imam Tabarani May Allah have mercy upon him in the Awsat records from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Shaikh May Allah have mercy upon him that, “That person who recites surah Ikhlas at the time of his death, there will be no accountability for him (for his actions) in the grave and neither will the grave press him. On the day of Judgement, the Angels will carry him and take him across the Pul Siraat and allow him to enter Jannah.” (Al Atqan).


The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him also mentioned to another blessed companion once, “Certainly, surah Ikhlas will take you into Jannah.” (Bukhari shareef).


In regards to reward or Thawab, surah Ikhlas is considered as one third of the Quran. In other words, if you recite it three times, you will receive the reward of having completed the entire Quran. (Sihah Sittah).


Ayatul Kursi.

Imam ibn Habban and Imam Sanaa’i May Allah have mercy upon them record from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abi Umaamah May Allah have mercy upon him who explains that, “Whoever recites Ayatul Kursi after every Fard salah, the only thing which exists between him and Jannah is death.” (In other words, the minute he dies, he will enter Jannah immediately). (Al Atqan, Mishkat shareef).


The last two verses of Surah Baqarah.

In the Sihah Sitta it is recorded from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Mas’ud May Allah have mercy upon him who declares that, “He who recites the last two verses of Surah Baqarah at night, this would be sufficient for him (for his salvation in the hereafter).


The last verses of Surah Ale Imran.

Imam Bahiqi May Allah have mercy upon him through his sanad records the words of Hadrat Sayyiduna Uthman Ghani May Allah have mercy upon him who explains that, “Whoever recites the last verses of Surah Ale Imran in the last part of the night, he will receive reward as someone who had spent the entire night in ibaadah.” It is mentioned that when the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him used to arise for the Tahajjud salah, he used to lift his head towards the heavens and recite these verses. There are numerous excellences of various verses and surah which have appeared in the Hadith, however, there are too numerous to mention at this stage.


Hadith 49. (Tirmidi and Daarimi).

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali May Allah have mercy upon him narrates that he heard the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him declare one day, “Be aware that there is a great fitnah which will appear”. I then asked him, “O Prophet of Allah! what is method of protecting and saving oneself from the mischief of this fitnah?” He replied, “Through the Book of Allah. In it, you will find the lessons of the previous ummah. You will also find news of the future. (In other words, you will find news of what is eventually going to happen to the world and what will be the results of your actions and deeds).


Whatever issue arises between you, in the Quran you will find its answer and decision. (In other words, what is correct and what is incorrect). It is indeed the final word. It does not contain useless speech and falsehood. Whichever powerful and mighty ruler abandoned the Quran, the Almighty will destroy that person and whoever looks for guidance from anywhere else besides the Quran, there will be nothing for him but misguidance. (In other words, he will rob himself of the message of truth). The Quran is a strong connection with the Almighty and a solid message or guidance and it is the right path. It is a clear truth and by following it, false thoughts are eliminated.


The voice can also not mislead its (message). (In other words, in the previous books, people used to say something and mean something else. In other words, they changed the pronunciation of certain words in such a subtle manner that it meant and implied something else). This type of thing can never be done with the Quran. (The Almighty has certainly protected the Quran until the day of Judgement). Those who have knowledge never tire of it. (In other words, it is an infinite ocean of knowledge and advice.


In other words, there is so much of knowledge in the Quran that the quest of someone will never cease. There will never come a time in the life of a person where he will say that he achieved all the knowledge of the Quran. In fact, one of the amazing miracles of the Quran is that as much as a person searches and delves into the knowledge of the Quran, he is thirst for more and more knowledge will continue to increase. In fact, finally a person would conclude that whatever he had achieved is nothing compared to what is in the Quran. The Quran is also something which does not become old by continuous recital. (In other words, as other books in the world become stale when reading continuously, this is not the case with the Quran. As much as a person reads the Quran, so much so his enjoyment and spiritual joy will increase). The wonders of the Quran will never cease.


In fact, one of the wonders of the Quran is that when the Jinnat heard the words of the Quran they declared that they had indeed heard a most strange book which calls others to guidance. They had no other choice but to the believe in the Quran. Whoever has spoken according to the Quran, he has spoken the truth. He who practises according to the Quran, he is entitled for reward. He who judges according to the Quran, he has practised on truth and justice. He who calls towards the Quran, he has called people towards the right path.


The various faculties of the Quran.

There is immense meaning and depth in the above mentioned hadith shareef. It also indicates to everything which will occur until the day of Judgement. This also includes modern science which people are unaware of. Whatever I have in this regard, I will present it to the reader and what I have learnt as far as different sciences and faculties of learning are concerned, I will also present that as well. This will be of great benefit to the reader and perhaps also eliminate some of the misconceptions that people may have.


