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  1. Sayyidah Fathima Zahrah – may Allah be pleased with her –

 

Her Name and Title

 

According to one report, it is mentioned that Sayyidah Fathima Zahrah – may Allah be pleased with her – is the youngest of the four daughters of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Her actual name is Fathima and there are nearly one hundred thirty five titles which have been attributed to her. We will explain a few of them.

 

As for the name “Fathima”, it is said that this name was personally kept for her by Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and was mentioned by him also.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates and this is recorded in the As Sawaaiqu Al Muharriqah, that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “I have kept the name of my daughter ‘Fathima’ so that those who respect and revere her will be protected from the Fire of Hell.” (The word ‘Fathima’ is extracted from the root word ‘Fatam’ whose meaning is ‘separation’ which also proves that even while she was in this world, she was separate from this world).

 

Another title is “Butul.” This also has a similar meaning and also implies “distinction.” In other words, in eminence and purity, she is distinct from other females in this world. According to Allama Taajudeen Subki – may Allah be pleased with him – another reason why she is even more eminent than Sayyidah Maryam is because she is a part of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. This will be seen in future statements.

 

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – also once informed her, “O Fathima! Are you not pleased that you are the leader of the females in Jannah.”

 

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has also stated, “He who has angered Fathima, has angered me and Fathima is the most beloved to me.” Hadrat Sayyidah Ayesha – may Allah be pleased with her – also narrates that, ‘Among the females, the most beloved to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was Fathima and among the males, the most beloved was her husband ‘Ali.’” (Mishkaat Shareef, Al Isti’aab)

 

“Zahrah” is also one of her famous titles. This implies “a blossom of Jannah.” Another reason for this title is that Imam Hasan and Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – were born after Asr and because she is free of Haiz and Nifaas, she continued to perform her Asr and Maghrib Salaah and not one of her Salaah became Qada.

 

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has also stated that, “My daughter (Fathima) is a maiden from Jannah who never suffers from haiz.” (Nisaa’i Shareef)

 

It is also mentioned that when Sayyidah Fathima Zahrah – may Allah be pleased with her – was in the blessed womb of her mother, for nine months, her mother could smell the fragrance of Jannah. When she was born, this fragrance disappeared and continued to appear from Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –. This also proves that she was a blossom of Jannah.

 

It is mentioned that even when Sayyidah Fathima Zahrah – may Allah be pleased with her – was young, her behaviour was completely different from other inividuals. When little children played among themselves, she used to sit with her blessed mother, Sayyidah Khatijah – may Allah be pleased with her –. Another reason for her distinction among the other children of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is that when she was born, the Ka’ba was being reconstructed by the Quraish, the announcement of Prophethood was already made, and at that time the Holy Qur’an was been revealed.

 

Another distinguishing factor of Sayyidah Fathima’s – may Allah be pleased with her – greatness can be gleamed from the following incident. When Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – reached the heavens, the Angels stood up in respect for him. When he appeared in Masjidul Aqsa on the night Me’raj, all the previous Prophets stood up in respect for him. Yet, such is Sayyidah Fathima’s – may Allah be pleased with her – greatness that Sayyidah Ayesha – may Allah be pleased with him – admits that whenever she appeared in the presence of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, he always stood up in respect for her. He used to also kiss her and made her sit on the same spot where he had just sat. When he used to visit her, she used to behave in exactly the same manner with the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. (Tirmidhi Shareef, Al Mustadrak)

 

It is also mentioned that one day when Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – revealed his wish to marry the daughter of Abu Jahl, then the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stood on the Mimbar and publicly announced, “By Allah Almighty! The daughter of the Prophet and the daughter of the enemy of Allah Almighty cannot live in the same house.” Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – immediately refrained from this action.

 

One day, there was a slight disagreement between Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – and Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –. This was then resolved by the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and he returned happily. When the blessed Ashaab asked the reason for his immense joy, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – replied, “Today, I have managed to make peace between two individuals who are the most beloved to me in the entire world.”

 

It is also reported that whenever the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – left on any expedition or journey, the last person he met before leaving was Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – and the first person he met on his return was also his beloved daughter so that the separation did not seem lengthy.

 

It is said that even when Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – was married, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to visit her twice a day. One day, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – mentioned that their house was at a little distance and it would be nice if they lived nearer. They mentioned that they did not have the means of purchasing a house nearer to him. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – mentioned that the house of a certain Sahabi was also empty and that they should ask him, but they stated that they felt embarrassed in doing so. However, when this blessed companion came to hear about this, he handed this house of his to them without asking for anything.

 

What can we say about the greatness of Sayyidah Bibi Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –! This was also the name of the blessed sister of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – through whom he also accepted Islam. The daughter of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is that person who will save the Ummah.

 

One of Sayyidah Bibi Fathima’s – may Allah be pleased with her – unique qualities is that she used to spend the entire night in Ibadah. Sometimes, she was Ruku, sometimes in Sajdah and sometimes she used to stand the entire night in Ibadah. When the night used to end, Sayyidah Bibi Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – used to make Du’a to Allah Almighty to increase the night. Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – mentions that he used to hear his blessed mother making Du’a the entire night. However, she never ever made Du’a for herself. The entire night, she used to make Du’a so that the Ummah of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is pardoned on the Day of Judgement. One day, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – asked her this question and she replied, “O my son! Our right comes later, first we have to fulfil the rights of the Ummah.” (Madarijun Nubuwah)

 

A famous statement

 

There is no doubt that every person loves his children and considers each child a coolness for their eyes. This is especially true for a daughter when it comes to a father. It is said that every daughter is a mercy for their father and imagine the state of Sayyidah Faatima – may Allah be pleased with her – who is the daughter of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –! In other words, he is the mercy for the entire universe and his blessed daughter is a mercy for him.

 

It is mentioned that once there was an old Jewish person who was from the tribe of the Bani Sulaim. He approached the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – for some help. One of the blessed companions handed him his camel. Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – handed him his turban. When they inquired inside the blessed house of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – they were told that there was nothing to be found in this blessed house. Finally, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – asked Hadrat Sayyiduna Salman Farsi – may Allah be pleased with him – to take this person to the house of his blessed daughter. The old man also accompanied the blessed companion.

 

When Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with him – heard his story, she immediately handed this person her scarf and said, “We do not have any food because we ourselves have not eaten for a few days. This scarf can be sold or placed as a guarantee, and through this you can buy some food.” The old Jewish person was shocked at her behaviour and generosity.  He then mentioned to Hadrat Sayyiduna Salman Farsi – may Allah be pleased with him –, “I have read about this behaviour even in the Taurah. O Salman! Become a witness that after looking at the behaviour of Fathima, I have brought Imaan on her father.” This person then bought some food and also sent whatever was remaining to Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her -. She refused to accept anything and said, “Whatever we give in the Path of Allah Almighty, we do not take it back.”

 

It is also mentioned that Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – had two kameez. One was new and the other was old. When a person came to ask for help, she handed this person the new kameez and kept the old one for herself. Her action was also according to the Holy Qur’an, because the Holy Qur’an clearly states that, ‘No one can achieve reward except if they give that which they love in the Path of Allah Almighty.

 

Pardah of today

 

Today, we find that our Muslim mothers and sisters take great pride in taking their scarves and shawls and throwing it out of the windows. In this manner, a great harm is caused to them. Yet, we advice that if you continue to appear in public without a proper scarf and proper covering, you would only spread a germ that would have far reaching consequences. Even scientists have admitted that the skin of males are stronger than that of females. This proves that if females wants to maintain their beauty, they should cover themselves and if they do not, all they are doing is damaging their bodies. If our Muslim sisters and mothers can adopt the behaviour of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –, then they would have no need for fancy make-up or plastic surgery. If the Muslim female is looking for true beauty, this can only achieved by following the example of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –.

 

In Tafseer Ruhul Bayan, it is mentioned that when the time came close for the passing of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –, Malakul Maut did not feel at ease to take away her soul. It is said that Allah Almighty Himself took away her soul.

 

What more can we say about the real Pardah displayed by this great lady. It is mentioned that on the Day of Judgement when everyone will be worried about themselves and their troubles and when people will even be drowning in their own perspiration, on that day, someone will declare, “O people of Mehsher! Lower your gaze, bow your heads and keep them lowered until the moment the daughter of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – does not cross the Pulsiraat.” At this time, she will be accompanied by seventy thousand maidens of Jannah and she will pass the Pulsiraat like a bolt of lightning. (Recorded from Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali and Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Ayub Ansari – may Allah be pleased with them –).

 

It is mentioned that once in the blessed court of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – a discussion arose on how a male can protect himself from the evil vision of a female and how a female can protect herself from the evil vision of a male. Everyone present gave their own opinions. Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – was also present in this gathering. When he returned home, he mentioned this to Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –. He also asked her for her opinion. She replied, “A male should lower his gaze and a female should also lower her gaze”. When Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – mentioned this answer to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – he declared, “Why should an answer like this not come from her, after all, she is a part of me.”

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Thereafter, the same type of command appeared in the Holy Qur’an as well. This is mentioned in Surah Nur.

 

It is also to be noted that since the voice of a female is naturally soft and also sweet, there is no doubt that in most instances, it does have a certain effect on the mind of the listener. This is the reason Allah Almighty had made in clear that when a female speaks to a stranger, she needs to adopt a stern voice so that the person does not become a victim of any wrong impression. This is clearly mentioned in Surah Al Ahzab.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that once he went to fetch one of the blessed children of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – and she displayed her hands from behind a Pardah. Yet, it must be remembered that this eminent companion was someone who was very close to the blessed family and lived with them like a member of the family, yet she displayed complete Pardah in front of him. Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – gave the lesson that to display and reveal oneself in front of a stranger is nothing but a cause of fitnah.

 

Muslim females should be be aware that this is the cause of respect for a Muslim and that they should also try to emulate the example of this great lady.

 

Why are Muslim women of today victims of inferior complex?

 

We find that Muslim women of today suffer from such inferior complexes that they do anything to follow the manner and the fashion of the West. Whether this is permissible or not does not seem to interest them. They seem to forget that nearly four thousand years earlier it was a woman who began the act of walking between the Safa and Marwa. The word “Zam Zam” also is a word uttered by a woman. This water is also something which became a blessed item because of the actions of a woman.

 

It was a woman who was addressed as being chosen above other females. It was because of women that most verses in Surah Nisa were revealed so that she is not robbed of her rightful inheritance. It is also mentioned that it was a female who first brought Imaan on the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has also clearly stated that if a person dies protecting the respect of a female, he will arise as a Martyr on the Day of Judgement. It was the call of a female that made Muhammad bin Qasim enter the Indo-Pak subcontinent and made this area become known as Baabul Islam. Yet, in spite of this immense stature which has been given to females by Islam, they seem to look elsewhere for their inspiration.

 

If our females want to look for inspiration, look at the example of Sayyidah Ayesha – may Allah be pleased with her – and Sayyidah Khatijah – may Allah be pleased with her – to whom the Divine Greeting appeared. Look at Sayyiduna Aaminah – may Allah be pleased with her – who carried Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. The example of Sayyidah Maryam – may Allah be pleased with him – who carried Nabi ‘Isa ‘Alayhis Salaam. In fact, one day in the market place in Madina Shareef, there was female Muslim Bedouin who was insulted by the Jews. In retaliation, one of the Jews was killed and they were also severely reprimanded by the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.

 

We ask the Muslim women of today, which religion has given such prominence to females except Islam?

 

A few Ahadith in regard to the eminence of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –

 

Prior to this, the statement of Sayyidah Ayesha – may Allah be pleased with him – has already passed which mentions the respect and love which used to be displayed by the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – for his beloved daughter.

 

At one time, explaining the reason for this distinction, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – informed Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –, “During the Me’raj, while I was travelling in the heavens, I entered Jannah. I then stood at a certain tree. I have never seen such beautiful white leaves on a tree before. The fruits of this tree were also full of fragrance. I then ate one of these fruits and it became a sperm within me. When I arrived on earth and slept with my blessed wife, Sayyidah Khatijah – may Allah be pleased with her –, from this union Fathima was born. Thereafter, whenever I wish to smell the fragrance of Jannah, I smell Fathima. Fathima is also not like other females and does not have the same illness as other females.” (Majma’uz Zawaaid from Tabarani Shareef)

 

It is mentioned that among the females, the one who displayed the most likeness in behaviour to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –. We have already read the story of how she wept before Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – passed away and also smiled a few minutes later. When asked later on, she revealed that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had informed her that he was leaving the world and that she would be the first from the Ahle Bayt who would come to meet him. This report appears in the Bukhari Shareef.

