Download The Entire Series in PDF: ahle-bayt-and-karbala-the-most-detailed-and-authentic-thesis-on-the-event-of-karbala

Yazeed and his Final Damnation

There is no doubt that an evil force always tries its level best to destroy something which is noble and just, but in the end, it always loses. Nimrud had killed countless of children fearing that one of them will destroy his position. He even placed Nabi Ebrahim ‘Alayhis Salaam in a fire so that any danger to his kingdom could be eliminated. Finally, it was Nabi Ebrahim ‘Alayhis Salaam who became the reason for the final destruction of Nimrud. Pharaoh had killed thousands of children from the Bani Israel and had spared their women folk, yet it was the same child whom he had spared who became the source of his ultimate destruction.

 

Yazeed had sent nearly 200,000 soldiers to destroy the Ahle Bayt. Perhaps he was afraid knowing the strength of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – and also because he knew that this was the son of the Lion of Allah Almighty. In other words, this idiot had sent a large army just to destroy a six month old baby. However, what finally happened? Today, in every city we will find the offsprings of Imam Hasan Allahu ‘Anhu and Imam Husain Allahu ‘Anhu. Nonetheless, no sensible person will admit that his forefather was one of the soldiers in the Yazeedi army leave alone admit that he comes from the family of Yazeed! In other words, Yazeed’s oppression did not last and his family was obliterated from the pages of history.

 

There is no doubt that many major incidents took place in history, many battles were won and lost. Many forms of oppression had occurred in the world, but none is remembered so clearly as the incident of Karbala. Even up to the present day, when the 10th of Muharram arrives, the entire Muslim community around the world remembers this unhappy occasion. It seems as if this incident only occurred yesterday. In fact, Karbala is remembered continuously. However, what happened to Yazeed after this incident is what happened to him. This is the reason that one day, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – mentioned, “A government can continue with Kufr but can never continue to survive through oppression.”

 

Hatred against Yazeed increases

 

When the news spread among people about what had actually happened in Karbala, everyone began to insult and curse Yazeed especially the people in Madina Shareef. At the same time, this idiot also sent people to explain to the people in Madina Shareef that he he did not personally have anything to do with this. In fact, a special committee was set up in Madina Shareef (at the request of Yazeed) to investigate the entire incident. However, it finally reached a conclusion that the tyranny of Yazeed cannot be tolerated any more.

 

There is also no doubt it is better to die a brave death than a cowardly one. It is mentioned that one day as a lion is better than one hundred years as a fox. It is not sufficient that we only live, but it is vitally important that we safeguard our Imaan.

 

This is the reason that a person who dies in the Path of Allah Almighty is considered a martyr or Shaheed and a Shaheed is someone who is a witness hence, we are not allowed to consider them as dead people. In other words, they are alive which is why they are considered as a witness. Even though this person is someone who has been killed and his or her body broken into pieces and buried, a true martyr is always alive in all of these circumstances. The reason is that he or she has given their life on the path of truth. In fact, such a person has not only saved the lives of others and given his own life but he has only shown others the manner of living and surviving with respect and dignity.

 

In fact, it is like a match which burns and becomes ashes, but it brightens the entire house. Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him -, with the intention of brightening the house of Islam, was prepared to sacrifice himself and his entire family to achieve this. At first, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was also prepared to retire to one corner of the world with his blessed family and let things be, however, when he realised that these people were only intent on destroying the true message of Islam, from that moment onwards, he stood as a firm rock so that no damage could be inflicted on the religion of Islam.

 

After this incident, Yazeed also sent another large army to Madina Shareef. Many innocent people were killed in the both the Harams. He also had the cloth of the Ka’ba burnt. He had the horn of the animal which was slaughtered in the name of Nabi Ismail ‘Alayhis Salaam also burnt. However, within a period of only two years, he became ill and after being bed-ridden from three days, he died.

 

Yazeed kept on asking for water and when water was given to him, it seemed to pierce his throat as he opened his mouth. His son, Mu’awiyyah Asghar was then forcefully placed on the throne. However, Mu’awiyyah Asghar stepped down from the throne saying that he was not prepared to sit on a chair which was stained with the blood of the Ahle Bayt. He then went into his room and locked himself inside. Fifteen days later, they found his dead body in his room.

 

In like manner, each person who had been involved in this incident was hunted by Mukhtaar Saqafi and killed. Most of them were burnt alive. As for Malik bin Basheer who had removed the turban from the blessed head of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –, his hand and feet were chopped off. As for those who tried to escape, they were hunted and killed using terrible methods.

 

Even snakes appeared from their skulls

 

Amaarah bin Ameer narrates that when the skulls of ibn Ziyad and his companions were brought and placed in front of the crowds he was also present. People also began to shout, “they have arrived, they have arrived”. Suddenly a snake appeared and entered the skulls. It also entered the nostrils of ibn Ziyad and reappeared a few minutes later.

 

It is also reported that when ibn Ziyad was attacked and killed, his skull and the skull of others were sent to Mukhtar in Kufa. When they placed these skulls on the floor, a snake suddenly appeared and continued to enter and re-enter only the skull of ibn Ziyad and no one else. These skulls were then finally sent to Ibn Zubair – may Allah be pleased with him – and Muhammad Al Hanfiyah – may Allah be pleased with him –. The skulls were also hung in Mecca Shareef. Finally, ibn Ashtar had all of these corpses burnt.

 

The sudden appearance of this snake has also been mentioned in the Sahih Muslim.

 

Other such strange incidents can also be seen in the Al Bidaayah.

 

It is mentioned that when the ruler of Persia had torn the letter of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – little did he realize that he was actually tearing up his own country. As a matter of fact, this was also mentioned by Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. A few years later, Persia and its one time ruler ceased to exist. If this is the case with someone who tore the letter of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – imagine the state of that person who tried to tear up the blessed family of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –?

 

When Marwan saw what was happening around him, he suddenly made a claim for leadership. However, Mukhtaar had already called people in Kufa to avenge the passing of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –. Ibn Ziyad also tried to find himself a position in this government but since it was fast becoming obsolete, the government of Marwan was destroyed. Now, exactly six years later on the 10th of Muharram, the head of ibn Ziyad was placed in front of Mukhtaar. This happened at the very same spot where a few years earlier, the blessed head of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was placed in front of Yazeed and ibn Ziyad.

 

When Yazeed failed to shake the blessed feet of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him -, how would he have succeeded in moving the great Imam away from the path of truth? The miracle of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was that even his followers stood firm like him while the followers of Yazeed took flight wherever they could in fear. In brief, the followers of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – could never be moved from the path of truth and the followers of Yazeed could never be placed on the path of truth.

 

The difference in both groups was the person leading the group. Yazeed was a leader who was false and corrupt while Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was someone who was truthful and noble. One was a symbol of impurity and corruption while the other was a symbol of purity and nobility. Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was someone who when he stood on the mimbar, there was no better speaker than him and when he stood in the front of an army, there was no better commander than him. In short, the name of all goodness is Husain and the name of all evil is Yazeed.

 

As for those who had sworn allegiance to Yazeed realised that if they do not break this oath of allegiance, very soon, stones will also rain down upon them. Because of the incident of Hurrah where the Ka’ba was terribly damaged, many people broke their allegiance with Yazeed. In Yazeed’s time, stones were hurled at the Ka’ba by a sling shot.

Imam Hasan Basri – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that no one in Madina Shareef was spared from the oppression of Yazeed when he decided to attack Madina Shareef. At the instruction of Yazeed, the idiot who entered Madina Shareef was Muslim bin Uqbah. Even a pious and noble companion like Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed Khudri – may Allah be pleased with him – had his beard was pulled out. It was during these days that the blessed Mother of the Faithful, Sayyidah Umme Salmah – may Allah be pleased with her -, was martyred. Her house was also vandalised.

 

Seven eminent companions were also martyred. In total, nearly 10,000 people were killed in Madina Shareef. (Ibn Jareer)

 

In the Hadith Shareef, it is mentioned that a person who frightens the people of Madina Shareef, upon him is the Divine Curse of Allah Almighty, the curse of the Angels and the curse of all mankind. Neither in his Fard accepted nor his Nafil. In place of this, extreme fear will also be created in him by Allah Almighty. (Musnad Imam Ahmed)

 

In the various authentic books of Ahadith, it is mentioned that as salt dissolves in water, in like manner, this person will be dissolved in immense punishment. If this is the state of that person who simply creates fear for the people of Madina Shareef, imagine the state of those who deliberately oppress and kill the people of Madina Shareef such as was committed by Yazeed and those who supported him? During the rule of Yazeed, for three days the Adhan was not heard in the blessed Masjid in Madina Shareef. Salaah in congregation was also not performed. The blessed Masjid was actually used as a stable! In fact, the animals were also allowed to mess in the area between the blessed Mimbar and Riyaadul Jannah. All of this was committed during the period of Yazeed. And in which Masjid? That Masjid in which the performance of a single Salaah carries with it a reward equal to having performed 50,000 Salaah. That Masjid in which morning and evening, 70,000 Angels appear to greet Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Yet, in this blessed Masjid, the animals are allowed to roam freely and also allowed to mess the place.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’eed bin Musayyib – may Allah be pleased with him – reveals that, “I used to act like I was insane and remain in the Masjid. Because I behaved in this manner, the soldiers used to leave me alone. This was at that time when Adhan and Congregational Salaah had ceased in the blessed Masjid. However, I recognized the time of Salaah when I used to hear sounds appearing from the blessed grave of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.”

 

In fact, such was the oppression and tyranny of this person of Hell that even during the blessed era of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar bin Abdul Aziz – may Allah be pleased with him – anyone found guilty of calling Yazeed by the title of “Ameerul Mo’mineen” was given twenty lashes! (Tahzeeb Al Tahzeeb)

 

As for those ‘Ulama who have remained cautious of calling Yazeed a Kaafir, even they have called this acts of oppression as acts of Kufr. In other words, these are actions which are only committed by a genuine Kaafir. At the same time, it is also actions which are testimony to the fact that the person is a Kaafir. In fact, someone to have shown clear disrespect to Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – and to even say that he has avenged the Day of Badr, all these are words of Kufr. (Sharah Fiqh Akbar) The words of Yazeed were such but words of encouragement for the Kuffaar and especially those Kuffaar who the Holy Qur’an had clearly condemned.

This is the reason the blessed companion, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Barzah Aslama – may Allah be pleased with him – clearly informed him, “‘O Yazeed! On the Day of Judgement, you will appear in such a manner that your intercessor will be ibn Ziyad.” (In other words, he will be drowned in eternal punishment and he will also make you drown in eternal punishment). As for Husain, the person who will intercede for him, is his blessed grandfather – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.”

 

If there are certain supporters of Yazeed who say that Yazeed was not happy with his actions, where are yours proof and did Yazeed hold anyone to account for these actions? Did Yazeed punish anyone for these actions?

 

Our answer to them is that even Nimrud and Pharaoh did not kill any child with their own hands, yet, they are accountable because all of this occurred with their specific instructions.

 

There are some followers who say that there is a possibility that Yazeed made Taubah before he died.

 

Remember that this idiot died while the Ka’ba was burning at his instruction. So when did he make Taubah? His entire life he spent in drinking alcohol and marrying females which were Haraam to him. In other words, these followers are saying that their master Yazeed, in spite of doing all of these Haraam acts his entire life, is a person of Jannah and the one who used to ride on the blessed shoulders of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is somewhere else. Ma’azallah.

 

The Hadith of Constantinople

 

There are some people of Hell who say that Yazeed is a person in Jannah, Ma’azallah, according to the Hadith which pertains to Constantinople. Remember that this type of statement appears from those idiots who say that anyone whose name is “Muhammad” or “‘Ali” cannot be of any help to anyone! They also believe that no one can intercede for anyone. In fact, they only believe that the person who will be interceded for is Yazeed, Ma’azallah.

 

They say that the words used in this Hadith Shareef is “magh fur lahum.” In other words, the belief of these misled people is that after Hajj, a person can do whatever he wants because the same words are also used to describe a person who completes his Hajj. Also bear in mind that in this Hadith Shareef, not all the armies are mentioned. The army which is mentioned is only the first army that went for this Jihad. Therefore, Yazeed is not included in this group.  Remember also that this first group went for Jihad in either 36 A.H. or 38 A.H. and Yazeed was only born in 35 A.H. or 37 A.H. Imam ibn Hajr Asqalani – may Allah be pleased with him – in Lisaanul Haywaan also explains that Yazeed was born during the rule of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman Ghani – may Allah be pleased with him – and not during the time of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.

 

As for those who say that Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – brought Yazeed to the court of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and he was declared a Jannati with his father, there is no basis or proof for this statement. Yes, there is no doubt that such a statement could have been made for Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – because he was a blessed companion but such a statement could never have been made for Yazeed because he was not born yet.

 

From this, we come to also understand that Yazeed was in the second army that went to Constantinople and not the first army.

 

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – also stated that this Ummah would continue to exist with justice, however, this would be interrupted by someone from the Bani Ummayyah and his name would be Yazeed. In the same book it is mentioned that the first person who would confuse and destroy the Sunnah would be Yazeed. The writer of Majma’uz Zawaa’id also states that all the narrators of this Hadith Shareef are authentic.

 

In fact, one of the blessed companions, Hadrat Sayyiuduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him –, used to also make Du’a that he is protected from the end of the 60th year of Hijrah. In fact, he passed away in the 59th year of Hijrah. (Al Bidaayah, As Sawaa’iqu Muharriqah)

 

In fact, many people used to make this type of Du’a. From this we can imagine how difficult this period was going to be for the Muslims. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Hanzalah – may Allah be pleased with him – described this period in the following words, “We decided to go against Yazeed when we had the fear that if we do not do so then stones would rain upon us from the heavens. The reason is that this person used to drink, he never performed Salaah and used to marry those females whom it was Haraam for him to marry.”

 

As a matter of fact, Yazeed’s own son even admitted that his father was in the Fire of Hell because of his actions. (Taarikha Al Khulafah) This is what the son is saying, while the stepsons of Yazeed in the present era are calling their step father a Jannati, Ma’azallah.

 

Before the Hadith of Constantinople is even mentioned, there is a Hadith Shareef which clearly states that there are three types of people whom Allah Almighty will not even look at on the Day of Judgement with His Divine Mercy. For these people there is a terrible punishment. One of them is that person who has spare water in a certain pathway, but stops a traveller (from drinking this water). (Bukhari Shareef) In Karbala, where was there more water than anywhere else in that place except in the Euphrates and yet, this Satan stopped the Ahle Bayt from drinking that water.

 

Do not think that this was a war between two families. This was a war between an alcoholic and a blessed companion. This was a war between between a traitor of religion and someone who performed his Salaah in the Haramain Shareef. This was a war between a certified dweller of Hell and the leader of the young people in Jannah. This was a war between the brother of Pharaoh and someone who sat on the blessed shoulders of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. This was a war between a filthy soul and a most pure and noble soul.

 

Research into the Hadith of Constantinople

 

There are many groups which have existed in Islam. There is a group that continues to insult the blessed Ashaab and there is a group that insults the blessed Ahle bayt. But there is also one group which holds the blessed Ashaab and the Ahle Bayt in immense regard and respect. Those who insult the blessed companions are known as the “Raafidi” and those who oppose and insult the blessed Ahle Bayt are known as the “Khaariji”. As for the group which has immense respect and reverence for the blessed Ashaab and the Ahle Bayt, they are known as the Ahle Sunnah wa Jamaah.

 

Those who oppose the blessed opinion of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and insult the blessed Ahle Bayt, and praise a despicable person like Yazeed, we can fathom which group they belong to.

 

One of the greatest “proofs” which the supporters of Yazeed have is the Hadith which describes the issue of Constantinople. This Hadith Shareef is to be found in the Bukhari Shareef in the chapter which explains about Jihad. The Hadith will be explained presenting the various narrators as well.

 

This Hadith has been narrated by Ishaq bin Yazeed Damishqi, who reports from Yahya bin Hamza who reports from Thaur bin Yazeed, who reports from Kh’Alid bin Ma’ad, who reports from Umair bin Aswad Ansi, who reports that he approached Abaadah bin Saamit – may Allah be pleased with him – when he was on an island on the banks of Hums living in a certain house. He was also with his wife Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her –. Umair narrates that Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – mentioned a Hadith Shareef which she heard from the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, who stated that, “The first army in my Ummah who will enter the sea and fight, there is no doubt that it has become Waajib upon them. (In other words, Jannah has become Waajib upon them). Umme Hiraan – may Allah be pleased with her – than asked, “O Prophet of Allah! Will I also be among them?”  He replied, “You will also be among them.” He then said, “The first army in my Ummah who will fight in the city of Ceaser, namely Constantinople, will be pardoned.” Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – then asked, “O Prophet of Allah Almighty will I also be among them?” He replied, “No.”

 

This Hadith has also been mentioned in the Bukhari Shareef in a few other places, however, in these reports, the words, ‘Waajib and pardon from all sins’ are not mentioned. In like manner, the description of both armies are also presented in different words. For example, in the Bukhari Shareef in the chapter which explains the issue of making Du’a for the males and females who take part in Jihad, the following Hadith Shareef appears.

 

Imam Bukhari – may Allah be pleased with him – mentions that Abdullah bin Yusuf informed him, he reports from Malik, he reports from Ishaq bin Abdullah bin Abi Talha and he reports from Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – who explains that, “Sometimes, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to go to the house of Sayyidah Umme Hiraam binte Milhaan – may Allah be pleased with her -, who is the aunt of Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him –. She used to feed him. Her husband was Hadrat Sayyiduna Abaadah bin Saamit – may Allah be pleased with him –. Once the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was in her house and she fed him some food. She then began to massage his blessed head with the result that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – dozed off. However a few minutes later, he awoke smiling.”

 

(Sayyiduna Umme Hiraan – may Allah be pleased with him –) narrates that she asked him, “Why are you smiling?” He replied, “There are certain followers of mine who had been presented in front of me in this state who will make Jihad and are sitting on thrones like Kings.”

 

Sayyidah Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with him – then asked him, “O Prophet of Allah, please make Du’a that He allowes me to be among them.” The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – made Du’a for her.

 

He then placed his blessed head on the pillow and dozed off and again. He awoke and he was smiling. I then asked, “O Prophet of Allah, what has made you smile?” He replied, “There are people in my Ummah who will perform Jihad and who have been presented to me,” and he mentioned the same thing. Umme Hiraam says that she then asked him, “O Prophet of Allah Almighty! Please make Du’a to Allah Almighty that He includes me among these people.” However, he replied, “You are among the first group”. It is mentioned that during the Khilafah of Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him –, Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – also did board a ship and when she disembarked from this boat and started to climb on her horse, she fell and passed away.

 

This Hadith Shareef is mentioned in the Bukhari Shareef in that chapter which explains the state of that person who falls off their animal while in Jihad and that they are indeed among the martyrs as well.

 

In the Hadith Shareef it is mentioned that Imam Bukhari – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that Abdullah bin Yusuf mentioned to him, and he reports from Laith, he reports from Yahya, and he reports from Muhammad bin Yahya bin Habban, and he reports from Hadrat Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him -, and he reports from his aunt, Sayyidah Umme Hiraam binte Malhaan – may Allah be pleased with her -, and she narrates that one day the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was resting at her house and awoke while smiling. She then asked him why he was smiling and he replied that certain people from his Ummah were presented to him who will be in a travelling in a green sea such as a King who travels on his throne. (Sayyidah Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her –) then asked, “Please make Du’a to Allah Almighty that I am included among them.” He then made Du’a for Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her –. He then slept again and a few minutes later, again he awoke smiling and on inquiry, he mentioned the same thing. Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – than asked him to make Du’a for her to be included among these people and he replied, “You are among the first group.”

 

Consequentially, she also left for Jihad with her husband when the Muslims went on a sea voyage with Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him –. When she returned from this voyage and stayed in Syria then an animal went close to Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – so that she could climb on this animal. However, this animal dropped her and she passed away.

 

Imam Bukhari – may Allah be pleased with him – had also mentioned this Hadith Shareef in Kitaabul Jihad under the chapter of sea voyages. The following is presented.

 

Imam Bukhari narrates that Abu Nu’man had mentioned and he reported from Hammad bin Zaid, and he from Yahya, and he from Muhammad bin Habban, and he from Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him -, who narrates that Sayyidah Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – had mentioned to him that one day the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was sleeping in Qaylulah and after a few minutes, he awoke and he was smiling. I then asked him, “O Prophet of Allah, why are you smiling?” He replied, “I was surprised at one group from among my Ummah who sit on a throne like Kings and travel on an ocean” I then asked, “O Prophet of Allah Almighty please make Du’a that Allah Allah Almighty includes me among them.” He then replied, “You are among them”. After that, he again went back to sleep. And a few minutes later, he again awoke smiling and mentioned the same thing. This took place three times and I asked, “O Prophet of Allah! Please make Du’a to Allah Almighty that I am included among them.” He replied that I was among the first group. Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – was then married to Hadrat Sayyiduna Abaadah bin Saamit – may Allah be pleased with him – and also left with him for Jihad. While returning, she approached an animal so that she could climb on this animal, she fell and she broke her neck. (Nisaa’i, Bukhari, Fathul Baari, Umdatul Qaari, Hulyatul Awliyah, Tafheemul Bukhari, Tayseerul Baari)

 

Imam Bukhari – may Allah be pleased with him – has also recorded the following Hadith Shareef under the chapter of females who undertook a sea voyage.

 

This was narrated to me (Imam Bukhari) by Abdullah bin Muhammad, he from Mu’aawiyah bin Amr, he from Abu Ishaaq, he from Abdullah bin Abdur Rahman, and he heard from Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him -, who narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was resting at the house of Umme Hiraam binte Malhan – may Allah be pleased with her –. He had a pillow and was resting on this pillow. However, he then smiled and awoke. Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – then asked him, “O Prophet of Allah, why did you smile?” He replied, “There are people in my Ummah who will travel through a green sea in the Path of Allah Almighty such as a King who sits on his throne.” She then asked, “O Prophet of Allah, please make Du’a to Allah Almighty that I am among them.” He them made Du’a, “O Allah Almighty please include her among them.”

 

He again went back to sleep and again awoke while he was smiling. I then asked, “O Prophet of Allah, why did you smile?” He replied, “The people from my Ummah who make Jihad in the Path of Allah Almighty were presented to me like the first time.” Sayyidah Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – then asked, “O Prophet of Allah, please make Du’a to Allah Almighty that I am among them.” He then replied, “You have been included among the first group.” (In other words, in the first group or army and not in the second group of army) Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – further explains that after this she was married to Hadrat Sayyiduna Abaadah bin Saamit – may Allah be pleased with him – and he took her with him to Rome on Jihad. While they were returning from this Jihad and while she began to climb on an animal, she fell from this animal, broke her neck and passed away. (She was also declared a martyr). (Bukhari, Umdatul Qari, Fathful Bari, Tayseerul Baari, Tafheemul Bukhaari)

 

In all of these Ahadith, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had mentioned about Jihad and Jihad while travelling on an ocean. In other words, in all of these aHadith, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had clearly described something which was clearly Knowledge of the Unseen. It is quite strange that people would object to him having Knowledge of the Unseen when he is actually predicting what type of battle his Ummah would undertake in the future. At the same time, there are people who even make the stupid suggestion that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – did not even know when he would pass away, Ma’azzalah, yet Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is already saying that this blessed companion would be part of the first group and not the second group. This clearly means that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – knew that she would not be present in the second group and would pass away before that. The worst part for those who are objectors of the Knowledge of the Unseen is that this Hadith Shareef is actually appearing in the Bukhari Shareef of all books. They say that they accept the Bukhari Shareef and teach it in their Madressahs. They do teach it and nothing else. They do not accept or believe it in any way at all.

 

 

Special note:

 

The person who narrated this Hadith Shareef is Hadrat Sayyidah Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her –. The other narrator is Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – who is the nephew of Sayyidah Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her –. The following are also the people who have mentioned and conveyed this Hadith Shareef. They are Hadrat Umair bin Al Aswad Ansi, Hadrat Khalid bin Ma’daan, Hadrat Thour bin Yazeed, Hadrat Hamzah, Hadrat Yahya, Hadrat Ishaaq bin Yazeed Damishqi, Hadrat Ishaaq bin Abdullah bin Abu Talha, Hadrat Malik, Hadrat Abdullah bin Yusuf, Hadrat Muhammad bin Yahya bin Habbaan, Hadrat Laith, Hadrat Hammad bin Zaid, Hadrat Abu Numaan, Hadrat Abdullah bin Abdur Rahman Ansari, Hadrat Abu Ishaq, Hadrat Mu’awiyah ibn Amar and Hadrat Abdullah bin Muhammad – may Allah be pleased with them –.

 

All of these reports prove beyond a shadow of doubt that Sayyidah Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – was clearly given Knowledge of the Unseen. In other words, she would certainly go on a sea voyage and will not travel on the second journey. Even though she did request on many times to be allowed on the second journey, yet the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – made it clear that she will only be in the first voyage and not the second. The words of the Hadith Shareef are very clear, “You will be in the first army and will not be in the second army.”

 

At the same time, look at the certainty of Sayyidah Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – in the blessed words of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – in that whatever was told to her. She believed without question. At the same time, even Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – also gave clear indication that he also believed in the Unseen Knowledge which was been given by Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. Whenever any of this type of news or events were revealed to them by the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – at no time did any of the blessed companions ever say that no one knew what will happen tomorrow. They never uttered the words that only Allah Almighty knew what will happen tomorrow. They had absolute certainty that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had definitely been given this news of the Unseen by Allah Almighty and that there was nothing unusual about this. They also had absolute certainty that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – knew who would enter Jannah and who would enter Hell. In fact, this was also the belief of Hadrat Imam Bukhari – may Allah be pleased with him –.

 

All of these individuals mentioned in the above pages knew with certainty that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had the Knowledge of the Unseen. They knew that he had been given full knowledge of what is to occur on the Day of Judgement and so on and that nothing in this regard contradicted the laws of the Holy Qur’an.

 

At the same time, the knowledge possessed by creation, no matter how beloved that creation is to Allah Almighty, can never be compared to the Divine Knowledge of Allah Almighty. The reason is that Allah Almighty is the Divine Being who bestows this knowledge on His creation, therefore, how can there be a similarity between the Being that gives and the being that receives? Those who believe on the contrary, should certainly appear in front of a learned person and educate themselves about the actual state of this belief. Whenever the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to reveal any secret bit of information to the blessed Ashaab, they never issued any Fatwa of Shirk. This is a latest trend of certain misled groups who are completely unaware of what true Imaan is.

 

In the above Ahadith which we have mentioned, there are two statements that need analysing. They are the words, “It has become Waajib upon them” and “they have been pardoned”. There are certain idiots who believe that this clearly proves that Yazeed is someone who is pardoned. The biggest joke about this is that the people who make this claim are those who do not believe that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had the Knowledge of the Unseen! In their ignorance, they are using a Hadith Shareef which completely contradicts their belief in the Unseen. This Hadith Shareef is presented in the first volume of Bukhari Shareef in the chapter which describes Jihad against the Romans who were Christians.

 

In the Tayseerul Baari which is the Sharah of Sahih Bukhari by Waheedus Zamaan, who is a scholar among the Ghair Muqallid, the words are:

 

  1. The first group in my Ummah who will undertake the journey, it has become Waajib upon them. (in other words, Jannah has become Waajib upon them)
  2. The first group in my Ummah who will attack the Roman city and will be pardoned.

 

However, be that as it may, it is important that we look at the comments and statement of the eminent ‘Ulama prior to us making a judgement in this regard.

 

The opinion of Shah Wali’ullah Muhaddith Dehlwi – may Allah be pleased with him –

 

“There are certain people who use these Ahadith to prove that Yazeed was someone who was pardoned because some people are of the opinion that he led the second group even though this has not been fully substantiated. However, this Hadith Shareef merely proves that whatever sins were committed prior to this battle may have been pardoned. The reason is that Jihad is a type of expiation for one’s previous sins and transgressions. It does not affect any sin which might occur in the future. If, however, this Hadith Shareef mentioned that this would pardon all one’s sins until the Day of Judgement, then it would be a different case altogether. However, this is not mentioned. Therefore, the pardon of Yazeed is not substantiated. In fact, this issue is left in the Divine Court of Allah Almighty.”

 

Professor Abu Bakr Ghaznawi and those who support Yazeed

 

This same Professor in the article entitled, Qurbat ki Raa’he, states (bearing in mind that this person is a Ghair Muqallid) that, “How tragic and how sad is the death of Imaan Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – that there are certain people who actually stand on the Mimbar and insult the blessed family of the Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – yet, this is that family from which we have received spiritual blessing. These are those blessed people through whose shoes we have received Imaan and certainty. Yet, you continue to insult these blessed people (in the name of protecting Yazeed). At the same time, the disgrace is that you actually use the Mimbar of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. At the same time, when you say these words, it is as if Shimr, Yazeed and ibn Ziyad has employed your people to fight their case.”

 

In fact, after reading these words, all we can say is that for those who are intelligent, a mere sign is enough.

 

Waheeduz Zaman (Ghair Muqallid) and those who love and support Yazeed

 

In his Tayseerul Baari, which is the Sharah of the Sahih Bukhari Shareef, Waheeduz Zaman states, “The first Jihad was for the island of Qubrus which was won. In this Jihad, Umme Hiraam – may Allah be pleased with her – also took part. The second Jihad was in 58 A.H. in the city of Constantinople. Some say that Yazeed was leading this army and many eminent Ashaab were involved in this battle such as ibn ‘Umar, ibn Abbas, ibn Zubair and Aby Ayub Ansari – may Allah be pleased with them –. Some idiots like Muhallib have ascertained that this proves the legitimacy of the Khilafah of Yazeed. However, my opinion is where is this proven? Bear in mind that when Yazeed attacked Constantinople, at that time Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – was still the leader of the Muslims and he was also alive. At the same time the legitimacy of Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – has always been maintained by the ‘Ulama until the moment of his passing. Another reason is that this position was passed on to him by Imam Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him –. It does not mean that every person in this army is pardoned or will enter Jannah. We know of an incident when a person was fighting alongside the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and yet, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – declared that this person is a person of Hell. Whether this person will be in Hell or Jannah is dependent on his final moment in this world. Yes, Yazeed did do a good deed when he attacked Constantinople, however, when he stole the leadership from the Muslims this noble deed was also cancelled.  He had Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – killed. He openly insulted the Ahle Bayt. When the blessed head of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – was presented to him, he openly declared that he had avenged the Day of Badr. He attacked the Haram and allowed the animals to be kept inside the Haram. He showed immense disrespect to the blessed grave and also attacked Mecca Shareef. He had Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Zubair – may Allah be pleased with him – martyred. Hujjaj had nearly 100,000 Ashaab and Taba’een murdered. In spite of all of this, can one seriously call Yazeed a Jannati?

 

Imam Qastalani – may Allah be pleased with him – has stated that Yazeed was pleased and happy with the murder of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –. He was also pleased with insulting the Ahle Byat and this is proven beyond a shadow of doubt. Therefore, in this regard, we do not hesitate and even question his so-called Imaan. May the Divine Wrath of Allah Almighty fall upon him and his supporters.

 

Shaikh Abdul Haqq Muhaditth Dehlwi – may Allah be pleased with him – who is the Shaikhul Muhadditheen and a Prophetic mercy in the Indo-Pak subcontinent explains the final destination of Yazeed in his book Takmeelul Imaan by stating, “There are a few ‘Ulama who hesitate when it comes to the issue of Yazeed. Yet, others sometimes adopt extreme views on both sides of the argument. Some of them actually say that since he was accepted by the majority of people in his time, it was necessary upon Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – to accept his leadership. May Allah Almighty protect us from such an evil thought. The people of Madina Shareef clearly mentioned that this person was an open enemy of Allah Almighty. He was an alcoholic, someone who missed his Salaah, someone who always committed adultery and he never feared sleeping with females upon whom it was Haraam for him to sleep with. He continued to insult and injure the Ahle Bayt and one cannot ignore any of these things.

“One group has also mentioned that the murder of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – by Yazeed was a major sin because to kill another Muslim is a major sin but does not entitle one for continuous curse. It is tragic that someone would even say such a thing. Bear in mind that to insult the Ahle Bayt and the children of Sayyidah Fathima – may Allah be pleased with her – actually implies hurting and insulting Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. What will these people say in this regard? And what would their opinion be about Yazeed in this issue? Is it not true that to injure and insult Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is Kufr and a means of Kufr? Is this action not enough to make a person enter the Fire of Hell? This is clearly mentioned in verse 57 of Surah Al Ahzab. This is the reason that eminent Jurists of Islam such as Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal – may Allah be pleased with him – have cursed someone like Yazeed. Ibn Jouzi who was noted for his staunchness in the laws of Shari’ah has also recorded that many ‘Ulama have cursed Yazeed and also presented his deeds as proof.”

 

Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaditth Dehlwi – may Allah be pleased with him – goes further to say, “It is my opinion that Yazeed is a cursed person and a most despicable person. What he did, no one has ever committed such dastardly acts in Islam before. After murdering the blessed Ahle Bayt, this idiot actually attacked Madina Shareef with his army. He damaged a large part of Madina Shareef and killed many people in this blessed city. Many blessed Ashaab and Taba’een were also killed. Only Allah Almighty knows whether he made Taubah or not. May Allah Almighty protect us from all those who support such a person. May Allah Almighty include us among those who love and respect the Ahle Bayt and on the Day of Judgement, include us among those who love the Ahle Bayt.”

 

The opinion of Hafiz ibn Katheer on Yazeed

 

In the Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah, it is mentioned, “It is very famous that Yazeed was someone who liked sport and play and drinking alcohol. He used to like music and playing music, hunting and living with beardless youth and keeping dogs. He used to also organize bear fights, animal fights and fights among apes. There is not a day in which he was not intoxicated with alcohol. He used to also beautify these animals for sport and play. When any ape died, he was extremely saddened. One of the reasons for his death is also attributed to the fact that while picking up one of these monkeys, it bit him. The historians have also recorded other vices attributed to him.”

 

He was also someone who was controlled by his carnal desires

 

Most of the times Yazeed used to miss his Salaah. Sometimes he performed them only after the time had passed and sometimes never performed them at all. Hadrat Sayyiduna Ahmed bin Hanbal – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed Khudri – may Allah be pleased with him -, who reports that he heard Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – declare, “After the 60th year of Hijrah, such a person would be in control who would be unfit for this (position). He will destroy his Salaah, (meaning that he will ignore his Salaah). He will follow his carnal desires and very soon, he will be thrown in the valley of Ghay.”

 

Hafiz ibn Hajr in the Fathul Bari, which is the Sharah of the Sahih Bukhari Shareef, describing how this Ummah would be destroyed by some young men from the Quraish, writes that this indicates to the fact the first among these young men would be in the 60th year of Hijrah and this is what happened because Yazeed bin Mu’awiyah was a ruler in that period. Whatever has been revealed in this Hadith Shareef clearly indicates that the first among them will be Yazeed.

 

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that he heard from Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – who said, “’My ummah would be destroyed through a few young men from the Quraish.’ When he heard this, Marwan replied, ‘May the the curse of Allah Almighty be upon these young men.’ Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – replied, ‘If I wish, I can reveal that it is so and so and the son of so and so.’”

 

Important point:

 

There are certain A’immah who have restricted themselves for taking the name of Yazeed openly and cursing him. It does not mean that they not think that he was entitled to be cursed or that they considered his actions as noble. Every one of them considered him as someone worthy of curse. Some maintained that since he was someone who was established in being cursed, therefore, there was no reward taking his name since this would achieve nothing. In other words, they felt that since he was condemned, he was condemned. They felt that taking his name all the time was merely spoiling one’s tongue. They felt that instead of always cursing this idiot, it would be more valuable spending this time in sending salutations to Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – instead. In this manner, we will achieve the Divine Pleasure of Allah Almighty, the pleasure of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and also be able to present our gift in the blessed court of Imam Husain and the Ahle Bayt – may Allah be pleased with them –.

 

The last Hadith pertaining to the city of Constantinople has become so famous in the eyes of these people, that even the burning of the Ka’ba has become permissible in these people’s eyes. For these supporters of Yazeed, damaging the blessed city of Madina Shareef is permissible. In fact, they have a weird manner of thinking. Is is not seen in the Hadith Shareef that someone who reads the Fajr and ‘Isha is a Jannati? Does this then mean that when the person reads the Fajr and ‘Isha, he can now perform all types of vice? He can now drink alcohol as well? Is it not mentioned in the Hadith Shareef that a person who looks at his parents with love and respect is given the glad tidings of Jannah? Since he is a Jannati, does it now mean that he can kill his parents? We see that in the Hadith Shareef it is mentioned that when a person performs the Hajj, he returns sinless like the day he was born. Does it mean that now he can become a Murtad because he is sinless? Leave aside these statements, we see that in the Hadith Shareef it is mentioned that when a person reads “Laa ilaaha illal laahu,” he will enter Jannah. Does this now mean that there is no need for him to read “Muhammadur Rasooullah.” Or does it mean that now he has read the Kalima, he can now become a Qadiani? After all, did the Qadianis not read the first part of the Kalimah their entire lives? So does it mean they are people of Jannah? Certainly not! Those people who continue to support Yazeed should also look at the fact that by respecting him, they are completely ignoring the status and stature of the Ahle Bayt.

 

A few other points in regard to Yazeed

 

Even though, we have presented a lengthy explanation completing refuting the supporters of Yazeed, yet there are a few other points that has been brought to my attention which needs an answer.

 

The first point

 

There is no Hadith Shareef which describes the first sea voyage in which the name of Yazeed is mentioned. Imam Bukhari – may Allah be pleased with him – in his Taarike Kabeer has mentioned the names of 311 with the name “Yazeed” and had even described their lives in brief, however, he had not mentioned Yazeed bin Mu’awiyah. From this we come to realise that besides even considering him a person of Jannah, he did not even want to mention the name of Yazeed bin Mu’wiyah. At the same time, show us one prove from any eminent scholar in Islam who has mentioned the name of Yazeed in a respectful manner. At the same time, the area after the city of Constantinople was already conquered in the era of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him –. Does this mean that this city was specifically only left so that Yazeed could conquer it?

 

As we have already mentioned, according to Umdatul Qari, the first sea voyage was during the era of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman Ghani – may Allah be pleased with him -. If anything was performed in this regard by Yazeed, it was only completed in the 31st or 49th or the 50th year of Hijrah while the glad tidings of Jannah is only for the first voyage.

 

Another point which is presented by the supporters of Yazeed is that the army which will make Jihad in Constantinople will be pardoned. Consequently, Hadrat Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – did send a force under the command of Sufyan bin Auf and since there was someone in this army by the name of Yazeed, therefore he is also pardoned. Remember that there was also a brother of Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – whose name was also Yazeed. This is the person who was given bounty in abundance by Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – after the incident of Hawaazin.

 

Second point

 

If we accept that this glad tidings is for the first battle, there is no doubt that the battle in which Yazeed took part was certainly not the first battle. Yazeed took part in the 50th year of Hijrah. There is no doubt that long before this in the 42nd year of Hijrah, there was already an army from Madina Shareef which travelled to Constantinople and many armies also went after this as well. This has been mentioned by Ibn Khaldun and ibn Katheer.

 

Third point

 

If we accept that Yazeed did take part in this first army, yet we all know that when a person does not take part willingly, then his participation is considered as not acceptable.