In fact, we can say without a shadow of doubt that the day is not very far when science in the world will have no option but to accept the word of the Quran and become a Muslim. In fact, when eminent scientist and scholars have had to admit the truth of the Quran, very soon, the message of Islam will be found all over the world. Prior to discussing this topic, we will discuss a few faculties of knowledge which are to be found in the Quran.


A treasure of knowledge.

As we have mentioned that the Quran is indeed a treasure of knowledge and an ocean without shores. In it is found both hidden and apparent knowledge. Through this Quran, some have become the Imam Ghazzali of his era and others have become the Imam Razi of his era. Some have become the Moulana Rumi of his era. All of them have achieved from the Quran what they were destined to achieve. None of the eminent scholars have ever mentioned that whatever they have achieved from the Quran was all that the Quran could give them.


When we look at the Tafseer of Imam Razi May Allah have mercy upon him, there is an ocean of logic and philosophy. When we look at the masterpieces of Imam Ismail Haqqi May Allah have mercy upon him and Imam Syed Mahmud Ahmed Alusi May Allah have mercy upon him, we will find that there is an ocean of tasawwaf and spirituality. Some who were masters of Arabic syntax, when you look at their masterpieces in the explanation of the Quran, you will find an ocean of Arabic syntax and grammar. In other words, whoever dived into the ocean of knowledge as per his speciality, he was able to come back with priceless gems to prove his case.


As we have mentioned, the Quran also explains about past Ummah and nations and some of the dangerous events which they had to face and endure. At the same time, some of immense punishment they had to face due to their disobedience. In the Quran, the beginning of creation is explained and the end of creation is also explained. How a person is created in the womb of his mother is also explained. Many different creations of the Almighty as also described in the Quran.


The various heavenly objects such as the sun, the moon, the stars etc are described in the Quran. In fact, many objects mentioned in the Quran have not even being fully explored yet by mankind. In it, the actions of people and the result of these actions are also explained. The various social and economical strategies for a successful nation is also mentioned. In it, the various laws which explain the security of a nation and how to deliver punishment to those who are mischievous are also explained so that we can have a stable community.


In it, Shirk and oppression have been condemned. The Divine Being is also mentioned and how we are able to understand His Divine Plan and Action. Ma’rifah of the Almighty is the basis of all knowledge. The corrupt beliefs of people and their symptoms have been explained. The various corruption which has occurred in past books have been pointed out and the method of rectifying ones beliefs has also been explained. In it, how a man can attain eternal salvation and success is also explained. What happens after death has been explained. What is the result of bad and good deeds have also been explained. How to control the carnal desires is explained and what is the evil of carnal desires is also explained. The different methods of ibaadah is explained so that man can achieve success in both worlds. There is no doubt that the Quran is a vast ocean of knowledge and can truly be understood by that person who genuinely looks for the truth.


When we look at the story of Pharaoh, he considered the miracles of Nabi Moosa peace be upon him as nothing as magic. This is why he made his own personal magicians challenge the great Prophet. However, these same magicians considered this as a true miracle of Nabi Moosa peace be upon him and hence they brought Imaan on the great Prophet. This proves that as long as a person does not understand the true meaning of something, he will never be able to understand the exact implication of that object. Hence, one of the greatest lessons to people who do not have that much of knowledge is to rely on the advice of those who have attained knowledge and to accept what they say and teach.


In the Quran such immense faculties of knowledge are mentioned which can only be understood by those who are well learned. We have certainty that those who truly seek knowledge from the Quran will achieve their mission and will also be able to attain knowledge as the learned have achieved. Through this, they will have no other option but to admit that the Quran is indeed a True Divine Book. Our advice to those who are learning the Quran is to seek the guidance of those who are learned and possess proper beliefs so that the real Siraat Al Mustaqeem is achieved.


The five main branches of knowledge.

Hadrat Shah Wali’ullah Muhaddith Dehwli May Allah have mercy upon him explains in the “Al Fouz Al Kabeer fi Usul Al Tafseer” thereby eliminating a lot of confusion and making it as simple as possible the following important point which is that as per the verses of the Quran, it is can be divided into five parts or categories. He says that even though the Quran has thousands and thousands of different aspects of knowledge, yet all of them are found within five main categories. He also admits that he is hopeful that the true seeker of knowledge will hereafter find it easier to analyse each branch and aspect found in the Quran.


