Download PDF: Hadeeth No. 2 & Sharah (Mishkaat Al-Masabeeh) by Hazrat Mufti Ahmed Yaar Khan Na’eemi

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

CHAPTER No. 1

BOOK OF FAITH[1]

SECTION ONE

 عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ رَضِیَ اللّٰہُ عَنْہُ قَالَ: بَيْنَا نَحْنُ عِنْدَ رَسُوْلِ اللّٰہِ ﷺ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ اِذْ طَلَعَ عَلَيْنَا رَجُلٌ شَدِيْدُ بَيَاضِ الثِّيَابِ شَدِيْدُ سَوَادِ الشَّعْرِ لَا يُرَىٰ عَلَیْہِ اَثَرُ السَّفَرِ وَلَا يَعْرِفُہٗ مِنَّا اَحَدٌ حَتَّیٰ جَلَسَ اِلَیٰ النَّبِیِّ ﷺ فَاَسْنَدَ رُكْبَتَیْہِ اِلَیٰ رُكْبَتَیْہِ وَوَضَعَ كَفَّیْہِ عَلَیْہِ فَخِذَیْہِ وَقَالَ: یَا مُحَمَّدُ اَخۡبِرۡنِیۡ عَنِ الۡاِسۡلَامِ قَالَ الۡاِسۡلَامُ اَنۡ تَشۡھَدَ اَنۡ لَّآ اِلٰہَ اِلَّااللّٰہُ وَاَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَّسُوۡلُ اللّٰہِ وَتُقِیۡمَ الصَّلٰوۃَ وَتُؤۡتِی الزَّکوٰۃَ تَصُوۡمَ رَمَضَانَ تَحِجُّ الۡبَیۡتَ اِنِ اسۡتَطَعۡتَ اِلَیۡہِ سَبِیۡلاً قَالَ صَدَقۡتَ فَعَجِبۡنَا لَہٗ یَسۡأَلُہٗ وَیُصَدِّقُہٗ قَالَ فَاَخۡبِرۡنِیۡ عَنِ الۡاِیۡمَانِ قَالَ اَنۡ تُؤۡمِنَ بِاللّٰہِ وَمَلٰٓءِکَتِہٖ وَکُتُبِہٖ وَرُسُلِہٖ وَالۡیَوۡمِ الۡاٰخِرِوَتُؤۡمِنَ بِالۡقَدۡرِ خَیۡرِہٖ وَشَرِّہٖ قَالَ صَدَقۡتَ قَالَ فَاَخۡبِرۡنِیۡ عَنِ الۡاِحۡسَانِ قَالَ اَنۡ تَعۡبُدَاللّٰہَ کَاَنَّکَ تَرَاہُ فَاِنۡ لَّمۡ تَکُنۡ تَرَاہُ فَاِنَّہٗ یَرَاکَ قَالَ فَاَخۡبِرۡنِیۡ عَنۡ اَمَارَاتِھَا قَالَ اَنۡ تَلِدَالۡاَمَۃُرَبَّھَاوَاَنۡ تَرَی الۡحُفَاۃَالۡعُرَاۃَ الۡعَالَّۃَ رُعَاءَالشَّاءِ یَتَطَاوَلُوۡنَ فِیۡ الۡبُنۡیَانِ قَالَ ثُمَّ انۡطَلَقَ فَلَبِثۡتُ مَلِیَّاًثُمَّ قَالَ یَا عُمَرُاَتَدۡرِیۡ مَنِ السَّآءِلُ؟ قُلۡتُ اَللّٰہُ وَرَسُوۡلُہٗ اَعۡلَمُ قَالَ فَاِنَّہٗ جِبۡرَءِیۡلُ اَتَاکُمۡ یُعَلِّمُکُمۡ دِیۡنَکُمۡ رَوَاہُ الۡمُسۡلِمُ وَرَوَاہُ اَاَبُوۡ ھُرَیۡرَۃَ مَعَ اِخۡتِلَافٍ وَّفِیۡہِ وَاِذَارَاَیۡتَ الۡخُفَاۃَالۡعُرَاۃَالصُّمَّ البُکۡمَ مُلُوۡکَ الۡاَرۡضِ فِیۡ خَمۡسٍ لَّا یَعۡلَمُھُنَّ اِلَّااللّٰہُ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ اِنَّ اللّٰہَ عِنۡدَہٗ عِلۡمُ السَّاعَۃِوَیُنَزِّلُ الۡغَیۡثَ ۔اَلۡاٰیَۃُ۔ مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَیۡہِ

Hadeeth # 2:- Hazrat Umar, son of Khattaab (may Allah be pleased with Him) is reported to have said: We were seated with the holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) one day, when suddenly a man appeared before us [2].  His clothes were extremely white and the hair immensely black [3].  No sign of traveling were visible on his person and none of us seemed to know him [4].  At last, he sat down so close in front of the holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) that his knees touched the knees of the Holy Prophet[5] (peace be upon Him) and he laid the palms of his hands upon his knees[6], and said: “O Muhammad, instruct me in Islam[7].”  The Prophet (peace be upon Him) replied, “Islam is that you bear testimony that there is none worthy of worship but Allah, and that Muhammad (peace be upon Him) is the Messenger of Allah [8], and be steadfast in prayer, give Zakaat, observe the fasts of Ramadan and make Pilgrimage to Ka’bah (Mu’azzamah) if you are capable of going there [9].  The man said, “You have spoken the truth.”  Upon which we wondered that firstly he seeks instruction from the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) and then (on top of that) tells Him that He had spoken the truth [10].  Then the man said, “Instruct me in Imaan (faith).”  The Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) replied, “It is to believe in Allah and in the Angels and the Books revealed by Him and in His Apostles, and in the day of resurrection [11], and that both good and evil of the destiny are by His will [12].”  The man said, “You have spoken the truth.”  He then said, “Inform me of the virtue [13].”  The Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) replied, “It is that you worship Allah as if you see Him[14], for though you may not see Him, then (at least) know, that He is seeing you[15].”  The man then said, “Instruct me concerning the last day [16].”  The Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) said, “I am no wiser than the questioner himself [17].”  The man said, “Then tell me of its portents [18].”  The Prophet (peace be upon Him) replied, “When a female shall give birth to her master [19], and when you shall see the bare-feet and naked beggars and shepherds behaving arrogantly over the possession of fine houses [20].”  Hazrat Umar (whom Allah is pleased with) said, thereupon the man departed and I remained sitting for a while afterwards, when the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) said to me, “O Umar, do you know who the questioner was?”  I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know best [21].”  The Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) said, Verily it was Jibra’eel (Gabriel, peace be upon Him); he came to you to instruct you in your faith [22].”  This Hadeeth is related by Muslim as having being narrated from Umar (whom Allah is pleased with).  Hazrat Abu Hurairah (whom Allah is pleased with) has narrated it with the following variation:

“When you shall see the nakedness of body and foot, the deaf and dumb (the ignorant) become lords of the earth.  The knowledge of the last day is among the five things which are not known to any but Allah.”  Then the Prophet (peace be upon Him) recited a verse from the Quran: ‘Undoubtedly, with Allah is the knowledge of the Hour, and He sends down rain and knows what is in the wombs of the mothers and no soul knows what it will earn tomorrow and no soul knows in what land it will die. Undoubtedly, Allah is the Knower, All Aware [23].”(Luqman 31, verse 34)

(Bukhari and Muslim agreed upon this Hadeeth)

Footnotes:

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[1] Imaan (faith) literally means “to provide peace”.  In Shariah terminology, Imaan is the name of the Islamic beliefs by accepting which, one gains protection from Allah’s punishment.  It includes all the articles of faith that our beloved Prophet (peace be upon Him) brought from Allah.  Since, Imaan merely means “to believe and affirm”, thus, to measure the Imaan is impossible, though the increase and decrease in its state is possible.  Since, it’s the root of all the prayers, therefore ranks first to be mentioned.

[2] It was Hazrat Jibra’eel (Gabriel, peace be upon Him) who appeared in human-form, as he went to Hazrat Maryam (Mary, may Allah be pleased with Her) in the appearance of a man.  Angels are made of light and can form different shapes while Jinns are made of fire and can take many different forms, but their soul remains the same; therefore it is not “shifting of the soul”.

[3] He was not a traveller; otherwise his hair and clothes would have been dusty.  Beware, that Hazrat Jibra’eel’s (Gabriel, peace be upon Him) black hair and white garb were in compliance with humanly figure, or else, He is Noor, regardless of His black hair and white clothes.  The angels, Haroot and Maroot, used to eat and drink while in humanly form, they could even exercise intimacy.  The stick of Hazrat Moosa (Moses, peace be upon Him) had swallowed everything while in the shape of a snake, in the same manner, eating, drinking, marriage etc. of our Master (peace be upon Him), the humanly image of the embodiment of light, were the effects of humanly code of conduct.  His luminous effects were unfolded when he spent a lengthy time without eating or drinking.  It’s the outcome of His luminous embodiment that Hazrat ‘Isa (Jesus, peace be upon Him) is still residing in the sky for hundreds of years without food or water.

