وَ رَفَعْنَا لَکَ ذِکْرَکَ ؕ﴿۴﴾
And We have exalted your remembrance for you.

Tafsir al-Tabari تفسیر الطبری
عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ، {وَرَفَعْنَا لَكَ ذِكْرَكَ} [الشرح: 4] قَالَ: لَا أُذْكَرُ إِلَّا ذُكِرْتَ مَعِي: أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ
Sayyiduna Mujahid – may Allah be pleased with him – comments: Allah Almighty promised, “Whenever I am remembered, you (Allah’s beloved) will be remembered with Me.” (I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and I testify that Muhammad [may Allah send peace and blessings upon him] is Allah’s Messenger.)

عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، {وَرَفَعْنَا لَكَ ذِكْرَكَ} [الشرح: 4] رَفَعَ اللَّهُ ذِكْرَهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ، فَلَيْسَ خَطِيبٌ، وَلَا مُتَشَهِّدٌ، وَلَا صَاحِبُ صَلَاةٍ، إِلَّا يُنَادِي بِهَا: أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ
Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have commented: Allah Almighty has exalted his remembrance in this world as well as in the hereafter; hence there is no Khateeb (preacher) or Mu’azzin or Musalli who does not say “I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and I testify that Muhammad [may Allah send peace and blessings upon him] is Allah’s Messenger.”

عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ: أَتَانِي جِبْرِيلُ فَقَالَ: إِنَّ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكَ يَقُولُ: كَيْفَ رَفَعْتُ لَكَ ذِكْرَكَ قَالَ: اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ، قَالَ: «إِذَا ذُكِرْتُ ذُكِرْتَ مَعِي»
Hadeeth al-Qudsi: Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed Khudri – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is reported to have stated: Sayyiduna Jibreel – peace be upon him – came to me and said, “Mine and your Lord says, “How did I exalt your remembrance for you?” He replied, “Allah knows best.” Allah Almighty stated, “Whenever I am remembered, you will be remembered with Me.”

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri  D. 310 A.H.

Tafsir al-Baghawi تفسیر البغوی
عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ: يُرِيدُ الْأَذَانَ وَالْإِقَامَةَ وَالتَّشَهُّدَ وَالْخُطْبَةَ عَلَى الْمَنَابِرِ، وَلَوْ أَنَّ عَبْدًا عَبَدَ اللَّهَ وَصَدَّقَهُ فِي كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَلَمْ يَشْهَدْ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ لَمْ يَنْتَفِعْ بِشَيْءٍ، وَكَانَ كَافِرًا.
Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – is reported to have said: It means the Azan, the Iqamah, the Tashahhud, the sermon on the pulpits. If there is a servant who worships Allah and truly believes in Him in everything but he does not testify that Sayyiduna Muhhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is Allah’s Messenger then nothing will benefit him and he will become a disbeliever.

وَفِيهِ يَقُولُ حَسَّانُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ:
أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَرْسَلَ عَبْدَهُ
بِبُرْهَانِهِ، وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَى وَأَمْجَدُ
أَغَرُّ عَلَيْهِ لِلنُّبُوَّةِ خَاتَمٌ
مِنَ اللَّهِ مَشْهُودٌ يَلوُحُ وَيَشْهَدُ
وَضَمَّ الْإِلَهُ اسْمَ النَّبِيِّ مَعَ اسْمِهِ
إِذَا قَالَ فِي الْخَمْسِ الْمُؤَذِّنُ: أَشْهَدُ
وَشَقَّ لَهُ مِنِ اسْمِهِ لِيُجِلَّهُ
فَذُو الْعَرْشِ مَحْمُودٌ وَهَذَا مُحَمَّدُ
Sayyiduna Hassan ibn Thabit – may Allah be pleased with him – has recited the following verses of poetry in this regard:

Did you not see that Allah Almighty has sent His bondman with His clear Proof and Allah Almighty is the Most High and Most Honoured.

The is seal of Prophethood is luminous on him, testified by Allah and it shines and testifies.

Allah Almighty joined the name of the beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – with His Name, whenever the Mu’azzin calls “Ash-hadu” five times a day.

He extracted his name out of His own Name to honour him, hence the one who owns the ‘Arsh is Mahmood and this is Muhammad.

رَفَعَ اللَّهُ ذِكْرَهُ بِأَخْذِ مِيثَاقِهِ عَلَى النَّبِيِّينَ وَإِلْزَامِهِمُ الْإِيمَانَ بِهِ وَالْإِقْرَارَ بِفَضْلِهِ.
Allah Almighty exalted his remembrance by taking covenant from the Prophets and by making it mandatory for them to have faith in him and acknowledge his excellence.

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I  D. 510 A.H.

