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Encyclopedic Facts about The Holy Quran

The Miracle and Wonders of the Quran:

As we have already said, there is no doubt in the Quran being the Divine Word of the Almighty, however, we will present a few examples in this regard which hopefully will make us understand this better also.

 

  1. The Holy Prophet – May Allah have mercy upon him – was not taught by anyone to read and write:

There is no doubt that this is also mentioned in Surah A’raf verse 157:

اَلَّذِیۡنَ یَتَّبِعُوۡنَ الرَّسُوۡلَ النَّبِیَّ الۡاُمِّیَّ الَّذِیۡ یَجِدُوۡنَہٗ مَکْتُوۡبًا عِنۡدَہُمْ فِی التَّوْرٰىۃِ وَالۡاِنْجِیۡلِ ۫ یَاۡمُرُہُمۡ بِالْمَعْرُوۡفِ وَیَنْہٰىہُمْ عَنِ الْمُنۡکَرِ وَیُحِلُّ لَہُمُ الطَّیِّبٰتِ وَیُحَرِّمُ عَلَیۡہِمُ الْخَبٰٓئِثَ وَیَضَعُ عَنْہُمْ اِصْرَہُمْ وَالۡاَغْلٰلَ الَّتِیۡ کَانَتْ عَلَیۡہِمْ ؕ فَالَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا بِہٖ وَعَزَّرُوۡہُ وَنَصَرُوۡہُ وَاتَّبَعُوا النُّوۡرَ الَّذِیۡۤ اُنۡزِلَ مَعَہٗۤ ۙ اُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الْمُفْلِحُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵۷﴾٪

Those who will serve the Messenger, unlettered the Communicator of hidden news, when they will find with them written in the Taurat and Injeel. He will bid them to do good and will forbid them from doing evil, and will make lawful for them clean things and will forbid for them unclean things, and will take off from them that burden and shackles which were upon them. Then those who believe in him and honour him and help him and follow that light which has been sent down with him, they are the persons who attained their objects.

 

Bear in mind that a Ummi person is someone who did not attain knowledge from any other human. This fact was known to the whole of Arabia. Everyone knew that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him did not attain any formal education from any person living in that period. As a matter of fact, in which city he was born, the majority of citizens were people who had no formal education. There were only about nine or ten people in Mecca shareef who knew how to read and write. At the same time, his life was not easy, before he was born, his blessed father had passed away.

Very soon thereafter, his grandfather and blessed mother also passed away. Also there was no school or college in Mecca shareef where he could go and learn how to read and write. The famous branch of knowledge at the time was poetry and even though some of these people did not achieve any formal education, yet they were very intelligent. However, the Almighty protected him from this jaahil poetry and from the very beginning every person in Mecca shareef knew him as the most just and the most honest. Although again, at that time, he had no formal education.

However, suddenly he began to utter amazing words from the Quran which completely stunned the people around him. In fact, even the best poets of the era began to look like ordinary writers. People were amazed as to what had suddenly happened to this person. Where did he learn words of such eloquence? Out of spite, some began to accuse him of being insane, some accused him of magic etc. But in spite of all of this, even the poets had to admit that his words were certainly not poetry.

  • Waleed bin Mughayrah also accepts the words as the truth..

Hadrat Sayyiduna Saeed bin Jubair May Allah have mercy upon him narrates that once the Quraish gathered around Waleed and most of them were old and senior citizens. He then said to them, “O Quraish! the season of Hajj has come near and the various Arab delegations are coming.

 

Therefore, you should start to think about your friend (in this city, namely the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him).” He then started to ask them for their opinion on this issue. His purpose was also to have a common agreement among themselves so that they would not create further confusion among the people coming to Mecca shareef. One of them said that we should call him a magician. However, Waleed replied, “I swear that he is not a magician. I have seen very powerful magicians and what he reads is certainly not like them”.

 

They then said that he should be called an insane person. However, Waleed replied, “An insane person is that person who has lost all his common sense, however, this is not in this case.” The Quraish then said that he should be called a poet. However, again Waleed cautioned them and mentioned that they should come to their senses because he was well educated himself in the art of poetry and the words of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him certainly did not fit in with any of the different forms of poetry prevalent in the day. They then said that he should be called a black magician. Again Waleed mentioned that he had seen these people who blow on others and tie knots around others, and this was not the case with the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him.

 

They then became fed up and asked him what they should mention about him to the others coming into Mecca. He then explained, “I swear that there is immense sweetness in his words and speech. Its branches are long and its roots are firm. Whatever false thing you mention about, this would become apparent in front of people. The best thing is to say that he is a person who performs black magic because it is through this art that families are divided. This was their final decision. (Dalaalilun Nubuwah). In other words, they were so speechless and helpless, that this was the only thing they could accuse him of.

 

  1. No one can bring an example of the Quran.

When the Quran was being revealed at first, the disbelievers began to say that these were merely tales of the past and that they will also be able to create tales like this. However, in Surah Bani Israel, verse 88, a challenge was given to these people which was:

قُلۡ لَّئِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الۡاِنۡسُ وَالْجِنُّ عَلٰۤی اَنۡ یَّاۡتُوۡا بِمِثْلِ ہٰذَا الْقُرْاٰنِ لَا یَاۡتُوۡنَ بِمِثْلِہٖ وَلَوْ کَانَ بَعْضُہُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَہِیۡرًا ﴿۸۸﴾

 

Proclaim, “If all mankind and jinns agree to bring an equivalent to the Qur’an, they will not be able to bring its equal – even if they were to help each other.”

In front of this challenge, everyone became helpless. When people could not answer this challenge, the Almighty decided to give them a much simpler challenge. In Surah Hud, verse 13, it is mentioned:

Do they say this; ‘He has fabricated it?’ Say you, ‘Bring then ten verses the like of it. And call all those whom you can besides Allah, if you are truthful.’

When this could not be answered, in Surah Baqarah, they were challenged to bring at least one surah like this. In fact the word surah in this verse is used as a common noun. In other words, the challenge was made even more easy. You may bring a long surah or a small surah, the choice is yours. Yet, over one thousand four hundred years have passed and man has also reached the moon and yet no one has been able to answer this challenge. Many have had to admit that this is certainly the Divine Word of the Almighty. It is also a rule in the world that when one person creates something, another person tries to outdo him.

When a ship is built, others try to build something bigger. If a country builds a missile then the other country tries to build a more powerful one. Yet, until the present day, no one has even created a wing of a fly besides a fly itself. The reason is that this is something which has been created by the Almighty and when they cannot even create a fly, how can they even hope to create something like the Holy Quran?

  • Stark difference:

When we see the miracles performed by other Prophets, we will see that these miracles were such that could never be performed by any human. A camel was created from a mountain. A stick became a serpent. A throne floated in the air. Obviously, people who saw this could say that this was magic, however, the Quran are the Divine Words and although it is the Divine Words, it is still words and sentences which people feel that they have the power to emulate or challenge. At the same time, we have already mentioned that the Arabs were masters in eloquence and poetry.

They also understood the finest of the fine points in grammar and writing and they could have answered this challenge, but even they were speechless and helpless, clearly proved to everyone around that this was certainly the Divine Word of the Almighty.

 

  1. The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – gave astonishing News of the historical occurrences in the past.

The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him also gave amazing news of what had occurred in the past from the time of Nabi Adam Peace be upon him until Nabi Esa Peace be upon him. He did this through the Quran and Hadith. Yet, there seemed to be no apparent manner on how he came to know of these things. He did not study history and there was no one in Mecca shareef who could teach him these things.

He also never left the city except when he was young and when he was teenager. Therefore, there was no way that he attended any college. On both occasions, it was for purpose of trade and the whole of Mecca knew this. Yet in spite of all of this, for him to suddenly reveal what happened in the time of this Prophet or that Prophet was indeed a sign that the Almighty had blessed him with the knowledge of the unseen. This is confirmed in Surah Ale Imran verse 44:

ذٰلِکَ مِنْ اَنۡۢـبَآءِ الْغَیۡبِ نُوۡحِیۡہِ اِلَیۡکَؕ وَمَا کُنۡتَ لَدَیۡہِمْ اِذْ یُلْقُوۡنَ اَقْلٰمَہُمْ اَیُّہُمْ یَکْفُلُ مَرْیَمَ۪ وَمَا کُنۡتَ لَدَیۡہِمْ اِذْ یَخْتَصِمُوۡنَ﴿۴۴﴾

These are the tidings of unseen that We reveal to you in secret. And you were not with them when they drew lots with their pens that under whose guardianship Mary should be given, and you were not with them when they were disputing.

 

  1. The prediction of the Quran proves correct:

The Quran was also able to predict future events which completely stunned those around. It also proved that this was beyond a normal human being. These are some of the things which the Quran predicated.

 

  • His Prophecy that the Romans will Take Victory over the Persians:

During the time of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him the Persians had defeated the Romans.

It’s mentioned in Surah Rum, verse 1-4:

الٓـمّٓ ﴿۱﴾ۚ

Alif Lam Mim.
غُلِبَتِ الرُّوۡمُ ۙ﴿۲﴾

The Romans have been subdued.
فِیۡۤ اَدْنَی الْاَرْضِ وَ ہُمۡ مِّنۡۢ بَعْدِ غَلَبِہِمْ سَیَغْلِبُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۳﴾

In the nearby land and after their subjugation they will soon overcome.
فِیْ بِضْعِ سِنِیۡنَ ۬ؕ لِلہِ الْاَمْرُ مِنۡ قَبْلُ وَ مِنۡۢ بَعْدُ ؕ وَ یَوْمَئِذٍ یَّفْرَحُ الْمُؤْمِنُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۴﴾

In a few years. The command is of Allah only before and after. And on that day the believers shall rejoice.

However, what is amazing is that this same surah also predicts that very soon the Romans will defeat the Persians. This is exactly what happened. In the 2nd year of hijrah there was another war between the both countries and on this occasion, the Romans were victorious as it was mentioned in Surah Rum. This was certainly something which no one at that time could foresee. This again proved the truth of the Quran.

 

  • The Muslims would enter the Masjidul Haram:

When the Muslims were expelled from Mecca shareef, no one ever thought that they would once again return to Mecca shareef.

In Surah Fat’h, verse 27, the Quran predicts that very soon the Muslims will enter the Haram shareef:

لَقَدْ صَدَقَ اللہُ رَسُوۡلَہُ الرُّءۡیَا بِالْحَقِّ ۚ لَتَدْخُلُنَّ الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ اِنۡ شَآءَ اللہُ اٰمِنِیۡنَ ۙ مُحَلِّقِیۡنَ رُءُوۡسَکُمْ وَ مُقَصِّرِیۡنَ ۙ لَا تَخَافُوۡنَ ؕ فَعَلِمَ مَا لَمْ تَعْلَمُوۡا فَجَعَلَ مِنۡ دُوۡنِ ذٰلِکَ فَتْحًا قَرِیۡبًا ﴿۲۷﴾

Undoubtedly, Allah has proved true the true vision of His messenger. You shall, no doubt, enter the sacred mosque, if Allah pleases, in security, having your heads Shaven or having your hair cut short without any fear. But He knew what you knew not and appointed before that a near victory.

Finally, the city of Mecca was conquered by the Muslims and they entered this city as the rulers of this city.

 

  • The Holy Prophet – peace and salutations be upon him – is promised complete protection by the Almighty:

In Surah Ma’idah, verse 67, the Almighty declares that He will protect the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and in surah Baqarah, verse 137, the Quran also admits that the Almighty is sufficient for the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him:

یٰۤاَیُّہَا الرَّسُوۡلُ بَلِّغْ مَاۤ اُنۡزِلَ اِلَیۡکَ مِنۡ رَّبِّکَ ؕ وَ اِنۡ لَّمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسٰلَتَہٗ ؕ وَاللہُ یَعْصِمُکَ مِنَ النَّاسِ ؕ اِنَّ اللہَ لَا یَہۡدِی الْقَوْمَ الْکٰفِرِیۡنَ ﴿۶۷﴾

‘O Messenger! Communicate that which has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if it is not so, then you have not conveyed His any message. And Allah will guard you from the people. Undoubtedly, Allah gives not way to the infidels.

