وَ ثَمُوۡدَ الَّذِیۡنَ جَابُوا الصَّخْرَ بِالْوَادِ ﴿۹﴾۪ۙ

And the tribe of Thamud, who hewed rocks in the valley.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

قَالَ الْمُفَسِّرُونَ: أَوَّلُ مَنْ نَحَتَ الْجِبَالَ وَالصُّوَرَ وَالرُّخَامَ: ثَمُودُ.

The exegetists have said:  The first to shape and sculpt the stones and marble were the nation of Thamood.

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{وَثَمُود الَّذِينَ جَابُوا} قَطَعُوا {الصَّخْر} وَاِتَّخَذُوهَا بُيُوتًا {بِالْوَادِ} وَادِي الْقُرَى

The Thamood who hollowed, hewed, the rocks and took them as homes, in the valley, the valley which they used as dwellings.

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan                                                                                              تفسیر روح البیان                                                

وثمود قبيلة مشهورة سميت باسم جدهم ثمود أخي جديس وهما ابنا عامر بن رام بن سام بن نوح عليه الصلاة والسلام وكانوا عربا من العاربة يسكنون الحجر بين الحجاز وتبوك وكانوا يعبدون الأصنام كعاد وهم قوم صالح كما قال تعالى والى ثمود أخاهم صالحا

Thamood is a famous tribe named after their grandfather Thamood, the brother of Jadees, and both of them were the children of ‘Amir ibn Raam ibn Saam ibn Nooh – peace be upon him.  They were Arabs from Aribah lived in the mountains between Hijaz and Tabook.  They used to worship idols like ‘Aad and they were the nation of Sayyiduna Saleh – peace be upon him, as the Almighty has stated:

وَ اِلٰی ثَمُوۡدَ اَخَاہُمْ صٰلِحًا

And We sent Saleh to the tribe of Thamud, from their own community

(Al-A’raf 7, Verse 73)

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan of Imam Isma’eel Haqqi ibn Mustafa al-Istanbuli Hanafi t D. 1127 A.H.

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