Download PDF: The excellence of the blessed city of Makkah Mukarramah

لَاۤ اُقْسِمُ بِہٰذَا الْبَلَدِ ۙ﴿۱﴾

I swear by this City;
وَ اَنۡتَ حِلٌّۢ بِہٰذَا الْبَلَدِ ۙ﴿۲﴾

And O beloved! you are dwelling in this city;

(Al-Balad 90, Verse 1-2)

Allah Almighty has taken oath of the blessed city of Makkah which endorses the greatness and excellence of this city.  Is it because the Holy Ka’bah is situated there or is it that the black stone and Maqaam al Ibrahimi are there? Nay, it is due to something which has revealed in His own words as follows:

وَ اَنۡتَ حِلٌّۢ بِہٰذَا الْبَلَدِ ۙ﴿۲﴾

And O beloved! you are dwelling in this city;

The reason that He has taken the oath of the city of Makkah Mukarramah is because it has accommodated the blessed personality of the beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him.

This holy city is also known by other names; such as, Ummul Qura, Saayyid al-Bilaad and Al-Balad al-Ameen.  Allah Almighty has loved this region so much that He made it the attraction of the entire world and chose this region for His house the Holy Ka’bah:

اِنَّ اَوَّلَ بَیۡتٍ وُّضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِیْ بِبَکَّۃَ مُبَارَکًا وَّہُدًی لِّلْعٰلَمِیۡنَ﴿ۚ۹۶﴾

Verily, the first House among all marked for the worship of the people is that which is in (Mecca) abounding in blessings and a guide of all world.

(Aale Imran 3, Verse 96)

 

Hadeeth:

Hazrat Abdullilah ibn ‘Adi – may Allah be pleased with him – has reported:

I have heard the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – stating about the city of Makkah, “I swear by Allah, you are the most sacred amongst the entire earth of Allah, and you are beloved to Allah.  If I had not been forced to leave, I would have never forsaken you.”

(Mishkaat, Ibn Majah)

 

Hadeeth:

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – reported that our beloved Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has addressed the city of Makkah and stated, “You are such a holy city and very dear to me.”

(Tirmidhi, Mishkaat)

 

Construction of the Holy Ka’bah:

There are verious narrations in regards to the construction of the Holy Ka’bah.  According to one narration:

  • The angels constructed the Holy Ka’bah by the Command of Allah Almighty.
  • Sayyiiduna Adam – peace be upon him – descended from the heaven on the earth he traveled to Makkah Mukarramah with Sayyiduna Jibreel – peace be pon him – and constructed the Holy Ka’bah.

After the flood of Sayyiduna Nooh – peace be upon him – all that remained was a bump which a slightly red in colour.

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – reported that at the time of the flood, Allah Almighty turned the ark of Sayyiduna Nooh – peace be upon him, which consisted of 80 persons, towards the direction of Makkah Mukarramah, and it made the Tawaaf of the Holy Ka’bah day and night.

(Tafseer ibn Katheer Vol. 2, p. 447)

 

Sayyiduna Ibrahim – peace be upon him – reconstructed the Holy Ka’bah 400 years after the flood of Sayyiduna Nooh – peace be upon him – by the Command of Allah Almighty.  When he and his son Sayyiduna Ismail – peace be upon him – started to dig for the initial construction its original foundation was discovered.  The angels gathered stones from five mountains to be used in the construction:

  1. Mount Toor Sena
  2. Toor Zaitoon
  3. Mount Lebanon
  4. Mount Judi
  5. Mount Hira

Sayyiduna Ismail – peace be upon him – would pass the stones while Sayyiduna Ibrahim – peace be upon him – did the constructed.

(Tareekh Makkah Mukarramah Vol. 2, p. 43; Tafseer Mazhari Vol. 2, p. 224)

 

It has also been documented that various persons reconstructed the Holy Ka’bah in different time-periods;

  • The Jurhum tribe
  • The nation of Amaliqah
  • Qusay ibn Kelab
  • Quraish
  • Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Zubair – may Allah be pleased with him
  • Hajjaj ibn Yusuf

(Tareekh Makkah Mukarramah Vol. 2, p. 43)

 

Both the father and the son; Sayyiduna Ibrahim and Ismail – peace be upon them – made the following Du’a during the construction of the Holy Ka’bah:

وَ اِذْ یَرْفَعُ اِبْرٰہٖمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَیۡتِ وَ اِسْمٰعِیۡلُؕ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّاؕ اِنَّکَ اَنۡتَ السَّمِیۡعُ الْعَلِیۡمُ﴿۱۲۷﴾

And when Ibrahim was raising the foundations of this house and Ismail (too) praying, O Our Lord accept from us, undoubtedly, You alone hear and know’.

