Download PDF: S112 V002 Tafseer of Ahlus Sunnah تفسیر اھل السنۃ

 

اَللہُ الصَّمَدُ ۚ﴿۲﴾

“Allah the Independent, Care free.”

 

Tafsir al-Tabari                                                             تفسیر الطبری

الْمَعْبُودُ الَّذِي لَا تَصْلُحُ الْعِبَادَةُ إِلَّا لَهُ الصَّمَدُ.

The One and only worthy of worship, Al-Samad.

 

عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ أَنَّهُ قَالَ: {الصَّمَدُ} [الإخلاص: 2] : «الَّذِي لَا يَأْكُلُ الطَّعَامَ، وَلَا يَشْرَبُ الشَّرَابَ»

Sayyiduna Sha’bi – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said regarding ‘Al-Samad’, “The one who does not eat food or drink water.”

 

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri t D. 310 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                        تفسیر البغوی

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ: هُوَ السَّيِّدُ الَّذِي قَدْ كَمُلَ فِي جَمِيعِ أَنْوَاعِ السُّؤْدُدِ

Sayyiduna Ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said, “He is the perfect Master in all aspects of Glory.”

وَقَالَ قَتَادَةُ: الصَّمَدُالْبَاقِي بَعْدَ فَنَاءِ خَلْقِهِ.

Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “Al-Samad means the one who will exist after the destruction of His creation.”

 

قَالَ عِكْرِمَةُ: الصَّمَدُالَّذِي لَيْسَ فَوْقَهُ أَحَدٌ، وَهُوَ قَوْلُ عَلِيٍّ.

Sayyiduna ‘Ikramah – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “Al-Samad is He, there is none above Him”, and it is the statement of Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him.

 

قَالَ مُقَاتِلُ بْنُ حَيَّانَ: الَّذِي لَا عَيْبَ فِيهِ.

Sayyiduna Muqatil ibn Hayyan – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “One free of any defects.”

 

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                 التفسیر الکبیر

هُوَ السَّيِّدُ الْمَصْمُودُ إِلَيْهِ فِي الْحَوَائِجِ

He is the Master whom we turn at times of need.

 

رَوَى ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ: «أَنَّهُ لَمَّا نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الْآيَةُ قَالُوا: مَا الصَّمَدُ؟ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ هُوَ السَّيِّدُ الَّذِي يُصْمَدُ إِلَيْهِ فِي الْحَوَائِجِ»

Sayyiduna Ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – reported:  When this verse was revealed, they asked, “What is Al-Samad?”  The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – replied, “He is the Master whom we turn to in needs.”

 

الصَّمَدُ هُوَ الْغَنِيُّ عَلَى مَا قَالَ: هُوَ الْغَنِيُّ الْحَمِيدُ [الْحَدِيدِ: 24]

Al-Samad is He who is self-sufficient; as He has stated:

ہُوَ الْغَنِیُّ الْحَمِیۡدُ ﴿۲۴﴾

Allah is the Self-Sufficient, All Praised.

(Al-Hadeed 57, Verse 24)

 

الصَّمَدُ الَّذِي لَيْسَ فَوْقَهُ أَحَدٌ لِقَوْلِهِ: وَهُوَ الْقاهِرُ فَوْقَ عِبادِهِ [الْأَنْعَامِ: 18]

Al-Samad is He there is none above him, as in Allah’s statement:

وَ ہُوَ الْقَاہِرُ فَوْقَ عِبَادِہٖ ؕ

And He is all Dominant over His bondmen.

(Al-An’am 6, Verse 18)

 

قَالَ قَتَادَةُ: لَا يَأْكُلُ وَلَا يَشْرَبُ: وَهُوَ يُطْعِمُ وَلا يُطْعَمُ [الْأَنْعَامِ: 14]

Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “He does eat or drink:

ہُوَ یُطْعِمُ وَ لَا یُطْعَمُ

And He feeds and is not fed.”

