وَ لَسَوْفَ یُعْطِیۡکَ رَبُّکَ فَتَرْضٰی ؕ﴿۵﴾

And indeed your Lord will soon give you so much that you will be pleased. (Allah seeks to please the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him.)

Tafsir al-Tabari                                                             تفسیر الطبری                                

عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ: عُرِضَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَا هُوَ مَفْتُوحٌ عَلَى أُمَّتِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ، كَفْرًا كَفْرًا، فَسُرَّ بِذَلِكَ، فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ {وَلَسَوْفَ يُعْطِيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرْضَى} [الضحى: 5] فَأَعْطَاهُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ أَلْفَ قَصْرٍ، فِي كُلِّ قَصْرٍ، مَا يَنْبَغِي مِنَ الْأَزْوَاجِ وَالْخَدَمِ

Sayyiduna Ali, the son of Abdullah ibn Abbas, narrated from his father – may Allah be pleased with them, he said: “The Messenger of Allah – peace and blessings of Allah be upon him – has been granted (in this verse) what is to be offered to his nation after him, each and everything, it all has been mentioned in this enclosure, so Allah Almighty revealed this verse [Al-Dhuha: 5] that He has granted him a thousand mansions in paradise, and in every mansion, suitable husbands/wives and servants.

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri t D. 310 A.H.

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                        تفسیر البغوی                            

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ: هُوَ الشَّفَاعَةُ فِي أُمَّتِهِ حَتَّى يَرْضَى، وَهُوَ قَوْلُ عَلَيٍّ وَالْحَسَنِ.

It is narrated from Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them:  It is his intercession for his nation till he is pleased.  It is also the view of Sayyiduna ‘Ali and Hasan – may Allah be pleased with them.

وَرُوِّينَا عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: اللَّهُمَّ أُمَّتِي أُمَّتِي وَبَكَى، فَقَالَ اللَّهُ: يَا جِبْرِيلُ اذْهَبْ إِلَى مُحَمَّدٍ فَقُلْ لَهُ إِنَّا سَنُرْضِيكَ فِي أمتك، ولا نسؤءك فِيهِمْ

This Hadeeth has reached us via Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas – may Allah be pleased with them – that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “O Allah, my Ummah! my Ummah!” and cried.  Allah Almighty then stated, “O Jibreel, go to Muhammad and tell him, ‘Soon, We shall definitely please you about your Ummah and We will not sadden you about them’.”

وَقَالَ حَرْبُ بْنُ شُرَيْحٍ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ يَقُولُ: إِنَّكُمْ يَا مَعْشَرَ أَهْلِ الْعِرَاقِ تَقُولُونَ: أَرْجَى آيَةٍ فِي القرآن: قل يا عبادي الَّذِينَ أَسْرَفُوا عَلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ لَا تَقْنَطُوا مِنْ رَحْمَةِ اللَّهِ، وَإِنَّا أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ نَقُولُ: أَرْجَى آيَةٍ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَلَسَوْفَ يُعْطِيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرْضَى

Sayyiduna Harb ibn Shuraih said:  I heard Abu Ja’fer Muhammad ibn ‘Ali (Imam Baqir) – may Allah be pleased with them – saying, “O the people of Iraq, you say that the most hopeful verse of the Holy Quran is:

قُلْ یٰعِبَادِیَ الَّذِیۡنَ اَسْرَفُوۡا عَلٰۤی اَنۡفُسِہِمْ لَا تَقْنَطُوۡا مِنۡ رَّحْمَۃِ اللہِ ؕ اِنَّ اللہَ یَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوۡبَ جَمِیۡعًا ؕ اِنَّہٗ ہُوَ الْغَفُوۡرُ الرَّحِیۡمُ ﴿۵۳﴾

  Say you, ‘O My bondmen who have committed excesses against their own souls ‘despair not of the mercy of Allah’ Undoubtedly, Allah forgives all sins, Verily He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.

(Al-Zumar 39, Verse 53)

But we, the Ahle Bayt, say that the most hopeful verse in the Devine Book of Allah is:

وَلَسَوْفَ يُعْطِيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرْضَى

And indeed your Lord will soon give you so much that you will be pleased. (Allah seeks to please the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him.)

