وَ مَا خَلَقَ الذَّکَرَ وَ الْاُنۡثٰۤی ۙ﴿۳﴾

And by (oath of) the One Who created the male and the female.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

وَفِي الْمُرَادِ بِالذَّكَرِ وَالْأُنْثَى قَوْلَانِ:

 أَحَدُهُمَا: آدَمُ وَحَوَّاءُ، قَالَهُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَالْحَسَنُ وَالْكَلْبِيُّ.

الثَّانِي: يَعْنِي جَمِيعَ الذُّكُورِ وَالْإِنَاثِ مِنْ بَنِي آدَمَ وَالْبَهَائِمِ، لِأَنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى خَلَقَ جَمِيعَهُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَى مِنْ نَوْعِهِمْ.

There are two views pertaining to the creation of “male and female” in the verse:

  1. It signifies Sayyiduna Adam – peace be upon him – and Sayyidah Hawwa – may Allah be pleased with her, according to Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas, Sayyiduna Hasan and Sayyiduna Kalbi – may Allah be pleased with them.
  2. It means the entire male and female race; the humans thereof and the animal species, for Allah Almighty created all of them from a male and a female of their own species.

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

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