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THE EMINENCE OF THE AHLE BAYT ACCORDING TO THE HOLY QUR’AN

 

1.1 VERSE 1 OR “AYAT-E-QURBA”:

 

In Surah Shurah, verse 23, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

قُلۡ لَّاۤ اَسْـَٔلُکُمْ عَلَیۡہِ اَجْرًا اِلَّا الْمَوَدَّۃَ فِی الْقُرْبٰیؕ

“I ask not of you any wage for it but affection in respect of family.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – narrates that, “Once we inquired in the blessed court of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him:

یَا رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہِ مِنْ قَرَابَتِکَ ھٰؤلَاءِ الَّذِیْنَ وِجِبِتْ عَلَیْنَا  مَوَدَّتُھُمْ

‘O Prophet of Allah! Who are those blessed people close to you because of whom it has become necessary upon us to love (and respect)?’

He replied:

قَالَ عَلِیٌّ وَفَاطِمَۃُ وَ وَلَدَاھُمَا

‘They are ’Ali, Fathima and their two children (Imam Hasan and Imam Husain).”

(Zarqani Alal Mawaahib Vol. 7 p. 20)

 

The following books also contain the Tafseer of the above-mentioned Quranic verses from the Hadeeth of the Beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – narrated by numerous Sahaba – may Allah be pleased with them.

  • Tafseer Al-Durr Al-Manthoor Vol. 2, p. 7
  • Al Mustadrak by Imam Haakim
  • As Sawaa’iq Al Muhriqah p. 168
  • Tafseer Jalalain Vol. 2, p. 32

 

Pertaining to this verse, the distinguished ‘Ulama have also mentioned a wonderful point.

 

They explain that in this verse, Allah Almighty does not use the words, “I do not seek” or something similar but uses the words “I do not ask”. Although the words in context have similar meaning, however they give the view that the only reason why the second type of words are used is because when Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – says “I do not ask” it means that the entire creation is something from whom Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – does not ask. Everyone actually asks him.

 

In other words, this proves that everyone asks Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and he asks from no other creation. What can Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – ask from us, when in reality, we are the ones who are reliant on asking him. In fact, this is that blessed court from which even Jibra’eel Ameen ‘Alayhis Salaam receives his share of blessings and grace. Remember that the Holy Prophet Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is Mercy to the entire Universe and its contents. Hence, logically, it means that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – displays his Prophetic mercy on every living being in the universe.

 

As for the issue of Karbala, this has become a world undertaking which encourages and revitalises the Imaan of Muslims on a continuous basis. Whenever people listen about Karbala, the hearts of the children and elderly people are filled with immense emotion and feeling. This is also a way of expressing support and a fulfilment of an oath taken by a true believer. In other words, we are swearing allegiance, love, support and reverence for the blessed family of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.

 

1.2 VERSE 2 OR “AYAT-E-TATHEER”

 

In Surah Al Ahzab, verse 33, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

اِنَّمَا یُرِیۡدُ اللہُ لِیُـذْہِبَ عَنۡکُمُ الرِّجْسَ اَہۡلَ الْبَیۡتِ وَ یُطَہِّرَکُمْ تَطْہِیۡرًا ﴿ۚ۳۳﴾

“Allah only desires O the members of the family of the Prophet! That He may remove from you every uncleanness and purify you well after cleaning you thoroughly.”

 

This verse is called or referred to as “Ayat-e-Tatheer.” This also indicates to the blessed wives of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – who are the Mothers of the Believers. However, in certain commentaries of the Holy Holy Qur’an and certain Ahadith, a few scholars have mentioned that it indicates that Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali, Sayyidah Fathima and Hasanain Kareemain – may Allah be pleased with them – are also included.

(Tafseer Kabeer)

 

In one Hadith Shareef, it is mentioned that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – once gathered them under his blessed shawl and made the following Du’a:

اَللّٰھُمَّ ھٰؤلَا ءِ اَھْلُ بَیْتِیْ وَ خَاصَّتِیْ اَذْھِبْ عَنْھُمُ الرِّجْسَ وَطَھِّرْھُمْ تَطْھِیْرًا

“O Allah Almighty, this is my Ahle Bayt and are special to me, please remove any impurity from them and make them pure.”

(Mishkaat Shareef)

 

Hadrat Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her – once asked:

وَاَنَا مِنْھُمْ

“O Prophet of Allah, am I also among them?”

He replied:

اِنَّکِ عَلٰی خَیْرٍ

“You are on goodness”.

 

At the same time, mention is also made of some other Ashaab that were included in this category by the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him. We see that once, while explaining the immense stature of Hadrat Sayyiduna Salman Farsi – may Allah be pleased with him – the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – declared:

سَلْمَانُ مِنْ اَھْلِ الْبَیْتِ

“Salman is from among my Ahle Bayt.”

 

On another occasion, Hadrat Sayyiduna Waa’ilah – may Allah be pleased with him – asked:

وَاَنَا مِنْ اَھْلِکَ

“Am I also among your Ahle Bayt?”

He replied:

اَنْتَ مِنْ اَھْلِیْ

“Yes, you are among my Household.”

 

Imam Tha’labi explains that by Ahle Bayt is meant all the members of Bani Hashim, for the Holy  Prophet – may Allah send  peace and blessings upon him – placed his blessed shawl on Hazrat Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – and his daughters made Du’a:

یَا  رَبِّ ھٰذَا عَمِّیْ وَھٰؤلَاءِ اَھْلُ بَیْتِیْ

“O Allah! This is my uncle and he is like my father and they are my Ahle Bayt.”

(Sawaanehe Karbala)

 

The words, “Ahle” and “Aale” has appeared on a number of occasions in the Holy Holy Qur’an. It can imply someone who follows you, a master, someone who has the same beliefs as you, a wife etc. Therefore, to insist that this only implies one single group and disqualifies another, is certainly not proper and fair. There are some ignoramuses who actually immediately remove the blessed wives of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – from this category. They also claim to be great lovers and admirers of the Ahle Bayt in their twisted logic. They do not seem to understand a simple point which is that when someone asks you about your family, and if you are married, they would obviously also mean your wife or wives as well.

