Download PDF: Riyaadus Saaliheen – Hadith #26 (To display Patience is Better than Asking or Begging)

To display patience is better than asking or begging!

عَنْ أَبِی سَعِیدٍ سَعْدِ بْنِ مَالَکِ بْنِ سِنَانِ الْخُدْرِیِّ رَضِیَ اللہُ عَنْہُ إِنَّ نَاسًا مِّنَ الْأَنْصَارِ سَأَلُوْا رَسُوْلَ اللہِ صَلَّی اللہُ عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ فَأَعْطَاہُمْ ثُمَّ سَأَلُوْہُ فَأَعْطَاہُمْ حَتّٰی نَفِدَ مَا عِنْدَہُ، فَقَالَ لَھُمْ حِیْنَ اَنْفَقَ کُلَّ شَیْئٍ بِیَدِہٖ ’’مَا یَکُوْنُ عِنْدِیْ مِنْ خَیْرٍ فَلَنْ أَدَّخِرَہُ عَنْکُمْ وَمَنْ یَسْتَعْفِفْ یُعِفَّہُ اللہُ وَمَنْ یَسْتَغْنِ یُغْنِہِ اللہُ وَمَنْ یَتَصَبَّرْ یُصَبِّرْہُ اللہُ وَمَا أُعْطِیَ أَحَدٌ عَطَائً خَیْرًا وَأَوْسَعَ مِنَ الصَّبْر‘‘۔مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَیْہ

(بخاری، کتاب الزکاۃ،  باب الاستعفاف عن المسئلہ، ۱/۴۹۶، حدیث:۱۴۶۹)

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed Khudri Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that once a few people from the Ansaar asked the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam for something. He gave it to them. They then asked the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam again and he also gave them some more until he had nothing left from the goods he had given them. After spending everything he had with his own blessed hands, the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam then declared, “Whatever I have, I will not keep it away from you. However, whosoever wishes to refrain from asking, Allah azza wa jall will save him from this. Whosoever wishes for riches, Allah azza wa jall would make him rich and whosoever wishes for patience, Allah azza wa jall will give him this patience. And there is nothing better and more expansive for a person than Sabr.” (Bukhari Shareef)

 

Allama Mullah Ali Qari Alaihir Rahmah explains among other things that, “A person who is satisfied with a little amount of sustenance and is patient and does not ask people, Allah azza wa jall will bless him with contentment. Contentment is such a reward which will never end.

 

“If a person chooses to be independent in such a way that he displays the behaviour that he has no need for peoples wealth, Allah azza wa jall will bless him with this trait. If a person chooses to be like this and people actually begin to think that perhaps this person is rich or wealthy, Allah azza wa jall will bless him with richness of the heart which is in fact true richness. In fact, a person is not rich because he has abundant of wealth, rather he is considered a real rich person who is rich in his heart.

 

“A person who displays patience in times of stress and calamity will be blessed with the gift of patience. In other words, when he displays independence and refuses to ask people for help and assistance, for him, Allah azza wa jall will make patience easy and simple.” (Mirqaatul Mafaatih)

 

Mufti Ahmed Yaar Khan Naeemi Alaihir Rahmah explains that, “As for those people who are genuinely in need, the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam also displayed generosity with those people and also asked other people to assist those people in need. After giving all of these goods, the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam thereafter explained to them the various dimensions of seeking help. In this context, he was educating them while at the same time displaying his immense generosity.

 

“Another important thing to remember is that there are many items which the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam blessed people with and these items remained with them for many years. We see that once Sayyidah Ayesha Siddique Radi Allahu ‘Anha and Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu were given some barley by the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam which they not only consumed themselves but also fed many other people as well for many years. However, when they finally had it weighed, it was the same amount but it did not remain the same after that and got finished. Hadrat Sayyiduna Talha Radi Allahu ‘Anhu is said to have fed hundreds of people with merely a handful of barley.” (Miraatul Mnaajih)

 

To beg without a valid reason

 

Mufti Ahmed Yaar Khan Naeemi Alaihir Rahmah explains that, “Begging in this instance would mean asking without any valid reason. However, if a father seeks help from his son or a servant seeks help from his master and vice versa and there is no adverse reason, this type of seeking help would not be considered as impermissible. For a King or someone in power to seek the intercession of the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam and seek help from Allah azza wa jall for the reward of the next world would be a source of eminence. The ‘Ulama are unanimous in their opinion that to ask without any valid reason is not permissible at all”. (Miraatul Manaajih)

 

A person who begs without reason will appear without flesh on his face!