 

فَاِنْ اٰمَنُوۡا بِمِثْلِ مَاۤ اٰمَنۡتُمۡ بِہٖ فَقَدِ اہۡتَدَوۡاۚ وَ اِنۡ تَوَلَّوْا فَاِنَّمَا ہُمْ فِیۡ شِقَاقٍۚ فَسَیَکْفِیۡکَہُمُ اللہُۚ وَہُوَ السَّمِیۡعُ الْعَلِیۡمُ﴿۱۳۷﴾ؕ

Then if they believe too as you have believed; then they are guided, and if they turn back their faces, then they are but in total schism. So, O beloved, prophet! Soon Allah will suffice you on behalf of them. He is alone Hearing and Knowing.

 

When we look at the blessed life of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him, on many occasion, people tried to kill him. On the night of hijrah, an attempt was made and they failed. Even when he was in Madina shareef, many attempts were made on his life by the Jews but at the final moment, he was informed of this evil plot by the Almighty.

 

  • The Establishment of the Righteous Caliphate and the Authority of Islam:

Soon after the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him left this world, Islam under the leadership of the Khulafah Raashideen spread to many parts of the world. This is also mentioned in in Surah Nur, verse 55:

وَعَدَ اللہُ الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا مِنۡکُمْ وَ عَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ لَیَسْتَخْلِفَنَّہُمۡ فِی الْاَرْضِ کَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِیۡنَ مِنۡ قَبْلِہِمْ ۪ وَ لَیُمَکِّنَنَّ لَہُمْ دِیۡنَہُمُ الَّذِی ارْتَضٰی لَہُمْ وَ لَیُبَدِّلَنَّہُمۡ مِّنۡۢ بَعْدِ خَوْفِہِمْ اَمْنًا ؕ یَعْبُدُوۡنَنِیۡ لَا یُشْرِکُوۡنَ بِیۡ شَیْـًٔا ؕ وَ مَنۡ کَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذٰلِکَ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الْفٰسِقُوۡنَ ﴿۵۵﴾

 

Allah has promised those among you who believe and do good deeds, that He will certainly give them the Caliphate in the earth the way He gave to those before them; and that He will certainly establish for them their religion which He has chosen for them, and will turn their prior fear into peace; they must worship Me and not ascribe anything as a partner to Me; and whoever is ungrateful after this – it is they who are the disobedient.

 

All of these predictions clearly proved that the Quran is not the word of man but the Divine Word of the Almighty and there is no doubt that mankind or jinn are helpless to bring something like.

 

  1. The Almighty has protected the Quran from any sort of distortion.

In Surah Hajr, verse 9, the Almighty has clearly mentioned that He has revealed this book and He is the Protector of this book or zikr.

اِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّکْرَ وَ اِنَّا لَہٗ لَحٰفِظُوۡنَ ﴿۹﴾

No doubt, We have sent down this Quran, and We most surely are its Guardian.

 

Therefore, there can be no distortion in the Quran as this is against the Divine Plan of the Almighty. As we have said, since this is a book which will last until the day of Judgement, hence special protection was given to it. One of the manners of protecting it was to keep it in one single language. The second was to make its memorization easier. At the same time another manner of protecting it is that prior to the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him leaving this mundane world, there were already hundreds of Huffaz who could protect the Quran in their hearts. In fact, the amazing fact that it is so highly protected is one of its greatest miracles.

(Muqaddimah Tafseer Tabayyin Al Quran)

 

The wonders and miracles of the Quran is certainly too many to mention. We have just touched the tip of the ice berg in this regard.

 

Allamah Imam Qurtubi has mentioned ten points in this regard and this has been summarized by Allamah Ghulam Rasool Saeedi in Tafseer Tabayyinul Quran in his preface.

 

Allamah Imam Qurtabi May Allah have mercy upon him gives 10 reasons in which Quran excels accordingly:

  1. The sequence and the manner in which the Quran is presented is unique and special. There is no match for it in the entire world. Prior to the Quran, in Arabia, there were words of poetry, magic etc. In the Muslim shareef, it is reported that once the brother of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Zarr May Allah have mercy upon him, namely Hadrat Unais May Allah have mercy upon him mentioned to him, “I have met someone in Mecca shareef who is on your religion. It is his claim that the Almighty has made him a Prophet. I then asked what do people say about him. They replied that people accuse him of being a poet, a magician or a fortune teller.” However, Hadrat Sayyiduna Unais May Allah have mercy upon him who was an expert poet himself mentions that the words of the Quran were unlike any poetry he had heard before.

In like manner when the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him recited verse 1 to 4 from Surah Haa Meem. Utbah bin Rabee’ah had no choice but to admit that this was certainly not the words of an ordinary person and had to admit that besides the Quran, there is no book like this or similar to this. In other words, he also had to admit that the Quran was miracle.

 

  1. The style of the Quran is also different from all other books.

 

  1. The manner in which the Quran addresses is also unique. Look at the manner in Surah Qaf verse 1 to 3:

 

قٓ ۟ۚ وَ الْقُرْاٰنِ الْمَجِیۡدِ ۚ﴿۱﴾

Qaaf. By the glorious Quran.
بَلْ عَجِبُوۡۤا اَنۡ جَآءَہُمْ مُّنۡذِرٌ مِّنْہُمْ فَقَالَ الْکٰفِرُوۡنَ ہٰذَا شَیۡءٌ عَجِیۡبٌ ۚ﴿۲﴾

But rather they wondered that there has come to them a warner from among themselves. And the infidels said, ‘this is a strange thing.’
ءَاِذَا مِتْنَا وَکُنَّا تُرَابًا ۚ ذٰلِکَ رَجْعٌۢ بَعِیۡدٌ ﴿۳﴾

Will when we be dead and become dust, we be raised again to life? This return is remote.

 

In Surah Mo’min, verse 16 the Quran declares:

یَوْمَ ہُمۡ بٰرِزُوۡنَ ۬ۚ لَا یَخْفٰی عَلَی اللہِ مِنْہُمْ شَیۡءٌ ؕ لِمَنِ الْمُلْکُ الْیَوْمَ ؕ لِلہِ الْوٰحِدِ الْقَہَّارِ ﴿۱۶﴾

A day when they will be fully exposed; nothing from their affairs will be hidden from Allah; “For whom is the kingship this day? For Allah, the One, the All Dominant.”

 

Ibnul Hasaa has stated that the eloquent sequence, the unique presentation, the eminence of address is something which is found in every verse of the Quran. This is the challenge which was presented to the greatest minds in Arabia at the time. All of these three unique traits are also to be found in separate ways in each verse. If we look at Surah Kauther, this becomes apparent even though this is the smallest surah. In this verse, there is also knowledge of the unseen been revealed. Another is the news that he is being given Kauther.

 

This also signifies that his followers will be the largest community compared to any other Prophet. This is exactly what happened. The second was the prediction of the complete destruction of Waleed bin Mughayrah and his family lineage. Bear in mind that prior to this surah, this idiot was extremely wealthy and had many children. However, very soon, his family was destroyed and so his wealth.

 

  1. The Arabic letters and words are so controlled and presented that not one letter or word can be moved out of place. In other words, the removal or change of any letter or word, would upset the entire sequence, hence, it has to remain the way it is.

 

  1. The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was someone who did not receive any formal education. Prior to announcing Prophet hood and even after this, no book was given to him and neither did he read or write any book. Yet, he was able to answer all the questions which were presented by the Jewish and Christians scholars at the time such as the story of Nabi Moosa Peace be upon him and Hadrat Khadir Peace be upon him. The story of Zul Qarnain as well as various questions. All of this in spite of the fact that he did not receive any formal education and had also appeared in an illiterate nation. This is one of the greatest testimony that this was not the words of a human. The Christian and Jews in their stupidity say that he copied them. If this is the case, why would the message of Islam be completely different from their religion?

 

  1. The Quran also predicted that he would be expelled from his city, however the Almighty would be there to help and assist him. The Quran also says that he who relies on the Almighty, the Almighty is sufficient for him.

 

  1. In Surah Fat’h, verse 28, the Quran clearly declares that the religion of Islam will be the most powerful of religions:

ہُوَ الَّذِیۡۤ اَرْسَلَ رَسُوۡلَہٗ بِالْہُدٰی وَ دِیۡنِ الْحَقِّ لِیُظْہِرَہٗ عَلَی الدِّیۡنِ کُلِّہٖ ؕ وَ کَفٰی بِاللہِ شَہِیۡدًا ﴿ؕ۲۸﴾

It is He Who has sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth that he may make it prevail over all other religions And Sufficient is Allah as witness.

 

In fact, when the rightly guided Khulafah used to bid farewell to the Mujaahideen, they always informed them that they would be victorious. In other words, no one had any doubt that this religion would over power all other religions and nations. In other words, the message of Surah Fat’h continued to prove true all the time. If we look at the time when this verse in Surah Fat’a appeared and when we study the events in Islam after this, this was clear prediction of what will happen in the future for Islam and how they would dominate in future.

 

The dream which the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him saw about him entering Mecca shareef in victory was clearly seen in the 8th year of hijrah. The same thing about the eventual victory of Rome over the Persians. This is mentioned in Surah Rum. In fact, Rome at that time was was so weak that no one could predict that within a few years, it would defeat the Persians, and yet this is exactly what occurred.

 

Another incident is about the battle of Badr. On one side there was a trade caravan of the disbelievers loaded with valuable goods and on the other side was the powerful army of the disbelievers. If the Muslims chose the latter, the power of the Muslims would forever be engrained in the minds of the disbelievers. And this is what the Muslims chose.

 

When this was decided, the Almighty also promised them victory. This is mentioned in Surah Nur verse 55:

وَعَدَ اللہُ الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا مِنۡکُمْ وَ عَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ لَیَسْتَخْلِفَنَّہُمۡ فِی الْاَرْضِ کَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِیۡنَ مِنۡ قَبْلِہِمْ ۪ وَ لَیُمَکِّنَنَّ لَہُمْ دِیۡنَہُمُ الَّذِی ارْتَضٰی لَہُمْ وَ لَیُبَدِّلَنَّہُمۡ مِّنۡۢ بَعْدِ خَوْفِہِمْ اَمْنًا ؕ یَعْبُدُوۡنَنِیۡ لَا یُشْرِکُوۡنَ بِیۡ شَیْـًٔا ؕ وَ مَنۡ کَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذٰلِکَ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الْفٰسِقُوۡنَ ﴿۵۵﴾

Allah has promised those among you who believed and performed good deeds that He will surely give them power to rule in the earth as was given to those who were before them; and He will surely consolidate their religion which He has chosen for them, and will surely change their of future fear with peace and security. They should worship Me and associate not anything with Me. And whose is ungrateful after this, then they are the people disobedient.

 

After the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him had left this world, the blessed Ashaab continued to display amazing Imaan and dedication to Islam. Another blessing from the Almighty was the period of the rightly guided Khulafah which continued for a lengthy period and as long as Muslims remained dedicated to Islam and busy in propagating Islam,. power and rule was always given to the Muslims. One of the greatest results of Muslim laziness is that they then become the subjects of others. When Muslims ignore the importance of propagating Islam, then very soon, they lose power and control. This was also what has happened in many parts of the world.

 

  1. In the Quran there are clear instructions on what is Halal and what is Haram and this itself becomes a set constitution for a Muslim in this world.

 

  1. Immense wisdom and guidance is presented in the Quran which a human would find impossible to create.

 

  1. There is complete agreement in the message of Islam and no contradiction between one verse with the other. In surah Nisa, verse 82, the Quran also admits that if this was from someone else, then certainly there would be immense contradiction in this book:

 

اَ فَلَا یَتَدَبَّرُوۡنَ الْقُرْاٰنَ ؕ وَلَوْ کَانَ مِنْ عِنۡدِ غَیۡرِ اللہِ لَوَجَدُوۡا فِیۡہِ اخْتِلٰفًا کَثِیۡرًا ﴿۸۲﴾

Then do they not ponder in Quran? and if it had been from other than Allah, then they would surely have found therein much discrepancy?

 

(Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaamil Quran Vol. 1, p. 73-75)

 

Yet it is such a pity that Muslims in the present time do not take advantage of this Divine Book and seem to only read it on big occasions. At the same time, they do not educate themselves and others of the true message of the Quran. There should certainly be a concerted effort by Muslims to spread the message of Islam and also bring others towards the Quran. There are so many non-Muslims who are finding out about the Quran themselves without any help from born Muslims. There is no doubt that this is also the amazing miracle of the Quran that on its own, it can invite someone to Islam. However, as Muslims, this does not mean that we must then sit down and do nothing and allow the Quran do this on its own. All of us will be answerable on the day of Judgement for our actions in this world. Therefore, we need to think carefully about our Muslim responsibility.

