اَلَمْ یَجِدْکَ یَتِیۡمًا فَاٰوٰی ۪﴿۶﴾

Did He not find you an orphan, so provided you shelter?

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                        تفسیر البغوی                            

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى عَنْهُمَا قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: سَأَلَتُ ربي مسألة وودت أَنِّي لَمْ أَكُنْ سَأَلْتُهُ، قُلْتُ: يَا رَبِّ إنك آتيت سلميان بْنَ دَاوُدَ مُلْكًا عَظِيمًا، وَآتَيْتَ فُلَانًا كَذَا وَآتَيْتَ فُلَانًا كَذَا قَالَ: يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَلَمْ أَجِدْكَ يَتِيمًا فَآوَيْتُكَ قُلْتُ: بَلَى، أَيْ رَبِّ قَالَ: أَلَمْ أَجِدْكَ ضَالًّا فَهَدَيْتُكَ قُلْتُ: بَلَى أَيْ رَبِّ، قَالَ: أَلَمْ أَجِدْكَ عَائِلًا فَأَغْنَيْتُكَ قُلْتُ: بَلَى أَيْ رَبِّ

Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – reported that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:  I asked my Lord a question but I wish I hadn’t, I said, “O my Lord, You have granted Sulayman – peace be upon him – a great kingdom and granted others such things; so on and so forth.”  The Almighty stated, “When I found you orphan, did I not provide you shelter, O Muhammad?”  “Of course, my Lord” I replied.  He said, “Did I not find you deeply engrossed in My love, so directed you?”  “Of course, my Lord” I replied.  He said, “Did I not find you in need, so made you prosperous?”  “Of course, my Lord” I replied.

وَمَعْنَى الْآيَةِ: أَلَمْ يَجِدْكَ يَتِيمًا صَغِيرًا فَقِيرًا حِينَ مَاتَ أَبَوَاكَ وَلَمْ يُخَلِّفَا لَكَ مَالًا وَلَا مَأْوًى، فَجَعَلْتُ لَكَ مَأْوًى تأوي إليه، وضمَّك إِلَى عَمِّكَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ حَتَّى أَحْسَنَ تَرْبِيَتَكَ وَكَفَاكَ الْمُؤْنَةَ.

Meaning of the verse:  Did He not find you as a young orphan when your parents had departed without leaving wealth or shelter behind for you, then I made a shelter for you to nestle in it and joined you with your uncle Abu Talib so he brought you up well and supported you.

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                 التفسیر الکبیر                        

أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ فِيمَا ذَكَرَهُ أَهْلُ الْأَخْبَارِ تُوُفِّيَ وَأُمُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَامِلٌ بِهِ

 ثُمَّ وُلِدَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ فَكَانَ مَعَ جَدِّهِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ وَمَعَ أُمِّهِ آمِنَةَ، فَهَلَكَتْ أُمُّهُ آمِنَةُ وَهُوَ ابْنُ سِتِّ سِنِينَ

 فَكَانَ مَعَ جَدِّهِ، ثُمَّ هَلَكَ جَدُّهُ بَعْدَ أُمِّهِ بِسَنَتَيْنِ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ابْنُ ثَمَانِ سِنِينَ.

وَكَانَ عَبْدُ الْمُطَّلِبِ يُوصِي أَبَا طَالِبٍ بِهِ لِأَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ وَأَبَا طَالِبٍ كَانَا مِنْ أُمٍّ وَاحِدَةٍ، فَكَانَ أَبُو طَالِبٍ هُوَ الَّذِي يَكْفُلُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ بَعْدَ جَدِّهِ إِلَى أَنَّ بَعَثَهُ اللَّهُ لِلنُّبُوَّةِ، فَقَامَ بِنُصْرَتِهِ مُدَّةً مَدِيدَةً، ثُمَّ تُوُفِّيَ أَبُو طَالِبٍ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فَلَمْ يَظْهَرْ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ يُتْمٌ الْبَتَّةَ فَأَذْكَرَهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى هَذِهِ النِّعْمَةَ

As the historians have mentioned that Sayyiduna Abdullah (Father of the beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him) ibn Abdul Muttalib – may Allah be pleased with them – passed away while his mother was pregnant with him.

When the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was born, he was with his mother and then his mother, Sayyidah Aminah – may Allah be pleased with her – passed away when he was a 6 years old boy.

He then used to live with his grandfather and two years later, his grandfather passed away when he was eight years old.

Sayyiduna ‘Abdul Muttalib – may Allah be pleased with him – entrusted him to Abu Talib because Abu Talib and Sayyiduna Abdullah were born from the same mother, so it was then Abu Talib who brought up the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – after his grandfather until Allah Almighty appointed the Prophethood upon him then he stood tall with his support for a lengthy period.  Abu Talib then passed away but there was no sign of being an orphan on the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – at all, therefore Allah Almighty mentioned this blessing.

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

وَقِيلَ لِجَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الصَّادِقِ: لِمَ أُوتِمَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مِنْ أَبَوَيْهِ

 فَقَالَ: لِئَلَّا يَكُونَ لِمَخْلُوقٍ عَلَيْهِ حَقٌّ.

A questioned was posed to Imam Ja’fer Sadiq – may Allah be pleased with him:  Why was the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – orphaned from both his parents?

He replied:  So there is no one in the entire creation whom he owed anything.

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan                                                                                              تفسیر روح البیان                                                

وكان عليه السلام يقول كنت يتيما فى الصغر وغريبا فى الكبر

وكان يحب الأيتام ويحسن إليهم

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings be upon him – used to say:  I was orphan in my young age and in my old age I am an immigrant.

He used to love orphans and treat them well.

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan of Imam Isma’eel Haqqi ibn Mustafa al-Istanbuli Hanafi t D. 1127 A.H.

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