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عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ عَنْ مَعْمَر ٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ الْمُنْکَدِرِ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ: سَئَلْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہِ r عَنْ اَوَّلِ شَیْءٍ خَلَقَہُ اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی، فَقَالَ : ھُوَ نُوْرُ نَبِیِّکَ یَا جَابِرُ۔

Imam Abdur Razzaaq narrates from Ma’mar, from Ibn Al-Munkadir, from Hazrat Jabir t, He said, “I asked the Messenger of Allah about the first thing that Allah Almighty created.” “It’s the light of your Prophet, O Jabir” he – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – replied.

(Al-Juz’ Al-Mafqood Min Al-Musannaf Li Abdir Razzaaq p. 63-64)

There are three narrators mentioned in this Hadeeth’s chain of narrators:

1. Imam Abdur Razzaaq

2. Hazrat Ma’mar Ibn Raashid

3. Hazrat Ibn Al-Munkadir

Let us examine all the narrators and their authenticity and authority on narrating Hadeeth in order to establish the status of the Hadeeth in the light of the science of Asma Al-Rijaal.

1. Imam Abdur Razzaaq:

Imam Abdur Razzaaq is a very reliable and truthful Muhaddith.

Imam Ahmad Ibn Saleh asked Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, “Do you know of anyone else other than Imam Abdur Razzaaq to be more knowledgeable in the faculty of Hadeeth?” He replied, “No.”

(Tahdheeb al-Tahdheeb, Vol. 6, p. 311, Meezaan Al-I’tidaal Vol. 2, p. 614)

Imam Abu Zar’ah says, “Imam Abdur Razzaaq is amongst the ‘Ulama whose Ahadeeth are trustworthy.”

(Tahdheeb al-Tahdheeb, Vol. 6, p. 311)

Imam Abu Bakr narrates from Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal saying, “The Ahadeeth which Imam Abdur Razzaaq narrates from Ma’mar, are dearer to me than the ones people of Basrah narrate.”

(Tahdheeb al-Tahdheeb, Vol. 6, p. 312)

Imam Yahya Ibn Ma’een also regards the Ahadeeth of Imam Abdur Razzaaq, from Ma’mar, to be trustworthy.

(Tahdheeb al-Tahdheeb, Vol. 6, p. 312)

Ya’qoob Ibn Shaibah and Ali Ibn Madeeni regard the Imam as trustworthy (Thiqah).

(Tahdheeb al-Tahdheeb, Vol. 6, p. 312)

The Imam of Al-Jarh Wal-Ta’deel (A science dedicated to examining Hadeeth to point out the status of its authenticity) Yahya Ibn Ma’een says:

لَوِ ارْتَدَّ عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ مَا تَرَکْنَا حَدِیْثَہ

We would not abandon the Hadeeth of Imam Abdur Razzaaq (Allah forbid!) even if he (hypothetically speaking) became a disbeliever.

(Tahdheeb al-Tahdheeb, Vol. 6, p. 314, Meezaan Al-I’tidaal Vol. 2, p. 612)

Imam Ibn Hajar ‘Asqalaani has written him to be Thiqah and Hafiz[1].

(Taqreeb al-Tahdheeb, p. 213)

Imam Dhahbi has written him to be “Thiqah” and “A famous scholar”.

(Meezaan Al-I’tidaal Vol. 2, p. 609)

Imam Dhahbi has considered him as “A great Hafiz”.

(Siyar Al-A’laam Wal-Nobala, Vol. 7, p. 117)

Apart from the recommendations from the masters of all the Muhaddithneen of all times, there are many other evidences as well which prove his authority in the science of Hadeeth.

Imam Abdur Razzaaq has been the major narrator in all the six most authentic Hadeeth collections known as “Sihah Sittah”, especially in Bukhari and Muslim.

There are 120 Ahadeeth, narrated in Bukhari from Imam Abdur Razzaaq, and 50+ amongst them are “from Abdur Razzaaq, from Ma’mar”.

There are 289 Ahadeeth narrated in Muslim from Imam Abdur Razzaaq, and amongst thom, 277 are “from Abdur Razzaaq, from Ma’mar”.

