وَ الَّذِیۡ قَدَّرَ فَہَدٰی ۪ۙ﴿۳﴾

And the One Who kept proper measure and then guided.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

قَالَ مُجَاهِدٌ: قَدَّرَ الشَّقَاوَةَ وَالسَّعَادَةَ، وَهَدَى لِلرُّشْدِ وَالضَّلَالَةِ.

Sayyiduna Mujahid – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  i.e. the One who keeps proper measure of fortune and misfortune and makes one aware of guidance and misguidance.

وَعَنْهُ قَالَ: هَدَى الْإِنْسَانَ لِلسَّعَادَةِ وَالشَّقَاوَةِ، وَهَدَى الْأَنْعَامَ لِمَرَاعِيهَا.

And he also said:  i.e. He guides the mankind towards fortune or misfortune and guides the animal species towards their livelihood.

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{وَاَلَّذِي قَدَّرَ} مَا شَاءَ {فَهَدَى} إِلَى مَا قَدَّرَهُ مِنْ خَيْر وَشَرّ

And the One Who kept proper measure, as He ordains, and then guided, to what He had determined; the good or the evil thereof.

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan                                                                                              تفسیر روح البیان                                                

قال عليه السلام ان الله قدر مقادير الخلق قبل أن يخلق السموات والأرض بخمسين ألف سنة

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:  Indeed Allah Almighty determined the destinies of the creation 50,000 years prior to the creation of heavens and earth.

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan of Imam Isma’eel Haqqi ibn Mustafa al-Istanbuli Hanafi t D. 1127 A.H.

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