یٰۤاَیَّتُہَا النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّۃُ ﴿۲۷﴾٭ۖ

O the contented soul!

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                     تفسیر البغوی                            

قال عبد الله بن عُمَرَ:  إِذَا تُوُفِّيَ الْعَبْدُ الْمُؤْمِنُ أَرْسَلَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مَلَكَيْنِ إِلَيْهِ وَأَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهِ بِتُحْفَةٍ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ، فَيُقَالُ لَهَا: اخْرُجِي يَا أَيَّتُهَا النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّةُ، اخْرُجِي إِلَى رَوْحٍ وَرَيْحَانٍ وَرَبُّكِ عَنْكِ رَاضٍ، فَتَخْرُجُ كَأَطْيَبِ رِيحِ مِسْكٍ وَجَدَهُ أَحَدٌ فِي أَنْفِهِ، وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ عَلَى أَرْجَاءِ السَّمَاءِ يَقُولُونَ: قَدْ جَاءَ مِنَ الْأَرْضِ رُوحٌ طَيِّبَةٌ وَنَسَمَةٌ طَيِّبَةٌ. فَلَا تَمُرُّ بِبَابٍ إِلَّا فُتِحَ لَهَا وَلَا بِمَلَكٍ إِلَّا صَلَّى عَلَيْهَا، حَتَّى يُؤْتَى بِهَا الرَّحْمَنُ فَتَسْجُدُ، ثُمَّ يُقَالُ لِمِيكَائِيلَ: اذْهَبْ بِهَذِهِ فَاجْعَلْهَا مَعَ أَنْفُسِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، ثُمَّ يُؤْمَرُ فَيُوَسَّعُ عَلَيْهِ قَبْرُهُ، سَبْعُونَ ذِرَاعًا عَرْضُهُ، وَسَبْعُونَ ذِرَاعًا طُولُهُ، وَيُنْبَذُ لَهُ فِيهِ الرَّيْحَانُ فَإِنْ كَانَ مَعَهُ شَيْءٌ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ كَفَاهُ نُورُهُ.  وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ جُعِلَ لَهُ نُورُهُ مِثْلَ الشَّمْسِ فِي قَبْرِهِ، وَيَكُونُ مِثْلُهُ مِثْلَ الْعَرُوسِ، يَنَامُ فَلَا يُوقِظُهُ إِلَّا أَحَبُّ أَهْلِهِ إِلَيْهِ.

 وَإِذَا تُوُفِّيَ الْكَافِرُ أَرْسَلَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكَيْنِ وَأَرْسَلَ قِطْعَةً مِنْ بِجَادٍ أَنْتَنُ مِنْ كُلِّ نَتَنٍ وَأَخْشَنُ مِنْ كُلِّ خَشِنٍ، فَيُقَالُ: يَا أَيَّتُهَا النَّفْسُ الْخَبِيثَةُ اخْرُجِي إِلَى جَهَنَّمَ وَعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ وَرَبُّكِ عَلَيْكِ غَضْبَانُ .

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with them – said:  When a believer dies, Allah Almighty sends two angels towards him with a gift from Paradise.  It is then said to him, “Come out, O the contented soul.  Come out to the soul and garden.  Your Lord is pleased with you.”  It will then come out like the fragrance of musk one smells through his nose.  The angels above the heaven will say, “Indeed a pure soul is coming from the earth.”  Whichever door it will come to will be opened until it will be brought to the Most Compassionate (Allah Almighty) and prostrate before Him.  It will be said to Sayyiduna Mikaeel – peace be upon him, “Take him to the souls of believers.”  Then he will be commanded to widen his grave by 70 hands in length and 70 hands in width and a garden will be made for him.  If he has Quran with him (preserved in his heart) it will suffice to enlighten the grave but if he does not then the light like the sun will be made for him in his grave.  He will be kept like a bride.  No one will disturb him except for when his loved ones visit him.

When a disbeliever dies, Allah Almighty sends two angels towards him with a striped garment which will be stinking and rougher than any object.  He will then be told, “O evil soul, come out to hell and the painful punishment.  Your Lord is displeased with you.”

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

قِيلَ: هُوَ مِنْ قَوْلِ الْمَلَائِكَةِ لِأَوْلِيَاءِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.

It is said that it is the dialogue of the angels for the friends of Allah Almighty.

قَالَ الْحَسَنُ الْبَصْرِيِّ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَقْبِضَ رُوحَ عَبْدِهِ الْمُؤْمِنِ، اطْمَأَنَّتِ النَّفْسُ إِلَى اللَّهِ تَعَالَى، وَاطْمَأَنَّ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهَا.

Sayyiduna Hasan Basri – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  When Allah Almighty wills to capture the soul of a believer, his soul becomes peaceful (willingly) towards Allah Almighty and Allah Almighty becomes peaceful towards the soul.

وقال سعيد بن زائد: قَرَأَ رَجُلٌ عِنْدَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَا أَيَّتُهَا النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّةُ، فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ: مَا أَحْسَنَ هَذَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ! فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: [أَنْ الملك سيقولها لَكَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ [.

Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn Zaaid – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  A man recited this verse by the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him.  Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “How beautiful it is, O Allah’s Messenger.”  The beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – then said to him, “The angel will soon say that to you, O Abu Bakr.”

وَقَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ: مَاتَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ بِالطَّائِفِ، فَجَاءَ طَائِرٌ لَمْ يُرَ عَلَى خِلْقَتِهِ طَائِرٌ قَطُّ، فَدَخَلَ نَعْشَهُ، ثُمَّ لَمْ يُرَ خَارِجًا مِنْهُ، فَلَمَّا دُفِنَ تُلِيَتْ هَذِهِ الْآيَةُ عَلَى شَفِيرِ الْقَبْرِ- لَا يُدْرَى مَنْ تَلَاهَا-: يَا أَيَّتُهَا النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّةُ ارْجِعِي إِلى رَبِّكِ راضِيَةً مَرْضِيَّةً.

Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn Jubair – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  When Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – my Allah be pleased with them – passed away, a bird came the kind of which was never seen before.  It entered his shroud and was not seen coming out of it.  When he was buried, this verse was recited at the graveside but its reciter could not be identified:

یٰۤاَیَّتُہَا النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّۃُ ﴿۲۷﴾٭ۖ

‘O you peaceful soul.’

ارْجِعِیۡۤ اِلٰی رَبِّکِ رَاضِیَۃً مَّرْضِیَّۃً ﴿ۚ۲۸﴾

Return to your Lord well pleased with Him, and He well pleased with you.

فَادْخُلِیۡ فِیۡ عِبٰدِیۡ ﴿ۙ۲۹﴾

So enter you among My chosen bondmen.

وَ ادْخُلِیۡ جَنَّتِیۡ ﴿٪۳۰﴾

  And come to My Garden.

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan                                                                                              تفسیر روح البیان                                                

وفى التعريفات النفس المطمئنة هى التي تنورت بنور القلب حتى تخلت عن صفاتها الذميمة وتحلت بالأخلاق الحميدة

It is mentioned in Al-Ta’reefaat:  Al-Nafs al-Mutma’innah (the contented soul) is the one which is enlightened by the light of the heart until it is purified of all the evil qualities and adorned by virtuous conducts.

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan of Imam Isma’eel Haqqi ibn Mustafa al-Istanbuli Hanafi t D. 1127 A.H.

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