Using one’s good deeds as a Wasila or medium
عَنْ اَبِیْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمٰنِ عَبْدِ اللہِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ رَضِیَ اللہُ عَنْہُمَاقَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللہِ صَلَّی اللہُ عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ یَقُوْلُ:اِنْطَلَقَ ثَلٰثَۃُ نَفَرٍمِمَّنْ کَانَ قَبْلَکُمْ حَتّٰی اٰوَاھُمُ الْمَبِیْتُ اِلٰی غَارٍ فَدَخَلُوْہُ، فَانْحَدَرَتْ صَخْرَۃٌ مِنَ الْجَبَلِ فَسَدَّتْ عَلَیْہِمُ الْغَارَ، فَقَالُوْااِنَّہُ لَایُنْجِیْکُمْ مِنْ ھٰذِہِ الصَّخْرَۃِ اِلَّا اَنْ تَدْ عُوْااللہَ بِصَالِحِ اَعْمَالِکُمْ۔قَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنْھُمْ :اللہُمَّ کَانَ لِیْ اَبَوَانِ شَیْخَانِ کَبِیرَانِ وَکُنْتُ لَا اَغْبِقُ اَھْلًا وَلَا مَالًا فَنَأَی بِیْ طَلَبُ الشَّجَرِ یَوْمًا فَلَمْ اُرِحْ عَلَیْہِمَا حَتّٰی نَامَا فَحَلَبْتُ لَھُمَا غَبُوْقَھُمَا فَوَجَدْتُھُمَانَائِمَیْن، فَکَرِھْتُ اَنْ اُوْقِظَھُمَاوَاَنْ اَغْبِقَ قَبْلَھُمَااَھْلًا اَوْ مَالًا، فَلَبِثْتُ وَالْقَدْحُ عَلٰی یَدِیْ اَنْتَظِرُ اِسْتِیْقَاظَھُمَاحَتّٰی بَرَقَ الْفَجْرُ، وَالصِّبْیَۃُ یَتَضَاغَوْنَ عِنْدَ قَدَمِیَّ، فَاسْتَیْقَظَا فَشَرِبَاغَبُوْقَھُمَا،اللھُمَّ!اِنْ کُنْتُ فَعَلْتُ ذٰلِکَ ابْتِغَائَ وَجْھِکَ فَفَرِّجْ عَنَّا مَانَحْنُ فِیْہِ مِنْ ھٰذِہِ الصَّخْرَۃِ۔‘‘ فَانْفَرَجَتْ شَیْئًا لَا یَسْتَطِیْعُوْنَ الْخُرُوْجَ مِنْہُ،قَالَ الْاٰخَرُ:اللہُمَّ إِنَّہُ کَانَتْ لِیْ اِبَْنَۃُ عَمٍّ کَانَتْ اَحَبَّ النَّاسِ اِلَیَّ وَفِیْ رِوَایَۃٍ ’’کُنْتُ اُحِبُّھَا کَأَشَدِّ مَا یُحِبُّ الرِّجَالُ النِّسَائَ‘‘ فَاَردْتُھَاعَلٰی نَفْسِھَا فَامْتَنَعَتْ مِنِّیْ حَتّٰی اَلَمَّتْ بِھَا سَنَۃٌ مِنَ السِّنِیْنَ، فَجَائَتْنِیْ فَاَعْطَیْتُھَاعِشْرِیْنَ وَمِائَۃَ دِیْنَارٍ عَلٰی اَنْ تُخَلِّیَ بَیْنِیْ وَبَیْنَ نَفْسِھَا فَفَعَلَتْ حَتّٰی اِذَا قَدَرْتُ عَلَیْھَا، وَفِیْ رِوَایَۃٍ ’’فَلَمَّا قَعَدْتُّ بَیْنَ رِجْلَیْھَا‘‘ قَالَتْ اِتَّقِ اللہَ وَلَا تَفُضَّ الْخَاتَمَ اِلَّا بِحَقِّہِ فَانْصَرَفْتُ عَنْھَا وَھِیَ اَحَبُّ النَّاسِ اِلَیَّ وَتَرَکْتُ الذَّھَبَ الَّذِیْ اَعْطَیْتُھَا،اللھُمَّ! اِنْ کُنْتُ فَعَلْتُ ذٰلِکَ ابْتِغَائَ وَجْھِکَ فَافْرُجْ عَنَّامَانَحْنُ فِیْہِ،فَانْفَرَجَتِ الصَّخْرَۃُغَیْرَ اَنَّھُمْ لَا یَسْتَطِیْعُوْنَ الْخُرُوْجَ مِنْھَا۔وَقَالَ الثَّالِثُ:’’اللہُمَّ اِسْتَأْجَرْتُ اُجَرَائَ وَاَعْطَیْتُھُمْ اَجْرَھُمْ غَیْرَ رَجُلٍ وَاحِدٍ تَرَکَ الَّذِیْ لَہٗ وَذَھَبَ فَثَمَّرْتُ اَجْرَہُ حَتّٰی کَثُرَتْ مِنْہُ الْاَمْوَالُ،فَجَائَ نِیْ بَعْدَ حِیْنَ فَقَالَ یَا عَبْدَ اللہِ اَدِّ اِلَیَّ اَجْرِیْ، فَقُلْتُ:کُلُّ مَاتَرَی مِنْ اَجْرِکَ مِنَ الْاِبِلِ وَالْبَقَرِ وَالْغَنَمِ وَالرَّقِیْقِ، فَقَالَ:یَاعَبْدَاللہِ! لَا تَسْتَھْزِیئْ بِیْ! فَقُلْتُ:لَا اَسْتَھْزِیئُ بِکَ، فَاَخَذَہُ کُلَّہُ فَاسْتَاقَہُ فَلَمْ یَتْرُکْ مِنْہُ شَیْئََا،اللھُمَّ!اِنْ کُنْتُ فَعَلْتُ ذٰلِکَ ابْتِغَائَ وَجْھِکَ فَافْرُجْ عَنَّا مَا نَحْنُ فِیْہِ‘‘ فَانْفَرَجَتِ الصَّخْرَۃُ فَخَرَجُوْا یَمْشُوْنَ۔(مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَیْہِ)