As we have stated the eloquence and beauty, the Quran is certainly a miracle. There is not a single verse in the Quran which is empty of wonder and eloquence. On the other hand this is not found in any human writing. Some are full of mistakes. Some books at the beginning have immense depth in meaning and later on, it loses the plot. Others are very deep in meaning at the beginning and later on, it is only deep in meaning in name.

 

There is no doubt that to keep this immense depth and standard from the beginning to the end is beyond a human. This can only be the Divine Words of the Almighty which can continue to have this wonder and miracle from the beginning to the end in every word and letter. Another thing is that we humans are prone to forget and make mistake. We write something in one place and write something else in another. Sometimes, our words and writings are not the same. Therefore, for a book or writing to be free of all defects and mistakes is the quality of the Divine Word and this is the uniqueness of the Quran.

 

Allamah Alaawudeen Haskafi May Allah have mercy upon him writes, “The Almighty only proves the innocence of the Quran and no other book.”

(Durre Mukhtaar)

 

Allamah Shaami May Allah have mercy upon him in the sharah of this states, “The Almighty has not nominated or allocated innocence to any other book except the Quran. At the same time, He has not displayed His Divine Pleasure for any other book except the Quran. This is only the quality of that book which He has described in Surah Haa Meem, verse 42:

لَّا یَاۡتِیۡہِ الْبٰطِلُ مِنۡۢ بَیۡنِ یَدَیۡہِ وَ لَا مِنْ خَلْفِہٖ ؕ تَنۡزِیۡلٌ مِّنْ حَکِیۡمٍ حَمِیۡدٍ ﴿۴۲﴾

There is no approach of falsehood to it either from before or from behind it. It is a revelation from the All Wise, All Praised.

 

There is also no doubt that there are many mistakes and distortions in previous books and also in books written by humans and to makes mistakes is part of human nature”.

 

Allamah Abdul Aziz Bukhari May Allah have mercy upon him in the sharah of the Usul Bazdawi writes, “It has been narrated from Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Shafi May Allah have mercy upon him that the great Imam has stated that, ‘I have written this book and have not left out anything practical, however, somewhere there might be something which is contrary to the Quran and Sunnah. The Almighty declares and explains this fact in verse 83 of surah Nisa that if this was a book which came from another (besides Allah), then certainly there would be many contradictions in this. Therefore, my advice is that if you find anything in this book which is contrary to Quran and Sunnah, then leave it aside because I am someone who turns to the Quran and Sunnah.”

 

He also states that he had read the Al Risaalah nearly eighty times in front of the great Imam and on every occasion, the great Imam picked out something which needed to be rectified. After a while he mentioned that he would stop doing this because there is no book in the universe except the Quran which is (one hundred percent) correct.”

(Raddul Muhtaar)

 

Etiquets of Reciting the Holy Quran:

 

One should recite the Quran with all due deliberation.

It is Fard that whenever we read the Quran, we should recite every word and letter in such a manner that the meaning of the Quran does not become distorted or changes. At the same time, to read a word of the Quran in such a manner that the meaning of the word changes is Haraam. This is besides that person who is not learned or literate in the proper manner of reading the Quran. However, it is important that a person learns how to read the Quran properly. If one makes the effort and still fails to pronounce the words correctly, then he is considered as excused.

 

However, he still cannot lead the salah when there is someone behind him who recites more correctly. The mistakes committed is only excused for him and not for someone else on his behalf. In Sura Muzzammil, verse 4, the act of reading the Quran with all due deliberation is clearly mentioned. Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali May Allah have mercy upon him has stated that, “The meaning of reciting the Quran with tarteel means to recite the Quran is the best of manner and to also recognize where to pause and (where not to).

(An Nashar fi Qiraa’at Al Ashar. Allamah ibn Jazari)

 

In surah Zumar, verse 28, the Quran explains that this is a Quran in the Arabic language having no short comings:

قُرۡاٰنًا عَرَبِیًّا غَیۡرَ ذِیۡ عِوَجٍ لَّعَلَّہُمْ یَتَّقُوۡنَ ﴿۲۸﴾

The Quran in Arabic language wherein there is no crookedness in order that they may fear.

At another juncture in surah Baqarah, verse 121, the Quran makes it clear that those to whom the Quran had been given recite it in the manner in which it should be recited:

اَلَّذِیۡنَ اٰتَیۡنٰہُمُ الْکِتٰبَ یَتْلُوۡنَہٗ حَقَّ تِلَاوَتِہٖؕ اُولٰٓئِکَ یُؤْمِنُوۡنَ بِہٖؕ وَمَنۡ یَّکْفُرْ بِہٖ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الْخٰسِرُوۡنَ﴿۱۲۱﴾٪

Those who have been given the Book by Us, they recite it as it ought to be, they alone have faith unto it and those who disbelieve it, they alone are the losers.

 

In other words, they make sure that they fulfil all the laws of recital. One of the requirements of this is to make sure that when reciting the Quran, the meaning of the word does not change. One common mistake committed by people is when they recite “qalbun” as “kalbun”. The first means heart and the second means dog. In surah Baqarah, verse 97, the Quran declares that this Quran was revealed on the heart of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him:

قُلْ مَنۡ کَانَ عَدُوًّا لِّجِبْرِیۡلَ فَاِنَّہٗ نَزَّلَہٗ عَلٰی قَلْبِکَ بِاِذْنِ اللہِ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَیۡنَ یَدَیۡہِ وَہُدًی وَّبُشْرٰی لِلْمُؤْمِنِیۡنَ﴿۹۷﴾

Say you, ‘whoever be the enemy of Jibreel-then he (Jibreel) caused to descend on your heart this Quran by the Command of Allah, Confirming the former Books, and there is guidance and glad tidings to Muslims’.

 

Now imagine in this place if you do not pronounce the word properly, you can imagine what sin you are committing. The tragedy and the enormity of sin cannot even be described in this context. At the same time, to recite the Quran with such speed that the words and letters are swallowed or someone cannot even recognize certain words and letters is also considered as Haraam.

 

We notice that this sometimes happen during Taraweeh where people urge the Haafiz to finish as quick as possible and because of this, many words of the Quran are missed and mispronounced. Please bear this point in mind. Hadrat Sayyiduna Qatadah May Allah have mercy upon him who was a Tabaa’e states that he once asked Hadrat Sayyiduna Aanas May Allah have mercy upon him how the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him used to read the Quran and he mentioned that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him used to drag his voice. (In other words, each letter and word was uttered in a clear and precise manner). (Nisaa’i shareef).

 

Quran should be recited with humility

 

In surah Zumar, verse 23, the Quran declares:

اَللہُ نَزَّلَ اَحْسَنَ الْحَدِیۡثِ کِتٰبًا مُّتَشٰبِہًا مَّثَانِیَ ٭ۖ تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْہُ جُلُوۡدُ الَّذِیۡنَ یَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّہُمْ ۚ ثُمَّ تَلِیۡنُ جُلُوۡدُہُمْ وَ قُلُوۡبُہُمْ اِلٰی ذِکْرِ اللہِ ؕ ذٰلِکَ ہُدَی اللہِ یَہۡدِیۡ بِہٖ مَنْ یَّشَآءُ ؕ وَ مَنۡ یُّضْلِلِ اللہُ فَمَا لَہٗ مِنْ ہَادٍ ﴿۲۳﴾

 

Allah has sent the best Book that from beginning to the end is alike (in beauty and fairness), having two fold descriptions (promise of reward and threat of punishment) at which do shudder the skins of those who fear their Lord, then their skins and hearts soften inclining towards the remembrance of Allah. This is the guidance of Allah He guides therewith whom He pleases. And he whom Allah -causes to go astray, there is none to guide him.

Imam Qurtabi May Allah have mercy upon him records that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him has stated that the best of voice when reciting (the Quran) is the voice of that person whom when you listen to it, you have a sense that he is reading with fear for Allah.” (Tasfeer Qurtabi).

 

Endeavour to read with understanding the meaning

Yes, even if you do not understand the meaning of the verse you read you will still receive reward, however if you read after knowing the meaning of what you are reading, then it can be described as nur upon nur. Bear in mind that the Quran was revealed as guidance as described in surah Baqarah, verse 185:

شَہۡرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِیۡۤ اُنۡزِلَ فِیۡہِ الْقُرْاٰنُ ہُدًی لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَیِّنٰتٍ مِّنَ الْہُدٰی وَالْفُرْقَانِۚ

The month of Ramadan in which Quran was sent down, the direction for the people and guidance and clear signs of judgement.

The quickest way of getting guidance is to understand what you read. At the same time one can also get further guidance from the Tafseer as well. In most times, through the Tafseer a better understand is achieved. The meaning of the verse is also achieved through the hadith as well.

 

If one deliberately ignores the hadith and merely relies on the outer meaning of the verse; this has led many people to misguidance. As we have mentioned, there are certain laws in the Quran which have been abrogated, if you do not look at the hadith and tafseer, how will you know this? At the same time, make sure that the translation of the hadith and tafseer in whichever language has been prepared by a Sunni scholar.

 

Read the Quran with a beautiful voice and tone

The Almighty is pleased with the Quran being recited in a beautiful tone or voice. Yes, one gets reward for reading in an ordinary tone, but there is more reward for reading in a beautiful tone. Once the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him mentioned to Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Moosa May Allah have mercy upon him, “O Abu Moosa! You have been gifted with one of the tones from the Ale Daud.” Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah May Allah have mercy upon him narrates that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him has stated that, “One of the things which the Almighty has permitted on His Prophet is that the Quran should be read with a beautiful tone.” (Muslim shareef). In fact, that person who does not consider this as permissible is also not considered as part of the Muslim ummah. (Bukhari shareef).

 

In the hadith shareef where “Tad-reeb” has been condemned is when a person reads the Quran like he sings a song. (Tabayyinul Quran).

 

Miscellaneous etiquettes

One should sit and read the Quran in a clean and paak place. The masjid is considered as the best place. If one is alone in the masjid, then he can raise his voice a little. If not, then one should be considerate about others who are busy in ibaadah. One should cover ones head and recite the Quran with absolute humility. Sitting facing the Qibla has been termed the best position in the hadith shareef. One should not read the Quran in a public bath.

 

One has been restricted from reading the Quran in a quick and hurriedly fashion. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Mas’ud May Allah have mercy upon him has mentioned that when a person hurries through the Quran, it does not enter below the throat, however, when a person recites the Quran in a slow and deliberate fashion, then it has a effect on the heart and also on ones chest. In surah Al Anfal, verse 2, it has been mentioned that when the believer recites the Quran, there is increase in his Imaan:

اِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُوۡنَ الَّذِیۡنَ اِذَا ذُکِرَ اللہُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوۡبُہُمْ وَ اِذَا تُلِیَتْ عَلَیۡہِمْ اٰیٰتُہٗ زَادَتْہُمْ اِیۡمٰنًا وَّعَلٰی رَبِّہِمْ یَتَوَکَّلُوۡنَ ﴿ۚۖ۲﴾

Only they are believers whose hearts tremble when Allah is mentioned, and when His Signs are recited to them, their faith get increased and upon their Lord they put their trust.

 

When one mentions verses wherein there is mention of the Divine Grace of the Almighty, Jannah, forgiveness of one’s sins, then one should implore the Almighty for these gifts. When one mentions things like punishment and hell, then one should seek refuge in Allah from these things. When one mentions the Divine Greatness of the Almighty then one can mention words like “Subhaanallah”. The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him used to also do this in his nafil salah.

(ibn Maja shareef).

 

When one recites the last verse of Surah At Teen, then one can also mention, “Why not! I am also a witness to this.” When one reads the verse in surah Ar Rahman where the Divine Grace is mentioned many times, one can also mention, “I believe in Allah”. Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Shafi May Allah have mercy upon him has considered it as Mustahab to mention these words even in the Fard salah. However, in the Hanafi mazhab this is only allowed in the Nafil salah.