[4] He was not a citizen of the Madinah Munawwarah otherwise we would have recognized him, but the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) recognized him very well, as it is apparent from the previous context.

[5] He sat very close to the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him); it seemed as if He already had recognized Hazrat Jibra’eel (peace be upon Him), or else, he would have inquired as to whom he was and why was he sitting so close to him in such a way.

[6] Visitors of the Holy Prophet’s (peace be upon Him) grave, nowadays stand and recite the salutations in the same manner as the one who performs Salah reads Al-Tahiyyaat sitting in Salah.  It’s the root of observing respect, for this is Hadeeth.  Hazrat Jibra’eel (peace be upon Him) has taught and proved to the Muslims of all generations the respect, that sitting or standing in respect of the holy court of the Prophet (peace be upon Him) is not forbidden, but yes, the Rukoo’ and Sajdah are forbidden.

[7] Sometimes Islam means Imaan and seldom it is meant Islamic practices, and the name of its inner beliefs is Imaan (faith) here, it is used in the sense of apparently testifying (giving Shahaadah) and Islamic practices.  Behold, that it is now forbidden to call the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) by just saying “O Muhammad!”  Allah Almighty states:

لَا تَجْعَلُوۡا دُعَآءَ الرَّسُوۡلِ بَیۡنَکُمْ کَدُعَآءِ بَعْضِکُمۡ بَعْضًا ؕ قَدْ یَعْلَمُ اللہُ الَّذِیۡنَ یَتَسَلَّلُوۡنَ مِنۡکُمْ لِوَاذًا ۚ فَلْیَحْذَرِ الَّذِیۡنَ یُخَالِفُوۡنَ عَنْ اَمْرِہٖۤ اَنۡ تُصِیۡبَہُمْ فِتْنَۃٌ اَوْ یُصِیۡبَہُمْ عَذَابٌ اَلِیۡمٌ

Make not the summoning of the Messenger among yourselves, like one calls the other among you. Undoubtedly, Allah knows those of you who slip away quietly taking shelter of any excuse; therefore let those who do against the command of the Messenger fear lest some trial befall them or a painful torment overtake them.

(Surah Noor 24, Verse 63)

This incident might have, most probably, occurred prior to the revelation of this verse or the angels are excluded from (following the command mentioned in) this verse.

(Mirqatul Mafateeh)

[8] The meaning of Kalimah recitation includes all the knowledge of beliefs; like, it has been established that the recitation of Alhamdulillah (Surah Fatiha) is obligatory in Salah, it means the entire Surah Fatiha; thus making this Hadeeth a point of argument that it cannot be proven that all the so-called Islamic sects such as; Chakralwi, Mirzai etc. are Muslims, for they have gone astray from Islamic beliefs.

[9] Though apparently this conversation was with Hazrat Jibra’eel but in fact, the Muslim humans are addressed by it, since the Salah, fasting, pilgrimage etc. are not compulsory upon the angels; as Allah Almighty states:

عَلَی النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَیۡتِ

The people are to perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to this House.

(Aale Imran 3, verse 97)

Note:    These actions are not the division of Islam that, if one were to miss them, will become a disbeliever.  Although the one who does not practice these actions still remains a Muslim, but not a complete one.

[10] Because to ask is the sign of unawareness while to verify is the sign of awareness.  This points out that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) had the knowledge of all the previous books, for Allah Almighty has declared:

مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا مَعَکُمۡ

“Confirming the book with you.”

(Nisaa 4, verse 47)

[11] The objective of اَلۡاِیۡمَان is the Islamic definition of faith and the objective of اَنۡ تُؤۡمِنَ is the literal meaning of faith i.e. to believe, thus it’s not “defining something by its divisions (Ta’reefush Shai beqismihi)” nor “repeating itself (Daur)”.   It’s satisfactory to have abstract faith in all the angels, Prophets, books, yet it’s rather compulsory to have detailed faith in the Quran and the bearer of Quran (The Holy Prophet – peace be upon Him).

[12] Everything that we do, be it good or evil, is already within Allah’s knowledge which has been inscripted, this is what is meant by “Allah’s will.”  Destiny is of two types, inevitable and pending.  Inevitable does not accept changes while the pending one can be changed by prayers and Du’as etc.  Iblees’ age lengthened by the virtue of his Du’as,

فَاِنَّکَ مِنَ الْمُنۡظَرِیۡنَ

You are among those who are given time.