  1. Ilm Al Ahkaam – Category of laws and commands.


All the commands of the Quran, whether it be Waajib, Mustahab, Haraam, Makruh or Mubah, whether it pertains to ibaadah, different issues, whether it pertains to achieving an objective or politics. All of these commands fall into one single category. All of these laws have also been given to man as per what was the requirement of man.


The foundation or basis of these laws is the millat of Nabi Ebrahim peace be upon him. Since the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was sent on the millat of Nabi Ebrahim peace be upon him, hence it was important to continue and maintain this. Another important aspect to be borne in mind is that it was Divine Purpose of the Almighty that the Arabs be purified through the blessed hands of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and all others to be purified through the Arabs of that era.


This is the reason that another basic foundation was the mannerisms and behaviour of the Arab. However, in the affairs of ibaadah all of these had been changed or misplaced. The people of the jahaaliyah era had corrupted all of this. It was the mission of the Quran to rectify all of this. In social issues, oppression had taken hold and also unnecessary war and killing. In other words, the world of politics had changed for the worse. Therefore, the Quran gave guidance on how this could be rectified.


Affairs pertaining to non Muslims

In the Quran, there are four groups in this regard which are mentioned. They are the Jews, the Christians, the Mushriks and the Munaafiq. This was explained in two methods. The first is that the corrupt beliefs of these people were presented and the evils of these beliefs were then presented. At the same time, the immense hatred and dislike which should be displayed for these beliefs have also been presented. Another important point is that the doubts have been presented and how to answer these doubts.


The Mushriks.

These people used to claim that they were steadfast on Millat-e-Ebrahim. However, they had abandoned all the symbols of this Millat. Yes, they believed in the existence of a Divine Creator, they believed that He had created everything, however, they had created immense doubt in some aspects of these beliefs.


In like manner, they believed in shirk (another god), they made other gods and also hand made other gods. The completely disbelieved in the last day and they considered the Prophet hood of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him as an impossible event. They also openly committed sin and transgression and also created new ways of worshipping. The Quran also clearly explained some of their false practises and beliefs.


As far their Shirk belief was concerned, the Quran had clearly asked them proof for this. At the same time, their manner of following their forefathers in the matter of shirk, it was clearly told to them that these things can never be equal to Allah. They were also informed that all the previous Prophets had also clearly condemned shirk. As far as their false belief in which they compared the Creator to someone else, they were told that a offspring has to be according to his father, hence, it was impossible for anyone human to be the son of the Divine Creator. As far as their changing of Divine laws were concerned, it was clearly told to them that their belief in this regard was clearly against Millat-e-Ebrahim and not proven by this Millat. They were also told that these types of misguidance were the creation of people who were certainly not sinless.


As far as their disbelief in the last day was concerned, they were told to look at the life span of anything on earth which is born or created and then it dies. They were also informed that this is something which is unanimously accepted by all the people who had received the Divine books.


The Jews.

One of the keys ways in which the Jews had become misguided is that they are openly altered the Taurah both in writing and in meaning. They also hid certain verses from the Taurah and added something which was not there in the first place. They used to also change the laws of the Taurah for their own easiness and convenience. They were also fanatical in their false belief. At the same time, pertaining to the Prophet hood of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him, they were hesitant in believing in this. They were disrespectful, they placed false accusation and they were jealous about it. They had been guilty of these crimes with all the previous revelation, hence their kufr and misguidance was openly displayed and presented in various revelations. At the same time, their refusal to accept the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was also mentioned and the reasons for this was also mentioned.



One of the reasons for them becoming misled and misguided was because they had divided the Almighty into three separate entities. In certain aspects they were different and in certain aspects, they were equal and the same. They believed in the trinity which they claimed was the father, the son and the holy spirit. They believed that the creator had adopted the physical body of Nabi Esa peace be upon. Hence, he was a god and also the son of god.


They were told that in ancient times, the word “ibn” signified someone who was very close and a beloved person. When Nabi Esa peace be upon had attributed a few actions to himself, this was merely as an example and nothing else. It was like the deputy of a king saying that he has conquered a certain country, even though, it is actually the king who had conquered. They were informed that Nabi Esa peace be upon was merely a creation of Allah. Another false belief of theirs is that he was crucified. This doubt was also removed from the Quran. They also believed that the title of “Farcaleet” was actually the title of Nabi Esa peace be upon and that he had arisen from the dead after he had been crucified. The Quran also proved that this title of “saviour” was actually the title and description of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him.