 

Imam Fakhrudeen Razi – may Allah be pleased with him – in the Tafseer Kabeer explains “Ayat-e-Tatheer” in the following manner:

فَالْاَوْلٰی اَنْ یُقَالَ ھُمْ اَوْلَادُہٗ وَ اَزْوَاجُہٗ وَالْحَسَنُ وَالْحُسَیْنُ مِنْھُمْ وَعَلِیٌّ مِّنْھُمْ  لِاَنَّہٗ کَانَ مِنْ اَھْلِ الْبَیْتِ بِسَبَبِ مُعَاشَرَۃِ بِنْتِ النَّبِیِّ ﷺ وَمُلَازَمَتِہٖ النَّبِیَّ ﷺ

“The most appropriate explanation is that by Ahle Bayt is meant the children of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him, his wives, Sayyiduna Imam Hasan, Sayyiduna Imam Husain and Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with them – are also included in this category. The reason that (Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him) is included in this is on account of his connection with Sayyidah Bibi Fathima and obviously also because of his closeness to the beloved Nabi – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him.”

 

Allama Saawi in his Tafseer explains that:

فِیْ اَھْلِ بَیْتِ سَکنِہٖ وھُنَّ اَزْوَاجُہٗ وَاَھْلُ بَیْتِ نَسَبِ2وکئ/8ئھجھہٖ وَھُنَّ ذُرِّیَّتُہٗ

“Ahle Bayt could imply those who lived in his household, such as, his blessed wives and those who are related to his blood line; such as, his offsprings.”

 

Shaikh Muhaqqiq Allama Shaikh Shah Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlwi – may Allah be pleased with him – explains in the Ash’atul Lam’aat Shareef that:

بیت سہ است؛ بیت نسب، بیت سکنی و بیت ولادت، پس بنو  ہاشم اولاد عبد المطلب اہل بیت پیغمبرﷺ اند از جہت نسب و ازواج مطہرات آں حضرت ﷺ بیت سکنی اندو اولاد شریف آں حضرت ﷺ اہل بیت ولادت اند

“There are three categories of the Ahle Bayt. The Bayt of Nasab, the Bayt of Sakanah (living together in his house) and the Ahle Bayt of Wilaadat. The Bayt of Nasab (or family blood line) would imply the Bani Hashim who are the children of Abdul Mutallib. They are the Ahle Bayt of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – in respect of family blood line or family lineage. The blessed wives are his Ahle Bayt who lived and resided with him. His children are his Ahle Bayt and are refereed to as Ahle Bayt Wilaadat (in other words, those born from him).”

 

(a) Points to be noted in this explanation

 

One important point to be borne in mind is that in this verse Allah Almighty has referred to removing any impurity from the Ahle Bayt. Ma’azzalah, it does not mean that they were impure and hence the need to remove any impurity from them. In like manner, when we appoint someone to clean the Masjid, it does not mean that the Masjid is actually impure. It means that our intention is to make sure that no impurity may come close to Masjid’s environment. Hence, the meaning of this verse is that Allah Almighty in His Divine Mercy does not want any impurity to come near the Blessed Household.

 

(b) An important point about the Blessed Ashaab

 

In Surah Anfal, verse 11, Allah Almighty descibes the blessed Muslims who took part in the Battle of Badr as follows:

 

َیُنَزِّلُ عَلَیۡکُمۡ مِّنَ السَّمَآءِ مَآءً لِّیُطَہِّرَکُمۡ بِہٖ وَیُذْہِبَ عَنۡکُمْ رِجْزَ الشَّیۡطٰنِ وَلِیَرْبِطَ عَلٰی قُلُوۡبِکُمْ وَیُثَبِّتَ بِہِ الۡاَقْدَامَ ﴿ؕ۱۱﴾

“He sent down water from the sky upon you to purify you with it, and to remove the impurity of Satan from you, and to give your hearts fortitude and firmly establish your feet with it.”

 

It is quite surprising that people would use the word “Tat’heer” in the previous verse to describe the purity of the Ahle Bayt, but when a verse uses the word “Tat’heer” to describe the blessed Ashaab, they do not even accept the blessed Ashaab as Muslims, being purified by Allah Almighty! It is quiet shocking! The word is the same, the tense is the same, the scale is the same, and nonetheless there is immense love displayed for the Ahle Bayt and immense hatred displayed for the Ashaab by using this very same word. Need we say more?

 

There is no doubt that the love for the Ashaab is because of their connection with Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and love for the Ahle Bayt is also because of their connection to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him. If only people could understand and realise that those who were in the company of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – are ought to be respected. The blessed person whom Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – carried on his shoulder, namely Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – is to be respected and the person who carried his beloved Prophet on his shoulder when they were travelling at night during the migration, namely Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – should also be respected. All the Ahle Bayt are to be respected and loved and all the blessed Ashaab are to be respected and loved as well.

 

The people of love believe that if the group of Hazrat Ali, Hazrat Fatimah, Imam Hasan, Imaam Husain joins the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and thus called “Panjtan Paak” then surely the group of four Caliphs joined with the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is also to be considered as such.

 

If you do not do this, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – will never look at you. At the same time, there are many verses in the Holy Qur’an which describe the greatness of Ahle Bayt. However, we will present a few verses and a short explanation to each verse so that the treatise does not become too lengthy.

 

1.3 VERSE 3 OR “AYAT-E-MUBAAHALAH”

 

In Surah Ale Imran, verse 61, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

فَمَنْ حَآجَّکَ فِیۡہِ مِنۡۢ بَعْدِ مَا جَآءَ کَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ اَبْنَآءَ نَا وَاَبْنَآءَکُمْ وَ نِسَآءَ نَا وَ نِسَآءَکُمْ وَاَنۡفُسَنَا وَاَنۡفُسَکُمْ۟ ثُمَّ نَبْتَہِلْ فَنَجْعَلْ لَّعْنَتَ اللہِ عَلَی الْکٰذِبِیۡنَ﴿۶۱﴾

“Therefore say to those who dispute with you (O Muhammad) concerning ‘Isa after

the knowledge has come to you, “Come! Let us summon our sons and your sons, and

our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves – then pray humbly, thereby

casting the curse of Allah upon the liars!”

