Download PDF: Blessings of Eid al-Fitr (Islamic Discourse)

Eid Al-Fitr is the name of the 1st day of the 10th Islam Calendar month Shawwaal.  The word Eid is made from the root word ‘Aud which means “to return”.  Since it’s the day of rejoicing, it is thus named Eid taking in good fortune i.e. many happy returns of the day.  Every occasion of happiness is now called Eid; such as, Eid Meeladun Nabi, Eid Al-Me’raaj etc.  The Eid Salah is performed to express gratitude for gaining the divine opportunity of worship in the month of Ramadan. (Mir’at Al-Manajeeh, Vol. 2, p. 355)

The Day of Eid which is also called The Day of Mercy falls on the 1st day of Shawwaal, and Shawwaal is named after Shaul which means “The rising of the tail of a she-camel”.  Hence, it was the month in which the Arabs used to go out of their houses for excursion and hunting, therefore it is called Shawwaal.  Allah Almighty descends mercy upon His servants on this blessed day, and it was on this day that Allah Almighty created the paradise and on this very day He created the tree namely Tooba therein.  He had chosen Hazrat Jibra’eel (peace be upon Him) for Wahiy and it was on this day the magicians of Pharaoh repented.  (Ghunyat Al-Taalibeen)

It was on the 4th day of this month the Mercy of the universe, our Prophet (peace be upon Him) went out to perform Mubaahala against the christians of Najraan.  The Battle of Uhad began on the 17th of this month in which the master of all the martyrs Hazrat Ameer Hamzah (may Allah be pleased with Him) was martyred.  The rest of the days of this month, since the 25th, were very unfortunate for the nation of ‘Aad in which Allah Almighty had destroyed this nation.  (‘Ajaaib Al-Makhlooqaat, p. 46)

The Concept Of Eid In The Light Of Quran

There were few other nations besides us, The Nation Of The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him), that had celebrated Eid; as the Quran bears witness:

فَنَظَرَ نَظْرَۃً فِی النُّجُوۡمِ ﴿ۙ۸۸﴾

 Then he cast a glance at the stars.
فَقَالَ اِنِّیۡ سَقِیۡمٌ ﴿۸۹﴾

  Then he said, ‘I am about to be sick’.

(Al-Saaffaat 37, Verse 88, 89)

When the nation of Hazrat Ibraheem (peace be upon Him) went out to celebrate Eid, He was left behind.  He said I am about to be sick and did not go with them, for He was not on their religion.  He took an axe and broke their idols after they had left and then He hanged the axe on the neck of the biggest idol.  They inquired Hazrat Ibraheem (peace be upon Him) as to who had done this to their idols.  When the intimate friend of Allah Hazrat Ibraheem (peace be upon Him) put Himself into trouble, by breaking the idols, for the sake of His Lord and endangered His life for the love of the Creator of mankind, then Allah Almighty had blessed Him with His friendship, brought the dead birds into life on His hands and created the Prophets and Messengers from His generation, and made Him the great grandfather of Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon Him), the greatest of personalities in the universe.

The second Eid was celebrated by the nation of the Kaleem of Allah (One who had a dialog with Allah) Hazrat Moosa (peace be upon Him); as the Glorious Quran bears states:

قَالَ مَوْعِدُکُمْ یَوْمُ الزِّیۡنَۃِ

  Musa said, ‘your promise is for the day of festival’

(Taha 20, Verse 59)

It was called the day of festival because Allah Almighty had provided Hazrat Moosa and His nation with a happy occasion by freeing them by the ruin of their enemy Pharaoh and his followers.  72 magicians came along with Pharaoh and his nation and they had 700 sticks and ropes.  They had filled the gap in between the sticks, which were wrapped with the ropes, with quicksilver while the people stood on the burning hot ground.  As the heat got extreme, the sticks that were wrapped with ropes began to move due to the melting quicksilver.  People started believing in what they saw to be true, although the sticks were not in motion.  Hazrat Moosa (peace be upon Him) feared in His heart, since many a people began to believe in the truthfulness of what they had seen, thus their faith weakened or they had turned into disbelievers.  Allah Almighty then commanded Hazrat Moosa to put down his stick.  Suddenly the stick tuned into the size of a giant snake as big as a fully grown camel, and swallowed their illustrative instruments.  The lava was oozing out of both its eyes and it looked extremely ferocious.  The snake came forward and swallowed all those sticks and ropes in a single gulp their neither fattened its belly nor did it increase in its width and length, nor did its movement slow.  As a result, the magicians fell into prostration.  The name of the greatest of them was Sham’oon.  They said, “We now became the believers” i.e. they had testified the truthfulness of the Lord of Hazrat Moosa and Haroon (peace be upon Them).  Thereafter, the snake proceeded towards the army of Pharaoh and his followers, and they ran away.  It is said that 50,000 of them died.