 

The Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has declared that, “A person who continues to ask (and beg) people; on the Day of Judgement, he will appear in this condition that his face will appear without any flesh”. (Bukhari Shareef)

 

Explaining this, Mufti Ahmed Yaar Khan Naeemi Alaihir Rahmah explains that, “This signifies that person who is a beggar by trade and someone who continues to beg and ask from people without any valid reason. This person would appear on the Day of Judgement in such a manner that his face would only have skin and bone. There will be no sign of flesh. The people on the Plains of Mehsher will recognize that this person was a beggar by trade. It could also mean that the face of this person would be covered in signs of scorn and disgrace. Even in this world, people instantly recognize a beggar by trade.” (Miraatul Manaajih)

 

A person who begs without reason is actually begging for the Fire (of Hell)!

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has declared that, “A person who begs for the sake of increasing his wealth, he is actually asking for the Fire (of Hell). It is up to him to either increase it or decrease it.” (Mishkaat Shareef)

 

Mufti Ahmed Yaar Khan Naeemi Alaihir Rahmah explains that, “To beg without reason or need, in spite of having money, to ask for more, all this person is doing is accumulating the Fire of hell. The reason is that this type of wealth would become a reason for the person entering Hell. In the present day, those who beg as a trade should take careful heed. This disease is very common among Muslims in the present time. Those people are also at fault who encourage this type of behaviour.” (Miraatul Manaajih)

 

To stop people from begging

 

Mufti Ahmed Yaar Khan Naeemi Alaihir Rahmah further explains that, “During the days of ignorance people going around begging should not think of it as a bad habit. This was also a habit among certain early converts to Islam. However, the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam used to give them something and thereafter used to advise them not to do so in the future.” (Miraatul Manaajih)

 

In the Hadith Shareef the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam describes that he does not “accumulate wealth” clearly proves to us that love for wealth and money is a bad trait. However, sadly, in the present time, it is difficult to find someone not suffering from this disease. For acquiring wealth and money, they use whatever means necessary whether it is Halaal or Haraam. This would enable a person to fall into the pit of Hell in the Hereafter.

 

In Surah Munaafiqun, verse 9, Allah azza wa jall declares that:

 

یٰٓاَیُّہَا الَّذِیْنَ اٰمَنُوْا لَا تُلْہِکُمْ اَمْوَالُکُمْ وَ لَا اَوْلَادُکُمْ عَنْ ذِکْرِ اللہِ وَ مَنْ یَّفْعَلْ ذٰلِکَ  فَاُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الْخٰسِرُوْن

“O believers! Let not your wealth and your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah and whoever does so, they are really in loss”.

 

In Surah Taghaabun, verse 15, Allah azza wa jall declares that:

 

اِنَّمَا اَمْوَالُکُمْ وَاَوْلَادُکُمْ فِتْنَۃٌ ط وَاللہُ عِنْدَہٗ اَجْرٌ عَظِیْمٌ

“O believers! Let not your wealth and your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah and whoever does so, they are really in loss”.

 

A person of immense wealth should ponder this point!

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has declared that, “May the person with immense wealth be destroyed except he who spends on the slaves of Allah azza wa jall in this manner and that manner (in other words, he spends this wealth in good and noble acts) and such people are very few.” (Musnad Imam Ahmed)

 

The three things which accompany a person to the grave site

 

The Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated that, “There are three things which accompany a person:

  1. His family.
  2. His wealth and
  3. His deeds.

 

Thereafter, (after he is buried), two things return and one of them remain behind. His family and wealth return, however, his deeds and actions remain with him.” (Bukhari Shareef)

 

The state of the rich and wealthy on the Pul Siraat!

