Download PDF: [S] The Adaab of the Holy Qur’an
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrate that the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has stated that, “The Qur’an has been revealed (containing) five faculties. (They are) Halaal and Haraam, Muhkam and Mutashaabah and Imthaal. Therefore, you people should accept what is Halaal as Halaal, accept what is Haraam as Haraam, practise on that which is Muhkam (clear) and believe in Mutashaabah and Imthaal (which explains the life of the previous Ummah and examples thereto). (Mishkaat Shareef, 1/3)
Since there are these different faculties which are found in the Qur’an, it becomes all the more necessary that whenever we read the Qur’an, we should do so slowly and deliberately so that we can understand what we are reading. Another important point to bear in mind that is that for every letter, one gets rewarded tenfold. If one reads “Alim Laam Meem”, he gets thirty rewards. There are a few important issues which needs to be borne in mind.
- Prior to reading the Qur’an, one should make proper Wudu and also use a Miswaak to clean one’s mouth and sit in the direction of the Qiblah. When one recites the Ta’ooz and the Tasmiyah, one should ponder on the meaning of what one is reading and read the Qur’an slowly and deliberately. One should also recite the Qur’an in a medium tone.
- It is highly recommended to look at the Qur’an when doing so. The reason is that looking at the Qur’an is also a form of Ibadah. In this manner, one gets double the reward, one for reciting and one for looking at the Qur’an. In the Hadith Shareef it is mentioned that someone who looks at the Qur’an when reading it, gets two thousand reward and those who read it verbally acquire one thousand reward. (Kanzul Ummaal)
- One should endeavour not to complete the Qur’an in less than three days. One should strive to complete the Qur’an in either three days, seven days or forty days. This time also enables a person to understand what he is reading.
- One should recite the Qur’an with proper sequence. This is also mentioned in the Qur’an. There are many benefits to this. One is that the greatness of the Qur’an becomes apparent in the heart of a person. He gets the time to understand the miracles and amazing messages in the Qur’an. Obviously, understanding what you are reading is far greater than merely reciting something. All of this not possible without proper Tarteel or sequence.
- When one looks at the Qur’an, study each letter or word and try to understand the promises and the warnings which appear in the Qur’an. In everything, try to imagine that you are being addressed. This should be applicable in matters wherein there are commands and prohibitions. At the same time, one should make a promise to oneself that one would refrain from those actions which are prohibited and try to fulfill those actions which have been commanded.
- When one looks at verses where there are promises of Jannah and other blessing, one should make special du’a at these junctures. The same when one reads verses in which the Fire of Hell and punishment is mentioned. One should sincerely seek the Divine Protection of Allah Almighty. If one cannot weep, one should try and appear as if one is weeping.
- During the evening and night, one should increase the recital of the Qur’an. One of the reasons is that at this time, the mind is at peace. One of the great times to read the Qur’an is during the last ten days of Ramadaan and the first ten days of Zil Hajj. Then the day of Jumu’ah, etc.
- One should endeavour to read the Qur’an with Tajweed. In other words, with proper pronunciation. At the same time, do not read the Qur’an in a musical form as this is not allowed.
- When reading try to impress on yourself the immense status of the Qur’an. Remember the verse that if this Qur’an was revealed on a mountain, the entire mountain would crumble into sand and dust in fear of Allah Almighty. One should bear this verse in mind when reading the Qur’an.
- One should also make the intention that he is reading the Qur’an in front of the Divine Creator and therefore all due fear and respect should be displayed. When he arrives at a certain Manzil, he should imagine that Allah Almighty is addressing him. In brief, a person should drown himself in the recital of the Qur’an to such a degree that he becomes oblivious of everything around him.
- When one is alone, it is recommended that one reads in a medium tone. However, if one recites the Qur’an so loud that one disturbs others in Salaah, or there are people who speaking nearby or he fears that he becomes a victim of his own self-conceit, then at these times, it is better that he recites the Qur’an softly. He should also bear in mind at this time the message of the Hadith which is that hidden actions are far superior to public and apparent actions. And that it carries a reward which is seventy times more.
In brief when reading the Qur’an, all due to respect should be displayed so that maximum reward can be attained. The lessor the respect shown, the lessor the reward achieved. This should always be borne in mind. (Ajaa’ibul Qur’an, Abdul Mustafa Azami)