اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ الَّذِيْ تَلَطَّفَ بِعِبَادِهٖ فَتَعَبَّدَهُمْ بِالَّنَظَافَةِ وَأفَاضَ عَلٰى قُلُوْبِهِمْ تَزْكِيَةً لِسَرَائِرِهِمْ أنْوَارَهٗ وَألْطَافَهٗ وَأعَدَّ لِظَوَاهِرِهِمْ تَطْهِيْراً لَّهَا الْمَاءَ الْمَخْصُوْصَ بِالرِّقَّةِ وَاللَّطَافَةِ وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَیِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ الْمُسْتَغْرِقِ بِنُوْرِ الْهُدٰى أطْرَافَ الْعَالَمِ وَأكْنَافَهٗ وَعَلٰى آلِهٖ الطَّيِّبِيْنَ الطَّاهِرِيْنَ صَلَاة ًتُنَجِّيْنَا بَرَكَاتُهَا يَوْمَ الْمَخَافَةِ وَتَنْتَصِبُ جَنَّةً بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ كُلِّ آفَةٍ

All Praise due to Allah Who has shown kindness towards His servants and thus endued them with cleanliness; who for the purification of their inward thoughts has made His light and grace to flow into their hearts; and for the washing of their bodies, has given them water smooth and soft. And may the blessings of Allah be upon Sayyiduna Muhammad, who has encompassed the entire world from one end to another with the light of guidance, as well as upon his noble and righteous family – the blessing of which will be a salvation for us or the day of resurrection, and a fortification between us and every affliction.

اَشْھَدُ اَنْ لَّاۤ اِلٰہَ اِلَّااللّٰہُ وَحْدَہٗ لَا شَرِیْکَ لَہٗ وَاَشْھَدُ اَنَّ سَیِّدَنَا مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُہٗ وَرَسُوْلُہٗ بِالْھُدٰی وَدِیْنِ الْحَقِّ اَرْسَلَہٗ

I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship besides Allah the only one who has no partner, and I testify that our master Mohammad is his slave and messenger whom he has sent with the true religion and guidance.

یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡۤا اَطِیۡعُوا اللہَ وَاَطِیۡعُوا الرَّسُوۡلَ وَ اُولِی الۡاَمْرِ مِنۡکُمْ ۚ

‘O believers! obey Allah and obey the messenger, and those who have power of command amongst you.

(Al-Nisa 4, Verse 59)

یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللہَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِہٖ وَلَا تَمُوۡتُنَّ اِلَّا وَاَنۡتُمۡ مُّسْلِمُوۡنَ﴿۱۰۲﴾

‘O believers! Fear Allah as rightly He is to be feared, and do not die ever save as Muslims.

(Aale Imran 3, Verse 102)

قَالَ اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی فِیْ الْقُرْاٰنِ الْمَجِیْدِ:

فِیۡہِ رِجَالٌ یُّحِبُّوۡنَ اَنۡ یَّتَطَہَّرُوۡا ؕ وَاللہُ یُحِبُّ الْمُطَّہِّرِیۡنَ ﴿۱۰۸﴾

Allah Almighty states in the Holy Quran:

  Therein are those who desire to be well purified and Allah loves the pure.

 (Al-Taubah 9, Verse 108)

قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللَّهِ  صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ  ‏‏ يَا مَعْشَرَ الأَنْصَارِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ أَثْنَى عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الطُّهُورِ فَمَا طُهُورُكُمْ ‏‏‏ قَالُوا نَتَوَضَّأُ لِلصَّلاَةِ وَنَغْتَسِلُ مِنَ الْجَنَابَةِ وَنَسْتَنْجِي بِالْمَاءِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏‏ هُوَ ذَلِكَ فَعَلَيْكُمُوهُ

‘O Ansar! Allah has praised you for your cleanliness. What is the nature of your cleanliness?’ They said: ‘We make Wudhu for Salah and take bath to cleanse ourselves of impurity due to sexual activity, and we clean ourselves with water (after urinating). He said: ‘This is it, so adhere to it.'”

(Qurtubi, Ibn Majah)

اِنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَرَّ عَلَى قَبْرَيْنِ فَقَالَ: إِنَّهُمَا لَيُعَذَّبَانِ وَمَا يُعَذَّبَانِ فِي كَبِيرٍ أَمَّا أحد هما فَكَانَ يَمْشِي بِالنَّمِيمَةِ وَأَمَّا الْآخَرُ فَكَانَ لَا يَسْتَتِرُ مِنْ بَوْلِهِ.

