اِنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ اَجْرَمُوۡا کَانُوۡا مِنَ الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا یَضْحَکُوۡنَ ﴿۫ۖ۲۹﴾

Indeed the guilty used to laugh at the believers.


 وَ اِذَا مَرُّوۡا بِہِمْ یَتَغَامَزُوۡنَ ﴿۫ۖ۳۰﴾

  And when the believers used to pass by, they used to gesture at each other with their eyes.


 وَ اِذَا انۡقَلَبُوۡۤا اِلٰۤی اَہۡلِہِمُ انۡقَلَبُوۡا فَکِہِیۡنَ ﴿۫ۖ۳۱﴾

  And whilst returning to their homes, they used to return rejoicing.


 وَ اِذَا رَاَوۡہُمْ قَالُوۡۤا اِنَّ ہٰۤؤُلَآءِ لَضَآلُّوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۳۲﴾

  And when they see Muslims. they say, ‘undoubtedly, they are the strayed ones’.


 وَ مَاۤ اُرْسِلُوۡا عَلَیۡہِمْ حٰفِظِیۡنَ ﴿ؕ۳۳﴾

  And they were not sent as keepers over them.


 فَالْیَوْمَ الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا مِنَ الْکُفَّارِ یَضْحَکُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۳۴﴾

  And they were not sent as keepers over them.


عَلَی الْاَرَآئِکِ ۙ یَنۡظُرُوۡنَ ﴿ؕ۳۵﴾

  They look seated on thrones.


ہَلْ ثُوِّبَ الْکُفَّارُ مَا کَانُوۡا یَفْعَلُوۡنَ ﴿٪۳۶﴾

  How the infidels have been recompensed of their doings?

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

(إِنَّ الَّذِينَ أَجْرَمُوا) وَصَفَ أَرْوَاحَ الْكُفَّارِ فِي الدُّنْيَا مَعَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ بِاسْتِهْزَائِهِمْ بِهِمْ وَالْمُرَادُ رُؤَسَاءُ قُرَيْشٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الشِّرْكِ.

رَوَى نَاسٌ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ: هُوَ الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ الْمُغِيرَةِ، وَعُقْبَةُ بْنُ أَبِي مُعَيْطٍ، وَالْعَاصُ بْنُ وَائِلٍ، وَالْأَسْوَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ يَغُوثَ، والعاص ابن هِشَامٍ، وَأَبُو جَهْلٍ، وَالنَّضْرُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ

وَأُولَئِكَ (كانُوا مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا) مِنْ أَصْحَابِ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مِثْلَ عَمَّارٍ، وَخَبَّابٍ وَصُهَيْبٍ وَبِلَالٍ (يَضْحَكُونَ) عَلَى وَجْهِ السُّخْرِيَةِ.

It’s the description of the souls of disbelievers for the way they used to ridicule the believers in the world and its objective is the dignitaries of Quraish amongst the polytheists.

A people reported from Sayyiduna ibn ‘Abbas’ commentary:  i.e. it is Waleed ibn Mugheerah, ‘Uqabah ibn Abi Mu’eet, ‘Aas ibn Waa’il, Aswad ibn ‘Abd Yaghooth, ‘Aas ibn Hisham, Abu jahl, Nadhr ibn Harith.

These were the people who used to ridicule the believers i.e. the companions of Sayyiduna Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him; such as, Sayyiduna ‘Ammar, Khabbab, Suhaib and Bilal – may Allah be pleased with them.

وَإِذا مَرُّوا بِهِمْ عِنْدَ إِتْيَانِهِمْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ (يَتَغامَزُونَ)  يَغْمِزُ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا، وَيُشِيرُونَ بِأَعْيُنِهِمْ.

وَقِيلَ: أَيْ يُعَيِّرُونَهُمْ بِالْإِسْلَامِ وَيَعِيبُونَهُمْ بِهِ

قَالَ مُقَاتِلٌ: نَزَلَتْ فِي عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ جَاءَ فِي نَفَرٍ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَلَمَزَهُمُ الْمُنَافِقُونَ، وَضَحِكُوا عَلَيْهِمْ وَتَغَامَزُوا.

Whenever the believers passed by them on their way to visit the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him, they used to wink at each other and hint with their eyes.

It is also said that they used to make them feel bad on account of Islam and wrongly criticize them.

Sayyiduna Muqatil – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  It was revealed about Sayyiduna Ali ibn Abi Talib – may Allah be pleased with him.  He came with the group of Muslims to visit the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – so the hypocrites ridiculed him and laughed at him by winking at each other.

 (وَإِذا رَأَوْهُمْ) أَيْ إِذَا رَأَى هَؤُلَاءِ الْكُفَّارُ أَصْحَابَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ (قالُوا إِنَّ هؤُلاءِ لَضالُّونَ) فِي اتِّبَاعِهِمْ مُحَمَّدًا صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

Whenever these infidels saw the companions of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – they used to say that these people are gone astray by following into the footsteps of Sayyiduna Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him.

 (فَالْيَوْمَ) يَعْنِي هَذَا الْيَوْمَ الَّذِي هُوَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ (الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا) بِمُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ (مِنَ الْكُفَّارِ يَضْحَكُونَ) كَمَا ضَحِكَ الْكُفَّارُ مِنْهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا.

