Download PDF: Biography of Hazrat Idrees – peace be upon Him – A Quranic Story

His name is Ukhnoon.  He is the great grandfather of Hazrat Nooh – peace be upon Him.  He was the first Messenger (Rasool) after Hazrat Adam – peace be upon Him.  Hazrat Sheeth Ibn Adam – peace be upon Him – is his father.  He is the first person to write with pen.  He is the one who invented the art of sewing or stitching and wearing sewn or stitched clothes.  People before him used to wear animal skin.  He is first one to manufacture weapons, scale and established measurements, and the first to master the fields of astronomy and mathematics.  All of these originated from him.  Allah Almighty had revealed 30 books upon him and he used to teach Allah’s books very often, therefore his title became “Idrees” (from Dars i.e. teaching) and this title of his became so widely known and famous that most people are not aware of his original name.  His name “Idrees” is mentioned in the Holy Quran.

Allah Almighty raised him into the heavens.  It is mentioned in the Hadeeth of Buhari and Muslim that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon Him – saw Hazrat Idrees – peace be upon Him – on the fourth heaven.

It is narrated from Ka’b Ahbaar and some other sources as well, that once Hazrat Idrees – peace be upon Him – asked the angel of death, “I want to taste death and see how it feels, so capture my soul, please.”  The angel of death obeyed the command and then right after capturing his soul he returned it into his body, and he became alive, and then he requested him to show him the hell, so that Allah’s fear may instil more.  Hence, when this requested was fulfilled, looking at the hell he asked the gate-keeper of hell to open the gate and said, “I want to go through this entrance”, which was also fulfilled and he made it through, and then he requested the angel of death to show him paradise and he took him to paradise, and when the was opened for him and he entered inside, after a short while, the angel of death said to him, “Now you should return to your place.”  He responded, “I will not go anywhere from here.  Allah Almighty has stated:

کُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَآئِقَۃُ الْمَوْتِ ۟

Every soul is to taste death.

(Al-‘Ankaboot 29, Verse 57)

Which I have just tasted, and Allah Almighty has stated:

وَ اِنۡ مِّنۡکُمْ اِلَّا وَارِدُہَا

There is not one of you who may not pass over the Hell.

(Maryam 19, Verse 71)

And I have already passed that stage, and now, I have reached the paradise, and for those that enter into paradise Allah Almighty has stated about them:

وَّ مَا ہُمۡ مِّنْہَا بِمُخْرَجِیۡنَ ﴿۴۸﴾

nor shall they be driven out there from.

(Al-Hajar 15, Verse 48)

So why would you ask me to come out of paradise?”  Allah Almighty send Wahy to the angel of death that whatever Hazrat Idrees – peace be upon Him has done he has done so with my permission and he entered the paradise with my permission, so leave him.  He will stay in the paradise.

Hazrat Idrees – peace be upon Him – is in the heaven and he is alive.

(Khazain Al-‘Irfan p. 556-557)

 

The brief mention of Hazrat Idrees’ – peace be upon Him – ascension into the heaven and the bounties that were bestowed upon him is in the Surah Maryam of the Holy Quran:

وَاذْکُرْ فِی الْکِتٰبِ اِدْرِیۡسَ ۫ اِنَّہٗ کَانَ صِدِّیۡقًا نَّبِیًّا ﴿٭ۙ۵۶﴾

And remember Idrees in the Book, undoubtedly he was a man of truth, the Communicator of unseen news.
وَّرَفَعْنٰہُ مَکَانًا عَلِیًّا ﴿۵۷﴾

And We raised him up to a lofty building.
اُولٰۤئِکَ الَّذِیۡنَ اَنْعَمَ اللہُ عَلَیۡہِمۡ مِّنَ النَّبِیّٖنَ مِنۡ ذُرِّیَّۃِ اٰدَمَ ٭

These are they on whom Allah bestowed His blessings from amongst the communicators of unseen news, of the offspring of Adam.

(Maryam 19, Verse 56-58)

 

Lesson:

We learn from the incident of Hazrat Idrees – peace be upon Him – how great the honour and how excellent the bounties and blessings of Allah upon the Prophets are!  For this reason, it is obligatory upon every Muslim to honour the Prophets of Allah Almighty as their fundamental belief and to practice that belief in their actions and speech.

The repetition of mentioning their names again and again in the blessed verses of the Holy Quran and Hadeeth is a proof that to mentioned the names of those great Prophets and Messengers is a means of great blessings and virtues.

And Allah Almighty Knows Best!

(Ajaibul Quran p. 171-173)

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