(Al-Dhuha 93, Verse 5)

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                 التفسیر الکبیر                        

يُرْوَى أَنَّهُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ لَمَّا نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الْآيَةُ قَالَ: إِذًا لَا أَرْضَى وَوَاحِدٌ مِنْ أُمَّتِي فِي النَّارِ

 The Hadeeth of the beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is narrated that he stated when this verse was revealed:  I will not be pleased even if my one Ummati is in hell.

الْأَحَادِيثُ الْكَثِيرَةُ الْوَارِدَةُ فِي الشَّفَاعَةِ دَالَّةٌ عَلَى أَنَّ رِضَا الرَّسُولِ عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ فِي الْعَفْوِ عَنِ الْمُذْنِبِينَ، وَهَذِهِ الْآيَةُ دَلَّتْ عَلَى أَنَّهُ تَعَالَى يَفْعَلُ كُلَّ مَا يَرْضَاهُ الرَّسُولُ فَتَحَصَّلَ مِنْ مَجْمُوعِ الْآيَةِ وَالْخَبَرِ حُصُولُ الشَّفَاعَةِ

There are numerous Ahadeeth mentioned with regards to the intercession which prove that the pleasure of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – indeed lies in the forgiveness of the sinners.  This verse proves that the Almighty will do everything that will please the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – so this is the conclusion of the concept of intercession derived from the whole verse as well as the narrations.

وَعَنْ جَعْفَرٍ الصَّادِقِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ أَنَّهُ قَالَ: رِضَاءُ جَدِّي أَنْ لَا يَدْخُلَ النَّارَ مُوَحِّدٌ

Imam Ja’fer Sadiq – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said:  The pleasure of my grandfather lies in the fact that none of the monotheists (who only believe in One Allah) will enter hell.

تَقُولُ الْأَنْبِيَاءُ:نَفْسِي نَفْسِي، أَيِ ابْدَأْ بِجَزَائِي وَثَوَابِي قَبْلَ أُمَّتِي، لِأَنَّ طَاعَتِي كَانَتْ قَبْلَ طَاعَةِ أُمَّتِي، وَأَنْتَ تَقُولُ: أُمَّتِي أُمَّتِي، أَيِ ابْدَأْ بِهِمْ، فَإِنَّ سُرُورِي أَنْ أَرَاهُمْ فَائِزِينَ بِثَوَابِهِمْ

(On the Day of Judgment) The Prophets – peace be upon them – will say, “(I am concerned about) myself! (I am concerned about) myself!” i.e. they will be judged according to their virtues prior to their nations, whereas the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – will say, “My Ummah! My Ummah!” i.e. beginning with them, for his pleasures lies only in seeing them attaining success through their virtues.

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

وَعَنْهُ قَالَ: رَضِيَ مُحَمَّدٌ أَلَّا يَدْخُلَ أَحَدٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ النَّارَ.

Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said:  The pleasure of Sayyiduna Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – lies in the fact that none of his Ahle Bayt will enter hell.

وَفِي صَحِيحِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ تَلَا قَوْلَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى فِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ: فَمَنْ تَبِعَنِي فَإِنَّهُ مِنِّي وَمَنْ عَصانِي فَإِنَّكَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ  [إبراهيم: 36] وقول عيسى: إِنْ تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِبادُكَ [المائدة: 118]، فَرَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ وَقَالَ: (اللَّهُمَّ أُمَّتِي أُمَّتِي) وَبَكَى. فَقَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى لِجِبْرِيلَ: (اذْهَبْ إِلَى مُحَمَّدٍ، وَرَبُّكَ أَعْلَمُ، فَسَلْهُ مَا يُبْكِيكَ) فَأَتَى جِبْرِيلُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَسَأَلَ فَأَخْبَرَهُ. فَقَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى لِجِبْرِيلَ: [اذْهَبْ إِلَى مُحَمَّدٍ، فَقُلْ لَهُ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَقُولُ لَكَ: إِنَّا سنرضيك في أمتك وَلَا نَسُوءُكَ ].

It is mentioned in Sahih Muslim narrated by Sayyiduna ‘Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn Al-‘Aas – may Allah be pleased with them – that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – recited the statement of Allah Almighty about Sayyiduna Ibrahim (who said the following to Allah Almighty):

فَمَنْ تَبِعَنِي فَإِنَّهُ مِنِّي وَمَنْ عَصانِي فَإِنَّكَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ

  Then who sided with me is mine and who disobeyed me, then you are certainly Forgiving, Merciful.

(Ibrahim 14, Verse 36)

And the following words of Sayyiduna ‘Isa – peace be upon him:

إِنْ تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِبادُكَ

  If You punish them, they are Your bondmen.