 وَذَكَرَ ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ فِي قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى: فَالْيَوْمَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنَ الْكُفَّارِ يَضْحَكُونَ قَالَ: ذُكِرَ لَنَا أَنَّ كَعْبًا كَانَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ بَيْنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَالنَّارِ كُوًى، فَإِذَا أَرَادَ الْمُؤْمِنُ أَنْ يَنْظُرَ إِلَى عَدُوٍّ كَانَ لَهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا اطَّلَعَ مِنْ بَعْضِ الْكُوَى

So today is the day i.e. the Day of Judgment that the believers in the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – will laugh at the infidels as they had ridiculed them in the world.

Sayyiduna Ibn Mubarak – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated from Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with him – concerning the commentary of this verse:  We have been told that Sayyiduna Ka’b – may Allah be pleased with him – used to say that there is a window between the heaven and hell.  When a believer will wish to see someone who was his enemy in the world, he will look through this window.

وَذَكَرَ ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ أَيْضًا: أَخْبَرَنَا الْكَلْبِيُّ عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ فِي قَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى:

اللَّهُ يَسْتَهْزِئُ بِهِمْ [البقرة: 15]

قَالَ: يُقَالُ لِأَهْلِ النَّارِ وَهُمْ فِي النَّارِ: اخْرُجُوا، فَتُفْتَحُ لَهُمْ أَبْوَابُ النَّارِ، فَإِذَا رَأَوْهَا قَدْ فُتِحَتْ أَقْبَلُوا إِلَيْهَا يُرِيدُونَ الْخُرُوجَ، وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَيْهِمْ عَلَى الْأَرَائِكِ، فَإِذَا انْتَهَوْا إِلَى أَبْوَابِهَا غُلِّقَتْ دُونَهُمْ۔۔۔ وَيَضْحَكُ مِنْهُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ حِينَ غُلِّقَتْ دُونَهُمْ فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى: فَالْيَوْمَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنَ الْكُفَّارِ يَضْحَكُونَ.

Sayyiduna Ibn Mubarak – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – also mentioned:  Kalbi narrated to us from Abi Saleh concerning the following statement of Allah Almighty:

اللَّهُ يَسْتَهْزِئُ بِهِمْ [البقرة: 15]

Allah mocks at them (Befitting His Dignity).

(Al-Baqarah 2, Verse 15)

The residents of hell will be commanded to come out and the doors of hell will be opened for them.  When they will see it opening, they will reach for it wanting to escape while the believers will be watching them from the thrones.  As soon as they reach the doors it be shut on them.  The believers will laugh at them when it will be shut on them, hence this statement of Allah Almighty (S83, V34).

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{إِنَّ الَّذِينَ أَجْرَمُوا} كَأَبِي جَهْل وَنَحْوه {كَانُوا مِنْ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا} كَعَمَّارٍ وَبِلَال وَنَحْوهمَا {يَضْحَكُونَ} استهزاء بهم

Verily the guilty, like Abu Jahl and his likes, used to laugh at the believers, such as Sayyiduna Ammar and Sayyiduna Bilal – may Allah be pleased with them – and those like them, in mockery of them;

{وَإِذَا مَرُّوا} أَيْ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ {بِهِمْ يَتَغَامَزُونَ} يُشِير الْمُجْرِمُونَ إِلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ بِالْجَفْنِ وَالْحَاجِب اِسْتِهْزَاء

And when they, the believers, passed them by, they would wink at one another, the guilty beckoned with their eyebrows and eyelids towards the believers in mockery; 

{وإذا انقلبوا} رجعوا {إلى أهلهم انقلبوا فاكهين} مُعْجَبِينَ بِذِكْرِهِمْ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

And when they returned to their folks they would return merrily, rejoicing in their [disparaging] mention of the believers;

{وَإِذَا رَأَوْهُمْ} أَيْ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ {قَالُوا إِنَّ هَؤُلَاءِ لَضَالُّونَ} لِإِيمَانِهِمْ بِمُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

And when they see them i.e. the believers, they say, ‘Lo! these [men] are astray!’, on account of their Iman in Sayyiduna Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him.

{وَمَا أُرْسِلُوا} أَيْ الْكُفَّار {عَلَيْهِمْ} عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ {حَافِظِينَ} لَهُمْ أَوْ لِأَعْمَالِهِمْ حَتَّى يُدْرُوهُمْ إِلَى مصالحهم

Yet they i.e. the disbelievers, were not sent as watchers over them, [over] the believers, to preserve them or [to keep a record of] their deeds and thus guide them back to what is best for them.

{فَالْيَوْم} أَيْ يَوْم الْقِيَامَة {الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْ الكفار يضحكون}

So today, that is, the Day of Resurrection, the believers will be laughing at the disbelievers, 

{عَلَى الْأَرَائِك} فِي الْجَنَّة {يَنْظُرُونَ} مِنْ مَنَازِلهمْ إِلَى الْكُفَّار وَهُمْ يُعَذَّبُونَ فَيَضْحَكُونَ مِنْهُمْ كَمَا ضَحِكَ الْكُفَّار مِنْهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا

Upon couches, in Paradise, gazing, out from their dwellings at the disbelievers while they are being tortured; and they will laugh at them just as they, the disbelievers, had laughed at them in the world.

{هَلْ ثُوِّبَ} جُوزِيَ {الْكُفَّار مَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ} نعم

Have the disbelievers been requited for what they used to do? Yes, indeed!

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

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