 

When reciting the Quran, do not speak or joke or laugh. Yes, if there is an urgent point to be made, one may mention this. However, when one commences with the recital, one should restart after reciting the Ta’ooz and Tasmiyah. If one is reciting the Quran aloud, then he should read these aloud as well. There are some who say that one merely needs to read the Tasmiyah., however in the Fawaa’id Maktabah, it is recommended to read the both. In other words the Ta’ooz and the Tasmiyah. Another reason is that when one recites the Quran we are urged to seek protection from the satan.

 

The excellence of reciting the Quran

 

The Almighty has on numerous occasions informed the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him about the excellence of always reading the Quran. We see that when Nabi Ebrahim Peace be upon him was making dua while constructing the Kaba, even at this time, he was making dua that such a Prophet should appear who recites the signs of the Almighty. This is mentioned in surah Baqarah, verse 129:

 

رَبَّنَا وَابْعَثْ فِیۡہِمْ رَسُوۡلًا مِّنْہُمْ یَتْلُوۡا عَلَیۡہِمْ اٰیٰتِکَ وَیُعَلِّمُہُمُ الْکِتٰبَ وَالْحِکْمَۃَ وَیُزَکِّیۡہِمْؕ اِنَّکَ اَنۡتَ الۡعَزِیۡزُ الۡحَکِیۡمُ﴿۱۲۹﴾٪

‘O Our Lord, and send in them a messenger from among themselves, who may recite to them Your signs and teach them Your Book and wise knowledge and may purify them well. Surely, You are alone the Predominant, the Wise.

 

When the Almighty sent the beloved Prophet peace and salutations be upon him to the Muslims, one of his qualities has also been described as someone who recites the Quran. This is mentioned in surah Ale Imran, verse 163:

 

ہُمْ دَرَجٰتٌ عِنۡدَ اللہِ ؕ وَاللہُ بَصِیۡرٌۢ بِمَا یَعْمَلُوۡنَ ﴿۱۶۳﴾

They are according to their ranks near Allah and Allah sees their works.

 

When the Almighty describes the believers, He also mentions that that these are people who recite the signs of Allah (the Quran) with truth. This is mentioned in surah Baqarah, verse 121:

اَلَّذِیۡنَ اٰتَیۡنٰہُمُ الْکِتٰبَ یَتْلُوۡنَہٗ حَقَّ تِلَاوَتِہٖؕ اُولٰٓئِکَ یُؤْمِنُوۡنَ بِہٖؕ وَمَنۡ یَّکْفُرْ بِہٖ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الْخٰسِرُوۡنَ﴿۱۲۱﴾٪

Those who have been given the Book by Us, they recite it as it ought to be, they alone have faith unto it and those who disbelieve it, they alone are the losers.

 

In this verse besides the excellence of the recital of the Quran, the excellence of the tafseer is also mentioned:

In other words, it is mentioned that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him does not only recite the Quran but that he also educates the ummah about the Quran.

 

The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him is also the first in the ummah to educate the ummah, hence he is considered as the first Mufassir. At the same time, where the believers have been advised to read the Quran, they have also been warned against not reading the Quran. It is also mentioned that the people who read the Quran are the true believers. In other words, the first act of Imaan or the first condition of Imaan is to recite the Quran.

 

In surah Bani Israeel, verse 78, one is advised to make it a habit of reading the Quran at the time of Fajr:

اَقِمِ الصَّلٰوۃَ لِدُلُوۡکِ الشَّمْسِ اِلٰی غَسَقِ الَّیۡلِ وَ قُرْاٰنَ الْفَجْرِ ؕ اِنَّ قُرْاٰنَ الْفَجْرِکَانَ مَشْہُوۡدًا ﴿۷۸﴾

Establish prayer from declining of the sun till the darkening of the night, and the Quran of the dawn. No doubt, angles are present in the Quran of the dawn.

 

Another important point to bear in mind is that the Angels also present themselves to listen to the Quran at this time.

 

The Almighty also swears in the name of those who recite the Quran. In surah Saffaat, verse 3, this is clearly seen. In this context the Ahle Zikr are the people who recite the Quran. The word “zikr” which indicates the Quran is also mentioned in the 9th verse of surah Hajr where the Almighty mentions that “We have revealed this Zikr and We are its Protectors.” If people had to read the Quran in the world merely for the sake of people, then they would sometimes read it and sometimes they would not read it. However, the Almighty has commanded that this blessed Kitab be read in every salah so that Muslim can attain the reward for this blessed action. At the same time, the surah which has been termed as the mother of surahs, namely Surah Fatiha has been commanded to be recited in every rakah of the salah.

(Tafseer Bayyinaatul Quran).

 

Summery of etiquettes when reading the Quran.

 

Certain Ulama have presented the various modes and methods of respect which should be displayed when reading the Quran in a brief manner. One of the points to be borne in mind by the person is that he is reciting the Divine Words of his Creator. At the same time, when one is reading a message of this magnitude, you can imagine the immense awe and respect which should be displayed. A brief summery in this regard should be:

 

After making the Wudu and using the miswaak, one should sit in one place with absolute dignity and respect and in deep concentration. One should face the Qiblah with deep humility and recite in such a manner as if he is mentioning these words directly to the Almighty. If a person understands the meaning of the words, then in appropriate places, he should make dua or seek salvation. When he recites words of Divine Praise, he should read Subhaanallah and other words of praise and if cannot weep, he should try and make it appear as if he is weeping. It is mentioned that one of the greatest acts of servitude and true dedication is when a person weeps when mentioning the words of the Almighty and His beloved Prophet peace and salutations be upon him.

 

One should read steadily and carefully. The Quran should be placed on a higher platform. Do not speak when reading. If one has to speak because of an urgent need, do so but make sure that before you speak, close the Quran and then speak. After speaking, recite the Ta’ooz and Tasmiyah and then continue to read the Quran. If there are other people around who are busy in their own personal work, then read the Quran softly. If not, then one may read the Quran loudly. The mashaa’ikh have mentioned six internal and six external forms of respect.

 

External forms of respect.

Firstly, with utmost respect, make Wudu facing the Qiblah. Secondly, do not rush when reading. Recite the words deliberately and slowly and with Tajweed. Thirdly, make an effort to weep even if it is with great effort. Fourthly, fulfil the right of verses which pertain to Divine Grace and Divine Wrath as we have already mentioned. Fifthly, if there is no chance of showing off or troubling another person, then read loudly, or else, read softly. Sixthly, read with a sweet voice or a sweet tone and this has been mentioned in many ahadith.

 

Inner respect.

Firstly, keep in mind the greatness and magnitude of what you are reading and the magnificence of the words. Secondly, keep in the mind the Divine Greatness of the Almighty whose Divine Words you are reading. Thirdly, protect the heart from evil thoughts and ideas. Fourthly, concentrate on the meaning and the sweetness of what you are reading. It is mentioned that one night, the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him spent the entire night reciting one verse in which is mentioned the words, “O Allah if You punish them, they are Your servants and if You pardon them, You are All Powerful and Wise.”

 

Saeed bin Jubair May Allah have mercy upon him is said to have spent a complete night reciting  the words, “O transgressor, today on the day of Judgement, others are separate from the obedient”.

 

Fifthly, whichever verse you are reading endeavour to practise on that. In other words, when you read about Divine Grace, display joy in your heart and when you read about Divine Wrath display fear and apprehension in your heart. Sixthly, keep you ears glued to what you are reading as if you are speaking to the Almighty and He is listening to you. We make dua that the Almighty gives us the strength to read the Quran in this fashion.

 

Issue.

It is Waajib for every person to memorise so much of Quran through which he or she is able to complete the salah. To memorize the Quran within a community is considered as Fard-e-Kifaayah. If no one in the community becomes a Haafiz of the Quran, the entire community would be considered as sinful

 

Imam Zarkashi has reported from Hadrat Mullah Ali Qari May Allah have mercy upon him that in that city or town in which there is no one who reads the Quran, the entire community would be considered as sinners. Sadly, there has also come a time where there are certain ignorant people who are making the claim that there is no need to memorize the Quran. They claim that to continue revising the Quran is also a waste of time, (ma’azzalah).

 

They even make the ridiculous claim that by revising it all the time would damage the brain and would only waste the time of a person. May Allah protect us from such ignorance. If this is the state of non religion which has appeared among us, then there is certainly a great need to look within us because every word and action spoken in this fashion takes us towards complete misguidance. At the same time, such is the state of Muslims today that besides weeping at what they have done to themselves, there is nothing else that can be done.

 

Another advice is that the person who recites the Quran should keep his mouth free of all foul smell such as tobacco etc. In the same way free from things like raw onion etc. Remove all foul smell through either the miswaak or toothpaste. One may also chew ilachi and similar items which keeps a good smell in the mouth. The clothes and place where the Quran is recited should also be kept clean and paak. One of the reasons for all of these precautions is that during the recital of the Quran, the Angels are also present. It is said that they are comfortable when there is a good smell and become uncomfortable when there is a foul smell.

 

Wudu is necessary for someone who looks at the Quran and reads and also touches the Quran. If one recites the Quran without touching the Quran, then one can be without Wudu, however, it is better that one is with Wudu. The reason is that through this, one achieves the maximum spiritual benefit and other barakah.

 

It is Haraam for a female to read the Quran when she is suffering from Haiz and Nifas. However, she is allowed to read other zikr in this state. However, if she does mention words which appear in the Quran as a mark of appreciation etc, then she is excused. For example if she mentions “Al hamdu lillah” when giving thanks or “Inna lillah” when she hears a sad news, there is no sin on her. In like manner if she reads the dua from the Quran which a person reads when getting into a transport, there is no harm in this.

 

To Cry when Reciting the Quran.

As we have mentioned, prior to reading the Quran, one should recite the Ta’ooz and Tasmiyah. One should also strive to ponder on the words one is reading. If there is a verse which creates an internal sense of happiness in a person, he should recite that verse all the time at that moment. Hadrat Sayyiduna Tameem Daari May Allah have mercy upon him narrates that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him recited the 21st verse of surah Al Jaasiyah the entire night till the morning.

 

This has also been the method of the blessed Ashaab and the other pious Muslims as well. They also wept when they recited a verse from the Quran which described the Divine Wrath of the Almighty. In fact, such people have also been praised in the Quran. In Surah Bani Israel, verses 107 to 109, the Quran declares:

 

قُلْ اٰمِنُوۡا بِہٖۤ اَوْلَا تُؤْمِنُوۡا ؕ اِنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ اُوۡتُوا الْعِلْمَ مِنۡ قَبْلِہٖۤ اِذَا یُتْلٰی عَلَیۡہِمْ یَخِرُّوۡنَ لِلۡاَذْقَانِ سُجَّدًا ﴿۱۰۷﴾ۙ

Say you, ‘Believe in it or believe not. Certainly those who got knowledge before it was sent down do fall down prostate on their faces, when it is recited to them.
وَّ یَقُوۡلُوۡنَ سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّنَاۤ اِنۡ کَانَ وَعْدُ رَبِّنَا لَمَفْعُوۡلًا ﴿۱۰۸﴾

And say, Glory be to our Lord; undoubtedly the promise of our Lord was to be fulfilled.
وَیَخِرُّوۡنَ لِلۡاَذْقَانِ یَبْکُوۡنَ وَیَزِیۡدُہُمْ خُشُوۡعًا ﴿۱۰۹﴾ٛ

And they fall down on their faces weeping, and this Quran increases their hearts leaning. [^] (SAJDA) 4.

 

In the ibn Maja shareef, a report is mentioned wherein the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him has stated that when ‘one recites the Quran, then one should weep and if one cannot weep, then one should make an effort to weep.”

 

It is mentioned that when the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him used to recite the Quran at night, a sound used to appear from his chest like a sound from a pot which is boiling. Such was the state of his spiritual ecstasy. At times, not only did he weep but others around him also began to weep. It is mentioned that when Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy upon him used to read the Quran, he used to weep so much that even the female mushriks that went past used to be greatly affected. (Sahih Bukhari shareef).

Certain incidents.

Who is unaware of the state of Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him. When he used to listen to the Quran, he used to fall unconscious in fear of Allah. Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Ghazzali May Allah have mercy upon him mentions that, “When the great Muslim heard the Quran, he used to fall down and people used to visit him for many days (because he became ill).

 

The same thing is reported when one day he was reading Surah Shams. It is mentioned that one day he walking past a certain house when the person in the house was reading surah Tur and when the person reached the verse wherein it is mentioned that the Divine Wrath of the Almighty will certainly appear and no one will stop it, he jumped off his horse and stood against a wall. He stood there for a long time listening to the surah been recited and when he reached home, he remained ill for nearly a month.

