عَلَّمَ الْاِنۡسَانَ مَا لَمْ یَعْلَمْ ؕ﴿۵﴾

The One Who taught man all what he did not know.

Tafsir al-Matureedi                                            تفسیر الماتریدی                                

يحتمل رسول اللَّه – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّمَ -؛ لقوله: (وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ وَكَانَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ عَظِيمًا)، وكقوله: (تِلْكَ مِنْ أَنْبَاءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوحِيهَا إِلَيْكَ مَا كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُهَا أَنْتَ وَلَا قَوْمُكَ مِنْ قَبْلِ هَذَا)، وقوله: (مَا كُنْتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتَابُ وَلَا الْإِيمَانُ).

It could be regarding the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – as the following statement of the Almighty:

وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ وَكَانَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ عَظِيمًا

And taught to you what you did not know, and great is the grace of Allah upon you.

(Al-Nisa 4, Verse 113)

And His statement:

تِلْكَ مِنْ أَنْبَاءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوحِيهَا إِلَيْكَ مَا كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُهَا أَنْتَ وَلَا قَوْمُكَ مِنْ قَبْلِ هَذَا

These tidings of unseen, We reveal to you. Neither you did know nor your people before this.

(Hood 11, Verse 49)

And His following statement:

مَا كُنْتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتَابُ وَلَا الْإِيمَانُ

You did not know the Book before it nor the details of the laws of religion

(Al-Shoora 42, Verse 52)

ويحتمل قوله: (عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ): كل إنسان؛ كقوله: (وَاللَّهُ أَخْرَجَكُمْ مِنْ بُطُونِ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ شَيْئًا).

It could also be concerning people in general, as the following statement of the Almighty:

وَاللَّهُ أَخْرَجَكُمْ مِنْ بُطُونِ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ شَيْئًا

And Allah has created you from the wombs of your mothers while you knew nothing.

(Al-Nahl 16, Verse 78)

Tafsir al-Matureedi (Taweel Ahl al-Sunnah) of Imam Abu Mansoor Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Matureedi t D. 333 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَان} الْجِنْس {مَا لَمْ يَعْلَم} قَبْل تَعْلِيمه مِنْ الْهُدَى وَالْكِتَابَة وَالصِّنَاعَة وَغَيْرهَا

He taught man (the entire species) what he did not know, before he was taught, the path of guidance, the art of writing, crafts and so on.

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

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