Download PDF: Riyaadus Saaliheen – Hadith #24 (Taufeeq of Taubah)
The murderer will also enter Paradise!
عَنْ أَبِیْ ہُرَیْرَۃَ رَضِیَ اللہُ عَنْہُ أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللہِ صَلَّی اللہُ عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّم قَالَ! یَضْحَکُ اللہُ سُبْحَانَہُ وَتَعَالٰی إِلٰی رَجُلَیْنِ یَقْتُلُ أَحَدُہُمَا الْاٰخَرَ یَدْخُلاَ نِ الْجَنَّۃَ ، یُقَاتِلُ ہَذَا فِی سَبِیْلِ اللہِ فَیُقْتَلُ، ثُمَّ یَتُوْبُ اللہُ عَلَی الْقَاتِلِ فَیُسْلِمُ فَیُسْتَشْہَدُ(مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَیْہ)
(بخاری، کتاب الجھادوالسیر، باب الکافر یقتل المسلم… الخ ، ۲/۲۶۲، حدیث: ۲۸۲۶)
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has stated that:
“Allah azza wa jall will look at two people and laugh, one of whom had murdered the other, yet, (in spite of this) both of them will enter Jannah. One of them had been killed in the Path of the Allah azza wa jall, thereafter, the other was given strength by Allah azza wa jall to make Taubah and he accepted Islam and after taking part in Jihad, he was also martyred.” (Bukhari Shareef)
A true martyr is certainly a person of Jannah!
Allama Badrudeen Aini Alaihir Rahmah explains that, “From this Hadith Shareef, we can conclude that whosoever is killed in the Path of Allah azza wa jall is certainly a person of Jannah. The ‘Ulama further explain that at first the murderer was a disbeliever, then Allah azza wa jall gave this person the strength to accept Islam and after accepting Islam, he himself took part in Jihad and was killed. This is similar to that person who willfully kills a Muslim and after making sincere Taubah, he is killed in the Path of Allah azza wa jall.” (Umdatul Qari)
The meaning of the word “Dhee qun” in this Hadith Shareef
“The word “Dhee qun” in this Hadith Shareef is merely used in a descriptive manner because it is not permissible to use such words as “to laugh” for Allah azza wa jall. Such words are words for something which has a physical body and Allah azza wa jall is pure of such things. In this context, the “laughter” of Allah azza wa jall would signify that He has become Divinely Pleased with both of them. It can also signify that He was to reward them and also to applaud them. The reason is that we only smile or laugh when something happens according to our wish or when we receive some good news when we meet someone. In another report, it is mentioned that it could also signify the smile or laughter of the Angels who did this at the time when they took away the souls of these people and took them towards Jannah.” (Sharah Muslim; Nawawi)
Mufti Ahmed Yaar Khan Naeemi Alaihir Rahmah explains, “The actual meaning of this word ‘Dhee qun’ cannot be applied to Allah azza wa jall, hence some commentators have explained that it could signify ‘to be pleased, to be happy’ etc. The writer of Ashi ‘atul Lama’aat has explained that, ‘This word could also signify ‘flowing water’, hence it would signify the outpouring of Divine Mercy. This is indeed a very appropriate meaning. The murderer and the martyr will both enter Jannah together.
If we look at history, the story of Hadrat Sayyiduna Hamza Radi Allahu ‘Anhu and the slave Wahshi is a typical example. Later on, Hadrat Wahshi Radi Allahu ‘Anhu also accepted Islam and fought in many battles and passed away as a Muslim. It must be remembered that all the personal conflicts of one Muslim against another would be eliminated on the Day of Judgement. Even the physical love of one another would cease. The thing which would remain would be religious dislike, and hatred for someone who is not a true Muslim, and mercy for other true Muslims.
As a matter of fact, when a Muslim sees his son, who was a disbeliever in the world, receiving punishment, he would become happy. However, if a Muslim sees another Muslim like him in trouble and yet that person is a stranger to him, still he would become sad. He would also intercede for this person (if he has the power) and make sure that Muslim he is forgiven. In like manner, if there were two Muslims who were enemies in this world in worldly matters, they would become friends.
Allah azza wa jall declares in Surah Hajr, verse 47 that:
وَنَزَعْنَا مَا فِیْ صُدُوْرِہِمْ مِّنْ غِلٍّ اِخْوٰنًا عَلٰی سُرُرٍ مُّتَقٰبِلِیْنَ
“And We took out (or removed) whatever rancorous (dislike, enmity etc.) there
were in their breasts, they are brothers among each other, sitting upon
couches facing each other.”
In Surah Zukhruf, verse 67 that:
اَلْاَخِلَّآء ُ یَوْمَئِذٍ بَعْضُہُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ اِلَّا الْمُتَّقِیْنَ
“Deep (or long standing) friends shall be enemies of one another on that Day,
except those who fear Allah.”
