فَلْیَنۡظُرِ الْاِنۡسٰنُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ ؕ﴿۵﴾

So man must consider from what he has been created.

 خُلِقَ مِنۡ مَّآءٍ دَافِقٍ ۙ﴿۶﴾

Created from a gushing fluid.

یَّخْرُجُ مِنۡۢ بَیۡنِ الصُّلْبِ وَ التَّرَآئِبِ ؕ﴿۷﴾

That is issued from between the backs and the breasts.

 اِنَّہٗ عَلٰی رَجْعِہٖ لَقَادِرٌ ؕ﴿۸﴾

Indeed Allah is Able to return him.

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                             التفسیر الکبیر                        

أَنَّ الْوَلَدَ مَخْلُوقٌ مِنَ الْمَاءِ الَّذِي يَخْرُجُ مِنْ صُلْبِ الرَّجُلِ وَتَرَائِبِ الْمَرْأَةِ.

i.e. a child is born from the fluid that originates from the back of the man and the chest of the woman.

رُوِيَ أَنَّهُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ قَالَ: «إِذَا غَلَبَ مَاءُ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ الْوَلَدُ ذَكَرًا وَيَعُودُ شبه إِلَيْهِ وَإِلَى أَقَارِبِهِ، وَإِذَا غَلَبَ مَاءُ الْمَرْأَةِ فَإِلَيْهَا وَإِلَى أَقَارِبِهَا يَعُودُ الشَّبَهُ»

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is reported to have said:  When the semen of the male overpowers, a male child is born and looks more like the father and his relatives and when the semen of the woman overpowers, the child looks more like her and her relatives.

وَالْمَعْنَى أَنَّ الَّذِي قَدَرَ عَلَى خَلْقِ الْإِنْسَانِ ابْتِدَاءً وَجَبَ أَنْ يَقْدِرَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ عَلَى رَدِّهِ حَيًّا

i.e. Indeed the One who had the power to create the mankind to begin with, it is obvious that He will definitely have the power to revive him after the death. 

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

قَالَ الْحَسَنُ: الْمَعْنَى: يَخْرُجُ مِنْ صُلْبِ الرَّجُلِ وَتَرَائِبِ الرَّجُلِ، وَمِنْ صُلْبِ الْمَرْأَةِ وَتَرَائِبِ الْمَرْأَةِ. ثُمَّ إِنَّا نَعْلَمُ أَنَّ النُّطْفَةَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ أَجْزَاءِ الْبَدَنِ، وَلِذَلِكَ يُشْبِهُ الرَّجُلُ وَالِدَيْهِ كَثِيرًا. وَهَذِهِ الْحِكْمَةُ فِي غَسْلِ جَمِيعِ الْجَسَدِ مِنْ خُرُوجِ الْمَنِيِّ.

 وَأَيْضًا الْمُكْثِرُ مِنَ الْجِمَاعِ يَجِدُ وَجَعًا فِي ظَهْرِهِ وَصُلْبِهِ، وَلَيْسَ ذَلِكَ إِلَّا لِخُلُوِّ صُلْبِهِ عَمَّا كَانَ مُحْتَبِسًا مِنَ الْمَاءِ.

Sayyiduna Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  i.e. the fluid that originates from the backs and the chests of men and women.  Moreover, we also know the semen is extracted from all the body-parts collectively.  It is for this reason that a male child often looks more identical to his father.  This is the wisdom behind making the Ghusl of the entire body when the semen is discharged. 

Also, the one who indulges often in sexual intercourses inflicts back and pain in one’s spine which can only occur due to one losing the nutrients which had been retained in the fluids.

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{فَلْيَنْظُرْ الْإِنْسَان} نَظَر اِعْتِبَار {مِمَّ خُلِقَ} مِنْ أي شيء

{خلق من ماء دافق} مِنْ الرَّجُل وَالْمَرْأَة فِي رَحِمهَا

{يَخْرُج مِنْ بَيْن الصُّلْب} لِلرَّجُلِ {وَالتَّرَائِب} لِلْمَرْأَةِ وَهِيَ عِظَام الصَّدْر

{إِنَّهُ} تَعَالَى {عَلَى رَجْعه} بَعْث الْإِنْسَان بَعْد مَوْته {لَقَادِر} فَإِذَا اِعْتَبَرَ أَصْله عَلِمَ أَنَّ الْقَادِر عَلَى ذَلِكَ قَادِر عَلَى بَعْثه

So let man consider, by way of reflection, from what he was created, from that essence.

He was created from a gushing fluid, gushing forth from the man and the woman into the womb.

Issuing from between the loins, of the man, and the breast-bones, of the woman.

Assuredly He, exalted be He, is able to bring him back, to resurrect man after his death; and so when he reflects on his origins, he will realize that the One who was able to do this is also able to resurrect him.

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

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