 

There was once a group of Christians who arrived from Najran. They eventually agreed to have an oath to the death on what was false and what was the truth. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then appeared in front of them with Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali, Sayyidah Fathima, Imam Hasan and Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with them. However, when the head priest saw this delegation of Holy Personalities, he quietly murmured to his followers:

اِنِّیْ لَاَرٰی وُجُوْھًا لَوْ سَاَلُوْا اللّٰہَ اَنْ یُّنَزِّلَ جَبَلًا لِاِزَالِہٖ مِنْ مَّکَانِہٖ فَلَا تَبْتَھِلُوْا فَتَھْلِکُوْا وَلَا یَبْقٰی عَلٰی وَجْہِ الْاَرْضِ نَصْرَانِیٌّ اِلٰی یَوْمِ الْقِیَامَۃِ فَقَالُوْا یَا اَبَا الْقَاسِمِ قَدْ رَاَیْنَا اَنْ نُبَاھِلَکَ وَ اَنْ نَتْرُکَکَ عَلٰی دِیْنِکَ وَ تَتْرُکْنَا عَلٰی دِیْنِنَا

“Without doubt I can see such faces (in front of me) that if these people plead to Allah Almighty to move the mountain from its place, then Allah Almighty through their Du’a would move the mountain. For the sake of God! do not have a Mubaahalah against them or else we will be destroyed and there will remain no Christians on the face of the earth until the Day of Judgement.” They then said, “O Abul Qasim! We are not performing a Mubaahalah with you. You may remain on your religion and we will remain on our religion.”

(Tafseer Kabeer Vol. 2, p. 488, Tafseer Khaazin, Madaarijun Nubuwah)

 

1.4 VERSE 4 OR “AYAT-E-SALAAT”

 

In verse 56, Surah Al Ahzab, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

اِنَّ اللہَ وَمَلٰٓئِکَتَہٗ یُصَلُّوۡنَ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ ؕ یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا صَلُّوۡا عَلَیۡہِ وَ سَلِّمُوۡا تَسْلِیۡمًا ﴿۵۶﴾

“Undoubtedly, Allah and His Angels send blessings on the Prophet (the Communicator of Unseen News), O you who believe! Send upon him blessings and salute him fully well in abundance.”

 

Once the blessed companions inquired:

قَدْ عَلِمْنَا کَیْفَ نُسَلِّمُ عَلَیْکَ، فَکَیْفَ نُصَلِّیْ

“O Prophet of Allah, we know how to send Salam upon you, please explain to us how to send Salawat upon you?” He then taught them it to them to send Durood in this manner:

اَللّٰھُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍ وَّ عَلٰی اٰلِ مُحَمَّدٍ کَمَا صَلَّیْتَ عَلٰی اِبْرَاھِیْمَ وَعَلٰی اٰلِ اِبْرَاھِیْمَ اِنَّکَ حَمِیْدٌ مَّجِیْدٌ

(Narrated by Hadrat Sayyiduna Ka’ab bin Ajzah – may Allah be pleased with him)

 

Hazrat Imam Shafe’i – may Allah be pleased with him – says:

یَا اَھْلَ بَیْتِ رَسُوْلِ اللّٰہِ حُبُّکُمْ

فَرْضٌ مِنَ  اللّٰہِ فِیْ الْقُرْاٰنِ اَنْزَلَہٗ

O the Ahle Bayt of Rasoolillah  – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him, Allah Almighty almighty has declared your love to be compulsory in the Quran

کَمَا کَمْ مِنْ عَظِیْمِ الْقَدْرِ اَنَّکُمْ

مَنْ لَّمْ یُصَلِّ عَلَیْکُمْ لَا صَلٰوۃَ لَہٗ

It is sufficient in your excellence that who does not send Durood upon you, his Salah is invalid

اِذَا نَحْنُ فَضَّلْنَا  عَلِیًّا فَاِنَّنَا

رَوَافِضٌ بِالتَّفْضِیْلِ عِنْدَ ذِیْ الْجَھْلِ

When we mention the excellence of Hazrat Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – then according to the ignorant we are labelled as Shiites due to this

وَفَضْلَ اَبِیْ بَکْرٍ اِذَا مَا ذَکَرْتُہٗ

رُمِیْتُ بِنَصْبٍ عِنْدَ ذِکْرِ لِلْفَضْلِ

And when we menion the excellence of Hazrat Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – then we are branded as Naasibi  (Khawaarij)

قَالُوْا الرَّفْضَۃَ  قُلْتُ کَلَّا

مَاالرِّفْضُ دِیْنِیْ وَلَا اِعْتِقَادِیْ

My reply to those ignorant who label  me as Shiites is that my religion and my faith  can never be that of the shiites

لٰکِنْ تَوَلَّیْتُ غَیْرَ شَکٍّ

خَیْرَ اِمَامٍ وَخَیْرَ ھَادِی

But without doubt I love the good of Imam and the good guide

اِنْ کَانَ رِفْضًا حُبُّ اٰلِ مُحَمَّدٍ

فَلْیَشْھُدِ الثَّقَلَانِ اِنِّیْ رَافِضٌ

If loving the Ahle Bayt is Shiasm then I make both the worlds witness that I am a Shia!

(Al-Sawaa’iq Al-Muhriqah p. 148, Mirqaat Al-Mafateeh Vol. 1, p. 30, Seerate Imam Shafe’i p. 22)

 

1.5 VERSE 5 OR “AYAT-E-MARDAAT”

 

In Surah Baqarah, verse 207, the Holy Qur’an declares:

وَ مِنَ النَّاسِ مَنۡ یَّشْرِیۡ نَفْسَہُ ابْتِغَآءَ مَرْضَاتِ اللہِؕ وَاللہُ رَءُوۡفٌۢ بِالْعِبَادِ﴿۲۰۷﴾

“And some among men sells his life in seeking the pleasure of Allah and Allah is

Merciful over his slaves.”