There were two types of munaafiq. The first were those who outwardly recited the Quran but their hearts contained kufr and disbelief. In regards to these people it was told that they will be in the lowest pit of hell. The second group were those people who had accepted Islam but their Imaan was considered as weak. They obeyed and followed the desires of this world. Hence, they had no more love and reverence for the Almighty and His beloved Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. Greed and jealousy had overtaken their hearts and they had been completely captured by the world. With the result, they did not even concern themselves with the hereafter.


They also possessed bad and evil thoughts about the Prophet hood of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and also had many doubts about him. However, they were not so brave as to openly divorce themselves from Islam. The Quran had also explained the two types of munaafiq and their belief and actions. This was done so that the true Muslims could be saved and protected from these people.


At the same time, when we look at these words and descriptions, we should not be under the false impression that these were people who only lived in the past and had all died and disappeared. In fact, these people continue to exist in the world until the present day. The purpose of describing these people is to present a picture to the Muslims so that innocent Muslims could be more protected and saved.


Mention of the signs of Allah.

The Quran was revealed for the purpose of human culture and refinement of this culture. This is the reason that only parts of creation and humanity were explained in the Quran. The Divine Names and Attributes of the Almighty were presented in such a manner that ordinary humans would be able to understand. At the same time, the existence of the Almighty has been explained in depth because every creation has this built into him that there is indeed a Divine Creator. In like manner, since we cannot comprehend fully the Divine Attributes of the Almighty, certain examples were presented in such a manner that ordinary humans can understand.


As for those blessings which were needed to be mentioned, they were mentioned such as the creation of the heavens and earth, the creation of the clouds, the springs which are found on earth, the existence of crops and plants. The need for certain occupation and the manner of removing difficulties etc have also been explained. It was also explained to mankind that their conditions and circumstances will also change.


The days of Allah.

These were explained giving us a different dimension in meaning so that we could understand what is truth and falsehood and what is guidance and misguidance etc. It was mentioned to us that those who are obedient will be rewarded and those who were disobedient will be punished. In like manner, the examples of various nations in the past and what they experienced have also been presented such as the example of the people of Aad and Samud etc. The stories of the Prophets such as what happened to Nabi Ebrahim peace be upon etc have also be presented so that lessons can be learnt.


At the same time, only the key factors in these stories have been mentioned and not the complete story of each incident. The purpose of presenting these stories is so that when mankind looks at these stories and educates himself about these stories and incidents, he will be further educated and have a leaning towards these incidents.

The purpose of mentioning these incidents is not only to inform people of what happened in these incidents but to also inform people of the harm and dangers of shirk, kufr and sinning. At the same time, to give glad tidings to those who are obedient to the Divine Command of the Almighty.


Death and what will happen after death.

In this, the following has been explained. The manner of how a human dies. His helplessness. After death, the issue of jannah and hell. The punishment which will appear in the grave, the signs of qiyamah, the appearance of Nabi Esa peace be upon him, the appearance of Dajjal, the Yajuj and Majuj.


The blowing of the trumpet, the issue of Hashr and Nashr, accountability in the hereafter, the fact that the believers will see the Divine Creator, the different forms of punishment in hell and the different forms of reward which awaits the believers in jannah etc. All of these have been explained with the purpose of human reformation and what their state will be when they are in different conditions. (Al Faouz Al Kabeer).


There is no doubt that the Quran also had a great impact on the languages of the world and the manner of using certain examples and descriptions. In fact, we can say that the Quran also displayed favours to the languages of the world and how certain phrases and descriptions could be utilized.


The impact of the Quran in Ilme Adab or literature and morality.

  1. In surah Fatiha, verse 5, the Quran declares:

“Allow us to travel on the straight path”. “Guide us on the straight path.” In fact, the actual usage of the word ‘straight path’ signifies goodness in most languages in the world.


  1. In Surah Baqarah, verse 7, the Quran declares:

خَتَمَ اللہُ عَلٰی قُلُوْبِہِمْ وَعَلٰی سَمْعِہِمۡ ؕ وَعَلٰۤی اَبْصٰرِہِمْ غِشٰوَۃٌ ۫ وَّلَہُمۡ عَذَابٌ عَظِیۡمٌ٪﴿۷﴾


Allah has sealed their hearts and their ears, and on their eyes is a covering; and for them is a terrible punishment.


In many languages, a seal on the heart signifies someone who is not prepared to listen to the truth. In fact, Mohammed Husain Azad mentions an incident of a Sikh who used to speak glowing words about Islam and the Muslim leaders of that era. He was then asked that if this is his opinion, why does he not accept Islam. He smiled and mentioned that the seal of Allah is on his heart. How is it possible for a person to unlock this seal? It has also been explained as a seal been placed on the heart.