 

It is mentioned that once the famous and eminent companion Hadrat Sayyiduna Tameem Daari May Allah have mercy upon him was reading a verse during the Tahajjud salah and he was overtaken with immense spiritual fervour.

 

Another example of the immense honesty of the blessed companions is the incident which took place with Hadrat Sayyiduna Huzaifah bin Yamaan May Allah have mercy upon him. It is mentioned that once in salah he wept incessantly when reading the Quran. However, when he turned around, he saw someone standing behind him and he asked the person never to reveal this to anyone.

 

It is mentioned that Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Zubair May Allah have mercy upon him used to also weep when listening to the Quran and he used to experience such immense spiritual fervour that he used to shake the branch of a tree.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Thabit bin Aslam Nabaani May Allah have mercy upon him is also a famous Taba’e and noted for his immense piety. When he used to awake for Tahajjud and read the Quran, his state and condition completely changed.

 

Who is unaware of Hadrat Sayyiduna Owais bin Amir Qarani May Allah have mercy upon him. One day, he heard Hiram bin Hayyan May Allah have mercy upon him read the Ta’ooz and when he heard this, he screamed and started to weep out aloud. He mentioned that the Zikr of the Almighty is indeed very lofty.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Rabee bin Khaysam May Allah have mercy upon him was also someone who was considered as extremely pious and noble. He used to love making ibaadah in the late part of the night and he spent the entire night in ibaadah. His servant, Naseer admits that one night he read the Quran during Tahajjud and went into such spiritual ecstasy that he continued repeating one single verse the entire night until the morning.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Saeed bin Jubair May Allah have mercy upon him was someone who used to weep so much when reading the Quran that it is mentioned that he even lost his vision. In fact, in love for the Quran, he used to even complete the entire Quran in one single rakah!

 

Who is unaware of Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar bin Abdul Aziz May Allah have mercy upon him. He was the leader of the Muslim government and also one of the greatest derwishes of his period. He was highly regarded for his spiritual penitence and ibaadah and achieved a mighty status in this regard.

 

One day, he recited a verse which describes that creation would become like cotton wool near the day of Judgement and when he recited this, he screamed and fell in such a manner that people were convinced that he had passed away. He then jumped up and in a state of immense spiritual fervour, he continued to repeat this verse.

 

Mohammed bin Munakkdar was an eminent Muhaddith, Qari and very eminent scholar. He was also considered a great sufi and a person who performed immense ibaadah. His state was such that whenever he heard the Quran being read, he used to weep without control. When people asked him the reason for his weeping, he remained silent. However, they soon realised that he was weeping because he had read a certain verse of the Quran.

 

When the son of Abu Jahl, Hadrat Sayyiduna Akramah May Allah have mercy upon him accepted Islam, he used to place the Quran in front and continued repeating, “this is the Divine Word of my Creator, this is the Divine Word of my Creator” and on most occasions, he used to fall down unconscious.

 

Even in the Quran in surah Az Zumar, the Quran mentions that when those who fear their Lord recite the Quran, they begin to tremble with fear and their hearts start to lean towards the Zikr of Allah.

 

Even in the present day, we see that if there is a good Qari among people who is reciting the Quran, people start to weep and become internally affected. Some even go into a state of immense spiritual ecstasy. Some have also reported to have torn their clothes as well.

 

His kufr was broken.

Jubair bin Mut’am was someone who once appeared in Madina shareef from Mecca shareef to discuss the issue of the prisoners of Badr. At that time, the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was reading the Maghrib salah. He admits that when he heard the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him reciting Surah Tur, he experienced an immense feeling within himself and an immense sense of fear and when the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him continued to read further, he could not stand any longer and decided to sit down. He felt that a lighting bolt of punishment had struck him and that he had been burnt to ashes.

 

It is mentioned that once, the great Imam, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Mubaarak May Allah have mercy upon him met an elderly female going for Hajj and when he started to speak to her, every answer of hers was a Quranic verse. This continued until she reached her caravan. And later when she passed away, he saw her in a dream and when he asked about her condition, again she replied by giving him an answer from the Quran. (Sayyaarah Digest. Lahore).

 

The Authority of Quran

One of the miracles of the Quran is its Ijaaz. What is Ijaaz? The Ulama have explained that this signifies conveying a potent message in the least amount of words. In spite of this, there is an ocean of meaning which emanates from these words.

 

One of the examples of this are the words of the Quran wherein it is stated that, “For you there is life in Qisas”. In this message, there are only about about three or four words. Yet, there is an ocean of knowledge and meaning which appears from these words. In these words, the punishment for murder has been sounded and commanded.

 

And the immense wisdom which is mentioned in these words also becomes apparent. As we have mentioned, there is tremendous wisdom in these words. If a person who kills another person who is innocent and is not punished, then the courage of this murderer increases to commit other such crimes in the future. In this manner, crime and murder would increase in a city or country. However, when another person sees the punishment which has befallen a murderer, he himself will refrain from committing such crime himself. In this way, many citizens would be saved and protected against crime.

 

In the present day, the death penalty has been abolished in certain countries and these so called “enlightened” people say that the death penalty is oppressive and tyrannical. They claim that the person is already killed, therefore to kill another person would make no sense. You may translate and use fancy words to describe all of this, but there is no doubt that in those countries in which the death penalty has been abolished, the crime rate is something to be seen. These same criminals are been taken care of and fed on a daily basis as if they were a special guest of the government.

 

With the result that those who murder and kill without conscious know that the only thing which will happen to them is that they will become a special guest of the government for many years. They will be fed, clothed and housed free of charge at the expense of other innocent tax payers and nothing else will be done to them. Merely by not adhering to the command of one single verse of the Quran, could create the destruction of an entire country. All this is encompassed in three or four words! When thinkers and philosophers have seen the “Ijaaz” of the Quran, they have become completely speechless.

 

The famous scholar of Adab and Lughat, namely Imam Ubaid mentions that once a villager heard someone recite the 94th verse of Surah Al Hajj. After listening to this verse, he fell into sajdah. When he arose from sajdah, he mentioned that he had bowed down to the immense eloquence of this verse of the Quran. In other words, the amazing eloquence of this verse had forced him to go into sajdah.

 

Once, another Bedouin heard someone recite the 80th verse of Surah Yusuf. After hearing this verse, he shouted out, “I bear witness that no human can create such words.” In other words, he was completely amazed and shocked at the immense eloquence of these words of the Quran.

 

Imam Asma’i is silenced by a five-year-old.

Imam Asma’i is considered as one of the greatest scholar in his period in the science of Arabic grammar and classical Arabic text. He narrates that once I heard a small child mention the words, “O Allah! I seek protection in You from all sins.” He then asked the child why she was seeking pardon for her sins while she was still a little child.

 

She then began to read a few lines of Arabic in such amazing classical style that the Imam of language was completely stunned. He then asked her where she had learned such classical Arabic from and she replied, “Are you still amazed at my Arabic in spite of the fact that you have read the 7th verse of Surah Al Qasas which is:

وَاَوْحَیۡنَاۤ اِلٰۤی اُمِّ مُوۡسٰۤی اَنْ اَرْضِعِیۡہِ ۚ فَاِذَا خِفْتِ عَلَیۡہِ فَاَلْقِیۡہِ فِی الْیَمِّ وَ لَا تَخَافِیۡ وَلَا تَحْزَنِیۡ ۚ اِنَّا رَآدُّوۡہُ اِلَیۡکِ وَ جَاعِلُوۡہُ مِنَ الْمُرْسَلِیۡنَ ﴿۷﴾

And We inspired the mother of Musa, suckle him, when you may have fear for him, then cast him into the river and fear not and nor grieve; undoubtedly, We shall return him to you and shall make him a Messenger.

In this specific verse of the Quran, many subjects and topics have been intertwined into one single verse. There are two prohibitions, two commands, two pieces of news, and two glad tidings. The two commands are that the Almighty is commanding the mother of Nabi Moosa Peace be upon him to feed him and to cast him into the river. The two prohibitions are that she should not fear nor grieve. The two bits of news are that she was inspired with news and secondly this was done when she was fearful. The two glad tidings are that he will be returned to her and he will also be included among the Prophets. There is no doubt that only those people would appreciate this who are well versed in the Arabic language and understand and appreciate the deep meaning and implication of certain statements.

Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him is amazed!

It is reported that once, the great leader was sleeping in the masjid when a person came and stood near his head side. This person also began to read the Kalimah. With the sound of this, the great leader of the Muslims awoke. He asked the person who he was and where he had come from. The person replied that he was a head priest from among the priests of Rome. He mentioned that one day, he heard a Muslim prisoner recite the 52nd verse of Surah Nur which is:

وَمَنۡ یُّطِعِ اللہَ وَ رَسُوۡلَہٗ وَ یَخْشَ اللہَ وَ یَتَّقْہِ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الْفَآئِزُوۡنَ ﴿۵۲﴾

And whoever obeys the command of Allah and His Noble Messenger, and fears Allah, and practices piety – so it is they who are the successful.

 

He also admitted that he was well versed in the Arabic language and that when he heard this verse and pondered on the meaning of this verse he reached the conclusion that whatever book was revealed on Nabi Esa Peace be upon him and whatever guidance was given in this book about this world and the hereafter, all of this is encompassed in this one single verse of the Quran. He also admitted that after looking at this verse and understanding the immense depth of meaning in this verse, he had accepted Islam and had made the trip to visit the great Muslim leader. (As Seeratun Nabawiyah).

 

The failed attempt of Musaylimah the liar.

Even this idiot tried his level best to challenge the Quran, but it is mentioned that when the little children heard his so called “revelation” they could not hold themselves from laughing. He tried to compete with the Quran but the only thing he did was make a failed attempt to describe a frog.

 

There was another who tried to compete with Surah Feel but again the only thing he did was describe an elephant with two legs and a task and nothing else. In fact, there have been many like this in history who only achieved failure and nothing else.

 

An Arabic expert hears a child read the Quran and becomes speechless.

 

Among the people who tried to compete with the Quran was also someone in Andalusia named Yahya bin Hakeem. He was considered as a great authority on the Arabic language and lived till the age of one hundred and thirteen. He also wanted to challenge Surah Ikhlaas but when he tried to do this, he experienced such immense fear and awe that he completely desisted from the idea. Finally, he realised that there was safety for him if he stopped his attempt. He also made sincere taubah and continued his entire life highlighting the immense greatness and eloquence of the Quran.

 

There was also another person named Al Muqaffah who was also considered an authority in the Arabic language and he also wanted to challenge the Quran. After spending months trying to do this, one day, he walked past a madressah and heard a little child recite the 44th verse of Surah Hud. When he heard this, he went home and tore up whatever he had written and concluded that no human can ever compete with the Quran.

 

What have we learnt?

There is no doubt that during the period the Quran was revealed, eloquence, classical Arabic poetry etc were at its zenith. Many ordinary citizens in Arabia had become famous for merely presenting a few lines of amazing poetry. There were yearly events in which the greatest poets of their day congregated and challenged the poetry of others. In fact, the ordinary citizens used to bow down and prostrate to the most eloquent poetry of the day. In fact, the historians admit that the seven qasidas which hung on the wall of the Kaba was so supreme in its eloquence that it remained unchallenged for nearly a hundred and fifty years. Obviously, in the face of this, it stood to reason that such an answer had to appear that would make people speechless and amazed. The miracle of the Quran was given to the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. When the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him started to recite the Quran in front of these masters of classical Arabic, they were completely shut and speechless. At the same time, they were hearing these words from a person whom they knew full well had not received any formal education. In front of the Quran these masters of the Arabic language appeared as kinder garden children. In fact, they appeared as if they were completely unlearned in the Arabic language.

 

In fact, some of them not wishing to admit defeat could only manage to say that this is nothing but magic. In other words, they accused the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him of being a magician, (ma’azzalah). They said that the Quran was magic and the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was a magician. Words like insanity and madness were also used by these people to insult and ridicule the Quran and the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. As the Quran began to appear, two groups of people appeared.

 

The first group were those who made it clear that the Quran which was revealed on the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him was neither magic, back magic or insane words or the words of someone who was insane. Among this group of people, some of them accepted Islam, however, many of them because of their pride, refused to accept Islam.