 

Pertaining to this verse, Imam Razi – may Allah be pleased with him – explains that when the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – left Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – in Mecca Shareef to sleep in his bed while he departed for Madina Shareef, Jibra’eel Ameen ‘Alayhis Salaam and Mikaa’eel ‘Alayhis Salaam appeared at that moment. They were commanded to do so by Allah Almighty Who declared to them, “Look, ‘Ali is prepared to sacrifice his life for my beloved Muhammad. Go and protect him the entire night”. This is when both of these Angels appeared on earth. It is recorded that Jibra’eel Ameen ‘Alayhis Salaam stood at his head side and Mika’eel ‘Alayhis Salaam stood at his feet. Jibra’eel Ameen ‘Alayhis Salaam, in extreme joy and happiness, declared in a loud voice, “O ‘Ali ibn Abi T’Alib! Who is like you today? Allah Almighty also boasts about you in front of the Angels.” This is when this verse was revealed. (Tafseer Kabeer)

 

1.6 VERSE 6 OR “AYAT-E-ABRAAR”

 

In Surah Ad Dahr, verse 7 until 22:

 

یُوۡفُوۡنَ بِالنَّذْرِ وَ یَخَافُوۡنَ یَوْمًا کَانَ شَرُّہٗ مُسْتَطِیۡرًا ﴿۷﴾

“They fulfil their vows, and fear a day; the evil of which is wide-spread.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – narrates: “One day Hadrat Imam Hasan and Hadrat Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with them – became very ill. The blessed Ashaab, in the company of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, then went to visit them. Some of the Ashaab mentioned to Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –, ‘O ‘Ali! Make a Nazr (vow).’ Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – then made a vow that if his two sons became well, he and his wife, Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – will keep three fast. Allah Almighty then blessed them with good health and Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – then started to keep the three fast with his wife.

 

“On the first day when they kept fast, at the time of Iftaar, there was nothing in the house to break their fast. In other words, there was nothing to eat. Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – then took some credit from someone and Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – then made some bread. They then made Iftaar with only water. After Maghrib, when all of them sat down to eat. Before they could eat a single piece of bread, someone outside the house shouted, ‘O the family of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –! I am a miskeen (a very needy person), I am hungry, please give me some food. Allah Almighty will feed you from the bounty of Jannah.’ When they heard this person, they took all the bread they had prepared and gave it to the beggar. They only drank water and slept.

 

“The next day, fast was also kept with only drinking water during Sehri. Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – then prepared some bread with the same flour. They then made Iftaar again with water and after Maghrib when they all sat to eat these pieces of bread. Before they could even place one piece of bread in their mouth they heard someone outside the house shout, “O the family of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, I am a yateem (orphan), please give me some food”.

 

“Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – then informed her husband to take all the bread and give it to this orphan and that they will manage with only water. They then only drank water for Iftaar and on the third day also, they only drank water for Sehri. That day Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – also made some bread and prepared it for Iftaar. As usual, after Maghrib, when they sat to eat together, they heard a voice of someone outside who was saying, “O the family of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –! I am a prisoner. I am hungry, please give me something to eat.’ Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – then ordered her husband to give all of this bread to this person and also mentioned that they would manage with only water.

 

“However, on the fourth day, they were feeling extremely weak and were finding it difficult to walk. When the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – arrived to see them, he was shocked to see how weak they had become and tears filled in his eyes. At that moment, Jibra’eel Ameen arrived and declared, “Congratulations upon the blessed family of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Without doubt, Allah Almighty has certainly become very pleased with your actions and that you merely drank water, yet fed someone who was poor.” In regard to this incident, the above mentioned verse of the Holy Qur’an was revealed. (Tafseer Khaazin, Tafseer Kabeer, Ruhul Bayan, Ar Riyaadul Asar)

 

1.7 VERSE 7 OR “AYAT-E-FATARDAH”

 

In Surah Duha, verse 5, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

وَ لَسَوْفَ یُعْطِیۡکَ رَبُّکَ فَتَرْضٰی ؕ﴿۵﴾

“And undoubtedly, soon your Lord shall give you so much that you shall be satisfied.”

 

Pertaining to this verse, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – explains, “Among the things which will also please and satisfy the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is that none of his family will ever enter the Fire of Hell.” This verse also proves the eminent status of the Ahle Bayt.

 

1.8 VERSE 8 OR “AYAT-E-HAAD”

 

In Surah Ar Ra’ad, verse 7, Allah Almighty declares:

 

اِنَّمَاۤ اَنۡتَ مُنۡذِرٌ وَّ لِکُلِّ قَوْمٍ ہَادٍ ٪﴿۷﴾

“You are only a warner and a guide to every people.”

 

In reference to this verse, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – explains, “After this verse was revealed, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – placed his hand on his blessed chest and declared, ‘I am Munzir’ and then placing his hand on the shoulders of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – he declared, ‘O ‘Ali! You are Haadi and after me, guidance will be received through you.’”

 

In other words, if we look at the spiritual orders of all the Silsilas, we will notice that they all lead to Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –. In other words, the spiritual blessing upon all the Awliya is received from the blessed hands of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –.

 

1.9 VERSE 9 OR “AYAT-E-BAHRAIN WAL MARJAAN”

 

In Surah Ar Rahman, verses 19 and 22, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

مَرَجَ الْبَحْرَیۡنِ یَلْتَقِیَانِ ﴿ۙ۱۹﴾

“He made flow two oceans that look to be joined.

یَخْرُجُ مِنْہُمَا اللُّؤْلُؤُ وَ الْمَرْجَانُ ﴿ۚ۲۲﴾

There comes out from them the pearl and the coral.”

 

In reference to these verses, Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – explains that from the “two oceans” is meant Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali and Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with them – and from the pearl and coral is meant Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan and Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with them –.” (Imam Zarqani, As Sawaaiku Al Muharriqah).

 

1.10 VERSE 10 OR “AYAT-E-SADQAH”

 

In Surah Mujaadilah, verse 12, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡۤا اِذَا نٰجَیۡتُمُ الرَّسُوۡلَ فَقَدِّمُوۡا بَیۡنَ یَدَیۡ نَجْوٰىکُمْ صَدَقَۃً ؕ ذٰلِکَ خَیۡرٌ لَّکُمْ وَ اَطْہَرُ ؕ فَاِنۡ لَّمْ تَجِدُوۡا فَاِنَّ اللہَ غَفُوۡرٌ رَّحِیۡمٌ ﴿۱۲﴾

“O believers! When you desire to say anything secretly to the Messenger, then give some

alms before your submission. This is better for you and purer. But if you are unable to give anything

then Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.”