 

The marriage of the blessed lady

 

After reaching Madina Shareef, the hardship of the Muslims and the tyranny of the disbelievers against them began to decrease a little. In this environment, in the second year of Hijrah, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – performed the marriage of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – to Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –. There were others also who had approached the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – for the hand of this blessed lady, but according to one narration reported by Hadrat Sayyiduna ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him –, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is reported to have stated that, “Allah Almighty has already commanded me to marry Fathima to ‘Ali”. (Majma’uz Zawaahid from Tabarani; Imam ibn Hajr has also mentioned that the narrator of this Hadith Shareef is extremely authentic)

 

When it was time for her to marry, many families from the Muhaajir and Ansaar also sent their proposals, however Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – mentioned that he was waiting for Divine Permission on who she should marry. Certain eminent Ashaab also sent proposals, but the same answer was given to them.

 

One day, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar and Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad bin Ma’az – may Allah be pleased with them – were speaking and the same topic arose. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – mentioned, “Everyone has sent proposals to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and on every occasion, he has mentioned that this is within the Divine Decree of Allah Almighty on who she should marry. However, Ali has never ever sent a proposal and has never ever mentioned this subject. Perhaps the reason that he has not mentioned this is because of his very poor condition. I am under the impression that perchance, this is the reason that this issue has been delayed.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – then turned to his other two companions and said, “What do you two have to say about this? Shall we not approach Hadrat Ali and ask him to propose to the beloved daughter of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –? And if he complains that he is very poor, then we will also help and assist him.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, “O Abu Bakr! Allah Almighty has certainly blessed you in this regard.”

 

They then went in search of Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – but could not find him in the Masjid. Finally, they were told that Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – was in the orchard of a certain Ansaar and that he was helping to fetch water and had also hired his help. They then decided to approach him.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – then spoke and said, “O Ali! There is no doubt that the elite among the Quraish have asked for the hand of the beloved daughter of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – in marriage, but he has rejected all of these proposals by saying this was something which Allah Almighty would decide upon. We also see that you have noble habits and behaviour and you are also among the relatives of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Perhaps, this issue has been delayed because of you.”

 

The narrator mentions that the eyes of Hadrat Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – filled with tears and he remarked, “O Abu Bakr! You have encouraged me do something which I had restrained myself from doing and also something which I was oblivious of. There is no doubt that I am extremely happy to marry the daughter of the beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, however poverty has stopped me from going further.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, “O Ali! Do not say something like this, with Allah Almighty and Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – whatever is in the universe, is like a mere speck of dust.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – then mounted his camel and returned to his home. After tying his camel he put on his shoes and went to the house of Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her –. As he stood at the door, she asked who it was. Before she could reply, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – said, “Stand up and open the door. This is that person who is loved by Allah Almighty and His Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.”

 

Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her – asked, “May my parents be sacrificed for you, who is it?”

 

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – replied, “This is my beloved brother and someone whom I love very much among creation.”

 

Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her – narrates that she ran to the door in such a hurry that her shawl also became stuck and when she opened the door, she saw that it was Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –. She said, “However, as long as I did not cover my face, he did not enter.”

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – then entered the room and after greeting Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – asked him the purpose of his visit. He also sat very humbly on the floor as if he was embarrassed to ask something. Again Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – asked him, “O Ali! If there is any need, please inform me, your needs will certainly be fulfilled.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, “O Prophet of Allah! May my parents be sacrificed for you. You are fully aware that you had taken me from your uncle and aunt, Sayyidah Fathima binte Asad and had taken care of me. At that time, I was still very young. You had also taken care of me even more than my parents and had treated me even more kindly. Through you also, Allah Almighty has blessed me with guidance and with Islam and had protected me from Shirk which my parents had become immersed in. (Bear in mind that his mother, Hadrat Sayyidah Fathima binte Asad – may Allah be pleased with her – later on accepted Islam). There is no doubt that you are my saviour in both worlds. At the same time, I am also desirous that I have a wife and children who are my support and with this intention, I have approached Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – to ask him whether he would allow his daughter Fathima to marry me.”

 

In the Heavens, the Angels also came as a Baraat (wedding party)

 

Hadrat Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her – narrates that when these words were mentioned, the blessed face of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – lit up with happiness and joy. He then looked closely at Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and then smilingly asked, “O Ali! Do you have anything which you are able to give as Mehr for this marriage to Fathima?”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, “I swear by Allah Almighty that you are not unaware of my condition. You are also aware that I have a single piece of armour, a sword and for the purpose of bringing water, I have only one single camel and nothing else.”

 

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – declared, “With your sword, you will take part in Jihad on the Path of Allah Almighty. Therefore, you cannot stay without this. As for the camel, you bring water to your family and during any journey, you also use it to carry your goods. However, in place of the piece of armour which you have, I am prepared to give my daughter to you in marriage. I am also well pleased with you. O Ali! Be happy with the fact that even before this occurring on earth, Allah Almighty has already arranged your marriage to Fathima in the Heavens. And before you approached me, certain Angels approached me whom I have never seen before and they also congratulated me on the pure family which will begin from this connection. I then asked this Angel as to what it was saying and it declared, ‘O Prophet of Allah! My name is Sabtaa’eel and I am stationed in a certain part of the Arsh. I had also requested Allah Almighty to deliver this good news to you and behind me, Jibra’eel Ameen is also approaching you who is also bringing the good news from Allah Almighty and very soon, he will arrive here as well.’

 

Before this Angel could finish, Hadrat Jibra’eel Ameen appeared and made Salaam to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. He then handed Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – a piece of white silk on which was written some words. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – asked him what was written on this piece of white silk and he replied, “O Prophet of Allah! Allah Almighty has blessed this world with His special glance of Divine Favour. He has also chosen you as a Prophet to the entire universe. He has also chosen your Habeeb to be your son-in-law and to be the husband of Fathima.”

 

I then asked, “O Jibra’eel, who is this Habeeb of mine?” He replied, “It is Ali, who is also your religious brother. ‘ Allah Almighty has also ordered that all the dwellers of Jannah and all of Jannah be beautified. The Tree of Tubah has been beautified with jewels. He has also instructed that the Angels gather on the fourth Heaven near the Baitul Ma’mur and the keeper of Jannah, Ridwan, has also been instructed to place a Mimbar at this spot. This is also Mimbar on which Nabi Adam ‘Alayhis Salaam stood and repeated the name of all things to the Angels.

 

At that moment, Allah Almighty had commanded the Angel named Raahil to praise Allah Almighty and due to this, the entire Heavens have gone into spiritual ecstasy. Hadrat Jibra’eel Ameen then continued, “Allah Almighty has also commanded me that He has given His special slave, Ali, the beloved daughter of His beloved Prophet in marriage and that I should seal this marriage. I then performed this marriage. The Angels were also witness to this and their witnessing is also recorded on this piece of silk. Allah Almighty has also commanded me to hand this to you and this has been sealed with a stamp of kasturi and also given to Ridwan, the Keeper of Jannah. When Allah Almighty asked the Angels to be a witness to this marriage, He also ordered the tree of Tubah to scatter its jewels. When this happened, all of this was taken by the Hurs and the Angels. The Hurs will continue to give each other this as a present until the Day of Judgement. I have also been instructed to inform you that you give your daughter in marriage to Ali and also to give glad tidings to Fathima on the birth of two sons who are pure and possess the best of qualities and attributes. They will also be blessed in both worlds.”

 

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then mentioned to Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –, “O Ali! Before the Angels could even fully rise to the Heavens, you had knocked on the door. Therefore, I am now fulfilling the Divine Command of Allah Almighty and please go to the Masjid, I will also be there very soon. I will perform your Nikah in front of everyone and will also praise you in a manner that will cool your eyes.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – continues, “When I left the blessed house of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, I left so quickly and in a such a hurry with extreme joy that I could not hold back this joy. I also met Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr and Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar on the way and they asked me the reason for this. I explained that I had been accepted as the husband of Bibi Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – and that my marriage had also taken place in the Heavens. I also explained that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is also coming after me to the Masjid and he will also announce this to everyone. They were extremely pleased when they heard this and all of us entered the Masjid. When Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – entered the Masjid, his blessed face was also full of joy and happiness.”

 

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then mentioned to Hadrat Sayyiduna Bilal – may Allah be pleased with him –, “O Bilal! Call the Muhaajir and Ansaar.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Bilal – may Allah be pleased with him – did as he was told.

 

“I was also sitting next to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and when everyone had entered the Masjid, he went on to the Mimbar Shareef. After praising Allah Almighty, he declared, ‘O Muslims! Jibra’eel Ameen has just approached me and informed me that Allah Almighty has commanded the marriage of my daughter Fathima to Ali at the Baitul Ma’mur. In this instance, all the Angels were also witness to this. I have also been commanded to perform their marriage in this world as well. Therefore, I am making all of you as witness that I have performed the marriage of my daughter Fathima to Ali.’ Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then came down from the Mimbar Shareef and also instructed me to read the Khutbah.

 

“After reading the Khutbah, I mentioned to everyone, ‘This marriage has been performed with the Divine Instruction of Allah Almighty and He has also given Permission that the daughter of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – be given to me in marriage. My Mehr is also my armour and Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has also accepted this. Therefore, I request that all of you become a witness to this.’

 

Everyone then declared, ‘Allah Almighty give you in Barakah in this union and may He also grace you with unity.’

 

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then retired to his blessed wives and also instructed the females servants to play the daff.

 

The Mehr

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – continues, “I then took my armour and went to the bazaar to sell it. I then met Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman Ghani – may Allah be pleased with him – and sold it to him for four hundred Dirhams. However, when he took hold of the armour and I took hold of the dirhams, he mentioned to me, ‘O Ali! Is it not possible that perchance I am entitled for more armour and you are entitled for more dirhams?’ I replied, ‘why not’. He then replied, ‘If that is the case, this armour is also a gift from my side.’”

 

I then approached Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – with these Dirhams and also the armour once again and informed him about the immense generosity of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman Ghani – may Allah be pleased with him –. He then made a special Du’a for Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman – may Allah be pleased with him –.

 

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then called Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – and gave him a handful of Dirhams and informed him, ‘With these dirhams, buy a few possessions for Fathima.’ Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – then took Hadrat Sayyiduna Bilal and Hadrat Sayyiduna Salman Farsi with him to the market place.’”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – gave him 63 dirhams and he purchased a mattress, a leather eating cloth, a pillow which was filled with date strands, a small water bottle made from leather, a bowl and a piece of soft cloth which could be used as a covering or a partition.

 

We then took these goods to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. When Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – saw these things, his blessed eyes filled with tears and raising his head towards the sky, he declared.

 

“O Allah! Please bestow Barakah on those people whose mere symbols also fear You.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – continued, “Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then handed the balance of these Dirhams to Sayyidah Umme Salmah and mentioned to her, ‘Keep these dirhams with you.’

 

Thereafter, for one complete month, due to extreme embarrassment and humility, I did not approach Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – directly. Whenever, he used to meet me on the road, he used to ask, “O Ali! I have performed your marriage to such a person who is a leader of the females in the universe.’”

 

It is mentioned that this marriage occurred either in the month of Muharram or Rajab. According to ibn Abdul Barr, the age of Hadrat ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – was twenty one and the age of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – was fifteen.

 

Her departure

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – continues, “After a month had passed, my brother Aqeel approached me and said, ‘O my brother! Until today, I have never been so happy since I heard that you had been betrothed to the blessed daughter of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and if you bring her to your house, then we would be even more pleased.’

 

I replied that this is exactly what I also wished for, however, I feel great embarrassment (in asking this directly) to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. He said to me, ‘I swear that you should come with me.’

 

On the road, we also met the female servant of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, namely Sayyidah Umme Ayman – may Allah be pleased with her –. We also mentioned our wish in front of her and she replied, ‘Please wait a while. As females, we will speak to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – because in cases like this, the words of the females have more effect.’