 

In the Kamil of ibn Katheer, it is mentioned that when Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – did instruct Yazeed to join, he displayed immense laziness and unwillingness and did not come along. At the same time, when Yazeed came to know of the difficulties which were experienced by this army, he also mentioned a very few words of poetry which showed his unconcern. However, when Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him – heard about these words, he promised that he will sent Yazeed to this battle so that he can also experience the same difficulties.

 

 

Fourth point

 

Shah Wali’ullah Muhaddith Dehwli – may Allah be pleased with him – explains that taking part in Jihad wipes away all the previous sins and not the future sins. As for those crimes which were committed by Yazeed later on, there is no doubt that he is answerable for all of those in the Divine Court of Allah Almighty.

 

One can therefore not use a Hadith Shareef and say that because of this news, he is excluded from all punishment. There is no doubt that only those people would be pardoned who are fit to be pardoned as per this glad tiding. If someone becomes a Murtad after this battle, then he is certainly excluded from this group of those who will be pardoned. At the same time, there is ample historical proof that Yazeed did become guilty of major un-Islamic actions and behaviour and therefore, he is excluded from this glad tidings if in fact he actually went on this battle.

 

Ibn Jouzi also explains a very important Hadith Shareef in which Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has given dire warning to those who frighten the people of Madina Shareef that they are certainly people upon whom is the Divine Curse of Allah Almighty.

 

As for that which was committed during the days of Hurrah against the people of Madina Shareef, this was certainly committed after the incident of Constantinople, hence, it completely nullifies whatever reward a person may have received.

 

A famous misconception

 

As for that statement which is attributed to ibn Katheer in which he says that Yazeed was someone who had good qualities, the tragedy is that these people completely omit the rest of this statement.

 

The actual words of Ibn Katheer are, “Yazeed also had a few other qualities such as knowledge, power and eloquence, power of poetry, bravery in battle and a noted politician.” However, after explaining this, he further notes, “He was also some one noted for following carnal desires and sometimes never used to read Salaah and on most occasions used to read it after its time had elapsed.” (Al Bidaayah wa Nihaayah)

 

In other words, his evil qualities and habits far outweigh his good qualities. In fact Hafiz ibn Katheer also further explains a Hadith Shareef narrated by Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed Khudri – may Allah be pleased with him – in which the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated that after the 60th year of Hijrah such unqualified people will appear who will destroy their Salaah. They will follow their carnal desires and their destination will be “Ghay” which is a valley in Hell. By mentioning this Hadith Shareef, Hafiz ibn Katheer is clearly substantiating the view of the majority of scholars in condemning Yazeed. This valley is also to be found mentioned in Surah Hud.

 

If we look at the strict instructions given by Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – to those who he placed in power, we will come to realise his concern. Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Malik – may Allah be pleased with him -, in the Mu’watta Shareef, writes that, “Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – sent an instruction to his Governors and wrote that, ‘In my opinion, among your duties, one of the most important duty is to be punctual in Salaah. Those who fulfil it properly and are also steadfast in this regard, they are the one who will protect their religion. Those who destroy it, their relationship with Allah Almighty is certainly not properly established. Even their relationship with creation is not also based upon a proper foundation.’”

 

The world view on Yazeed

 

  1. Hadrat Moulana Mulla ‘Ali Qari – may Allah be pleased with him – writes, “There is a difference of opinion on the Kufr of Yazeed. There is one opinion that he is indeed a Kaafir. The reason is that he had committed such acts and deeds and mentioned such statements which clearly prove his Kufr. These would include such things as making alcohol Halaal for himself, etc. Perhaps this is one of the reasons that Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal – may Allah be pleased with him – has condemned him as a Kaafir because his words and action prove his Kufr.”

 

Allamah Sa’aadudeen Taftazaani – may Allah be pleased with him – writes, “There is no doubt that to curse Yazeed is permissible and it is something which is established. One of the reasons is that he was the one who gave instruction that Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – be murdered and everyone is unanimous in this regard. In other words, someone who had committed such a deed, or commanded such a deed or became happy with such a deed, there is no doubt that one is permitted to curse such a person.

 

“There is no doubt that Yazeed was happy with the murder of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him -. He was pleased and therefore, he completely disrespected the blessed family of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.

 

“In fact, we do not have any hesitation is cursing Yazeed and also have no hesitation in calling him a Kaafir and we also curse those who helped and assisted him. In the Haashiyah of this book, it is mentioned that, ‘Yazeed used to drink and there is also no doubt that Yazeed sent an army against Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him –. He had him murdered and also clearly disrespected the blessed family of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.’”

 

  1. Ibn Jouzi – may Allah be pleased with him – had also written a book about this person in which it is clearly proven that one should curse Yazeed and it also explains the Kufr of this person. The name of the book is, Al Radd ‘ala Muta’asib Al Aneed fi Jawaaz Al La’an ‘ala Yazeed. He is also clearly presented many testimony and evidence in this book which proves beyond a shadow of doubt that Yazeed is a cursed person and also a Kaafir.

 

  1. Allama Jalaaludeen Suyuti – may Allah be pleased with him – writes, “May Allah Almighty curse the killer of Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – including Yazeed and ibn Ziyad.”

 

  1. Muhaqqiq alal Itlaaq, Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlwi – may Allah be pleased with him – explaining the incident of Hurrah (where the armies of Yazeed attacked Madina Shareef), mentions about the Hadith Shareef in which the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – once said to Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Zarr Ghifaari – may Allah be pleased with him –, “O Abu Zarr, what will you do at that time when Madina will be coloured with blood, that there is no doubt that he is a person of Hell and he is a Kaafir.”

 

  1. Allama Syed Ameer ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – who had translated many books such as Minhaajul Hidaayah, Sharah Waqaayah, etc., in the Tafseer of Surah Hashr, the 18th chapter of the Holy Qur’an writes that, “Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – clearly knew that after him, the leaders of the Muslims would be Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman and Hadrat ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with them – in this sequence. He also knew that during the time of Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – there will be a group from the Bani Ummayyah who will create immense turmoil. He also knew that there will appear such people as Yazeed, Waleed and Hujjaj who will turn away from the Holy Qur’an and start to completely disrespect it. He also knew that these people will most certainly show immense disrespect for his Blessed Household and also oppress them. The actual Hadith clearly explains that one should love and revere Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – and the Ahle Bayt. And this is clearly necessary upon a true believer. By mentioning this, he has presented a clear cut rule and order. He also knew that people like Yazeed would be people who would be cursed until the Day of Judgement and that they will become guilty of oppressing the Ahle Bayt. This is also one of the reasons that after being fully aware of all this, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – refused to swear allegiance to him.” (Mawaahib Al Rahman)

 

  1. Allama Qadi Thanaaullah Panipati – may Allah be pleased with him – writes, “Ibn Jouzi mentions that once someone mentioned to Saleh bin Ahmed bin Hanbal – may Allah be pleased with him – that his blessed father has affection for Yazeed bin Mu’awiyah. However, the eminent scholar mentioned to his son, ‘O my son! That person who sincerely claims to love Allah Almighty, he should have immense love for cursing Yazeed as Allah Almighty has also displayed pleasure for cursing Yazeed.’ I then asked him where did Allah Almighty curse Yazeed and he mentioned the 22nd and 23rd verses in Surah Muhammad which is: ‘So do you portray that if you get governance, you would spread chaos in the land and sever your relations? It is these whom Allah has cursed, so He made them deaf to the Truth and blinded their eyes.’” (Tafseer Mazhari)

 

Yazeed was a person of Fasaad, he murdered without conscious and he did not hesitate to murder the blessed Ahle Bayt including the blessed grandson of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. At the same time, he also murdered openly in Madina Shareef.