The seal has been mentioned about a seal been placed on the lips of someone whereby he is unable to speak the truth.


The same has been explained about a seal been placed on the eyes of a person whereby he is unable to see the truth.


In Surah Baqarah, verse 18, the Quran declares:

صُمٌّۢ بُکْمٌ عُمْیٌ فَہُمْ لَا یَرْجِعُوۡنَ﴿ۙ۱۸﴾

Deaf, dumb and blind; and they are not to return.

This description has also become a part of different languages when they explain this concept. In other words, a person has become silent and speechless.


In Surah Baqarah, verse 19, it is mentioned:

اَوۡ کَصَیِّبٍ مِّنَ السَّمَآءِ فِیۡہِ ظُلُمٰتٌ وَّ رَعۡدٌ وَّ بَرۡقٌ ۚ یَجۡعَلُوۡنَ اَصٰبِعَہُمۡ فِیۡۤ اٰذَانِہِمۡ مِّنَ الصَّوٰعِقِ حَذَرَالۡمَوۡتِ ؕ وَاللہُ مُحِیۡطٌۢ بِالۡکٰفِرِیۡنَ﴿۱۹﴾


Or like a rainstorm from the sky, in which are darkness, thunder and lightning; they thrust their fingers in their ears due to the thunderclaps, fearing death; and Allah has the disbelievers encompassed.


In Surah Baqarah, verse 138, it is mentioned:

صِبْغَۃَ اللہِۚ وَمَنْ اَحْسَنُ مِنَ اللہِ صِبْغَۃً۫ وَّنَحْنُ لَہٗ عٰبِدُوۡنَ﴿۱۳۸﴾


“We have taken the colour (religion) of Allah; and whose colour (religion) is better than that of Allah? And only Him do we worship.”


In other words, the above implies that one had changed ones state and condition. This has also become a normal manner of describing the state of someone.


In Surah Baqarah, verse 174, it is mentioned:

اِنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ یَکْتُمُوۡنَ مَاۤ اَنۡزَلَ اللہُ مِنَ الْکِتٰبِ وَیَشْتَرُوۡنَ بِہٖ ثَمَنًا قَلِیۡلًاۙ اُولٰٓئِکَ مَا یَاۡکُلُوۡنَ فِیۡ بُطُوۡنِہِمْ اِلَّا النَّارَ وَلَا یُکَلِّمُہُمُ اللہُ یَوْمَ الْقِیٰمَۃِ وَلَا یُزَکِّیۡہِمْۚۖ وَلَہُمْ عَذَابٌ اَلِیۡمٌ﴿۱۷۴﴾


Those who hide the Book sent down by Allah and exchange it for an abject price – they only fill their bellies with fire and Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection nor will He purify them; and for them is a painful punishment.


In other words, the people who continue to oppose Islam, even though they may look like they are eating food but in actuality, they are doing nothing but consuming fire in their bellies. In other words, it also means that they are consuming haram. When a person consumes haraam, we also say that this person is doing nothing but consuming the fire of hell.


In Surah Baqarah, verse 197, the Quran declares:

وَمَا تَفْعَلُوۡا مِنْ خَیۡرٍ یَّعْلَمْہُ اللہُ ؕؔ وَتَزَوَّدُوۡا فَاِنَّ خَیۡرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوٰی۫ وَاتَّقُوۡنِ یٰۤاُولِی الۡاَلْبٰبِ﴿۱۹۷﴾


and whatever good you do, Allah knows it; and take provision along with you for the best provision is piety; and keep fearing Me, O men of understanding!

In other words, when we say that a person has adopted piety and nobleness then we mean that he has adopted the clothing of piety and goodness. This is also the best clothing to adopt if one desires reward in the hereafter.


In Surah Ale Imran, verse 119, the Quran declares:

وَ اِذَا لَقُوۡکُمْ قَالُوۡۤا اٰمَنَّاۚ٭ۖ وَ اِذَا خَلَوْا عَضُّوۡا عَلَیۡکُمُ الۡاَنَامِلَ مِنَ الْغَیۡظِؕ قُلْ مُوۡتُوۡا بِغَیۡظِکُمْؕ اِنَّ اللہَ عَلِیۡمٌۢ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُوۡرِ﴿۱۱۹﴾


when they meet you they say, “We believe”; and when they are alone they chew their fingers at you with rage; say, “Die in your frenzy!” Allah knows well what lies within the hearts.


This is a perfect example of those who privately hate Islam. In fact they may admit glowing words for Islam when they are among people, but when they are alone, they bite their fingers in hatred and rage.