 

She then went back to Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her – and also mentioned these words to all the other blessed females of the household as well. All the blessed females then got together and entered the blessed room of Sayyidah Ayesha – may Allah be pleased with her –. We also sat around Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and mentioned to him, “O Prophet of Allah! We have presented ourselves on an important issue and if only today, Sayyidah Khatijah – may Allah be pleased with him – was present, her eyes would be cooled.” (Ar Roudur Faa’iq)

 

Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her – narrates that when the blessed name of Sayyidah Khatijah – may Allah be pleased with her – was mentioned, the eyes of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – filled with tears and he declared, ‘There is no one similar to Sayyidah Khatijah – may Allah be pleased with her –. She supported me at that time when everyone around me tried to belie me. She also supported me with her wealth and her possessions.’

 

Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her – then remarked, “O Prophet of Allah! Ali wishes his wife to be released and be allowed to enter his house.”

 

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then instructed that Sayyidah Umme Ayman – may Allah be pleased with her – be sent outside to call Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –. When Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – entered the room, he bowed his head in respect and did not utter a word. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then asked him, “Do you wish to live with your wife?” He replied, “Yes, O Prophet of Allah, and may my parents be sacrificed for you.” Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – replied, “This will certainly happen tonight.” Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – then left the blessed room in extreme happiness.

 

The Waleema

 

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then instructed his blessed daughter to prepare herself and from the Dirhams which he had kept with Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her –, he handed ten Dirhams to Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and informed him, “Purchase some dates, some ghee and some cheese.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that he purchased these items and presented it to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then asked for a cloth and this was then presented. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then mixed these items on the cloth until it became like a sweet dish. He then instructed Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – to call whoever he wished.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – then went to the Masjid and called all the companions who were present. He continues, “I then informed Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – that there were many people present. He then blocked the cloth with a piece of cloth and then declared, “Allow ten people at a time.” I then did I was commanded. The blessed companions continued to eat, however, the sweet dish remained the same and through his Barakah, nearly seven hundred people partook of this sweet dish.”

 

In the Hadith Shareef, it is mentioned that on the occasion of the blessed marriage, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – ordered Hadrat Sayyiduna Bilal – may Allah be pleased with him – to slaughter a goat and to prepare some food. He was also ordered to feed all the Ansaar and the Muhaajireen. Everyone had a share of this food and still there was food left over. This was then taken to all the Mothers of the Faithful. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – also joined them while they eating.

 

Thereafter, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – called his blessed daughter forward as well as Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and made them sit on his side. He then embraced both of them and kissed them on their foreheads.

 

When all the females had departed and only Sayyidah Asma binte Umais – may Allah be pleased with her – remained, she was instructed to bring a bowl of water. When this was done, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – sprinkled a hand full of water over the chest and head of both Hadrat ‘Ali and his wife – may Allah be pleased with them – and then made Du’a after embracing his daughter, “O Allah Almighty! Fathima is from me and I am from her. O Allah Almighty! As You have removed all impurities from me and have purified me, in like manner, purify the both of them as well.” (Majma’uz Zawaahid)

 

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – mentioned to Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –, “O Ali! I have indeed given you a most special person as a bride.”

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then walked with them to the house of Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and as he left, he held the door and made Du’a, “O Allah Almighty! Please bestow unity among them.” He also mentioned that he had left them in the Divine Care of Allah Almighty and in His Divine Protection.

 

It is also mentioned that for three days, the blessed couple did not consummate their marriage but remained in Ibadah the entire night! During the day, they also spent in fasting.

 

Finally, Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates, “Remembering the advice of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, I never became angry with Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – until she was called to Allah Almighty. She also never became angry with me and whenever she saw me, she always made an effort to remove my concerns.” (Ar Roudur Faa’iq)

 

Her dowry

 

There was no limit to the dowry of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –. It is mentioned that once a Munafiq approached Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and mentioned to him that if he had married his daughter, he would have given him so much of dowry that through this, he would have been able to purchase so many camels which would be difficult to count. When Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – heard this, he angrily replied, “This was a marriage which was Divinely commanded and is the most valuable than the dowry. At the same time, I have no interest in wordily items.” Suddenly, he heard someone say to him, “O ‘Ali look towards the heavens”. As he did so, he saw the entire heavens were filled with camels and on each one of them were many gifts. Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – then said to this person, “O Munafiq! Allah Almighty has displayed the dowry of Fathima to me which no one has been able to see in the heaven or on earth or will be able to see.” However, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – did give them some items to start their new family.

 

When we look at the simple things which were given to his blessed daughter and when we look at the immense curse which people in the modern world have placed on the act of dowry, it makes one wonder. Today, this same dowry has become a means for many women actually committing suicide. Some parents have spent their entire life collecting for a dowry and have even left this world without fulfilling it. Some Muslim women have remained in their homes and have become old in the process because their parents could not afford the dowry. This evil has been created by some of the rich and influential and it is sad to see that even some of the poorer people have become victims of this. Yet, we must remember that the life of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is a perfect example for us to emulate. Is there any female in the world today who is greater than the beloved daughter of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –? When she was given such simple items as a dowry, why do we spend our entire life trying to amass wealth to purchase items for a dowry?

 

If the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had wanted he could have placed the wealth of the entire world in front of his blessed daughter as a dowry. After all, he was given the keys to the riches of this world, but he did not do that. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – knew that he was a Prophet to the entire universe and this included both the poor and the rich. Hence, he displayed an example which other Muslims could follow. Sad to say that in the modern world, this dowry has become nothing but a curse for some parents. Some parents have become so immersed in debt because they had to purchase expensive gifts for the dowry. They eventually spend their entire life paying off this debt. If people are looking for peace and a proper example, they should inform the family of the groom party that they are following the example of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and that as Muslims, the bride’s family should also do the same. Only in this way can there be peace and the complete removal of all types of oppressive behaviour.

 

As Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – disliked the wealth of this world, in like manner, he also taught this to his blessed family and blessed Ummah.

 

Imam Asqalani – may Allah be pleased with him – has also recorded from Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas – may Allah be pleased with him – about the request made by Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – for a servant. Instead of giving her a servant, he taught her a special Dhikr which later became known as “Tasbeeh-e-Fathima.” In other words, before sleeping, a person should recite “Subhanallah” 33 times, “Alhadulillah” 33 times and “Allahu Akbar” 34 four times. (Zarqani Shareef)

 

On another occasion, she is said to have approached Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – for a shawl as bedding because they only had one piece of animal skin. This was something they slept on and also something on which they placed food on while feeding their camel. However, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – mentioned to her, “O my beloved daughter! Have patience, Nabi Moosa ‘Alayhis Salaam spent ten years with this wife and besides a small piece of cloth as bedding, they owned nothing else.” (Zarqani Shareef)

 

In other words, he was teaching his blessed household that they should also adopt simplicity and that they should refrain from the riches of this world.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imran bin Husain – may Allah be pleased with him -, who was one of the servants of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, narrates that once the blessed daughter of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – approached him and her blessed face was pale because of hunger. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then placed his blessed hands on her chest and made a special Du’a. This blessed companion narrates that when he met Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – after this and inquired about her state, she mentioned that from that day she never felt hunger!

 

Again, in all of these incidents, we can clearly see that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is giving advice to this blessed household to stay away from the riches and the deceit of this world. Many people who have not accepted this advice can see the destruction of this on a daily basis. Because of wealth and property, fathers have turned against sons, sons have turned against brothers, and uncles have turned against each other. However, this evil has never been displayed by the blessed household of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. The reason is that from the very outset, as we see in the life of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –, all attachment to the world and its wonders were removed from their hearts. If Muslims wish to live a life of contentment and happiness in this world, they would also have to follow these blessed individuals. Only in this manner, can one eliminate the continuous strife that one sees in modern day families.

 

We make Du’a that we are sacrificed a thousand times for the mere dust which emanated from the blessed sandal of this lady – may Allah be pleased with her –. She remained in hunger and made Du’a so that the Ummah of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – could have food and also be blessed with Shafaa’at. We make Du’a that through her blessing, our sins can be pardoned. We, who eat three times a day, continue to transgress against the Divine Laws of Allah Almighty. Even in hunger, this blessed lady continued to please her Creator Almighty and even when our stomachs are full, we continue to disobey the Allah Almighty.

 

She endured immense difficulty

 

Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – saw many trials and tribulations in her life time, but she never allowed herself to complain. There were many days when she went hungry and thirsty, but she displayed immense patience. Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that, “Once, after a day of hunger, we had a little food to eat. My father and Imam Husain had already eaten, but my blessed mother had not yet eaten. Suddenly, someone knocked on the door and mentioned that they had remained hungry for two days. She then instructed me to take the food and give it to the stranger. She also stated, ‘We are hungry for only one day and he is hungry for two days, therefore he has a greater right than us (for this food).’” (Seerat-e-Fathima)

 

Also bear in mind that Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – had already been informed about the Martyrdom of her beloved son, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –, and she was also shown the sand of Karbala. However, she remained patient. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, instead of complaining, made Du’a that on that day, his beloved grandson remains firm and steadfast. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – mentions, “We, the Ahle Bayt, were already aware that Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – will be martyred.” (Mustadrak)

 

In spite of this, Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – never once complained about this or revealed any sadness. She never once made Du’a that her son be saved against this immense test which was to befall him. Like the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – she continued to make Du’a that Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – remains steadfast in the face of this great trial.

 

When the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – passed away, Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – had to endure immense sadness. In fact, when one looks at the immense trails of these blessed people, it makes one hairs stand on end. Bear in mind that at this moment, Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – was the only living child of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. She had no brother or sister to comfort her at this time. She had mentioned, “Such trial and test came to me that if it fell upon a day, it would turn to night.” (Madaarijun Nubuwah)

 

Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – was not crying about an issue like Fidak, she was crying as a daughter and yet, no one heard her audibly crying.

 

Sustenance from the Unseen

 

It is recorded that once Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – came to see his beloved daughter and she was in extreme hunger. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then made Du’a, “O Allah Almighty! Please bestow sustenance upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as you had bestowed sustenance upon Maryam binte Imran”. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then said to her, “My beloved daughter! Go inside and whatever is there, bring it and come.” When she entered the room, she saw a tray full of jewels and food and there was also roasted meat on this tray. There was also a sweet fragrance coming from this tray. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then instructed that they all eat and all of them sat together and ate this food in the Divine Name of the Allah Almighty. (Al Hayaat Al Haqqi)

 

Her continuous recital of the Holy Qur’an

 

It is reported that even when Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – was preparing food, she used to continue reciting the Holy Qur’an. It is said that when the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to go for the Fajr Salaah, he used to pass her house. He used to also hear the grinding wheel and also hear her voice (reading the Holy Qur’an). He used to then make Du’a to Allah Almighty to reward his beloved daughter for this humility and contentment. (Al Hayaat)

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that he used to see his beloved mother day and night in Ibadah and making Du’a for the Ummah and for her beloved father. (Al Mustadrak)

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Salman Farsi narrates that, “Once, I had to convey a certain message of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – to her. When I arrived there, the blessed children were sleeping and she was fanning them. At the same time, she was reading the Holy Qur’an. When I saw this, I went into spiritual ecstasy.” (Seerat-e-Fathima)

 

Her passing

 

It is mentioned that Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – remained in this sad state for nearly six months after the passing of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. On the day of her passing, she performed her own Ghusal, wore a new set of clothing and performed her Salaah. She passed away in the 11th of Hijrah on a Tuesday.

 

It is reported by Hadrat Sayyiduna ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – that before she could pass away, she was extremely concerned about the manner in which her body would be carried in public. Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – mentioned this to the wife of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him –, namely Sayyidah Asma binte Umais – may Allah be pleased with her –. However, when she was shown the manner in which her body would be carried, she was very pleased and it is also recorded that this was the first time that anyone saw her smile since the passing of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Her Ghusal was performed by the wife of Hadrat Muhammad bin Hanafiyah – may Allah be pleased with her –, Umme Jafer – may Allah be pleased with her – and Sayyidah Asma binte Umais – may Allah be pleased with her –.

 

One can imagine the immense sadness which overtook Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali and his children – may Allah be pleased with them – on this occasion.

 

Her children

 

It is reported that she gave birth to Imam Hasan, Imam Husain, Umme Kulsum and Zainab – may Allah be pleased with them –. However, there is also a report that she had another two children as well whose names were Mohsin and Ruqayyah who passed away while they were young.

