وَ مَاۤ اُمِرُوۡۤا اِلَّا لِیَعْبُدُوا اللہَ مُخْلِصِیۡنَ لَہُ الدِّیۡنَ ۬ۙ حُنَفَآءَ وَ یُقِیۡمُوا الصَّلٰوۃَ وَ یُؤْتُوا الزَّکٰوۃَ وَ ذٰلِکَ دِیۡنُ الْقَیِّمَۃِ ؕ﴿۵﴾

And they were ordered only to worship Allah, believing purely in Him – devoted solely (to Him), and to establish the prayer and to pay the obligatory charity – and this is the straight religion.

Tafsir al-Tabari                                                             تفسیر الطبری                                

وَمَا أَمَرَ اللَّهُ هَؤُلَاءِ الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَى الَّذِينَ هُمْ أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ إِلَّا أَنْ يَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ؛ يَقُولُ: مُفْرِدِينَ لَهُ الطَّاعَةَ، لَا يَخْلِطُونَ طَاعَتَهُمْ رَبَّهُمْ بِشِرْكٍ، فَأَشْرَكَتِ الْيَهُودُ بِرَبِّهَا بِقَوْلِهِمْ إِنَّ عُزَيْرًا ابْنُ اللَّهِ، وَالنَّصَارَى بِقَوْلِهِمْ فِي الْمَسِيحِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ، وَجُحُودِهِمْ نُبُوَّةَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

And Allah Almighty ordered them, these jews and Christians who are called people of the book, to only worship Allah, believing purely in Him i.e. Allah Almighty says:  They were to devote solely to him in obedience without mixing their priority in obedience by associating partners but the jews did associate partners with their Lord by saying that Sayyiduna ‘Uzair – peace be upon him – is Allah’s son, and the Christians as well by saying the similar thing regarding Sayyiduna Messiah (Prophet ‘Isa – peace be upon him) and by their denial of the Prophethood of Sayyiduna Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him.

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri t D. 310 A.H.

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                        تفسیر البغوی                            

{وَمَا أُمِرُوا} يَعْنِي هَؤُلَاءِ الْكُفَّارَ، {إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ} يَعْنِي إِلَّا أَنْ يَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ، {مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ} قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ: مَا أُمِرُوا فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالْإِنْجِيلِ إِلَّا [بِالْإِخْلَاصِ فِي] الْعِبَادَةِ لِلَّهِ مُوَحِّدِينَ، {حُنَفَاءَ} مَائِلِينَ عَنِ الْأَدْيَانِ كُلِّهَا إِلَى دِينِ الْإِسْلَامِ، {وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ} الْمَكْتُوبَةَ فِي أَوْقَاتِهَا، {وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ} عِنْدَ مَحَلِّهَا، {وَذَلِكَ} الَّذِي أُمِرُوا بِهِ، {دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ} أَيِ الْمِلَّةُ وَالشَّرِيعَةُ الْمُسْتَقِيمَةُ.

And they (i.e. these infidels) were ordered only to worship Allah, believing purely in Him. Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – said:  They were commanded in Torah and Bible to only adopt devotion in Allah’s worship as monotheists – devoted solely (to Him) (i.e. turning away from all the other faiths and turning to Islam) and to establish the prayer (that were prescribed to them on its specified times) and to pay the obligatory charity (in its appropriate place) and this (what they were commanded to do) is the straight religion (i.e. the straight Shariah and religion).

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

Tafsir al-Nasafi                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر النسفی                                 

{وَمَا أُمِرُواْ} يعني في التوراة والإنجيل {إِلاَّ لِيَعْبُدُواْ الله مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدين} من غير شرك ونفاق {حُنَفَاء} مؤمنين بجميع الرسل مائلين عن الأديان الباطلة {ويقيموا الصلاة ويؤتوا الزكاة وَذَلِكَ دِينُ القيمة} أي دين الملة القيمة

And they were ordered (in Torah and Bible) only to worship Allah, believing purely in Him (without polytheism and hypocrisy) devoted solely to Him (by believing in all the Prophets and cutting off from all false religions) and to establish prayer and to pay the obligatory charity – and this is the straight religion (the religion of straight creed).

Tafsir al-Nasafi (Madarik al-Tanzeel) of Imam Abul Barakaat Abdullah ibn Ahmed al-Nasafi t D. 710 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{وَمَا أُمِرُوا} فِي كِتَابهمْ التَّوْرَاة وَالْإِنْجِيل {إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّه} أَيْ أَنْ يَعْبُدُوهُ {مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّين} مِنْ الشِّرْك {حُنَفَاء} مُسْتَقِيمِينَ عَلَى دِين إِبْرَاهِيم وَدِين مُحَمَّد إِذَا جَاءَ فَكَيْف كَفَرُوا بِهِ {وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاة وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاة وَذَلِكَ دِين} الْمِلَّة {الْقَيِّمَة} الْمُسْتَقِيمَة

And they were only commanded, in their Scripture, the Torah and the Bible, to worship Allah, devoting religion purely to Him,

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of any idolatry, as hanifs, upright in [following] the religion of Sayyiduna Ibrahim – peace be upon him – and the religion of Sayyiduna Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him, when he would come — so how is it that they disbelieved in him?, and to establish prayer and pay the alms. That is the straight religion, the straight creed.

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor                                                                              تفسیر الدر المنثور                                         

وَأخرج ابْن الْمُنْذر عَن عَطاء بن أبي رَبَاح أَنه قيل لَهُ: إِن قوما قَالُوا: إِن الصَّلَاة وَالزَّكَاة ليسَا من الدّين فَقَالَ: أَلَيْسَ يَقُول الله {وَمَا أمروا إِلَّا ليعبدوا الله مُخلصين لَهُ الدّين حنفَاء ويقيموا الصَّلَاة ويؤتوا الزَّكَاة وَذَلِكَ دين الْقيمَة} فَالصَّلَاة وَالزَّكَاة من الدّين

It was told to Sayyiduna ‘Ata ibn Rabah – may Allah be pleased with him – about a people regarding their claim “Salah and Zakah are not part of Deen”, so he replied, “Has Allah Almighty not stated this “And they were ordered only to worship Allah, believing purely in Him – devoted solely (to Him), and to establish the prayer and to pay the obligatory charity – and this is the straight religion.”

Therefore Salah and Zakah are part of religion.

(Ibn al-Mundhir)

Tafsir Al-Durr al-Manthoor Bi al-Tafsir al-Mathoor of Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

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