اَیَحْسَبُ اَنۡ لَّمْ یَرَہٗۤ اَحَدٌ ؕ﴿۷﴾

Does man think that no one saw him?

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

أَيَحْسَبُ أَيْ أَيَظُنُّ. (أَنْ لَمْ يَرَهُ) أَيْ أَنْ لَمْ يُعَايِنْهُ أَحَدٌ بَلْ عَلِمَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ذَلِكَ مِنْهُ، فَكَانَ كَاذِبًا فِي قَوْلِهِ: أَهْلَكْتُ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ أَنْفَقَهُ.

Does he think i.e. does he assume, that no one saw him i.e. that no one witnessed him, whereas Allah Almighty certainly has the knowledge of it.  It is thus established that he lied in his statement “I destroyed vast wealth” while, in reality, he did not spend the wealth.

وَرَوَى أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ: يُوقَفُ الْعَبْدُ، فَيُقَالُ مَاذَا عَمِلْتَ فِي الْمَالِ الَّذِي رَزَقْتُكَ فَيَقُولُ: أَنْفَقْتُهُ وَزَكَّيْتُهُ. فَيُقَالُ: كَأَنَّكَ إِنَّمَا فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ لِيُقَالَ سَخِيٌّ، فَقَدْ قِيلَ ذَلِكَ. ثُمَّ يُؤْمَرُ بِهِ إِلَى النَّارِ.

Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated and said:  The servant will be confronted and asked, “What did you do with the wealth We granted you?”  He will say, “I spent it and I took out its Zakaat.”  It will then be said to him, “So you did this so people will call you a generous person, then it’s already said.”  He will then be commanded to be thrown in hell.

وَعَنْ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ: إِنَّكَ مَسْئُولٌ عَنْ مَالِكَ مِنْ أَيْنَ جَمَعْتَ وَكَيْفَ أَنْفَقْتَ

Sayyiduna Sa’eed narrated from Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with them:  You will certainly be questioned about your wealth; from where did you earn it and how did you spend it?

وَعَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ: كَانَ أَبُو الْأَشَدَّيْنِ يَقُولُ: أَنْفَقْتُ فِي عَدَاوَةِ مُحَمَّدٍ مَالًا كَثِيرًا وَهُوَ فِي ذَلِكَ كَاذِبٌ.

Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – is reported to have said:  Abu al-Ashaddain used to say, “I have spent a generous sum of money in the enmity of Muhammad (may Allah send peace and blessings upon him) and he was lying about it.”

وَقَالَ مُقَاتِلٌ: نَزَلَتْ فِي الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ نَوْفَلٍ، أَذْنَبَ فَاسْتَفْتَى النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يُكَّفِرَ. فَقَالَ: لَقَدْ ذَهَبَ مَالِي فِي الْكَفَّارَاتِ وَالنَّفَقَاتِ، مُنْذُ دَخَلْتُ فِي دِينِ مُحَمَّدٍ.

Sayyiduna Muqatil – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  It was revealed about Harith ibn ‘Amir ibn Naufal that he committed sin and enquired the beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – about it, so he commanded him to take out expiation.  He said, “My funds have been exhausted by giving away expiations and expenses since I entered the religion of Muhammad (may Allah send peace and blessings upon him).” 

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{أَيَحْسَبُ أَنْ لَمْ يَرَهُ أَحَد} فِيمَا أَنْفَقَهُ فَيَعْلَم قَدْره وَاَللَّه عَالِم بِقَدْرِهِ وَأَنَّهُ لَيْسَ مِمَّا يَتَكَثَّر بِهِ وَمُجَازِيه عَلَى فعله السيء

Does he suppose that no one saw him?, with regard to what he has spent, to know the amount thereof; Allah knows the amount; but it is not

[in reality that much so as]

to be considered a great amount, and [in any case] He will requite him for his evil conduct.

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan                                                                                              تفسیر روح البیان                                                

وفى الحديث لا تزول قدما العبد يوم القيامة حتى يسأل عن اربع:

  1. مله ماذا عمل

Hadeeth:

The feet of a servant will not stay firm on the Day of Judgment until he is questioned regarding the following four:

  1. How he spent his life
  2. From where he earned his wealth and what he spent it for
  3. About his actions that he committed (whether good or bad)
  4. About the love for Ahle Bayt.

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan of Imam Isma’eel Haqqi ibn Mustafa al-Istanbuli Hanafi t D. 1127 A.H.

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