Download PDF: [S] Proof of the Oneness of Allah
Muhammad bin Abdur Rahman bin Abi Layla narrates from his brother Esa who mentions that he once went to visit Abu Ma’bad Abdullah bin Hakeem who was ill. He asked him. “Why do you not place a Taweez or something?” He replied that death was better than this. If there is something which is Shirk on this (Taweez), that is returned to the person (as a form of punishment). (Tirmidhi Shareef)
In the Hadith-e-Qudsi, Allah Almighty has mentioned about the false gods of people. He has stated, “He who wishes to create like Me, if he has such power, then tell him to create a small object or even a lice.” (Sahih Bukhari Shareef)
Imam Razi – may Allah be pleased with him – mentions the 21st and 22nd verse of Surah Baqarah as proof of the Divine Oneness of Allah Almighty. In this verse, the Qur’an declares:
یٰۤاَیُّہَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوۡا رَبَّکُمُ الَّذِیۡ خَلَقَکُمْ وَالَّذِیۡنَ مِنۡ قَبْلِکُمْ لَعَلَّکُمْ تَتَّقُوۡنَ﴿ۙ۲۱﴾
الَّذِیۡ جَعَلَ لَکُمُ الۡاَرْضَ فِرٰشًا وَّالسَّمَآءَ بِنَآءً ۪ وَّاَنۡزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَآءِ مَآءً فَاَخْرَجَ بِہٖ مِنَ الثَّمَرٰتِ رِزْقًا لَّکُمْ ۚ فَلَا تَجْعَلُوۡا لِلہِ اَنۡدَادًا وَّ اَنۡتُمْ تَعْلَمُوۡنَ﴿۲۲﴾
“O mankind! Worship your Lord, Who has created you and those before you, in the hope of attaining piety. The One Who has appointed the earth a base for you, and the sky a canopy – and caused water to pour down from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you; and do not knowingly set up rivals to Allah!”
After mentioning this verse, Imam Razi – may Allah be pleased with him – explains that this verse is indeed a great sign of the Divine Power of Divine Oneness of Allah Almighty. He has indeed created different things with different shapes in the heavens and on earth. These objects container different colours, different habits, different attributes, different advantages and different benefits. The mere presence of these creations is a clear proof of the Divine Existence the Allah Almighty.
A simple Bedouin once mentioned the following words.
It is reported that once a Bedouin was asked, “What testimony is there for the Divine Presence of Allah Almighty?”
He replied, “When we look at dung, we can testify to the presence of a camel. When we see footprints on the sand, we can easily conclude that a person has walked past. If this is the case, the celestial objects and heavenly bodies, the different aspects of the earth itself, the waves on the ocean, as these not sufficient proof and testimony of the Divine Presence of Allah Almighty?’
When Harun Rashid asked Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – upon about evidence for the Divine Existence of Allah Almighty, the great Imam replied, “The various languages which are present, the various sounds and voices, all these prove His Divine Existence.”
The same happened once with Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam A’zam – may Allah be pleased with him. When the person asked him for testimony in this regard, he said that he was thinking. He then said to the person, “Once people described to me the qualities of an amazing ship. In this ship, there are many items of sale but no one is the owner of these items and no one takes care of it guards it. However, the ship travels wherever it wishes and stops wherever it wishes. There is no captain on this boat and no sailors”.
However, the atheist completely refuted this when he heard about such a boat and mentioned that this was something which the great Imam had merely made up in his mind. When the great Imam heard this reply, he said to the atheist, “If you are not prepared to believe such a thing, how can this entire creation operate and remain in existence without someone in charge.”
When the atheist heard this reply, he was speechless and decided to accept Islam.