Tafsir al-Kabeer التفسیر الکبیر
اعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ عَامٌّ فِي كُلِّ مَا ذَكَرُوهُ مِنَ النُّبُوَّةِ
وَشُهْرَتُهُ فِي الأرض والسموات
اسْمُهُ مَكْتُوبٌ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ
وَأَنَّهُ يُذْكَرُ مَعَهُ فِي الشَّهَادَةِ وَالتَّشَهُّدِ
وَأَنَّهُ تَعَالَى ذَكَرَهُ فِي الْكُتُبِ الْمُتَقَدِّمَةِ
وَانْتِشَارُ ذِكْرِهِ فِي الْآفَاقِ
وَأَنَّهُ خُتِمَتْ بِهِ النُّبُوَّةُ
وَأَنَّهُ يُذْكَرُ فِي الْخُطَبِ وَالْأَذَانِ وَمَفَاتِيحِ الرَّسَائِلِ، وَعِنْدَ الْخَتْمِ
Know that it includes all the aspects in general wherever his Prophethood is remembered:
• He is famous both on earth and in the heavens
• His name is inscribed on the ‘Arsh of Allah
• He is always remembered along with Allah in Shahadah (kalimah and Adhan) and in Tashahhud
• Allah Almighty has mentioned him in all the previous scriptures
• His remembrance is spread far and wide across the horizons
• The Prophethood has been discontinued at him
• He is remembered in the sermons, Adhan, in the beginning and end of treatise.

وَجَعَلَ ذِكْرَهُ فِي الْقُرْآنِ مَقْرُونًا بِذِكْرِهِ:
وَاللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَحَقُّ أَنْ يُرْضُوهُ [التَّوْبَةِ: 62]
وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ [النساء: 13]
وأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ [النور: 54]
Allah Almighty joined his remembrance along with His in the Holy Quran:
وَاللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَحَقُّ أَنْ يُرْضُوهُ [التَّوْبَةِ: 62]
And Allah and His Messenger had greater right, that they should please him.
(Al-Taubah 9, Verse 62)
وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ [النساء: 13]
And whoso obeys Allah and His Messenger…
(Al-Nisa 4, Verse 13)
وأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ [النور: 54]
Obey Allah and obey His Messenger.
(Al-Noor 24, Verse 54)

وَيُنَادِيهِ بِاسْمِ الرَّسُولِ وَالنَّبِيِّ، حِينَ يُنَادِي غَيْرَهُ بِالِاسْمِ يَا مُوسَى يَا عِيسَى، وَأَيْضًا جَعَلَهُ فِي الْقُلُوبِ بِحَيْثُ يَسْتَطِيبُونَ ذِكْرَهُ وَهُوَ مَعْنَى قَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى: سَيَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمنُ وُدًّا [مَرْيَمَ: 96] كَأَنَّهُ تَعَالَى يَقُولُ: أَمْلَأُ الْعَالَمَ مِنْ أَتْبَاعِكَ كُلُّهُمْ يُثْنُونَ عَلَيْكَ وَيُصَلُّونَ عَلَيْكَ وَيَحْفَظُونَ سُنَّتَكَ، بَلْ مَا مِنْ فَرِيضَةٍ مِنْ فَرَائِضِ الصَّلَاةِ إِلَّا وَمَعَهُ سُنَّةٌ فَهُمْ يَمْتَثِلُونَ فِي الْفَرِيضَةِ أَمْرِي، وَفِي السُّنَّةِ أَمْرَكَ وَجَعَلْتُ طَاعَتَكَ طَاعَتِي وَبَيْعَتَكَ بَيْعَتِي مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطاعَ اللَّهَ [النِّسَاءِ: 80] إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُبايِعُونَكَ إِنَّما يُبايِعُونَ اللَّهَ [الْفَتْحِ: 10] فَالْقُرَّاءُ يَحْفَظُونَ أَلْفَاظَ مَنْشُورِكَ، وَالْمُفَسِّرُونَ يُفَسِّرُونَ مَعَانِيَ فُرْقَانِكَ، وَالْوُعَّاظُ يُبَلِّغُونَ وَعْظَكَ/ بَلِ الْعُلَمَاءُ وَالسَّلَاطِينُ يَصِلُونَ إِلَى خِدْمَتِكَ، وَيُسَلِّمُونَ مِنْ وَرَاءِ الْبَابِ عَلَيْكَ، وَيَمْسَحُونَ وُجُوهَهُمْ بِتُرَابِ رَوْضَتِكَ، وَيَرْجُونَ شَفَاعَتَكَ، فَشَرَفُكَ بَاقٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ القيامة.
Allah Almighty calls him with the titles of “Messenger” and “Prophet” but when He address other Prophets, He address them by their names; such as, “O Moosa”, “O ‘Isa”.
He has also inspired the hearts to taste the sweetness of his remembrance which is the objective of this verse:
سَيَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمنُ وُدًّا [مَرْيَمَ: 96]
Soon the Most Affectionate (Allah) will make for them love.
It is as if Allah Almighty is stating, “I will fill this universe with your followers, all of them will sing your praises and will recite salutations upon you and will preserve your Sunnah. Hence there is no Fard Salah with which there is no Sunnah, so they obey My command in the Fard and your command in the Sunnah. I have made your obedience as Mine, your pledge as Mine:
مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطاعَ اللَّهَ [النِّسَاءِ: 80]
Whoso obeys the messenger has indeed obeyed Allah.
(Al-Nisa 4, Verse 80)
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُبايِعُونَكَ إِنَّما يُبايِعُونَ اللَّهَ [الْفَتْحِ: 10]
Those who swear allegiance to you, swear allegiance to Allah.
(Al-Fat’h 48, Verse 10)

