اِذِ انۡۢـبَعَثَ اَشْقٰىہَا ﴿۱۲﴾۪ۙ

When the most wicked among them stood up in defiance.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

وَفِي الْبُخَارِيِّ عن عبد الله ابن زَمْعَةَ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَخْطُبُ، وَذَكَرَ النَّاقَةَ وَالَّذِي عَقَرَهَا، فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: (إِذِ انْبَعَثَ أَشْقَاهَا، انْبَعَثَ لَهَا رَجُلٌ عَزِيزٌ عَارِمٌ  مَنِيعٌ فِي رَهْطِهِ مِثْلُ أَبِي زَمْعَةَ).

The Hadeeth in Bukhari which is narrated by Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Zam’ah – may Allah be pleased with him:  He heard Allah’s Messenger – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – delivered an address and he made a mention of the she-camel and also made a mention of one (base person) who cut off Its hind legs, and he recited:

اِذِ انۡۢـبَعَثَ اَشْقٰىہَا ﴿۱۲﴾۪ۙ

When the most wicked among them stood up in defiance.

(Al-Shams 91, Verse 12)

A mischievous person, strong and enormous because of the strength of a family like Abu Zam’a.

وروى الضحاك عَنْ عَلِيٍّ: أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ له: أَتَدْرِي مَنْ أَشْقَى الْأَوَّلِينَ قُلْتُ: اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ. قَالَ: (عَاقِرُ النَّاقَةِ- قَالَ- أَتَدْرِي مَنْ أَشْقَى الْآخِرِينَ) قُلْتُ: اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ. قَالَ: قَاتِلُكُ

Sayyiduna Dhahhak – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated the Hadeeth from Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – said to him, “Do you know who is the most wicked person amongst the early generations?”  I said, “Allah and His Messenger know best.”  He said, “It was the one who cut the she-camel.”  “Do you know who is the most wicked amongst the latter generations?”  I said, “Allah and His Messenger know best.”  He replied, “It’s your murderer.”

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Advertisements