 

The second group of people who accepted the eloquence of the Quran but did not accept that it had any Ijaaz and they made a claim that if they wanted, they could also create something like the Quran. On many occasions however, as the Quran was revealed, many challenges were given to these people. They were challenged that if they were in doubt in what was sent to the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him, they could bring something like it. They were also told that they could bring as many helpers as they wanted both man and jinn to help them. However, as time went on, everyone realised that they could not answer the challenge of the Quran.

 

Various rules and regulations

When many people get together to read the Quran such as people do in a Khatam shareef, then on this occasion, everyone should read the Quran or Yaseen silently. However, children in the Madressah are allowed to read the Quran loudly. In fact, if children are stopped, it would damage their education.

 

We notice that in the present time, there is a habit of reading the Quran loudly the entire night in the form of an event which is called the Shabeenah. This is considered an evil Bid’ah because the night has been made for resting after the Taraweeh salah has been completed. At the same time to use loud speakers so that others can hear the Quran is also disturbing other Muslims from resting and this is therefore robbing the rights of other Muslims. We find that in other parts of the world, people read the Quran and perform the ibaadah inside the masjid without disturbing the people outside while in places like Pakistan, everyone on the outside of the masjid listens to the Quran while everyone inside the masjid is doing something else.

 

One is also not allowed to print the entire Quran like a small taweez where you can not even make out the words of the Quran. It is recommended that whenever you write the Quran, the words and letters must be clear and open. Remember that it is our duty to respect the Quran and when you write it in a small taweez format, no one can see what is written. It is also a great sin to read the Quran so fast that certain words are mispronounced or are changed. Those who are Haafiz of the Quran should remember this.

 

We find that in certain shops people are in the habit of playing recordings of the Quran while people are busy in their business, this is strictly not allowed. Remember that it is Fard-e-Kifaayah to listen to the Quran. If no one listens to the Quran, then everyone will be considered as sinners.

For a few people to sit together and read the Quran loudly among themselves is not allowed. Either one person should read aloud and the others listen or all of them should read the Quran silently. As we have also mentioned, the Madaaris is excused from this.

 

It is haraam to read the Quran out of sequence. Yes if one is out of salah and recites a few verses of the Quran which one knows, then there is no harm in this. (Shaami). At the same time, it is permitted to read portions of a surah but in sequence as is done during the Faatiha or Khatam shareef. (Tafseer Naeemi).

 

In the Fathul Qadeer from Khulaasah it is mentioned that when someone is recording issues of Fiqh, it is not permissible to recite the Quran loudly in front of him. Especially, since the person is busy and is unable to stop and listen to the Quran. In like manner, if there are people sleeping together, it is not permissible to read the Quran aloud.

 

The reason is that you are going to disturb the people who are sleeping and the person reading would become guilty of a sin. This is the reason that in the Sharah Al Maneeyah listening to the Quran has been termed as Fard-e-Kifaayah. In other words, if only one or a few people listen to the Quran, then this duty falls away from the others. In like manner, if many people are sitting and someone enters and makes salaam and only one person replies to this salaam, the duty of salaam falls away from the rest of the group. In other words, the act of Waajib falls away. (Raddul Mukhtaar).

 

It is haraam to read the Quran loudly in a market place. In fact the person who does this would be found guilty of destroying the respect which is due to the Quran.

 

When the Quran is placed in front of a person and he reads the Quran, his eyes should be on the Quran. In this manner, the person is also getting rewarded for looking at the Quran and also being rewarded for reading the Quran. One should not look around aimlessly on this occasion. (Raddul Muhtaar).

 

Imam Tabarani May Allah have mercy upon him records from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Mas’ud May Allah have mercy upon him that someone mentioned to the eminent companion that there is a person who reads the Quran in a wrong sequence. He replied that the heart of the person is upside down. (Majma’uz Zawaa’id). However, children who learn from the last part of the Quran are excused in this regard.

 

It is considered as more superior to look at the Quran and read than not to do so. Bear in mind that you also get rewarded for looking at the Quran as well. In fact, looking at the Quran is also considered as ibaadah. If one cannot read the Quran with all due humility, then it is better that he closes his eyes and read so that he can achieve humility and concentration. In like manner, it is mentioned that it is better not to close the eyes in salah and read the Quran, but if one achieves more concentration closing the eyes, then one is allowed to close the eyes.

 

Imam Tabarani records from Hadrat Sayyiduna Uthman bin Abdullah bin Aus Saqafi May Allah have mercy upon him that reading the Quran without looking at it achieves a state equal to one thousand degrees and to look and read achieves two thousand degrees. If there is a possibility of self conceit, then it is better to read the Quran softly otherwise, one should read the Quran loudly.

 

As this is considered better because it takes more effort. At the same time, it also helps others to listen to the Quran. A person reading should concentrate fully on what he is reading. He should also concentrate on the words he is reading because he gets rewarded for this also. Reading aloud also eliminates laziness and sleep. Bear in mind also that one should not disturb others who are sleeping or trying to sleep.

 

It is considered as Mustahab to read the Quran and at certain times, it is considered Makruh. It is makruh to read the Quran in ruku and sajdah. Also makruh for a Hanafi to read Quran behind an Imam. Also makruh in a public bath, in the toilet, to read the Quran when yawning. To read during the Jumuah khutbah. During tawaf, it is considered as Makruh by Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Malik May Allah have mercy upon him. The rest of the Imams give permission for this. To read more verses in the second rakah than the first rakah is also makruh. It is also makruh for the Imam to read such lengthy qirah which disturbs people. To read only one surah in every rakah of a Fard salah is also considered as Makruh.

 

If while reading the Quran, a saint, a scholar, ones parents or teachers arrives, then he is permitted to stand up and greet them. (Qadi Khan).

 

If a person is walking and he meets someone, he is allowed to greet that person and commence reading the Quran after reading the Ta’ooz and Tasmiyah.

 

It is better not to greet, however, if the person greets the Qari, the Qari is allowed to reply to the salam through a sign. If the Qari has verbally answered the salam, then he must read the Ta’ooz and Tasmiyah and then recommence the recital.

 

During the recital, if one sneezes, then is he allowed to read the Al Hamdu lillah as this is mustahab.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Umar May Allah have mercy upon him has recommended that the Quran should be completed in thirty days and not less than seven days. In other words, do not make it a habit of completing the Quran in less than seven days. (Bukhari shareef).

 

It is better to complete the Quran in ones salah especially in the sunnah of the Fajr. If one completes it other than in a salah, then it is recommended to do so in the first part of the day or night.

 

It was also the habit of Hadrat Sayyiduna Aanis May Allah have mercy upon him to gather his family when he was about to complete the recital of the Quran and make dua. In some ahadith it is mentioned that during the completion of the Quran, the Divine Grace of the Almighty also descends. In one report by Hadrat Sayyiduna ibn Abbas May Allah have mercy upon him, it is mentioned that nearly four hundred angels gather to mention the Ameen at this time. It is mustahab to make dua after completing the Quran.

 

To try and explain the Quran, its meaning and tafseer without proper knowledge is haraam. In the hadith shareef it is mentioned that whoever explains the Quran with his own opinion, even though he may be right, still he has committed a mistake. (Sunan Abi Daud shareef).

 

To memorize the Quran and then forget it, is considered a great sin. Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad bin Abaadah May Allah have mercy upon him narrates that on the day of Judgement, he will meet the Almighty in a state of blindness. (Abu Daud shareef).

 

The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him has stated that once a list of sin and transgression was presented to him and he did not see a greater sin than when a person forgets any verse of the Quran (after memorizing it). Bearing this in mind, Hadrat Sayyiduna ibn Mas’ud May Allah have mercy upon him has mentioned that a person should not say that he had forgotten a certain verse but he should say that a certain verse as forgotten him. (Bukhari shareef).

It is permissible to read the Quran and make Damm or blow on another. Hadrat Sayyidah Ayesha May Allah have mercy upon her mentions that prior to sleeping, the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him used to read surah Ikhlas, surah Falaq and surah Naas and then blow on his palms and then rub his palms over his entire body as far as his hands could reach. (Bukhari shareef).

 

From Tafseer Naeemi.

If one recites the Quran and blows on anyone, insha Allah, the person will become well. We see that when we pass an orchard, the scent of the flowers are found all around the area. Why, the reason is that the wind has transported this scent all around the area. Through this scent, a person also feels very comfortable. If this is the effect of scent which is transported by the wind, imagine the effect of the words of the Quran! Why should these words not cause change in a person.

 

Certainly, the Quran contains a cure for all ailments. The blessed Ashaab could cure a snake bite by reading Surah Fatiha. In like manner, when a taweez is written and kept near a person, it also helps and assist a person. It is said that if a green cloth is placed near someone whose eyes are troubling him, the green cloth will help a person. Placing surmah in one’s eyes also helps the eyes. If this is the powerful effect of normal medication which we use all the time, why would the words of the Quran not help us? In fact, the words of the Quran would prove even more powerful and beneficial. The blessed Ashaab were able to attain a cure from the words and verses of the Quran.

 

Those words and taweez which has been condemned in the ahadith, are the words and taweez which were used in the days of ignorance. These words were used calling on idols. What similarity has this with the Quran? In like manner, if one recites the Quran and conveys the reward to someone else, that person certainly receives the reward. If I can give my money which I have earned to anyone, why can I not give the reward of what I have recited to anyone else. Yes, the difference with wealth is that when it is distributed among a few people, then it is finished. However, reward for reading the Quran can be distributed among millions of people and still it would not become finished. Everyone of these millions would receive the reward and thawab. It is the same with someone who teaches knowledge, his personal knowledge does not finish but in fact, this knowledge increases.

 

Today, it is through our ignorance that we have robbed ourself of the immense reward which is found in the Quran. At the same time, people have actually confined the benefit of the Quran through their own stupidity and ignorance. Some people give the impression that the Quran was only revealed so that we can use it to read and blow on sick people and it should be kept in one corner of the house for the sake of baarakah. When a person dies, the Yaseen should be recited and the reward conveyed to the deceased and that’s it. In other words, the Quran has not been revealed for us to make amal on or practise upon.

 

As far as guidance for other issues are concerned in politics etc, the guidelines of Christians and Jews are there. There is no need for the Quran. In other words, the jaahil says that politics is something else and the Quran is something else. This is the reason that many people in their ignorance have ignored the Quran in place for Western law. We see this among some of the rich and powerful in areas like the Punjab where these idiots have ignored the Quran and robbed their daughters of their rights to inheritance choosing instead Western law. In fact, they have used the law to rob their own children! How will they answer on the day of Judgement?

 

Some have said that no, the Quran has only being revealed so that we can practise on it and nothing else. To regularly recite the Quran, to use it to make Damm, to make taweez from it, to make Esaale Thawab by reading the Quran, all of these things are something which is against wisdom and intelligence. The Quran was only revealed so that we can practise on it and not because we should read it all the time. They say that this is only a book and not something which can cure anyone. These are some of the thoughts which are affecting the so called “modern mind” among the Muslims. In fact, some of the idiots who are thinking in these lines are people like Moududi, Inaayatullah Mashriqi and the common Deoband Wahabi. However, all of these people should certainly get a noble price for their stupidity because there are no one greater in the rank of stupidity than these people. Hence it is only right that they be rewarded.

 

Yet, when we look at our physical body, we will find that there are many uses for one single part. The same with our wealth. We use our eyes for crying and also seeing. We place surmah in them and achieve beauty. We hold with our hands and also use it to hit others. We also use it to block the blow from others. We use our tongue to speak, to eat, to be able to taste and when something is hot, we blow on it and make it cold.

 

In like manner, various ibaadah can be explained also. Fasting is a form of ibaadah. It can also be a means of expiation for ones oath, a poor person who cannot afford to marry, it can be a means of him controlling his nafs and carnal desires.

 

In like manner, there are countless advantages for the Quran both wordily and also religiously. Ones salah is completed by reading the Quran, one begins eating by reading the Quran. We are able to learn about a certain law through the Quran. A sick person can become well by reading certain portions of the Quran. One can use the Quran to make a Taweez. One can read the Quran to attain immense reward. One can practise on the Quran. The Quran is a set of laws for a king. It is a sword for a Mujaahid.