Hadrat Sayyiduna ibn Sa’eed Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that, “Ibn Qoqal Radi Allahu ‘Anhu was killed at my hands when I was a disbeliever. Allah azza wa jall had blessed him with martyrdom at my hands. If at that time, he had killed me, then (Allah forbid) I would have died in the state of disbelief and I would have become disgraced and humiliated at his hands. My Hereafter would have been ruined and I would have stayed forever in Hell.” (Tafheemul Bukhari)
He was forgiven merely for uttering three words!
Hadray Sayyiduna Mu’attib bin Suma Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates, “In the past, there was a person who was a major sinner. One day, he was going somewhere and began to ponder about his past deeds and suddenly became extremely regretful. He then bowed his head and pleaded, ‘O Allah, I seek your forgiveness.’ A few minutes later, he died. It is reported that by merely saying these words, he was pardoned and all his past sins were forgiven!” (Tambeehul Ghaafileen)
The three stages of a sinner!
Hadrat Sayyiduna Makhul Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates that when Allah azza wa jall invited Nabi Ebrahim Alaihis Salaam to see the heavens, he saw three people on earth. He saw a person involved in shameful acts and made Du’a that the person be destroyed. Allah azza wa jall then destroyed this person. He then saw a person stealing and also made Du’a that this person be destroyed. Allah azza wa jall also destroyed this person. Allah azza wa jall then declared to Nabi Ebrahim Alaihis Salaam, “O Ebrahim! Spare my creation. My creation would experience three stages. (Firstly) when they make Taubah, I will forgive them. (Secondly), either their offspring or children would be pious or who would worship me (through whom, their parents would be forgiven). (Thirdly) sin and transgression (would get the better of them), therefore they would become entitled for the Fire of Hell.” (Tambeehul Ghaafileen)
All sins are pardoned through two rak’ah of Salaah!
Ameerul Mo’mineen, Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu ‘Anhu narrates: “When I hear anything from the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam, then Allah azza wa jall according to His Divine Wisdom (blesses me) with achieving good from it. When a person narrates a Hadith Shareef to me, then I make him swear to it, in other words, (I make him take an oath that this is what he heard). When he swears by it, only then I testify to this (or accept it). The beloved companion of the cave, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, and certainly he has spoken the truth, narrates that he heard the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam declare, ‘When a person becomes guilty of a sin and then performs proper Wudu, then performs two rak’ah of Salaah and thereafter makes sincere Istighfaar, Allah azza wa jall will certainly forgive that person.’” (Tirmidi Shareef).
He then recited this verse which appears in Surah Ale Imran, verse 135, 136:
وَالَّذِیْنَ اِذَا فَعَلُوا فَاحِشَۃً اَوْ ظَلَمُوْا اَنْفُسَھُم ذَکَرُوْا اللہَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا لِذُنُوْبِھِمْ ص وَمَنْ یَّغْفِر الذُّنُوْبَ اِلَّا اللہُ وَلَمْ یُصِرُّوْا عَلٰی مَا فَعَلُوْا وَہُمْ یَعْلَمُوْنَ اُولٰٓئِکَ جَزَآؤُہُمْ مَّغْفِرَۃٌ مِّن رَّبِّہِمْ وَجَنّٰتٌ تَجْرِیْ مِنْ تَحْتِہَا الْاَنْہٰرُ خٰلِدِیْن فِیْہَا ط وَنِعْمَ اَجْرُ الْعَامِلِیْن
“And those who, when they have committed indecency or wronged their own souls,
beg forgiveness for their sins remembering Allah. And who forgives sins save Allah?
And do not persist knowingly in what they have done”.
“For such, the recompense is their ‘Lord’s forgiveness and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath, they shall remain for ever therein, and what an excellent reward is for
those who (perform this)”
A good deed or act is immediately recorded compared to a bad deed!
The Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has declared that, “The Angel on the right shoulder consistently watches the Angel on the left shoulder. When a person performs a good deed, he immediately records ten rewards for that person. When the person performs a bad deed, and when the Angel on the left shoulder wants to record this, he declares, ‘Do not record it right now.’ In this manner, a few moments passes by and this is stopped. If a person makes Taubah, then nothing is recorded otherwise, just a single sin is recorded.” (Shuhubul Imaan)
In another narration it is mentioned that, “The sin of a person is not recorded until the moment another sin is not committed. In this manner, when five sins are committed and he performs a good deed, five rewards are recorded and the balance of this five rewards nullify those past five sins. At that moment also, the Shaytaan screams out, ‘O mankind! How can I overpower you, my entire effort has been wasted because of your one single good.’” (Tambeehul Ghaafileen)
Points to remember
- Allah azza wa jall becomes extremely Pleased with the Taubah of someone.
- A person should never lose hope in the Divine Mercy of Allah azza wa jall.
- One of the greatest weapons against the Shaytaan is making Taubah and continuing to make Istighfaar.