This has also become a method of describing those who show happiness while in the open and hatred when they are alone.


In Surah Taubah, verse 5, the Quran mentions:

فَاِذَا انۡسَلَخَ الۡاَشْہُرُ الْحُرُمُ فَاقْتُلُوا الْمُشْرِکِیۡنَ حَیۡثُ وَجَدۡتُّمُوۡہُمْ وَ خُذُوۡہُمْ وَ احْصُرُوۡہُمْ وَاقْعُدُوۡا لَہُمْ کُلَّ مَرْصَدٍ ۚ فَاِنۡ تَابُوۡا وَ اَقَامُوا الصَّلٰوۃَ وَاٰتَوُا الزَّکٰوۃَ فَخَلُّوۡا سَبِیۡلَہُمْ ؕ اِنَّ اللہَ غَفُوۡرٌ رَّحِیۡمٌ ﴿۵﴾


Then when the sacred months have passed, slay the polytheists wherever you find them, and catch them and make them captive, and wait in ambush for them at every place; then if they repent and keep the prayer established and pay the charity, leave their way free; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.

In the verse, the words mentioned are “Leave their way free”. In other words, when a person asks for a pardon and pleads forgiveness then you should not harm him or trouble him. In other words, leave him free to travel and walk.


In Surah Taubah, verse 6, the Quran declares:

وَ اِنْ اَحَدٌ مِّنَ الْمُشْرِکِیۡنَ اسْتَجَارَکَ فَاَجِرْہُ حَتّٰی یَسْمَعَ کَلٰمَ اللہِ ثُمَّ اَبْلِغْہُ مَاۡمَنَہٗ ؕ ذٰلِکَ بِاَنَّہُمْ قَوْمٌ لَّا یَعْلَمُوۡنَ ٪﴿۶﴾


The hypocrite men and women are all the same; enjoining wrong and forbidding right, and being tight-fisted; they have forgotten Allah, so Allah has forsaken them; indeed the hypocrites – it is they who are really disobedient.

In the world today, when we hope to describe a miser, we describe him as someone who is tight fisted. The person who refuses to spend in the path of Allah is also described as someone who is tight fisted.


Another branch of knowledge of the Quran.

Tafseer is that specific branch of knowledge whose subject matter are the words of the Quran. This is explained within the laws of Arabic grammar. The reason for the revelation of a certain verse. Its state and condition and the manner how this has been concluded. One of the purposes of this faculty is so that a certain law of Islam can be deduced. Obviously, through this, one can achieve success in both worlds. In regard to this faculty, there are a few important points which needs to be remembered.


Tafseer and Taweel.

After explaining what Tafseer is, can we say that Tafseer and Taweel are the same thing or the same subject but two different words are used in this regard? Or is there a difference between the both. If there is a difference, what is the difference. There has been a difference of opinion among the Ulama of the past about this. Abu Ubaid and those who support him are of the opinion that there is no difference between the both.


They say that the Almighty had indicated to the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him that whenever people approach him to ask any questions, answers are time-ously given to him. This has been explained as Tafseer. In like manner, the Quran has also indicated that no one knows the Taweel of the Quran except the Almighty. Therefore, from this we can see that both words have the same meaning.


However, contrary to the opinion of Abu Ubaid, Ibn Habeeb Nishapuri, Imam Raaghib Isfahani, Allamah Qushayri May Allah have mercy upon them and others are of he opinion that these are two different faculties. In fact, Ibn Habeeb also condemns those who do not know that there is a difference between the both. He also admits that such Mufassirs have appeared in the world that when they are questioned about the both faculties and whether there is a difference between the both, they are unable to give an answer.”


What is the difference between the both, this has been explained by different Ulama and scholars. Some have given the opinion that Tafseer is confined to obeying and listening and some have said that Taweel is based on the extraction of laws and rules. Some have said that Taweel reveals the true import and meaning and intent and Tafseer signifies the presentation of testimony.


The necessity of Tafseer and its requirements.

However, what we have presented is merely a side issue. There is no doubt that through this explanation, the importance of Tafseer becomes apparent. In other words, one of the important lessons to learn is that everything which is presented has to be understood and not merely listened to. Hence, it is vitally important that we are able to understand the Quran and the message of the Quran. In fact, no one reads a book and does not try and endeavour to understand its contents. If this is the state of an ordinary book, what must be the state of the Quran? This is that Divine Book which is the guide to a human in his entire life. In this book, salvation and success is to be achieved in both worlds. Also the entire universe and its existence is based on the Quran.


