یَوْمَ تُبْلَی السَّرَآئِرُ ۙ﴿۹﴾

  The day when the secrets shall be tested.


 فَمَا لَہٗ مِنۡ قُوَّۃٍ وَّ لَا نَاصِرٍ ﴿ؕ۱۰﴾

  Then man shall have no strength, no helper.

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                     تفسیر البغوی                            

{يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَائِرُ} وَذَلِكَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ تُبْلَى السَّرَائِرُ، تُظْهَرُ الْخَفَايَا

i.e. it will the Day of Judgment when the secrets will be tested and revealed.

قَالَ عَطَاءُ بْنُ أَبِي رَبَاحٍ: السَّرَائِرُ فَرَائِضُ الْأَعْمَالِ، كَالصَّوْمِ وَالصَّلَاةِ [وَالْوُضُوءِ] (4) وَالِاغْتِسَالِ مِنَ الْجَنَابَةِ، فَإِنَّهَا سَرَائِرُ بَيْنَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى وَبَيْنَ الْعَبْدِ، فَلَوْ شَاءَ الْعَبْدُ لقال: صمت 190/أوَلَمْ يَصُمْ، وَصَلَّيْتُ، وَلَمْ يُصَلِّ، وَاغْتَسَلْتُ وَلَمْ يَغْتَسِلْ، فَيُخْتَبَرُ حَتَّى يَظْهَرَ مَنْ أَدَّاهَا مِمَّنْ ضَيَّعَهَا.

Sayyiduna ‘Ata Ibn Rabah – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  Those secrets are the duties of actions; such as Salah, fasting, Wudhu and Ghusl from impurity.  Those are the secrets between the servants and Allah, for if the servant wanted, he could have said, “I fasted” when he actually did not, and said that he prayed but he never did or said that he had Ghusl but he did not.  It will be broadcasted until it becomes clear as to who performed the duties and who did not.

أَيْ مَا لِهَذَا الْإِنْسَانِ الْمُنْكِرِ لِلْبَعْثِ مِنْ قُوَّةٍ يَمْتَنِعُ بِهَا مِنْ عَذَابِ اللَّهِ وَلَا نَاصِرَ يَنْصُرُهُ مِنَ اللَّهِ.

i.e. the one who rejects the concept of revival does not have power to prevent Allah’s punishment neither does he have any helper against Allah.

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                             التفسیر الکبیر                        

وَالسَّرَائِرُ مَا أُسِرَّ فِي الْقُلُوبِ مِنَ الْعَقَائِدِ وَالنِّيَّاتِ، وَمَا أُخْفِيَ مِنَ الْأَعْمَالِ

Those secrets are the beliefs and intentions that are in the heart and the actions that are not visible to the naked eye.

أَنَّهُ لَا قُوَّةَ لِلْعَبْدِ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ، وَلا ناصِرٍ وَالْمَعْنَى مَا لَهُ مِنْ قُوَّةٍ يَدْفَعُ بِهَا عَنْ نَفْسِهِ مَا حَلَّ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ وَلَا نَاصِرٍ يَنْصُرُهُ فِي دَفْعِهِ وَلَا شَكَّ أَنَّهُ زَجْرٌ وتحدير

A servant will not have any power on that Day nor will one have any helper i.e. He will have no power to repel the punishment from himself or any helper who would help him prevent it.  Undoubtedly it is a warning and caution.

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ: ائْتَمَنَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى خَلْقَهُ عَلَى أَرْبَعٍ:

 عَلَى الصَّلَاةِ

 وَالصَّوْمِ

 وَالزَّكَاةِ

 وَالْغُسْلِ

 وَهِيَ السَّرَائِرُ الَّتِي يَخْتَبِرُهَا اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is reported to have said:  Allah Almighty entrusted his creation with four things:

  1. Salah
  2. Fasting
  3. Zakaat
  4. Ghusl (Obligatory bath)

These are the secrets which Allah Almighty will reveal on the Day of Judgment.

قَالَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: ثَلَاثٌ مَنْ حَافَظَ عَلَيْهَا فَهُوَ وَلِيُّ اللَّهِ حَقًّا، ومن اختانهن فهو عدو الله حَقًّا:

 الصَّلَاةُ

 وَالصَّوْمُ

 وَالْغُسْلُ مِنَ الْجَنَابَةِ

Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with them – narrated that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:  There are three thing that if one is punctual on them, he is truly a friend of Allah and who neglects them is a truly an enemy of Allah:

  1. Salah
  2. Fasting
  3. Ghusl from impurity.

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{يَوْم تُبْلَى} تُخْتَبَر وَتُكْشَف {السَّرَائِر} ضَمَائِر الْقُلُوب في العقائد والنبات

 {فَمَا لَهُ} لِمُنْكِرِ الْبَعْث {مِنْ قُوَّة} يَمْتَنِع بِهَا مِنْ الْعَذَاب {وَلَا نَاصِر} يَدْفَعهُ عَنْهُ

On the day when [all] secrets, the hidden convictions and intentions of the hearts, are inspected, [when] they are examined and revealed.

Whereat he, the one who denies resurrection, will have neither strength, to defend himself against chastisement, nor any helper, to avert it from him.

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

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