 

It is reported that certain rich and influential people used to visit the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and used to speak about unnecessary things. In this manner, other people especially the poor did not get the opportunity to speak to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. When Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – noticed this, he was extremely displeased and mentioned to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, “O Prophet of Allah! If there was a law which made it necessary upon these rich people to give Sadqah first before they spoke to you, in this way, this Sadqah will also be able to help the poor and needy. In like manner, since they are given less opportunity to speak to you (through this Sadqah given to them, these poor people) will also become happier.”

 

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – replied, ‘O ‘Ali! You have spoken the truth. However, I cannot place such an instruction upon these people because I do not want to hurt their feeling.”

 

However, a little while later, the above verse was revealed and the same command was given in this verse as per the wishes of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –.

 

When this verse was revealed, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stated, “O ‘Ali! Allah Almighty has fulfilled your wishes and had placed a restriction that without giving Sadqah, they should not present themselves so that this can help the poor”.

 

When Hadrat ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – heard this, he also immediately gave Sadqah and began speaking to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. He also inquired about ten issues. Thereafter, this command was abrogated because certain poor people could not manage to give anything. This is the reason that later Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have stated, “There is a verse in the Holy Qur’an who no one practised upon except for me and after me, no one could fulfil (this command).” (Tafseer Madaarik, Tafseer Khaazin)

 

1.11 VERSE 11 OR “AYAT-E-SALAAM”

 

In Surah As Saffaat, verse 130, the Holy Qur’an states:

 

سَلٰمٌ عَلٰۤی اِلْ یَاسِیۡنَ ﴿۱۳۰﴾

“Peace be upon Elyas.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – states that, “This is actually Salaamun ala Il Yaseen and the Ale Yaseen is the family of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.” (Durre Mansur).

 

Some of the eminent Saints have recited this as “Ale Yaseen” because one of the names of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is also “Yaseen”.

 

Allama ibn Hajr Makki – may Allah be pleased with him – explains, “Many of the eminent Mufassireen have recorded the words of Hadrat Sayyiduna ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – and have stated that by Ale Yaseen is meant the children of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.”

 

1.12 VERSE 12 OR “AYAT AHLUZ DHIKR”

 

In Surah Al Ambiyah, verse 7, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

فَسْـَٔلُوۡۤا اَہۡلَ الذِّکْرِ اِنۡ کُنۡتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُوۡنَ ﴿۷﴾

“O people! Ask the men of knowledge if you have no knowledge.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Jaber bin Abdullah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that once Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – was asked, “Who are the Ahle Dhikr who have been mentioned that we should question?” He replied, “We are the people of Dhikr.” (As Sawaaiqu Al Muharriqah)

 

1.3 VERSE 13 OR “AYAT-E-ULIL AMAR”

 

In Surah Nisa, verse 59, the Qur’an declares:

 

یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡۤا اَطِیۡعُوا اللہَ وَاَطِیۡعُوا الرَّسُوۡلَ وَ اُولِی الۡاَمْرِ مِنۡکُمْ

“O believers! Obey Allah and Obey the messenger, and those who have power

of command amongst you.”

 

Hadrat Abdul Ghaffar bin Qasim reports that Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Jafer Saadiq – may Allah be pleased with him – was once asked about who is meant by those in command. He replied, “I swear by Allah Almighty that among them is ‘Ali.” (As Sawaaiqu Al Muharriqah)

 

1.14 VERSE 14 OR “AYAT-E-HASANAAT”

 

In Surah Shurah, verse 23, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

وَ مَنۡ یَّقْتَرِفْ حَسَنَۃً نَّزِدْ لَہٗ فِیۡہَا حُسْنًا

“And whoever does a good-deed, We shall increase to him good in respect thereof.”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – states that, “In this verse, the meaning of ‘good-deed’ implies doing good to the Ahle Bayt.” (As Sawaaiqu Al Muharriqah)

 

1.5 VERSE 15 OR “AYAT-E-W’ALI YU KUM”

 

In Surah Al Maidah, verse 55, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

اِنَّمَا وَلِیُّکُمُ اللہُ وَ رَسُوۡلُہٗ وَالَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوا الَّذِیۡنَ یُقِیۡمُوۡنَ الصَّلٰوۃَ وَیُؤْتُوۡنَ الزَّکٰوۃَ وَہُمْ رٰکِعُوۡنَ ﴿۵۵﴾

“Only Allah is your friend and His Messenger and the believers that they establish the prayer and pay the poor-due and are bowed down before Allah.”

 

It is reported that this verse was revealed at that moment when Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – was in Ruku (bowing). A poor person approached Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and asked him for charity. On his finger there was a silver ring which fell off and in this way, the need of this poor person was fulfilled. In other words, these are those people who even help people while they are in Salaah. (Tafseer Kabeer).

 

1.16 VERSE 16 OR “AYAT-E-HAB LILLAH”

 

In Surah Ale Imran, verse 103, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

وَاعْتَصِمُوۡا بِحَبْلِ اللہِ جَمِیۡعًا وَّلَا تَفَرَّقُوۡا۪

“And hold fast, all together, by the Rope of Allah, and be not divided among themselves.”

 

In reference to this verse, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Jafer Saadiq – may Allah be pleased with him – explains that, “The Rope of Allah Almighty are we; who are the Ahle Bayt in reference to whom Allah Almighty has stated, ‘hold fast to the Rope of Allah Almighty.’” (Ihya ul Uloom)

 

1.7 VERSE 17 OR “AYAT-E-WUDDA”

 

In Surah Maryam, verse 96, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

اِنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَعَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ سَیَجْعَلُ لَہُمُ الرَّحْمٰنُ وُدًّا ﴿۹۶﴾

“Undoubtedly, those who believed and did good deeds soon the Most Affectionate will make for them love (in the hearts of people).”

