وَ یَتَجَنَّبُہَا الْاَشْقَی ﴿ۙ۱۱﴾

And the most wicked will stay away from it.

Tafsir al-Nasafi                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر النسفی                                 

{وَيَتَجَنَّبُهَا} ويتباعد عن الذكرى فلا يقبلها {الأشقى} الكافر أو الذي هو أشقى الكفر لتوغله فى عداوة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم

And the most wicked i.e. the disbeliever or the most wicked disbeliever, will be far away from heeding advice, so he will not accept it due to his extreme enmity towards the Messenger of Allah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him.

قيل نزلت في الوليد بن المغيرة وعتبة بن ربيعة

It is also said that it was revealed about Waleed ibn al-Mugheerah and ‘Atabah ibn Rabee’ah.

Tafsir al-Nasafi (Madarik al-Tanzeel) of Imam Abul Barakaat Abdullah ibn Ahmed al-Nasafi t D. 710 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{وَيَتَجَنَّبهَا} أَيْ الذِّكْرَى أَيْ يَتْرُكهَا جَانِبًا لَا يَلْتَفِت إِلَيْهَا {الْأَشْقَى} بِمَعْنَى الشَّقِيّ أَيْ الْكَافِر

But the wretched one [the wicked one] i.e. the disbeliever, will shun it, i.e. the reminder, in other words, he will leave it aside, not looking at it.

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan                                                                                              تفسیر روح البیان                                                

قال بعض الحكماء علامة الشقاوة أشياء:

 فهذا هو الأشقى الذي يدخل النار الكبرى.

Some men of wisdom have said that the sign of wickedness are the following things:

  1. Excessive eating and drinking
  2. Excess sleep
  3. Persistency on sinning
  4. Cruelty of the heart
  5. Excess sins
  6. Forgetting Allah
  7. Being in the company of an oppressing king.

These are the most wicked people who will enter the greatest fire.

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan of Imam Isma’eel Haqqi ibn Mustafa al-Istanbuli Hanafi t D. 1127 A.H.

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