 

It is mentioned that once Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Darda Radi Allahu ‘Anhu wrote a letter to Hadrat Sayyiduna Salman Farsi Radi Allahu ‘Anhu in which he explained:

 

“Do not gather so much of wealth (and riches) in the world which you will not be able to show thanks for. I heard the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam once declare, ‘On the Day of Judgement, a rich and wealthy person would be brought forward who used to spend this wealth according to the Divine Command of Allah azza wa jall. On the Pul Siraat, when his legs begin to falter, this same wealth will declare to him, ‘Come, come! You have fulfilled the rights of Allah azza wa jall when it came to me’. (In other words, you have used me in the world to attain the Divine Pleasure of the Allah azza wa jall).

 

“Thereafter, another person would be brought forward who did not fulfil the Divine Rights of Allah azza wa jall. His wealth will be (placed) on the middle of his shoulders and this would make him slip and fall on the Pul Siraat. His wealth and riches would also say to him, “May you be damned! Why did you not fulfil the Rights of Allah azza wa jall when it came to your wealth. This person would remain in this position cursing himself.” (Musannaf Abdur Razzaq)

 

A servant of money

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Hasan Basri Radi Allahu ‘Anhu declares that, “By Allah! Whosoever respects money, Allah azza wa jall would disgrace him. It is reported that when money was created, the Shaytaan took a hand full of these Dirhams and Dinaars and placed it on his forehead and then kissed it. He then said, ‘Whosoever loves the both of you, truly, that person is my servant.’” (Ihya ul Uloom)

 

Not all wealth is bad!

 

From these reports, one should not suddenly fall into the trap of thinking that there is nothing good in money or that every type of wealth is a means of doom and damnation. In this context, it would mean that wealth which was ill-gotten or that wealth where the Divine Rights of Allah azza wa jall was not fulfilled or that wealth which made a person oblivious of the remembrance of Allah azza wa jall.

 

As for that wealth which was attained through Halaal means and that wealth through which proper charity was given, proper Zakaah was given and was spent in religious and proper ways, it cannot be considered as evil wealth. The Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam once declared that, “How noble is the wealth of a pious person.” (Shuhubul Imaan)

 

Statement of Hadrat Sayyiduna Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu ‘Anhu on Sabr!

 

Sayyiduna Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu ‘Anhu once declared, “Patience is that steed or riding animal on which one does not have the fear of falling off from.” (Risaalah Qushayriyyah)

 

Statement of Hadrat Sayyiduna Junaid Baghdadi Alaihir Rahmah on Sabr!

 

Sayyiduna Junaid Baghdadi Alaihir Rahmah once declared that, “It is easy for a true believer to depart for the Hereafter. However, for the sake of Allah azza wa jall to leave the creation is difficult. Thereafter, to leave one’s carnal desires and focus on Allah azza wa jall is more difficult and to continue to focus on Allah azza wa jall displaying patience all the time, is even more difficult”. When he was asked about patience, he replied, “It is like drinking a bitter potion (with one gulp) without thinking bad of it. This is Sabr.” (Risaalah Qushayriyyah)

 

He did not flinch even though he was being bitten by a scorpion!

 

It is reported that once someone asked Hadrat Sayyiduna Sirri Saqati Alaihir Rahmah about patience and he began to deliver a discourse on this. During this time, a scorpion continued to bite him, however, he remained silent. Later on, when he was asked as to why he had not removed the scorpion, he replied, “I felt ashamed in front of Allah azza wa jall of removing this scorpion while I was speaking about Sabr.” (Risaalah Qushayriyyah)

 

Points to remember

 

  1. A person should refrain from begging or asking anyone for anything without a proper and valid reason. He should display wisdom and refrain himself.
  2. A person who refrains from asking and begging, Allah azza wa jall saves him from this test. As for a person who continues to ask people, his poverty is increased further.
  3. As for a person who is in dire need, one should make great effort to help this person and also recommend others to help this person.
  4. Instead of advertising your problem in front of people, it is better to make Sabr. Instead of people, a person should have more hope in Allah azza wa jall.
  5. Love of wealth and riches creates hypocrisy in one’s heart.
  6. To hoard wealth is a bad attribute, however if one spends this in the Path of Allah azza wa jall, this wealth becomes a source of happiness.
  7. To continue making an effort to increase one’s wealth by begging, is actually saving the Fire of Hell for oneself.