 

In reference to this verse of the Holy Qur’an, Hadrat Muhammad ibn Al Hanafiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – explains, “Which is that Muslim in whose heart there is no love for ‘Ali and the Ahle Bayt?” (Tafseer Durre Mansur)

 

1.18 VERSE 18 OR “AYAT-E-MO’MIN”

 

In Surah Sajdah, verse 18, the Holy Qur’an declares:

 

اَفَمَنۡ کَانَ مُؤْمِنًا کَمَنۡ کَانَ فَاسِقًا ؕؔ لَا یَسْتَوٗنَ ﴿۱۸﴾

“Will then he who is a believer be like him who is disobedient, they are not equal?”

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – explains, “In this verse, the word ‘believer’ implies Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali and the word ‘disobedient’ implies Waleed bin Uqbah. There was once an argument between both of them and on this instance, Waleed bin Uqbah mentioned to Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –, ‘Remain silent, you are still a small boy. I am intelligent, my tongue is wise, I am skilled in throwing a spear and are more brave than you.’

 

“However, the Lion of Allah Almighty replied, ‘You remain silent. You are disobedient.’ In other words, whatever you are saying, you are merely saying in boast and none of these things are worthy of praise. The true worth of a person is determined by his piety and he who is not blessed by this quality is certainly cursed and unfortunate. This is when this verse was revealed clearly highlighting the fact that Waleed bi Uqbah was a Faasiq and ‘Ali was a believer and a beloved servant of Allah Almighty. Hence, they can never be equal.” (Al Khaazin)

 

  1. THE VARIOUS AHADITH WHICH PROVE THE EMINENCE OF THE AHLE BAYT

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – narrates that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “Have love for Allah Almighty because He certainly bestows His bounties upon you. Have love for me due to your love for Allah Almighty and because I am the beloved of Allah Almighty and have love for my Ahle Bayt because of the love (you have) for me.” (Tirmidi, Mustadrak)

 

In another Hadith Shareef, three commands have been given to the Muslims which they should educate their children about.

 

  1. Love for their Prophet,
  2. Love for the Ahle Bayt, and
  3. Teach them to read the Holy Qur’an.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Naaf’e – may Allah be pleased with him – reports from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with them – that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “He who wishes to posses Tawakkul should posses love for my Ahle Bayt. He who wishes to protect himself against the Fire of Hell, he should have love for the People of my House. He who wishes to attain knowledge and wisdom, he should love and reverence my Household. I swear by Allah Almighty that whosoever loves and reveres them, he will be in peace in both worlds.” (Ruhul Bayan)

 

The statement of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him –

 

When this beautiful quality and attribute is found in someone, then the following statement of the Lion of Allah Almighty should also be borne in mind as well. He has stated, “Love and reverence for me and hatred for Abu Bakr and ‘Umar cannot be found in one heart.” (Taarik Al Khulafah)

 

Hadrat Sayyidun Abu Sa’eed Khudri – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated that, “I am leaving behind for you two mighty things. One is the Book of Allah Almighty which is a rope from the heavens till the earth and the other is my family, the Ahle Bayt. Both of this will not separate from each other until they meet me together at the Fountain of Kauther.” (As Saawwiqu Al Muharriqa)

 

It is mentioned that during the Farewell Pilgrimage, while the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was sitting on his camel, Qaswa, and delivering the Khutbah, he declared, “O people! I am leaving behind two things which if you hold fast to, you will never be misguided. One of them is the Book of Allah Almighty and the other is my family, the Ahle Bayt.”

 

He then continued, “Therefore, hold fast to the Book of Allah Almighty, the Holy Qur’an, and attach yourself to my Ahle Bayt. I warn you through Allah Almighty about my Ahle Bayt and I warn you (about the affairs) of my Ahle Bayt that you should fear Allah Almighty.” (Mishkaat Shareef, Jamia Al Sagheer)

 

In the Hadith Shareef it is mentioned that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “The stars are a means of safety and peace for the people in the heavens. When the stars have fallen, then the people of the heavens will be destroyed and my family is a means of peace for the people on earth and when they cease to exist, O people of the earth, you will also cease to exist.” (Al Khasaa’is Al Kubra)

 

Love and enmity for the Ahle Bayt

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Jareer bin Abdullah Bijli – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated that, “Remember! He who has passed away in the love for Ale Muhammad, he is a Martyr. He who has passed away in the love for Ale Muhammad, he will be pardoned. He who has passed away in the love for Ale Muhammad, in his grave, two doors of Jannah will be opened.

 

“Beware! He who has passed away in the love for Ale Muhammad, the Angel of death will first give him glad tidings of Jannah and then the Munkar and Nakeer (will also give him this news).

 

‘Beware! He who has passed away in the love for Ale Muhammad, he will enter Jannah is such immense joy and gladness like when a bride enters the house of her husband.

 

“Beware! He who has passed away in the love for Ale Muhammad, at the time of his death, he will be blessed with the (gift of) making Taubah.

 

“Beware! He who passes away in the love for Ale Muhammad, Allah Almighty will allow his Angels to make his grave a place of Ziyarah.

 

“Beware! He who passes away in the love for Ale Muhammad, he will pass away on the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and among the Jam’ah who are the people of Imaan. He who passes away in the love for Ale Muhammad, he will die in a state of complete Imaan and beware, he who dies in a state of hatred and enmity for Ale Muhammad, on the Day of Judgement he will arise in this state that in between his eyes it will be written, ‘This is that person who has no hope for the Divine Mercy of Allah Almighty.

 

“Beware, he who dies in the state of hatred and enmity for the Ahle Bayt, he will not even smell the fragrance of Jannah and he who dies in the state of hatred and enmity for Ale Muhammad, he will die as a Kaafir.’ (Nurul Absaar, Tafseer Kabeer, Jamia Sagheer, Ishaaf Ar Raaghibeen, Nuzhatul Majaalis)

 

Imam Fakhrudeen Razi – may Allah be pleased with him – has also explained that the unique quality of the Ahle Sunnah wa Jamaah is that as much as they love the Ahle Bayt, they also love and revere the blessed Ashaab. At this moment, the beloved Ummah of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is certainly going through a period of upheaval and trial and the waves of doubt and upheaval which approaches the traveller can only be crossed and passed through one way. That way is to climb on the boat of the Ahle Bayt and follow the stars of guidance in the form of the blessed Ashaab. In this way, you will cross this vast ocean which is in front of you. Bear in mind that if you are on a boat and no means of navigation, how will you cross this ocean? And if you have navigation but no boat to travel on, how will you cross this ocean? All Praise is due to Allah Almighty that He has blessed us in this manner in that on one hand we hold fast to the Ahle Bayt and on the other we hold fast to the blessed Ashaab.