The third Eid was the Eid of Hazrat ‘Isa’s (peace be upon Him) nation.  Allah Almighty states:

قَالَ عِیۡسَی ابْنُ مَرْیَمَ اللّٰہُمَّ رَبَّنَاۤ اَنۡزِلْ عَلَیۡنَا مَآئِدَۃً مِّنَ السَّمَآءِ تَکُوۡنُ لَنَا عِیۡدًا لِّاَوَّلِنَا وَاٰخِرِنَا وَ اٰیَۃً مِّنۡکَ ۚ وَارْزُقْنَا وَاَنۡتَ خَیۡرُ الرّٰزِقِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱۴﴾

  Isa son of Maryam submitted, ‘O Allah our Lord, ‘send down to us a tray of food from the heaven so that it may be an occasion of rejoicing for us, for the first and the last of us and a sign from You, and provide for us and You are the best of Providers.

(Al-Ma’idah 5, Verse 114)

When His nation asked Him, “Is your Lord capable of sending down a tray of food from the heaven on your request?”  Hazrat ‘Isa (peace be upon Him) instructed them to fear Allah, and said, “if you are true believers, then do not make such demands, because, what if it’s sent down and even then you belie it; you will then be served with severe punishment.”  They said, “We want to eat from it because we are hungry and then our hearts will also be at peace.  We will also be sure of your proclamation of Prophethood.  When we go to Bani Israel, we will bear witness on the heavenly tray of food.”

They were the Hawaris (Helpers) when Hazrat ‘Isa (peace be upon Him) passed by them while they were in Bait Al-Maqdis; they believed in Him.  They used to keep their clothes white; this was also the reason that they were called Hawaris.  They were 12 people.  Hazrat ‘Isa (peace be upon Him) said:

فَلَمَّاۤ اَحَسَّ عِیۡسٰی مِنْہُمُ الْکُفْرَ قَالَ مَنْ اَنۡصَارِیۡۤ اِلَی اللہِؕ قَالَ الْحَوَارِیُّوۡنَ نَحْنُ اَنۡصَارُ اللہِۚ اٰمَنَّا بِاللہِۚ وَاشْہَدْ بِاَنَّا مُسْلِمُوۡنَ﴿۵۲﴾

  Then again when Is a found infidelity in them, said, ‘who become my helpers towards Allah’. The disciples said, ‘We are the helpers of the religion of God; We have believed in Allah and bear, you, witness that we are Muslims.

(Aale Imran 3, Vesre 52)

They followed and obeyed Him in the oneness of Allah.  Wherever they approached in earth, recited the glory of Allah Almighty.  They used to observe the miracles of Hazrat ‘Isa (peace be upon Him).  When they felt hungry and needed to eat, Hazrat ‘Isa (peace be upon Him) used to take out two slices of bread onto the ground for each and every one of them and then for Himself as well.  Hazrat Jibra’eel (peace be upon Him) used to walk along with Him and show Him the amazing things and provide Him help and support.  The more Hazrat ‘Isa (peace be upon Him) kept on showing Bani Israel His miracles the more they disobeyed Him, until the day came when the 5,000 Bani Israel travellers along with the Hawaris asked Him for the tray of food from the heaven.  Hazrat ‘Isa (peace be upon him) then asked Allah:

قَالَ عِیۡسَی ابْنُ مَرْیَمَ اللّٰہُمَّ رَبَّنَاۤ اَنۡزِلْ عَلَیۡنَا مَآئِدَۃً مِّنَ السَّمَآءِ تَکُوۡنُ لَنَا عِیۡدًا لِّاَوَّلِنَا وَاٰخِرِنَا وَ اٰیَۃً مِّنۡکَ ۚ وَارْزُقْنَا وَاَنۡتَ خَیۡرُ الرّٰزِقِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱۴﴾

  Isa son of Maryam submitted, ‘O Allah our Lord, ‘send down to us a tray of food from the heaven so that it may be an occasion of rejoicing for us, for the first and the last of us and a sign from You, and provide for us and You are the best of Providers.

(Al-Ma’idah 5, Verse 114)

Allah Almighty then answered His Du’a in the following manner:

قَالَ اللہُ اِنِّیۡ مُنَزِّلُہَا عَلَیۡکُمْ ۚ فَمَنۡ یَّکْفُرْ بَعْدُ مِنۡکُمْ فَاِنِّیۡۤ اُعَذِّبُہٗ عَذَابًا لَّاۤ اُعَذِّبُہٗۤ اَحَدًا مِّنَ الْعٰلَمِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱۵﴾

  Allah said, ‘I send it down to you, now therefore whoso of you will commit infidelity, then undoubtedly. I shall torment him with a torment wherewith I shall not punish to anyone in the entire Universe.

(Al-Ma’idah 5, Verse 115)

Allah almighty had sent down to them the tray of food from the heaven on Sunday, which contained fresh fish, flattened bread (roties/chapaatis) and dates, and according to another narration it was the tray containing fried fish with salt towards its head and vinegar towards its tail.  It had five slices of bread and each had olive on it, five pomegranates few dates encircled by vegetables excluding garlic.

All and sundry ate from it to the full of their capacity and expressed gratitude to their Lord.  Whichever poor ate from it became rich and remained rich for the rest of his life and whichever cripple or sick ate from it also became healthy.

