اِنَّ سَعْیَکُمْ لَشَتّٰی ؕ﴿۴﴾

Indeed your efforts differ.

Tafsir al-Tabari                                                             تفسیر الطبری                                

إِنَّ عَمَلَكُمْ لَمُخْتَلِفٌ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ، لِأَنَّ مِنْكُمُ الْكَافِرَ بِرَبِّهِ، وَالْعَاصِي لَهُ فِي أَمْرِهِ وَنَهْيِهِ، وَالْمُؤْمِنَ بِهِ، وَالْمُطِيعَ لَهُ فِي أَمْرِهِ وَنَهْيِهِ

Indeed, O people, your actions differ; for some of you disbelieve in your Lord and disobey Him in His commands and prohibitions while some of you believe in Him and obey Him in His commands and prohibitions.

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri t D. 310 A.H.

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                        تفسیر البغوی                            

رَوَى أَبُو مَالِكٍ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: كُلُّ، النَّاسِ يَغْدُو فَبَائِعٌ نَفْسَهُ فَمُعْتِقُهَا أَوْ مُوِبقُهَا

Sayyiduna Abu Malik Ash’ari – may Allah be pleased with him – reported that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated:  Everyone wakes up and sells himself, so he either frees himself or destroys himself.

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                 التفسیر الکبیر                        

قَالَ الْمُفَسِّرُونَ: نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الْآيَةُ فِي أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَأَبِي سُفْيَانَ.  ثُمَّ إِنَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ بَيَّنَ مَعْنَى اخْتِلَافِ الْأَعْمَالِ

The exegetists have mentioned:  This verse was revealed regarding Sayyiduna Abu Bakr and Sayyiduna Abu Sufyan – may Allah be pleased with them – then Allah Almighty made the meaning of difference in actions clear (in the verses that are to come).

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{إِنَّ سَعْيكُمْ} عَمَلكُمْ {لَشَتَّى} مُخْتَلِف فَعَامِل لِلْجَنَّةِ بِالطَّاعَةِ وَعَامِل لِلنَّارِ بِالْمَعْصِيَةِ

Assuredly your efforts, your deeds, are dissimilar, with some working towards Paradise by means of obedience, while others [in effect] are working towards the Fire through acts of disobedience.

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor                                                                              تفسیر الدر المنثور                                         

وَأخرج ابْن أبي حَاتِم وَأَبُو الشَّيْخ وَابْن عَسَاكِر عَن ابْن مَسْعُود أَن أَبَا بكر  الصّديق اشْترى بِلَالًا من أُميَّة بن خلف وَأبي بن خلف بِبُرْدَةٍ وَعشر أَوَاقٍ فَأعْتقهُ لله فَأنْزل الله {وَاللَّيْل إِذا يغشى} {إِن سعيكم لشتى} سعي أبي بكر وَأُميَّة وَأبي

Sayyiduna Ibn Mas’ood reported that Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq – may Allah be pleased with them – purchased Sayyiduna Bilal – may Allah be pleased with him – from Umayyah and Ubayi ibn khalaf for a striped garment and 10 Awqiyah (a unit of measure and each awqiyah consists of 40 gold coins) and freed him, hence Allah Almighty revealed this Surah and signifies in this verse the difference between the virtues of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – and the evil of Umayyah and Ubayi.

(Ibn Abi Hatim, Abu al-Shaykh, Ibn ‘Asakir)

Tafsir Al-Durr al-Manthoor Bi al-Tafsir al-Mathoor of Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

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