 

Once the eminent companion, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Zarr – may Allah be pleased with him – held the door of the Ka’ba and declared, “O people! Those who know me, know me. Those who do not know me, I will inform them who I am. I am Abu Zarr and I heard the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – declare, ‘The similitude of my Ahle Bayt with you is like the boat of Nabi Nuh ‘Alayhis Salaam. Whoever climbed on board the boat of Nabi Nuh ‘Alayhis Salaam he was saved from been drowned in the storm. Those who turned their back, they were destroyed in this storm. In like manner, he who climbs on board the boat of the Ahle Bayt, in other words, follows them, he will protect himself from falling into the pit of misguidance. He who rejects them, he will drown in the sea of misguidance.” (Mishkaat Shareef)

 

A few words in the form of a lecture about the Ahle Bayt

 

Every Prophet certainly conveyed the message of guidance to his people. Nabi Nuh ‘Alayhis Salaam also mentioned to his people, “I do not ask you for anything in return for this, my reward is with my Lord”. In like manner, these words were also echoed by Nabi Hud ‘Alayhis Salaam. All of these Prophets made it clear that their reward was with their Creator Almighty. In other words, the Divine Creator Almighty made us into people that give others and not people that take from others. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – also gave the same message to the Muslims, however, there was also a slight difference in his words. In other words, he made it clear that if you wish to show gratitude to him in any way for this immense Divine Mercy which he had blessed us with, then one of the ways of doing this was to show love, respect and revere his beloved family. The ‘Ulama have also made a clear distinction between between love and reverence or need. Without love, certain things in the world do complete themselves, however, if there is no reverence or dire need, then life is destroyed.

 

An example of this can be explained in this manner. A fish does not have love for water, but has absolute need for water. If you take this fish out of the water, it will die. In like manner, we have absolute need for the Ahle Bayt to be able to exist in this universe. If you have no love, reverence and need for them, then consider yourself as nothing but the walking dead. If a fish cannot survive without water, in like manner a true believer cannot survive without having love and reverence for the Ahle Bayt.

 

The reason is very simple. Love for the Ahle Bayt is love for the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and love for the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is love for Allah Almighty. This is especially important when it comes to Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has also stated that, “He who loves Husain, without doubt, he loves me and he who loves me, without doubt loves Allah Almighty”. In like manner, a person continues to read Salaah, keep fast, etc and yet has no love for the Ahle Bayt. There is no doubt that he himself has robbed himself of Jannah. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has also made it clear that Jannah is Haraam upon those who cause oppression to the Ahle Bayt.

 

This beautiful message has also been presented by the great saint, Shaikh Sa’adi – may Allah be pleased with him –. His words are:

 

Ilaahi be haqqeh Bani Fathima

Keh bar qouleh Imaan kunam khaatimah.

 

What is the name of the blessed mother of Hadrat Sayyiduna Ghous Paak – may Allah be pleased with him –? It is Fathima. What is the name of the blessed daughter of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –? It is Fathima. When the great Shaikh Sa’adi – may Allah be pleased with him – realised that one cannot rely on one’s Salaah and other forms of Ibadah, then weeping in the Divine Court of Allah Almighty he presented the Wasila of the Ahle Bayt.

 

Who is Data Ganjh-e-Bakhsh – may Allah be pleased with him –? He is a Sayed. Who is Khawaja Ghareeb Nawaz – may Allah be pleased with him –? Heis a Sayed. Who is Ghous-e-Paak – may Allah be pleased with him –? He is a Sayed and all the Sayeds are the children of Bibi Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –. This is why Shaikh Sa’adi – may Allah be pleased with him – completed his plea in the following words:

 

Aghar dawa tam radd kuni war qubul

manu daste damaan-e-Ale Rasul.

 

We know that when one does not recite the Holy Qur’an in a proper manner in Salaah, the Salaah is not complete. In like manner, without reading the Durood and Salaam on the Ahle Bayt in Salaah makes the Salaah incomplete. This is one of the many ways that Allah Almighty has blessed this family who were always willing to place their necks under the sword for the sake of Islam.

 

We are the slaves of Panjetan Paak

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates: “Once the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – entered our house and spent the night with us. Hasan and Husain were sleeping. However, during the night, Hasan awoke and asked for something to drink. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – awoke and began to milk into a small bowl a little goat which we had. He then brought the milk and made him drink. At the same time, Husain also wanted to drink and attempted to hold the bowl but he stopped him from doing this. Sayyidah Fathima then said, ‘O Prophet of Allah! It seems that Hasan is more beloved to you.’ He replied, ‘No, however, it is Hasan who had asked first.’ After this, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – declared, ‘Me and you, these two, (Hasan and Husain) and that person who is asleep, (‘Ali), on the Day of Judgement, we will all be together in one place.’” (Tabarani, Musnand Imam Ahmed from Kanzul Ummaal).