The biography of Imam Abdur Razzaaq also appears on the pages of the following books:

ü Al-Tabaqaat Al-Kubra Li Ibn Sa’d Vol. 5, p. 545

ü Al-Tareekh Al-Kabeer Lil-Bukhari Vol. 6, p. 130

ü Al-Jarh Wal-Ta’deel Li Ibn Abi Hatim Raazi Vol. 6, p. 38

ü Kitaab Al-Thiqaat Li Ibn Hibbaan Vol. 8, p. 412

ü Tadhkiratul Huffaaz Lil-Dhahbi Vol. 2, p. 27

ü Al-Kamil Li Ibn ‘Adiy Vol. 5, p. 1948

ü Rijaal Sahih Al-Bukhari Lil-Kalabaadhi Vol. 2, p. 496

ü Rijaal Sahih Muslim Vol. 2, p. 8

ü Al-Jam’u Bainal-Saheehain Vol. 1, p. 328

ü Al-Kamil Fi al-Tareekh Li Ibn Atheer Vol. 6, p. 406

ü Al-Tabsirah Vol. 2, p. 270

ü Tahdheeb Al-Kamaal Lil-Muzzi Vol. 18, p. 52

ü Al-Bidayah Wal-Nihayah Li Ibn Katheer Vol. 10, p. 265

ü Sharh ‘Ilal Al-Tirmidhi Li Ibn Rajab Vol. 2, p. 577

ü Al-Nujoom Al-Zaahirah Vol. 2, p. 202

ü Al-Tareekh Li Ibn Ma’een Vol. 2, p. 362

ü Al-‘Uyoon Wal-Hadaa’iq Vol. 3, p. 371

2. Imam Ma’mar Ibn raashid:

The second narrator in this chain is Hazrat Ma’mar Ibn Raashid – may Allah be pleased with him – who is a very great scholar and Hadeeth master.

Imam Dhahbi says, “Ma’mar Ibn Raashid, the Imam, Hafiz, Shaikh Al-Islam Abu ‘Urwah Ibn Abi ‘Umar, was born in the year 95 or 96 A.H. He attended the funeral of Hazrat Imam Hasan Basri – may Allah be pleased with him.”

(Siyar Al-A’laam Wal-Nobala Vol. 7, p. 5)

He too was an important narrator in Bukhari and Muslim. There are 200+ Ahadeeth narrated from him in Bukhari.

There are 300 Ahadeeth narrated from him in Muslim.

His biography can be found in the following books:

ü Al-Tabaqaat Al-Kubra Li Ibn Sa’d Vol. 5, p. 546

ü Tareekh Kabeer Lil Bukhari Vol. 7, p. 378

ü Tareekh Sagheer Lil Bukhari Vol. 2, p. 115

ü Al-Jarh Wal-Ta’deel Vol. 8, p. 255

ü Kitab Al-Thiqaat Vol. 7, p. 484

ü Siyar Al-A’laam Wal-Nobala Vol. 7, p. 5

ü Tadhkiratul Huffaaz Vol. 1, p. 190

ü Meezaan Al-I’tidaal Vol. 4, p. 154

ü Tahdheeb Al-Tahdheeb Vol. 10, p. 243

ü Taqreeb Al-Tahdheeb p. 344

ü Tahdheeb Al-Kamaal Vol. 28, p. 303

ü Shadhraat Al-Dhahab Vol. 1, p. 235

3. Muhammad Ibn Al-Munkadir

He is the third narrator in this chain.

Imam Dhahbi writes about him, “The Imam, Hafiz, Shaikh Al-Islam Abu ‘Abdillah Al-Qarashi Al-Madani, was born after the year 30 A.H. He took Ahadeeth from Hazrat ‘Ayeshah – may Allah be pleased with her, Hazrat Abu Hurairah, Hazrat Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar, Hazrat Jabir, Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Abbaas, Hazrat Ibn Zubair, Hazrat Rabee’ah Ibn Zubair and his father etc. – may Allah be pleased with them – and a large number of the great Muhadditheen or Hadeeth Masters have taken Ahadeeth from him. Imam Azam Abu Haneefah, Imam Zohri, Hishaam Ibn ‘Urwah, Moosa Ibn Uqbah, Ibn Juraij, Yahya Ibn Sa’eed, Ma’mar, Imam Malik, Imam Ja’far Sadiq, Imam She’bah, Hazrat Sufyan Al-Thauri, Hazrat Uthmaan ‘Uyainah and Imam Auzaa’i etc. – may Allah be pleased with them – took Ahadeeth from him.”

(Siyar Al-A’laam Wal-Nobala Vol. 5, p. 353-361)

There are more than 30 Ahadeeth narrated from him in Bukhari.

There are 22 Ahadeeth narrated from him in Muslim.

29 narrations of Hazrat Jabir – may Allah be pleased with him – in Bukhari and 14 in Muslim are narrated by Ibn Al-Munkadir.

His biography is mentioned in the following books:

ü Tahdheeb Al-Tahdheeb Vol. 9, p. 473

ü Taqreeb Al-Tahdheeb p. 320

ü Tahdheeb Al-Kamaal Vol. 26, p. 503.

Alhamdulillah, it has now been proven that the Hadeeth “Noor” of Sayyiduna Jabir – may Allah be pleased with him – is Sahih (authentic) and there is no weak link in this Sanad or chain.

And Allah Almighty and His Beloved Rasool Know Best!