Hazrat Muqaatil states:  Hazrat ‘Isa called and asked the nation, “Have you all eaten?”  They said, “Yes, we did.”  He then told them, “Do not keep anything.”  They said, “We will not keep anything,” but they did keep and saved the remainder which was equivalent to 24 yardsticks.  Only then they believed in Hazrat ‘Isa (peace be upon Him) and bore witness.  When they met their nation Bani Israel with the remainder food, Bani Israel did not spare them until they turned to be disbelievers.  They denied Allah Almighty and also the tray of food that was sent down to them.  When they were sleeping, Allah Almighty metamorphosed their faces into a lower species and turned them into pigs.  They all were men; there was no child or women among them.  (Ghunyat Al-Taalibeen, p. 475-479)


اِذَا کَانَ یَوْمُ عِیْدِھِمْ یَعْنِیْ یَوْمَ فِطْرِھِمْ بَاھٰی بِھِمْ مَلٰٓئِکَتَہٗ فَقَالَ مَا جَزَآءُ اَجِیْرٍ وَفّٰی عَمَلَہٗ؟  قَالُوْا رَبَّنَا جَزَآءُہٗ اَنْ یُّوَفّٰی اَجْرُہٗ قَالَ مَلٰٓئِکَتِیْ عَبِیْدِیْ وَاِمَائِیْ قَضَوْ فَرِیْضَتِیْ عَلَیْھِمْ ثُمَّ خَرَجُوْا یَعُجُّوْنَ اِلَی الدُّعَآءِ وَعِزَّتِیْ وَجَلَالِیْ وَکَرَمِیْ وَعُلُوِّیْ وَارْتِقَآءِ مَکَانِیْ لَاُجِیْبَنَّھُمْ فَیَقُوْلُ ارْجِعُوْ قَدْ غَفَرْتُ لَکُمْ وَبَدَّلْتُ سَیِّئَاتِکُمْ حَسَنَاتٍ قَالَ فَیَرْجِعُوْنَ مَغْفُوْرًا لَّھُمْ۔  رَوَاہُ الْبَیْھَقِیُّ فِیْ شُعَبِ الْاِیْمَانِ  (مِشْکٰوۃُ الْمَصَابِیْحِ)

Hadeeth:  When the day of Eid i.e Eid Al-Fitr comes; Allah shows the superiority of His servants over His angels and says, “What is the wages of a worker who completes his task?”  The angels say, “O our Lord, he must be rewarded abundantly.”  Allah Almighty states, “O angels! My male and female slaves have performed the obligation which was due to them from my side.  And then they left for Eid Gaah making Du’a.  I swear by my majesty, dignity, mercy and high status, I shall answer their prayers.”  He then says, “Return my servants.  I have forgiven you and changed your sins into virtues.”  The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said, “The people return forgiven.”

(Imam Baihaqi recorded it in Shu’ab Al-Imaan, [Mishkaat])

Islam recommends the following actions to be performed on the day of Eid:

  • To have a hair cut
  • Clipping the nails
  • To have a bath
  • Applying Miswak
  • To wear good clothes, preferably new, or else nicely washed clothes
  • Wearing a ring
  • Applying perfume
  • To perform Fajr Salah at the Masjid of one’s district
  • To be present at Eid Gaah early
  • To give charity (Fitrah) before Eid Salah
  • To take a walk to Eid Gaah (instead of using a mode of transport, provided it’s convenient)
  • To return through the other way
  • To eat a few dates prior to going for Eid Salah; either 3, 5 or 7 (in odd numbers), if one does not have dates, then eat anything sweet. (‘Aammah Kutub)

کَانَ النَّبِیُّ ﷺ لَا یَغْدُوْا یَوْمَ الْفِطْرِ حَتّٰی یَاْکُلَ تَمَرَاتٍ وَّ یَاْکُلُھُنَّ وِتْرًا۔  رَوَاہُ الْبُخَارِیُّ (مِشْکٰوۃُ الْمَصَابِیْحِ)

Hadeeth:  The Prophet (peace be upon Him used to leave for Eid Al-Fitr only after He had eaten some dates and He used to eat them in odd numbers.

(Bukhari, Mishkaat)

The Scholars of Islam and Hadeeth masters say that the wisdom behind the recommending of eating dates before leaving for Eid Salah is that it contains sugar, and this sweetness helps improve the eyesight that had weakened by continuously fasting.  Moreover, sweetness softens the heart and it’s suitable for Imaani temperament, and if one sees himself eating sweet in a dream, then its interpretation is that he will be blessed with the sweetness of Imaan, it is for this reason that Iftaar is recommended with something sweet; such as, honey and dates, but the dates have much more benefits, especially the dates of Madinah Munawwarah.  (Ma Thabata Bis Sunnah p. 198-199)

مَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ اَتْبَعَہٗ سِتًّا مِنْ شَوَّالٍ کَانَ کَصِیَامِ الدَّھْرِ۔  رَوَاہُ الْبُخَارِیُّ وَمُسْلِمٌ (مِشْکٰوۃُ الْمَصَابِیْحِ)

Hadeeth:  Whoso kept the fasts of the month of Ramadan and then follows it by six fasts of Shawwaal, is as if he fasted for his lifetime.

(Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkaat)