اَلَمْ تَرَ کَیۡفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّکَ بِعَادٍ ﴿۶﴾۪ۙ

Did you not see how did your Lord deal with (the tribe of) Aad?

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                     تفسیر البغوی                            

يُخَوِّفُ أَهْلَ مَكَّةَ، يَعْنِي: كَيْفَ أَهْلَكَهُمْ، وَهُمْ كَانُوا أَطْوَلَ أَعْمَارًا وَأَشَدَّ قُوَّةً مِنْ هَؤُلَاءِ.

Allah Almighty stated it warning the people of Makkah i.e. He destroyed them (the nation of ‘Aad) although they had lengthy life expectancy rate and were much more powerful than them (people of Makkah).

وَاخْتَلَفُوا فِي إِرَمَ ذَاتِ الْعِمَادِ

 فَقَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ: إِرَمَ ذَاتِ الْعِمَادِ دِمَشْقُ، وَبِهِ قَالَ عِكْرِمَةُ.

The scholars have differed in their views concerning the term “Irama-dhaatil-‘imaad”:

Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn Al-Musayyib – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  Irama-dhaatil-‘imaad refers to the city of Damascus, and this is the statement of Sayyiduna ‘Ikramah – may Allah be pleased with him.

وَقَالَ الْقُرَظِيُّ هِيَ الْإِسْكَنْدَرِيَّةُ،

Sayyiduna Al-Qurazi – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  It refers to Alexandria.

وَقَالَ مُجَاهِدٌ: هِيَ أُمَّةٌ. وَقِيلَ: مَعْنَاهَا: الْقَدِيمَةُ.

Sayyiduna Mujahid – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  It refers to a nation while it is also said that its meaning is related to ancient times.

وَقَالَ قَتَادَةُ، وَمُقَاتِلٌ: هُمْ قَبِيلَةٌ مِنْ عَادٍ قَالَ مُقَاتِلٌ: كَانَ فِيهِمُ الْمُلْكُ، وَكَانُوا [بِمَهَرَةَ] وَكَانَ عَادٌ أَبَاهُمْ، فَنَسَبَهُمْ إِلَيْهِ، وَهُوَ إِرَمُ بْنُ عَادِ بْنِ إِرَمَ بْنِ سَامِ بْنِ نُوحٍ.

Sayyiduna Qatadah and Mujahid – may Allah be pleased with them – said:  They were a tribe branched off from the nation of ‘Aad.  Sayyiduna Muqatil – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  There was a king among them and they were situated at the tribe of Maharah (in Yemen) and ‘Aad was their forefather.  It is for this reason that they have been attributed to them.  It is Iram ibn ‘Aad, ibn Iram ibn Saam ibn Sayyiduna Nooh – peace be upon him.

وَقَالَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ: هُوَ جَدٌّ عَادٍ، وَهُوَ عَادُ بْنُ عَوْصِ بْنِ إِرَمَ بْنِ سَامِ بْنِ نُوحٍ  .

Sayyiduna Muhammad ibn Is’haq – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  He was the grandfather of ‘Aad, whose lineage is ‘Aad ibn ‘Aus ibn Iram ibn Saam ibn Sayyiduna Nooh – peace be upon him.

وَقَالَ الْكَلْبِيُّ: إِرَمَ هُوَ الَّذِي يَجْتَمِعُ إِلَيْهِ نَسَبُ عَادٍ وَثَمُودَ وَأَهْلِ الْجَزِيرَةِ، كَانَ يُقَالُ: عَادُ إِرَمَ، وَثَمُودُ إِرَمَ، فَأَهْلَكَ اللَّهُ عَادًا ثُمَّ ثَمُودَ، وَبَقِيَ أَهْلُ السَّوَادِ وَالْجَزِيرَةِ

Sayyiduna Kalbi – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  The lineage of ‘Aad, Thamood and the people of island leads to Iram.  They used to be called the ‘Aad of Iram and Thamood of Iram, then Allah Almighty destroyed ‘Aad then Thamood but the people of Island survived.

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

قَالَ ابْنُ إِسْحَاقَ: كَانَ سَامُ بْنُ نُوحٍ لَهُ أَوْلَادٌ، منهم إِرَمُ بْنُ سَامٍ، وَأَرْفَخْشَذُ بْنُ سَامٍ. فَمِنْ وَلَدِ إِرَمِ بْنِ سَامٍ الْعَمَالِقَةُ وَالْفَرَاعِنَةُ وَالْجَبَابِرَةُ وَالْمُلُوكُ الطُّغَاةُ وَالْعُصَاةُ.

Sayyiduna Ibn Is’haq – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  Saam ibn Sayyiduna Nooh – peace be upon him – had children, amongst them were Iram ibn Saam and Arfakhshadh ibn Saam but from the progeny of Iram ibn Saam were the nations of Amaleqah, Fara’enah (Pharaohs), oppressors and unruly and transgressive kings.

قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ فِي رِوَايَةِ عَطَاءٍ: كَانَ الرَّجُلُ مِنْهُمْ طُولُهُ خَمْسمِائَةِ ذِرَاعٍ، وَالْقَصِيرُ مِنْهُمْ طُولُهُ ثلاثمائة ذِرَاعٍ بِذِرَاعِ نَفْسِهِ.

وَرُوِيَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَيْضًا أَنَّ طُولَ الرَّجُلِ مِنْهُمْ كَانَ سَبْعِينَ ذِرَاعًا.

Sayyiduna Ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – said:  Their tallest men were 500 feet tall and the shortest of them measured 300 feet tall.

It is also narrated from Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – that the tallest of their men measured 70 feet.

ابْنُ الْعَرَبِيِّ: وَهُوَ بَاطِلٌ، لِأَنَّ فِي الصَّحِيحِ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَلَقَ آدَمَ طُولُهُ سِتُّونَ ذِرَاعًا فِي الْهَوَاءِ، فَلَمْ يَزَلِ الْخَلْقُ يَنْقُصُ إِلَى الْآنِ .

Sayyiduna Ibn al-‘Arabi – may Allah be pleased with him – contested the view:  It is incorrect, for it is mentioned in authentic narration that Allah Almighty created Sayyiduna Adam – peace be upon him – 60 feet tall, and the creation has been only declining in height since then.

وَزَعَمَ قَتَادَةُ: أَنَّ طُولَ الرَّجُلِ مِنْهُمُ اثْنَا عَشَرَ ذِرَاعًا.

Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with him – perceived it as follows:  The tallest of their men were 12 feet tall.

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

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