 

Sayyidah Umme Kulsum – may Allah be pleased with her – was married to Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – and she gave birth to two children, Zaid and Ruqayyah. After the passing of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him –, she was married to Hadrat Aun bin Jafer Tayyar – may Allah be pleased with him –. This is also mentioned in the Sahih Bukhari. It is also mentioned that Zaid bin ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – was martyred the same day as his blessed mother also passed away. He was killed while trying to mediate in an issue between the Banu Adi.

 

Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – was married to Hadrat Abdullah bin Jafer Tayyar – may Allah be pleased with him – and she was the blessed lady who remained with her brother during the entire time in Karbala. Even while the blessed Ahle Bayt were imprisoned, she displayed immense patience and continued to support those who remained alive and she also presented her own children who were martyred in Karbala fighting for the truth. (Al Hayaat wal Jawaahir)

 

The Janaza Salaah of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –

 

As we have said, Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – passed away on a Tuesday in the 11th year of Hijrah, six months after the passing of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. This is the most accepted opinion. She was buried in Jannatul Baqi at night.

 

In one report it is mentioned that her Janaza Salaah was performed by Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and another report mentions that it was performed by Hadrat Sayyiduna Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him –.

 

Some say that in the morning eminent companions complained to Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – on why they were not informed about the Janazah. He said that it was the wish of his wife that it be a private burial.

 

Another report also reveals that the person who performed the Janaza Salaah was actually Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – and he was also joined by Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdur Rahman bin Auf, Hadrat Sayyiduna Zubair bin Al Awwam – may Allah be pleased with them –. In fact, it is reported that it was Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – who had actually requested Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – to read the Janaza Salaah. He declared that this was not possible when her husband was present, but nevertheless, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – mentioned that he had given him permission to lead the Janaza Salaah which he did by reading four Takbeers. (Madaarijun Nubuwah, Tabqaat Ibn Sa’ad, Tarteeb Ash Sharaa’e)

 

At the same time, it does not make sense that with some eminent companions present, they would not join the Janaza Salaah of the daughter of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. This report that none of them were present is a rumour which has been created by the people of Hell, namely the Shia. They have done this to merely reveal their hatred for the blessed Ashaab.

 

It is unanimously agreed that she was buried in Jannatul Baqi as were Imam Zainul Aabideen and Hadrat Sayyiduna Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them –. It is also mentioned that they are buried next to each other.

 

  1. Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan

 – may Allah be pleased with him –

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan’s – may Allah be pleased with him – name is Hasan and his title is “Abu Muhammad.” Some his appellations are “Taqi”, “Zaki”, “Mujtabah”, “Shabeeyuhul Mustafa”, etc. He is also included among the rightly-guided Khulafa. If one adds the six months in which he was in power, it would complete the thirty years of the Khulafa Raashideen period as foretold by the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. In other words one can say that he was the last of the Khulafa Raashideen. (Ash’atul Lam’aat, Nurul Absaar, Taarikh A’immah)

 

Birth

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – was born on the 1st of Ramadan in the 3rd year of Hijrah. Some have mentioned the 2nd year of Hijrah and some have mentioned the 4th year of Hijirah. However, everyone is unanimous about the date of his birth.

 

When Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – was born, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – arrived at the residence of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – and asked Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali as to what name they had kept for the little child. However, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, “What right do I have to keep a name for this child while you are present? Only you have the right to keep a name for this child.” Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – remained silent for a few minutes. Thereafter, Jibra’eel Ameen ‘Alayhis Salaam arrived and said, “O Prophet of Allah! Allah Almighty has conveyed His greeting you and has also sent a message that the child should be named Hasan.” Then only did Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – keep the name of his grandson Hasan. (Tabqaat-e-Ibn Sa’ad)

 

This name implies “something which is extremely beautiful”. There is not doubt that this child was to possess both inner and outer beauty as well. (Nurul Absaar)

 

Another report

 

When Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – was born, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – arrived at the residence of his daughter and asked, “O Asma binte Umais, please bring my son.” The little baby was then presented to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – who wrapped in a red shawl. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then recited the Adhan in the right ear and the Iqamah in the left ear. On the seventh day, his Aqeeqah was performed. His hair was also shaved and weighed and the same amount in silver was given charity.

 

It is also mentioned that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – placed his blessed saliva in the mouth of the young child and made Du’a that he and his off spring be protected against the Satan and the evil whisperings of the Satan. Imam Hasan’s – may Allah be pleased with him – circumcision was also performed on the seventh day. All of this was done by Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – himself.

 

When we look at his blessed life, we will see that he was blessed with the company of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – for nearly six years and four months. Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – was blessed with the company of his mother for nearly seven years and was blessed with the company of his father for nearly thirty seven years. One can imagine the immense spiritual benefit he must have been blessed with in such august company. (Sawaaneh Karbala)

 

His appearance was like his blessed grandfather

 

In the Sahih Bukhari it is recorded from Uqbah bin Haarith that, “Once Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – left the Masjid after Asr Salaah in the company of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –. He then noticed Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – in the company of other children. He then picked up the little child and said, ‘May my father be sacrificed for this little child who a replica of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and he is not a replica of ‘Ali.’ When Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – heard heard this, he smiled.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that, “No one resembled the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – as much as Imam Hasan.” (Bukhari Shareef)

 

In the Mustadrak by Imam Haakim, a report is recorded by Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – who narrates that, “I once saw Imam Hasan in the lap of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – who was passing his fingers through the beard of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had placed his blessed tongue in the mouth of Imam Hasan and was making Du’a to Allah Almighty mentioning his love for this young child.”

 

In the Tabqaat by bin Ibn Sa’ad, the incident of Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – sitting on the back of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is mentioned. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Zubair – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that, “Without doubt, I have indeed seen that when the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was in Sajdah, then Imam Hasan used to climb on his shoulders and until he did not move away himself, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – remained in Sajdah. And I have indeed seen that when the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was in Ruku, Imam Hasan used to step in between his feet and he continued to be in Ruku until (Imam Hasan) moved away.”

 

The incident of climbing on the blessed shoulders of the Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is also mentioned by Hadrat ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – as recorded in the Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim Shareef. “Once Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was carrying his grandson, Imam Hasan, on his shoulders when someone remarked, ‘O young man! How eminent is the one you ride upon.’ Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then replied, ‘How eminent is the rider also.’” (Mishkaat Shareef)

In the Sahih Muslim, the report of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Huraryah – may Allah be pleased with him – is also mentioned where Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – made Du’a for his grandson in these words, ‘O Allah Almighty! I love him, please also love him and love those who love him.”

 

His Ibadah and recital of the Holy Qur’an

 

It is mentioned that when Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – used to make Wudu, his blessed body used to tremble and his face used to change colour. When people asked the reason for this, he replied, “In Whose Divine Court I am about to stand in, it is His Divine Right that we tremble and our faces become discoloured.” (Ihya ul Ullom)

 

The same used to happen when he used to read the Holy Qur’an. Imam Jafer Saadiq – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that, “This state reached its perfection while he was in Salaah. And among those who made Ibadah, he was in a most supreme category.”

 

Whenever he heard the words, “O you who believe” mentioned in the Holy Qur’an he used to declare “Labbaik” and when he used to hear about Hell and events after death, he used to weep in excess.

 

The one who will bring peace

 

In the Sahih Bukhari a report is mentioned that, “I saw the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – on the Mimbar and on his side was Imam Hasan. Sometimes he looked at the people and sometimes he looked at Imam Hasan and then stated, ‘O People! Without doubt this son of mine is a Sayed. Through him Allah Almighty will bring peace to two large groups of Muslims.’”

 

His immense kindness and charity

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – never allowed anyone to leave empty-handed. Even before they could ask him, whatever he had he used to give that person so that a person does not become embarrassed by asking. (Tabqaat Kubra)

 

One day Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – heard someone make Du’a, “O Allah Almighty! My creditors are really pressurizing me, please bestow upon me ten thousand Dirhams.” When Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – heard this, he immediately handed the person ten thousand Dirhams. (Ibn Asaakir)

 

One day a person approached Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – and complained to him about his poverty and destitution. Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – then called his khadims and asked them to give this person fifty thousand Ashrafis. (Tabqaat Kubra) Imam Abul Haamid Imam Muhammad Ghazzali – may Allah be pleased with him -, in the Ihya ul Uloom, explains that the above person could not manage to carry this wealth. He then went and called some helpers. When these two helpers arrived, Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – also paid these people as well. His servants informed him that there was now no more Ashrafis left, Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, “We will receive reward from the Divine Court and we will receive even more”. (Taarikh Al Khulafah, Ihya ul Uloom)

Once someone asked Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him –, “Hadrat, you never allow someone to go empty-handed even though you yourself are in need.” He replied, “I am a Faqeer in the Divine Court of Allah Almighty and when this is the case, how can I allow someone to leave empty-handed. My Lord always bestows His Divine Bounty upon me and I have become used to this.” (Ibn Asaakir)

 

Fifty Hajj bare feet

 

In spite of having animals to travel, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – performed fifty Hajj bare feet. He used to say that he was embarrassed to travel to the Divine Court of Allah Almighty while riding on an animal.

 

Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – explains that while walking, his blessed feet used to become swollen. When they saw him walking other travellers, out of respect, used to jump off their animals, but he used to tell them, “Please continue on your animals. There are also weak people among you. I have become used to the habit of walking for Hajj.” (Usdul Ghaabah, Sawaaneh Karbala)

 

Such was his eminence that it is mentioned that when Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – passed away or when he was martyred, the tyrant Marwan also joined the procession of carrying his Janaza. At the same time, this tyrant was also weeping quite profusely. When people asked him the reason for this, he replied, “I used to oppress this person, yet he remained firm as a mountain.”

 

His amazing answer to someone who was killed

 

Once a person was arrested and brought into the court of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –. He was arrested in some barren area. At the time when he was arrested, he was also carrying a knife which had blood on it. In fact, he was standing next to a person who was stabbed. This person then admitted to his crime in front of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –. Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – then asked this person why he had admitted to killing this person. He replied that the environment in which he found himself in there was no benefit to him trying to prove his innocence.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – was then asked him what had happened. He replied, “I am a butcher-man. I has just slaughtered an animal where the murder took place. While I was slicing the meat, I had the urge to urinate. I then went to a private place to urinate and that is when I saw this corpse. People also began to say that I was the murderer. When I saw this, I realized that there was no use to prove my innocence in front of these people because they would never believe me. That is why I felt the best option would be for me to admit to my guilt.”

 

There was another person also in the court and he also admitted that he was the actual murderer. He mentioned, “I am a Bedouin. I am also very poor and I had killed this person because I needed the money. However, after I had killed this person, I heard someone coming and it was this same butcher-man. I then hid in one corner. Suddenly, the law arrived on the scene and arrested this innocent butcher- man. However, now that I can see that a person is going to be sentenced wrongfully when I am actually the guilty party, I have decided to come forward and admit to my crime.”

 

When Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – heard the entire story, he turned to Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – and asked him his opinion. Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, “O Ameerul Mo’mineen! If this person has killed one person, still he has saved another person and Allah Almighty has stated that he who has saved a single life, it is as if he has saved the whole of mankind.” Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – was very pleased and happy with this opinion and decided to pardon both parties and Diyat or payment for the death of this person was paid to the family by the Baitul Maal. (At Tareeq Al Hikmiyah)

 

The marriages of Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him –

 

It is mentioned that Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – married nearly seventy or a hundred times in his life. The reason for this was that women used to force him to marry them so that they could create some type of connection with the blessed family of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. After marriage with him for two or three days, many of them were then given Talaaq because he felt sorry for them. At the same time, such was the fortune of these females that when he divorced them, he gave them so much of wealth which was sufficient to take care of them for the rest of their lives. At times, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – used to give two wives Talaaq and give them ten thousand Dirhams each and many barrels of honey as gifts. Many of the women left after giving him Du’a. As for those who refused to accept Talaaq, he used to withdraw this. Once he married a female and gave her a hundred female slaves as her Mehr and each female slave had a hundred thousand Dirhams.

 

Once, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – mentioned publicly in Kufa, “O people! Do not give your daughters to him because he gives Talaaq in abundance.” However, a person from the Bani Hamdaan stood up and said, “By Allah! We will continue to give our daughters to him and it is his choice whether he wishes to keep them or divorce them.” In other words, these people considered it an honour, (rightfully so) of giving their daughters in marriage to him.

 

His Wives

 

Some of the names of his wives are: Ja’dah binte Ash’as, Saqeefah, Ummatul Hasan, Ramalah, Umme Walad, Umme Basheer, binte Abu Mas’ud bin Utbah, Kholah binte Manzur bin Riyaan, bin Amar bin Jaabir, Fathima binte Abu Mas’ud, Umme Ishaq binte Talha bin Ubaidullah.

 

His Children

 

There are reports that he had twelve sons and five daughters.

 

The names of his sons were: Hadrat Zaid, Hadrat Hasan Muthanna, Hadrat Hamza, Hadrat Yaqub, Hadrat Husain Al Asram, Hadrat Abdullah, Hadrat Talha, Hadrat Abdur Rahman, Hadrat Ismail, and Hadrat Abu Bakr, Hadrat ‘Umar and. Hadrat Qasim – may Allah be pleased with them –.

 

Of the sons mentioned above, four of them, namely, Hadrat Abu Bakr, Hadrat ‘Umar, Hadrat Abdullah and Hadrat Qaasim were martyred in Karbala.

 

The names of his daughters were: Sayyidah Fathima, Saayidah Umme Salmah, Sayyidah Umme Abdullah, Sayyidah Ummul Husain Ramalah, Sayyidah Ummul Hasan – may Allah be pleased with them –. (Tadkirah Al Hummam, Sawaaneh Karbala, Taarikh Al A’immah)

 

His Demise

 

Ibn Sa’ad narrates that Imran bin Abdullah bin Talha – may Allah be pleased with him – reports that Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – once saw a dream in which he saw Surah Ahad written on his forehead. When his family heard about this dream, all of them were very happy.

 

However, when this was mentioned to Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’eed bin Al Musayyib – may Allah be pleased with him – he replied, “If indeed this dream has been seen, then it is a frightening dream.”

 

It is mentioned that just before Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – could pass away, he became extremely agitated. Obviously, his family were also crying. He then called his sister, Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her -, close to him and said to her, “Please make Du’a that I leave this world in a state of Imaan. My parents are also waiting for me. Allah Almighty protect you and since you are the senior among all, you should look after the entire family and do not allow anyone to be hurt.” When his sister heard his words, she began to cry even more, but still, she continued to remain firm.

 

When Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – heard these words, also embraced his brother and said to him, “Why should you be worried, very soon you will be meeting the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. You will be meeting our parents, Hadrat Khatijah and all the other members our family such as Hadrat Qasim, Hadrat Tahir, Hadrat Hamza and Hadrat Jafer.”

 

When Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – heard the words of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –, he replied, “My dear brother, I am about to enter a state which I have never experienced before and right now, I am able to see such creation in front of me which I have never seen before. At the same time, O Husain, I can see a time in your future when no one will be with you except Allah Almighty. You must remember the advice of our grandfather, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, and our father, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him -, and do not allow yourself to become impatient and very soon, you will also join me.” (Usdul Ghabah, Tahzeeb Al Kamal, Tadkirah Al Hummam, Sawaaneh Karbala)

 

This dream proved true because a few days later, Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – was poisoned by his enemies and the poison was so dangerous that it began to severely destroy his internal organs.

 

Very close to his passing, his beloved brother, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him -, approached him and said to him, “O my brother, who is that person who has done this to you?” Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, “Do you wish to kill the person?” Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – replied that he will and that was his intention. Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, “If the same person is my murderer whom I suspect, then indeed Allah Almighty is very swift in taking account. And if that person is not the guilty party, then you would be responsible for killing an innocent person.” He also mentioned to his brother that he had been continuously given poison on a daily basis, but on that day much more of this poison was given to him. (Taarik Al Khulafah. Sirrus Shahaadatain, Tahzeeb Al Kamal)

 

Who was the person that poisoned Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him –?

 

In regard to this, Sadrul Afaadil, Hadrat Moulana Na’eemudeen Muradabadi – may Allah be pleased with him – explains in the Sawaaneh Karbala, “Some of the scholars of the Holy Qur’an have said that the person responsible for this was his wife, Ja’dah binte Ash’as bin Qais, and they have also said that she was actually a spy sent by Yazeed to perform this task. They also say that Yazeed had promised her that if she performed this task, he would marry her. In other words, she fell into this trap laid by Yazeed. However, there is no basis for such an accusation. How is it possible to label someone a murderer when there is no solid testimony and evidence? Certain historians have recorded this without any proper references.”

 

At the same time, it also seems extremely illogical. The truth was only known in that time and it becomes impossible to prove this after a long period.

 

This is especially true when it is such an important event. The events above also clearly explain that Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – never revealed the name of anyone. As for the issue of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –, he himself never revealed any specific name.

 

So who are those who give the name of Ja’dah as the actual murderer? There is no testimony until the final days of any of these eminent Ahle Bayt that they mentioned her name. No one also sought revenge against her.

 

Another evil is that the wife of this eminent Imam is being connected to someone else and this is certainly a very evil action. It seems that this accusation that one of wives actually poisoned him is nothing but a made up story of the Khaarijis. We already know that most of the females of that period wanted their daughters to marry Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him –, how could a female married to him be deceived by a tyrant like Yazeed? It seems extremely illogical. Allah Almighty knows the truth of what actually happened.

 

If one reads in a certain manuscript that a person named Qatadah mentioned this that Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – was responsible for this action. There is no basis for this. There is no proper Sanad to this story. When Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – himself did not reveal the name of this person, what knowledge can others have in this regard. Ibn Katheer also negates all of these accusations.

 

The burial of Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him –

 

When the time came came for his passing, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – called Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – and mentioned to him, “When Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – passed away, our father also wanted to be the Head of Government, but Allah Almighty kept him away from this and gave this position to Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him –. When he passed away, he also displayed the same wish, but this was given to ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him –. When he was martyred, again he had the same wish, but this was given to ‘Uthman – may Allah be pleased with him –. After the martyrdom of ‘Uthman Ghani – may Allah be pleased with him –, he was eventually given this position.

 

“However, we can see that this period was full of disagreement and disunity and even battles took place in this regard. I am of the opinion that in our family the status of Nubuwah and Khilafah cannot be together. (In other words, our family has already been blessed with Nubuwah on Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and therefore Khilafah seems to be a position not meant for us). I also have fear that these people in Kufa will call you out of your house and try to mislead you. (This is exactly what happened later on).

 

“I have also requested the blessed Mother of the Believers, Sayyidah Ayesha – may Allah be pleased with her -, to allow me to be buried next to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and when I pass away, you must ask her again. If she accepts, then so be it. However, I do not think that people will allow you to do this. Do not fight with them and bury me instead in Jannatul Baqi. There is no doubt that those people who are buried in this blessed graveyard are the most supreme of creation.”

 

After his brother had passed away, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – approached Sayyidah Ayesha – may Allah be pleased with her – to seek permission and she happily allowed him to be buried next to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. However, when the Governor of Madina Shareef, Marwan, heard about this, he completely refused to allow this to happen.

 

They then had a face to face meeting and there came a moment when both groups supported by Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – and the other group supported by Marwan wanted to withdraw their swords. However, at that moment, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – appeared in between them and said, “What a great tragedy that the beloved grandson of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is being refused this honour.” He also approached Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – and said to him. “Did your brother not inform you that if there is a possibility that there would be an argument or a fight, then he should be buried in Jannatul Baqi?” When Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – heard this, he finally agreed that his brother be buried in this blessed graveyard. The Janaza Salaah was read by Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – and he was buried next to his mother Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –. (Al Isti’aab)

 

The people of Hell, namely the Shias, also accuse Sayyiduna Ayesha – may Allah be pleased with her – that she refused to allow him to be buried next to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. In their ignorance, they fail to read that in most of their books it is mentioned that it was Marwan who actually refused to allow this. Many of the blessed companions who were still alive also did not force this issue and allowed him to be buried in Jannatul Baqi. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – also made it clear to people that they could weep as much as they wanted because that was a day in which the most beloved grandson of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was leaving this world. (Tahzeeb Al Tahzeeb)

 

The chapter on  Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – ends with an incident narrated by Data Ganjh Bakhsh, Hadrat ‘Ali Hajweri – may Allah be pleased with him – from the Kashful Mahjub.

 

He writes that once a Bedouin approached Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – and began to insult him. In fact, he began to insult him to such a degree that he even insulted the forefathers of the great Imam. However, in spite of this, Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – displayed immense patience and steadfastness and merely replied, “O Bedouin! Perhaps you are hungry or thirsty or have some other urgent need.”

 

However, this only made the Bedouin insult him even more. He started to take the names of certain members of the blessed family and also insulted them. Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – listened quietly to all of these words and then instructed one of his servants to bring a small pouch of silver coins from his room. He then placed this in front of the Bedouin and apologised that this was the only monies he had and he was extremely sorry that he could not help him with more. When the Bedouin saw this, he blurted, “I bear witness that you are indeed the blessed grandson of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. I only appeared to test your patience and your forbearance.” (Kashful Mahjub).

 

This proves that praise or insult in front of these blessed people means the same. They do not help someone simply because that person helped them or they do not refuse to help someone simply because that person had insulted them. To them, all is equal. They only perform those actions which they are certain is something which pleases Allah Almighty.

 

The lives of these eminent sons of Islam should be a lesson for the present day Muslims. How many Muslims do not even practise upon these principles? In fact, some of them in their ignorance would actually go out of their way to oppose another Muslin because they heard so and so had made a certain statement. They never took the time to find out whether this is true, but would jump to a conclusion in the blink of an eye. Yet, when we see the life of Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – it was in stark contrast to how modern day Muslims behave. Muslims would go out of their way not to help another Muslim and come up with feeble excuses while Muslims of the past went out of their way to help Muslims.

 

  1. Shaheed-e-Karbala

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain

– may Allah be pleased with him –

 

Name and titles

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain’s – may Allah be pleased with him – name is Husain. His title is “Abu Abdullah” and some of his appellations are, “Sibtatur Rasool”, “Rayhaanatur Rasool”.

 

His Birth

 

Sayidah Ummul Fadl binte Haarith – may Allah be pleased with her -, who is the beloved aunt of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and the wife of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him -, narrates that she mentioned to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – that she had indeed seen a most frightening dream. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – asked her to explain this dream, however, she again mentioned that it was extremely frightening. However, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – said, “Never mind, explain this dream to me.” She then said, “I had seen a piece of your blessed body being cut and placed on my lap.” When the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – heard this, he replied, “O Ummul Fadl, there is nothing to be afraid of. It is indeed a most blessed dream. The meaning of this is that very soon, my daughter Sayyidah Fathima will be blessed with a son by the Divine Command of Allah Almighty and you will take this child in your lap.” (Mishkaat Shareef)

 

Sayyidah Ummul Fadl – may Allah be pleased with her – admits that this is exactly what happened. “When Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was born, he was placed in my lap. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – arrived said, ‘Allow me to see my son. What name has been kept for him?’ Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – replied that his name was ‘Harb’. However, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – replied that his name is ‘Husain’. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – also mentioned, ‘I have kept the same names for them which were the names of the sons of Nabi Harun ‘Alayhis Salaam. In his language, their names were ‘Shabbar’, ‘Shabeer’ and ‘Mubasshir’ and in Arabic it would equate to ‘Hasan’, ‘Husain’ and ‘Mohsin’.”

 

Besides his martyrdom which was a unique event in Islam, his birth is also said to be unique. We all know that when a child is born prematurely, it really doesn’t see the light of day. Most babies who are born even in the seventh month most often die at birth. However, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was born in the sixth month. Even in birth, he proved to be someone who could survive under whatever situation and remain alive. Even after his martyrdom, it is the belief of the Ahle Sunnah that the Martyrs are still alive and this is clearly proven from the Holy Qur’an itself.

 

Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was then wrapped in a piece of white cloth and presented to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then read the Adhan and Iqaamah and placed his blessed tongue in the mouth of the baby. He also made a special Du’a for Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –. On the seventh day, his Aqeeqah was performed.

