Download PDF: Riyaadus Saaliheen – Hadith #27 (Sabr is Always Good for a Muslim)

A deed which would prove beneficial for a Believer

عَنْ أَبِیْ یَحْیٰی عَنْ صُہَیْبِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللہِ صَلَّی اللہُ عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ عَجَبًا لِأَمْرِ الْمُؤْمِنِ إِنَّ أَمْرَہُ کُلَّہُ خَیْرٌ وَلَیْسَ ذَاکَ لِأَحَدٍ إِلَّا لِلْمُؤْمِنِ إِنْ أَصَابَتْہُ سَرَّائُ شَکَرَ فَکَانَ خَیْرًا لَہُ وَإِنْ أَصَابَتْہُ ضَرَّائُ صَبَرَ فَکَانَ خَیْرًا لَہُ۔

(مسلم، کتاب الزھد والرقائق، باب المؤمن امرہ کلہ خیر، ص ۱۵۹۸، حدیث :۲۹۹۹)

Hadrat Sayyiduna Suhaib bin Sinaan Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated that:


“How nice is the deeds of a true believer in that there is goodness in all his actions. And this is only for a true believer. If happiness reaches him, he gives thanks and this is better from him. If any problem or calamity reaches him, he is patient. And this is also good for him.” (Muslim Shareef)


Allama Abdur Raouf Munaawi Alayhir Rahmah explains that, “Every action of a true believer is indeed extremely amazing because there is goodness upon goodness in every deed and action. This is certainly not applicable at all with a hypocrite and disbeliever.


“When a believer is well in health, he gives thanks to Allah azza wa jall and this is better for him because he is recorded among those who are grateful. If there is any problem which reaches him, he displays Sabr and he is then recorded among the people of patience and this category of people are praised in the Qur’an.


“When he is continued to be troubled by these problems, then the Door of Divine Mercy remains open to him and this is also good for him. Therefore, a true believer should obey those things which he has been commanded to do and refrain from those acts which he has been prohibited to perform.” (Abrigded – Faizul Qadeer)


Allama Mulla Ali Qari Alayhir Rahmah further explains that: “All deeds of a true believer are based on good and Barakah. Even though, there may be certain things which he perceives as not good externally, however, in reality, it is based on goodness. If a believer becomes poor and suffers from poverty and he displays patience during this time, this is better for him.”


In the Hadith-e-Qudsi it is explained that, “There are certain slaves of Mine through which their poverty keeps them correct and straight. If I make them rich, they would damage their condition. There are some slaves which their wealth keeps them straight and correct, if I made them poor, they would damage their condition.”


Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas Radi Allahu ‘Anhu declares that, “Allah azza wa jall always decides good for a believer.”


Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad Radi Allahu ‘Anhu explains that it is indeed very strange that when a problem reaches a Muslim, then in the hope of getting reward from Allah azza wa jall he displays patience. When any good reaches him, he shows gratitude to Allah azza wa jall. Without doubt, a believer is rewarded for every action until even the piece of food which he places in his mouth.” (Mirqaatul Mafaatih)


The different types of Sabr according to Qur’an


Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas Radi Allahu ‘Anhuma explains that there are three types of Sabr which have been explained in the Qur’an.


  1. That patience which is displayed in obedience, the reward for this is three hundred stages (or degrees).
  2. That patience which is displayed when one refrains from a Haraam action. The reward for this is six hundred stages (or degrees).
  3. That patience which is displayed at the beginning of some trouble. The reward for this is nine hundred stages (or degrees).


Without doubt, to display Sabr is the state of a Siddique. The Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam used to always make Du’a. “O my Lord! Give us so much of certainty so that we are able to cope with the troubles of this world.” (Ihya ul Uloom)


A person is blessed with the Divine Shadow of Mercy


Allah azza wa jall has declared that, “When I immerse my servant in sickness and he displays patience in this and does not complain to anyone, I will replace his flesh with better flesh and I will change his blood with better blood. Thereafter, when I give him cure, then it is such cure (through which) there is no sin (which appears) in the record of his deeds. And when I raise him from the world, I will (bless) him with My Divine Shadow of Mercy.” (Kanzul Ummaal)


Clothing of Imaan


Nabi Daud Alaihis Salaam once inquired in the Divine Court of Allah azza wa jall, “O Allah! When a person displays patience for Your Divine Pleasure in times of problem and calamity, what is the reward for this with You?” Allah azza wa jall replied, “I will allow him to adorn himself with the clothing of Imaan, (in other words, clothing of respect) and this clothing will be a barrier for him against the (Fire of) Hell and he will be allowed to enter Jannah.” (Shuhubul Imaan)


A most noble manner for salvation in the Hereafter


The Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has declared that, “When I send any test to My slave through his body, his wealth or his children and he welcomes this with beautiful Sabr, then on the Day of Judgement, I would think it improper (or unbecoming of my Divine Being) that I can establish the Mezaan for him or to open his Record of Deeds.” (Kanzul Ummaal)


A Muslims piety is judged by three forms of behaviour!


Nabi Daud Alaihis Salaam once advised Nabi Sulayman Alaihis Salaam that a Muslim’s piety becomes apparent by three things:

  1. Whatever he has not received, he has full trust (that he will receive it) eventually.
  2. What he has, he is happy with it.
  3. Whatever has gone, he is patient with it. (Ihya ul Uloom)


The amazing Sabr of Nabi Ayub Alaihis Salaam


It is reported that when the time came near for Nabi Ayub Alaihis Salaam to be tested, Jibra’eel Ameen Alaihis Salaam appeared to him and informed him that very soon, his Creator will unfold such a test, trial and a calamity upon him that even a mountain would not be able to bear. Nabi Ayub Alaihis Salaam replied that if he displayed sincere connection with Allah azza wa jall, he would certainly have patience.


The reason that he was tested was because the Satan could not mislead him even though the Satan tried many times to do so. Satan then complained to Allah azza wa jall that because Nabi Ayub Alaihis Salaam was blessed with wealth, sustenance and many children, therefore, if Allah azza wa jall takes away all of this, Satan claimed that Nabi Ayub Alaihis Salaam would not be so obedient.


Allah azza wa jall however declared to Satan that Nabi Ayub Alaihis Salaam would still not decrease in his obedience to the Divine Creator azza wa jall. Consequently, his test began. All his children were taking away and yet he continued to perform even more Ibadah. The next day his wealth was destroyed and he declared, “Everything belongs to Him. If He wishes, He can take it away and if He wishes, He can allow a person to keep it”. The next day, while he was performing Fajr Salaah, the Satan blew on him and he became sick. However, he continued to worship Allah azza wa jall.


Points to bear in mind


  1. A Muslim should bear in mind that struggle and good are both means of goodness.
  2. The higher the status of a person, the more test and tribulations come to him.
  3. To continue to make the Zikr of Allah azza wa jall in spite of all of these problems is a Sunnah of the Prophets.
  4. Massive amounts of wealth and richness can also delay one from going to Jannah.
  5. A true servant of Allah azza wa jall is that person who continues to serve and obey Allah azza wa jall.
  6. In times of difficulty, one should remember the reward gained through Sabr. In this manner, one would gain a lot of reward and it would become easy to have Sabr.
  7. A true patient person is that person who feels that he is not in trouble.