(Al-Ma’idah 5, Verse 118)

He then raised his hands and said, “O Allah, my Ummah! My Ummah!” and cried, so Allah Almighty said to Sayyiduna Jibreel – peace be upon him, “O Jibreel, go to Muhammad and tell him, ‘Indeed Allah Almighty says to you, Soon, We shall definitely please you about your Ummah and We will not sadden you about them’.”

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor                                                                              تفسیر الدر المنثور                                         

وَأخرج الْبَيْهَقِيّ فِي شعب الإِيمان من طَرِيق سعيد بن جُبَير عَن ابْن عَبَّاس رَضِي الله عَنْهُمَا فِي قَوْله: {ولسوف يعطيك رَبك فترضى} قَالَ: رِضَاهُ أَن تدخل أمته الْجنَّة كلهم

Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – commented on this verse and said:  His pleasure lies in the fact that everyone of his Ummah enters paradise.

(Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Iman)

وَأخرج ابْن الْمُنْذر وَابْن مرْدَوَيْه وَأَبُو نعيم فِي الْحِلْية من طَرِيق حَرْب بن شُرَيْح رَضِي الله عَنهُ قَالَ: قلت لأبي جَعْفَر مُحَمَّد بن عَليّ بن الْحُسَيْن: أَرَأَيْت هَذِه الشَّفَاعَة الَّتِي يتحدث بهَا أهل الْعرَاق أَحَق هِيَ قَالَ: إِي وَالله حَدثنِي عمي مُحَمَّد بن الحنفيه عَن عَليّ أَن رَسُول الله صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم قَالَ: أشفع لأمتي حَتَّى يناديني رَبِّي أرضيت يَا مُحَمَّد فَأَقُول: نعم يَا رب رضيت

Sayyiduna Harb ibn Shuraih – may Allah be pleased with him –reported:  I said to Abu Ja’fer Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn Husain – may Allah be pleased with them, “What is your opinion about this intercession under discussion?  Do the people of Iraq deserve it?”  He replied, “Yes, I swear by Allah!  My uncle Sayyiduna Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah narrated the Hadeeth from Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with them – that the Messenger of Allah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:  I will intercede for my Ummah until my Lord calls me, “Are you pleased, O Muhammad?”  I will then respond, “Yes, my Lord, I am pleased.”

(Ibn Mardawaih, Abu Nu’aim in Hilyah)

وَأخرج ابْن أبي شيبَة عَن ابْن مَسْعُود رَضِي الله عَنهُ قَالَ رَسُول الله صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم: إِنَّا أهل بَيت اخْتَار الله لنا الْآخِرَة على الدُّنْيَا {ولسوف يعطيك رَبك فترضى}

Sayyiduna Ibn Mas’ood – may Allah be pleased with him – reported that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:  Allah Almighty has chosen the hereafter for us, the Ahle Bayt, over the world:

ولسوف يعطيك رَبك فترضى

And indeed your Lord will soon give you so much that you will be pleased. (Allah seeks to please the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him.)

(Al-Dhuha 93, Verse 5)

(Ibn Abi Shaibah)

وَأخرج العسكري فِي المواعظ وَابْن مرْدَوَيْه وَابْن لال وَابْن النجار عَن جَابر بن عبد الله قَالَ: دخل رَسُول الله صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم على فَاطِمَة وَهِي تطحن بالرحى وَعَلَيْهَا كسَاء من حَملَة الإِبل فَلَمَّا نظر إِلَيْهَا قَالَ: يَا فَاطِمَة تعجلِي فتجرعي مرَارَة الدُّنْيَا لنعيم الْآخِرَة غَدا فَأنْزل الله {ولسوف يعطيك رَبك فترضى}

Sayyiduna Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said:  The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – visited Sayyidah Fatimah – may Allah be pleased with her – while she was grinding something with the handmill.  She had a blanket on made of camel-wool.  When the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – saw her, he stated, “O Fatimah, hurry up, bear the worldly hardship for the bounties of the hereafter tomorrow, for Allah Almighty has revealed:

ولسوف يعطيك رَبك فترضى

And indeed your Lord will soon give you so much that you will be pleased. (Allah seeks to please the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him.)

(Al-Dhuha 93, Verse 5)

Tafsir Al-Durr al-Manthoor Bi al-Tafsir al-Mathoor of Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

Advertisements