 

After this, Qadi Thanaullah – may Allah be pleased with him – then presents the Tafseer of Surah Ebrahim. He states, “I maintain that the Banu Umayyah took advantage of Kufr until Abu Sufyan, Mu’awiyyah and Amar bin Al Aas – may Allah be pleased with them – became Muslims. After this Yazeed committed Kufr and he continued to commit this Kufr against the blessed family of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, thereby also committing Kufr against Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.”

 

  1. Allama Syed Mahmud Alusi – may Allah be pleased with him – in his masterpiece, Ruhul Ma’ani, explaining the 23rd verse of Surah Muhammad explains that, “I say and I believe that this is correct and based on the fact that Yazeed was someone who did not actually sincerely believe in the blessed Prophethood of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. In fact what proves this beyond a shadow of doubt are the acts which he committed during the time he was in power such as insulting the blessed precincts of the Haramain, committing excessive oppression and one of the greatest transgression and sin which he committed was against the blessed Ahle Bayt and had Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him – killed. The manner in which he displayed his immense hatred for the blessed family of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – clearly proves that he never truly accepted the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – (as a Prophet). All of these terrible deeds and actions of this person clearly indicate that we are certainly permitted to curse him. At the same time, neither did he or his supporters ever make Taubah for these actions and deeds and therefore, there will always be the Divine Curse of Allah Almighty on Yazeed, ibn Ziyad, ibn Sa’ad and their supporters.”

 

  1. Hadrat Sayyiduna Mujaddid ‘Alif Thani Sheikh Farouq Sirhindi – may Allah be pleased with him – explains, “The ignoramus Yazeed was not a blessed companion. There is no question in anyone’s mind about his disgraceful state. What this Kaafir committed is something which not even a Kaafir or even an English enemy has committed. As for a certain statement which is attributed to Mullah Jaami – may Allah be pleased with him – which questions this issue, there is no need to even discuss it. Yes, one is openly allowed to curse Yazeed and not Hadrat Ameer Mu’awiyah – may Allah be pleased with him –.” (Maktubaat Shareef)

 

  1. A’la Hadrat, Imam Ahle Sunnah, Imam Ahmed Raza explains, “There is absolute ‘Ijmah in the Ahle Sunnah wa Jamaah that Yazeed Paleed was a Faasiq, Faajir and was guilty of committing a major sin. In this regard, the Ahle Sunnah is unanimous. Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal – may Allah be pleased with him – and his followers have also mentioned that this person is a Kaafir and they also specifically mention his name when cursing him. To negate the sin and transgression of this person and to blame the eminent Imam, Imam Husain – may Allah be pleased with him -, is something which goes against the essentials beliefs of the Ahle Sunnah wa Jamaah. It is also misguidance and irreligious. As a matter of fact, for someone to think (good) of Yazeed cannot appear in the same heart which claims to love and revere the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. As for that person who supports this person, that person is cursed and also a great enemy of the Ahle Sunnah wa Jamaah. In fact, any word which praises Yazeed or his actions are nothing but words and actions which merely insults Sayyidah Fathima, Hadrat ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with them – and also the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –.”

 

  1. As far as Yazeed Paleed is concerned there are three view points among the Ahle Sunnah wa Jamaah. Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Ahmed bin Habal – may Allah be pleased with him – and those who support his view clearly consider this person a Kaafir and he will never be pardoned. Imam Ghazzali – may Allah be pleased with him – and some of his supporters are of the view that after facing immense punishment, as a Muslim, he will be finally pardoned. As for Imam A’zam – may Allah be pleased with him –, he had remained silent on this. In other words, he does not call him a Muslim nor a Kaafir. Hence, in this regard, we will also remain silent.

 

  1. Hadrat Moulana Na’eemudeen Muradabadi – may Allah be pleased with him – in his Kanzul Imaan has stated that, “Yazeed bin Mu’awiyah is that person who has established such a black mark on his forehead that people have cursed and condemned him in every century. In fact, his name and personality will be scorned until the Day of Judgement. Yazeed was an evil person, a person with a black heart. He was obese, ugly and a person who possessed numerous bad habits and committed plenty of evil. In fact, he was so disgraceful that it would actually make another person who is disgraceful embarrassed. In fact, this can be proven from the words of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Hamzalah – may Allah be pleased with him – who made it clear that the only reason that they decided to attack Yazeed was because they felt that if they did not do so, stones will rain upon them from the heavens. He was someone who married females he was not allowed to marry. He also openly allowed usury and certainly insulted and abused the sacred cities of Mecca Shareef and Madina Shareef and also had many of its citizens killed. The government of such a person was considered as the greatest tragedy of its era.” (Sawaaneh Karbala)

 

  1. Allama Qadi Shahaabudeen states, “There is no doubt that by this person slaughtering the Ahle Bayt, he caused immense insult and disrespect to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –. This act itself is already a reason enough to be cursed. There is also no doubt that Allah Almighty certainly showers His Divine mercy on those people who curse this person. At the same time, Allah Almighty has also clearly mentioned that those who cause hurt to Allah Almighty and His Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him –, upon this people is the Divine Curse of Allah Almighty and for them there is severe punishment.

 

“In fact, there is no doubt that the Ahle Sunnah wa Jamaah do not consider Yazeed as a someone who is a clear cut Muslim. In fact, for Imam A’zam – may Allah be pleased with him – to remain silent on an issue such as this clearly proves that even he had doubt in the Imaan of this person. Islamic law clearly states that when you are sure of something, you should give a clear verdict, but by Imam A’zam – may Allah be pleased with him – remaining silent on the question of the Imaan of Yazeed clearly means that we cannot clearly call Yazeed a Muslim. Such is the doubt in this person. Therefore, if someone calls him a Kaafir, there will be no blame on that person.”

 

Advertisements