This is the reason that there are many verses in the Quran which advised us to ponder on the message and words of the Quran. At the same time, this cannot be achieved through merely reading and memorizing the words but by trying to understand the meaning of the words and message. Another key factor in being able to do this is by being well educated in the Arabic language and the various grammatical laws applicable in this language.


At the same time, one also has to be fully aware of the reasons for every revelation, the verses which have been abrogated and not abrogated. The Muhkam or clear verses and those which are Muta shaa bah and the various wonders of the Quran. This is that faculty which is known as the “Ulumul Quran”. At the same time, it does not mean that when is well versed in these subjects, it therefore gives a person a blank permission to make tafseer, he also has to be well educated in Hadith and Sunnah and have a deep meaning of these faculties as well. There is no doubt that the teaching and advises which the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him has conveyed to us, is also among the facets which make us understand the Quran more clearly and easily. In fact, the Quran also clearly explains that it is the Divine Favour of the Almighty that He has revealed a Prophet from us who is able to teach the true believers the Book and the Wisdom.


This is mentioned in Surah Ale Imran. One of the responsibilities of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him is also to explain the Quran to mankind which has been revealed upon him. This is mentioned in Surah Naml. Therefore, to be able to merely read the Quran is not sufficient to be able to make the Tafseer of the Quran. If one believes that merely being able to read the Quran qualifies a person from making the Tafseer, then he will certainly male mistakes with every step he takes.


We will now explain a few important aspects in the field of tafseer and also mention a few treatises in this regard which have played a major role in making us understand the Quran better.



This faculty and branch of learning educates us about those events and moments on which a certain specific verse of the Quran was revealed.


There are very few verses of the Quran which were not revealed because of a specific issue or question which arose. These events are considered as “Sabab Nuzul” or the causes of revelation. In fact, some have also termed this is “the background” of a certain revelation. At the same time, there were occasions when a certain verse was revealed because of a question or query which was presented by a Muslim or a non Muslim, even though there is no law attached to this verse. Still it would be considered as “sabab nuzul” or the cause and background for that revelation.


As we have always mentioned, the Quran was revealed for the guidance of mankind. Therefore, the laws and regulations in the Quran is not specific or confined to any time period. Even though these verses may have been revealed because of a certain occasion or incident, yet the rule and message is applicable to all and is to be considered as common. However, at the same time, even though the cause for a certain revelation may be known and its meaning common, one cannot say that there is no importance to knowing why a certain verse was revealed and what was the reason for its revelation or its background. There is still extreme importance in knowing this branch of knowledge of the Quran.


One of the main advantages of knowing this is because not only does the meaning of a certain verse becomes more clear but by knowing this, the actual subject and import of the verse also becomes clearer.


At time, the words may seem to be common in meaning, but its subject is very specific. And this does not become known until and unless one is not aware of the sabab or cause for its revelation.


Another important point is that through knowing the sabab or cause of a certain verse, we also come to know the name of the person or persons because of whom that verse was revealed. We also come to know about the incident through which that verse was revealed. Obviously, all of these aspects of knowledge will merely help us understand the Quranic verse and message even better.


Some of the important books written on this subject.

There are many past and present Ulama who have written magnificent treatises in this regard. These treatises are based solely on the subject of Nuzul Quran or the background of the Quranic verses. Some of these famous treatises are:

  1. As Baab An Nuzul. Ibn Mutarraf Andalusi. Passed away 402 ah.
  2. As Baab An Nuzul. Allamah Waahidi. Passed away 468 ah.
  3. Lubaab Al Uqul fi Asbaab An Nuzul. Imam Jalaaludeen Suyutwi. Passed away 911 ah. (May Allah have mercy upon them).


Naasikh and Mansukh.

When this is mentioned, it means that one command or one object is replaced with another object or command. In lay man terms, this would imply that there was a certain command given by the Almighty and this was then replaced with another command or instruction. The first object or command would be considered as Mansukh and the second command or object would be considered as Naasikh.


Another important thing to be borne in mind is that this is only applicable to command and instruction and not to any event or incident. At the same time, this command and instruction is also something which can be considered as possible and therefore, it cannot included commands and instructions such as believing in the Almighty, refraining from shirk, to be believe that the existence of the Almighty is Waajib and that it is impossible for Him to have any partners. Hence, the issue of Naasikh and Mansukh will not apply to any of these which we have just explained. In other words, to believe in the existence of the One Divine Creator can never be substituted.