(Al-Hajar 15, verse 37)

The life span of Hazrat Dawood (David, peace be upon Him) increased by up to 100 years from sixty, by the du’a of Hazrat Adam (peace be upon Him).  You should observe the entire chapter on destiny in the third volume of my book Tafseere Na’eemi.

[13] The objective of اِحۡسَان in Allah’s words:

لِلَّذِیۡنَ اَحْسَنُوا الْحُسْنٰی

For the good-doers there is good

(Yunus 10, verse 26)

is “sincerity in Islamic deeds”.

[14] That if you look for Allah your heart would elevate with Allah’s fear and you would take control of your actions.  One should continue practicing the Islamic deeds with fear and whole-heartedly in this manner.

[15] Your Lord is always watching you, but let this sink in your heart, especially when you are in Salah, then, Allah willing, it will reform your prayers and create humbleness within your heart which shall bring forth the pearls of tears in your eyes.  May Allah fulfil this wish of ours, Ameen!

[16] On which day, which month and which year will it occur?  It appears that Hazrat Jibra’eel (peace be upon Him) believes that Allah Almighty has blessed the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) with the knowledge of Qiyamah (the last day) because the question is posed to the one who possesses the knowledge, not because Hazrat Jibra’eel had the intention of challenging or humiliating Him, but the main motive was that though He had the knowledge of Qiyamah He did not want to show off.  One should bear in mind that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) had clearly stated on different occasions the day, time and date; on Friday, 10th of Muharram (in regards to the occurrence of the Day of Qiyamah).

[17] It’s not absence of knowledge, otherwise He would have said, “I don’t know,” but its rather the negation of excessive knowledge i.e. “I do not know more about it than you do,” meaning, “It’s the gathering of people, Jibra’eel, and the knowledge of Qiyamah is from amongst Allah’s secrets, then why do you urge me to unveil it?!”  The truth is that Allah Almighty granted Him the knowledge of Qiyamah also (Tafseer Saawi) which is why Hazrat Jibra’eel posed this question to Him.   Detailed research on this issue is in my book “Ja-al Haq” vol. 1.

[18] Which means, that if letting out the news of Qiyamah goes against your wisdom then at least, give a clue.  This question unfolds that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) did possess the knowledge of Qiyamah, because the signs (of something) are always asked from an expert.

[19] Meaning, that the children will be disrespectful and the son will treat the mother like one treats his slave, as if the mother gave birth to her master.  It also has some other explanations.

[20] There will be a revolution that the poor will become rich and respected and the respected personalities will be disgraced, as it is seen today.  Hazrat Sikandar Zul Qarnain had passed the law that no one can leave their traditional occupation, so that the world-order remains in peace. (Ash’atul Lam’aat)

From this, we come to know that leaving one’s ancestral occupation and seeking a higher one is a sign of Qiyamah and a cause of destruction for the world-order.

[21] It’s the manner of the companions of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) to put Allah and His Messenger in charge of knowledge.  Two points emerge out of this; one, that adding the name of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him with Allah’s name) is not polytheism, it’s actually Sunnah of His beloved Companions.  There is no harm in making statements; such as, Allah and His Messenger know best, Allah and Rasool bless you, Allah and Rasool may succeed you etc.  Secondly, because He knew that the questioner was Hazrat Jibra’eel (peace be upon Him).

[22] He came here so that he may ask me those questions in your presence so you may learn your religion.  It also points out that it’s compulsory upon Muslims to follow the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) and not Hazrat Jibra’eel (peace be upon Him).  Did you notice that Hazrat Jibra’eel himself did not proclaim among the people presented there, e.g. “O people, I am Jibra’eel.  You should learn certain things from me. A, B, C etc.”, but he rather made the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) authenticate it for them.  Jibra’eel means “Allah’s servant”; Jibr means servant and Eel means Allah in Hebrew language.

[23] Five things that nobody besides Allah has its knowledge, are:

1) Destiny (Taqdeer)?

2) When it will rain?

3) What is in the womb of a mother?

4) What one will one do tomorrow, and

5) Where will one die?

It indicates the last verse of Surah Luqman.  The verse and Hadeeth do not mean that the knowledge of the said five is not given to anyone at all. The Angel who writes the destiny, and the Angel of death have been bestowed with such knowledge.  Our beloved Prophet (peace be upon Him) had already drawn the lines and maps of the death spots of disbelievers even before the battle began.  What the Hadeeth actually means is that, nobody can guess or apprehend and calculate these five secrets, but only revelation can unveil them.