 

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – also declared, “The name Hasan and Husain are names from Jannah and before them, no one had these names.” (As Sawaaiqu Al Muharrikah)

 

His care

 

When Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was born, at that time, his elder brother Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – had still not yet completed drinking milk. Due to this the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – asked his aunt to breast feed him. This also again proves the Hadith Shareef that a piece of his flesh would fall into her lap.

 

It is reported that Imam Husain’s – may Allah be pleased with him – aunt displayed immense love and dedication for him. She treated him as her own son and sometimes remained awake at night to care for him. She also sacrificed her sleep and rest to care for him as a normal mother would do.

 

Moulana Abdur Rahman Jaami – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates: “Once, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had his own son, Hadrat Ebrahim – may Allah be pleased with him -, on his right thigh and Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – on his left thigh. He was also kissing them and holding them close. Suddenly, Jibra’eel Ameen appeared and said to him, ‘O Prophet of Allah, Allah Almighty will not grant that they be together. Whichever of them you choose, you may keep with you and the other will be returned to Allah Almighty.’ The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – replied, ‘If Husain passes away, then Fathima will be extremely distressed and this would also cause pain to me. If Ebrahim is taken away, even though I will be very sad, but it will be sadness which I will have to bear alone. Therefore, I am prepared to carry this sadness but cannot endure the sadness of Fathima.’”

 

It is mentioned that three days after this incident, the beloved son of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – passed away. Thereafter, whenever Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – used to appear in front of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, he used to kiss him and used to say, “This is that Husain for whom I sacrificed my own son.” (Shawaahidun Nubuwah)

 

Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – is that blessed person whose grandfather is the Leader of the Prophets, whose father is the Leader of Awliyah, whose mother is the Leader of the ladies in Jannah, and whose brother is the Leader of the young people in Jannah.

 

The behaviour of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – towards his grandson

 

It is mentioned that among the children of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – displayed special love for Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –. He used to say, “Husain is from me and I am from Husain. That person is a beloved slave of Allah Almighty who also loves Husain because he is my grandson.” (Tirmidhi Shareef)

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Bara’a bin ‘Aazib – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that, “He used to carry Imam Husain on his shoulders and used to make Du’a, ‘O Allah Almighty, I love Husain, You also love Husain.’”

 

This Hadith Shareef also ridicules those idiots who think that Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – went to Karbala to fight for power. When a person is someone who is sitting on the blessed shoulders of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, what power can anyone else give him? When he is the one that sat on the blessed shoulders of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, what higher seat can anyone else give him?

 

Hadrat Data Gangh Bakhsh – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that on the day of Eid, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – came to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and complained to him that all the other children had small horses to ride on and he did not have a horse. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – did not think it proper to disappoint his beloved grandson. He then fell on his knees and feet and asked his grandson to sit on his blessed back. Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – also mentioned that these horses also had a piece of string around their mouth which the rider could hold and control the horse with. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then placed a piece of red string in his blessed mouth and allowed his grandson to turn him around. Whichever direction the young child turned, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – also turned in that direction. The great Wali, Hadrat Data Saheb – may Allah be pleased with him -, explains that this proves that whatever is the pleasure of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – is also the pleasure of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.

 

Again once, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – climbed on the back of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – while he was in Salaah. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – did not rise from the Sajdah until his grandson did not jump off his blessed back. Through his grandson, the Sajdah of the Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was prolonged. One can say that the Salaah was given to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – when he went for Me’raj while the Me’raj of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was when he went into Sajdah during Karbala.

 

It is mentioned that when Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to walk in the streets of Madina Shareef, he used to carry his beloved grandson on his blessed shoulders. The people in Madina Shareef used to come out of their houses to see this. Imagine the status of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –! His hands are around the forehead of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and his small feet are on the chest of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.

 

Some idiots have the audacity to say what is great about this. After all, most grandfathers carry their grandchildren on their shoulders. However, they are right. It is nothing special for them. After all, some of their grandfathers are walking coughing machines. Some of their grandfathers are people who are walking bags of either cigarette smoke or huqqah smoke. These idiots are correct. There is nothing special in this action when it comes to their grandfathers, but this is no ordinary grandfather. This the beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – whose chest is that blessed chest in which the Holy Holy Qur’an was revealed. This is that blessed chest which is described in Surah Alam Nashrah. When we look at the various reports of the Ahadith, we will see that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to love taking his grandson with him.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates, “I have seen this with my own eyes and heard this with my own ears that once, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – held the hands of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – and the feet of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was on the feet of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then asked his grandson to walk on him and this continued until Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – walked on the chest of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. He then asked his grandson to open his mouth so that his young grandson would drink from his blessed tongue. He then asked Allah Almighty to make Imam Husain His beloved and that he had also made his grandson his beloved as well.” (Al Usaabah. Imam Ibn Hajr Asqalani)

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates, “Once Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was in the Masjid when his young grandson, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – arrived in the Masjid. He then alighted onto the shoulders of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and began to place his fingers through the blessed beard of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – also placed his blessed tongue in the mouth of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – and then made Du’a, ‘O Allah Almighty I love him, You also love him and whoever loves him, please also love them as well.’”

 

We can see that on many occasions, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – placed his blessed tongue in the mouth of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –. Some ‘Ulama say that this is the reason that even though he stayed without water for so many days in Karbala, he never complained about feeling thirsty.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates, “I saw Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – sipping on the blessed tongue of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – as a person will sip on a wet date. This is also the result of the Du’a of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – that those who love Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – have become successful and those who dislike him have only destroyed their Hereafter.”

 

In the book Madaarijun Nubuwah, a story is mentioned about a King of Khorasaan who someone saw in a dream. This King was also walking freely in Jannah. Someone asked him how he had been saved and he replied, “Once, I was thinking about the people of Karbala and I said to myself that if I was only there, I would have certainly helped Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – and the people that were with him. It is only because of this thought of mine, that Allah Almighty pardoned my sins.”

 

Once someone saw the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – kissing his grandson and also smelling the face of his grandson. This person then asked, “O Prophet of Allah! We only kiss our children, but I notice that you kiss this child and also smell him as well.” The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – replied, “This is a flower of Jannah, and a person smells a flower.”

 

In the modern world, when a child in born in our houses, we consider it a great source of blessing if some Mufti, or Peer or some important person from the community comes and gives Adhan and Iqaamah in the ears of this child. But imagine the greatness of Imam Hasan and Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with them – that Adhan and Iqaamah is being read in their ears by the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – himself. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is also reading, “Inni Rasoolullah” (I am the Prophet of Allah).

 

In other words, no child will ever hear an Adhan like this in their life time and no person will ever read Salaah the way Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – read his final Salaah. People make Sajdah in the Masjids, but in Karbala Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – made Sajdah below a sword. He sacrificed his entire family and yet made sure that his final act in this world was for the sake of the Allah Almighty. Can we ever find an example like Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –?

 

The immense mercy of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –

 

It is mentioned that once Hadrat Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – sent a person to visit Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – in Madina Shareef. Obviously, the person had never met Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – before so he was confused who this person was. Hadrat Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – explained to him, “When you enter the Masjid in Madina Shareef, you will find people sitting in a large circle. These people will be sitting with immense respect. When you see this, you will know that this is the gathering in which Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – is to be found.” This clearly proves the respect and reverence people had for the great Imam.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates, “Once, I was sitting in the blessed company of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – when a female slave brought a bouquet of flowers and presented it to him. The great Imam accepted this bouquet. After smelling the flowers, he mentioned to her that from today she was free and that he had freed her in the Path of Allah Almighty. I then asked him, ‘You have freed such a good-mannered female slave merely because of a bouquet of flower?’ He replied, ‘When a present is given to you, you should give that person a better present and the best present for this female slave was her freedom and this is why I freed her in the Path of Allah Almighty.’” (Taufah Ithna Ashariyah)

 

His simplicity and humility

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was extremely simple and humble. He used to dislike pride and arrogance. He never felt embarrassed in sitting with poor people. One day, while Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was walking on the street, he saw a few poor people that were eating in a group. When they saw him, they all ran to him to also join them in eating this food. He immediately joined them and also ate a few morsels of food. He then mentioned to them that, “I was not hungry, but merely to satisfy you people, I sat and ate with you people.”

 

His love for his grandson

 

Once one of the blessed companions invited the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – for some food. While he was walking on the street with his blessed companions, he saw Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – with other children. He then grabbed his young grandson and after kissing him, he continued on his journey. (Musnad Imam Ahmed)

 

He never displayed enmity against anyone

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain’s – may Allah be pleased with him – inner and outer being was an example of purity and cleanliness.

 

Once, there was a slight argument between him and his brother, Muhammad bin Al Hanafiyah – may Allah be pleased with him –. After he had left his brother, some people said to Hadrat Muhammad bin Hanafiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – that Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – will never return to him again. However, he mentioned that he would show them how he will call him back. He then wrote a note to Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – as follows, “O my dear brother! The father of both of us is Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –. Because of this, I am not superior to you and neither are you superior to me. However, your mother is the blessed daughter of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Even if all types of greatness descends upon my mother, she will never be equal to your mother. Therefore, in this regard, you are greater than me. Therefore, I urge you to come in front of me before I do so. The Holy Prophet has also stated that if there is disagreement among two Muslims and whoever is first to make peace, Allah Almighty will allow him to enter Jannah first. It is therefore my wish, that due to your superiority, you are the one that enters Jannah first.” When Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – read this letter, he was greatly affected and returned to his brother and warmly embraced him. (Al Husain)

 

His immense knowledge

 

You can imagine the state of knowledge of that person who receives his education from the city of knowledge and from the door of knowledge. The ‘Ulama are unanimous that Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – had immense knowledge and whenever there was an issue which required an answer, most people approached him

 

Once, Hadrat Abdullah ibn Zubair – may Allah be pleased with him – was confronted with an issue of when a little baby should become entitled for state grant, at what age or state. He also approached Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – to ask him this question. Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, “After being born, when a child starts to make a sound, from that moment, a child becomes entitled for state grant.” (Usdul Ghaabah)

 

His Ibadah

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – spent his entire life in Ibadah and in achieving the Divine Pleasure of Allah Almighty. He used to teach people during the day and spent the night in Ibadah. When people saw him in Salaah, he was constantly weeping. Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – continued to display this dedication even during the moments of Karbala. Like his brother, he also performed nearly twenty five Hajj while walking for Hajj.

 

His wives

 

The wives of Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – are:

 

Sayyidah Sher Banu – may Allah be pleased with her -: She was from the royal family of Persia. During the reign of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – she was brought as a prisoner when Persia was conquered. She was then given to Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – as well as all the jewels and other valuables which came with her. Sayyidah Sher Banu – may Allah be pleased with her – is also the mother of Imam ‘Ali bin Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – who is famously known as Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him –.

 

Sayyidah Laylah – may Allah be pleased with her -: She was from the Saqafi tribe and from her, Imam ‘Ali Akbar – may Allah be pleased with him – was born.

 

Sayyidah Rubaab – may Allah be pleased with her -: She is from the family of the famous Arab poet Umra’ul Qais. Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – used to show immense respect for her.

 

Sayyidah Umme Ishaq – may Allah be pleased with her -: Her father is among the Asha’rah Mubashirah, namely Hadrat Sayyiduna Talha bin Abdullah – may Allah be pleased with him –. From her, his daughter, Sayyidah Fathima Sughra – may Allah be pleased with him -, was born.

 

Sayyidah Qadaa’iyah – may Allah be pleased with her -: She is also from the tribe with the same name. From her, his son, Sayyiduna Jafer – may Allah be pleased with him -, was born.

 

His sons and daughters

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – had four sons and two daughters whose names are: Imam ‘Ali bin Husain famously known as Imam Zainul Aabideen, Imam Abdullah famously known as ‘Ali Asghar, Sayyidah Fathima Sughra Khatun, Imam ‘Ali Akbar, Sayyiduna Jafer and Sayyidah Sakeenah Khatun – may Allah be pleased with them –.

 

A brief history of them will be presented.

 

Hadrat ‘Ali bin Husain, Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him –

 

We already know that his mother was Sayyidah Sher Banu – may Allah be pleased with her –. During the event of Karbala, he was very sick. His mother was also present in Karbala.

 

Hadrat ‘Ali Akbar – may Allah be pleased with him –

 

He was only eighteen years old at the time of Karbala and he was also martyred with his blessed father.

 

Hadrat Abdullah – may Allah be pleased with him – famously known as ‘Ali Asghar.