At the same time, there are a few conditions which are applicable in this faculty. Without these conditions being met, the idea of naasikh and mansukh cannot apply. The important points to be borne in mind are:

  1. Mansukh is first and Naasikh comes after and there is a small period between them. It cannot be an instance where they follow each other simultaneously.
  2. There is a clear difference in both of them and a common ground cannot be found in any one of them
  3. Naasikh is something which is based on shariah law and not based on ones mere intellect or common sense.

There are times that because people do not understand this science, there is immense confusion which is created. In other words, this becomes like a reactionary action. If one does not understand a certain thing, he immediately substitutes it with another.


In fact, another danger which comes into our mind when we discuss this issue is that perchance the first command or objective was incorrect and therefore another command was sent. Or perchance, the person who gave the first command was unaware and hence gave this command. None of this can be applicable to the Almighty. If one thinks on these lines, he will immediately leave the folds of Islam.


If however, one looks carefully into this issue, no doubts would be created in the mind of a person with common sense. He will never think that the first command was incorrect and because of this, a second command was given. In fact, he will think that the time within which the first command was confined has expired and hence the second command has come into existence. Both of the commands were correct in their time period. It is in fact the ignorance of a person that he acquires the impression that the first command is always applicable and cannot be changed.


And when he sees another command, he goes into a state of shock. Are you under the impression that the Almighty was not aware of this from the beginning? No, He was always aware but the intellect of man does not allow him to consider this. In fact, it was always the Divine Knowledge of the Almighty that a certain command would be for a certain period and then another command would be given. In fact, we can safely say that this faculty is actually a part of Divine Wisdom. Hence, this is also considered as infinite. However, as time moved along, certain commands and instructions changed with the time for the easiness of humans.


We can explain this is a more simple method. Everyone is aware that prior to the shariah of Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him, all other shariah was not considered as complete. In fact, this was to be completed by the arrival of the shariah of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. During the time of Nabi Ebrahim peace be upon the time for salah and the method of salah was further changed and altered with the arrival of the shariah of Nabi Moosa peace be upon him.


In like manner, the zakah which was applicable in the period of Nabi Ebrahim peace be upon him was also changed and altered with the arrival of the shariah of Nabi Moosa peace be upon him. (Bear in mind that salah and zakah was also found in other shariah as well). All other previous shariah also existed prior to Islam and when the shariah of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him arrived, all previous shariah and laws applicable in those shariah become abrogated. In like manner, certain commands and rules which appeared over the plus minus twenty three years of Quranic revelation also went through the same process.


What was applicable for a certain period was changed and another command came in is place. Therefore, as it cannot be said that this command was something which was instantaneous or something which proves a mistake as was performed with the previous shariah through the shariah of Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him in like manner, one cannot say that certain commands which were changed within the period of revelation were mistakes. This is the reason that all of the Ulama have accepted the institution of Naasikh and Mansukh. One example of this is the changing of the Qiblah. For about sixteen to seventeen months, it remained Baitul Muqaddas, but was then changed to the Kaba.


This is the reason that many Ulama changed their mind about the institution of Naasikh and Mansukh when they saw examples of this nature.


Another advantage in this faculty.

As for the question as to what advantages are achieved through knowing the faculty of Naasikh and Mansukh, there are two important points which become apparent. From this, we come to understand the reason behind this wisdom. We come to understand the different ways and manners in which shariah progressed over time. When we understand this, we will also come to understand the manner in which this system can be placed in the world and how we can also be able to establish Islamic law in our respective countries.


At the same time, we will be able to look at new issues which arises all the time and how we will be able to answer these issues taking the modern era into consideration. At the same time, we will also be able to understand which step should be taken to remove certain ills found in our society. We will also be able to understand how to solve certain issues in our time because in the blessed period of early, none of these ills were present.


Another important lesson to be achieved from this is how to establish a system slowly and gradually in the same manner as it was established in early Islam. At the same time, by being able to do this, the subjects under our control will be able to find it easy to be able to follow the rules and regulations which we are able to install for Islam.


The different books and writers on this subject.

There are many eminent Ulama who have written on this subject and some of appear below:

  1. Ibn Waaqid Al Maruzi. Passed away 157 ah.
  2. Imam Shafi. passed away 204 ah.
  3. Abu Ubaid Qasim bin Salaam. Passed away 224 ah.
  4. Abu Jafer An Nuhaas. Passed away 338 ah.
  5. Ibn Hazm. Passed away 456 ah.
  6. Ibn Hilaal An Nahwi. Passed away 560 ah.
  7. Ibn Jouzi. Passed away 597 ah.
  8. Burhaanudeen Al Naaji. Passed away 900 ah. (May Allah have mercy upon them).