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – passed by two graves and said:  Indeed these two are being tormented and it is not due to something major but one of them used to carry tales and the other never used to guard himself against the splashes of his urine.

(Qurtubi, Bukhari, Muslim)

قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللَّهِ  صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ:

اِنَّ اَفْوَاھَکُمْ طُرُقُ الْقُرْاٰنِ فَطَیِّبُوْھَا بِالسِّوَاکِ

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated: 

Indeed your mouths are the passages of Quran-recitation, so cleanse them by brushing (with Miswak).

(Ihya Vol. 1, Hilyat al-Awliya, Al-Tamheed)

قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللّٰہِ صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ:

بُنِىَ الدِّيْنُ عَلَى النَّظَافَةِ

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:

Islam has been founded upon cleanliness.

(Ihya Vol. 1)

قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللّٰہِ صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ:

اَلطَّهُورُ نِصْفُ الْإِيمَانِ

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:

Purification is one half of Iman.

(Ihya Vol. 1)

أَنَّ أَهَمَّ الْأُمُورِ تَطْهِيرُ السَّرَائِرِ إِذْ يَبْعُدُ أَنْ يَكُونَ الْمُرَادُ بِقَوْلِهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الطَّهُورُ نِصْفُ الْإِيمَانِ عِمَارَةُ الظَّاهِرِ بِالتَّنْظِيفِ بِإِفَاضَةِ الْمَاءِ وَإِلْقَائِهِ وَتَخْرِيبِ الْبَاطِنِ وَإِبْقَائِهِ مَشْحُونًا بِالْأَخْبَاثِ وَالْأَقْذَارِ هَيْهَاتَ

Those who possess insight awoke to the fact that the most important thing is the purification of the heart, because, it is very unlikely that the words of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him, “Purification is one half of Iman” meant that men should polish and clean the body with a generous use of water and to neglect the heart and leave it stuffed with impurities and filth.

وَالطِّهَارَةُ لَهَا أَرْبَعُ مَرَاتِبَ

الْمَرْتَبَةُ الْأُولٰى تَطْهِيرُ الظَّاهِرِ عَنِ الْأَحْدَاثِ وَعَنِ الْأَخْبَاثِ وَالْفُضَلَاتِ

الْمَرْتَبَةُ الثَّانِيَةُ تَطْهِيرُ الْجَوَارِحِ عَنِ الْجَرَائِمِ وَالْآثَامِ

الْمَرْتَبَةُ الثَّالِثَةُ تَطْهِيرُ الْقَلْبِ عَنِ الْأَخْلَاقِ الْمَذْمُومَةِ وَالرَّذَائِلِ الْمَمْقُوتَةِ

الْمَرْتَبَةُ الرَّابِعَةُ تَطْهِيرُ السِّرِّ عَمَّا سِوَى اللهِ تَعَالٰى وَهِيَ طَهَارَةُ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ صَلَوَاتُ اللهِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَالصِّدِّيْقِيْنَ

Purity has four stages:

  1. The first stage is the purification of the body from excrements, impurities, and bodily growths, and discharges.
  2. The second stage is the purification of the bodily senses from crimes and sins.
  3. The third stage is the purification of the heart from blameworthy traits and reprehensible vices.
  4. The fourth stage is the purification of the inner self from everything other than Allah. This last stage is that of the Prophets – peace be upon them – and saints.

اَللّٰھُمَّ طَھِّرْ قُلُوْبَنَا مِنْ حُبِّ الدُّنْیَا وَالشَّھَوَاتِ

O Allah, cleanse our hearts of worldly love and fancies.

اَللّٰھُمَّ ارْزُقْنَا الْخَاتِمَۃَ عَلَی الْاِیْمَانِ

O Allah, make our end upon Iman.

اَسْتَغْفِرُ اللّٰہِ لِیْ وَلَکُمْ، وَلِسَآئِرِ الْمُؤْمِنِیْنَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ،  اِنَّہٗ ھُوْ الْغَفُوْرٌ  الرَّحِیْمُ

I seek Allah’s forgiveness for me, for you and for all the Muslim males and females.  Verily, He is All-forgiving, the Merciful.

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