 

It is a cure for someone who is ill, a support for the poor and sick in the hand of the weak. A taweez for a child, a guidance for those who have no guidance, a source of life for the spiritually dead, a warning for those who do not listen, path of light for those are who looking for the right path, a remover of rust from the heart which is effected by rust. If the Quran was only for the purpose of giving rules and regulations, then besides theses rules and regulations, it would have nothing else in it. It would not contain the Divine Attributes of the Almighty, verses which are Mutashaa bihaat, the stories of the Prophets, verses which have been abrogated etc.

 

The reason is that in none of these are there to be found issues which relate to rules and regulations. At the same time, it would not have those points within it, which would not enable a person to practise upon. Examples of this are such things as not raising your voice above the voice of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. Or how to invite the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him with utmost respect and reverence. Or laws which pertain to the blessed wives of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. It is mentioned that this Quran is such in which has been revealed Shifa and a source of grace for the believers. If this is the case, then there should not only be verses which pertain to laws and regulations.

 

Logical explanation.

Those who say that the Quran is merely a book and there is no benefit in reading a mere book are completely incorrect. There are certain items in which there is a certain special effect in their name and in reading it. When a letter comes to a traveller from home, he becomes happy and joyous. If he is unwell, perchance his sickness may decrease. When a person receives bad news, his state changes. When you call someone a donkey, he is also effected by these insults. Sometimes when you take the name of an item in front of someone, his mouth fills with water. When a person sees a lemon while he is fasting, his tongue becomes moist. Not every medication is for consuming, sometimes it is only for seeing or listening to. If this is the result and effect of mere creation, what must be the result in the Divine Message of the Almighty? Ponder on this carefully. (Tafseer Naeemi).

 

The amazing generosity of Quran.

There are two types of generous entity. The first is that person who calls a needy person and gives him something. The second is that person who actually goes to the house of the needy person and gives him something. The Kaba is generous, the Quran is generous. However, if you need anything from the Kaba you go the Kaba while the Quran comes into your house and helps you. As for those who are not learned, the Ulama have been sent to them like a rain of grace and blessing.

 

The immense Nur of Quran

The sun is that bright light which shines on half the world. At the time same time, it shines on that which is in the open and on those objects which are in front of its rays. However, when the rain appears, the brightness of the sun begins to decrease. At times, it can suffer from an eclipse. It also suffers from three stages in its circle of brightness which is morning, midday and afternoon. However, the Quran is that mighty light which shines on the entire world at one time. It does not only shine on the outer part of a human but also shines on the inside of a person.

 

The light of the Quran is the same in the open plains as it is in the darkest of caves. It never suffers from an eclipse and neither does rain diminish its Nur and brightness. This the reason that the Almighty has clearly mentioned in the Quran that He has indeed sent a clear and bright light in the form of the Quran. Man certainly does not have the means to fully explain the greatness and excellence of the Quran.

 

The greatness of the message

There is no doubt that the status and stature of a message is determined by who has sent that message. If we had to say something, no one will even take notice of what we said or mentioned. However, if the president of a country or some mighty leader had to utter something, the whole world will print that message. That message will find itself in various media platforms. This proves that the status of a message is determined by who has sent that message. When we understand this, now try to imagine the status and stature of the Quran and remember who has sent this message!

 

There can be no other message like the Quran because it has been sent by the Divine Creator. There is a famous statement which explains that the word of a king is the king of words. In this Divine Message of the Almighty, every branch of knowledge and wisdom is to be found. Everyone is able to acquire as much as he can be able to acquire. When we look at the various Tafaasir found in the world, each person has been able to explain as much as his knowledge has enabled him to explain.

 

When we look at those who have relied on logics to explain their message it seems like the Quran from the beginning to the end is based on logic. Those who have relied on grammar and syntax to explain their message, it seems like the Quran is only filled with this faculty of knowledge. Those who have based their explanation on eloquence and classical Arabic, it seems like the Quran only contains this faculty. The Sufis have explained the Quran in a sufistic manner and it is like the Quran is filled with pearls of Sufism and spiritual knowledge.

 

This proves beyond a doubt that the Quran is for everyone and has every type of knowledge. However, as you search in your own manner, you will find answers in it to your own questions. You will also only find as much as you have the acumen to find. It  can be explained as that ship which docks at a certain place. In this ship, there is the captain and every type of other passenger to be found.

 

However, if someone asks any passenger about certain aspects of the sea, he will find it difficult to answer. The reason is that he is only looking at the surface of the water. However if one asks the captain, he will be able to explain in depth what is even below the water. He will be able to explain the depth of the water is so much. There are such and such mountains found below the ocean etc. He will explain how he navigated so that the ship would remain safe. In the same way, we read the Quran and people like Imam Abu Hanifah May Allah have mercy upon him used to read the Quran. The blessed Ashaab used to read the Quran and the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him used to recite the Quran.

 

The book is the same, but the qualification and capacity of each is different. We can only look at the outer appearance of a word, while these blessed souls can look into the inner meaning of each word. They can even take out a ruling from each letter and each word. In the Bahiqi shareef, it is mentioned that Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him completed the study of only Surah Baqarah after twelve years in front of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. Look at this example, the student is one of the most learned individuals in classical Arabic and the teacher is the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and the time taken to learn only one surah is twelve years! What did the teacher teach and what did the student learn, this is only known to the teacher and the student.

 

Imagine if the One teaching is the Creator Himself!

 

In Surah Ar Rahman, this fact is mentioned. It is mentioned:

اَلرَّحْمٰنُ ۙ﴿۱﴾

The Most Affectionate
عَلَّمَ الْقُرْاٰنَ ؕ﴿۲﴾

Taught the Quran to His beloved.

 

Again we can safely ask, what did the Creator teach to His beloved Habeeb and what did the beloved Habeeb learn? This is only known to the Creator and the Habeeb himself. This is the reason that the writer of Tafseer Ruhul Bayaan explains that once, Jibraeel Ameen brought a message to the Holy Prophet which only contained three special letters.

 

He then said, “Alif”, the Holy Prophet May Allah have mercy upon him replied, “I have understood”. Jibraeel Ameen then said, “Laam”. The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him replied, “I have certainty.” Jibraeel Ameen said, “Meem”. The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him replied, “This is His Grace”.  Jibraeel Ameen then asked, “O Prophet of Allah, what have you understood and learnt, I have understood nothing.” The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him replied, “This is a secret between me and My Creator.”

 

This clearly teaches us that no matter how learned a person may be or how educated he is, he will never be able to say that he has fully understood the Quran. The Quran is an ocean without limits and an ocean without a shore. You can only fill as much as your container can carry and therefore, you will never be able to say that your container contains the ocean. The Quran is a manifestation of the Divine Greatness of the Almighty. As there is no limit to his Divine Greatness, in like manner, there is no end to the greatness of the Quran.

 

There are many miracles of the Prophets which remain only in the history books, nothing is physically seen today, yet, there are many miracles of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him which will continue to be seen until the day of Judgement.

 

Remember that there are more than six thousand verses in the Quran and every verse is a miracle of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him for which there is no comparison. The heart never tires reading it and in like manner the love and reverence for Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him continues to exist in the heart of every believer. We have seen Hindus and Sikhs crying when they heard the blessed name of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. In like manner, his remembrance continues in every part of the world and in every spoken language. This is also a living miracle which people continue to see everyday and will continue to see everyday until the day of Judgement.

 

An immense benefit

The benefits of the Quran cannot be encompassed in any language, through any pen or within any heart or mind. Suffice to say that it can satisfy the needs of the entire universe whether it be physical, spiritual, internally or externally. If we truly practise on the message of the Quran in the light of the Ahadith and Fiqh, we will have no need for other guidance. Sadly, the world has come to a state where greater reliance is placed on the intellect than proper testimony. In other words, instead of appreciating the scent of a rose, people generally would rely on the smell of a rubbish dump. Therefore, we will present a few points that would certainly appeal to the intellect of a person. In the hadith shareef it is mentioned that in that house in which Surah Baqarah is recited every day, that house would be protected from the satan. In like manner, it would be protected from all evil, black magic and other curses.

 

On the day of Judgement, Surah Baqarah and Ale Imran will be a shadow over the heads of those who used to recite these surahs. They will also intercede for the person. A person who reads Ayatul Kursi every morning and evening, that house would be protected from fire and theft.

 

The recital of surah Ikhlas is equal to one third of the Quran. This is why it is recited three times during a fatiha and during a khatam shareef. As far as the voice of the person reaches who reads the Quran, everything, such as the tress, the grass, the walls and everything else will bear witness for him on the day of Judgement.

 

Even if a person does not understand the Quran, for every letter a person recites, he will receive ten rewards. Therefore, the Alif Laam Meem are three separate letters. In other words, merely reading these letters achieve thirty rewards for the person. Also bear in mind that these letters are part of the Mutashaa bihaat. Even Jibraeel Ameen has admitted that he does not know the true meaning of these letters which appear in the Quran. Still, one gets rewarded for reading these letters.

 

Again, we say that merely looking and reading even without understanding, achieves reward for the person. The same with medication. Even if a person does not know the ingredients of the medication, still if it is prescribed for him, it will be able to help and assist him. We notice that people look after various domestic animals. Yet, humans have a fondness to look after parrots. The reason is that they like the parrot to speak their language even though the parrot does not seem to understand a word.

 

In like manner, if you continue to speak the language of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him through the Quran, you will also become a beloved slave of Allah. Those people who refute this, should ponder on the behaviour of people towards a parrot. A person who reads the Quran and practises upon it, on the day of Judgement, his parents would be given a shinning crown to wear whose shine would be brighter than the sun. As we have already stated; to look at the Quran achieves double reward compared to reading the Quran without looking at it.

 

A path to salvation

There is no doubt that it is ibaadah to look at certain things. These would include the Quran, the Kaba, the faces of ones parents, a Sunni scholar etc. Reading the Quran and remembering death also removes the rust from ones heart as a cleaner removes rust. A person who reads Surah Waaqi’ah every evening, will never become poor. When a person who used to recite Surah Alif Laam Meem Tanzeel, enters the grave, this surah intercedes for him in the following words, ‘O Allah, If I am part of Your kalaam, then pardon this person or else remove me from Your kalam.”

 

This surah also protects the person in the grave as a bird protects and covers its off springs and it also saves him from all types of punishment. A person who is in the habit of reading surah Yaseen in the morning before midday, all his needs would be fulfilled and all his sins would be pardoned. Difficulties would be become easier. This is why we are commanded to read this for a person who has passed away. If it is recited for a sick person, he or she will be cured.

 

A person who reads Surah Kaafirun before he sleeps is protected from all kufr and he will leave this world with Imaan. Reading Surah Falaq and Naas eliminates darkness and storm.

 

A person who is regular in reading these surahs, will also be protected against all black magic. Surah Faatiha protects a person against all spiritual and physical ailments. We will present the benefits of each surah later on in this book. (Taseer Naeemi).

 

The books of Tafseer should also be respected and treated like the revealed books, In other words, one should not read or touch them without Wudu. Other religious books do not fall into this category, but it is recommended that one reads and touches all religious with Wudu. (Majma’ul Fataawah).

 

Kufr words or actions against the Quran

Whoever rejects any verse of the Quran, or ridicules any verse or attributes a fault or defect to any verse, that person becomes a kaafir.

 

A person who begins to read the Quran and then starts to play the Daff or a flute to accompany his reading, that person also becomes a kaafir.

 

If someone says that indeed the Quran is very lofty, however, it has not protected us against any jinn or sin, that person will also become a kaafir.

 

There is also a latest kufr trend among people. When some people are very hungry, they say to their friends that their stomach is reading Qul huwallah, this is also kufr and a person leaves the folds of Islam. (Fataawah Tataar Khaaniyah).

 

The law about becoming a kaafir

When a person has become guilty of committing some of the above mentioned kufr and he wishes to become a Muslim once again, then he has to read the Kalimah again and if he is married, he has to re-perform his nikah. Even if the person has uttered these words without knowledge, still it is recommended that he re reads the kalimah and re-performs his nikah. If he has mentioned a word or made a statement which is doubtful whether or not it is kufr, still too, it is better to reread the kalimah. He should also withdraw that word or statement. If there are certain words or statement which are considered as sinful and not kufr, in that case he does not have to re-perform his nikah. (Muheet).

 

When a person makes taubah, then he should mention the word or statement he is making taubah for. If he does not remember the word or statement, then he should merely admit all those words and statements which he has uttered. After this, he should mention that he believes in the Almighty, His angels, His Prophets, His Divine Revelations etc.