(Al-Baqarah 2, Verse 127)

 

He also made the following during that time:

رَبَّنَا وَابْعَثْ فِیۡہِمْ رَسُوۡلًا مِّنْہُمْ یَتْلُوۡا عَلَیۡہِمْ اٰیٰتِکَ وَیُعَلِّمُہُمُ الْکِتٰبَ وَالْحِکْمَۃَ وَیُزَکِّیۡہِمْؕ اِنَّکَ اَنۡتَ الۡعَزِیۡزُ الۡحَکِیۡمُ﴿۱۲۹﴾٪

‘O Our Lord, and send in them a messenger from among themselves, who may recite to them Your signs and teach them Your Book and wise knowledge and may purify them well. Surely, You are alone the Predominant, the Wise.

(Al-Baqarah 2, Verse 129)

 

Their Du’as were answered and from their offspring, our beloved Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – was born.  In other words, he was the Du’a of Sayyiduna Ibrahim and Ismail – peace be upon him.

 

Sayyiduna Irbaaz ibn Sariyah – may Allah be pleased with him – has reported that the beloved Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has stated:

اَنَا دَعْوَۃُ اَبِیْ اِبْرَاھِیْمَ وَبَشَارَۃُ عِیْسٰی

I am the Du’a of my father Ibrahim – peace be upon him – and the glad tiding of ‘Isa – peace be upon him.

(Musnad Ahmed, Tafseer Ibn Katheer Vol. 2, p. 184)

 

Excellence of the Holy Ka’bah:

 

Hadeeth:

Any Du’a asked at the first glance of the Holy Ka’bah will be answered.

(Kanzul ‘Ummaal Vol. 4, p. 458)

 

Hadeeth:

Ummul Mu’mineen Sayyidah Ayesha – may Allah be pleased with her – reports that the beloved Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has stated:

اَلنَّظْرُ   اِلَی الْکَعْبَۃِ عِبَادَۃٌ

To look at the Holy Ka’bah is an act of worship.

(Kanzul ‘Ummaal Vol. 4, p. 458)

 

Hadeeth:

Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – reports that our beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:

120 Mercies of Allah descend on the Holy Ka’bah;

  • 60 are reserved for the ones who make Tawaaf of it
  • 40 for those who pray Salah there
  • 20 for those who look at it.

(Bayhaqi p. 105)

 

Salah performed in the Sacred Mosque of the Holy Ka’bah is multiplied 100,000 folds

Hadeeth:

Sayyiduna Anas – may Allah be pleased with him – reports that the beloved Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has stated:

وَصَلٰوۃٌ فِیْ مَسْجِدِیْ خَمْسِیْنَ اَلْفَ صَلٰوۃٍ وَ صَلٰوتُہٗ فِیْ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ بِمِائَۃِ اَلْفِ صَلٰوۃٍ

The Salah in my mosque (Masjid al-Nabawi Shareef) is multiplied 50,000 folds and the Salah in Masjid al-Haraam is multiplied 100,000 folds (in reward).

(Ibn Majah Vol. 1, p. 102; Mishkaat p. 72)

 

Ka’bah arrives at the doorsteps of the beloved Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him

Hadeeth:

Hazrat Jabir – may Allah be pleased with him – reports that the beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated that the Holy Ka’bah will be decorated and brought at my grave on the day of Qiyamah:

فِتَقُوْلُ اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَیْکَ یَا مُحَمَّدُ

Peace be upon you, O Muhammad.

And then our beloved Master – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – will say, “O Ka’bah, how did my nation behave with you after me?”  The Holy Ka’bah will reply, “Ya RasoolAllah, those of your Ummah who visited me, I shall intercede Hofor them on the Day of Judgment, and as for those who did not visit me, please intercede for them.”

(Al-Durr al-Manthoor Vol. 1, p. 137)

 

The Black Stone is a Heavenly Stone:

Hajar Aswad is a stone from heaven which is situated at the south-easterly corner of the Holy Ka’bah and it has turned black due to excess sins of people.

 

Hadeeth:

Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – reported that the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has stated:

Hajar Aswad had come from Paradise and it was even whiter than milk but it has been blackened by people’s sins.

(Tirmidhi Vol. 1, p. 177; Mishkaat)

 

Hadeeth:

Ummul Mu’mineen Sayyidah Ayesha – may Allah be pleased with her – reported that the beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:

Whoever visits Hajar Aswad in the state of Iman, it will intercede for him on the Day of Judgment.

(Al-Durr al-Manthoor; Kanzul ‘Ummaal Vol. 12, p. 98)

 

Hadeeth:

Whatever Du’a a Muslim makes in the proximity of Hajar Aswad he will get his objective.

(Musannaf Abduz Razzaaq)

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