فَاَمَّا الْیَتِیۡمَ فَلَا تَقْہَرْ ؕ﴿۹﴾

Therefore do not oppress the orphan.

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                        تفسیر البغوی                            

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: خَيْرُ بَيْتٍ فِي الْمُسْلِمِينَ بَيْتٌ فِيهِ يَتِيمٌ يُحْسَنُ إِلَيْهِ، وَشَرُّ بَيْتٍ فِي الْمُسْلِمِينَ بَيْتٌ فِيهِ يَتِيمٌ يُسَاءُ إِلَيْهِ، ثُمَّ قَالَ بِأُصْبُعَيْهِ: أَنَا وَكَافِلُ الْيَتِيمِ [فِي الْجَنَّةِ]

Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – reported that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:  The best of houses among the Muslims is the one in which there is an orphan and he is treated well there and the worst of houses among the Muslims is the one where there is an orphan and he is ill-treated there.  He then said pointing with his two fingers (joined together), “I and the caretaker of an orphan are in paradise.”

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                 التفسیر الکبیر                        

وَرُوِيَ: أَنَّهَا نَزَلَتْ حِينَ صَاحَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَلَى وَلَدِ خَدِيجَةَ

The Hadeeth is narrated that it was revealed at the time when the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – had shouted the child of Sayyidah Khadeejah – may Allah be pleased with her.

عَنْ أَنَسٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ: «إِذَا بَكَى الْيَتِيمُ وَقَعَتْ دُمُوعُهُ فِي كَفِّ الرَّحْمَنِ، وَيَقُولُ تَعَالَى: مَنْ أَبْكَى هَذَا الْيَتِيمَ الَّذِي وَارَيْتُ وَالِدَهُ التراب، من أسكته فله الجنة» .

Sayyiduna Anas – may Allah be pleased with him – reported that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:  When an orphan cries, his tears fall onto the palm of the Most Compassionate (Allah Almighty) and He says, “Who has made this orphan cry whose father I have buried in the sand?  One who provides for him there is Paradise for him.”

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

وَرُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ رَجُلًا شَكَا إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَسْوَةَ قَلْبِهِ، فَقَالَ: (إِنْ أَرَدْتُ أَنْ يَلِينَ، فَامْسَحْ رَأْسَ الْيَتِيمِ، وَأَطْعِمِ الْمِسْكِينَ).

Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – reported that a man complained to the Holy Prophet -may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – about the cruelty of his heart, so he stated, “If you wish that your heart softens then place your hand over the head of an orphan and feed the poor.”

وَفِي الصَّحِيحِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ: أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: (أَنَا وكافل اليتيم له أو لغيره كهاتين)  وَأَشَارَ بِالسَّبَّابَةِ وَالْوُسْطَى.

It is mentioned in Sahih Hadeeth from Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “I and the caretaker of an orphan will be like these two.” And indicated towards his index and middle fingers (joined).

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

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