 

People are under the impression that when a person makes the nikah again, he has to invite the whole neighbourhood, call the Imam of the masjid and also give the Imam something in his hand. He has to prepare a few pots of food. In this way, a lot of money is spent. Please bear in mind that none of these things are required when one has to re perform the nikah. Merely the following has to be completed.

 

The mehr has to be given again and if the wife pardons this, then there is no need to give the Mehr. There has to be witnesses for this nikah. Two males or one male and two females. These people can also be his close relatives.

 

However, bear in mind that the witnesses have to be mature and sensible. The condition for nikah is ijaab and qubul. This means that one party has to admit that, “I have given myself in marriage to you” and the other party admits, “I have accepted.”. This can either be the male or the female. The ijaab and qubul can be from any one of them. (Raddul Muhtaar).

 

The Divine Truth in the Quran and the word of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him is the Hadith.

 

Prior to us explaining the excellences of the Quran from the ahadith, it is important that we first explain the difference between the both. The first that that needs to be borne in mind that both the Quran and the ahadith are a revelation from the Almighty and both are to be obeyed. However, the difference between them is that the subject in the Quran and the words in the Quran are both from the Almighty while the subject in the hadith shareef is from the Almighty while the words are from the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. The subject of the hadith was revealed by the Almighty through Divine Inspiration or came through the Angels.

 

However, the message was delivered through the blessed words of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. This is why it is necessary to accept the hadith and to practise upon it. However, this is also the reason why we cannot recite the hadith in the salah. The reason is that one practises on the subject while in the salah, words are something which are recited, hence, only the words of the Quran be recited. At the same time, a command of the Quran can be abrogated by a hadith because of the fact that practise is based upon the subject matter. An example of this is the practise of Sajdah Ta’zeem or making sajdah to someone out of respect which is mentioned in the Quran, however, the Quran has nullified this practise.

 

This is the reason why the Quran has mentioned one of the attributes of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him as being someone “who teaches the kitab and wisdom”. If there was no need for the ahadith, then the word wisdom would not have been mentioned. It would have been sufficient to merely mention the word “kitab”. Also bear in mind that accepting the hadith does not mean that the Quran is incomplete. The Quran is a complete book, however, to be able to practise on the Quran in a proper manner means that we need the advice and guidance of a complete human and that is the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. We see that there are many valuable items in the ocean, however, to be able to retrieve all of this, we need a professional diver or an expert that would be able to retrieve all this valuable items for us.

 

If every person was able to extract the meaning of the Quran and be able to understand the Quran himself, why would there have been a need to send a Prophet? As it is necessary to accept the Hadith in spite of the fact that the Quran is present, in like manner it is also necessary that we accept Fiqh and again it would not infer that the Quran and hadith are incomplete. This is that the reason that the Quran has clearly mentioned, “Obey Allah and obey the Prophet and those in authority among you.” The people in authority are certainly the A’immah Mujtahideen.

 

Another important point to bear in mind is that every words and action of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him is referred to as hadith. Whether it is something which we can practise upon or not. However, sunnah achieved from the hadith are words and actions which we can practise upon. This is also the reason that the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him has mentioned that, “Upon you is my sunnah”. He did not mention “Upon you is my hadith”. Therefore, there can never be a person in the entire world who can classify himself as a Ahle Hadith because it is impossible to practise upon every hadith, yes, a person can call himself a Ahle Sunnah because it is possible to practise upon every sunnah.

 

True servitude is accepting the word and guidance of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him.

It is necessary upon a person to accept the Divine Commands of the Almighty. However, this can only be done when this is mentioned by the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. Bear in mind that the Almighty never speaks directly to mankind. Even if Jibraeel Ameen came and mentioned a few commands, still to, it would not have been necessary upon us to practise upon that. In like manner, if there is a person who is not a Prophet and he reveals a dream to us, or a so called inspired message to us or a so called invisible message which came to him, in all of these things, it would not be necessary upon us to obey him.

 

In the Mishkaat shareef it is mentioned that one day Jibraeel Ameen appeared in front of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and started to question the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him about issues like Imam etc. The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him continued to answer his questions. After a few minutes, he left. The Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him then mentioned to the blessed Ashaab, “that was Jibraeel who had come to teach you, your religion.” If we look at this incident, Jibraeel Ameen did not say, “my friends, I am Jibraeel Ameen and I hereby command you to practise on a few issues.”

 

The reason is that he fully well that it is nor Waajib upon the Muslims to obey his command. This is the reason that he allowed the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him to answer these questions so that these words would become the words of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him which he could mention to people. In like manner, the statement and decisions of the four Imams are also based on the Divine Command of the Almighty and the advice of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him.

 

In other words, we can safely say that obeying the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him is also obeying the Almighty. Another amazing fact which should be borne in mind is that even the dream of a Prophet can sometimes be a Divine revelation. Nabi Ebrahim Peace be upon him saw in a dream that he was sacrificing his son even though to slaughter an innocent person is considered a crime. Yet, at that one moment, this law was set aside for Nabi Ebrahim Peace be upon him. If any other person in the world sees a dream like this, he can never practise on this dream and if does, he would be considered a criminal and something which is against the shariah. At the same time, it must be remembered that Jibraeel Ameen is neither a Prophet nor the teacher of a Prophet. He is merely a messenger between the Almighty and His Prophets. He is a servant of the Prophets. A Prophet is someone who has complete authority in religious matters given to him by the Almighty while position is not enjoyed by Jibraeel Ameen. It can be compared to a king and his minister and the person who delivers the royal message. The person who delivers the royal message can never be considered a minister. A minister will always be a minister and it is through him that the subjects are ordered to obey a certain royal decree. (Tafseer Naeemi).

 

An important explanation

In the Mishkaat shareef, the definition of a hadith shareef has been explained in the following manner. It is, “In the terminology of the majority of Muhaditheen, (they have mentioned that the hadith) is the word of the Prophet, the action of a Prophet and the speech of a Prophet. It is (also), the word of a companion, the action of a companion and the speech of a companion. It is (also) the word of a Taaba’e, the action of a Taaba’e and the speech of a Taaba’e. This is considered as a hadith.

 

(The words “speech” in this regard would mean an action which was performed in front of one of them and they did not object to it).

Nawab Siddique Husain Bhopali in his book “Hittu” on page 24 has also presented the same definition even though some people have mentioned that it signifies only the word, action and speech of a Prophet. (Another important point to bear in mind is that Imam Zehbi May Allah have mercy upon him has mentioned that Imam Abu Hanifah May Allah have mercy upon him is among the Taaba’een and there is no doubt in this fact. In the Tadkiratul Huffaz it is written that the great Imam had seen Hadrat Sayyiduna Aanis May Allah have mercy upon him on many occasions when he arrived in Kufah. The same has been mentioned by Khateeb Baghdadi in his Taarikh on page 9).

 

It must also be borne in mind that narration is based on two methods. The first is through clear and apparent sanad and the second is through testimony or evidence. In other words, a certain companion related a certain action or statement towards the Holy Prophet making it necessary or mustahab. In this fashion, numerous ahadith can now be proven. For example, if you had asked a certain scholar about how one’s Wudu breaks and he mentions something like it breaks through going to the toilet etc, and even though this might not be clearly seen by you in a hadith, however, there may be various other ahadith which you are unaware of which proves this law. Therefore, you cannot start screaming and shouting and demanding to know where this law is found in which hadith. When the Ulama mention this to you, it stands to reason that it is found through one of the three main factors explained.

 

Caution practised by the blessed Ashaab.

There are many reports which prove that the blessed Ashaab practised extreme caution when narrating any hadith shareef. The also displayed immense fear. In fact some of them ordered others not to freely narrate a hadith so that they do not become guilty of saying something which is wrong or attributing something incorrect towards the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him. Bear in mind that they always kept the blessed words of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him in front of them which is that, “if anyone attributes a lie towards me, he should prepare his abode in hell.”

 

It is mentioned that Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy upon him had a compilation of nearly five hundred Ahadith. As long as it remained with him, he never slept peacefully. Finally, one day, he had all of these ahadith burnt. This was simply based on caution. One day, in a khutbah, he mentioned, “You people mention ahadith all around but you do not see that people may become victims of dispute after you therefore, do not mention ahadith in this fashion. (In other words, before you mention a hadith shareef, look carefully, think carefully and then mention the hadith) (Tadkiratul Huffaz. Imam Zehbi).

 

Recently, I saw a large poster in red declaring that “There are four days in Qurbani”. Yet, it was a poster displayed by those people who have the habit of always demanding proof from a hadith which is only found in the Sihah Sittah. Yet, no where in this poster, did they have the decency of placing a hadith shareef from the Sihah Sittah. Can we say that these people fit the description of what has just been mentioned by Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy upon him. Certainly not.

 

In the Musannaf of Abdur Razak it is mentioned that when Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him became the leader of the Muslims, he mentioned that one should encourage those reports which encourage action. In fact, he was so strict that he placed a restriction on eminent Ashaab like Hadrat Sayyiduna ibn Mas’ud, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Darda and Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Mas’ud Ansari May Allah have mercy upon them from mentioning any hadith which deals with tadkirah. Once, someone asked Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah May Allah have mercy upon him whether he used to mention ahadith in such excess during the time of Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him. He replied, “If I had mentioned the same number of Ahadith in the time of Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him as I mention in your generation, he would have used his whip against me.” (Tadkiratul Huffaz. Imam Zehbi).

 

It is mentioned that whenever Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdulla ibn Mas’ud used to mention any hadith shareef, he used to perspire profusely. He used to also admit, “if Allah wishes, this hadith is in this manner”. In like manner, he sometimes used to deliver lessons the entire year and never used to mention once that this is what the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him mentioned. (Tabqaat Ibn Sa’ad). In other words, the blessed companions displayed immense caution and fear when mentioning the blessed words of the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him and from this, we can now imagine how authentic the hadith is. It is also mentioned that when Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Umar May Allah have mercy upon him used to see someone mentioning a hadith shareef without stopping, he used to declare, “If Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy upon him was present in this generation, he would have given us severe punishment.” A’mash states, “There is no nation worse than those who mention the hadith without care and caution

 

This is the reason that there is very less Ijtihad of Imam Abu Hanifah May Allah have mercy upon him in the Hanafi jurisprudence and more reports from Hadrat Sayyiduna ibn Mas’ud who mentioned to Imam Alqamah who mentioned to Imam Nakh’i and who mentioned to Imam Hammad May Allah have mercy upon the. This is the foundation of Fiqh Hanafi. I had recorded this many years ago from an article by Allamah Abu Yusuf Mohammed Shareef of Kotli being an article under the title “Fiqh is actually Hadith”.

 

This was also on the occasion of a major debate which took place between Mufti Azam Pakistan Syed Abul Barakat May Allah have mercy upon him with the Wahabi Ahle Hadith Abdul Majeed. This took place in area called the fort of Lutchman Singh in Lahore. The Wahabi was terribly defeated in this debate.

 

There is no doubt that those people who have love and reverence in their hearts for the Holy Prophet peace and salutations be upon him, they also posses love and respect for the Ashaab and the Ahle Bait and the Awliyah, they are always spiritually supported in their effort to protect and safeguard the Ahle Sunnah wa Jamaah. In fact, success always follows in their footstep wherever they go.

 

This is contrary to those who people who are always looking for faults in the eminent souls of Islam because of their hidden enmity. However, we make dua for the guidance of everyone. We also make dua that people create in their hearts love and reverence for the Ashaab, the Ahle Bait and the Awliyah so that they can safeguard themselves from Divine Wrath. Remember that the Almighty has clearly stated that he who has enmity towards My friend, I give him declaration of war. People should safeguard themselves against Divine Wrath instead of insulting those blessed souls of Islam who spent their entire life serving and protecting the truth of Islam.

 

There are numerous ahadith which testify to the excellence and greatness of the Quran and they are spread all over the various book of Ahadith. We have extracted these with their meaning and with some of them, we have also extracted the explanation which has appeared with them. Wherever we have felt that there needs to be further clarification, we have also done that as well.

 

Besides this, we will also present a few incidents from recent times which again prove the excellence and status of the Holy Quran. These latest and modern day incidents have been taken from the Siyaarah Digest on their special edition on the excellence of the Quran. In like manner, the messages from various other manuscripts have also been mentioned.

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