Download PDF: [S] Sacrifice of son for Benefit of Public

Abdur Rahman III, also known as An Naasir lideenulah bin Mohammed, was the first leader of the Ummayah Dynasty in Andalusia or Spain. He was also the first in this region to be called the Khalifah. He was also famous for his justice, his bravery and his kindness. When Khalifah Abdur Rahman alighted the throne, he removed all private agendas from the people in charge of government and also took part in many expeditions against the Christian forces. He also annexed Morocco into his kingdom so that it could be spared from the heretical rule of the Faatimids. Khalifah Abdur Rahman also assisted certain European powers sort out their own internal challenges. In brief, Khalifah Abdur Rahman was a very powerful Muslim leader. His capital was also in Qurtaba or Granada. It is said that the income in his government far superseded those of some European countries. (Taarikhul Islam)


His grandson, Abdur Rahman III, was also a ruler of Spain. Khalifah Abdur Rahman had two sons. One was Al Hakam and the other was Abdullah. Both had good traits in them, however the King had nominated his son Al Hakam to be the next ruler.


At that time, Ibn Abdud Daar was also a close friend of Abdullah and tried to mislead him. He convinced the young royal that he had also be ignored by the King for the position of Head Justice. Both of them also agreed to oppose the King and in this way, they planned a rebellion against the King. They planned to take over both the King and the nominated person and kill them. The King came to know of this plan and he sent a large army against them. In the ensuing battle, both Abdud Daar and the son of the king, Abdullah, was captured. They were locked in separate rooms and during the night Abdud Daar committed suicide. However, the King had already passed a royal decree that his son was to be killed for this act of treason.


His brother, Al Hakam, who was also very close to his brother tried to intervene and tried to convince his father not to carry out his royal decree, however the king was adamant and replied, “Your intercession and pleading for his life is acknowledged. This is also something that I wish for as well, however, I am the Khalifah and I also have to think about the future. I can see that after me, both of you will continue to fight each other. And even though both of you might survive, yet the entire country would be destroyed. How many mothers would lose their children? How many wives would become widows and how many children would become orphans because of this? The farms would be destroyed and the crops would be burnt. When I think about these things, I am extremely concerned. Therefore, instead of a hundred mothers losing their children, a hundred wives losing their husbands and a hundred children losing their father, it is better to kill a single person who is the leader of this rebellion. There is no doubt that I will cry for this son of mine. Which father will not? And as long as I live, I will continue to shed tears for this son, however Al Hakam, no amount of tears from your side, or from my side or from the side of our entire family can save him from this punishment.”


Abdullah was then executed in the night. The next day, his entire family took part in his burial service. However, this decision greatly affected his father and every day his sadness increased. One year before he passed away, he lived a life of total seclusion. Finally, in 961 he died at the age of fifty.