Download PDF: [S] The Bravery of Imam ‘Amash and Imam Taa’us
It is reported that once, the leader of the Ummayad Dynasty, Hishaam bin Abdul Malik, sent a special written notice to Imamul Hadith, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Amash – may Allah be pleased with him, which read, “I want you people to record the noble and good qualities of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman – may Allah be pleased with him – and the bad qualities of Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and have it sent to me.”
When the great Imam received this command, he called a goat and fed the goat this order. He then turned to the official who had brought this message and said to him, “You must inform the King that this is the answer to his request.”
However, the official was extremely panic-stricken and said, “Hadrat! We have been instructed to bring your written reply and if we went back empty-handed, our lives would be in great danger.”
When Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Amash – may Allah be pleased with him – saw the state of this poor official, he felt extremely sorry and he decided to write a reply to this. He wrote, “O leader of the Muslims! If Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman Ghani – may Allah be pleased with him – was blessed with all the best of qualities, still too, it would be of no benefit to you. In like manner, if Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – was blessed with all the best of qualities, still too, there would be no harm to you. Therefore, you should think about your own Nafs and only think about your own good and bad deeds.” (Ibn Kalakaan)
It is also mentioned that once, the Khalifah in Baghdad Shareef, Abu Jafer Mansur, called Imamul Muhaddith, Abdullah bin Taa’us – may Allah be pleased with him – to his court.
At that moment, there were also a few soldiers who were standing with their swords drawn. They stood in this manner waiting for the ruler to order them to behead anyone he wished. The Khalifah then asked Imam Abdullah bin Taa’us – may Allah be pleased with him – to narrate any Hadith Shareef from his father and through his sanad. The Imam thought that this was indeed be a good opportunity to teach the Khalifah a lesson and also a good opportunity to warn this person about his oppressive behaviour. He then narrated the following Hadith Shareef. He mentioned, “On the Day of Judgement, the worst of punishment would be given to that person who was given a small portion of the kingdom of the Almighty Allah and he committed oppression.”
For someone to speak in this manner in front of one of the greatest of tyrants of his age certainly took great courage. In fact, at that moment, even Imam Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – was also present in this court. Imam Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “(When I heard this statement), I was certain that Abdullah bin Taa’us would instantly be killed. In fact, I had also held back my ropes because perchance some of this blood would also spill on me. However, Mansur remained silent for a little while and the entire court was completely silent. However, even in this most sensitive and dangerous moment, the face of Abdullah bin Taa’us did not change or display any fear. In fact, he stood firm like a rock. In fact, at that time Mansur also asked him to bring forward his pen and ink and again Abdullah bin Taa’us refused to do this. He also mentioned bravely, ‘I have fear that perhaps you would record some sin through this pen and I would also become party to this sin and transgression.’”
The face of the Khalifah also turned red with anger and he ordered both of these giants of Islam to leave his court.
Abdullah bin Taa’us was not affected in the least bit and mentioned that this was their ultimate goal. (In other words, they had no taste to stay in such an oppressive court). Hadrat Imam Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – records that from that day onwards, he had immense respect and admiration for Hadrat Abdullah bin Taa’us May Allah have mercy on him.
There is no doubt that the bravery displayed by eminent scholars such as Hadrat Sayyiduna Hasan Basri, Imam ‘Amash, Imam Abdullah bin Taa’us May Allah have mercy on them etc is certainly a lesson for those modern day Muslims who run behind the rich and powerful as if their Imaan depended on it. In fact these eminent ‘Ulama of the past displayed no fear and actually placed their heads in front but did not allow themselves to fall in the trap of these tyrannical leaders.