 

During the incident of Karbala, he was only six months old. He was also martyred in Karbala after one of the cursed soldiers of Yazeed shot an arrow at him. He passed away in the arms of his blessed father. His mother was also present in Karbala.

 

Hadrat Jafer – may Allah be pleased with him –.

 

He was not present in Karbala and had passed away long before this incident.

 

Sayyidah Fathima Sughra – may Allah be pleased with her –

 

When Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was in Madina Shareef she was still young at that time and had married her cousin, Hadrat Sayyiduna Hasan Muthanna – may Allah be pleased with him -, who was the son of Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him –. One of the reasons that Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – did not take her was because she had just married and her husband was also not present in Madina Shareef at the time. It would have been improper to take her with him without the permission of her husband. During the incident at Karbala, she remained with her own family in Madina Shareef. She had three sons whose offsprings still exists until the present day. Their names were Abdullah Al Muhaz, Ebrahim and Hasan Al Musal-lath.

 

Sayyidah Saqeenah binte Al Husain – may Allah be pleased with her –

 

She was present in Karbala with her mother. She was also only seven years old. She was someone that Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – displayed immense love for and the same was displayed for her mother.

 

Note:

 

The names presented are those which are accepted by the majority of scholars. Some have their own opinion, but this is the majority view. The family of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – spread around the world through two children of his. They are Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – and Sayyidah Faatima Sughra – may Allah be pleased with her –.

 

It is also mentioned that the tyrant Yazeed had many sons. Some put the number to twelve but you will never find any of his offspring in the world today. This proves that Allah Almighty completely destroyed his family lineage while the entire world is filled with the off-springs of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – through only two children. (Al Jawaahir, Taarikh Karbala. Hayaat-e-Khafi)

 

Reports without basis

 

There are some reports that Sayyidah Sakeenah – may Allah be pleased with her – passed away on the road to Syria while she was a prisoner. There is no basis of this at all. None of the authentic books give us any proof in this regard. In fact, Sayyidah Sakeenah – may Allah be pleased with her – is said to have lived many years after Karbala. In fact, later in life, she married Hadrat Sayyiduna Mas’ab bin Zubair – may Allah be pleased with him –.

 

Another bogus account is that while she was in Karbala, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – is said to have placed mehndi on her hands to prepare her for her future marriage. Again, this is complete lies. Firstly, everyone knows that when you mix mehndi, you need water. Where was the water available in Karbala? In other words, do you think that Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – would use water to mix mehndi on this occasion when his little son, Imam ‘Ali Asghar Allahu ‘Anhu, was crying of thirst?

 

Another important point is that Sayyidah Sakeenah – may Allah be pleased with her – was only seven years old at that time. Where would the issue of marriage even come in? This was a critical moment in Islamic history. The story of mehndi being placed on her hands are hearsays found in cheap books found in the bazaars where certain writers create such stories just to sell their books.

 

  1. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him –

 

Imam Zainul Aabideen’s – may Allah be pleased with him – full name is ‘Ali bin Husain. His titles are “Abu Muhammad”, “Abul Hasan”, “Abu Bak”r and some of his appellations are “Sajjad”, “Zainul Aabideen,” etc.

 

Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – was born on the 25th of Jamaadi-ul-Awwal in 38 Hijrah. As we have mentioned, his mother’s name was Sher Banu, the daughter of Yazdjar. Before Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – reached the age of three years, his blessed grandfather, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – was martyred a few years later. He also had to endure the martyrdom of his father, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –. Imam Zainul Aabideen’s – may Allah be pleased with him – was very ill during the incident of Karbala and all the sadness of Karbala had to be faced by him alone.

 

It is mentioned that when Yazeed had taken the remaining members of the blessed family as prisoners to Damascus, he asked the advisers of his court about what should be done with these people. Most of them advised that they should be killed. When Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – heard this he told Yazeed that his people were worse than those advisers that lived in the time of Pharaoh because when Pharaoh asked what should be done with Nabi Moosa ‘Alayhis Salaam and Nabi Harun ‘Alayhis Salaam, they advised him that they should be imprisoned. But his advisers are saying that the family of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – should be killed. Therefore, they are even more evil than the people of Pharaoh. When they heard this reply, none of them could give an answer. (Al Hayaat)

 

His immense piety

 

Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – had such great piety that it is mentioned that when he used to stand for Salaah, his complexion used to change. When he made Wudu, the same thing happened. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – used to advise people that he was about to stand in the Divine Court of Allah Almighty, hence this fear and awe. He used to perform nearly a thousand rak’ah everyday till the day he passed away.

 

Imam Shehaab – may Allah be pleased with him – mentions, “I have never seen anyone greater in piety among the people of the Bani Hashim than ‘Ali bin Husain.” The same words were also echoed by Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’eed bin Musayyib – may Allah be pleased with him –.

 

Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – used to be so deep in concentration in Salaah that one day while reading Salaah in his house, his house caught on fire. Everybody ran around to extinguish the fire, but he continued to read his Salaah. People began to scream, “Ya ibnur Rusool, Ya Ibnur Rusool”, but he took no notice. He continued to be in Sajdah. When he made the Salaam, he asked people about the smoke around him. He was then informed about what happened. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – then declared to everyone that he was busy extinguishing the Fire of Hell, hence he was unaware of the fire of this world. (Al Hayaat Al Khafi)

 

His knowledge and eminence

 

Most historians mention that Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – was one the most renowned in Ibadah and knowledge. It is said that he used to read so much of Wazifa at night that even an entire group would find it difficult to complete. (Al Hayaat)

 

His contentment

 

In the Nurul Absaar a story is mentioned that once, while he was leaving the Masjid, a person approached him and started to insult him. Imam Zainul Aabideen’s – may Allah be pleased with him – khadims wanted to attack this person but he stopped them. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – then told the person that perhaps he was unaware of who he was and while in this state, he handed the person his personal Jubba and five thousand Dirhams. When the person saw this behaviour, he bore testimony that this was indeed the son of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.

 

Imam Zuhri’s testimony

 

Imam Zuhri – may Allah be pleased with him – explains, “I once saw Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – when Abdul Malik bin Marwan had him imprisoned. His feet were tied. On his hands, were chains and around his neck, there was also a chain. He was also put in a special tent set up as a prison and this was surrounded by guards. When I saw his state, I began to weep. I said to myself, how nice it would be if I was in his place instead and he be spared this ignominy. He then looked at me and said, ‘O Zuhri! Are you under the impression that these chains are able to restrict me? If I wish, I can immediately remove them. However, I insist on remaining like that so that you will always remember the Divine Punishment of Allah Almighty and also because the experience on the day of Mehsher becomes easier.’ (In other words, he insisted on remaining like this so that others would learn a lesson about what they would have to face in the Hereafter). He then threw away the chains from around his hands and feet and said to me, ‘O Zuhri! I will not travel with these people for more than two stations.’ When the guards looked for him, they could not find him.”

 

Imam Zuhri – may Allah be pleased with him – continues, “I was called in the court of Abdul Malik bin Marwan and questioned about the great Imam. I revealed whatever knowledge he had. Abdul Malik bin Marwan then continues, ‘When my guards found that he was missing, he suddenly appeared in front of me and asked, ‘What is the disagreement between me and you?’ I then asked him to wait a while but he said that he would not do so and he walked out of the tent. By Allah Almighty! I felt extreme panic and fear when I looked at him.’”

 

How did he get the title of “Zainul Aabideen”?

 

It is mentioned that one night, while Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – was in Salaah, the Satan appeared in the form of a large snake. His intention was to mislead the great Imam and also make him break his Salaah. The snake continued to wrap around him but still he paid no attention. It also bit him on his hand which was extremely painful. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – refused to break his Salaah. Allah Almighty then revealed that this was Satan himself. He then insulted the Satan until the Satan moved away and after this, he heard someone say to him on three occasions, “You are indeed Zainul Aabideen”.

 

In the Shawaahidun Nubuwah, it is mentioned that Hadrat Khidir ‘Alayhis Salaam used to regularly visit him.

 

Some of his miracles

 

Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – understood the conversation of the birds when they made their own sounds. Once someone was trying to slaughter a bird and it began to make a loud noise. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – then mentioned that this bird was reciting the Divine Praise of Allah Almighty and it is mentioning that today, it did not seek any sustenance.

 

One night, someone heard a voice asking, “Where is that person who refrains from the world and turns towards the Hereafter?” From the direction of Jannatul Baqi, another voice was heard, “It is indeed ‘Ali bin Husain.” (Shawaahid)

 

One day, Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – was out with his family and friends. They were preparing to eat when suddenly a gazelle appeared in front of them. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – then turned towards this animal and said, “I am ‘Ali bin Husain bin ‘Ali bin Abi Talib and my mother is Fathima, the blessed daughter of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Come towards me and join us.” The gazelle then came near him and also started to eat. It then moved away on to one side. One of companions then requested him to call this animal again. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, “If I give this animal protection, please do not break my promise to it.”

 

Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – again mentioned the same words and called it towards him. The gazelle again came forward and stood next to him. It also began to eat with them. However, one of them suddenly placed his hand over this gazelle and it ran away. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – was furious about this and refused to speak to this person after that.

 

Once, they were sitting on a plain when a gazelle approached him. It began to hit the ground with its feet and also began to make a loud noise. The people asked, “O Ibnur Rusool! What is this animal trying to say?” He replied, “It is saying to me that a certain person from the Quraish yesterday captured its young and she had not fed her young since yesterday.”

 

Some of the people were surprised at these words and were even more shocked when Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – asked them to call a certain person from the Quraish. When this person came to him, Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – revealed to him what the gazelle had informed him. He then asked this person to return the young gazelle so that its mother could feed it. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – also stated that the mother had assured him that after feeding its young, she would return the young to him. This person then brought back the young. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – then asked this person to free both of them which he did and she returned again making a loud noise. When the people asked about this noise, he mentioned that she was giving thanks to Allah Almighty for this favour.

 

On the night Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – passed away, he asked his son, Imam Muhammad Baqir – may Allah be pleased with him – to bring some water so that he could make fresh Wudu. When his son brought water, Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – again asked him to bring more water. When they saw inside the first water, they noticed a dead animal inside. Bear in mind that the night was dark, yet, Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – had clearly seen this. Only when Imam Muhammad Baqir – may Allah be pleased with him – looked carefully himself, he noticed that there was a dead rat inside the container. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – also mentioned to his son that tonight would be the night in which he would pass away and also gave him some advice.

 

Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – had a camel which he used to travel to Mecca Shareef. He never used to whip this camel or even encourage it to go faster while he was travelling. When Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – passed away, this same camel arrived at his grave and placed its head near his grave. It also began to made sounds like it was crying. When Imam Muhammad Baqir – may Allah be pleased with him – saw this, he asked the camel to leave, but it refused to go anywhere. The camel only lived for three more days.

 

One day, there was a disagreement between Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – and his uncle, Muhammad bin Al Hanafiyah – may Allah be pleased with him –, on who should be the rightly person for the position of leadership in Wilaayat. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – them declared to his uncle that they should approach the Hajre Aswad and find this out. When the both of them appeared in front, no reply was heard after Muhammad Al Hanafiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – spoke to the Hajre Aswad, However, when Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – spoke, the Hajre Aswad replied, “O Muhammad bin Al Hanafiyah, without doubt, after Husain, the person who is rightfully entitled for the position of Wilaayat and Imaamat is ‘Ali bin Husain.” (In other words, the person who would carry the status of Imaamat forward would be Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him –)

 

Such was their certainty in Allah Almighty that they knew that He would give the power of speech to a stone. Hence, both of them approached the Hajre Aswad. At the same time, this clearly proves that their belief and certainty is the same as displayed in the greater Sunni community when it comes to their belief in the miracles performed by the Awliya. Many sceptics in the modern age do not believe in miracles and Karamat, but Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – is clearly showing his uncle a Karamat of his. The modern day sceptic says that we should only believe what we see, yet, they cannot even see the air we breathe but they still believe in it!

 

It is mentioned that once, the hand of a male and female became stuck to the Hajre Aswad and no matter how much people tried to remove their hands, they could not succeed. Some even suggested the hands of these people be cut. At that moment, Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – appeared and the people called him forward. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – then passed his blessed hands over their hands and suddenly their hands were released. He departed from this area.