(بخا ری، کتاب الانبیائ، باب حدیث الغار، ۲/۴۶۴، حدیث:۳۴۶۵)
Hadrat Sayyiduna abu Abdur Rahman Abdullah bin ‘Umar bin Khattab – may Allah be pleased with them – narrates that:
I heard Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – explain that, “In the past, three people were travelling some where and when it became dark, they sought refuge in a cave. Suddenly, a rock fell in front of the cave entrance (and they were imprisoned inside). They decided that there was only one way out of this and that they should present (one of) their good deeds as a Wasila and make Du’a in the Court of the Allah Almighty.
Consequently, one of them prayed, “O Allah! My parents have become very old. Before giving them milk, I do not even feed (this milk) to my own children or my own family and not even my servants. (In other words, he always made sure that the first people to drink this milk were his parents). One day, I went out quiet far in search of wood and when I returned, my parents had fallen asleep. When I went near them, (they were in deep sleep). I did not think it proper to disturb them and I also did not think it proper to give any member of my family that milk before them. Even though my little children, out of hunger, kept shaking my leg. I continued to stand next to my parents (bed) with the bowl of milk. When morning arrived, I gave them this bowl of milk to drink. O Allah! If I have done this for the sake of Your Divine Pleasure, save us from this calamity”. After this, the rock moved a little but not so much (further) that they could leave the cave.
The second person then made Du’a, “O Allah! The daughter of my uncle was the most beloved to me.”
In another narration, it is mentioned that this affection (which he had) was the same affection which a male would have towards a female. “When I intended to perform a sinful act with her, she refused. (After a while) they suffered from severe drought and she came to me for help. I (informed) her that I would give her one hundred and twenty Dinaars on condition that she satisfied my desire. She was helpless and acceded to this. When I was alone with her and she was under my control, she then cried out, ‘Fear Allah Almighty and do not break an unjust Mehr,’ (meaning that I should refrain from this unjust act). When I heard this, I left her alone and decided to refrain from this evil deed even though I had an extreme desire for her. I did not even take back the Dinaars which I had given her. O Allah! If I have done this only for Your Divine Pleasure, then save us from this calamity.” The rock moved a little but not as much that they could leave the cave.
The third person then said, “O Allah, I used a few labourers to do work and paid all of them except one who had already left (before I could pay him). I used this same money in some business and this money continued to increase. After a while, he returned and asked me, ‘O slave of Allah! Please give me my wages.’ I replied, ‘These camels, these cows, these goats and these servants which you see, all of this belongs to you.’ He asked me whether I was joking and I said no. He then returned with all of this and did not leave a single thing behind. O Allah! If this action of mine was for the sake of Your Divine Pleasure, then save us from this calamity.” The rock suddenly moved away and they came out of the cave and continued to where they were going. (Bukhari; Muslim Shareef)
To make Du’a using a pious deed as Wasila
Allama ibn Battaal – may Allah have mercy on him – explains that, “If a person uses his good and pious deed as a Wasila with sincere intention which he has performed strictly for the Divine Pleasure of Allah Almighty, there is (great) hope that his Du’a would be accepted. This is clearly seen in this Hadith Shareef. Hence, pious and good deeds performed for the Pleasure of Allah Almighty can certainly be used as a Wasila.” (Sharah Bukhari Shareef)
Allama Abu Zakariyah bin Sharaf Nawawi – may Allah have mercy on him – explains that, “In times of difficulty, sadness and when one wishes for rain, (at these times), it is considered as Mustahab that one uses his pious deeds as a Wasila. This was done by the people in the cave and their Du’a was accepted.”
This incident has been explained by the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – as a sign of praise for these people in the cave and as a mark of excellence for them. It also explains the excellence of serving one’s parents, to save oneself from a Haraam act even though one has the power at that moment to perform this Haraam act and the importance of returning a trust. It also proves that one needs to be kind and the permissibility of Ijaarah as an instrument in Islamic business. (Where one uses the finance of another). In this Hadith Shareef, the miracle of the Saints are proven and this is the true belief of the people of truth. (Sharah Muslim)
Allama Badrudeen Aini – may Allah have mercy on him – further explains that:
- To present the stories of previous people and to use some of their pious stories, deeds and actions as a source of inspiration is permissible. This was clearly shown by the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – when he explained this incident.
- To spend money in the upkeep of one’s parents, wife and children is Waajib. They are more deserving than any other family members.
- It is considered as Mustahab to use one’s pious deeds and actions in the Court of the Allah Almighty as a Wasila or medium. This is also done while asking for rain.
- If a person becomes guilty of committing a sin and then busies himself with performing good deeds, it is hoped that he would be forgiven.
- If a person decides to commit a sin and then desists from committing this sin with the sincere intention of pleasing the Allah Almighty, he would be given immense reward. (Umdatul Qari)
Three acts are part of Huququl Ibaad (or rights of other people)
- To be kind to one’s parents.
- To protect oneself from committing adultery against an innocent person even though one may have the power to do so.
- To fulfil the rights of one’s workers and labourers. To pay them on time and not to take undue advantage over them.
Advice on being kind to ones parents
In Surah Asraa, verses 23,24, Allah Almighty declares:
وَقَضٰی رَبُّکَ اَلَّا تَعْبُدُوْا اِلَّا اِیَّاہُ وَ بِالْوَالِدَیْنِ اِحْسَانًاط اِمَّا یَبْلُغَنَّ عِنْدَکَ الْکِبَرَ اَحَدُہُمَآاَوْ کِلٰہُمَا فَلَا تَقُلْ لَّہُمَآ اُفٍّ وَّلَا تَنْہَرْہُمَا وَقُلْ لَّہُمَا قَوْلًا کَرِیْمًاo وَاخْفِضْ لَہُمَا جَنَاحَ الذُّلِّ مِنَ الرَّحْمَۃِ وَقُلْ رَّبِّ ارْحَمْہُمَا کَمَا رَبَّیٰنِیْ صَغِیْرًا
“And your Lord Commanded that worship no one else except Him and do good to parents.
If either or both of them reach old age before you, utter not even a faint cry to them and chide them not and speak to them words of respect. And spread for them the arm of humility with tender heart and say, “O my Lord; have mercy on these both as they both brought me
up in my childhood.”
Pertaining to these verses, Hadrat Sadrul Afaadil, Hadrat Moulana Na’eemudeen Muradabadi – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – explains that, “When your parents become weak and old and they start to develop weakness in their joints and bones, as you were helpless in front of them when you were little, in the same manner they are now with you as you were with them when little. At that time, never utter any words to them which would hurt their feelings. Do no scold them and do not speak in a rough manner. In fact you should speak to them in such a manner as a servant speaks to his master. Such is the amount of respect you should have. If you have to spend on them, do not be stingy and spend your best wealth on them. No matter how much of service you are to them, you will never be able to fulfil the rights of your parents over you. You should in fact make Du’a that since you cannot repay them, Allah Almighty should shower His choicest blessing upon them for this favour which they have done on you.”
Explaining the rights of ones parents under verse 83 of Surah Baqarah, the eminent scholar explains that:
- Love them with sincere affection.
- Treat them with respect wherever they sit or awake.
- Use words of respect when addressing or speaking to them.
- Strive to make them happy and joyous.
- Spend your best and most valuable wealth on them.
- Make sure that you fulfil their Waseeyat after they pass away.
- Perform Fatiha, Esaale Thawaab, recite the Qur’an on their behalf regularly and give charity in their name regularly.
- Continue to make Du’a for them and visit their grave at least once a week. If you feel that they are misled or misguided on certain worldly or religious issue talk to them and advise them in the most kind manner.
The reward for one complete Hajj
The Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has declared that, “When a child looks at his parents with mercy, for every time he looks (with mercy), Allah Almighty rewards him with the reward of one complete and accepted Hajj (Hajj-e-Mabrur)”. The blessed companions asked, “Even if he sees them a hundred times a day (in this manner)?” The Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – replied, “Allah Almighty is the Greatest and the Most Pure.” (Shuhubul Imaan)
The injured finger of Hadrat Bayazid Bustami – may Allah have mercy on him!
Hadrat Sayyiduna Bayazid Bustami – may Allah have mercy on him – narrates that, “One extremely cold evening, my mother asked me for water. When I returned with the water container, she was already sleeping. I did not consider it proper to disturb her and holding the water container, I decided to stand next to her so that when she awoke I could give her the water. I stood there quite long, in fact so long that some water fell on my finger and turned into ice.
“When she finally awoke, I presented the water to her, however, since my finger was stuck to the container. Due to the ice, the skin came off and blood began to drip (from this wound). When I mother asked what had happened, I explained everything to her, after which she raised her hands and made Du’a, ‘O Allah! I am pleased with him, You also be pleased with him.’” (Nuzhatul Majaalis)
The Barakah of this Du’a has become apparent to the entire world in the form of Hadrat Bayazid Bustami – may Allah have mercy on him. There is hardly a book written on Sufism or any other spiritual matter where the blessed name of Hadrat Bayazid Bustami – may Allah have mercy on him – is not mentioned.
To refrain from sin even though one has the power to commit it, is indeed a meritorious act!
Highlighting the status of those people who protect themselves from adultery and protect their private parts, Allah Almighty declares in Surah Mo’mineen, verse 5 that:
وَالَّذِیْنَ ھُمْ لِفُرُوْجِہِمْ حَافِظُوْن
“And those who guard their private parts.”
In Surah Ar Rahman, verse 46, Allah Almighty declares:
وَ لِمَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّہٖ جَنَّتٰنِ
“But for him who fears to stand before his Lord there are two Paradises.”
In Surah Naazi’aat, verse 40, 41, Allah Almighty declares that:
وَ اَمَّا مَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّہٖ وَ نَہَی النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْہَوٰیo فَاِنَّ الْجَنَّۃَ ہِیَ الْمَاْوٰی
“But as for him who fears to stand before his Lord, and restrains his soul from evil desires; Then undoubtedly, Paradise is his destination.”
Allah Almighty clearly commands us to protect our gaze and our private parts, in Surah Nur, verses 30.31, He declares that:
قُلْ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِیْنَ یَغُضُّوْامِنْ اَبْصَارِھِمْ وَیَحْفَظُوْا فُرُوْجَھُمط ذٰلِکَ اَزْکٰی لَھُمْ ط اِنَّ اللہَ خَبِیْرٌ بِمَایَصْنَعُوْنَ وَقُلْ لِّلْمُؤْمِنٰتِ یَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ اَبْصَارِ ھِنَّ وَیَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوْجَھُنَّ
“Order the Muslim men to lower their sights a little and to guard their private parts. This is cleaner for them, undoubtedly, Allah is Aware of their deeds. And order the Muslim women to lower their sights a little and guard their chastity.”
In these verses, the vision and gaze of people are being explained and highlighted. There is no doubt that everything starts when one sees something. Therefore, the cause of this sin is being restricted so that it goes no further. Once you lower your gaze, you cannot be overtaken by desire and when there is no desire, there is no encouragement to commit sin.
An arrow of the Satan steeped in poison!
Hadrat Sayyiduna ibn Masud – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates from the Holy Prophet, – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – who reports the Words of Allah Almighty Who has declared that, “An evil gaze is an arrow of the Satan which is steeped in poison. Whosoever refrains from this evil gaze due to his fear for Me, I will bestow upon him such Imaan (faith), whose sweetness he will feel in his heart.” (Mo’jim Kabeer)
This same evil gaze robbed a Mu’azzin of his faith!
It is reported that there was once a Mu’azzin who had given Azaan for forty years. Once while giving Azaan, his eyes fell upon a pretty lady who happened to be a Christian. He then felt completely desirous for her and lost all his common sense. He left the Azaan and asked the lady to marry him. She replied that her Mehr would indeed be very heavy on him. When he asked what Mehr she wanted, she replied that he would have to become a Christian. He agreed to this and accepted Christianity. She also advised him that her father was on the lower floor of the house and that he should approach her father to marry her. As he was walking down the stairs of the house, he fell and died and departed from this world in the state of kufr.” (Ar Roudul Faa’iq)
Three amazing eyes!
The Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has stated that three eyes would never see the fire of Hell.
- The eyes (which stood) as look out in the Path of Allah.
- The eyes which shed tears in fear of Almighty Allah.
- The eyes which stopped from seeing those things which Allah Almighty had made Haraam. (Mo’jim Kabeer)
How to achieve joy in Ibadah (worship)?
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Umaamah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has declared that, “When the gaze of a Muslim falls on a pretty woman and he lowers his gaze, Allah Almighty will instil joy in his heart for (acts) of Ibadah (worship).” (Musnad Imam Ahmed)
A guarantee of Jannah from the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him
Hadrat Sayyiduna Ubaadah bin Thaamit – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has declared that, “Whosoever can give me a guarantee of six things, I will give him a guarantee of (entering) Jannah. They are:
- When he speaks, he should speak the truth.
- When he promises, he should keep his promise.
- When a trust is placed with you, you should return it.
- Protect your private parts.
- Lower your gaze.
- Refrain your hands (meaning do not cause trouble for others). (Mustadrak – Haakim)
How easy is it for a women to enter Jannah!
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has declared that, “When a female performs her five Salaah, protects her private parts and obeys her husband, she may enter Jannah through whichever door she wishes.” (Al Ihsaan)
He will enjoy the shadow of the Divine Throne (Arsh)!
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has declared that, “There are seven people who will be blessed by the Allah Almighty with being under the Shadow of the Divine Arsh at that time when besides the shadow of the Arsh, no other shadow will exist.” He then mentioned these seven people and (among them), he also mentioned that person who will be invited by a beautiful female with influence (and power) to commit a sin (in other words adultery) and he will reply, “I fear my Creator!” (Bukhari Shareef)
Kifli has been forgiven!
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Abdur Rahman bin ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with them – explains that if he did not hear this Hadith Shareef nearly seven times from the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – he would not have mentioned it. However, he admits that he heard this Hadith Shareef even more times than this.
The Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – explains that, “There was once a person among the Bani Israel named Kifli who was a great sinner. Once a helpless female asked him for some money and he gave her one hundred Dinaars with the condition that she commits a sin with him. However, when he approached this female, she began to tremble severely and also cried out. When he asked her why she was crying, she replied, ‘I have never done this before and today this desperation has made me helpless.’
“When he heard this, Kifli moved away from this female and declared, ‘If this is your state because of the fear you have for the Allah Almighty, then I am more entitled than you to fear Him. Leave and whatever money I have given you, it belongs to you and I swear by Allah that after this, I will never disobey my Lord.’
“It so happened that he passed away that same night. In the morning, the people found a notice on his door which read, ‘Without doubt, Almighty Allah has forgiven Kifli.’ The people were very surprised when they saw this.” (Tirmidi Shareef)
An extremely intelligent female
It is said that once a farmer fell desirous towards the wife of one of his workers. He then made some excuse to send that worker away for the day and invited this lady to his house. When she came, he instructed her to close all the doors. After she did this, he asked her whether all the doors had been closed and she replied, “Yes, all the doors have been closed, however, there is one door which I could not close and which still remains open”. He asked her which door that was and she replied, “It is the door between us and the Creator, Allah Almighty”. When he heard this reply, it was like a lightning had hit him. He immediately made Taubah and promised that he will never do this again. (Oyunul Hikaayah)
He saw Nabi Yusuf – peace be upon him – his grave!
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdur Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – narrates: Hadrat Sayyiduna Atta bin Yasaar and Hadrat Sayyiduna Sulayman bin Yasaar – may Allah’s mercy be upon them – with a few companions were on a journey to perform the Hajj. At a place called “Abwa” the caravan stopped and all the travellers left to busy themselves with their own activities. However, Sayyiduna Ataa bin Yasaar – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – remained behind and began to perform his Salaah near the goods which were placed nearby. A few minutes later, a very beautiful female appeared from a nearby village and invited him to commit adultery with her. However, he instructed her to go away, yet this female continued to force him and he kept chasing her away.
He then began to weep and when she saw his sincere humility and honesty, she also began to weep with him. At that moment, Hadrat Sayyiduna Sulayman bin Yasaar – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – also arrived and when he saw them weeping, he also began to weep! And surprisingly, even the returning travellers began to weep when they say this. The female then returned to her village and everyone busied themselves with their own preparations. Due to the immense awe and power which was seen in the features of Hadrat Sayyiduna Ataa bin Yasaar – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – no one dared question him about what had happened and why he was weeping.”
Hadrat Sayyiduna Sulayman bin Yasaar – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – further narrates:
One day I gathered some strength and approached him and asked, “O my brother! What was the (background story) behind that female on that day?” He replied, “I will relate the whole story to you but on condition, you will never reveal this to anyone as long as I am alive!”
He then revealed that, “On the same night, I saw Nabi Yusuf – peace be upon him – in a dream and when I saw him, I began to weep.” Nabi Yusuf – peace be upon him – asked me the reason for weeping and I explained, “O Prophet of Allah! My parents be sacrificed for you. I am weeping when I think of the time you were imprisoned, the time when you were tragically separated from your father, Nabi Yaqub – peace be upon him, and the time when you were tested by the wife of the advisor of Egypt. I am also surprised at the effort you made to remain pure, when you displayed immense patience and showed gratitude in the (court) of the Allah Almighty (after all of this).”
After listening to me, Nabi Yusuf – peace be upon him – replied, “Are you not surprised by the person who was confronted by the incident of a lady from a village.” When, I heard this, I immediately understood to which incident he was indicating to.”
It is further said that Hadrat Sayyiduna Sulayman bin Yasaar – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – never revealed this incident to anyone while Hadrat Sayyiduna Ataa bin Yasaar – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – was alive. However, when he passed away, this incident was revealed to his family and it became famous around the village thereafter. (Oyunul Hikaayah)
The Barakah (blessing) of a Wasila or medium!
If a Muslim presents one of his sincere and pious deeds as a Wasila in the Divine Court of the Allah Almighty and makes Du’a, there is a high probability that his Du’a would be accepted. We see from the story of the three people in the cave who each presented his own good deed as a Wasila while making Du’a. In like manner, we can also use the sincere and pious deeds of the special slaves of the Allah Almighty as a Wasila when we make Du’a.
Since there are various Hadith Shareef which explains the idea of “Wasila”, hence, it is important that we explain what this is. “Wasila” means to achieve the Barakah of mentioning the special slaves of the Allah Almighty in His Divine Court and their actions because mentioning them in His Court, is a source of Divine Mercy. There is no doubt that the special servants of the Allah Almighty have a special place in His Divine Court and when we use their names in our Du’a, there is a greater chance of our Du’a being accepted. (Al Aqaa’id wal Masaa’il)
Imam Taqeeudeen Subki Shafi – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – explains that, “A person in need should use the status and the Barakah of the position of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – in the Court of the Allah Almighty (when seeking anything). This is permissible in all conditions. In other words, this was permissible before his blessed birth, while he was in this world and even after he has left this world. In all conditions and state, there are (many) Ahadith which proves the permissibility of this”. (Shifa us Siqaam)
The blessed name of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – on the Divine Throne!
It is reported that when Nabi Adam – peace be upon him – made Du’a to the Allah Almighty, he used the name of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – as Wasila. When the Allah Almighty asked where he had seen this, he replied that he had seen this blessed name written on the Divine Throne.
In other words, he had seen the following words written on the Divine Throne which was – “There is no deity (worthy of worship) except Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah” – and because of this, he understood that this was a special creation of the Allah Almighty whose name was recorded next to the Divine Name of the Allah Almighty. The Allah Almighty then declared, “O Adam! You have spoken the truth! Without doubt, Muhammad is the most closest to me than any other creation and since you have made Du’a to Me seeking forgiveness using the truth of his name, therefore, I have forgiven you and if Muhammad did not exist, I would not have created even you.” (Mustadrak – Haakim)
Revelation to Nabi ‘Isa – peace be upon him
It is mentioned that the Allah Almighty sent revelation to Nabi ‘Isa – peace be upon him , “O ‘Isa! Bring faith on Muhammad – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – and inform your Ummah that whosoever meets him, they should certainly believe in him. If Muhammad did not exist, I would not have created Adam. If he did not exist, I would not have created Paradise and Hell. I created the Throne on water and it began to tremble and when “La ilaaha illal laahu Muohammadur Rasoolullah” appeared on it, it stopped trembling.” (Mustadrak -Haakim)
Using the Wasila of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – in his lifetime!
Imam Taqeeudeen Subki Shafi – may Allah have mercy on him – explains, “Using the Wasila of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – was permissible during his life time in this world. Sufficient proof for this is that narration in which the eyes of a certain person regained its vision.” (Shifa us Siqaam)
His eyes regained its vision
Hadrat Sayyiduna Uthman bin Hunaif – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that a blind companion approached the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – and pleaded, “O Prophet of Allah! Please make Du’a to Allah Almighty that he removes the veil from my eyes (so that I may see clearly)”.
The Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – replied, “If you wish, I can make Du’a for you and if you wish, you can have patience and patience is better for you”. He then requested that Du’a be made for him. The Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – then asked him to make proper Wudu, and make Du’a in the following words:
“O Allah! I implore you and I turn to You through the Wasila of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him. O Prophet of Allah! I turn to Allah Almighty through your Wasila for this need so that this need is granted. O Allah! Accept the intercession of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – on my behalf”.
The narrator further explains that, “By Allah! Only a few moments had passed when that person arrived and he was writing in such a manner as if he had never been blind”. (Tirmidi Shareef; Dalaailun Nubuwah by Imam Bahiqi)
The Prophet’s special Du’a for Sayyidah Fatimah binte Asad – may Allah be pleased with her!
It is reported that when the blessed mother of the Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – passed away, then the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – made a special Du’a for her in the following words, “O Allah! Please forgive my mother Fatimah binte Asad – may Allah be pleased with her. And through me and through the truth of the previous Prophets (using this Wasila) please make her grave expansive.” (Mo’jim Kabeer)
Using the Awliya as Wasila
Hadrat Imam Taqeeudeen Subki Shafi – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – explains that, “As it is permissible to use the blessed personality of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – as a Wasila, in like manner, it is permissible to use the Wasila of those blessed people who have a special connection with the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him.” (Shifa us Siqaam)
Hadrat ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – used the Prophets uncle as a Wasila
Imam Mohammed bin Ismail Bukhaari – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – narrates that when there was severe drought, Hadrat ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – used to make Du’a to the Allah Almighty using the Wasila of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him. After a few moments, it used to rain! (Bukhaari Shareef)
Question: If Hadrat ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – thought it permissible to use the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – as a Wasila, why did he use the Prophet’s uncle’s name instead?
Answer: Hadrat ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – was merely proving to us that besides the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – one can also use other pious peoples name as a Wasila and that there is no harm in this. It must also be remembered that there have been many other instances where people used the blessed name of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – as a Wasila.
These are some of the lessons which we have learnt
- To present a pious deed or action in the Divine Court of the Allah Almighty is a means of acceptance of ones Du’a.
- We should remember to make Du’a to Allah Almighty even when we are in a comfortable state and not only when we are in a difficult state. We should also never lose hope in the Divine Mercy of the Allah Almighty.
- Sincerity is a very noble and great trait as was proven from the story of the three travellers in the cave.
- Serving one’s parents is a means of success in both worlds.
- One should give one’s parents the highest position compared to one’s wife, children and other relatives.
- As much as we serve our parents, we can never truly repay them.
- To refrain from committing a sin even though one has the power to sin simply because one has fear for Allah Almighty is a very noble and great trait.
- If one has the real wish to refrain from sin, Allah Almighty would create means for that person to protect himself from that sin.
- Sincere deeds carry immediate effect and can even turn solid rock into candle.
- Returning a trust is a means of removing personal calamity. One should make sure that one pays the worker on time and properly. If the person has not come to collect his wages, one should make sure that this is kept aside so that it could be eventually given back to the person.
- To be kind and courteous to a poor person or worker is indeed a very great and noble deed.