It is therefore that the Qurra (plural of Qaari, meaning the one who memorizes the Quran by heart and has the knowledge of the Holy Quran) preserve words of your book in their hearts, the exegetists interpret the meanings of your Furqan (Quran), the preachers convey your words of advice and even the Scholars and kings are at your service as servants, sending Salam upon you from the other side of the gate, rubbing their faces in the sand of your tomb and hoping for your intercession. Hence, your honour is everlasting till the Day of Judgment.

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i  D. 606 A.H.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi تفسیر القرطبی
عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ: يَقُولُ لَهُ لَا ذُكِرْتُ إِلَّا ذُكِرْتَ مَعِي فِي الْأَذَانِ، وَالْإِقَامَةِ وَالتَّشَهُّدِ، وَيَوْمَ الْجُمْعَةَ عَلَى الْمَنَابِرِ، وَيَوْمَ الفطر، ويوم الأضحى: وأيام التشريق، وَيَوْمَ عَرَفَةَ، وَعِنْدَ الْجِمَارِ، وَعَلَى الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ، وَفِي خُطْبَةِ النِّكَاحِ، وَفِي مَشَارِقِ الْأَرْضِ وَمَغَارِبِهَا. وَلَوْ أَنَّ رَجُلًا عَبَدَ اللَّهَ جَلَّ ثَنَاؤُهُ، وصدق بالجنة والنار وكل شي، وَلَمْ يَشْهَدْ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، لَمْ يَنْتَفِعْ بِشَيْءٍ وَكَانَ كَافِرًا.
Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said: Allah Almighty has promised him, “I will not be remembered unless you are also remembered along with Me in Adhan, Iqamah, Tashahhud, on the pulpit on Fridays, on the Day of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, on the days of Tahsreeq, the day of ‘Arafah, near Jamaraat, on Safa and Marwah, in the Nikah sermon, from the east to the west of the world. If there is a servant who worships Allah Almighty and truly believes in paradise and hell and everything else but if he does not testify that indeed Muhammad (may Allah send peace and blessings upon him) is the Messenger of Allah then he will not gain benefit from anything and will become a disbeliever.

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi  D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor تفسیر الدر المنثور
وَأخرج أَبُو نعيم فِي الدَّلَائِل عَن أنس قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُول الله صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم: لما فرغت من أَمر السَّمَوَات وَالْأَرْض قلت يَا رب: إِنَّه لم يكن نَبِي قبلي إِلَّا وَقد كرّمته اتَّخذت إِبْرَاهِيم خَلِيلًا ومُوسَى كليماً وسخرت لداود الْجبَال ولسليمان الرّيح وَالشَّيَاطِين وأحييت لعيسى الْمَوْتَى فَمَا جعلت لي قَالَ: أوليس قد أَعطيتك أفضل من ذَلِك كُله أَن لَا أذكر إِلَّا ذكرت معي وَجعلت صُدُور أمتك أناجيل يقرؤون الْقُرْآن ظَاهرا وَلم أعْطهَا أمة وأعطيتك كنزاً من كنوز عَرْشِي: لَا حول وَلَا قُوَّة إِلَّا بِاللَّه
The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated: When Allah Almighty had disengaged from the affairs of earth and heavens, I said, “O my Lord, there has been no such Prophet before me whom you have not elevated in ranks; You took Sayyiduna Ibrahim (peace be upon him) as a friend and blessed Sayyiduna Moosa (peace be upon him) with Your speech, made the mountains obedient to Sayyiduna Dawood (peace be upon him), made the wind and jinns obedient to Sayyiduna Sulaiman (peace be upon him) and brought the dead to life for Sayyiduna ‘Isa (peace be upon him), so what did You do for me?” He said, “Have I not granted you the best of all that I have granted to all of them. I will not be remembered if you are not remembered along with Me. I expanded the hearts of your Ummah that they recite the Quran by heart while I did not bestow this upon any other nation. I have bestowed upon you the treasure from the treasures of My ‘Arsh لَا حول وَلَا قُوَّة إِلَّا بِاللَّه.
(Narrator Sayyiduna Anas in Dalail al-Nubuwwah of Imam Abu Nu’aim)

Tafsir Al-Durr al-Manthoor Bi al-Tafsir al-Mathoor of Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i  D. 911 A.H.

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