(Al-An’am 6, Verse 14)

 

قَالَ قَتَادَةُ: الْبَاقِي بَعْدَ فَنَاءِ خَلْقِهِ: كُلُّ مَنْ عَلَيْها فانٍ [الرَّحْمَنِ: 26]

Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “He will exist after the destruction of His creation:

کُلُّ مَنْ عَلَیۡہَا فَانٍ ﴿ۚۖ۲۶﴾

All that is on earth is to perish.

وَّ یَبْقٰی وَجْہُ رَبِّکَ ذُوالْجَلٰلِ وَ الْاِکْرَامِ ﴿ۚ۲۷﴾

All that is on earth is to perish.”

(Al-Rahman 55, Verse 26-27)

 

قَالَ الْحَسَنُ الْبَصْرِيُّ: الَّذِي لَمْ يَزَلْ وَلَا يَزَالُ، وَلَا يَجُوزُ عَلَيْهِ الزَّوَالُ كَانَ وَلَا مَكَانَ، وَلَا أَيْنَ وَلَا أَوَانَ، وَلَا عَرْشَ وَلَا كُرْسِيَّ، وَلَا جِنِّيَّ وَلَا إِنْسِيَّ وَهُوَ الْآنَ كَمَا كَانَ

Sayyiduna Hasan al-Basri – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “One who always existed and always will, and it is impossible for Him to cease to exist.  He always was without the being confined to a space, time, place; the ‘Arsh or Kursi.  He is neither Jinn nor human.  He exists now as He had always existed.”

 

قَالَ جَعْفَرٌ الصَّادِقُ: إِنَّهُ الَّذِي يَغْلِبُ وَلَا يُغْلَبُ

Imam Ja’far Sadiq – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “He is the One who dominates and is not dominated.”

 

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ: الَّذِي يُصْمَدُ إِلَيْهِ فِي الْحَاجَاتِ، كَمَا قَالَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ: ثُمَّ إِذا مَسَّكُمُ الضُّرُّ فَإِلَيْهِ  تَجْئَرُونَ [النحل: 53].

Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said, “The One whom we turn to in needs; as the Almighty has stated:

ثُمَّ اِذَا مَسَّکُمُ الضُّرُّ فَاِلَیۡہِ تَجْـَٔرُوۡنَ ﴿ۚ۵۳﴾

When trouble approaches you, to Him you seek shelter.”

(Al-Nahl 16, Verse 53)

 

قَالَ أَهْلُ اللُّغَةِ: الصَّمَدُ: السَّيِّدُ الَّذِي يُصْمَدُ إِلَيْهِ فِي النَّوَازِلِ وَالْحَوَائِجِ.

The linguists have said, “Al-Samad means the One whom we turn to in calamities and needs.”

 

Tafsir Qurbuti (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Baidawi                                                                                                                      تفسیر البیضاوی

السيد المصمود إليه في الحوائج ۔۔۔فإنه يستغني عن غيره مطلقاً، وكل ما عداه محتاج إليه في جميع جهاته

The Master to whom we turn in needs, for He is independent of others and everything besides Him is dependent on Him in all aspects.

 

Tafsir al-Baidawi (Anwaar al-Tanzeel wa Asraar al-Taweel) of Imam Qadhi Abdullah ibn Umar al-Shiraazi al-Baidawi t D. 685 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین

أَيْ الْمَقْصُود فِي الْحَوَائِج عَلَى الدَّوَام

i.e. the One Who is always sought at times of need.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

 

Tafsir Rooh al-Ma’ani                                                  تفسیر روح المعانی

 

قال ابن الأنباري لا خلاف بين أهل اللغة أنه السيد الذي ليس فوقه أحد الذي يصمد إليه الناس في حوائجهم وأمورهم.

Ibn al-Anbari said, “There is no difference of opinion among the linguists that it means, ‘Such a Master, there is none above Him whom people turn to in their needs and affairs.”

 

في الحديث: «السيد الله» .

Hadeeth: “The Master is Allah.”

 

Tafsir Rooh al-Ma’aani (Tafsir Alusi) of Imam Shahaabuddin Mahmood ibn Abdullah al-Husaini al-Alusi al-Baghdadi  D. 1270 A.H.

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