 

Abdul Malik and the great Imam

 

Once, Abdul Malik sent a stern warning to the Hujjaj to stop killing and injuring the Bani Abdul Mutallib because he was of the opinion that the Bany Ummayyah were exaggerating the fact that very soon their government would cease to exist. This letter to Hujjaj was written and dispatched in secret. However, the miracle of Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – is that he immediately came to know of this correspondence. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – himself then sent a note to Abdul Malik and asked him whether he had written a letter to Hujjaj on a certain day and at a certain time.

 

He also informed Abdul Malik that he was informed of this by his great grandfather, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and that it was an act which was highly liked in the Divine Court of Allah Almighty. He also informed him that his government would be saved because of this action. He then handed this letter to one of khadims and informed him to deliver this immediately to Abdul Malik. When Abdul Malik looked at the date on this correspondence and realised that not only was he correct in his decision but that the great Imam had become aware of a secret unknown to anyone in the country. Abdul Malik was so impressed by this miracle that in a fit of wonderment, he sent camels to the great Imam which were filled with Dirhams and other expensive gifts. It is reported that so much of wealth was sent which even the camels carried these with great difficulty.

 

Imam Zainul Aabideen and Khuzaimah

 

Minhaal bin Amar narrates, “Once, I went to meet the great Imam during the days of Hajj. He then asked me about Khuzayma bin Kaahil Al Asadi. I informed him that he was living in Kufa. The great Imam then cursed this person and said, ‘O Allah Almighty! Burn him with the heat of iron and also burn him in a fire.’”

 

Minhaal bin Amar continues, “When I returned to Kufa, I learnt that Mukhtaar bin Abu Ubaid had already left. I then became his friend and left with the intent of meeting him. When I arrived in his house, he himself was already climbing on his horse to leave. I then joined him and we reached a place where we all waited for someone to arrive. Suddenly Khuzaymah was presented before him. Muktaar then declared, ‘I praise Allah Almighty that He has allowed me to capture this person.’ He then called his guards so that the hands and feet of this person being cut off. He then asked them for a fire to be lit and Khuzaymah was then thrown into this fire. When I saw this, I said out aloud, ‘Subhaanallah!’ When Muhtaar asked me the reason why I had mentioned these words, I related the words of curse which I had heard from the great Imam for this person. Mukhtar then asked me for proof and I declared that I had heard this with my own ears. He then jumped off his horse and after performing two rak’ah of Salaah, he went into a long Sajdah and then we departed from this place. On the road, my house appeared first and I asked him to join me for food but he mentioned to me, ‘O Minhaal! When you yourself had informed me that Allah Almighty had accepted the Du’a of Imam Zainul Aabideen, now I am so joyous that I have no need for food. In fact, I will now keep fast as a show of thanks.’”

 

Demise

 

Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – passed away on the 25th of Muharram 95 A.H. His age was 57. It is said that he was also poisoned. This means that he was also martyred. It is also mentioned that this was given to him by Waleed bin Abdul Malik. He was buried in Jannatul Baqi next to the blessed grave of his uncle, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him –.

 

His children

 

There is also a dispute about the exact number of children the great Imam had. However, the majority view is that Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – had eight children. Their names are Imam Muhammad Baqir, Zaid, Abdullah, Ubaidullah, Hasan, Husain, ‘Ali and Umar.

 

Some say that he had nine sons and one daughter whose name was Sakeenah. However, some have not made mention of any daughter. (Taarikh A’immah)

 

Among the A’immah of the Ahle Bayt, he is considered as the fourth Imam. We will also present a short brief on the great Imam as outlined in the Kashful Mahjub by the eminent saint, Hadrat Data Ganje Bakhsh – may Allah be pleased with him –.

 

His brief life as outlined in the Kashful Mahjub

 

Among these eminent Imams is the light of this Ummah, the leader of those who were oppressed, the one who was the beauty of Ibadah, the great Awtaad, Abul Hasan ‘Ali bin Husain bin ‘Ali bin Abi Talib – may Allah be pleased with him –. He was the most eminent souls of his period. He was also someone who used to reveal deep secrets among people in matters pertaining to spiritualism and Haqeeqat.

 

Once someone asked Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him –, “Who is considered a good person in both worlds?” He replied, “That person would be considered a lucky person in both worlds who when he becomes happy, it is not based on falsehood. And when he becomes angry, his anger does not allow him to transgress the boundaries of truth.

 

“This is the quality of that person who creates within himself steadfastness and perseverance. The reason is that happiness for falsehood is falsehood itself. At the same time, to transgress the boundaries of justice when in anger and kill or injure is in itself also oppression and falsehood. A true believer would never be able to accept falsehood.”

 

It is said that he was the only one who survived the tragedy of Karbala after his blessed father, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was killed. At that time, he was extremely ill.

 

It is mentioned that when Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – was brought in front of Yazeed and was asked his condition, he replied, “Our morning has been surrounded by oppression and tyranny like the people of Nabi Moosa ‘Alayhis Salaam experienced when they were surrounded by Pharaoh and his people. Pharaoh was someone who killed their children and spared their women. We are even unaware of what evening is and what morning is. This is our trial and this is our tribulation. However, we give thanks to Allah Almighty for whatever we face and we are also patient at this moment.”

 

It is mentioned that once, Hishaam bin Abdul Malik bin Marwan arrived for Hajj and after making the Tawaaf, he decided to visit the Hajre Aswad so that he could have the opportunity of kissing it. However, the crowd was so large that he could not even get near the Hajre Aswad. His servants then placed a chair for him so that he could rest and finally get the opportunity to kiss the Black Stone. Hishaam then sat and also delivered his own sermon. However during this time Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – also arrived in the Haram Shareef.

 

There was immense Nur which shone on his face and his entire being was filled with sweet fragrance. Imam Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – first performed the Tawaaf and when he arrived at the Hajre Aswad, the entire crowd moved aside so that he could reach the Hajre Aswad. The crowd displayed immense respect and reverence for him. He then kissed the Hajre Aswad and left that place. Hishaam continued to look at the great Imam without saying a word. One of his friends from Syria asked him, “O Ameerul Mo’mineen! Who was this eminent person and who was given a free passage to go and kiss the Hajre Aswad by the crowd?”

 

They also told Hishaam that he was supposed to be the leader of the Muslims and yet, such immense respect and decorum was displayed for this young handsome man.

 

Hishaam even though he knew who it was, acted like he had no idea who this person was. He acted in this fashion because he was fearful that perchance, their might be an uprising by these Syrians who had accompanied him. Coincidentally, the famous poet named Farzuq was also present at that time and said to the people that even though Hishaam did not know this person, he was fully aware of who this person was. The people asked him, “O Abul Faraas, explain to us who this person is.” Farzuq then stood up and recited a long poem in praise of the great Imam.

 

  1. Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her –

 

She was born on the 5th of Jamaadi-ul-Awwal 5 A.H. (Al Jawaahir).

 

At the time of her birth, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was not in Madina Shareef and Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – asked her husband, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him -, to keep a name for the baby. He replied, “When the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – returns from his journey, he will keep a name for the child.” On his arrival, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – kept her name Zainab and he also held the child close to him.

 

This proves that Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to show immense love for his granddaughter. Sometimes, she used to also climb on the back on Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – when he was in Sajdah and he never disturbed her until she herself moved away.

 

One day, someone gave him a necklace of gold and he stated, “I will give this necklace to that person whom I love the most.” He then placed this necklace around the neck of Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her –.

 

In the 10th year of Hijrah when Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – went for Hajj, his granddaughter was only about four or five years old and she also accompanied her blessed grandfather for Hajj. When the time came for Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – to leave this world, he instructed Sayyidah Bibi Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – to bring all the children to him. Sayyiduna Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – then brought Imam Hasan, Imam Husain, Sayyidah Umme Kulsum and Sayyidah Zainab to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. When the children saw their grandfather, they were disturbed and began to cry. At that time, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – placed the hand of Sayyidah Zainab on his chest and also kissed her face and head.

 

What can we say further about Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her –? She was someone who grew up in the most blessed family in creation. She was surrounded by Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, by her father, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –, her mother, Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her -, and her brothers, Imam Hasan and Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with them –. What must her state be when she grew up in this environment? She was extremely learned, extremely pious and extremely brave. Remember that Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – saw the incident of Karbala in front of her eyes and still remained firm.

 

It is reported that Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – was a replica of her blessed grandmother, Hadrat Sayyidah Khatijah – may Allah be pleased with her –. Her habits were identical to her blessed mother, Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –. Her complete features displayed her greatness.

 

Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – was married to her cousin brother, Hadrat Abdullah bin Jafer Tayyar – may Allah be pleased with him – and this was a simple marriage performed in the Masjid and the Waleema was arranged the following day.

 

Sayyidah Zainab’s – may Allah be pleased with her – husband also admitted that her behaviour at home was the same as her blessed mother, Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –. She was so private and secret that the eminent Imam, Yahya bin Maazini, admits that he was her neighbour for many years in Madina Shareef but he never saw her once and he never heard her voice once.

 

Even when Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – was small, she used to read the Holy Qur’an in such a manner that she even used to forget where she was. In this state, once while she was reading the Holy Qur’an, her scarf fell from her head, however, her mother, Sayyiduna Fathima Radi Allahu, ‘Anha reminded her, “My daughter! Even though there are no males in the house, still it is important that as sign of respect for the Holy Qur’an, we should cover our heads.” (Al Jawaahir)

 

Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – never once disappointed her husband and even though her husband was very wealthy because he was a successful business person, she gave away most of her wealth to the poor and needy. The same type of behaviour was displayed by her husband. One day, her brother Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – advised Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – to be cautious when she give to others. She replied that this wealth was given to them by Allah Almighty so that they could give it to the poor.

 

During the incident at Karbala, Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – only left to join her brother, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him -, after receiving permission from her husband.

 

During the Battle of Jamal, Siffin and Nehrwaan, Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – was also in this battle with her husband. She also displayed immense bravery in this battle. After the martyrdom of her father, she lived a short while in Kufa with her brothers, Imam Hasan and Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –, giving them all the support she could.

 

She was such a pious person that during the days of Karbala and even after this incident when they were taken as prisoners to Yazeed, Iman Zainul Aabideen – may Allah be pleased with him – mentions that his aunt, Sayyiduna Zainab – may Allah be pleased with him -, never once missed her Tahajjud Salaah. (Al Jawaahir)

 

During the time her father was the leader of the Muslims, Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – used to conduct females classes in the house of her father teaching other females the Holy Qur’an.

 

One of her greatest miracles was the manner in which she displayed immense patience during the incident of Karbala. Even though Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – had immense love for her brother, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him -, and saw with her own eyes how he was killed in Karbala, yet she taught other members of her blessed family the valuable lesson of patience and how to remain steadfast and how to display forbearance.

 

There is also a difference of opinion on the date that she passed away. However, the majority opinion is that she passed away on the 15th of Rajab while travelling with her husband in a village near Damacus. Sayyidah Zainab’s – may Allah be pleased with her – Mazaar still exists until the present day.

 

Near the city of Damascus, there is a small village which is called “Zaynabiyah” which is about four of five miles from the main city where her Mazaar is to be found. Some people have said that she was buried in Madina Shareef, some say Cairo and some say that she was buried in the centre of Damascus. There are many opinions in this regard. (Al Jawaahir)

 

Shaikh Abu Bakr Al Mousili – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that he visited the blessed grave of this respected lady for nearly twelve years. He continues, “My habit was that when I used to arrive at her grave, I never entered the actual area of the grave. I used to stand outside the area where the grave was and then presented my Salaam. Out of respect for this blessed lady, I never stood close to the grave or went near her grave. One night, I saw Sayyidah Zainab – may Allah be pleased with her – in a dream and she was standing outside her grave. She then said to me, ‘O my son! Allah Almighty increase your respect. There is no doubt that my grandfather and his blessed companions used to visit the grave of Sayyidah Umme Ayman – may Allah be pleased with her – after she had passed away.’” (Kitaabuz Ziyaarah)

 

Bear in mind that this was the blessed lady who also took care of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – when he was still small.

 

The grave of her husband, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Jafer – may Allah be pleased with him -, is in the city of Damascus in a graveyard which is famously known as “Jaamia Sagheer”.