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Huzaifah bin Yamaan – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates: “Once my mother asked me, ‘From when have you been connected with the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –?’ I replied since a certain time. I then said to her, ‘O my beloved mother! Allow me to leave, I wish to read the Maghrib Salaah with the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. I will then remain with him until he seeks pardon for me and for you, O my beloved mother.’ I then went and performed the Maghrib Salaah with him and continued to sit there. He then performed the ‘Isha Salaah and everyone left after the Salaah. Something then occurred and he then began to make Du’a. After the Du’a, he recognized my voice and said, ‘O Huzaifah!’ I replied, ‘I am present, O Prophet of Allah’. He asked, ‘How did you come? Allah Almighty has pardoned you and your mother.’ He then said, ‘O Huzaifah! An angel has just arrived who has never come to earth before. He had sought permission from Allah Almighty to come and make Salaam to me. Allah Almighty gave him permission to do so and he had also revealed the following to me, ‘Fathima is the leader of the females in Jannah and Hasan and Husain are the leaders of the young people in Jannah.’” (Ibn Jareer from Kanzul Ummaal, Tirmidhi Shareef, Manaaqib Hasanain)

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “There is a place in Jannah which is called ‘Wasilah’. When you make Du’a to Allah Almighty then seek from Him (the place of Wasilah) for me’. The blessed Ashaab asked, ‘O Prophet of Allah! Will there be others with you at this place?’ He replied, ‘‘Ali, Fathima, Hasan and Husain’” (ibn Marduyah, Kanzul Ummaal)

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Ayub Ansaari – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates: “Once the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – mentioned to Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her –, ‘Among our Ahle Bayt, the Nabi among us is the best of the Ambiya and he is your father, and our Martyr is the best among the Martyrs and he is the uncle of your father, in other words, Hadrat Ameer Hamza – may Allah be pleased with him –.’ He then continued, ‘Among the Ahle Bayt is also that person who is able to travel in Jannah with his two wings wherever he wishes and he is the son of your father’s uncle, (Abu Taalib) namely Jafer Tayyar. In the Ahle Bayt there are also Sibtain (Hasan and Husain) in this Ummah and they are your sons, Hasan and Husan and among us also, there will be the Mahdi.’” (Tabarani Sagheer from Majma’uz Zawaa’id)

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with them – narrates that the last few words of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – in this world was that, “We should take care of his Ahle Bayt”. (Tabarani Awsat)

 

This is also the reason that there is a statement of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – which is recorded in the Bukhari Shareef that, ‘We should respect the Ahle Bayt because of their connection (and relationship) with the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.” (Bukhari Shareef).

 

Khateeb in the Taarik-e-Baghdad records from Hadrat Sayyiduna Uqbah bin Amir Jahni and Imam Tabarani in the Mu’jam Awsat record from Hadrat Sayyiduna Uqbah and Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas – may Allah be pleased with them – and Azadi record from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated that, “When Jannah came to know of the arrival of Hasan and Husain that they will enter (this place), it began to dance with such joy like how a bride dances with joy.” (Fatawa Radawiyyah)

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Zaid bin Arqam – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – once addressing Sayyidah Fathima, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali and Imam Hasan and Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with them – declared, “Those who have fought against you, this is my war and those who have made peace with you, it is peace with me.” (Tirmidhi Shareef, Manaaqib Fathima)

 

Sayyidah Umme Salmah Ummul Mo’mineen – may Allah be pleased with her –, narrates that once the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – said to Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with him – to bring her husband and both her sons. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then placed a sheet over them which was part of my bedding and had come from the spoils of Khyber. He then made Du’a, “O Allah Almighty! This is Ale Muhammad, please send such blessings and mercy upon Ale Muhammad as you sent mercy and blessings upon Ale Ebrahim. Without doubt, All Praise and Grace is for You.” Sayyidah Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her – narrates, “I then picked up one corner of the sheet so that I can also enter but the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – took it away from my hand and stated, ‘You are already (a person of) goodness.’” (Ibn Asaakir from Kanzul Ummaal)

 

The same narration is to be found ibn Abi Shaybah in which it is reported that she asked, “O Prophet of Allah! Am I also (part of the Ahle Bayt) and he replied, ‘yes you also.’”

 

Hadrat Zainab binte Abi Salmah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was once in the house of Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her –. He then made Hasan sit on one side of him, Husain sit on the other side and he also allowed Fathima to sit as well and then declared, “O Ahle Bayt, upon you is the Divine Mercy of Allah Almighty and His Divine Benediction. Allah Almighty is indeed worthy of Praise and Great.” Zainab admits that she and Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her – were asleep, however, Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with him – began to weep. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then looked at her and asked, “Why are you crying?” She replied, “You have taken them and not me and my daughter?” He replied, “You and your daughter are among the Ahle Bayt”. (Ibn Asaakir, Tabarani Kabeer from Kanzul Ummaal)

 

These and previous narrations also clearly prove beyond a shadow of doubt that the blessed wives of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – are also part of the Ahle Bayt. As a matter of fact, in the Holy Qur’an the word Ahle Bayt is also used to indicate the wife or wives of someone. This has already be described prior to this.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Nasr bin Jahni – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that he was informed by Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali bin Jafer – may Allah be pleased with him -, who was informed by his brother Hadrat Sayyiduna Moosa (Kaazim) bin Jafer Saadiq – may Allah be pleased with him -, who mentions that he was informed by his father, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Jafer Saadiq – may Allah be pleased with him -, who was informed by his father Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad Baaqir – may Allah be pleased with him -, who narrates from his father Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali bin Husain (Imam Zainul Aabideen) – may Allah be pleased with him -, who narrates from his father, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him -, who narrates from his father Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him -, that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – once held the hands of Imam Hasan and Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with them – and stated, “He who loves me and these two and their mother and father, on the Day of Judgement, they will be with me.” (Tirmidhi Shareef, Manaaqib Hadrat ‘Ali)

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that once Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – placed a shawl and sat on this shawl. He then made ‘Ali, Fathima, Hasan and Husain sit on this shawl. He then held of the corner of this shawl and made Du’a, “O Allah Almighty please be pleased with them as I am pleased with them.” (Majma’uz Zawaahid)

 

From this we come to realise that if the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – utters words of this nature for someone, what must be the actual state and stature of these people!

 

This also proves that in their entire life, whatever actions they had performed, Allah Almighty and also His beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – pleased with them. In other words, they have never performed such activities in their life which displeased the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Therefore, we can safely conclude that the battle which occurred between Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and Hadrat Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him –, in this regard, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – was on truth and Hadrat Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – had erred in his judgement. At the same time, since this was a judgement of error, he is also entitled to Divine Pardon because misjudgement in ‘Ijtihad also carries with it a single reward.

 

In like manner, the Battle of Karbala was something in which Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was on the truth. As for those who in their ignorance say that Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was incorrect when making his decision to go to Karbala should heed the above words of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.