Download PDF: Riyaadus Saaliheen – Hadith #4 (Making True Jihaad)
Some received reward and blessing for Jihad without being there physically!
عَنْ اَبِیْ عَبْدِ اللہِ جَابِرِبْنِ عَبْدِاللہِ الْاَنْصَارِی رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُمَا قَال:کُنَّا مَعَ النَّبِیِّ صَلَّی اللہُ عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ فِیْ غَزَاۃٍ فَقَالَ: ’’اِنَّ بِالْمَدِیْنَۃِ لَرِجَالًامَاسِرْتُمْ مَسِیرًا، وَلَاقَطَعْتُمْ وَادِیًااِلَّا کَانُوْامَعَکُمْ حَبَسَہُمُ الْمَرَضُ۔‘‘وَفِیْ رِوَایَۃٍِ :’’اِلَّا شَرَکُوْکُمْ فِی الْاَجْرِ‘‘رَوَاہُ مُسْلِمٌ۔ وَرَاوَہُ الْبُخَارِیْ عَنْ اَنَسٍ رَضِیَ اللہُ عَنْہُ قَالَ:رَجَعْنَا مِنْ غَزْوَۃِ تَبُوْکَ مَعَ النَّبِیِّ صَلَّی اللہُ عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَال:’’اِنَّ اَقْوَامًاخَلْفَنَابِالْمَدِیْنَۃِ مَا سَلَکْنَا شِعْبًا وَّلَاوَادِیًااِلَّاوَہُمْ مَعَنَا،حَبَسَہُمُ الْعُذْرُ۔‘‘
( مسلم،کتاب الامارۃ،باب ثواب من حبسہ عن الغزومرض اوعذرآخر، ص۱۰۵۸،حدیث:۱۹۱۱، بِتَغَیُّرٍ قَلِیْلٍ)
(بخاری،کتاب المغازی،باب نزول النبی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم الحجر ، ۳/۱۵۰، حدیث:۴۴۲۳، بِتَغَیُّرٍ قَلِیْلٍ)
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Abdullah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu or Jaabir bin Abdullah Ansaari Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that they were once on a journey with Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam when he declared that, “Without doubt, in Madina Shareef there are certain people who were with you throughout your journey and through every valley. Their illness has stopped them (from being with you physically).” In one narration in the Muslim Shareef, it is mentioned that, “However, in receiving reward and blessing, they were with you (or partners with you in sharing reward and blessing).”
Hadrat Imam Bukhari Radi Allahu ‘Anhu has recorded this from Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas Radi Allahu ‘Anhu who declares that while on their return from the expedition of Tabuk, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam declared, “In Madina Shareef, there are such people who accompanied us though every valley and gorge (in this journey), however (valid) reasons have stopped them (from travelling with us)”.
(Bukhari; Muslim Shareef)
Expedition of Tabuk
Tabuk is an area said to be situated between Madina Shareef and old Syria. Some historians say that it was named after a well and some others say it was the name of a famous fort. It is possible that both are correct because it is in fact an old fort which also had a well within it.
This long and arduous journey was performed during a severe drought. The Muslims had very few provisions for the journey and the enemies of Islam were huge in numbers. Interestingly, this expedition is also referred to as “Jay shul ‘Usra” or “a battalion under severe restriction in provision.” It is also referred to as an expedition in which the Munafiqeen were terribly disgraced and embarrassed. In the Sharah of the Mawaahib it is recorded that the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam began this journey on a Thursday in the 9th year of Hijrah.
The Munafiqeen on the other hand made feeble and petty excuses and remained in Madina Shareef. However, there were also sincere Muslims such as Hadrat Sayyiduna Hilal bin Ummayah, Murarah bin Rabee, Abu Khay Samah, Abu Zar Ghiffaari Radi Allahu ‘Anhum who due to valid reasons also remained in Madina Shareef. Later on, two of them, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Khay Samah and Abu Zarr Ghiffaari Radi Allahu ‘Anhum did join the Muslim army, but the other three did not manage to. (Sharah Mawaahib)
A person receives reward and blessing by merely making the intention to take part in Jihad!
Allama Abu Zakariyah Yahya bin Sharf Nawawi Radi Allahu ‘Anhu explains that this specific Hadith Shareef highlights the importance of sincere intention. That is, if a person intends to take part in Jihad or do some good deed and faces such obstacles that he is not able to complete his mission, that person will still receive the reward and blessing for his sincere intention. It is also important to note that as much as he worries and has apprehensions about this missed opportunity so much so will his reward and blessing increase. (Sharah Muslim)
This same message of extreme concern and worry is highlighted in this specific Hadith Shareef. These blessed Ashaab that initially did not join this expedition were extremely sad. Hence, due to this sincere sadness of theirs, Allah azza wajal in His Infinite Mercy allowed them, through His beloved Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam, to also receive the reward and blessing of this expedition. An example of this sincere intent and sadness displayed can be seen from the following incident.
The Satan actually awoke this person for Salaah!
It is reported that once Hadrat Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu was sleeping when he felt someone waking him. When he awoke, he could not see anyone. He then asked loudly who the person was and what his name was. The person replied, “I am the unfortunate one whose name is Iblis”. He then asked Iblis that if he was in fact Iblis, why did he awaken him when the actual work of Iblis was to make people sleep longer so that their Salaah becomes Qada or missed.
Grinding his teeth, Iblis replied, “I have awoken you because if at this time you had missed your Salaah, you would become extremely regretful and sad and would even weep out of sadness. Due to this action and behaviour of yours, in the Divine Court of the Allah azza wajal the reward for you would have been (the same as having performed) more than two hundred rak’ah of Salaah! Hence, I had awakened you for Salaah so that you do not receive this immense reward and blessing. I am extremely jealous of a Muslim and due to this jealousy I had awakened you so that you do not receive such immense reward. I am an enemy of a Muslim and deceit and treachery is my mission.” (Masnawi Shareef)
Important lessons to be learnt:
- If a person wishes to perform a good deed or noble act and due to reasons beyond him he cannot perform or complete this action, he will still receive the reward and blessing for his intention.
- A sincere Muslim is also rewarded in his sick bed and his death becomes a means of salvation.
- As much as a person displays sadness and regret, so much so does his reward and blessing increase.
- One of the greatest weapons against the Satan is Du’a and sincerity in one’s actions and deeds.